World Statesmen.org HOME > return to The Netherlands >>

 
 
 







Curaçao

[National flag of the
                          Netherlands]
1634 - 15 Dec 1959
 
[Netherlands
                          Antilles flag, 1959-86]
15 Dec 1959 - 29 Nov 1982
[Curaçao flag
                          1982-1984]
29 Nov 1982 - 2 Jul 1984
[Curaçao flag]
Adopted 2 Jul 1984
   
Map of Curaçao Hear National Anthem
"Wilhelmous van Nassouwe"
(William of Nassau)
Hear Local Anthem
"Himno di Kòrsou
"/
"Volkslied van Curaçao"

(Anthem of Curaçao)
Adopted 1978
Constitution
(10 Oct 2010; in Dutch)
Capital: Willemstad
(Fort Amsterdam 1634-c.1674;
Santa Ana 1539-1634)
Currency: Netherlands
Antillean Guilder (ANG)
National Holiday: 27 Apr (1967)
Koningsdag (King's Day)
---------------------------------------
Local Holiday
: 2 Jul (1984)

Curaçao Dag (Curaçao Day)
Population: 149,648 (2017)
GDP: $3.13 billion (2012) Exports: $1.61 billion (2015)
Imports
: $2.13 billion (2015)
Ethnic groups: mixed black 85%, other 15% (includes Carib
Amerindian, white, East Asian)
Total Dutch Troops: N/A
Defense is the Responsibility of The Netherlands
Merchant marine: 92 ships (2017)
Religions: Roman Catholic 72.8%, Pentecostal 6.6%,
Protestant 3.2%, Adventist 3%, Jehovah's Witness 2%,
Evangelical 1.9%, other 3.8%, none 6%, unspecified 0.6% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: ACS (associate), Caricom (observer), DLU (cooperation), FATF, ILO, Interpol, ITUC, LAP, UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCO, WMO
Curaçao
 Index
Chronology

26 Jul 1499                Discovered and claimed for Spain by Alonso de
                             Ojeda,
named Isla de los Gigantes (Island of the
                             Giants).

1502                       Part of New Andalucia (from 1524, New Granada) as
                             Captaincy of Curaçao (incl. Aruba and Bonaire).
28 Jul 1634                Dutch invasion begun.
21 Aug 1634                Dutch colony.

1634 - 1792                Under Dutch West India Company administration.
1647 - 1664                Part of New Netherland colony (see New York).
30 Jan 1648                Spain recognizes Dutch possession of
Curaçao, Aruba
                             and Bonaire
. 
18 Feb 1713 - 27 Feb 1713  French pirate occupation.

13 Sep 1800 - Jan 1803     British occupation.
 1 Jan 1807 -  4 Mar 1816  British occupation.
1828                       Curaçao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius, 
                             Sint Maarten and Dutch Guiana united as 
                             the Dutch West Indies; with the governor
                             of Dutch Guiana as the governor-general
                             (see Suriname).
27 Jan 1848                Islands united under the name of Curaçao and
                             Dependencies (from 20 Sep 1948, renamed
                             Netherlands Antilles).

29 Dec 1954                Netherlands Antilles an Autonomous part of 
                             The Netherlands.
 1 Jan 1986                Aruba a separate dependency.
19 Nov 1993                In referendum Curaçao votes to remain within 

                             the Netherlands Antilles.
 8 Apr 2005                Referendum supports "status aparte" as a
                             separate entity within The Netherlands by 68%.
 2 Nov 2006                Sint Maarten and Curaçao sign agreement with The
                             Netherlands on 
"status aparte"
28 Nov 2006                Curaçao island council rejects "status aparte"
                             
agreement.
 9 Jul 2007                Curaçao island council accepts "status aparte"
                             
agreement.

15 May 2009                Referendum supports "status aparte" as a separate
                             entity within The Netherlands 52%-48%%.
10 Oct 2010                Curaçao an autonomous country of The Netherlands.

