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Index Q to S


A to D E to H I to L M to P Q
R S T to Z


Q

Qamdo: see China provinces
Qandahar: see Afghanistan
Qarabagh (Karabakh): see under Azerbaijan
Qaraei Khanate of Torbat-e-Heydariyeh and Khaf: see under Iran
Qaraghandy: see Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions
Qaraqalpaqstan: see Karakalpakstan under Uzbekistan
Qasimi State: see North Yemen under Yemen
Qasm: see States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
Qatar
Qeko: see Jere or Qeko dynasty under Malawi traditional states
Qingdao: see Provinces of China
Qinghai: see Provinces of China
Qiongya: see Hainan under Provinces of China
Qomul (Kumul): see under China
Qonduz: see Afghanistan
Qostanay: see Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions
Quadt: see German states before 1918
Quaiti Sultanate: see Shihr and Mukalla under States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
Quapaw: see Native American Nations
Quartz Valley Indian Community: see Native American Nations
Quba: see Azerbaijan
Quebec: see Canada Provinces
Quebec City: see Quebec under Canada Provinces
Quechan Tribe of Fort Yuma: see Native American Nations
Quedlinburg: see German states before 1918
Queen Adelaide Land: see British Kaffraria under South Africa
Queen Charlotte Islands: see under British Colombia under Canada provinces
Queen Maude Land: see Norwegian Antarctic Territory
Queens: see New York City Boroughs
Queensland: see Australian states
Querétaro: see Mexican states
Quileute: see Native American Nations
Quintana Roo: see Mexican states
Quinault: see Native American Nations
Quisn: see Mahra under States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
Quito: see Ecuador
Qusantania: see Constantine under Algeria
Qwabe: see South African traditional states
Qwaqwa: see South Africa black homelands
Qyzylorda: see Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions


R

Radhanpur: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Radom: see Districts of the Government-general 1939-45
Radomir Republic: see Bulgaria
Rafai: see Central African Republic Native states
Ragusa: see Croatia
Rahayto (Rahaito): see under Djibouti
Raigarh: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Rairakhol: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Ra`iatea and Taha`a: see French Polynesia
Rajasthan: see States of India since 1947
Rajauri: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Rajgarh: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Rajkot: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Rajpipla: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Raleigh: see U.S. cities
Ralik Islands: see Marshall Islands traditional states
Ramdurg: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Ramnad: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Ramona Band of Cahuilla: see Native American Nations
Rampur: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Ranasan: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Ranpur: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Rapa: see Oparo under French Polynesia
Rapang: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Rapanui: see Easter Island under Chile
Rapperswil: see St. Gallen under Swiss Cantons
Rarogne (Raron): see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Rarotonga: see under Cook Islands
Ras al-Khaimah: see United Arab Emirates
Ratak Islands: see Marshall Islands traditional states
Ratesh: see under Indian Princely states K-Z
Rätien Canton: see Graubünden under Swiss Cantons
Ratisbone: see Regensburg under German states before 1918
Ratlam: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Raudha: see Saudi Arabian traditonal states
Rauracienne: see Jura under Swiss Cantons
Rauraque: see Rauracienne under Jura under Swiss Cantons
Reckheim: see under Belgium
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa: see Native American Nations
Red Cross
Red Nation: see Awa-Khoi under  Namibian native states
Red River Settlement: see Manitoba under Canada Provinces
Red Sea: see States of The Sudan
Red Sea province (1826-1882): see under Eritrea
Redonda: see under Antigua and Barbuda
Refreshment Islands: see Tristan da Cunha
Regensburg (bishopric): see German states before 1918
Regensburg (free city): see German states before 1918
Reggio: see Modena under Italian states
Rheda: see German states before 1918
Rehe (Jehol): see Provinces of China
Rehoboth: see Namibian homelands
Rehoboth: see Baster under Namibian native states
Rehol: see Rehe under Provinces of China
Rekem: see Reckheim under Belgium
Rembau: see Malay states
Remiremont: see Lorraine under French Provinces to 1791
Rennell and Bellona: see Solomon Islands provinces
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony: see Native American Nations
Republic of the United Belgian (Netherlands) States: see Belgium
Republika Srpska: see Bosnia and Hercegovina
Reunion
Reuss Junior Line: see German states before 1918
Reuss Junior Line (republic): see German states after 1918
Reuss People's state: see German states after 1918
Reuss Senior Line: see German states before 1918
Reuss Senior Line (republic): see German states after 1918
Reuss-Ebersdorf: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Gera: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Greiz: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Hirschberg: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Lobenstein: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Obergreiz: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Schleiz: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Schleiz-Gera: see German states before 1918
Reuss-Untergreiz: see German states before 1918
Rewa (India): see Indian Princely states K-Z
Rewa: see Fiji
Rey Bouba see Cameroon traditional states
Rharhabe: see amaRharhabe under South African traditional states
Rhein: see Prussian provinces
Rheina-Wolbeck: see German states before 1918
Rheinland (department) see Berg under German states before 1918
