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Princely States of India A-J 


Note: The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and 40% were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British. 
   Except for some states that were extinguished in the 19th century (Arkat, Assam, Awadh, Kodagu, Mahratta states, Paρjab, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely") states that acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. If no date of accession is noted, 15 Aug 1947 is understood. This list is selective, there were 584 states when Britain granted the Indian independence 15 Aug 1947; about 210 are listed here. However, only "states" are included; "estates" (jagir), "estate revenue grants" (thikana), and "land grants" (zamindari) are excluded, no matter how prominent and/or titled their their jagirdars, thakurs, or zamindars were. Obsolete but once official English-language names  of the polities are given in parentheses, i.e., Awadh (Oudh). The princely states of India entered into protectorate/tributary relations with Britain by the end of the 19th century, where exact dates are known they are noted. The phrase "British India" is used for U.K. colonial possessions even before 1858, for brevity.

Ahmadnagar: see Idar


Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)

[Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)]

Capital: Ajaygarh
 (Ajaigarh)

Population: 96,596 (1941)
 53,000
(1871) 

1731                       Ajaygarh state founded.
 
8 Jul 1807                British protectorate.
1855 - 1859                Occupied by British India.

Rajas
1731 - 1758                Jagat Raja
1758 - 1765                Pahar Singh                        (d. 1765)
1765 - 1792                Guman Singh                        (d. 1792)
1792 - 1793                Bakht Singh (1st time)             (b. 17.. - d. 1837)
1793 - 1802                `Ali Bahadur (usurper)
1802 - 1804                Shamsher Bahadur (usurper)
1804 - 1807                Lakshman Dada (usurper)
1807 - 21 Jun 1837         Bakht Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1837 - 1849                Madho Singh                        (d. 1849)
1849 - 22 Jun 1853         Mahipat Singh                      (d. 1853)
1853 - 12 Sep 1855         Bijai Singh                        (d. 1855)
12 Sep 1855 -  4 Sep 1859  Interregnum
 4 Sep 1859 -  1 Jan 1877  Ranjor Singh                       (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
1858 - 1868                Rajmata of Ajaygarh (f) -Regent
Rulers (title Sawai Maharaja)
 1 Jan 1877 - 1919         Ranjor Singh                       (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1897, Sir Ranjor Singh)
 7 Jun 1919 - 1942         Bhopal Singh                       (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
11 Jul 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Punya Pratap Singh                 (b. 1884 - d. 1958)



Akkalkot (Akalkot)

[Akalkot]

Capital: Akkalkot
Population: 82,047 (1901)

 7 Jul 1708                Akkalkot founded as a fief of Satara.
1848                       Akkalkot recognized as a state.
1866 - 1896                British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.

Rajas
 7 Jul 1708 - 1757         Fattehsingh Rao I Bhonsle          (d. 1757)
1757 - 1789                Shahaji Rao I Fattehsingh Rao      (d. 1789)
                             Bhonsle "Baba Sageb Raje"
1789 - 1822                Fattehsingh Rao II Shahaji Rao     (b. 1770 - d. 1822)
                             Bhonsle "Aba Saheb Raje"
1822 - 1828                Maloji Rao I Fattehsingh Rao       (b. 1803 - d. 1828)
                             Bhonsle "Baba Saheb Raje"
1828 - 1857                Shahaji Rao II Maloji Rao Bhonsle  (b. 1821 - d. 1857)
                             "Appa Saheb Raje"
1828 - 1830                Pratapsinha "Bowa Sahib" of        (b. 1793 - d. 1847)
                             Satra -Regent
1830 - 1838                Jameson -Regent
1857 - 1870                Maloji Rao II Shahaji Rao Bhonsle  (b. 1838 - d. 1870)
                             "Bhuwa Saheb Raje"
1866 - 1867                Mahadeo Govind Ranade -Regent      (b. 1842 - d. 1901)
1867 - 1870                .... -Regent
1870 - 31 Dec 1896         Shahaji Rao III Maloji Rao Bhonsle (b. 1867 - d. 1896)
                             "Baba Saheb Raje"
1870 - Nov 1891            .... -Regent
31 Dec 1896 -  4 Apr 1923  Fattehsingh Rao III Bhonsle        (b. 1894 - d. 1923)
31 Dec 1896 - 20 Aug 1916  Rani Lakshmibai Raje Bhonsle (f)-Regent
 4 Apr 1923 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayasingh Rao Bhonsle            (b. 1915 - d. 1952)
 4 Apr 1923 - 27 Feb 1936  Rani Tarabai Bhonsle (f) -Regent   (b. 1899 - d. 1942)



Alipura

1757                       State founded.
1808                       Named Alipura

Rulers (title Rao)
1757 - 1790                Achal Singh                       (d. 1790)
1790 - 1835                Pratap Singh
1835 - 1840                Pancham Singh
1840 - 1841                Daulat Singh
1841 - 1871                Hindupat Singh                    (d. 1871)

 3 Nov 1871 - 1922         Chhatrapati Singh                 (b. 1853 - d. 1922)
26 Mar 1922 - Nov 1934     Harpal Singh                      (b. 1882 - d. 1934)
                             (regent 1919 - 1922)
Nov 1934 - 1934            Bhopal Singh Ju Deo
1934 - 15 Aug 1947         Raghuraj Singh Ju Deo             (b. 1901 - d. 1987)  



Ali Rajpur

[Ali Rajpur]

Capital: Rajpur
Population: 112,754 (1941)
 101,963
(1931) 

1437                       Ali Rajpur (Alirajpur) state founded.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Dip Deo
.... - ....                Pahad Deo I               
.... - ....                Udai Deo
.... - 1765                Pahad Deo II                       (d. 1765)
1765 - 1818                Pratap Singh I                     (d. 1818)
1818                       Musafir Mekran (usurper)
1818 - 17 Mar 1862         Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1818 - d. 1862)
1818 - 1839                Musafir Mekran -Manager
1862 - 1869                Gang Deo                           (b. c.1845 - d. 1871)
1869 - 29 Oct 1881         Rup Deo                            (b. 1847 - d. 1881)
1869 - 1873                Muhammad Najaf Khan -Superintendent
1881 - 16 Aug 1890         Bijai Singh                        (b. 1881 - d. 1890)
16 Aug 1890 - 14 Feb 1891  Interregnum
14 Feb 1891 - 1911         Pratap Singh II                    (b. 1881 - d. af.1950)
                             (installed Mar 1892)  
Rajas
1911 - 1941                Pratap Singh II                    (s.a.)
                             (from 3 Jun 1933, Sir Pratap Singh II)
                             (personal style of Maharaja from 1941)
1941 - 23 Oct 1941         Fateh Singh                        (b. 1904 - d. 1941)
23 Oct 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1923 - d. 1996)
23 Oct 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Pratap Singh -Regent           (s.a.)



Alwar

[Alwar (India)
                          c.1775-1931]
                           c.1775 - 1931
[Alwar (India)
                          1931-1947]
                               1931 - 1947

23 Nov 1775                Alwar state founded (previously part of Jaipur).
14 Nov 1803                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao Raja)
23 Nov 1775 - 26 Sep 1791  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1740 - d. 1791)
                             (personal style Maharao Rana Shri Sawai)
26 Sep 1791 - 27 Jan 1815  Bakhtawar Singh                    (b. 1779 - d. 1815)
27 Jan 1815 - 30 Jul 1857  Banni Singh                        (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
                           - jointly with following -
1815 - 1826                Balvant Singh                      (b. 1808 - d. 1845)
30 Jul 1857 - 11 Oct 1874  Sheodan Singh                      (b. 1845 - d. 1874)
1858 - 1863                Thakur Lakhdhir Singh -Regent      (d. 1876)
11 Oct 1874 - Apr 1889     Mangal Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1892)
                             (from 1 Jan 1886, Sir Mangal Singh)
11 Oct 1874 - Dec 1877    
the political agent -Regent
Maharajas

Apr 1889 - 22 May 1892     Sir Mangal Singh                   (s.a.)
22 May 1892 - 19 May 1937  Jai Singh (exiled from 1933)       (b. 1882 - d. 1937)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Jai Singh)
22 May 1892 - 10 Dec 1903  the political agent -
Regent
19 May 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Tej Singh (installed 22 Jul 1937)  (b. 1911 - d. 2009)
                             (from 2 Jun 1943, Sir Tej Singh)



Amarnagar

17 Sep 1883                Thana Devli State, known as Amarnagar, founded.

Rulers (title Darbar)
17 Sep 1883 - 12 May 1922  Laksman Meran                      (b. 1849 - d. 1922)
12 May 1922 - 12 Oct 1922  Regency
12 Oct 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Amra Laskman                       (b. 1895 - d. 1960)


Amb (Tanawal State): see Pakistani Princely States

Amber: see Jaipur

Ambliara (Ambalaria)

[Ambliara state
                flag (India)]

c.1619                     Ambliara (Ambalaria, Ambaliyara) state founded.

 
Rulers (title Thakur Shri Maan)

1689 - 1724                Roop Singhji
1724 - 1773                Moghaji
1773 - 1796                Bhalji
1796 - 1814                Bhathhiji                          (d. 1814)
1814 - 1838                Nathu Singhji                      (b. 1799 - d. 1838)
1838 - 1876       
        Amar Singhji                       (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
1838 - 1858                Regency
23 Apr 1876 -  7 Mar 1908  Jhalamsinghji Amarsinghji          (b. 1860 - d. 1908)
 7 Mar 1908 - 1947         Keshrisinghji Jalamsinghji         (b. 1887 - d. 1963)



Angul 

16 Sep 1848                Annexed to British India.

Rajas
.... - ....                Dhanujjaya Singh Jagadeo
.... - ....                Nityananda Singh Jagadeo
1803                       Krishna Chandra Singh Jagadeo      (d. 1803)
1803 - 1806                Achala Man Singh Jagadeo
1806 - 1809                Jarawar Singh                      (d. 1809)
1809                       Jaya Singh                         (d. 1809)
1809 - 1813                Prithvi Singh
1814 - 1848                Somanath Singh                     (b. 1800 - d. 18..)


Arakan: see under Burma


Arkat (Arcot/Carnatic)

[Arcot]

1692                       State of Arkat (Arcot) also called, Karnataka (Carnatic)
                             after the region it dominated, founded (initially under Haydarabad).
10 Feb 1763                Recognized by the Treaty of Paris as an independent ruler
                             (recognized by the Emperor in Delhi 26 Aug 1765).
26 Jul 1801                Arkat is de facto absorbed by the U.K. colonial government.
 7 Oct 1855                State extinguished, annexed to British India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1692 - 1703                Zulfikar Ali Khan
1703 - 1710                Daud Khan
1710 - 1732                Mohammad Saadatullah Khan I
1732 - 1740                Dost Ali Khan                      (d. 1740)
1740 - 1742                Safdar Ali Khan                    (d. 1742)
1742 - 1744                Mohammad Saadatullah Khan II       (d. 1746)
1744 - 31 Jul 1749         Anwaruddin Mohammad Khan           (b. c.1672 - d. 1749)
31 Jul 1749 - 16 Oct 1795  Mohammad Ali Khan                  (b. 1717 - d. 1795)
16 Oct 1795 - 15 Jul 1801  Omdat al-Omara                     (b. 1748 - d. 1801)
15 Jul 1801 -  2 Aug 1819  Azim al-Dowla                      (b. 1775 - d. 1819)
 2 Aug 1819 - 12 Nov 1825  Azam Jah                           (b. 1797 - d. 1825)
12 Nov 1825 -  7 Oct 1855  Gholam Mohammad Ghows Khan         (b. 1824 - d. 1855)
12 Nov 1825 - 25 Aug 1842  Azim Jah Bahadur -Regent           (b. 1800 - d. 1874)



Assam

1228                       The Ahom people (Ahom is a dialectal version of Assam).
                             found a state, frequently under Burmese suzerainty.
Mar 1817 - Apr 1817
       Occupied by Burma.
Mar 1819 - Jun 1825        Occupied by Burma.
1824 - 1826                Occupied by Britain.
24 Feb 1826                Burma formally cedes Assam to Britain
                             (incorporated in Bengal).
1832 - Oct 1838            A briefly revived Ahom state in Upper Assam.

Rajas
1679 - 1681                Lora Rojaa Sulikphaa Ratnadhwaj    (d. 1681)
1681 - Feb 1696            Gadapani Supaatphaa Gadadhar Singh (d. 1796)
1696 - 1714                Sukhrungphaa Rudra Singh           (d. 1714) 
1714 - 1744                Sutanphaa Siva Singh (Xiba Xingha) (d. 1744)
1744 - 1751                Sunenphaa P
ramatta Singh           (d. 1751) 
1751 - 1769                Suramphaa Rajesvar Singh           (d. 1769)
1769 - 1780                Sunyeopha Lakshmi Singh
1780 - 1792                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha 
                             Juvaraja (1st time)
1792 - 1793                Baratha Singh Mahamari (1st time)
1793 - 1796                Sarvananda Singh
1796                       Baratha Singh Mahamari (2nd time)
1796 - 1808                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha 
                             Juvaraja (2nd time)
1808 - 1811                Suklingpha Kamaleshvarasimha       (d. 1811)
1811 - 1818                Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (d. 182.)
                             Narendra (1st time)
1818 -  9 Mar 1819         Purendrasimha Narendra (1st time)
Mar 1819 - Apr 1821        Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (2nd time) 
Apr 1821 - 1822            Yogeshvarasimha (1st time)
1822 - 21 Jun 1822         Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (3rd time)
21 Jun 1822 - 1825         Mingyi Maha Thilawa -Burmese official  
1822 - 24 Feb 1826         Yogeshvarasimha (2nd time)
1832 - Oct 1838            Purendrasimha Narendra (2nd time)

British Commanders
1824                       George McMorine                    (b. 1763 - d. 1824)       
1824 - 1826                Arthur Richards
British Agent
1832 - 1838                Adam White                         (b. 1790 - d. 1839)  



Athgarh

1178                       Athgarh state founded.

Rajas
1681 - 1709                Karan Narayana Bawarta Patnaik
1709 - 1741                Karan Rama Krishna Bawarta Patnaik
1741 - 1771                Karan Debia Singh Bawarta Patnaik
1771 - 1821                Karan Gopinath Bawarta Patnaik
1821 - 1825                Karan Krishna Chandra Bawarta Patnaik
1825 - 1837                Karan Rama Chandra Bawarta 
1837 - 1862                Karan Bhubaneswar Bawarta Patnaik
1862 - 1869                Karan Jagunath Bawarta Patnaik II  (d. 1869)
1869 - 1893                Karan Bhagirathi Bawarta Patnaik   (b. c.1844 - d. 1893)
1893 - 25 Jan 1896         Karan Raghunath Bawarta Patnaik    (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
25 Jan 1896 - 22 Jun 1918  Karan Vishvanath Bawarta Patnaik   (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
25 Jan 1896 - 1908         .... -Regent
22 Jun 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Karan Radhanath Bawarta Patnaik    (b. 1909 - d. ....)
22 Jun 1918 -  5 Sep 1932  .... -Regent



Athmallik (Athmalik)

1874                       Athmallik estate (jagir) is recognized as a state.

Rajas
1874 -  4 Feb 1877         Jogendra Samant                     (b. 1821 - d. 1877)
 4 Feb 1877 -  2 Nov 1901  Mahendra Deo Samant                 (b. c.1848 - d. 1901)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1890)
  2 Nov 1901 -  3 Nov 1918  Bibhendra Deo Samant                (b. 1874 - d. 1918)
 3 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Samant           (b. 1904 - d. c.1971)
 3 Nov 1918 - 24 Dec 1925  
L.E.B. Cobden-Ramsay -Regent



Aundh

[Aundh]

1699                       Aundh state founded.
1806 - 1818                Administered by Peshwa.

Rulers (title Pant Pratinidhi)
1699 - 27 May 1718         Parusharam Trimbak                 (b. 1660 - d. 1718)
1718 - 25 Nov 1746         Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (d. 1746)
                             "Shripat Rao"
1746 - 1749                Jagjivanrao Parashuram "Dadobha"   (d. 1754)
                             (1st time)
1749 - 1752                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (1st time)  (d. 1777)
1752 - 1754                Jagjivanrao Parashuram "Dadobha"   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1754 - 1762                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1762                       Bhaskarrao                         (d. 1762)
1763 - 1765                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (3rd time)  (s.a.)
1766 -  5 Apr 17
76         Bhagwantrao Trimbak                (d. 1776)
1776 - 30 Aug 1777         Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (4th time)  (s.a.)
                             (in rebellion from 1765, then co-ruler 1768-1776)
30 Aug 1777 - 11 Jun 1848  Parashuramrao Shrinivas            (b. 1777 - d. 1848)
                             "Thoto Pant"
                             (Peshwa prisoner 1806-1818)
11 Jun 1848 - 1901         Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (b. 1833 - d. 1901)
                             "Anna Sahib"
1901 - 1905                Parashuramrao Shrinivas
                             "Dada Sahib"                     (b. 1858 - d. 1905)
 3 Nov 1905 -  4 Nov 1909  Gopalkrishnarao Parashuram
                             "Nana Sahib"
 4 Nov 1909 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhavanrao Shrinivas "Bala Sahib"   (b. 1868 - d. 1951)

Prime minister
1944 - 1948                Parshuram Rao Pant                 (b. 1912 - d. 1992) 



Avuku

1473                       Avuku state
1805                       Annexed to Haydarabad.

Rulers
1691 - 1735                Pedda Kumara Raghava
1735 - 1737                Appa Naransinha
1737 - 1739                Shellama
1739 - 1743                Narasinha II
1743 - 1751                Kishama
1751 - 1759                Olajapati II
1759 - 1767                Kumara Raghava
1767 - 1771                Venkata Narasinha
1771 - 1785                Narayana
1785 - 1805                Krishna



Awadh (Oudh)

[Awadh (Oudh)]
                 c.1842 - 13 Feb 1856

1732                       A senior official of the Mughal Empire establishes a
                             hereditary polity (under Mughal sovereignty) in Awadh (Oudh).
 1 May 1816                British protectorate.
 8 Oct 1819                The ruler takes the style of padshah (king), signaling 
                             formal independence.
 7 Feb 1856                King deposed and Awadh incorporated into British India.
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Brief rebellion by son of deposed king.

Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
1732 - 19 Mar 1739         Borhan al-Molk Mir Mohammad Amin
                             Musawi Sa`adat `Ali Khan I       (b. c.1680 - d. 1739)
19 Mar 1739 - 28 Apr 1748  Abu΄l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan
                             (1st time)                       (b. c.1708 - d. 1754)
Ruler (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
28 Apr 1748 - 13 May 1753  Abu΄l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (acting to 29 Jun 1748)
Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
 5 Nov 1753 -  5 Oct 1754  Abu΄l Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 5 Oct 1754 - 15 Feb 1762  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (b. 1732 - d. 1775)
                             Haydar 
Rulers (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
15 Feb 1762 - 26 Jan 1775  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (s.a.)
                             Haydar 
26 Jan 1775 - 21 Sep 1797  Asaf ad-Dowla Amani                (b. 1748 - d. 1797)
21 Sep 1797 - 21 Jan 1798  Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan              (b. 1780 - d. 1817)
21 Jan 1798 - 11 Jul 1814  Yamin ad-Dowla Nazem al-Molk
                             Sa`adat `Ali Khan II Bahadur     (b. bf.1752 - d. 1814)
11 Jul 1814 - 19 Oct 1818  Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla      (b. 1769 - d. 1827)
                             Abu΄l-Mozaffar Haydar Khan
Kings (title Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman)
19 Oct 1818 - 19 Oct 1827  Ghazi ad-Din Mo`izz ad-Din         (s.a.)
                             Abu΄l-Mozaffar Haydar Shah 
19 Oct 1827 -  7 Jul 1837  Naser ad-Din Haydar Solayman       (b. 1803 - d. 1837)
                             Jah Shah 
 7 Jul 1837 - 17 May 1842  Mo`in ad-Din Abu΄l-Fath Mohammad   (b. 1777 - d. 1842)
                             `Ali Shah 
17 May 1842 - 13 Feb 1847  Naser ad-Dowla Amjad `Ali Thorayya (b. 1801 - d. 1847)
                             Jah Shah 
13 Feb 1847 -  7 Feb 1856  Naser ad-Din `Abd al-Mansur        (b. 1822 - d. 1887)
                             Mohammad Wajed `Ali Shah 
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Berjis Qadr (in rebellion)         (b. 1845? - d. 1893)

British Residents (Agents) in Lucknow
1773 - 1774                Nathaniel Middleton (1st time)     (b. 1750 - d. 1807)
1774 - 1776                John Bristow (1st time)            (b. 1750 - d. 1802)
1776 - 1779                Nathaniel Middleton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1779 - 1780                Charles H. Purling
1780 - 1781                John Bristow (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1781 - 1782                Nathaniel Middleton (3rd time)     (s.a.)
1782 - 31 Dec 1783         John Bristow (3rd time)            (s.a.)
1784 - 1793                Edward Otto Ives                   (b. 1754 - d. 1809) 
1793 - 1796                George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)
1796 - 1799                John Lumsden 
1799 - 1804                William Scott                      (b. 1754? - d. 1804) 
1804 - 11 Jun 1807         John Ulrich Collins                (b. 1752 - d. 1807)
1807 - 1815                John Baillie                       (b. 1772 - d. 1833)
1815 - 1817                Richard Charles Strachey           (b. 1781 - d. 1847)
1818 - 1820                J.R. Monckton                      (d. 1857) 
1820 - 1823                Felix Vincent Raper                (d. 1849)
1823 - 1827                Mordaunt Ricketts                  (b. 1786 - d. 1862)
1829 - 1831                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1831 - 1842                John Low                           (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
1839 - 1841                James Caulfield (acting for Low) 
1842 - 1843                William Nott                       (b. 1782 - d. 1845)
Dec 1843 - 1844            George Pollock                     (b. 1786 - d. 1872)
Sep 1844 - Jan 1849        Archibald Richmond                 (b. 1789 - d. 1866)
1849 - 1854                William Henry Sleeman              (b. 1788 - d. 1856)
1854 - 1856                James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863)          


Baad: see Idar


Baghal

c.1643                     Baghal state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
1670 - 1727                Prithvi Chand                      (b. c.1655 - d. 1727)
1727 - 1753                Mehar Chand                        (b. c.1702 - d. 1753)
1753 - 1778                Bhoop Chand                        (d. 1778)
1778 - 1803                Jagat Singh (1st time)             (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
                            (in Nalagarh exile 1803 - 1815)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
 3 Sep 1815 - Aug 1828     Jagat Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
Aug 1828 - 16 Jan 1840     Shiv Saran Singh                   (b. 1793 - d. 1840)
16 Jan 1840 - 12 Mar 1875  Kishan Singh                       (b. 1817 - d. 1877)
                            (personal style Raja from 1860)
Rajas
12 Mar 1875 - 17 Jul 1876  Kishan Singh                       (s.a.)
17 Jul 1876 - 10 Oct 1877  Moti Singh                         (b. 1871 - d. 1876)
10 Oct 1877 - 12 Apr 1904  Dhyan Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1904)
12 Apr 1904 -  3 Oct 1922  Tikka Bikram Singh                 (b. 1893 - d. 1922)
 3 Oct 1922 - 21 Dec 1945  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1909 - d. 1945)
21 Dec 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1928 - d. 2010)



Baghat

Middle Ages                Baghat state founded.
1815                       British protectorate.
11 Jul 1839 - 1842         Part of British India.

Jan 1849 - 1861            Part of British India.

Rulers (title Rana)
1777 - 1787                Fateh Pal
1787 - 1810                Raghunath Pal                      (d. 1810)
1810 - 1821                Dalel Singh  
1821 - 11 Jul 1839         Mohindar Singh                     (d. 1839)
11 Jul 1839 - 1842         part of British India
1842 - Jan 1849            Bije Singh                         (d. 1849)
Jan 1849 - 1861            part of British India
1861                       Umaid Singh                        (b. 1825 - d. 1861)
1861 - 30 Dec 1911         Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1911)
30 Dec 1911 -  4 Jun 1928  Durga Singh                        (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
Raja
 4 Jun 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Durga Singh                        (s.a.)


Bahawalpur: see Pakistani Princely States


Balasinor

[Balasinor
                          (India) State flag]
                 State Flag
[Balasinor
                          (India) Royal flag]
                Royal Flag

1758                       Balasinor state independent.

Rulers (title Nawab Babi)
28 Sep 1758 - 17..         Muhammad Khanji Bahadur Khanji
17.. - ....                Jamiyat Khanji I Muhammad Khanji
.... - May 1820            Salabat Khanji I Jamiyat Khanji    (d. 1820)
May 1820 - 1822            Abid Khanji
1822 -  2 Dec 1831         Jalal Khanji (Edul Khanji)         (d. 1831)
 2 Dec 1831 - 30 Nov 1882  Zorawar Khanji                     (b. 1826 - d. 1882)
 2 Dec 1831 - 20 May 1841  Shri Yamuna Bibi                   (d. 1841)
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent
30 Nov 1882 - 24 Mar 1899  Munawar Khanji Zorawar Khanji      (b. 1846 - d. 1899)
24 Mar 1899 -  2 Feb 1945  Jamiyat Khanji II  Munawar Khanji  (b. 1894 - d. 1945)
                             (suspended 30 Aug 1933, exiled Feb 1938)
24 Mar 1899 -  9 Nov 1915  .... -Regent

 2 Feb 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Muhammad Salabat Khanji II         (b. 1944)
 2 Feb 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  .... -Regent



Balsan (Balson)

.... - 1815                Vassal state of Sirmur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Jai Singh
.... - 1815                Dharam Singh
1815 - 1858                Jog Raj Singh                      (b. 1780 - d. 1867)
Rulers (title Rana)
1858 - 29 Nov 1867         Jog Raj Singh                      (s.a.)
29 Nov 1867 - 17 Nov 1884  Bhup Singh                         (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
17 Nov 1884 - 1918         Bir Singh                          (b. 1860 - d. 19..)
1918 - 19 May 1936         Atar Singh                         (b. 1868 - d. 1936)
19 May 1936 - 1943         Ran Bahadur Singh                  (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Vidya Bhushan Singh                (b. 1938 - d. 1979)


Baltistan: see Pakistani Princely States


Bamra

c.1545                     Bamra state founded according to tradition.

Rajas
1673 - 1713                Bhagirath Deb
1713 - 1745                Pratap Deb
1745 - 1779                Sidasar Deb
1779 - 1819                Arjun Deb
1819 - 1832                Balunkabrusabha Deb
1832                       Khageswar Deb
1832 - 12 May 1869         Brajasundar Deb "Tribhuban Singh"  (d. 1869)
12 May 1869 - 19 Nov 1903  Basu Deb Sudhal Deb                (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
                             (from 1 Jan 1895, Sir Basu Deb Sudhal Deb)
12 May 1869 - 1871         .... -Regent
19 Nov 1903 - 11 Mar 1916  Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb        (d. 1916/18)
11 Mar 1916 -  1 Jan 1920  Dibyashankar Sudhal Deb            (d. 1920)
 1 Jan 1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb           (b. 1914 - d. 1982)
 1 Jan 1920 - 1935         .... -Regent



Banaras (Benares)

[Banaras (Benares)]

....                       Kashi (or Banaras) state
1194                       Part of Awadh (Oudh).
1740                       Estate (zamindari) transformed into Banaras state.
21 May 1775 -  9 Nov 1910  Part of British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India, renamed Varanasi.

Rajas
1740 - 19 Aug 1770         Balwant Singh                      (b. 1711 - d. 1770)
19 Aug 1770 - 14 Sep 1781  Chait Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
14 Sep 1781 - 12 Sep 1795  Mahipat Narayan Singh              (b. 1756 - d. 1795)
12 Sep 1795 -  4 Apr 1835  Udit Narayan Singh                 (b. 1778 - d. 1835)
 4 Apr 1835 - 13 Jun 1889  Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh       (b. 1822 - d. 1889)
                             (personal style Maharaja Bahadur from 11 Aug 1859)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh)
13 Jun 1889 -  1 Apr 1911  Prabhu Narayan Singh               (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
                             (personal style Maharaja Bahadur from 23 Sep 1889)
                             (from 1 Jan 1891, Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh)
Rulers (title Maharaja Bahadur)

 1 Apr 1911 -  4 Aug 1931  Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh           (s.a.)
 4 Aug 1931 -  5 Apr 1939  Aditya Narayan Singh               (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
                             (from 3 Jun 1933, Sir Aditya Narayan Singh)
 5 Apr 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Vibhuti Narayan Singh              (b. 1927 - d. 2000)
 5 Apr 1939 - 11 Jul 1947  .... -Regent


British Resident

1793 - 14 Jan 1799         George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)



Banda 

1790                       Banda state founded.
1858                       Annexed by British India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1790 - 28 Aug 1802         Ali Bahadur I                      (b. 1758 - d. 1802)
1802 - 1823                Shamsher Bahadur                   (b. 1788 - d. 1823)
1823 - 1849                Zulfikar Ali Bahadur               (b. 1800 - d. 1849)
1849 - 1858                Ali Bahadur II                     (b. 1835 - d. 1873)


Bandhora: see Jaso

Banganapalle   

[Banganapalle]

1665                       Banganapalle (Bunganpully) jagir created by Bijapur.
1783 - 1790                Annexed by
Mahisur (Mysore).
1790 - 1800                Tributary to Haydarabad (Hyderabad).
Oct 1835 - 12 Jul 1848     Annexed
to British India (part of Madras).
18..                       Estate becomes a state.
 1 Feb 1905 - 19 Dec 1908  Administered by British India (Madras).

1939 - 1947                Again administered by British India.
23 Feb 1948                administratively merged with Madras (annexed 1 Aug 1949).

Rulers (title Nawab)(personal style to 24 Jan 1876, then hereditary) 
1686 - 1725                Muhammad Beg Khan-i-lung           (d. 1725)
1725 - 1728                Ata Khan                           (d. 1728)
1728 - 1737                Fazil `Ali Khan I                  (d. 1737)
1737 - 1769                Fazil `Ali Kahn II                 (d. 1769)
 7 Apr 1769 - 26 Aug 1783  Saiyid Husain `Ali Khan            (d. 1783)
                             (personal style Khan Bahadur)
26 Aug 1783 - 1790         Ghulam `Ali Khan I (1st time)      (d. 1825)
1784 - 1790                Muhammad Yusuf
                             (
Mahisur [Mysore] Administrator)
1790 - 1814                Mozaffar al-Molk Asad `Ali Khan
                           - jointly with following-
1790 -  8 Sep 1822         Ghulam `Ali Khan I (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 8 Sep 1822 - Oct 1835     Husain `Ali Khan (1st time)        (d. 1848)
Oct 1835 - 12 Jul 1848     annexed to British India
12 Jul 1848 - 1848         Husain `Ali Khan (2nd time)        (s.a.)

20 Mar 1849 -  7 Oct 1868  Ghulam Mohammad `Ali Khan II       (d. 1868)
 7 Oct 1868 - 21 Apr 1905  Fath `Ali Khan                     (b. 1848 - d. 1905)
 
1 Feb 1905 - 19 Dec 1908  John Chartres Molony -Administrator(b. 1877 - d. 1948)
                             (assistant political agent)
22 Jun 1905 - 22 Jan 1922  Ghulam `Ali Khan III               (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
22 Jan 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Fazli `Ali Khan III                (b. 1901 - d. 1948)

                             (forced to reside outside the state 1939-1947)


Bangahal

c.1200                      Bangahal state founded.
1770                        Divided between Kangra and Guler.

Rajas
1709 - 1720/28              Prithvi Pal                       (b. 1686 - d. 1720/28)
1720/28 - 1735              Raghunath Pal                     (b. 1708 - d. 1735/49)
1735 - 1749                 Dalel Pal                         (b. 1728 - d. 1749)
1749 - 1770                 Man Pal                           (b. 1747 - d. 1770)


Bangala: see Bangladesh

Bansda

[Bansda (India)
                          c.1877]
                  bf.1877 -  ....
[Bansda]
                       ....  - 1947

c.1250                     Bansda state founded.