Netherlands Antilles
(1848-2010)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Encomendero and Factors
17 Nov 1526 -  8 Feb 1533  Juan Martínez de Ampués (Ampiés)   (d. 1533)
c.1538                     Pedro de San Martin (steward)
1539 - Sep? 1540           Lázaro de Bejarano                 (b. 1501 - d. 1575)
 4 Jul 1541 - ....         Manuel Mendéz (solicitor)

16.. - 21 Aug 1634         Alonso Lope de López de Morla

Directors
21 Aug 1634 - 1638         Johannes van Walbeeck              (b. 1602 - d. af.1649)
1638 - 1641                Jacob Pietersz. Tolck
1641                       Jan Claesz. van Campen             (d. 1642)
1641 - 1642                Heyndrick Gerritszoon (acting)                
1642 - 1664                Petrus Stuyvesant                  (b. c.1612 - d. 1672)

                             (in New Netherlands from 1647)
1644 - 1655                Lucas Rodenburg (Rodenburch)       (b. 1620 – d. 1655)
                             (vice-director)
                             (acting for Stuyvesant to 1647)
1655 - 1668                Matthias Beck                      (d. 1688)
                             (vice-director to 1664)
1668 - 1669                Willem Beck (1st time)(acting)
14 Sep 1669 - 29 Dec 1669  Ludovicus Boudewijns van Berlicum  (d. 1669)
29 Dec 1669 -  5 Aug 1670  Willem Beck (2nd time)(acting)
 
5 Aug 1670 - 27 Apr 1673  Dirck Otterinck                    (d. 1673)
27 Apr 1673 - 22 Jun 1679  Jan Doncker
1679 - 1683                Nicolaas van Liebergen
20 Jan 1683 - 14 Nov 1685  Joan van Erpecum                   (d. 1685)
1685                       Apero van der Houve (Hoeven)
                             (acting)
1685 - 1686                Willebord van Engelen (acting)
25 Oct 1686 - 11 Jul 1692  Willem Kerckrinck                  (b. 1644 - d. 1692)
1692 - 1693                Gualterus Schagen (acting)
1693 - 19 Apr 1700         Bastiaan Bernagie (acting to 1694) (b. 1663 - d. 1700)
1700 - 1701                Coenraed Burgh, Heer van Kortenhoef(b. 1656 - d. 1701)
24 Mar 1701 -  8 Apr 1704  Nicolaas van Beek
                             (acting to 24 May 1701)
1704                       Jeremias van Collen (1st time)     (d. 1715)
                             (acting)
1704                       Gerard Luls (acting)
1704 - 1708                Jacob Beck
1708                       Jeremias van Collen (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting)
24 Nov 1708 - 31 Oct 1710  Abraham Beck                       (b. 1667 - d. 1710)
1710 - 18 Jan 1715         Jeremias van Collen (3rd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting to 1712)
18 Feb 1713 - 27 Feb 1713  Jacques Cassard -French Commander  (b. 1679 - d. 1740)
1715 - 1720                Jonathan van Beuningen             (b. 1677 - d. 1724)
                             (from 1720, Jan van Beuningen,
                             vrijheer van Zuylenburgh,
                             heer Darthuysen)
(acting to 1716)
  8 Jul 1720 - 18 Sep 1720  Jan van Beuningen                  (b. 1667 - d. 1720)
1720 - 1721                Cornelis Anderman van der Burgh
                           + Juan Pedro van Collen (1st time) (d. 1738)
                           + Frederick Eck
                           (acting)
1721 - 1730                Jan Noach du Faij (Fay)            (b. 1683 - d. 1737) 
1730 - 1738                Juan Pedro van Collen (2nd time)   (s.a.)
16 Sep 1738 - 18 Jul 1740  Jan Gales 
Jul 1740 - 13 Oct 1758     Isaäc Faesch                       (b. 1687 - d. 1758)
14 Oct 1758 - 11 Mar 1761  Jean Isaïe Claris Rodier de la     (b. 1713 - d. ....)
                             Brugière (1st time)(acting)
12 Mar 1761 - 1762         Jacob van Bosveld
1762 - 1781                Jean Isaïe Claris Rodier de la     (s.a.)
                             Brugière (2nd time)
                             (acting to 1764)
1781 - 1782                Jan Lixraaven (Lieutenant director)(d. 1792)
16 Aug 1782 - 10 Aug 1796  Johannes de Veer                   (b. 1738 - d. 1796)
1796                       Jan Jacob Beaujon                  (b. 1756 - d. 1836)
1796 - 1803                Johan Rudolf Lauffer               (b. 1753 - d. 1833)
                             (acting to 1799, civil governor from 1800)
Governors