Rheinland (province): see Prussian provinces
Rheinland-Hessen-Nassau: see Rheinland-Pfalz under German states after 1918
Rheinland-Pfalz: see German states after 1918
Rheintal: see St. Gallen under Swiss Cantons
Rhin-et-Moselle: see under Germany
Rhine Confederation: see Germany
Rhineland (department): see Berg under German states before 1918
Rhineland (Rhenish) Republic: see under  Germany
Rhodanic (Rhodanienne) Republic: see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Rhodes: see Dodecanese Islands under Greece
Rhodesia and Nyasaland: see Zimbabwe
Rhodesia: see Zimbabwe
Rhône-Alpes: see Regions of France
Riau (province): see Indonesian provinces
Riau (state): see Indonesian states 1946-1950
Ribeira Grande: see under Cape Verde
Richmond: see Mayors of US cities
Richmond County: see Staten Island under New York City Boroughs
Rietberg: see German states before 1918
Rif (Riff): see Morocco
Riga Bishopric: see under Latvia
Rijeka: see under Croatia
Rijn: see Gelderland under Netherlands provinces
Rimatara: see French Polynesia
Rimini: see Italian states
Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians: see Native American States
Rio Branco: see Roraima under Brazil states
Rio de Janeiro (province): see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (state): see Brazil states
Rio de la Goa: see Delagoa Bay under Mozambique
Río de la Plata: see Argentina
Río de Oro: see Western Sahara
Rio Grande do Norte (captaincy): see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Rio Grande do Norte (state): see Brazil states
Rio Grande do (São Pedro) Sul (captaincy): see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul (state): see Brazil states
Rio Grande Republic: see under Brazil
Río Muni: see Equatorial Guinea
Río Negro: see Argentine provinces since 1983
Rio São Francisco: see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Riom: see under French Generalities
River Cess: see Counties of Liberia
River Gee: see Counties of Liberia
River Governors: see Warri under Nigerian traditional states
River Nile: see States of The Sudan
Rivers: see Nigerian states
La Riviera: see Ticino under Swiss Cantons
Riviéres du Sud: see Guinea
Rivne (Rovno): see Ukraine Admin. Divisions
Riyam (Ghafiri Arabs): see under Oman
Roanoke (colony): see North Carolina under US states N
Robinson Rancheria: see Native American tribes
Rochester: see Mayors of US cities
Rodrigues: see under Mauritius
Roer: see under Germany
Rogaland: see Norwegian counties
Rogaland: see under Early Norwegian Polities
Rohilla: see Rampur under Indian Princely States
Rohilkhand: see Rampur under Indian Princely States
Rôlông: see Botswana traditional states
Rôlông baRrapulana: see baRôlông baRrapulana under  South African traditional states
Rôlông baRratlou: see baRôlông baRratlou South African traditional states
Rôlông baRratlou booMariba: see baRôlông baRratlou booMariba  South African traditional states
Rôlông baSeleka: see baRôlông baSeleka South African traditional states
Romagna: see Papal state under Italian states
Romainmôtier: see Vaud under Swiss Cantons
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Republic: see Papal State under Italian states
Romania
Romanija: see Serbian Oblasts in Bosnia 1991-1992
Romberg: see Étival under Lorraine French Provinces to 1791
Rome département: see Papal State under Italian states
Romerike: see under Early Norwegian Polities
Romsdals: see Møre og Romsdal under Norwegian counties
Rondonia: see Brazil states
Roquebrune: see Monaco
Roraima: see Brazil states
Rosebud Sioux: see Native American Nations
Ross, fort: see under California
Ross Dependency: see New Zealand Antarctic Territory
Rostok: see Districts of East Germany
Rostov: see Russian administrative divisions
Rostov: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Rottenmünster (Rothenmünster): see German states before 1918
Rottweil: see German states before 1918
Rotuma: see Fiji
Rouen: see under French Generalities
Round Valley Indian Tribes: see Native American tribes
Roussillon: see French Provinces
Rovno: see Rivne under Ukraine Admin. Divisions
Równe: see Poland Voivodships
Ruanda: see Rwanda
Ruanda-Urundi: see Burundi
Rügen Island: see German states before 1918
Ruhengeri: see Rwanda Hutu kingdoms
Ruhr (department): see Berg under German states before 1918
Rujumbura: see Uganda minor traditional states
Rumania: see Romania
Rumbati: see Indonesia princely states
Rupert's Land: see Northwest Territories under Canada Provinces
Rurutu: see French Polynesia
Rusçuk (Ruse): see Bulgaria
Rusubi: see Tanganyika traditional states
Russia

Russian America: see Alaska under U.S. states
Russian Livonia: see Livonia under Latvia
Russian North-Western Region: see Russian civil war polities
Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic: see Russia
Russka Kraina: see Ruthenia under Ukraine
Ruthenia: see under Ukraine
Ruund: see Congo (Kinshasa) traditional states
Ruwaha in Wadi Sama`il: see under Oman
Rwanda
Rwankeri: see Rwanda Hutu kingdoms
Rwenzururu: see under Uganda
Ryazan: see Russian administrative divisions
Ryazan: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Ryo-jun: see Port Arthur under China foreign colonies
Ryukyu Islands: see under Japan


S

's-Hertogenbosch: see North Brabant under Netherlands provinces
Saale: see Westphalia under German states before 1918
Saalum: see Senegal traditional states
Saar: see German states after 1918
Saaremaa Island: see Estonia
Saarland: see Germany
Saba
Sabah: see Malaysian states
Sabang: see Indonesian states 1946-1950
Sabaragamuwa: see Sri Lankan provinces
Sabe: see Benin traditional states
Sabinada: see Brazil
Sabbioneta: see Italian states
Sac and Fox of Oklahoma: see Native American Nations
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa: see Native American Nations
Sachin: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sachsen (kingdom): see German states before 1918
Sachsen (state): see German states after 1918
Sachsen (province): see Prussian provinces