Rulers (title Raja Sahib; from c.1829, Maharaja Sahib)
.... - 1701                Udaisimhji II                      (d. 1701)
1701 - 1716                Virsimhji I                        (d. 1716)
1716 - 1739                Ralbhamji                          (d. 1739)
1739 - 1753                Ghulabsimhji I                     (d. 1753)
1753 - 1770                Udaisimhji III                     (d. c.1770)
1770 - 1780                Kiratsimhji Las                    (d. 1780)
1780 - 1789                Virsimhji II                       (d. 1789)
1789 - 1793                Naharsimhji                        (d. 1793)
1793 - 1815                Raisimhji                          (d. 1815) 
1815 - 27 Oct 1828         Udaisimhji IV                      (d. 1828) 
1828 - 16 Jun 1861         Hamirsimhji                        (b. 1826 - d. 1861)
1861 - 13 Feb 1876         Ghulabsimhji II                    (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
 6 Mar 1876 - 21 Sep 1911  Pratapsimhji Ghulabsimhji          (b. 1863 - d. 1911)
21 Sep 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji           (b. 1888 - d. 1951)
                             (from 11 May 1937, Sir Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji)



Banswara

[Banswara]

1527                       Banswara state founded.
16 Nov 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1688 - 1706                Ajab Singh                         (b. 16.. - d. 1706)
1706 - 1713                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1713)
1713 - 1737                Bishan Singh                       (d. 1737)
1737 - 1747                Udai Singh II                      (d. 1747)
1747 - 1786                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1786)
1786 - 1816                Bijai Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1816)
1816 - 1819                Umaid Singh                        (d. 1819)
1819 -  6 Nov 1838         Bhawani Singh                      (b. c.1803 - d. 1838)
 6 Nov 1838 -  2 Feb 1844  Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1788 - d. 1844)
 2 Feb 1844 - 29 Apr 1905  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1835 - d. 1905)
 2 Feb 1844 - 1856         Ratan Lal -Regent
29 Apr 1905 - 27 Dec 1913  Shambhu Singh                      (b. 1868 - d. 1913)

27 Dec 1913 - 28 Jul 1944  Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
                             (from 2 Jan 1933, Sir Prithvi Singh)
29 Jul 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandra Vir Singh                  (b. 1909 - d. 1985)


Bantva-Manavadar: see Manavadar


Baoni

[Baoni-Bundelkhand]

1784                       Baoni state founded.
1806                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1784 -  1 Sep 1800         `Emad al-Molk Ghazi ad-Din Khan    (b. 1736 - d. 1800)
 1 Sep 1800 - 11 May 1815  Naser ad-Dowla                     (b. c.1756 - d. 1815)
11 May 1815 - 18 Oct 1838  Amir al-Molk                       (d. 1838)
18 Oct 1838 - 18 Aug 1859  Mohammad Hosayn                    (d. 1859)
18 Aug 1859 -  5 Oct 1883  Emam ad-Dowla Hosayn               (d. 1895)
 5 Oct 1883 - 27 Jun 1893  Mohammad Hasan Khan                (b. 1863 - d. 1893)
27 Jun 1893 - 27 Oct 1911  Riaz al-Hasan Khan                 (b. 1876 - d. 1911)
                             (recognized 2 Aug 1894)
27 Oct 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Moshtaq al-Hasan Khan     (b. 1896 - d. 1977)



Baramba

[Baramba]

1305                       Baramba state founded.

Rulers (title Rawat)
1679 - 1711                Balabhadra Mangaraj
1711 - 1743                Fakir Mangaraj
1743 - 1748                Banadhar Mangaraj
1748 - 1793                Padmanava Birbar Mangaraj
1793 - 1842                Pindik Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
1842 - 1869                Gopinath Birbar Mangaraj
1869 - 1874                Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj         (b. 1851 - d. ....)
                             Mahapatra
Rajas
1874 - 1881                Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj         (s.a.)
                             Mahapatra
15 Jul 1881 - 20 Aug 1922  Bishambhar Birbar Mangaraj         (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
                             Mahapatra
20 Aug 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Chandra Birbar Mangaraj
                             Mahapatra                        (b. 1914 - d. 1954)
20 Aug 1922 - 16 Jan 1935  .... -Regent



Baraundha Pathar Kachhar

bf.1549                     Baraundha Pathar Kachhar state founded.
1807                        British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1790 -  4 Jan 1827          Mohan Singh                        (d. 1827)
1827 - 1867                 Sarabjit Singh                     (d. 1867)
1867 - 1870                 Dharampal Singh
1870 - 1874                 Chhatarpal Singh                   (d. 1874)
1874 - 1885                 Raghubar Dayal Singh               (b. 1840 - d. 1885)
                             (personal style Raja Bahadur from 1 Jan 1877)
18 Aug 1886 -  8 Jul 1908   Pratap Singh                       (b. 1847 - d. 108)
Rajas 
1908 - 1933                 Gaya Prasad Singh                  (b. 1865 - d. 1933)
1933 - 15 Aug 1947          Ram Pratap Singh                   (d. af.1970)



Bariya (Baria)

[Baria (Bariya)]

c.1524                     Bariya state founded.

Rajas
.... - ....                Rayasimhji Udaisimhji
.... - ....                Vijaysimhji Rayasimhji
.... - c.1720              Mansimhji I Vijaysimhji            (d. c.1720)
17.. - 17..                Prithvirajji I Mansimhji           (d. af.1732)
.... - ....                Rayadharji Prithviraji
.... - ....                Gangdasji I Rayadharji
.... - ....                Gambhirsimhji Gangdasji
.... - ....                Dhiratsimhji Gambhirsimhji
1803?                      Jashwantsimhji Sahibsimhji
18.. - Aug 1819            Gangdasji II Jashwantsimhji        (d. 1819)
1819                       Prithvirajji II Gangdasji          (d. 1864)
                             (1st time)
1819                       Rupji (usurper)
1819 - 1820                Bhimsimhji Gangdasji
1820 - 1864                Prithvirajji II Gangdasji          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Rulers (title Maharawal)

 5 Mar 1864 - 25 Feb 1908  Mansimhji II Prithirajji           (b. 1855 - d. 1908)
25 Feb 1908 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji             (b. 1886 - d. 1949)
                             (from 1 Jan 1922, Sir Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji)



Baroda
 
[Baroda]
[Baroda c.1875 - 1936
                        Maharaja's flag]
           c.1875 - 1936  Maharaja's flag
[Baroda 1936 -
                          1947 Maharaja's flag]
           1936 - 1947  Maharaja's flag
[Baroda Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Merchant Flag
 


Map of Baroda
Capital: Baroda
Population: N/A

Apr 1731                   Baroda state founded by Mahratta general.
1780                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharaja Gaekwar)
Apr 1731 - 14 May 1732     Pilaji Rao Gaekwar                 (d. 1732)
14 May 1732 - 18 Aug 1768  Damaji Rao II Gaekwar              (d. 1768)
18 Aug 1768 - 1771         Govind Rao Gaekwar (1st time)      (d. 1778)
1771 - 1774                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (1st time)
1771 - 1774                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (d. 1789)
                             (1st time)
1774 - 1778                Govind Rao Gaekwar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1778 - 1792                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (2nd time)
1778 - 1779                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1779 - 1792                Manaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (b. c.1751 - d. 1793)
1792 - 27 Jul 1793         Manaji Rao Gaekwar                 (s.a.)
27 Jul 1793 - 19 Sep 1800  Govind Rao Gaekwar "Mama Sahib"    (b. 17.. - d. 1800)
19 Sep 1800 -  2 Oct 1819  Anand Rao Gaekwar                  (b. 17.. - d. 1819)
19 Sep 1800 - 23 Jun 1818  Fateh Singh II Rao Gaekwar -Regent (b. 1769 - d. 1818)
23 Jun 1818 -  2 Oct 1819  Sayaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (b. 1800 - d. 1847)
 2 Oct 1819 - 28 Dec 1847  Sayaji Rao II Gaekwar              (s.a.)
28 Dec 1847 - 19 Nov 1856  Ganpat Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1816 - d. 1856)
19 Nov 1856 - 28 Nov 1870  Khande Rao II Gaekwar              (b. 1828 - d. 1870)
                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Sir Khande Rao II Gaekwar)
28 Nov 1870 - 19 Apr 1875  Malhar Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1831 - d. 1882)

                             (regent to 5 Jul 1871; suspended from 13 Jan 1875)
19 Apr 1875 - 25 May 1875  Sir Madhav Rao Thanjavurkar        (b. c.1828 - d. 1891)
                             (chairman regency council)
25 May 1875 -  6 Feb 1939  Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar             (b. 1863 - d. 1939)
                             (from 15 Feb 1887, Sir
Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar)
25 May 1875 - 28 Dec 1881  Jamna Bai Sahib Gaekwar (f)-Regent (b. 1853 - d. 1898)

 6 Feb 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar           (b. 1908 - d. 1968)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1743 - 17..                Diwanji Takapir 
                           + Mahadaji Govind Kakirde
17.. - 17..                Madhav Nimbaji Vanikar
17.. - 17..                Ramchandra Basvant
17.. - 17..                Balaji Yamaji
                             (acting for
Basvant)
17.. - 17..                Gopal Naik Tambekar
c.1777                     Antaji Ganesh
17.. - 1780                Govind Pandit
17.. - 17..                Hiramand (acting)
17.. - 17..                Baloba
17.. - 17..                Gumaji Patel
c.1787                     Ramchandra Bhaskar

Dec 1793 - 20 Sep 1800    
Raoji Appaji (1st time)
1800 - 1820
               Vithalrao Devaji (Dewan of Kathiawar)
                           - jointly with following -
20 Sep 1800 - 27 Jan 1801  Shrimant Sardar Khanjirao
                             Maharaja Sahib Gaekwar
27 Jan 1801 - 18 Jul 1803  Raoji Appaji (2nd time)
1803 - 1807                Sitaram Raoji
1807 - Nov 1810            Babaji Rao
1810 - 1812                Vithalrao Bhau (1st time)
                             (Vithal Rao Bhau)
1812 - 14 Jul 1815         Gangadhar Shastri                   (d. 1815)
Jul 1815 - Oct 1819        Bhimashankar
12 Oct 1819 - Jan 1820     Dhakji Dadaji
Jan? 1820 - 1828           Vithalrao Bhau
(2nd time)
                           + Vithalrao Devaji

1828 - 1829                Veniram Aditram
                           + Prabhaka Dikshit
1829 - 1833                Gopal Atmaram Devadar
1833 - 28 Nov 1839         Veniram Aditram

1839 - 1848                Vacant
1848 - 1849                Balasaheb Dhaibar
1849 - 1854                Bhau Tambekar
1854 - 10 Nov 1867         
Govindrav Pandurang Rode
                           + Ganesh Sadashiv Ojhe (to Mar 1861)
17 Nov 1867 - 24 Nov 1869  Bhau Shinde
25 Nov 1869 - Nov 1870     Nimbaji Rao Dhole
(or Davale)
                             (acting)
Nov 1870 - Mar 1871        Hariba Dada
22 Mar 1871 - 1872         Gopal Rav Mairal                   (d. 1872)

1872 (4 months)            Balwant Rao Bhicaji Rahurakar
Nov 1872? - Mar 1873?      Balvantrav Khanvelkar (Balwant Rao)

 5 Mar 1873 –  4 Aug 1874  Shivaji Rao Khanvelkar

 4 Aug 1874 -  7 Jan 1875  Dadabhai Naoroji                   (b. 1825 – d. 1917)

10 May 1875 - 28 Sep 1882  Sir Madhav Rao Thanjavurkar        (s.a.)
29 Sep 1882 - 31 Jul 1886  Khan Bahadur Kazi Shahabuddin 
 1 Aug 1886 - 30 May 1890  
Bahadur Lakshman Jagannath Vaidya
31 May 1890 - 21 Nov 1895  
Manibhai Jasbhai
22 Nov 1895 - 14 Jul 1896  Jaisingh Rao Agre (acting)
15 Jul 1896 -  2 Oct 1901  S. Srinivasa Raghava Iyengar       (b. 18.. - d. 1903)
 3 Oct 1901 - 30 Jun 1904
 R.V. Dhamnaskar
 1 Jul 1904 - 28 Feb 1909  
Kersaspji Rustamji Dadachanji
 1 Jun 1909 - 30 Nov 1909  Shri Romesh Chunder Dutt
 1 Dec 1909 -  3 Jan 1912  V.P. Madhava Rao                   (b. 1850 - d. 1930)
 1 Dec 1912 - 16 Mar 1914  Bihari Lal Gupta                   (b. 1849 - d. 1916)
17 Mar 1914 -  7 May 1916  Vishwanath Patankar Madhava Rao    (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
 9 May 1916 - 17 Feb 1926  Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta         (b. 1868 - d. 1946)
18 Feb 1926 – 17 Feb 1927  Ganpatrao Gaekwad (acting)
18 Feb 1927 - 27 Apr 1944  Vangal Thiruvenkatachari           (b. 1881 - d. 1946)
                             Krishnamachari

1944 - 1945                B.A. Gaekwar
Jan 1945 - 1947            Brojendra Lal Mitter               (b. 1875 - d. 1950) 
1947                       Jivraj N. Mehta                    (b. 1887 - d. 1977) 
  

British Residents in Baroda
11 Jul 1802 - 1809         Alexander Walker (1st time)
1809 - 1810                James Rivett-Carnac (1st time)     (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
                              (acting)
1810       
               Alexander Walker (2nd time)
1810 - May 1820            James Rivett-Carnac (2nd time)     (s.a.)
May 1820                   C. Norris (acting)

May 1820 - Nov 1837        James Williams
Nov 1837 - Jun 1840        James Sutherland
26 Jun 1840 - Jul/Aug 1844 William Sprot Boyd                 (b. 1799 - d. 1845)
Aug 1844 - Jul 1845        T. Ogilvie (acting)
Jul 1845 - Apr 1846        Robert Keith Arbuthnot             (b. 1801 - d. 1873)
Apr 1846 - May 1847        William Charles Andrews (acting)
May 1847 - Oct 1848        James Outram (1st time)            (b. 1803 - d. 1863)
Oct 1848 - May 1850        Patrick Theodore French (acting)   (b. 1803 - d. 1890)
May 1850 - Jan 1852        James Outram (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Jan 1852 - Jun 1853        J.M. Davies
Jun 1853 - Mar 1854        G.B. Seton Karr (acting)
Mar 1854 - May 1854        James Outram (3rd time)            (s.a.)
May 1854 - Nov 1855        Duncan A. Malcolm

Feb 1856 - Mar 1857        Cuthbert Davidson                  (b. 1810 - d. 1862)
Mar 1857 - May 1859        Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
May 1859 – Aug 1859        John Proudfoot Stratton (acting)   (b. 1830 – d. 1895)
Aug 1859 - Jan 1866        Robert Wallace                     (b. 1816 - d. ....)
Jan 1866 - May 1867        J.T. Barr
(1st time)
May 1867 - Nov 1867        E.P. Arthur (acting)
Nov 1867 - Apr 1872        J.T. Barr (2nd time)
Apr 1872 - Mar 1873        A.G. Shortt (acting)

Mar 1873 - Dec 1874        Robert Phayre                      (b. 1820 - d. 1897)
Dec 1874 - Apr 1875        Lewis Pelley                       (b. 1825 - d. 1892)
18 Apr 1875 - Nov 1875     R
ichard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1899)
Agents
16 Nov 1875 -  2 Apr 1881  Philipp Sandys Melvill (1st time)  (b. 1827 - d. 1906)

 2 Apr 1881 - 10 Apr 1881  J.H. Seller (acting)
11 Apr 1881 -  1 Jul 1881  W.G. Waterfield (acting)
 2 Jul 1881 -  2 Jan 1881
 Philipp Sandys Melvill (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 3 Jan 1882 - 15 Sep 1883  John Watson (1st time)             (b. 1829 - d. 1919)
16 Sep 1883 - 15 Nov 1883  Freeman Henry Jackson
(1st time)   (b. 1842 - d. 1916)
                             (acting)
16 Nov 1883 - 26 Aug 1885
 John Watson (2nd time)             (s.a.)
27 Aug 1885 - 24 Oct 1885  C.K.M. Walter (acting)
25 Oct 1885 -  3 Mar 1886
 John Watson (3rd time)             (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1886 -  4 Nov 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