23 Oct 1800 -  7 Dec 1800  Lord Hugh Seymour                  (b. 1759 - d. 1801)
1800 - 1801                Walter Tremenheere                 (b. 1761 - d. 1855)
1801                       William Carlyon Hughes (1st time)  (b. 1752 - d. 1808)
Jun 1801 - 1802            Arthur Whetham                     (b. 1753 - d. 1813)
1802 - 1803                William Carlyon Hughes (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1803                       Cornelius Berch (acting)
1803                       Cornelis Hubertus Buschman         (b. 1765 - d. 1803)
                             (acting)
1803 - 1804                Abraham de Veer                    (b. 1767 - d. 1838)
10 Sep 1804 -  1 Jan 1807  Pierre Jean Changuion              (b. 1763 - d. 1820)
 
1 Jan 1807 -  9 Jun 1808  Sir Charles Brisbane               (b. 1769 - d. 1829)
 
9 Jan 1807 - 27 Jan 1807  William Henry Bolton               (b. 1767? - d. 1817)
                             (acting for Brisbane)
28 Feb 1807 - 10 Jul 1807  David Baillie
                             (acting for Brisbane)
1807                       David van Guericke                 (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
 3 Sep 1807 - 1808         Micaiah Malbon     

                             (acting for Brisbane)
1808                       Robert Nicholas
                             (acting for Brisbane)
 9 Jun 1808 - 20 May 1809  Sir James Cockburn                 (b. 1771 - d. 1852)
20 May 1809 - 18 Jun 1811  John Thomas Layard                 (b. c.1753 - d. 1813)
18 Jun 1811 - 15 Sep 1814  John Hodgson                       (b. 1757 - d. 1846)
15 Sep 1814 -  4 Mar 1816  John Lecouteur (J.L. Couteur)      (b. 1761 - d. 1835)
Governors-general
 4 Mar 1816 - 18 Dec 1819  Albert Kikkert                     (b. 1761 - d. 1819)
19 Dec 1819 - 20 Jul 1820  Petrus Bernardus van Starckenborgh (b. 1755 - d. 1820)
                             (acting)
20 Jul 1820 - 16 Nov 1820  Isaäc Johannes Rammelman Elsevier  (b. 1770 - d. 1841)
Governor
1820 - 1828                Paulus Roelof Cantz'laar           (b. 1771 - d. 1831)
Director
 
1 Mar 1828 - 15 Apr 1833  Isaäc Johannes Rammelman Elsevier  (s.a.)
Lieutenant governors (gezaghebber)
1833 - 1836                Isaäc Johannes Rammelman Elsevier  (s.a.)
10 Dec 1836 - Apr 1845     Reinier Frederik, baron van Raders (b. 1794 - d. 1868)
 
6 Jul 1842 -  1 Mar 1844  Caspar Lodewijk van Uytrecht       (b. 1790 - d. 1846)
                             (acting for baron van Raders)
Apr 1845 - 20 Dec 1848     Rutgers Hermanus Esser             (b. 1800 - d. 1864)
Governors
20 May 1848 - 15 Apr 1951  
the governors-general of the Netherlands Antilles
Lieutenant governors (gezaghebber)
15 Apr 1951 - Mar 1967     Michaël P. Gorsira                 (b. 1913 - d. 1994)
Mar 1967 - 1968            Willem George Shon Weis de Haseth  (b. 1915)
                             (acting)
Jun 1968 - 22 Apr 1969     Otto R.A. Beaujon                  (b. 1915 - d. 1984)
22 Apr 1969 -  1 Aug 1970  Elias José Morkos                  (b. 1919 - d. 1982)
 