Sachsen-Anhalt: see German states after 1918
Sacramento: see Mayors of US cities
Saddle Lake Band: see Canadian First Nations
Safim (Safi): see under Morocco
Safroko: see Sierra Leone Traditional States
Saga: see Prefectures of Japan
Saga: see Japanese Domains
Saga: see Burma Shan and Karen states
Sagwe: see Burma Shan and Karen states
Saharan Arab Democratic Republic: see Western Sahara
Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic: see Western Sahara
Saidon: see Lebanon
Sailana: see Shailana under Indian Princely states K-Z
Saint Andrew's Island: see Gambia
Saint-Barthélemy (Saint Barts, Saint Barths)
Saint-Christophe: see under Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Christopher: see Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla: see Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Croix: see Virign Islands
Saint Croix Chippewa: see Native American Nations
Saint-Domingue: see Haiti
Saint Eustace: see Saint Eustatius
Saint-Eustache: see Saint Eustatius
Saint Eustatius
Saint Gall Abbey: see Sankt Gallen Abtei under Swiss Cantons
Saint Gall City: see Sankt Gallen Stadt under Swiss Cantons
Saint Gall: see Sankt Gallen under Swiss Cantons
Saint Helena
Saint Jean: see Prince Edward Island under Canada Provinces
Saint John's Island: see Prince Edward Island under Canada Provinces
Saint Johns: see Virgin Islands
Saint John the Baptist of Whydah: see São João Baptista de Ajudá under Benin
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Louis: see Mayors of US cities
Saint Lucia
Saint Maarten
Saint Mark Republic: see Venice under Italian states
Saint-Martin
Saint-Maurice: see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Saint Michel: see Mikkeli/Sankt Michel under Finland provinces
Saint-Paul Island: see French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Saint Petersburg: see Russian administrative divisions
Saint Peter's and Miquelon: see Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Peter's Band: see Peguis under Canadian First Nations
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Regis: see Akwesane under Canadian First Nations
Saint Regis Mohawk: see Native American Nations
Saint Servaas: see under the Netherlands
Saint Thomas: see Virgin Islands
Saint Thomas-Saint Johns: see Virgin Islands
Saint Thomas and Prince: see São Tomé and Príncipe
Saintonge et Angoumois: see French Provinces
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sainte-Lucie: see Saint Lucia
Sainte-Marie de Madagascar: see Madagascar
Saipan (island): see Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan (city): see Mayors of US cities
Saitama: see Prefectures of Japan
Sakassou: see Côte d'Ivoire traditional states
Sakha: see Russian Republics
Sakhalin (from 1991): see Russian administrative divisions
Sakhalin: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Sakoi: see Burma Shan and Karen states
Sakti: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Saleijer: see Selayar under Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead: see U.S. Native Nations
Salm-Dhaun: see German states before 1918
Salm-Dyck: see German states before 1918
Salm-Grumbach: see German states before 1918
Salm-Horstmar: see German states before 1918
Salm-Kyrburg: see German states before 1918
Salm-Reifferscheid: see German states before 1918
Salm-Salm: see German states before 1918
Salonika: see under Greece
Salt Lake City: see Mayors of US cities
Salt River Pima-Maricopa: see Native American Nations
Salta: see Argentine provinces 1820-1862
Salta: see Argentine provinces since 1983
Saluzzo: see Italian states
Salvador: see El Salvador
Salyan: see Azerbaijan
Salzburg (Land and Archbishopric): see Austrian crownlands
Salzburg (state): see Austrian states
Samara: see Russian administrative divisions
Samaritans
Sambaliung: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sambalpur: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sambas: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sambre-et-Meuse: see under Belgium
Sambu: see Angola traditional states
Samburu: see Guinea traditional states
Samka: see Burma Shan and Karen states
Samoa
Samogitia: see Lithuania
Samori Empire: see Wassulu under Mali traditional states
Samory's Empire: see Wassulu under Mali traditional states
Samos: see Greece
Samson Band: see Canadian First Nations
Samthar: see Indian Princely states K-Z
San Antonio: see Mayors of US cities
San Carlos Apache: see Native American Nations
San Diego: see Mayors of US cities
San Felipe Pueblo: see Native American Nations
San Fiurenzu: see Corsica
San Francisco: see Mayors of US cities
San Ildefonso Pueblo: see Native American Nations
San Jose: see Mayors of US cities
San Juan: see Argentine provinces 1820-1862
San Juan: see Argentine provinces since 1983
San Juan Pueblo: see Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo under Native American Nations
San Juan, Puerto Rico see Mayors of US cities
San Luis Potosí (state): see Mexican states
San Luis Potosí (intendencia): see Provinces of New Spain
San Luis: see Argentine provinces 1820-1862
San Luis: see Argentine provinces since 1983
San Manuel Band of Mission Indians: see Native American Nations
San Marino
San Martin: see Peruvian Regions
San Manuel Band: see Native American Nations
San Miguel de Ultramar: see Mamora under Morocco
San Pasqual Diegueno: Native American Nations
San Salvador: see El Salvador
Sandaun: see Papua New Guinea Provinces
Sandia Pueblo: see Native American Nations
Sandiro: see Benin traditional states
Sandur: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sandwich Islands: see Hawaii under US states A-D
Sandžak (Sandjak): see under Serbia
Sanggar: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sanggau: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sangli: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sangri: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sanjeli: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sankt Gallen: see Swiss Cantons
Sankt Michel: see Finland provinces