 4 Dec 1886 -  7 Jul 1886  James Cavan Berkeley (1st time)    (b. 1838 - d. 1926)
 8 Jul 1886 - 10 Jul 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (3rd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

10 Aug 1886 - 29 Dec 1887  James Cavan Berkeley (2nd time)    (s.a.)
30 Dec 1887 -  1 Oct 1888  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John 
 2 Oct 1888 - 17 Jan 1889  Freeman Henry Jackson (4th time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

18 Jan 1889 - 26 Mar 1889  Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
                             (1st time)
27 Mar 1889 - 22 Oct 1889
 Freeman Henry Jackson (5th time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

23 Oct 1889 - Apr 1890     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

Apr 1890 - Jul 1890        Freeman Henry Jackson (6th time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

Jul 1890 -  6 Feb 1891     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)

 6 Mar 1891 -  4 Jan 1893  Edward Swalman Reynolds            (d. 1896)
11 Jan 1893 - 27 Apr 1893  John Biddulph (1st time)           (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
27 Apr 1893 - 27 Jul 1893  Francis William Snell (acting)
28 Jul 1893 - 24 Feb 1895
  John Biddulph (2nd time)           (s.a.)
25 Feb 1895 - 23 Jul 1896  Norton Charles Martelli (1st time) (b. 1844 - d. ....)
24 Jul 1896 - Oct 1896     Percy Zachariah Cox (acting)       (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
Oct 1896 - 1899
           Norton Charles Martelli (2nd time) (s.a.)
Residents
30 Aug 1899 - 13 Mar 1901  Charles Withers Ravenshaw          (b. 1835 - d. 1935)
14 Mar 1901 -  9 Oct 1901  W.H.M. Stewart (acting)
 4 Nov 1901 -  2 May 1902  Malcolm John Meade (1st time)      (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
 3 May 1902 -  3 Nov 1902  H.C.J. Carnegy (acting)
 4 Nov 1902 - 30 Mar 1906  Malcolm John Meade (2nd time)      (s.a.)
31 Mar 1906 - 13 Apr 1906  Hugh Harrison (acting)
14 Apr 1906 - 11 Dec 1906  C.H. Pritchard (acting)
12 Dec 1906 -  3 Sep 1908
 Malcolm John Meade (3rd time)      (s.a.)
 4 Sep 1908 - 29 Oct 1908  Robert Southey Pottinger (acting)  (b. 1870 - d. 1943)
30 Oct 1908 - 18 Feb 1909  Malcolm John Meade (4th time)      (s.a.)
19 Feb 1909 -  1 May 1912  Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
19 Feb 1909 - 30 Sep 1910 
Oswald Vivian Bosanquet            (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
                            
(acting for Venn Cobb)
 5 May 1912 - 13 Mar 1914  Lawrence Impey (1st time)          (b. 1862 - d. 1944)

                             (acting to 17 May 1913)
14 Mar 1914 - 11 Apr 1914  Wyndham Madden Pierpoint Wood
                             (acting)
12 Apr 1914 - 14 Dec 1914  William Ellis Jardine (acting)     (b. 1867 - d. 1944)
15 Dec 1914 -  3 Mar 1917
  Lawrence Impey (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1917 - 16 Feb 1918  Frederick Weston Peile Macdonald   (b. 1863 - d. 1955)
                             (acting)
17 Feb 1918 - 23 Mar 1918  Kenneth Samuel Fitze
(acting)      (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
23 Mar 1918 -  7 Apr 1919  Charles Lennox Russell             (b. 1872 - d. 1960)
                             (acting to 19 Apr 1918)
 8 Apr 1919 -  5 May 1919 
Thomas Brian Russell (acting)      (b. 1888 - d. 19..)
 6 May 1919 - 28 May 1919  
William Pell Barton (1st time)     (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
 1 Jun 1919 -  9 Sep 1919  Walter Hugh John Wilkinson (acting)(b. 1874 - d. 1939)
10 Sep 1919 -  2 Feb 1920  William Pell Barton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 3 Feb 1920 - 30 Oct 1920  Charles Joseph Windham             (b. 1867 - d. 1941)
31 Oct 1920 - 21 Jul 1921  Denys Brooke Blakeway              (b. 1870 - d. 1933)
22 Jul 1921 -  1 Dec 1922  Leslie Maurice Crump (acting)      (b. 1875 - d. 1929)
 1 Dec 1922 – 12 Dec 1922  Cyril William Prescott (1st time)
                             (acting)
13 Dec 1922 - 1923         Reginald Isidore Robert Glancy     (b. 1974 - d. 1939)

29 Apr 1923 –  7 Jun 1923  Cyril William Prescott (2nd time)
                             (acting)
 8 Jun 1923 –  4 Mar 1927  Edward Herbert Kealy               (b. 1873 - d. 1953)

1926 - 27 Oct 1926         Henry Stuart Strong
                             (acting for Kealy)
 5 Mar 1927 – 14 Nov 1929 
Richard John Charles Burke         (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
15 Nov 1929 - 1931         Denis Grey Wilson                  (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
21 Mar 1931 – 1932?        Charles Gilbert Crosthwaite        (b. 1878 - d. 1940)
                             (acting to 17 Jun 1931)
27 Mar 1932 – 21 Jul 1932  Frederick Marshman Bailey          (b. 1882 - d. 1967)

22 Jul 1932 – 18 Jan 1933  Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
19 Jan 1933 - Jan 1938     James Leslie Rose Weir             (b. 1883 - d. 1950)
18 Apr 1935 –  3 May 1935  George Arthur Falconer             (b. 1894 - d. 1981)
                             (acting for Weir)   
 4 May 1935 – 16 Nov 1935  Kenmure Alick Garth Evans-Gordon   (b. 1885 - d. 1960)
                             (acting for Weir)   
29 Jan 1938
- 1939         Elliott James Dowell Colvin        (b. 1885 - d. 1950)
15 Apr 1939 - Jul 1939
     George van Baerle Gillan (1st time)(b. 1890 - d. 1974)
 
4 Jul 1939 - 1942         Clive Kirkpatrick Daly             (b. 1878 - d. 1966)

 1 Oct 1942 - 1943         George van Baerle Gillan (2nd time)(s.a.)
Feb 1943 - 1944            Lionel W. Jardine                  (b. 1895 - d. 1980)

Residents for Baroda, Western India States and Gujarat
 5 Nov 1944 -  6 May 1947  Sir Cyril P. Hancock               (b. 1896 - d. 1990)

                             (acting to 4 Jul 1945)
 7 May 1947 - 14 Aug 1947  Leonard Coke Wallis                (b. 1900 - d. 1974)



Barwani

[Barwani (India) state
                flag]

Capital: Barwani
(Sidhanagar c.1640 ....)

Population: 176,666 (1941)
141,110 (1931) 

836                        Barwani state founded, originally called Avasgarh.
1819                       British protectorate.
1861 - 1873                British India administration.

Rulers (title Rana)
1675 - 1700                Jodh Singh                         (d. 1700)
1700                       Mohan Singh I (1st time)           (d. 1731)
1700 - 1708                Parbat Singh                       (d. 1708)
1708 - 1730                Mohan Singh I (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1730 - 1760                Anup Singh                         (d. 1760)
1760 - 1794                Umed Singh                         (d. 1794)
1794 - 1839                Mohan Singh II                     (d. 1839)
1839 - 1861                Jashwant Singh (1st time)          (d. 1880)
1839 - 1854                .... Rajmata of Barwani (f) -Regent
1861 - 1873                Vacant
1873 - 1880                Jashwant Singh (2nd time)          (s.a.)
19 Aug 1880 - 1894         Indrajit Singh                     (b. 1840 - d. 1894)
19 Aug 1880 - 1886         .... Rajmata of Barwani (f) -Regent
14 Dec 1894 - 1921         Ranjit Singh II                    (b. 1888 - d. 1930)
                             (from 2 Jan 1918, Sir Ranjit Singh II)
14 Dec 1894 - 1910         Rajmata Dhan Kunwar
                             Basaheba (f) -Regent
Rulers (title Maharana)
1921 - 21 Apr 1930         Sir Ranjit Singh II                (s.a.)
21 Apr 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Devi Singhji                       (b. 1922 - d. 2007)

21 Apr 1930 - 1939         Harilal N. Gosalia -Regent
                            
(chairman of regency council)
1939 - 1943
                Kumari Shri Tejkunuerba Rajmata   
                             of Barwani (f) -
Regent



Bashahr

1412                       Bashahr state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
 5 Aug 1914 - 30 Nov 1917  British India administration.

Ruler (title Rana)
.... - 1708                Vijay Singh
1708 - 1725                Udai Singh
1725 - 1761                Ram Singh                           (d. 1761)
1761 - 1785                Udar Singh                          (d. 1785)
1785 - 1803                Ugar Singh                          (d. 1810)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - Jan 1816            Mahendra Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1850)
Rajas

Jan 1816 - 1850            Mahendra Singh                      (s.a.)
1850 - 1887                Shamsher Singh (1st time)           (b. 1838 - d. 1914)
1887 - Feb 1898            Raghunath Singh                     (b. 1868 - d. 1898)
Feb 1898 -  5 Aug 1914     Shamsher Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 5 Aug 1914 - Apr 1947     Padam Singh (installed 30 Nov 1917) (b. 1873 - d. 1947)
                             (from 1 Jan 1945, Sir Padam Singh)
1914 - 30 Nov 1917         Alan Alexander McCaskill Mitchell
                             (
manager)
Apr 1947 - 15 Aug 1947     Virbhadra Singh                     (b. 1934)



Basoda

1753                       Basoda state founded as a vassal state of Gwalior.
1817 - 1822                Occupied by Gwalior.
1822                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1753 - 1786                Ahsan Allah Khan                    (d. 1786)
1786 - 1800                Baqa΄ Allah Khan
1800 - 1817                Asad `Ali Khan (1st time)           (d. 1864)
1817 - 1822                occupied by Gwalior
1822 - 1864                Asad `Ali Khan (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 6 Feb 1864 - 1896         `Omar `Ali Khan                     (b. c.1830 - d. ....)
12 Jun 1896 - Jul 1928     Haydar `Ali Khan Firuz Jung         (b. 1854 - d. 1928)
27 Jul 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Ayyub `Ali Khan Firuz Jung (b. 1877 - d. 1947)



Basohli

c.750 AD                   Basohli state founded.
1836                       Incorporated into Jammu.

Rajas
1693 - 1725                Diraj Pal                           (d. 1725)
1725 - 1736                Medini Pal                          (b. 1717? - d. 1736)
1736 - 1757                Ajit Pal                            (d. 1757)
1757 - 1776                Amrit Pal                           (b. 1745 - d. 1776)
1776 - 1806                Vijay Pal                           (b. 1763 - d. 1806)
1806 - 1813                Mahendra Pal                        (d. 1813)
1813 - Nov 1834            Bhupendra Pal                       (b. c.1806 - d. 1834)
17 Dec 1834 - 1836         Kalyan Pal                          (b. 1834 - d. 1857) 



Bastar

[Bastar]

1324                       Bastar state founded.

Rajas
1680 - 1709                Digpal Deo
1709 - 1721                Rajpal Deo
1721 - 1731                Mama
1731 - 1774                Dalpat Deo
1774                       Daryao Deo (1st time)
1774 - 1777                Ajmar Singh Deo
1777 - bf.1819             Daryao Deo (2nd time)
c.1819                     Mahipal Deo
1830 - 1853                Bhopal Deo
27 Aug 1853 - 20 Jul 1891  Bhairam Deo                        (b. 1839 - d. 1891) 
20 Jul 1891 - 16 Nov 1921  Rudra Pratap Deo                   (b. 1885 - d. 1921)
23 Nov 1921 - 28 Feb 1936  Prafulla Kumari Devi (f) -Rani     (b. 1910 - d. 1936)
Maharaja
28 Oct 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo           (b. 1929 - d. 1966)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1842 - 1862                Lal Dalganjan Singh                (d. 1863)
1862 - 1867                Moti Singh
1867 - 1881?               Gopinath Kapardas

1881 - 1886                Kalendra Singh
1886 - 1888                Krishna Rao
1888 - Mar 1890            Ganpat Rao Gokle
1890 - 1891                Gopinath Guru                      (d. 1891)

Superintendents
1891 - 1893               
Rama Krishna Rao
1893 - 1896                Pandit Alamchand
1896 - 1899                L.J. Fagan (administrator)
Mar 1899 - Jul 1903        George Whitty Gayer (administrator)
1903 - 1908                R.B. Panda Baijnath
Dewans
1908 - 1910                R.B. Panda Baijnath
Aug 1910 – May 1913        James May
May 1913 - 16 Apr 1917     Frederick James Langhorne          (d. 1936)
Apr 1917 – bf.Mar 1918     Mahdi Hassan
1918 - 1923?               Mohammad Walayatullah
May 1923 - 1925/27         William Alfred Tucker              (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
Mar 1927 - Mar 1931        Wilfrid Vernon Grigson
Mar 1931 - 1934            Donald Ross Rutnam
Mar 1934 - Mar 1940        Edgar Stanley Hyde                 (b. 1906)
Apr 1940 - 1942            Alfred Norval Mitchell             (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
1942 - 1943                K. Radhakrishnan
Sep 1943 - Jul 1945        Richmond Keith Molesworth Battye   (b. 1905 - d. 1958)
1945 - Jul 1947            H.W. Alderson
Jul 1947 - 1947            Rao Sahib Ragho Raj



Baudh

[Baudh (India) state flag]

21 May 1874                Baudh estate becomes a state.

Rajas
21 May 1874 - 1879         Pitambar Deo                       (b. 1821 - d. 1879)
 5 Oct 1879 - 10 Mar 1913  Jogendra Deo                       (b. c.1857 - d. 1913)
10 Mar 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Prasad Deo                 (b. 1904 - d. bf.1971)


Bayar: see Idar


Beja

c.1350                     Beja founded.
1790                       Independence from Bilaspur (confirmed 4 Sep 1815).


Rulers (title Thakur)
1773 - 1817                Man Chand                          (d. 1817)  
1817 - 1841                Pratap Chand                       (d. 1841)
1841 - 20 Jun 1905         Udai Chand                         (b. 1831 - d. 1905)
1905 - 1943                Puran Chand                        (b. c.1895 - d. 1943)
1905 - 22 Jan 1918         Regency
1943 - 1947                Lakshmi Chand                      (b. 1916 - d. 1949)

Benares: see Banaras

Bengal: see Bangladesh

Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand)

[Beri-Bundelkhand]

c.1750                     Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand) state founded.
1809                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Diwan)
c.1750                     Acharju Singh
17.. - c.1780              Khuman Singh                        (d. c.1780) 
Rulers (title Rao)
c.1780 - 1814              Jugal Prasad                        (d. 1814)
1814 - 1857                Phairan Singh                       (d. 1857)
1857 - 1862                Vishvanath Singh                    (d. 1862)
18 Mar 1862 - 1892         Vijay Singh                         (b. 1848 - d. 1892)
1892 - 1904                Raghuraj Singh                      (b. 18.. - d. 1904)
 8 Jun 1904 - 1945         Lokendra Singh                      (b. 1891 - d. 19..)
 8 Jun 1904 - 1915         .... -Regent
Raja

1945 - 1947                Yadvendra Singh                     (b. 1918 - d. 1984)



Bhadrawa (Bhadrawah)

1483                       Bhadrawa founded possibly as an estate (jagir) later becoming a state.
Jun 1821                   Annexed to Chamba.
16 Mar 1846                Annexed to Jammu and Kashmir.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1691 - 1707                Abhaya Pal                          (d. 1707)
1707 - 1735                Medini Pal
1735 - 1770                Sampat Pal                          (b. 1710 - d. 1770)
1770 - 1790                Fateh Pal                           (b. 1732 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1794                Daya Pal (1st time)                 (b. 1756 - d. 1810)
1794 - ....                Bhup Chand
.... - 1810
               Daya Pal (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
1810 - Jun 1821            Pahar Chand                         (b. 1789 - d. 18..)