1 Aug 1970 - 1976         Anno Elígio Kibbelaar              (b. 1929 - d. 2005)  
1976 - 1982                Ornelio "Kees" Martina             (b. 1930 - d. 1996)
1982 - 1988                Ronald "Ronny" Anthony Casseres    (b. 1939 - d. 1988)
1988 - 1994                Elmer Raynold Wilsoe               (b. 1943)
 1 Oct 1994 -  1 Oct 2000  Stanley Mario Betrian              (b. 1951)
 
1 Oct 2000 - 10 Oct 2010  Lizanne Marie Richards-Dindial (f) (b. 1957)
Governors
10 Oct 2010 - 24 Nov 2012  Frits Martinus de los Santos       (b. 1951) 
                             Goedgedrag 
27 Sep 2012 - 22 Oct 2012  Adèle van der Pluijm-Vrede (f)     (b. 1952)
                             (acting for Goedgedrag)
24 Nov 2012 -  4 Nov 2013  Adèle van der Pluijm-Vrede (f)     (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 4 Nov 2013 -              Lucille George-Wout (f)            (b. 1950)


Leaders of the government (unofficial post)
1954 - 10 Oct 2010         ....
Prime ministers
10 Oct 2010 - 29 Sep 2012  Gerrit Fransisco Schotte           (b. 1974)            MFK
29 Sep 2012 - 31 Dec 2012  Stanley Mario Betrian (interim)    (s.a.)               Non-party
31 Dec 2012 -  7 Jun 2013  Daniel Hodge                       (b. 1959)            Non-party
 7 Jun 2013 -  1 Sep 2015  Ivar Onno Odwin Asjes              (b. 1970)            PS
 1 Sep 2015 - 23 Dec 2016  Bernard Whiteman                   (b. 1954)
            PS
23 Dec 2016 - 24 Mar 2017  Hensley Felix Koeiman              (b. 1956)            MAN
24 Mar 2017 - 29 May 2017  Gilmar S. "Pik" Pisas              (b. 1971)            MFK
29 May 2017 -              Eugene Rhuggenaath                 (b. 1970)            PAR


Party abbreviations: DP = Demokratische Partij/Partido Democraat (Democratic Party, liberal, est.1944); FOL = Partido Frente Obrero Liberashon 30 Di Mei/Arbeiders Bevrijdingsfront van 30 Mei (Party Workers' Liberation Front 30th of May, socialist, est.5 Jun 1969); MAN = Movimentu Antiyas Nobo (New Antilles Movement, social-democratic, est.6 Feb 1971); MFK = Movementu Futuro Kòrsou/Beweging voor de Toekomst van Curaçao (Movement for the Future of Curaçao, est.Jul 2010); PAR = Partido Antiá Restrukturá/Partij voor Geherstructureerde Antillen (Party for the Restructured Antilles, centrist, est.1993); PLKP = Partido Laboral Krusada Popular/Partij van de Arbeid en de Volksstrijd (Labor Party People's Crusade, progressive, est.1 May 1997); PNP = Partido Nashonal di Pueblo/Nationale Volkspartij (National People's Party, christian-democratic, est.19 Apr 1948); PS = Pueblo Soberano/Onafhankelijk Volk (Sovereign People, nationalist, progressive, pro-independence, est.2005)



Netherlands Antilles
 
[National
                                    flag of the Netherlands]
1634 - 15 Dec 1959 
 
[Netherlands Antilles flag,
                                    1959-86]
15 Dec 1959 - 1 Jan 1986
 
[Netherlands Antilles flag
                                    1986-2010]
1 Jan 1986 - 10 Oct 2010
 
Map of the Netherlands
Antilles
Hear National Anthem
"Wilhelmous van Nassouwe"
(William of Nassau)
Hear Local Anthem
Untitled (2000 - 10 Oct 2010)
--------------------------------
Former Local Anthem
(1964 - 2000)(without lyrics)
Constitution
(29 Dec 1954 - 10 Oct 2010;
in Dutch)
Capital: Willemstad
(Paramaribo 1828-1848)
Currency: 1848-2010
Netherlands
Antillean
 Guilder
(ANG); 1828-1848
Dutch Guilder (NLG)
National Holiday: 30 Apr (1938)
Koninginnedag (Queen's Day)
----------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 1954-95, 2008 -:
 