Sankul: see Mozambique traditional states
Sankuru: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
Sant: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Santo Amaro de Guaibé: see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Santa Ana Pueblo: see Native American Nations
Santa Catalina: see under Colombia
Santa Catarina (province): see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Santa Catarina (state): see Brazil states
Santa Catarina Republic: see under Brazil
Santa Clara Pueblo: see Native American Nations
Santa Cruz: see Argentine provinces since 1983
Santa Cruz: see Bolivia Departments
Santa Cruz de la Mar Pequeña: see Ifni under Morrocco
Santa Cruz do Cabo de Gué: see under Morocco
Santa Fe: see Mayors of US cities
Santa Fe: see Argentine provinces since 1983
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz: see Argentine provinces
Santa Maria: see Azores
Santa Maura: see Greece
Santa Rosa Cahuilla: see Native American Nations
Santa Rosa Rancheria: see Native American tribes
Santa Ynez Band of Chumash: see Native American Nations
Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno: see Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel under Native American Nations
Santander: see Colombian states
Santiago: see under Cape Verde
Santiago del Estero: see Argentine provinces 1820-1862
Santiago del Estero: see Argentine provinces since 1983
Säntis: see St. Gallen under Swiss Cantons
Santo Antão: see under Cape Verde
Santo Domingo: see Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo Pueblo: see Kewa Pueblo under Native American Nations
Santrokofi: see Ghana traditional states
Sanusi Order: see Cyrenaica under Libya
Sanwi: see Côte d'Ivoire traditional states
São João Baptista de Ajudá: see under Benin
São João da Quaresma: see Fernando de Noronha under Divisions of Portuguese Brazil 
São Jorge dos Ilhéus: see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
São Jorge da Mina: see under Ghana
São José do Rio Negro (province): see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
São Miguel: see Azores
São Nicolau and São Vicente: see under Cape Verde
São Paulo province: see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
São Paulo state: see Brazil states
São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé: see under São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé: see Paraíba do Sul: see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil 
São Tomé de Meliapore: see Madras under British India provinces
São Vicente: see São Paulo e Minas de Ouro under Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Sarab: see under Iran
Sarajevo: see Bosnian Federation cantons
Saratov: see Russian administrative divisions
Saratov: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Sarawak: see Malaysian states
Sardinia autonomous region: see Italian autonomous regions
Sardinia: see Italian states
Sardinia-Piedmont: see Italian states
Sargans: see St. Gallen under Swiss Cantons
Sarila: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sarine et Broye: see Swiss cantons under Fribourg
Sar-i-Pul: see Afghanistan
Sark: see Guernsey
Sarnerbund: see Switzerland
Sarre: see under
Germany
Saseno Island: see Sazan under Albania
Saskatchewan: see Canada Provinces
Satakunta/Satakunda: see Finland regions
Satara: see Mahratta states under Indian Princely states K-Z
Satsuma: see Japanese Domains
Saudi Arabia
Saugeais: see Self-Proclaimed Micronations
Sauk-Suiattle: see Native American Nations
Sault Ste. Marie: see Native American Nations
Saumurois: see French Provinces
Saurashtra: see States of India since 1947
Sava: see Regions of Madagascar
Sava (Savska): see Croatia
Savage Island: see Niue
Savalu: see Benin traditional states
Savannah: see Mayors of US cities
Savantvadi (Savantwadi): see Indian Princely states K-Z
Savanur: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Savi Hweda: see Benin traditional states
Savolax och Karelens: see Kuopio underp Finland provinces
Savolax och Kymmenegård: see Finland provinces
Savonia: see Savolax och Kymmenegård under Finland provinces
Savoy: see Italian states
Sawayama: see Japanese Domains
Sawito: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sax: see St. Gallen under Swiss Cantons
Saxe-Altenburg (state): see German states after 1918
Saxe-Altenburg: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (state): see German states after 1918
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (state): see German states after 1918
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Eisenach: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Gotha (state): see German states after 1918
Saxe-Gotha: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Hildburghausen: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Lauenburg: see Lauenburg under German states before 1918
Saxe-Meiningen (state): see German states after 1918
Saxe-Meiningen: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Weimar: see German states before 1918
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (state): see German states after 1918
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: see German states before 1918
Saxony: see German states before 1918
Saxony (province): see Prussian provinces
Saxony Grand Duchy: see Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach under German states before 1918
Saybrook colony: see Connecticut under U.S. states
Sayla: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Say´un: see States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg: see German states before 1918
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein: see German states before 1918
Sazan Island (Saseno): see under Albania
Scania: see under Sweden
Scania county: see Swedish Counties
Schaffhausen: see Swiss Cantons
Schaumburg-Lippe (state): see German states after 1918
Schaumburg-Lippe: see German states before 1918
Schellenberg: see Liechtenstein
Schitsu'Umsh (Coeur d'Alene Tribe): see Native American Nations