Bhaisaunda

1812                       Bhaisaunda state founded.

Rulers (title Chaube; from 1885, Rao Chaube)
1812 - 1829                Newal Kishor                        (d. 1829)
1829 - 18..                Acharju Sing                        (b. c.1819 - d. ....)
1829 - 1840                Zirat Prasad -Regent
1840? - 10 Oct 1885        Tirath Prasad                       (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
10 Oct 1885 -  8 Jan 1916  Chhatarsal Prasad                   (b. 1877 - d. 1916)
10 Oct 1885 - 1896         .... -Regent
 8 Jan 1916 -  4 Nov 1916  Bharat Prasad                       (b. 1884 - d. 1916)

 4 Nov 1916 - 1947         Govind Prasad                       (b. 1884 - d. af.1948) 



Bhajji

bf.1800                    Bhajji state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
21 Sep 1815                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Amrit Pal
1800 - 1803                Rudrapal (1st time)                (d. 1842)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1842                Rudrapal (2nd time)                (s.a.)
1842 - 1875                Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1824 - d. 1875)
18 Nov 1875 -  8 May 1913  Durga Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1913)
 9 May 1913 -  8 Sep 1940  Bipal Indra Singh                  (b. 1906 - d. 1961)
 8 Sep 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Chandra Pal Singh              (b. 1928 - d. 2012)



Bharatpur
 
[Bharatpur
                          1880-c.1943]
                    1880 - c.1943
[Bharatpur
                          c.1943-1948]
                  c.1943 - 1947

1752                       Bharatpur founded and becomes name of state.
18 Jan 1828                British protectorate.

Maharajas
1752 -  7 Jun 1756         Badan Singh                        (d. 1756)
                             (styled Raja Mahendra)
 7 Jun 1756 - 25 Dec 1763  Suraj Mal                          (b. 1707 - d. 1763)
25 Dec 1763 - 27 Aug 1768  Jawahir Singh                      (d. 1768)
27 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Ratan Singh                        (d. 1769)
22 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Dan Shahi -Regent
11 Apr 1769 - 28 Mar 1778  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1766 - d. 1778)
11 Apr 1769 - 11 Aug 1775  Nihal Singh -Regent                (b. 17.. - d. 1775)
11 Aug 1775 - 28 Mar 1778  Ranjit Singh -Regent               (d. 1805)
28 Mar 1778 -  6 Dec 1805  Ranjit Singh                       (s.a.)
 6 Dec 1805 -  7 Oct 1823  Randhir Singh                      (d. 1823)
 7 Oct 1823 - 26 Feb 1825  Baldeo Singh                       (d. 1825)
26 Feb 1825 - 28 Mar 1825  Balwant Singh (1st time)           (b. 1819 - d. 1853)
28 Mar 1825 - 19 Jan 1826  Durjan Sal (usurper)
19 Jan 1826 - 21 Mar 1853  Balwant Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
19 Jan 1826 - 1835         Gangawaue Miraj Kaur (f) -Regent
21 Mar 1853 - 12 Dec 1893  Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1851 - d. 1893)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Jashwant Singh)
21 Mar 1853 - 10 Jun 1869  .... -Regent
12 Dec 1893 - 27 Aug 1900  Ram Singh                          (b. 1872 - d. 1929)
                             (suspended from 10 Aug 1900)
27 Aug 1900 - 27 Mar 1929  Kishen Singh                       (b. 1899 - d. 1929)
                             (from 1 Jan 1926, Sir Kishen Singh)
27 Aug 1900 - 28 Nov 1918  Bibiji Girraj Kaur (f) -Regent     (b. 18.. - d. 1922)
27 Mar 1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Brijendra Singh                    (b. 1918 - d. 1995)
27 Mar 1929 - 22 Oct 1939  Regents
                           - Duncan George Mackenzie          (b. 1883 - d. 1965)
                             (to 1930)
                           - H.W.C. Robson (1930-1932)
                           - Cyril Percy Hancock              (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
                              (May 1932 - Aug 1935)
                           - Herbert John Todd                (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
                              (May – Aug 1936)
                           - George Richard Tottenham        
(b. 1890 - d. 1977)
                              (1935-1936 and 1938 - 22 Oct 1939)
                           - K.P.S. Menon (1936-1938)

Dewans
Oct 1939 -  1 Apr 1940     George Richard Tottenham           (s.a.)
 
1 Apr 1940 - Feb 1943     Kumara Padma Sivasankara Menon     (b. 1898 - d. 1982)
Feb 1943 - c.1944          A.V. Ramanathan



Bhavnagar
 
[Bhavnagar]
                        to 1947
[Bhavnagar
                          Merchant flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 14 Aug 1947  Merchant Flag

1194                       Predecessor state of Sejakpur founded.
1254                       Rainpur state.
1309                       Umrala state.
1570                       Sihor state.
1723                       Bhavnagar founded and becomes name of state.
1807                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1660 - 1703                Ratanji II Akherajji               (b. 16.. - d. 1703)
1703 - 1764                Bhavsinhji I Ratanji               (b. 1683 - d. 1764)
1764 - 1772                Akherajji III Bhavsimhji           (b. 1714 - d. 1772)
1772 - 1816                Wakhatsimhji Akherajji             (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
1816 - 1852                Wajesimhji Wakhatsimhji            (b. 1780 - d. 1852)
1852 - 1854                Akherajji IV Bhavsimhji            (b. 1817 - d. 1854)
1854 - 11 Apr 1870         Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji          (b. 1827 - d. 1870)
                             (from 24 May 1866, Sir Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji)
11 Apr 1870 - 29 Jan 1896  Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji        (b. 1858 - d. 1896)

                             (from 24 May 1881, Sir Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji)
11 Apr 1870 - Jan 1878     Regency
                           - Azam Gavarishankar               (b. 1805 - d. 1891)
                             Udayashankar
                            (
11 Apr 1870 - Mar 1877)
                           - E.H. Percival (1870 - Feb 1877)
                           - J.W. Watson
(Feb - Jun 1877)
                           - Parr (Jun 1877 - Jan 1878)
29 Jan 1896 -  1 Jan 1918  Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji         (b. 1875 - d. 1919)

                             (from 24 Jun 1904, Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji)
                             (personal style Maharaja Rao from 1 Jan 1909)

Rulers (title Maharaja Rao)

 1 Jan 1918 - 16 Jul 1919  Sir Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji     (s.a.)
16 Jul 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji      (b. 1912 - d. 1965)
                             (from 9 Jun 1938, Sir Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji)
16 Jul 1919 - 18 Apr 1931 
Sir Pattani Prabhashankar          (b. 1862 - d. 1938)
                             Dalpatram
-Regent

                             (chairman of council administration)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1817                     Jibhai Raghavji
bf.1822 - 1826             Narsidas Ladharam
1826 – 1828                Shewakram Desai
1828 - 1847                Pramanandas Ranchordas
1846 - 1879                Azam Gaurishankar Udayashankar     (s.a.)
                           + Desai Santokram Shewakram
                             (1847 - c.1866)
1879 – 1884                Shri Samaldas
1884 – 1899                Vithaldas Samaldas
1899 - 1937                Sir Pattani Prabhashankar          (s.a.)
                             Dalpatram
(acting to 1902)
1937 - Jan 1948            Anantrai Prabhashankar Pattani



Bhopal

[Bhopal]

Map of Bhopal
Capital: Bhopal
Population: 729,955 (1931)

1723                       Bhopal state founded
1817                       British protectorate.
26 Aug 1947                Accession to India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1723 - Mar 1728            Dost Mohammad Khan                 (b. c.1672 - d. 1728)
Mar 1728 - 1742            Soltan Mohammad Khan               (b. 1720 - d. ....)
Mar 1728 - 30 Aug 1728     Sardar Aqil Muhammad Khan -Regent
30 Aug 1728 - 1742         Yar Mohammad Khan -Regent          (b. 1709 - d. 1742)
1742 - 12 Dec 1777         Fayz Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1731 - d. 1777)
12 Dec 1777 - 30 Dec 1807  Hayat Mohammad Khan                (b. 1736 - d. 1807)
30 Dec 1807 - 28 Aug 1826  Ghows Mohammad Khan                (b. 1767 - d. 1826)
30 Dec 1807 - 16 Mar 1816  Wazir al-Molk Wazir Mohammad       (b. 1765 - d. 1816)
                             Khan -Regent
17 Mar 1816 - 11 Nov 1819  Naser al-Dowla Naser Mohammad      (b. c.1798 - d. 1819)
                             Khan -Regent
11 Nov 1819 - 30 Nov 1837  Qodsiyya Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1801 - d. 1881)
28 Aug 1826 - 30 Nov 1837  Mo'izz Mohammad Khan               (b. bf.1808 - d. 1869)
30 Nov 1837 -  9 Dec 1844  Jahangir Mohammad Khan             (b. 1816 - d. 1844)
Rulers (title Nawab Begam)
 9 Dec 1844 - 30 Apr 1860  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
                             (1st time)              
 9 Dec 1844 -  3 Jan 1847  Fawdjar Mohammad Khan -Regent      (b. 1811 - d. af.1847)
 3 Jan 1847 - 30 Apr 1860  Sikander Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1818 - d. 1868)
30 Apr 1860 - 30 Oct 1868  Sikander Begam (f)                 (s.a.)
                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Dame Sikander Begam)
30 Oct 1868
- 16 Jun 1901  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
                             (from 31 May 1872, Dame
Soltan Shah Jahan Begam)           
16 Jun 1901 - 29 Apr 1926  Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam (f)  (b. 1858 - d. 1930)
                             (from 1 Jan 1910, Dame Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam)
Ruler (title Nawab) 
29 Apr 1926 - 26 Aug 1947  Mohammad Hamidollah Khan Iskandar
                             Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur  (b. 1894 - d. 1960)
                            (from 3 Jun 1929, Sir
Mohammad Hamidollah
                             Khan Iskandar
Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur)

British Political Agents in Bhopal
1818 - 24 Jun 1824         William Henley                     (d. 1824)
1824 - 1828                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1828 - 1834                Nathaniel Alves
1834 - 1841                Lancelot Wilkinson                 (b. 1805 - d. 1841)  
1841 -  9 Dec 1845         Henry Willoughby Trevelyan         (b. 1803 - d. 1876)
1845 - 1846                William Frederick Eden (1st time)  (b. 1814 - d. 1867)
                             (acting)
1846 - 1849                Joseph Davey Cunningham            (b. 1812 - d. 1851)
1849 - 1853                Henry Marion Durand                (b. 1812 - d. 1871)
1853 - 1854                Samuel Charteris MacPherson        (b. 1806 - d. 1860)
1854 - Aug 1856            William Frederick Eden (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Aug 1856 - 1859            William Henry Rickards 
1859                       W. Gordon-Cumming
1859 - 1860                A.R.E. Hutchinson (1st time)
1860 - 1861                A.L. McMullin
1861 - 1863
                A.R.E. Hutchinson (2nd time)
1863 - 19 Jan 1874         John William Willoughby Osborne    (b. 1833 - d. 1881)
                             (1st time)
17 Mar 1869 –  7 Apr 1869  John Reef Ouseley
                             (
acting for Osborne)
 7 Apr 1869 - 25 Mar 1871  Edward Thompson (acting for Osborne)
19 Jan 1874 – 31 Jan 1874  Dalrymple
31 Jan 1874 - Oct 1875     Henry Clement Barstow (acting)     (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
1875 - 1876                John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1876 - Sep 1876            Hamilton Forbes (interim)          (b. 1824 - d. 1891)
Sep 1876 - 17 Jul 1878     William Kincaid (1st time)         (b. 1831 - d. 1909)
17 Jul 1878 - 29 Mar 1879  John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
29 Mar 1879 – 29 Nov 1880  William Francis Prideaux           (b. 1840 - d. 1914)
29 Nov 1880 -  8 Jun 1881  Patrick Wilson Bannerman           (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
 8 Jun 1881 - 1887         William Kincaid (2nd time)         (s.a.)
Feb 1885 - May 1885        Donald Robertson                   (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
                             (acting for Kincaid)
Mar 1887 - 1890            Henry Wylie                        (b. 1844 - d. 1918)
 
8 Jul 1889 –  8 Oct 1889  George Richard Peart               (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
                             (acting for Wylie)
Jul 1890 - Apr 1891        Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
Apr 1891 – May 1891        George Richard Peart               (s.a.)
May 1891 – 1891            Charles Ransford
1891 – Dec 1891            Donald Robertson    
Dec 1891 – 17 May 1897     Malcolm J. Meade                   (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
1894                       Michael Augustus Tighe             (b. 1861 - d. 1932)
                             (acting for Meade)
 1 May 1895 - 27 Jun 1895  Lawrence Impey (1st time)(acting)  (b. 1862 - d. 1944)
27 Jun 1895 – 11 Jul 1895 
Arthur Henry Coles Dane
11 Jul 1895 – 1896         Joseph Henry Newill                (b. 1844 - d. 1929)
1896                       Charles Arnold Kemball             (b. 1860 - d. 1943)
May 1897 - 1900            Lindsay Sherwood Newmarch          (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
1899 - 1900                Oswald Vivian Bosanquet (acting)   (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
Dec 1900 - Mar 1902        John Lang
Mar 1902 - Jun 1904        Lawrence Impey (2nd time)          (s.a.)
Jun 1904 - 1905            John Manners-Smith                 (b. 1864 - d. 1920)
Mar 1905 -  2 Aug 1905     Charles Hamerton Pritchard         (b. 1863 - d. 1916)
 3 Aug 1905 - 21 Nov 1905  Charles Eckford Luard              (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
21 Nov 1905 – 12 Feb 1906  John Russell Colquhoun Colvin      (b. 1858 - d. 1935)
13 Feb 1906 –  5 Mar 1906  J.W. Grant                         (d. 1906)
 6 Mar 1906 - 1910         Steuart Farqharson Bayley          (b. 1863 - d. 1938)
                             (1st time)
Apr 1910 - 1912            Philip Trevor Augustine Spence
Mar 1912 - Jul 1920        Walter Stewart Davis               (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
1913 - 1914                Steuart Farqharson Bayley          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
1918 - 1919                Charles Aitchison Smith (acting)   (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
Mar 1919 - 1920
            Charles Eckford Luard (1st time)   (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
1920 - 1921                C.B. McConaghy (acting)
29 Apr 1921 - 23 Oct 1921  Hugh Robert Norman Pritchard       (b. 1879 - d. 19..)
                             (acting)
1921 - 1923                Charles Eckford Luard (2nd time)   (s.a.)
21 Jun 1923 - 18 Feb 1924  Leslie Maurice Crump               (b. 1875 - d. 1929)
14 Mar 1924 - 1925         Arthur Roylance Jelf               (b. 1875 - d. bf.1941)
 9 Apr 1925 – 24 Nov 1926  Cecil Hamilton Gabriel             (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
12 Oct 1926 –  6 May 1927  Walter Gordon Neale (1st time)     (b. 1880 - d. 1966)
 6 May 1927 – 30 Jun 1927  Harold Wilberforce-Bell            (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
May 1928 - 1928?           Denis Grey Wilson (1st time)       (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
20 Aug 1927 – 25 May 1928  Walter Gordon Neale (2nd time)     (s.a.)
26 May 1928 - 1928?        Denis Grey Wilson (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1928? - 1929               Wilfrid James Simpson (acting)     (b. 1885 - d. 19..)
21 Mar 1929 – 10 Sep 1930  Leonard Glyde Lavington Evans      (b. 1888 - d. 19..)
 5 Oct 1930 – 23 Nov 1930  Reginald Graham Hinde              (b. 1887 - d. 1982)
24 Nov 1930 –  4 Apr 1931  Duncan George Mackenzie            (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
14 Apr 1931 – 23 Apr 1933  Reginald Graham Hinde              (b. 1887 - d. 1971)
23 Apr 1933 – 14 Nov 1933  Lionel Edward Lang                 (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
15 Nov 1933 – 12 Aug 1935  Henry William Cumine Robson
                             (1st time)(acting)

13 Aug 1935 – 18 Jan 1936  W
illiam le Belward Egerton         (b. 1901 - d. 1947)
20 Jan 1936 – 25 Mar 1936  Henry William Cumine Robson
                            
(2nd time)
26 Mar 1936 – Sep 1939
    Geoffrey Baynton Williams          (b. 1896 - d. 19..)