15 Dec (1954)
Koninkrijksdag
(Kingdom Charter Day)

---------------------------------------
1995-2007: 21 Oct (1975)

Antillendag (Antillean Day)
Population: 227,049 (2010)
GDP: $3.34 billion (2006)
Exports: $3.71 billion (2006)
Imports: $15.7 billion (2006)
Ethnic groups: mixed black/Antillean Creole 81.1%, Dutch 5.3%,
Surinamese 2.9%, East Asian and other 10.7% (2000)
Total Active Dutch Armed Forces: 1,000 (2005)
Defense is the Responsibility of the Netherlands
Merchant marine: 120 ships (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 72%, Pentecostal 4.9%,
Protestant 3.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1%, Methodist 2.9%,
Jehovah's Witnesses 1.7%, other Christian 4.2%,
Jewish 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.2%, none 5.2% (2001) 
International Organizations/Treaties (1948-2010): ACS (associate), AOSIS (observer), Caricom (observer), DLU (candidate), ILO, Interpol, IOC, ITUC, LAP, UNCLOS, UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCO, WMO
Netherlands
Antilles Index
Chronology

1513                       Spanish name the Lesser Antilles Islas Inútiles
                             ("Useless Islands"). 
29 Jul 1634                Curaçao a Dutch possession.
 9 Feb 1635                Bonaire a Dutch possession.
10 May 1636                Aruba a Dutch possession.
1828                       Aruba, BonaireCuraçaoSabaSint Eustatius
                             Sint Maarten, and Dutch Guiana united as 
                             the Dutch West Indies; with the
                             governor of Dutch Guiana (see Suriname)
                             as governor-general.
27 Jan 1848                Islands united under the name of Curaçao and
                             Dependencies.

1922                       Overseas province of the Netherlands.
12 May 1940 - 28 Jan 1942  British (to 6 Jul 1940 French) occupation, Dutch
                             administration continues
.

28 Jan 1942 -  3 Dec 1945  U.S. occupation, Dutch administration continues.
20 Sep 1948                Renamed Netherlands Antilles.
15 Dec 1954                Autonomous part of The Netherlands, end of
                             colonial status.

 1 Jan 1986                Aruba a separate dependency.
19 Nov 1993                In referendum Curaçao votes to remain within 
                             the Netherlands Antilles.
2000/2004/2005             Referendums in Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba and Sint
                             Maarten support a redefined status within The
                             Netherlands, only Sint Eustatius supports
                             remaining within the Netherlands Antilles.
10 Oct 2010                Netherlands Antilles federation dissolved into
                             autonomous Curaçao and St. Maarten and
islands of
                             Bonaire, Saba and St. Eustatius
become special 
                            
municipalities of The Netherlands.

Netherlands
Antilles Islands
Aruba
(to 1986)
Bonaire
Curaçao
Saba
Sint Eustatius
 Sint Maarten
 
  
 

Governor-generals
20 May 1828 - 27 Jan 1848  the governors of Suriname 
Governors
27 Jan 1848 - 20 Dec 1848  Rutgers Hermanus Esser              (b. 1800 - d. 1864]