Schlesien: see Prussian provinces
Schleswig and Holstein: see German states before 1918
Schleswig-Holstein (province): see Prussian provinces
Schleswig-Holstein: see German states after 1918
Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp: see German states before 1918
Schleswig-Holstein-Segeberg: see German states before 1918
Schliengen: see under Bern under Swiss Cantons
Schwäbich-Österreich: see Vorderösterreich under Austrian Crown Lands
Schwarzburg-Arnstadt: see German states before 1918
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (state): see German states after 1918
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt: see German states before 1918
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (state): see German states after 1918
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen: see German states before 1918
Schwerin: see Districts of East Germany
Schwyz Äusseres Land: see Swiss Cantons
Schwyz: see Swiss Cantons
Scientology
Scilly Islands: see under United Kingdom
Scotland: see United Kingdom
Sealand: see Self-Proclaimed Micronations
Seattle: see Mayors of US cities
Seborga (to 1729): see Italian states
Seborga (from 1995): see Self-Proclaimed Micronations
Séchelles: see Seychelles
Sedan: see French Provinces
Sefwi: see Ghana traditional states
Sefwi-Wiawso: see Ghana traditional states
Sègre-Ter: see Catalonia under Spanish autonomous communities
Segu: see Mali traditional states
Seguia El-Hamara: see Western Sahara
Sekadau: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sekondi: see Ghana traditional states
Selangor: see Malaysian states
Selayar under Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Selimbau: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Semarang: see Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Semberija: see Serbian Oblasts in Bosnia 1991-1992
Semendire (Smederevo) sanjak: see Serbia
Semey: see Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions
Semigallia: see Latvia
Seminole (to 1903 [Oklahoma]) : under Oklahoma under US states O-R
Seminole of Florida: see Native American Nations
Seminole of Oklahoma: see Native American Nations
Semirechye Cossack Host: see under Kazakhstan
Sendai: see Japanese Domains
Seneca Nation of Indians: see Native American Nations
Seneca-Cayuga: see Native American Nations
Senegal
Senegambia: see Senegal
Senigallia: see Italian states
Sengkongo: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sennaheit: see under Eritrea
Sennar: see States of The Sudan
Sennar: see Funj Sultanate under Sudan Traditional States
Senussi (Sanusi) Order: see Cyrenaica under Libya
Sejong: see South Korea Provinces
Seoul: see South Korea Provinces
Sept Dizains: see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Septinsular Republic: see Ionian Islands under Greece
Sequoyah: see Oklahoma under US states O-R
Seraikella: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Serb, Croat, and Slovene State: see Yugoslavia under Serbia
Serbia
Serbia and Banate of Temeswar: see Vojvodina under Serbia
Serbian Autonomous Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem: see under Croatia
Serbian Autonomous Western Slavonia Region: see Srem-Barajna under Croatia
Serbian-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic: see under Hungary
Serbian-Hungarian Republic of Baranja: see under Hungary
Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Republic: see under Bosnia-Hercegovina
Serbian Vojvodina and Tamis' Banat: see Vojvodina under Serbia
Serdang: see Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Serer states: see Senegal traditional states
Sergipe d'el Rei: see Divisions of Portuguese Brazil
Sergipe: see Brazil states
Sésia: see Piedmont under Italian states
Setentrional Acre: see Acre under Brazil states
Servia: see Serbia
Sevastopol': see Ukraine Admin. Divisions
Seventh-day Adventists
Severna Bosna (Northern Bosnia): see Serbian Oblasts in Bosnia 1991-1992
Severo-Kavkazsky (North Caucasian): see Russian Administrative Divisions
Severo-Kazakhstan: see Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions
Severo-Zapadny: see Russia Administrative Divisions
Severozapadna Bosna (Northwest Bosnia): see Serbian Oblasts in Bosnia 1991-1992
Seychelles

Shaanxi: see Provinces of China
Shabwa: see Say´un under States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
Shahpura: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sha`ib: see States of the Western Aden Protectorate
Shailana: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Shakki: see Azerbaijan
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux: see Native American Nations
Shamakha: see Azerbaijan
Shambalai: see Tanganyika traditional states
Shan states: see Burma Shan and Karen states
Shandong: see Provinces of China
Shanghai: see Provinces of China
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
Shanghai International Settlement: see China foreign colonies
Shansi: see Provinces of China
Shantung: see Provinces of China
Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma: see Native American Nations
Shanxi: see Provinces of China
Shaqr: see Saudi Arabian traditional states
Sharifi Moroccan State: see Morocco
Sharjah: see United Arab Emirates
Shavasha: see Zimbabwe traditional states
Sheka: see Ethiopian border states
Sheki: see Azerbaijan
Shameen British and French Concessions: see China Foreign Colonies
Shengan: see Shaanxi under  Provinces of China
Shenge: see Sierra Leone traditional states
Shengping: see China
Shensi: see Provinces of China
Shenyang: see Provinces of China
Shenzhuan: see Shaanxi under  Provinces of China
Sherwood Valley Rancheria: see Native American tribes
Shreveport: see Mayors of US cities
Shewa: see Ethiopia
Shijiazhuang: see Provinces of China
Shibarghan: see under Afghanistan
Shibata: see Japanese Domains
Shiga: see Prefectures of Japan
Shihr and Mukalla: see States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
Shilluk: see under South Sudan
Shimane: see Prefectures of Japan
Shinnan Shoto: see Spratly Islands