24 Sep 1936 –  1 Nov 1936  Derrick Gordon Harington Hawes     (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
                             (acting for Williams)
Sep 1939 - 1940            Philip Gaisford                    (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
Feb 1940 - 1940            Leonard Coke Wallis                (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
 9 Apr 1940 - 1942         Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards          (b. 1896 - d. 1964)
15 Nov 1942 - 1944?        George Arthur Falconer             (b. 1894 - d. 1981)
Apr 1944 - 1945            Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey         (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
May 1945 - 1945            John Richard Landon Bradshaw       (b. 1896 - d. 1984)
14 Nov 1945 - 1947         Basil Woods-Ballard                (d. 1980)
1947 - Aug 1947            Anthony Edward Gains Davy          (b. 1908)
                            (continues as political advisor to the
Nawab to 1949)      



Bhor

[Bhor]

1697                       Bhor state founded.

Rulers (title Pant Sachiv)
1697 - 1707                Shankarji Narayan                  (d. 1707) 
1707 - Mar 1737            Naro                               (d. 1737)
1737 - 1757                Chimnaji I                         (d. 1757) 
1757 - 1787                Sadasiv Rao                        (d. 1787)
1787 - 1791                Raghunath Rao                      (d. 1791)
1797 - 1798                Shankr Rao I                       (d. 1798)
1798 - 1827                Chimnaji Rao II                    (d. 1827)
1827 - 1837                Raghunath Rao I Chimnaji Rao       (d. 1837)
1837 - 12 Feb 1871         Chimnaji Rao III Raghunath Rao     (d. 1871)
12 Feb 1871 - 17 Jul 1922  Shankr Rao II Chimnaji Rao         (b. 1854 - d. 1922)
1922 - Jun 1936            Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao        (b. 1878 - d. 1951)
                             "Baba Sahib"
Raja
Jun 1936 - 1947            Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao        (s.a.)
                             "Baba Sahib"
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao)
1947 - 15 Aug 1947         Sadashiv Rao "Bhav Sahib"          (b. 1904 - d. ....)


Bhutan (Bhootan): see under Bhutan

Bihar see: Koch Bihar


Bija

bf.1803                    Bija state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1815 - 1817                Man Chand                          (d. 1817)
1817 - 1841                Pratap Chand                       (d. 1841)
1841 - 1905                Udai Chand                         (b. 1829 - d. 1905)
1905 - 15 Aug 1947         Puran Chand



Bijawar

1765                       Bijawar state founded.
27 Mar 1811                British protectorate.

Rajas
1765 - 1793                Bir Singh Deo                      (d. 1793)
1793 - 1802                Himmat Bahadur (usurper)           (d. 1804)
1802 - Dec 1810            Keshri Singh                       (d. 1810)
1811 - 17 Dec 1833         Ratan Singh                        (d. 1833)
1833 - 1847                Lakshman Singh                     (d. 1847)
23 Nov 1847 - 1866         Bham Pratap Singh                  (b. 1842 - d. 1899)
Maharajas (title from 1877, Sawai Maharaja)
1866 - 15 Sep 1899         Bham Pratap Singh                  (s.a.)
15 Sep 1899 - 30 Oct 1940  Savant Singh                       (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
                            
(from 12 Dec 1911, Sir Savant Singh)
30 Oct 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1934 - d. 1983)



Bikanir (Bikaner)

[Bikanir (Bikaner)]

1465                       Bikanir state founded.
 9 Mar 1818                British protectorate.

Maharajas
19 Jun 1698 - 15 Dec 1700  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1689 - d. 1700)
15 Dec 1700 - 16 Dec 1735  Sujan Singh                        (b. 1690 - d. 1735)
16 Dec 1735 - 15 May 1746  Zorawar Singh                      (b. 1713 - d. 1746)
15 May 1746 - 25 Mar 1787  Gaj Singh                          (b. 1723 - d. 1787)
25 Mar 1787 - 25 Apr 1787  Raj Singh II                       (b. 1744 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 -  9 Oct 1787  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1781 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 - 25 Mar 1828  Surat Singh (Regent to 9 Oct 1787) (b. 1766 - d. 1828)
25 Mar 1828 -  7 Aug 1851  Ratan Singh                        (b. 1790 - d. 1851)
 7 Aug 1851 - 16 May 1872  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1818 - d. 1872)
16 May 1872 - 19 Aug 1887  Dungar Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1887)
19 Aug 1887 -  2 Feb 1943  Ganga Singh                        (b. 1880 - d. 1943)
                             (from 24 Jul 1901, Sir Ganga Singh)
19 Aug 1887 - 16 Dec 1898  the British Political Agents -
Regent
 2 Feb 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Sadul Singh                        (b. 1902 - d. 1950)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1946, Sir Sadul Singh)

Dewans (chief ministers)
17.. - 26 Feb 1733         Anand Ram Khawas                   (d. 1733)
1735? - Feb 1751           Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (1st time)  (b. 1707 - d. 1779)
Feb 1751 - 1752            Amar Singh Chaturbhujani
1752 - 1756                Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1756 - Dec 1757            Mohata Prithvi Singh
1757 - 1762                Mohata Bakhtawar Singh
(3rd time)  (s.a.)
1762 - Sep 1765            Shah Mool Chand Bardiya
Sep 1765 - 1779            Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (4th time)  (s.a.)
1779 - 178.                Mehta Swaroop Singh
178. - 1787                Mehta Thakursi
1787 - 1791                Mohata Madho Rai
1791 - 1794                Pratap Mal Baid
1794 - 1805                Mohata Rao Sahib Singh Gun Roop
Apr 1805 - Apr 1815        Amar Chand Surana
Apr 1815 - Feb 1816        Mohata Bhomji
Feb 1816 - 1828            Abhai Singh Mohata
1828 - 184.                Hindu Mal Baid
c.1841                     Sri Narayan Singh Bhati
1844 - 1852?               Sarana Shri Lakshmichand
1852 - 1853                Guman Singh Baid (1st time)
1853 - 1853                Leeladhar Mohata
                           + Jalam Chand Kochar
1853 - 1854                Lachhi Ram Rakhecha
1854 - 1856                Guman Singh Baid (2nd time)
1856                       Pandit Dojainant
1856 - 1863                Ram Lal Dwarkani (1st time)
1864 - 1865                Guman Singh Baid (3rd time)
1865 - 1866                Ram Lal Dwarkani (2nd time)
1866                       Man Mal Rakhecha
1866  (
3 months)           Sheo Lal Nahata                   
1867  (
15 days)            Fateh Chand Surana
1867                       Ganga Ram Purohit
1867                       Shah Mal Kochar
1868                       Man Mal Rakhecha
1868                       Sheo Lal Mohata
1868                       Lakshmi Chand Nahata
Jun 1868 - Aug 1869        Visayat Hussain
Aug 1869 - 13 Dec 1873     Pandit Manphool
Dec 1873 - 188.            Maharaj Lal Singh
188. - 1884?               Maharao Hira Singh Baid
1884 - 11 Oct 1888         Amin Muhammad
12 Dec 1888 - 1896         Sodhi Hukam Singh
1896 - 1898                Raghubar Singh Chauhan
1898 - 1903                Hamidu Zafar Khan
1903 - 1916                Post abolished
Chief ministers
1916 - 19..                Shri Bhairon Singh
 7 Sep 1920 - Jan 1925     Sadul Singh                        (s.a.)
Dewans
1927 - 1934                Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta         (b. 1868 - d. 1946)
 3 Oct 1932 - 31 Oct 1934  Ram Prasad Dube (acting)
 1 Nov 1934 - Jan 1936     Maharaj Shri Sir Bhairun Singh     (b. 1879 - d. 19..)
Jan 1936 - Dec 1936        Thakur Sadul Singh
Dec 1936 - 14 Jan 1938     Vinayak Nandshanker Mehta
14 Jan 1938 - Jul 1939     Kailash Narain Haksar              (b. 1878 - d. 1954)
Jul 1939 - 1944?           Sire Mal Bapna                     (b. 1882 - d. 1964)
1944 - 13 Mar 1948         Kavalam Madhava Panikkar           (b. 1895 - d. 1963)
14 Mar 1948 - Oct 1948     Kanwar Jaswant Singh
Oct 1948 - 30 Mar 1949     Cadambi Sheshachar Venkatachar     (b. 1899 - d. 1999)



Bilaspur

[Bilaspur]

c.697                      Kahlur state (later called Bilaspur) founded.
 6 Mar 1815                British protectorate.

Rajas
1692 - 1741                Ajmer Chand                        (d. 1741)
1741 - 1778                Devi Chand                         (d. 1778)
1778 - 1824                Mohan Chand                        (b. 1772 - d. 1824)
1824 - 29 Mar 1839         Kharak Chand                       (b. 1813 - d. 1839)
Apr 1839 - 1850            Jagat Chand                        (d. 1857)
1850 - Jan 1883            Hira Chand                         (b. 1835 - d. 1883)
Jan 1883 -  3 Feb 1889     Amar Chand                         (b. 1854 - d. 1889)
 3 Feb 1889 - 18 Feb 1927  Bijai Chand                        (b. 1873 - d. 1931)
                             (from 4 Jun 1917, Sir Bijai Chand)
18 Feb 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Tikka Anand Chand                  (b. 1913 - d. 1983)
                             (from 14 Jun 1945, Sir
Anand Chand)
18 Feb 1927 -  9 Jan 1933  .... -Regent


Bonai

Rajas
1804 - 1851                Dayanidhi Chandra Deo              (d. 1851)
1851 - 1876                Chandra Deo                        (b. 1805 - d. 1876)
12 Sep 1876 - 1898         Indra Deo                          (b. 1836/38 - d. 1898)
1898 - 19 Feb 1902         Nilambar Chandra Deo               (b. 18.. - d. 1902)
19 Feb 1902 - 1947?        Dharani Dhar Deo                   (b. 1884 - d. 19..)



Bundi

[Bundi
                      (Indian Princely State) state flag]                             to 1947 State flag
[Bundi
                      (Indian Princely State) royal flag]                        18.. - 1947  Royal flag

1342                       Bundi state founded.
10 Feb 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao Raja; from 1821, Maharao Raja)
1696 - 1735                Budh Singh                         (b. 16.. - d. 1739)
1735 - 1749                Dalel Singh
1749 - 1770                Umaid Singh (1st time)             (b. 1729 - d. 1804)
1770 - 1773                Ajit Singh                         (d. 1773)
1773 - 1804                Umaid Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1804 - 14 May 1821         Bishen Singh                       (b. 1773 - d. 1821)
14 May 1821 - 28 Mar 1889  Ram Singh                          (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Ram Singh)
28 Mar 1889 - 26 Jul 1927  Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1869 - d. 1927)

                             (from 1 Jan 1894, Sir Raghubir Singh)
26 Jul 1927 - 23 Apr 1945  Ishvari Singh                      (b. 1893 - d. 1945)

                             (from 11 May 1937, Sir Ishvari Singh)
23 Apr 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1920 - d. 1977)


Calicut: see Kozhikode
Cambay: see Kambay

Cannanore: see Kannanur

Carnatic: see Arkat


Chamba

[Chamba]

c.550                      Chamba state founded.
900                        Capital moved to Chamba.
1809 - 1846                Tributary to Jammu.
 9 Mar 1846                British protectorate.

Rajas
1690 - 1720                Udai Singh                         (d. 1720)
1720 - 1735                Ugra Singh -Regent                 (d. 1735)

1735 - 1748                Dalel Singh
1748 - 13 May 1764         Umed Singh                         (b. 1725 - d. 1764)
13 May 1764 - 1794         Raj Singh                          (b. 1755 - d. 1794)
1794 - 1808                Jit Singh                          (b. 1775 - d. 1808)
1808 - 1844                Charhat Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1844)
1808 - 1821                Rani Sarada Sahiba (f) -Regent
1844 -  3 Oct 1870         Sri Singh                          (b. 1839 - d. 1870)
 3 Oct 1870 - 17 Apr 1873  Gopal Singh                        (b. 1840 - d. 1895)
17 Apr 1873 - 22 Jan 1904  Sham Singh                         (b. 1866 - d. 1905)
17 Apr 1873 - Jul 1884     Regency
                           - Blair Reid (to 5 Mar 1877)
                           - R.T. Burney
                             (5 Mar 1877 - 7 Oct 1879)
                           - C.H.T. Marshall
                             (7 Oct 1879 - Jul 1884)
22 Jan 1904 -  6 Oct 1919  Bhuri Singh                        (b. 1869 - d. 1919)

                             (from 1 Jan 1906, Sir Bhuri Singh)
 6 Oct 1919 -  7 Dec 1935  Ram Singh                          (b. 1890 - d. 1935)

 7 Dec 1935 - 15 Aug 1947  Tikka Lakshman Singh               (b. 1924 - d. 1971)
 7 Dec 1935 -  8 May 1945  .... -Regent



Chang Bhakar (Changbhakar)

c.1790                     Changbhakar estate (zamindari) under Korea.
1819                       Changbhakar estate recognized as a state. 

 
Rajas (title from 1865, Bhaiya)
1819 - 18..                Man Singh Deo
1848 - 1865                Janjit Singh Deo
 1 Dec 1865 - 1897         Balabhadra Singh Deo               (b. c.1825 - d. ....)
1897 - 1932                Mahabir Singh Deo                  (b. 1879 - d. 1932)
1932 - 1947                Krishna Pratap Singh Deo
1932 - 1946                .... -Regent



Chanderi 

1858                       Annexed by Gwalior.

Rulers
1646 - 1714                Debi Singh
1717 - 1733                Duraj Singh
1733 - 17..                Durjan Singh
17.. - 1760                Man Singh
1760 - 1774                Anirudh Singh
1774 - 1778                Hati Singh
1778 - 1802                Ram Chand
1802                       Parjapal
1802 - 1842                Mur Pahlad
1842 - 1858                Mardan Singh



Charkhari

[Charkhari]
               c.1900 - 1947

1765                       Charkari state founded.

Rajas
1765 - 1782                Khuman Singh                       (d. 1782)
1782 - 22 Nov 1829         Vijay Bahadur Singh                (b. 17.. - d. 1829)
1829 - 1860                Ratan Singh                        (b. 1815 - d. 1860)
1860 - 1880                Jai Singh Deo                      (b. 1850 - d. 1880)
Maharajas
1880 -  6 Jul 1908         Malkhan Singh                      (b. 1872 - d. 1908)
                             (from 26 Jun 1902, Sir Malkhan Singh)
 6 Jul 1908 - 1914         Jujhar Singh

1914 -  5 Oct 1920         Ganga Singh
 6 Oct 1920 -  8 Nov 1941  Sir Arimardan Singh                (b. 1903 - d. 1941)
 8 Nov 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagendra Singh                     (b. 1929 - d. 1977)



Chhatarpur

[Chhatarpur]

1785                       Chhatarpur state founded.

Rajas
1785 - 1816                Kunwar Sone Shah                   (d. 1816)
1816 - 1854                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1854)
1854 - 14 Nov 1867         Jaghat Singh                       (b. 1846 - d. 1867)
14 Nov 1867 - 1919         Vishvanath Singh                   (b. 1866 - d. 1932)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 25 May 1895)
Maharajas

1919 -  5 Apr 1932         Vishvanath Singh                   (s.a.)
                             (from 2 Jan 1928, Sir Vishvanath Singh)
 5 Apr 1932 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1921 - d. 2006)


Chhaya: see Porbandar


Chhota Udaipur (Chhota Udepur)

[Chhota Udaipur]

1743                       Chhota Udaipur state founded.
21 Oct 1822                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1743 - 1762                Pratapsinhji
1762 - 1771                Arsisinhji
1771 - 1777                Hamirsinhji II
1777 - 1819                Bhimsinhji                         (d. 1819)
1819 - 1822                Prithi Raj                         (d. 1822)
1822 - 1851                Gumansimhji                        (d. 1851)
1851 - Jul 1881            Jitsimhji                          (b. 1832 - d. 1881)
 7 Jul 1881 - 1895         Motisimhji Jitsimhji               (b. 1859 - d. 1895)
30 Feb 1895 - 29 Aug 1923  Fatehsinhji Motisimhji             (b. 1884 - d. 1923)
30 Feb 1895 - Mar 1906     .... -Regent
29 Aug 1923 - 15 Oct 1946  Natwarsinhji Fatehsinhji           (b. 1906 - d. 1946)
15 Oct 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Virendrasinhji Natwarsinhji        (b. 1907 - d. 2005)



Chhuikadan (Chhuikhadan)

[Chhuikadan]

1750                       Chhuikadan (Chhuikhadan) estate (zamindari) founded.
1865                       Status of feudatory chief conferred by British authorities,
                             Chhuikadan state.