20 Dec 1848 - 28 Apr 1854  Jonkheer Isaäc Johannes Rammelman   (b. 1802 - d. 1877)
                             Elsevier, Jr.
28 Apr 1854 - 25 Feb 1856  Jacob Bennebroek Gravenhorst        (b. 1802 - d. 1859)
                             (acting)
28 Feb 1856 - 13 Jul 1859  Reinhart Frans van Lansberge        (b. 1804 - d. 1873)
13 Jul 1859 - 16 Apr 1866  Johannes Didericus Crol             (b. 1806 - d. 1870)
16 Apr 1866 - 24 Nov 1870  Abraham Mathieu de Rouville         (b. 1813 - d. 1881)
24 Nov 1870 -  1 May 1877  Herman François Gerardus Wagner     (b. 1822 - d. 1904)
                             (acting to 5 Apr 1871)
 1 May 1877 -  1 Oct 1880  Hendrik Bernardus Kip               (b. 1823 - d. 1897)
10 Oct 1880 - 18 Oct 1882  Johannes Herbert August Willem,     (b. 1829 - d. 1893)
                             baron van Heerdt tot Eversberg
18 Oct 1882 -  6 May 1890  Nicolaas van den Brandhof           (b. 1834 - d. 1904)
 8 May 1890 - 24 Aug 1901  Charles Augustinus Henry Barge      (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
24 Aug 1901 - 11 Sep 1901  Theodorus Isaak Andreas Nuyens      (b. 1859 - d. 1923)
                             (1st time)(acting)
11 Sep 1901 - 16 Oct 1909  Jonkheer Jan Olpbert de Jong van    (b. 1863 - d. 1935)
                             Beeken Donk
23 Jul 1904 - 16 Oct 1904  Caspar Statius Muller               (b. 1862 - d. 1936)
                             (acting for de Jong)
16 Oct 1909 - 26 Mar 1919  Theodorus Isaak Andreas Nuyens      (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
27 Mar 1919 - 10 Jun 1919  John Brown Gorsira (1st time)       (b. 1865 - d. 1927)
                             (acting)
10 Jun 1919 - 24 Jun 1921  Oscar Louis Helfrich                (b. 1860 - d. 1958)
24 Jun 1921 - 13 Oct 1921  John Brown Gorsira (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)
13 Oct 1921 - 31 Aug 1928  Nikolaas Johannes Laurentius        (b. 1874 - d. 1948)
                             Brantjes
 3 Aug 1924 -  9 Nov 1924  John Brown Gorsira (3rd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting for Brantjes)
26 May 1927 - 30 Nov 1927  Herman Bernard Cornelis Schotborgh  (b. 1883 - d. 1950)
                             (1st time)(acting for Brantjes)
31 Aug 1928 - 30 Jan 1929  Marinus van Dijk (acting)
30 Jan 1929 -  3 Oct 1929  Leonard Albert Fruytier             (b. 1882 - d. 1972)
                             (hostage of Rafael Simón Urbina 8-9 Jun 1929)
 3 Oct 1929 - 20 Feb 1930  Herman Bernard Cornelis Schotborgh  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting)
20 Feb 1930 - 22 Jun 1936  Bartholomeus Wouther Theodorus      (b. 1882 - d. 1956)
                             van Slobbe (acting to 11 Mar 1930)
 7 Aug 1933 - 21 Dec 1933  Herman Bernard Cornelis Schotborgh  (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)(acting for van Slobbe)
22 Jun 1936 - 13 Jul 1936  Frans Adrianus Jas, Jr. (1st time)
                             (acting)
13 Jul 1936 - 15 Jul 1942  Gielliam Johannes Josephus Wouters  (b. 1883 - d. 1973)
15 Jul 1942 -  1 Jul 1948  Petrus "Piet" Albertus Kasteel      (b. 1901 - d. 2003)
30 Oct 1946 - 14 Dec 1946  Frans Adrianus Jas, Jr. (2nd time)
                             (acting for Kasteel)
 
1 Jul 1948 -  4 Aug 1948  Cornelius Süthoff (acting)
 4 Aug 1948 - 30 Mar 1951  Leonard Antoon Hubert Peters        (b. 1900 - d. 1984)
30 Mar 1951 -  7 Jun 1951  Frans Adrianus Jas, Jr. (3rd time)
                             (acting)
 7 Jun 1951 - 27 Oct 1956  Antoon "Teun" Struiken              (b. 1906 - d. 1977)
                             (from 16 Jun 1953, Antoon "Teun" Struycken) 
27 Oct 1956 - 24 Apr 1957  Frans E.J. van der Valk (acting)
24 Apr 1957 -  1 Jun 1961  Antonius Bernardus Speekenbrink     (b. 1905 - d. 1978)
 1 Jun 1961 - 11 Aug 1962  Christiaan Winkel (acting)          (b. 1899 - d. 1962)
11 Aug 1962 - 10 Sep 1962  Aldert Pieter Jan van Bruggen       (b. 1925 - d. 1980)
                             (acting)
10 Sep 1962 -  1 Jun 1970  Nicolaas Cola Debrot                (b. 1902 - d. 1981)
24 Feb 1970 - 15 Apr 1970  Willem Frederik Meinhardt Lampe     (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
                             (acting for Debrot)
 1 Jun 1970 - 16 May 1983  Bernadito "Ben" M. Leito            (b. 1923)