Shinnecock: see Native American Nations
Shirak: see Armenian Provinces
Shirakawa: see Japanese Domains
Shiré River Protectorate: see Malawi
Shirvan: see Shamakha under Azerbaijan
Shitomir: see Ukraine Reichskommissariat Districts
Shizuoka: see Prefectures of Japan
Shkodër: see Albania
Shoa: see Ethiopia
Shoalwater Bay: see Native American Nations
Shonai: see Japanese Domains
Shonga: see Nigerian Traditional States
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Ft. Hill: see Native American Nations
Shoshone Paiute of Duck Valley: see Native American Nations
Shoshone of Wind River under Native American Nations
Showa: see Italian East Africa under Ethiopia
Shyghys Qazaqstan: see Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions
Siah Utama: Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Siak Seri Indrapura: see Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Siam: see Thailand
Siauliai: see Lithuanian counties
Siba (Dada-Siba): see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sibensko-Kninska (Sibenik-Knin): see Counties of Croatia
Siberia: see Russian civil war states
Siberian district: see Russia administrative divisions
Sibirsky: see Russia Administrative Divisions
Sichuan: see Provinces of China
Sicily: see Two Sicilies under Italian states
Sicily autonomous region: see Italian autonomous regions
Sicily beyond the Lighthouse: see Sicily under Two Sicilies under Italian states
Sicily this side of the Lighthouse: see Naples under Two Sicilies under Italian states
Sidenreng: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sieben Zehenden: see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Siebenbürgen: see Transylvania under Romania
Sieg: see Berg under German states before 1918
Sienna: see Tuscany under Italian states
Sierra Gorda: see Querétaro under Mexico states M -Z
Sierra Leone
Sierre: see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Sigave: see Wallis and Futuna
Sigmaringen (district) see: Provinces of Prussia
Siha: see Tanganyika traditional states
Sikang (Xikang): see Provinces of China
Sikhim: see Sikkim under India
Sikhism

Sikkim state: see Indian states since 1947
Sikkim kingdom: see under India
Silat: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Silesia (crownland): see Czech Republic
Silesia (provinces): see Prussian provinces
Silesia (voivodship): see Poland Voivodships
Siletz Confederated Tribes: see Native American Nations
Silistra: see Dobruja under Romania
Simbu: see Papua New Guinea Provinces
Simpa: see Effutu under Ghana traditional states
Simpang: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sin: see Senegal traditional states
Sinaloa and Sonora: see Provinces of New Spain
Sinaloa: see Mexican states
Sinbei (Xinbei) city: see under Taiwan
Sind: see Pakistan princely states
Sind (province of Pakistan): see Pakistan provinces
Sind (province of India): see Provinces of British India
Sindhya: see Gwalior under Indian princely states A-J
Singaling Hkamti: see Burma Shan and Karen states
Singapore
Singgora: see Songkhla under Thailand
Sinkiang: see under Provinces of China
Sinnar: see Funj Sultanate under Sudan Traditional States
Sinoe: see Counties of Liberia
Sint Eustatius: see Saint Eustatius
Sint Maarten: see Saint Maarten
Sint Servaas: see Limburg under Netherlands provinces
Sintang: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sinuiju Special Admin. Region: see under North Korea
Sion (bishopric): see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Sioux, Cheyenne River: see Native American Nations
Sioux, Flandreau Santee: see Native American Nations
Sioux, Oglala: see Native American Nations
Sirmur: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sirohi: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sisacko-Moslavacka (Sisak-Moslavina): see Counties of Croatia
Sise Jihad state: see Dina under Mali traditional states
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate: see Native American Nations
Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana (SICA)
Sitamau: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sitka: see Native American Nations
Sitten (bishopric): see Valais under Swiss Cantons
Siunik: see Nagorno-Karabakh under Azerbaijan
Sivaganga: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Skåne (duchy): see under Sweden
Skåne (county): see Swedish Counties
Skaraborg: see Swedish Counties
Skokomish: see Native American Nations
Skopie oblast: see under Macedonia
Skull Valley Goshute: see Native American Nations
Skutari (Skodër): see Albania
Slaskie (Silesia): see Poland Voivodships 1919-39
Slaskie: see Poland Voivodships from 1999
Slavonia: see under  Croatia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Smaalenernes: see Østfold under Norwegian counties
Smolensk: see Russian administrative divisions
Smolensk: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Smyrna (district): see Turkey
Snoqualmie: see Native American Nations
Sokaogon Chippewa: see Native American Nations
Soboba Band: see Native American Nations
Society Islands: see French Polynesia
Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
Soconusco: see Chiapas under Mexico states
Socotra: see Mahra under States of the Eastern Aden Protectorate
Socotra: see under Yemen Aden Protectorate
Södermanland: see Swedish Counties
Södra Finland: see Finland provinces
Södra Karelen: see Etelä-Karjala/Södra Karelen under Finland regions
Södra Österbotten: see Etelä-Pohjanmaa/Södra Österbotten under Finland regions
Södra Savolax: see Etelä-Savo/Södra Savolax under Finland regions
Sofia: see Regions of Madagascar
Sogn: see under Early Norwegian Polities
Sogn og Fjordane: see Norwegian counties
Sohawal: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Soissons: see under French Generalities
Soka Gakkai
Sokaogon Chippewa: see Native American Nations
Sokehs: see Federated States of Micronesia traditional states
Sokoto (emirate): see Nigerian traditional states
Sokoto (state): see Nigerian states
Solima: see Guinea traditional states