Rulers (title Mahant)
1750 - 1780                Rup Das
1780 - ....                Tulsi Das
.... - 1845                Balmakund Das
1845 - Dec 1887            Lakshman Das
13 Dec 1887 - 1896         Shyam Kishor Das                   (b. 1838 - d. 1896)
1896 - 1898                Radha Ballabh Kishor Das           (d. 1898)
1898 - 30 Sep 1903         Digvijay Yugal Kishor Das          (b. c.1883 - d. 1903)
30 Sep 1903 - 1940         Bhudav Kishor Das                  (b. 1891 - d. 19..)
1940 - 15 Aug 1947         Ritu Purna
Kishor Das              (b. 1922)


Chitral: see Pakistani Princely States

Chuda (Chura)

1707                       Chuda state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1707 - 1747                Abhasinhji Madhavsinhji            (d. 1747)
1747 - 1768                Raisinhji Abhasinhji               (d. 1768)
1768 - 1780                Gajsinhji Raisinhji                (d. 1780) 
1780 - 1820                Hathisinhji Gajsinhji              (d. 1820)
1820 - 1830                Abhasinhji Hathisinhji
1830 - 1854                Raisinhji Abhasinhji
24 Jul 1854 - 13 Jan 1908  Bacharsinhji Raisinhji             (b. 1840 - d. 1908)
22 Feb 1908 - 20 Jan 1921  Jorawarsinhji Bacharsinhji         (b. 1886 - d. 1921)
20 Jan 1921 - 1947         Bahadursinhji Jorawarsinhji        (b. 1909 - d. 19..)
20 Jan 1920 -  7 Feb 1929  .... -Regent


Cochin: see Kochin

Cooch Behar: see Koch Bihar

Coorg: see Kodagu

Cutch: see Kachh


Danta

[Danta]

1068                       Danta state founded.

Rulers (title Maharana)
1687 - 1743                Prithvisimhji Gajsimhji            (d. 1743)
1743                       Vikramdeoji
1743 - 17..                Karansimhji

17.. - 17.. (5 years)      Ratansimhji Karansimhji
17.. - 1795                Abhaisimhji Karansimhji            (d. 1795)
1795 - 1800                Mansimhji II Abhaisimhji           (d. 1800)
1800 - 1823                Jagatsimhji Abhaisimhji            (d. 1823)
1823 - 1847                Narsimhji Abhaisimhji
1847 - 1859                Jhalamsimhji Narsimhji
1859 - 1860                Sardarsimhji Jhalamsimhji
1860 -  1 Dec 1876         Harisimhji Narsimhji               (b. 1817 - d. 1876)
 1 Dec 1876 - 1908         Jashwantsimhji Harisimhji          (b. 1850 - d. 1908)
16 Jun 1908 - 1925         Hamirsimhji Jashwantsimhji         (b. 1869 - d. 1925)
20 Nov 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhavanisimhji Hamirsimhji          (b. 1899 - d. 1961)
                             (from 2 Jan 1939, Sir
Bhavanisimhji Hamirsimhji) 


Daphlapur (Daflepur)

1680                       Daphlapur (Daflepur) founded.
27 Jan 1917                Incorporated into Jath.
 
Rulers (title Deshmukh)
1680 - 1703                Satvaji Rao I                      (d. 1706)
1703 - 1704                Bovaji Rao                         (d. 1704)
1704 - 1748               
Yesu Bai "Au Sahib" (f)            (d. 1754)
1748 - 1759                
Yeshwant Rao                       (d. 1759)
1759 - 1790                Amrit Rao I                        (d. 1790)
1790 - 1810                Khanji Rao                         (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
1810 - 1822                Renkuka Bai (f) -Regent            (d. 1822)
                             (administrator from 1816)
1822 - Dec 1885            Satvaji Rao II                     (b. 1797 - d. 1885)
Dec 1885 - 13 Jan 1917    
Ranibai Lakshmibai Saheb (f)       (b. 1834 - d. 1917)



Darkoti

10..                       Darkoti state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - 1787                ....
1787 - ....                Bal Ram        

.... - 1815                Jathu Ram                 
1815 - 1854                Sutes Ram                          (d. 1854)
1854 - 1856                Paras Ram                          (d. 1856)
1856 - 1883                Ram Singh                          (b. 1815 - d. 1883)
15 Oct 1883 - 24 Sep 1918  Ramsaran Singh                     (b. 1843 - d. 1918)
24 Sep 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Raghunath Singh                    (b. 1881 - d. 1951)



Daspalla

[Daspalla]

14..                       Daspalla state founded.

Rulers
1653 - 1701                Chakradhar Deo Bhanj 
1701 - 1753                Padmanav Deo Bhanj  
1753 - 1775                Trilochan Deo Bhanj 
1775 - 1795                Makunda Bhank Deo Bhanj 
1795 - 1805                Guri Charan Deo Bhanj 
1805 - 1845                Krishna Chanda Deo Bhanj  
1845 - 1861                Madhusudan Deo Bhanj  
1861 - Jan 1873            Narsimha Deo Bhanj  
28 Jan 1873 - 21 May 1874  Chaitan Deo Bhanj                  (b. 1854 - d. 1897)
Rajas
21 May 1874 - 1896         Chaitan Deo Bhanj                  (s.a.)
1896 - 11 Dec 1913         Narayan Deo Bhanj                  (b. 1860 - d. 1913) 
11 Dec 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Bhanj           (b. 1908 - d. 1960)
11 Dec 1913 -  3 Mar 1930  .... -Regent



Datia

1626                       Datia state founded.
31 Jul 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao)
1683 - 1706                Dalpat Singh
1706 - 1733                Ramchandra Singh                   (d. 1733)
1733 - 1762                Indrajit Singh
1762 - 1801                Satrujit Singh
1801 - 182.                Parichhat Singh                    (d. 1839)
Rajas
182. - 1839                Parichhat Singh                    (s.a.)
1839 - 20 Nov 1857         Bijai Singh                        (b. 1826 - d. 1857)
20 Nov 1857 -  4 Aug 1865  Bhavani Singh                      (b. 1846 - d. 1907)
Maharajas (title from 1 Jan 1877, Maharaja Lokindra)
 4 Aug 1865 -  4 Aug 1907  Bhavani Singh                      (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1898, Sir Bhavani Singh)
 5 Aug 1907 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1886 - d. 1951)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Govind Singh)



Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch)

[Dewas Junior Branch]

1728                       Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch) state founded.
12 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rajas
1728 - 15 Aug 1774         Jivaji Rao Puar "Dada Sahib"       (d. 1774)
15 Aug 1774 -  2 Dec 1790  Sadashiv Rao I Puar                (d. 1790)
 2 Dec 1790 - 1817         Rukmangad Rao Puar                 (b. 17.. - d. 1817)
1817 - 1840                Anand Rao Puar "Rao Sahib"         (d. 1840)
1840 - 12 May 1864         Haibat Rao Puar                    (d. 1864)
12 May 1864 - 19 Jan 1892  Narayan Rao Puar "Dada Sahib"      (b. 1860 - d. 1892)
12 May 1864 - 1877         Regency
                           - Yamuna Bai Sahib (regent)      
  (d. af.1908)
                           - Rao Bahadur Raoji Janardhan Bhide
                             (superintendent)
19 Jan 1892 -  1 Jan 1918  Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"      (b. 1877 - d. 1934)
                             (from 1 Jan 1917, Sir
Malhar Rao Puar)
19 Jan 1892 - Nov 1897     Lala Bisheshas Nath -Regent
Maharajas

 1 Jan 1918 -  4 Feb 1934  Sir Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"  (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1934 -  2 Dec 1943  Sadashiv Rao II Puar "Khasi Sahib" (b. 1887 - d. 1943)
 2 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Yeshwant Rao Puar "Bhav Sahib"     (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
                             (from 14 Aug 1947, Sir
Yeshwant Rao Puar)



Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch)

(Dewas Senior Branch)

1728                       Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch) state founded.
12 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rajas
1728 - 16 Nov 1754         Tukaji Rao I Puar                  (b. c.1696 - d. 1754)
16 Nov 1754 - 24 Mar 1789  Krishnaji Rao I Puar               (b. 1740 - d. 1789)
16 Nov 1754 - 1756         Rani Savitribai (f) -Regent
24 Mar 1789 - 28 Sep 1827  Tukaji Rao II Puar                 (b. 1783 - d. 1827)

24 Mar 1789 -  4 Oct 1794  Rani Gangabai (f) -Regent
28 Sep 1827 - 26 Jul 1860  Rukmangad Tukaji Rao Puar          (b. 1821 - d. 1860)
                             "Khasi Sahib" 
28 Sep 1827 - 1835         Bhawanibai Raje Sahib (f) -Regent  (d. 1835)
26 Jul 1860 - 12 Oct 1899  Krishnaji Rao II Puar              (b. 1849 - d. 1899)
                             "Baba Sahib" 
26 Oct 1860 - 23 Mar 1867  Maharani Yamunabai (f) -Regent     (b. 1829 - d. 1909)
12 Oct 1899 -  1 Jan 1918  Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao     (b. 1888 - d. 1937)
                             Bapu Sahib"
                             (from 12 Dec 1911, Sir
Tukaji Rao III Puar)
Maharajas
 1 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1937  Sir Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao (s.a.)
                             Bapu Sahib"
                             (fled to
Pondicherry, French India 26 Jul 1934)
21 Dec 1937 - 23 Mar 1947  Vikramasimha Rao Puar "Nana Sahib" (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
                             (from 12 Jun 1941, Sir Vikramasimha Rao Puar)
                             (administrator from 26 Jul 1934)
11 Aug 1941 - 15 May 1943  Maharani Pramulabai (f) -Regent    (b. 1910 - d. 2008)
                             (1st time)

23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnaji Rao III Puar "Aba Sahib" (b. 1932 - d. 1999)
23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947
 Maharani Pramulabai (f) -Regent    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)



Dhadi

18..                       Dhadi state founded, split from Tharoch.
18.. - 18..                Tributary to Tharoch.
18.. - 1896                Tributary to
Bashahr.
1896 - 1947                Tributary to Jubbal.

Rulers (title Thakur)

18.. - 184.                Kesar Singh                        (d. 184.)
184. - 1868                Badri Singh                        (d. 1868)
1868 - 1897                Narayan Singh                      (d. 1897)
1897 - 1905                Bir Singh                          (b. 18.. - d. 1905)
16 Oct 1905 - 1947         Dharam Singh                       (b. 1888 - d. 1953)



Dhami

[Dhami]

.... - 1803                Tributary to Bilaspur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana)
1778 - 1803                Dalel Singh                        (d. 1803)
1803 - 1813                Pritam Singh                       (d. 1813)
1815 - 1868                Govardhan Singh                    (b. c.1802 - d. 1868)
1868 - 1894                Fateh Singh                        (b. 1855 - d. 1894)
1894 - Jan 1920            Hira Singh                         (b. 1878 - d. 1920)
Jan 1920 - 15 Aug 1947     Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1908 - d. 1987)



Dhar

[Dhar]

Capital: Dhar
(Dharanagar 1732 -....,
Multhan 1728-1732)
Population: 253,210  (1941)
243,430
(1931) 

1728                       Dhar state founded.
10 Jan 1819                British protectorate.
14 Feb 1858 -  1 May 1860  State sequestrated by British India.

Rajas
1728 - 1731                Udaji Rao I Puar                   (b. 1708 - d. c.1732)
1731 - Jun 1736            Anand Rao I Puar                   (d. 1749)
Jun 1736 -  6 Jan 1761     Jashwant Rao I Puar                (b. 1724 - d. 1761)
 6 Jan 1761 - 1782         Khande Rao Puar                    (b. c.1758 - d. 1782)

 6 Jan 1761 - 1777         Rani Gahena Bai Raje (f) -Regent
1782 - 10 Jun 1807         Anand Rao II Puar                  (b. 1782 - d. 1807)

1782 - 1798                Rani Nubadha Bai Raje (f) -Regent
Dec 1807 - 1810            Ramchandra Rao I Puar              (b. 1807 - d. 1810)
Dec 1807 - 1810            Maina Bai Raje Puar (f) -Regent    (b. 1792 - d. 1850) 
                             (1st time)
1810 - 17 Oct 1833         Ramchandra Rao II Puar             (b. 1805 - d. 1833)

1810 - 1827                Maina Bai Raje Puar (f) -Regent    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
17 Oct 1833
 - 23 May 1857  Jashwant Rao II Puar               (b. 1823 - d. 1857)
23 May 1857 - 14 Feb 1858  Anand Rao III Puar (1st time)      (b. 1844 - d. 1898)

23 Jan 1857 - 14 Feb 1858  Draupadi Bai Raje Puar (f) -Regent (b. 1828 - d. 1860)
14 Feb 1858 -  1 May 1860  administered by British India

 1 May 1860 - 29 Jul 1898  Anand Rao III Puar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Anand Rao III Puar)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1877)
 1 May 1860 -  1 Oct 1864 
Council of Regency
29 Jul 1898 -  1 Jan 1918  Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib"     (b. 1886 - d. 1926)

                             (from 12 Dec 1911, Sir Udaji Rao II Puar)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 31 Jun 1899)

29 Jul 1898 - 1907         Thakur Lachhman Singh of           (b. 1870 - d. 19..)
                             Bagsuri -Regent

Maharajas

 1 Jan 1918 - 30 Jul 1926  Sir Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib" (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Anand Rao IV Puar                  (b. 1920 - d. 1980)
30 Jul 1926 - 30 Oct 1931  Maharani Lakshmibai Devi           (b. 1890 - d. 1931)  
                             Sahiba Pura (f) -Regent

30 Oct 1931 - 16 Mar 1940  Council of Regency



Dharampur

[Dharampur]

1262                       Dharampur state founded.
1766                       Capital moved to Mandvegan and renamed
Dharampur.
31 Dec 1802                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana Maharana Sahib)
Oct 1680 - 1727            Sahadevji                         (d. 1727)
1727 - 1758                Ramdevji II                       (d. 1758)
1758 - 1774                Dharamdevji                       (d. 1774)
1774 - 1777                Narandevji I (Guman Singh)        (d. 1777)
1774 - 1777                Maharani Baiji Kushal             (d. 1784)
                             Kunverba (f) (1st time) -Regent  
1777 - 1784                Somdevji II (Abhay Singh)         (d. 1784)
1777 - 1784                Maharani Baiji Kushal             (s.a.)
                             Kunverba (f) (2nd time) -Regent      
1784 - 1807                Rupdevji                          (b. 1783 - d. 1807)
1784 - 1800                Maharani Baiji Kushal Kunverba    (d. af.1808)
                             Sahib (f) -Regent
1807 - 1857                Vijaidevji I                      (d. 1857)
1857 - 20 Jan 1860         Ramdevji III Vijayadevji          (d. 1860)
20 Jan 1860 - 17 Sep 1891  Narandevji II Ramdevji            (b. 1840 - d. 1891)
17 Sep 1891 - 26 Mar 1921  Mohandevji Narayandevji           (b. 1863 - d. 1921)
26 Mar 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijaidevji II Mohandevji          (b. 1884 - d. 1952)



Dhenkanal

[Dhenkanal]

c.1529                     Dhenkanal state founded.