16 May 1983 -  5 Oct 1983  Julius Beaujon (acting)
 5 Oct 1983 - 15 Jan 1990  René Antonio Römer                  (b. 1929 - d. 2003)
15 Jan 1990 -  1 Jul 2002  Jaime M. Saleh                      (b. 1941)
 1 Jul 2002 - 10 Oct 2010  Frits Martinus de los Santos        (b. 1951) 
                             Goedgedrag

Chairmen of the College of General Administration
21 Aug 1948 - 10 May 1949  A.G. Statius Muller
10 May 1949 - 14 Jul 1949  Moises Frumencio da Costa Gomez     (b. 1907 - d. 1966)  NVP-PNP
14 Jul 1949 - 17 Aug 1950  Lindoro Cristoffel Kwartsz          (b. 1873 - d. 1959)  NVP-PNP
17 Aug 1950 - 18 Apr 1951  Nicolaas "Cola" Debrot              (b. 1902 - d. 1981)  NVP-PNP
Chairmen of the Council of Government
18 Apr 1951 -  8 Dec 1954  Moises Frumencio da Costa Gomez     (s.a.)               NVP-PNP
 8 Dec 1954 - 15 Dec 1954  Efraïn F. Jonckheer                 (b. 1917 - d. 1987)  DP
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers (Prime ministers)
15 Dec 1954 - 14 Feb 1968  Efraïn F. Jonckheer                 (s.a.)               DP
14 Feb 1968 - Sep 1969     Ciro Domenico Kroon                 (b. 1916 - d. 2001)  NVP-PNP
Sep 1969 - Dec 1969        Gerald Cornelis Sprockel            (b. 1919 - d. 1999) 
Dec 1969 - Feb 1971        Ernesto Otilio Petronia             (b. 1916 - d. 1992)  PPA
Feb 1971 - Jun 1971        Ramez "Ronchi" Jorge Isa (1st time) (b. 1917 - d. 2005)  DP
Jun 1971 - Oct 1972        Otto R.A. Beaujon                   (b. 1915 - d. 1984)  NVP-PNP
Oct 1972 - Dec 1973        Ramez "Ronchi" Jorge Isa (2nd time) (s.a.)               DP
20 Dec 1973 - 30 Sep 1977  Juan Miguel Gregorio Evertsz        (b. 1923 - d. 2008)  NVP-PNP
1977                       Lucinda da Costa Gomez-Matheeuws (f)(b. 1929 - d. 2017)  NVP-PNP
1977 - 14 Oct 1977         Leo A.I. Chance                     (b. 1932)            WIPM
14 Oct 1977 -  6 Jul 1979  Sylvius "Silvio" Gerard Marie       (b. 1928 - d. 2003)  DP
                             Rozendal 
 6 Jul 1979 - Dec 1979     Miguel Arcangel Pourier (1st time)  (b. 1938 - d. 2013)  UPB
Dec 1979 - 18 Sep 1984     Dominico F. Martina (1st time)      (b. 1935)            MAN
18 Sep 1984 -  1 Jan 1986  Maria Liberia-Peters (f) (1st time) (b. 1941)            NVP-PNP
 1 Jan 1986 - 17 May 1988  Dominico F. Martina (2nd time)      (s.a.)               MAN
17 May 1988 - 25 Nov 1993  Maria Liberia-Peters (f) (2nd time) (s.a.)               NVP-PNP
25 Nov 1993 - 28 Dec 1993  Susanne Fransisca Coromoto          (b. 1959)            NVP-PNP
                             Camelia-Römer (f) (1st time) 
28 Dec 1993 - 31 Mar 1994  Alejandro "Jandi" Felippe Paula     (b. 1937)            NVP-PNP
31 Mar 1994 - 14 May 1998  Miguel Arcangel Pourier (2nd time)  (s.a.)               PAR
14 May 1998 -  8 Nov 1999  Susanne Fransisca Coromoto          (s.a.)               NVP-PNP
                             Camelia-Römer (f) (2nd time) 
 8 Nov 1999 -  3 Jun 2002  Miguel Arcangel Pourier (3rd time)  (s.a.)               PAR
 3 Jun 2002 - 22 Jul 2003  Etienne Ys (1st time)               (b. 1962)            PAR 
22 Jul 2003 - 11 Aug 2003  Bernhard "Ben" Komproe              (b. 1942 - d. 2004)  FOL
11 Aug 2003 -  3 Jun 2004  Mirna Louisa-Godett (f)             (b. 1954)            FOL
 3 Jun 2004  (hours)       Errol Antonio Cova                  (b. 1943)            PLKP
                             (acting for Godett) 
 3 Jun 2004 - 26 Mar 2006  Etienne Ys (2nd time)               (s.a.)               PAR
26 Mar 2006 - 10 Oct 2010  Emily S. de Jongh-Elhage (f)        (b. 1946)            PAR
 