Solomon Islands
Solør: see under Early Norwegian Polities
Solothurn: see Swiss Cantons
Soltüstik Qazaqstan: see Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions
Somali National Regional State: see Ethiopian national regional states
Somalia
Somaliland: see Somalia
Sonbai Besar: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sonbai Kecil: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sonderbund: see Switzerland
Søndmør: see under Early Norwegian Polities
Søndre Bergenhus: see Hordaland under Norwegian counties
Sonepur (Sonpur): see Indian Princely states K-Z
Songhay: see Niger traditional states
Songhu: see Shanghai: see Provinces of China
Songjiang: see Provinces of China
Songkhla: see under Thailand
Sonora: see Mexican states
Sonsorol: see states of Palau
Soor: see Idar under Indian princely states A-J
Soppeng: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Soppengriaja: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Soran: see Kurdistan under Turkey
Sør-Trøndelag: see Norwegian counties
Souaida: see Jebel Druze under Syria
Souira Guedima: see Aguz: under Morocco
South, Department of: see Haiti 
South Aegean: see Regions of Greece
South Africa
South-African Republic: see Transvaal under South Africa
South Anhui: see Anhui under Provinces of China
South Arabia Federation: see South Yemen under Yemen
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
South `Asir: see Saudi Arabian traditional states
South Atlantic Autonomous Region (Atlantico Sur): see Nicaraguan autonomous regions
South Australia: see Australian states
South Bohemia Region: see Jihoceský under Czech Regions
South Brabant: see Brabant under Belgium Provinces
South Caribbean Islands: see under Grenada
South Carolina: see US states O-R
South Chungcheong: see South Korea Provinces
South of Colombia: see Ecuador
South Dakota: see US states O-R
South Eastern: see Cross River under Nigerian states
South Georgia
South Gyeongsang: see South Korea Provinces
South Holland: see Zuid Holland under Netherlands provinces
South Hsenwi: see Burma Shan and Karen states
South Jeolla: see South Korea Provinces
South Jiangsu: see Jiangsu under Provinces of China
South Kasai: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
South Katanga: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
South Kazakhstan: see Yuzhno-Kazakhstan oblast under Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions
South Kivu: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
South Lebanon: see Lebanon
South Manchurian Railway Zone: see China Foreign Colonies
South Moluccas: see Indonesia
South Moravia see Jihomoravský under Czech Regions
South Orkeny Islands: see British Antarctic Territory
South Ossetia: see Georgia
South Pacific Commission (SPC): see Pacific Community
South Pacific Forum (SPF): see Pacific Islands Forum
South Peru: see Peru
South Prussia: see Prussian provinces
South Sakhalin (1905-1945): see Karafuto under Russia
South Sakhalin oblast: see Sakhalin under Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
South Sandwich Islands: see South Georgia
South Saxons: see Sussex under Anglo-Saxon kingdoms under United Kingdom
South Seas Agency: see Palau
South Shetland Islands: see British Antarctic Territory
South Sudan
South Tyrol: see Italian autonomous regions
South Vietnam: see Vietnam
South West Africa: see Namibia
South Yemen: see Yemen
South Zambesia: see Zimbabwe
Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
Southern: see Sri Lankan provinces
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Southern Africa High Commission Territory: see under Botswana
Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur)
Southern Darfur: see States of The Sudan
Southern District: see Russia administrative divisions
Southern Finland: see Etelä-Suomi/Södra Finland under Finland provinces
Southern Highlands: see Papua New Guinea Provinces
Southern Karelia: see Russian civil war polities
Southern Kordofan: see States of The Sudan
Southern Kurdistan: see Kurdish Region under Iraq
Southern Moravia Region: see Jihomoravský under Czech Regions
Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's State: see Ethiopian national regional states
Southern Netherlands: see Belgium
Southern Nigeria Protectorate: see Nigeria
Southern Ostrobothnia: see Etelä-Pohjanmaa/Södra Österbotten under Finland regions
Southern Provinces: see Nigerian provinces and regions
Southern Rhodesia: see Zimbabwe
Southern Russia government: see Russian civil war polities
Southern Sakhalin: Yuzhnyy-Sakhalin: see: Russian S.F.S.R. divisions 
Southen Savonia: see Etelä-Savo/Södra Savolax under Finland regions
Southern State of Haiti: see Haiti
Southern Sudan: see South Sudan
Southern Ute: see Native American Nations
Southland: see provinces of New Zealand
Southwest Territory: see Tennessee under US states O-R
South-Western Caucasian Democratic Republic: see under Turkey
Southwestern Somalia: see under Somalia
Soviet East Prussia: see Kaliningrad under Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Soviet Far East: see Far Eastern under Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Soviet Union: see Russia
Spain
Spanish Gelders: see Upper Gelders under Netherlands Provinces
Spanish Guinea: see Equatorial Guinea
Spanish Haiti: see Dominican Republic
Spanish Netherlands: see Belgium
Spanish Sahara: see Western Sahara
Spanish Territories in the Gulf of Guinea: see Equatorial Guinea
Spanish West Africa: see Western Sahara
Spetses: see under Greece
Speyer (Speier): see German states before 1918
Spirit Lake Tribe: see Native American Nations
Spitsbergen: see Norway
Splitsko-Dalmatinska (Split-Dalmatia): see Counties of Croatia
Spokane Tribe: Native American Nations
Spratly Islands: see Paracel and Spratly Islands Groups
Squaxin Island: see Native American Nations
Srem-Baranja: see under Croatia
Sri Lanka
Sri Menanti: see Negri Sembilan under Malay states
Srpska Republika: see Bosnia and Hercegovina
Stablo-Malmedy: see Stavelot-Malmédy under Belgium