Commanders of Allied Forces
- in Aruba and Sint Maarten - 

12 May 1940 - 18 May 1940  Pierre Frédéric Henri Goybet
       (b. 1887 - d. 1963)
                             (France)
18 May 1940 -  6 Jul 1940  .... (France)
- in Curaçao (and from 6 Jul 1940, Aruba) -

12 May 1940 - 28 Jan 1942  Willem van den Donker (Netherlands) (b. 1893 - d. 1971)

Commanders of All Forces Aruba-Curaçao (CAFAC)
(all from U.S.)

28 Jan 1942 – Feb 1942     Peter C. Bullard                    (b. 1892 – d. 1972)
Feb 1942 –  1 Jul 1942     Jesse Bartlett Oldendorf            (b. 1887 – d. 1974)
Jul 1942 – Apr 1943        Arthur Granville Robinson           (b. 1892 – d. 1967)
27 Apr 1943 – Jul 1944     Theodore Edson Chandler             (b. 1894 – d. 1945)
25 Jul 1944 – 13 May 1945  Frank Edmund Beatty                 (b. 1894 – d. 1976)
13 May 1945 –  3 Dec 1945  L.W. Busboy

Party abbreviations: DP = Demokratische Partij/Partido Democraat (Democratic Party, liberal, Curaçao, est.1944); FOL = Partido Frente Obrero Liberashon 30 Di Mei/Arbeiders Bevrijdingsfront van 30 Mei (Party Workers' Liberation Front 30th of May, socialist, Curacao, est.5 Jun 1969); MAN = Movementu Antiyas Nobo (New Antilles Movement, social-democratic, Curaçao, est.6 Feb 1971); NVP-PNP = Nationale Volkspartij/Partido Nashonal di Pueblo (National People's Party, christian-democratic, Curaçao, est.19 Apr 1948); PAR = Partido Antiá Restrukturá/Partij voor Geherstructureerde Antillen (Party for the Restructured Antilles, centrist, Curaçao, est.1993); PDB = Partido Demokrátiko Boneiriano/Democratische Partij Bonaire (Democratic Party of Bonaire, social-democratic, est.1954); PLKP = Partido Laboral Krusada Popular/Partij van de Arbeid en de Volksstrijd (Labor Party People's Crusade, progressive, Curaçao, est.1 May 1997); PPA = Partido Patriótico Arubano/Arubaanse Patriottische Partij (Patriotic Party of Aruba, social democratic, opposed full Aruban independence, est.23 Oct 1949); UPB = Union Patritiko Boneiriano/Unión Patriótico Bonairano/Vaderlandslievende Unie van Bonaire (Patriotic Union of Bonaire, Bonaire regionalist, christian democratic, est.1969); WIPM = Windward Islands People's Movement/Volksbeweging van de Benedenwindse Eilanden (Saba regionalist, est.1970)







 © Ben Cahoon