Stalingrad: see Volgograd under Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Stalino: see Donetsk under Ukraine Admin. Divisions
Standing Rock Sioux: see Native American Nations
Stanislav: see Ivano-Frankivsk under Ukraine Admin. Divisions
Stanislawowskie (Stanislawow): see Poland Voivodships
Statia: see Saint Eustatius
Staten Island: see New York City Boroughs
State of the Garrisons: see Stato dei Presidi under Italian states
States of the Church: see Papal State under Italian states
Stato dei Presidi: see Tuscany under Italian states
Stavanger: see Rogaland under Norwegian counties
Stavelot-Malmédy: see Belgium
Stavropol: see Russia administrative divisions
Stavropol: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Stavropol Soviet Republic: see Russian Civil War states
Steiermark (state): see Austrian states since 1918
Steiermark (Styria): see Austrian crownlands
Steinfurt: see German states before 1918
Stellaland: see South_Africa
Sterea Ellada: see Regions of Greece
Sterlitamak: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Sternstein: see German states before 1918
Stikine (Stickeen) Territory: see under British Colombia under Canada provinces
Stillaguamish: see Native American Nations
Stockbridge-Munsee Community: see Native American Nations
Stockholm (county): see Swedish Counties
Stockholm (city): see Swedish Counties
Stolberg: see German states before 1918
Stolberg-Rossla: see German states before 1918
Stolberg-Stolberg: see German states before 1918
Stolberg-Wernigerode: see German states before 1918
Stoney Band: see Canadian First Nations
Straits Settlements: see Singapore
Strasbourg: see under French Generalities
Strassburg: see German states before 1918
Strathclyde: see Scotland under United Kingdom
Stredoceský: see Regions of the Czech Republic
Stura: see Piedmont under Italian states
Styria: see Austrian crownlands
Styria (Steiermark)(state): see Austrian states since 1918
Subcarpathia: see under Ukraine
Subcarpathian Rus': see Subcarpathia under Ukraine
Subcarpathian Ruthenia: see Subcarpathia under Ukraine
Sucre: see Venezuela states
The Sudan
Sudanese Republic: see Mali
Südbaden: see Baden under German states since 1918
Sudetenland: see under Czech Republic
Sud-Kasai: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
Sud-Katanga: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
Sud-Kivu: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
Südmähren: see under Czech Republic
Südtirol: see Bolzano-Alto Adige under  Italian Regions
Sud-Ubangi: see Congo (Kinshasa) provinces
Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern: see Württemberg-Hohenzollern under German states after 1918
Suez Canal Zone: see Egypt
Sugu: see Jugu under Benin traditional states
Suhaid: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Suhl: see Districts of East Germany
Suining: see Provinces of China
Suiyuan: see Provinces of China
Suji: see Tanganyika traditional states
Sukadana: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sukapura: see Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Suket: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sulawesi: see Sulawesi Selatan under Indonesian provinces
Sulawesi Barat: see Indonesian provinces
Sulawesi Selatan: see Indonesian provinces
Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara: see Sulawesi Selatan under Indonesian provinces
Sulawesi Tengah: see Indonesian provinces
Sulawesi Tenggara: see Indonesian provinces
Sulawesi Utara: see Indonesian provinces
Suleja: see Abuja under Nigerian traditional states
Sulu: see Philippines
Sumatera Barat: see Indonesian provinces
Sumatera Selatan (province): see Indonesian provinces
Sumatera Selatan (state): see Indonesian states 1946-1950
Sumatera Timur: see Indonesian states 1946-1950
Sumatera Utara: see Indonesian provinces
Sumbawa: see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Sumedang: see Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Sumenep: see Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Summit Lake Paiute: see Native American Nations
Sumy: see Ukraine Admin. Divisions
Sun'aq of Kodiak (Shoonaq' of Kodiak): see Native American Nations
Sundem: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Sungai Taras: see Pinangawan successor states: under Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Sungai Ujong: see Malaysian states
Sunkiang: see Songjiang under Provinces of China
Sunpu: see Japanese Domains
Supa (Ajataparang): see Indonesian Princely States Part 2
Suquamish of Port Madison: see Native American Nations
Surakarta: see Mataram successor states under Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Surat (province): see Provinces of British India
Surat (prince): see Indian Princely states K-Z
Surgana: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Surguja: see Indian Princely states K-Z
Surinam: see Suriname
Suriname
Suroasso: see Minangkabau: under Indonesian Princely States Part 1
Susanville Rancheria: see Native American tribes
Sussex see Anglo-Saxon kingdoms under United Kingdom
Susu: see Sierra Leone Traditional States
Suvadive Republic: see under Maldives
Svalbard: see under Norway
Svanet`i: see Svania under Georgia
Svania: see Georgia
Svartsjö: see Counties of Sweden
Sverdlovsk: see Russian administrative divisions
Sverdlovsk: see Russian S.F.S.R. divisions
Svetambara
Swains Island: see under American Samoa
Swartboois: see Kou Goa under Namibian native states
Swat: see Pakistan
Swazieland: see Swaziland
Swaziland

Sweden
Swedish Gold Coast: see under Ghana
Swedish Livonia: see Livonia under Latvia
Swedish Pomerania: see German states before 1918
Swedish Prussia: see under Poland
Swietokrzyskie: see Poland Voivodships from 1999
Swinomish: see Native American Nations
Switzerland
Syonan: see Singapore
Syracuse: see Mayors of US cities
Syria
Sycuan Kumeyaay: see Native American Nations
Syunik (Siunik): see Nagorno-Karabakh under Azerbaijan
Syunik (Siunik) (province): see Armenian Provinces
Szabadka: see Vojvodina under Serbia
Szechwan: see Provinces of China