Rajas
1682 - 1708                Nrusingh Rai Singh Bhramarbar Rai
1708 - 1728                Kunja Behari Rai Singh Bhramarbar
                             Rai
1728 - 1741                Braja Behari Bhramarbar
1741 - 1743                Damodar Rai Singh Bhramarbar
1743 - 1785                Trilochan Singh Mahendra Bahadur 
1785 - 1796                Dayanidhi Mahendra Bahadur
1796 - 1807                Ramchandra Mahendra
1807 - 1822                Krishna Chandra Mahendra 
1822 - 1832                Shyam Chandra Mahendra
1832 - 1869                Bhagirath Mahendra                 (b. 1823 - d. 1877)
1832 - 1844                Regency
Maharajas

1869 - 1877                Bhagirath Mahendra         
       (s.a.)
1877 - 1885                Dinabhandu Mahendra                (d. 1885)
29 Aug 1885 - 16 Oct 1918  Shura Pratap Singh Dev Mahendra    (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
29 Aug 1885 - 1906         Regency
16 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Shankar Pratap Singh Dev Mahendra 
(b. 1904 - d. 1965)



Dholpur
 
[Dholpur to
                          c.1780]
                      to c.1780
[Dholpur]
                       c.1780 - 1947

c.700                      Dholpur (Dhavalapura) state founded.
1505                       Gohad state founded.
1740 - 1756                Occupied by Gwalior.
1761 - 1775                Dholpur annexed to Bharatpur.
1782 - Dec 1805            Dholpur annexed by Gwalior.
1784 - 1804                Gohad annexed by Gwalior.
10 Jan 1806                British protectorate.

1806                       Ruler of Gohad merges Gohad into Dholpur.

Rulers of Gohad (title Rana)
1699 - 1713                Gaj Singh                          (d. 1713)
1713 - 1717                Jaswant Singh                      (d. 1717)
1717 - 1756                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1756)
1756 - 1757                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1757)
1757 - 1784                Chhatrapat Singh                   (d. 1788) 
                             (personal style Maharaj Rana from 1771)
1784 - 1804                Interregnum
1804 - 1806                Kirat Singh                        (b. 1763 - d. 1836)

Rulers of Dholpur (title Maharaja Rana)
1806 - 21 Apr 1836         Kirat Singh                        (s.a.)
1836 - Dec 1836            Pohap Singh                        (d. 1836)
Dec 1836 -  7 Feb 1873     Bhagwant Singh                     (b. 1824 - d. 1873)
                             (from 2 Jun 1869, Sir Bhagwant Singh)
 7 Feb 1873 - 20 Jul 1901  Nihal Singh                        (b. 1863 - d. 1901)

 7 Feb 1873 - 1884         Maharani Sateha Devi               (b. 1845 - d. 1888)
                             Bhawa
(f) -Regent
20 Jul 1901 - 29 Mar 1911  Ram Singh                          (b. 1883 - d. 1911)

                             (from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Ram Singh)
20 Jul 1901 - Mar 1905     .... -Regent
29 Mar 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Udai Bhan Singh                    (b. 1893 - d. 1954)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Udai Bhan Singh)
29 Mar 1911
 -  9 Oct 1913  .... -Regent



Dhrangadhra
 
[Dhrangadhra to
                          1946]
                      c.1911 - 1946
[Dhrangadhra]
                        1946 - 1948

1090                       Jhalawad state founded.
1742                       New capital Dhrangadhra founded; state renamed (earlier
                             names: Kuwa, Halwad; the state is sometimes styled 
                             Halwad-Dhrangadhra).

Rulers (title Raj Sahib)
1672 - 1718                Jaswantsimhji I Gajsimhji          (d. 1718)
1718 - 1730                Pratapsimhji Jaswantsimhji         (d. 1730)
1730 - 1745                Raisimhji II Pratapsimhji          (d. 1745)
1745 - 1782                Gajsimhji II Raisimhji             (d. 1782)
1782 - 1801                Jashwantsimhji II Gajsimhji        (b. 17.. - d. 1801)
                             (in opposition in Halwad from 1758)
1758 - 1782                Raniji Jijibai Kunverba (f) -Regent
                             (for Jashwantsimhji II; in opposition in Halwad)
1801 - 1804                Raisimhji III Jashwantsimhji       (b. 1761 - d. 1804)
1804 -  9 Apr 1843         Amarsimhji II Raisimhji            (b. 1782 - d. 1843)
 9 Apr 1843 - 16 Oct 1869  Ranmalsimhji Amarsimhji            (b. 1809 - d. 1869)
                             (from 24 May 1866, Sir Ranmalsimhji Amarsimhji)
16 Oct 1869 -  2 Dec 1900  Mansimhji II Ranmalsimhji          (b. 1837 - d. 1900)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Mansimhji II Ranmalsimhji)
 2 Dec 1900 -  8 Feb 1911  Ajitsimhji Jashwantsimhji          (b. 1872 - d. 1911)
                             (from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Ajitsimhji Jashwantsimhji)
 8 Feb 1911 -  1 Jan 1918  Ganshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji          (b. 1889 - d. 1942)
                             (from 1 Jan 1917, Sir Ganshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji)
Rulers (title Maharaja Shri Raj Sahib)

 1 Jan 1918 -  4 Feb 1942  Sir Gabshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji      (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Mayurdhwajsimhji Meghraji III      (b. 1923 - d. 2010)
                             Ganshyamsimhji (from 14 Aug 1947,(b. 1912 - d. 2010)
                             Sir Mayurdhwajsimhji Meghraji III 
                             Ganshyamsimhji



Dhrol

1595                       Dhrol state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1644 - 1706                Kaloji I Panchanji
1706 - 1712                Junhoji I Kaloji
1712 - 1715                Ketoji Junoji
1715 - 1716                Kaloji II Junoji                   (d. 1716)
1716 - 1760                Vaghji Junoji
1760 - 1781                Jaysimhji I Vaghji
1781 - 1789                Junoji II Jaysimhji
1789 - ....                Nathoji Junoji
.... - 1803                Modji Nathoji 
1803 - 1844                Bhuptasimhji Modji 
1845 - 1886                Jaysimhji II Bhuptasimhji          (b. 1824 - d. 1886)
26 Oct 1886 - 31 Jul 1914  Harisimhji Jaisimhji               (b. 1846 - d. 19..)
 2 Sep 1914 - 31 Aug 1937  Daulatsimhji Harisimhji            (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
31 Aug 1937 - 1939         Jorawarsimhji Dipsinhji            (b. 1910 - d. 1939)
10 Oct 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandrasimhji Dipsinhji            (b. 1912 - d. ....)



Dhurwai

[Dhurwai-Bundelkhand]

17..                       Dhurwai state founded

Rulers (title Diwan)
.... - ....                Prithvi Raj
c.1823                     Budh Singh
18.. - 1851                Nahar Singh
14 Jan 1851 - Nov 1910     Ranjor Singh                       (b. c.1833 - d. 1910)

1910 - 1947?               Jugal Prasad Singh


Dir: see Pakistani Princely States


Dujana

[Dujana (India)]

1806                       Dujana state founded.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1806 - 1825                `Abd as-Samad Khan                 (b. 1764 - d. 1825)
1825 - 1850                Mohammad Dondi Khera Khan          (d. 1850)
1850 - 1867                Hasan `Ali Khan                    (d. 1867)
1867 - 15 Oct 1879         Mohammad Sa`adat `Ali Khan         (b. 1840 - d. 1879)
1879 - 1908                Momtaz `Ali Khan                   (b. 1864 - d. 19..)
21 Jun 1908 - 1925         Mohammad Khurshid `Ali Khan        (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
21 Jul 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Iqtidar `Ali Khan         (b. 1912 - d. bf.1970)



Dungarpur

[Dungarpur]

1197                       Dungarpur state founded.
11 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1691 - 1700                Khuman Singh                       (d. 1700)
1700 - 1728                Ram Singh                          (d. 1728)
1728 - 1783                Shiv Singh                         (d. 1783)
1783 - 1789                Vairi Sal                          (d. 1789)
1789 - 1808                Fateh Singh                        (d. 1808)
1808 - 19 Dec 1846         Jashwant Singh II                  (d. 1846)
 2 May 1825 - 1846         Maharawat Dalpat Singh -Regent     (b. 1808 - d. 1864)
28 Sep 1846 - 13 Feb 1898  Udai Singh II                      (b. 1838 - d. 1898)
28 Sep 1846 - 1852         Maharawat Dalpat Singh -Regent     (s.a.)
13 Feb 1898 - 15 Nov 1918  Bijai Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1918)

                             (from 14 Jun 1912, Sir Bijai Singh)
13 Feb 1898 - 27 Feb 1909  Regents (assistant residents for Mewar)
                           - C.T. Ducat (c.1903)
                           - Alan Thomas Holme                (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
                              (Jan 1904 - 190.)
                           - R.C. French (c.1907)
15 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1908 - d. 1989)
                             (from 3 Jun 1935, Sir
Lakshman Singh) 



Faridkot

[Faridkot]

1643                       Kot Kapura state founded.
1763                       Kot Kapura split into two states: Kot Kapura and Faridkot.
1807 - 1846                Kot Kapura incorporated into Paρjab.
 3 Apr 1809                British protectorate.

Rulers of Kot Kapura
1643 - 1708                Kapur Singh
1708 - 1720                Interregnum
1720 - 1732                Sukhia Singh
1732 - 1767                Jodh Singh
1767 - 1806                Tej Singh
1806 - 1807                Jagat Singh                        (d. 1825)
Rulers of Faridkot (title Sardar)
1643 - 1708                Kapura Singh                       (b. 1628 - d. 1708)
1708 - 1710                Sajja Singh                        (d. 1710)
1710 - 1731                Sukha Singh                        (b. 1681 - d. 1731)
1731 - 1763                Jodh Singh ?                       (d. 1767)
1763 - 1782                Hamir Singh                        (d. 1782)

1782 - 1798                Mohar Singh                        (d. 1798)
1798 - 1804                Charat Singh                       (d. 1804)
1804  (one month)          Dal Singh                          (d. 1804)
1804 -  5 Nov 1826         Ghulab Singh                       (b. c.1797 - d. 1826)
 5 Nov 1826 - Aug 1827     Attar Singh                        (b. 1822 - d. 1827)
 5 Nov 1826 - Aug 1827     Pahar Singh -Regent                (b. 1799 - d. 1849)
Aug 1827 - 15 Apr 1846     Pahar Singh                        (s.a.)
Rajas
15 Apr 1846 - Apr 1849     Pahar Singh                        (s.a.) 
Apr 1849 - 22 Apr 1874     Wazir Singh                        (b. 1828 - d. 1874)
22 Apr 1874 -  8 Aug 1898  Vikram Singh                       (b. 1842 - d. 1898)
 8 Aug 1898 - 11 Feb 1906  Balbir Singh                       (b. 1869 - d. 1906)
11 Feb 1906 -  1 Jan 1918  Balbir Indar Singh                 (b. 1896 - d. 1918)
1906 – Jun 1909            Sardar Bahadur Resaldar Partap
                             Singh -Regent
                             (chairmen regency council)
Jun 1909 – Apr 1914        Sardar Bahadur Dyal Singh -Regent
                             (chairmen regency council)
Apr 1914 - 1916            Rai Bagadur Ganga Sahai -Regent
                         
   (superintendent)
Maharaja
 1 Jan 1918 - 22 Dec 1918  Balbir Indar Singh                 (s.a.)
Raja
23 Dec 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Har Indar Singh                    (b. 1915 - d. 1989)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Har Indar Singh)
23 Dec 1918 - 17 Oct 1934  .... -Regent



Farrukhabad 

1714                       Farrukhabad state founded.
1714 - 10 Nov 1801         Tributary to Awadh (Oudh).
 4 Jun 1802                Reduced to an estate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1714 - 1743                Mohammad Khan Ghanzanfar Jang     (b. 1665? - d. 1743)
1743 - 22 Nov 1748         Kaim Khan                         (d. 1748)
22 Nov 1748 - 1749         Imam Khan
1749 - Nov 1771            Ahmad Khan Ghalib Jang            (d. 1771)
Nov 1771 - 1796            Dilar Himmat Khan Muzaffar Jang   (b. 1758 - d. 1796)
1796 -  4 Jun 1802         Imdad Husain Khan Nasir Jang      (d. 1813)



Gangpur

Rulers
.... - 1804                Baijnath Shekhar Deo
1804 - 1820                Indra Shekhar Deo 
1820 - 26 Feb 1831         Parsharam Shekhar Deo              (d. 1831)
1831 - 1852                Jagadev Shekhar Deo
1852 - 1858                Chandrabhanu Shekhar Deo
Nov 1858 - 18..            Madan Mohand Shekhar Deo
1860 - 1865                Danardan Shekhar Deo

Dec 1865 -
1874            Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (b. 1850 - d. 1917)
Dec 1865 - Jan 1871        Lal Gajraj Shekhar Deo -Regent
Rajas
1874 - 1917                Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (s.a.)

                             (personal style Maharaja from 1915)
10 Jun 1917 -  5 May 1930  Bhawani Shankar Shekhar Deo        (b. 1898 - d. 1930) 
 5 May 1930 - 26 Dec 1938  Bir Mitra Pratap Shekhar Deo       (b. 1920 - d. 1938)
 5 May 1930 - 26 Dec 1938  Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee 
                             of Kurupam (f) -Regent
26 Dec 1938 - 15 Aug 1947  Bir Pratap Shekhar Deo             (b. 1923 - d. 1967)
26 Dec 1938 - 27 Nov 1944
  Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee 
                             of Kurupam (f) -Regent



Gaurihar

1807                       Gaurihar state, split from Ajaigarh.

Rulers (title Sardar Sawai; from 1859, R
ao)
1807 - 1846                Raja Ram                           (d. 1846)
1846 - 1877                Rajdhar Rudra Pratap               (b. 1811 - d. 18..)
1880 - 14 Nov 1887         Gajadhar Prasad                    (d. 1887)
14 Nov 1887 - 1904         Shamle Prasad                      (b. 1859 - d. 1904)
1904 - 1932                Pratipal (Prithvipal) Singh        (b. 1886 - d. 19..)
1932 - 1947                Avadhendra Pratap Singh            (b. 1902 - d. c.1970)


Gilgit: see Pakistani Princely States

Gohad: see Dholpur


Gondal

1634                       Gondal state founded.
1813                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1679 - 1713                Sagramji I Kumbhoji                (b. 1664 - d. 1713)
1713 - 1752                Haloji Sagramji                    (b. 1676 - d. 1752)
1752 - 1789                Kumbhoji II Haloji                 (b. 1712 - d. 1789)
1789 - 1791                Muluji Sagramji (Malubhai Sahib)   (b. 1754 - d. 1791)
1792 - 1800                Dajibhai Muluji                    (b. 1775 - d. 1800)
1800 - 1812                Devaji Sagramji (Devabhai Sahib)   (b. 1769 - d. 1812)
1812 - 1814                Nathuji Devaji (Nathubhai Sahib)   (d. 1814)
1814 - 1821                Kanuji Devaji                      (d. 1821)
1821 - 1841                Chandrasimhji Devaji               (b. 1797 - d. 1841)
                             (Motibhai Sahib)            
1841 - 1851                Bhanabhai Devaji                   (d. 1851)
1851 - 14 Dec 1869         Sagramji II Devaji                 (b. 1822 - d. 1869)
                             (Sagramji Bhanabhai)
14 Dec 1869 - 10 Mar 1944  Bhagwatsimhji Sagram
simhji         (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
                             (from 15 Feb 1887, Sir
Bhagwatsimhji Sagramsimhji)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1888)
16 Sep 1878 - 24 Aug 1884  Regency

                           - W. Scott (to Jun 1882)
                           - Jayashankar Lalshankar
                             (to
Feb 1882)
                           - Bhagvat Sinhji
                             (
from Feb 1882)
                           - Hancock (acting for Scott
Dec
                             1880 - Feb 1881
)
                           - Nutt (from Jun
1882 [and acting
                             for Scott
Aug 1881 - Jan 1882])
 9 Mar 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhojrajji 
Bhagwatsimhji            (b. 1883 - d. 1952)
                            (personal style Maharaja)



Guler

1415                       Guler state founded.
1813                       Annexed to the Paρjab (Punjab).

Rajas
1695 - 1741                Dalip Singh                        (b. 1688 - d. 1741)
1695 - 1705                Bilas Devi (f)
-Regent
1730 - 1741                Govardhan Chand -Regent            (b. 1713 - d. 1773)
1741 - 1773                Govardhan Chand                    (s.a.)
1773 - 1790                Prakash Chand                      (b. 1748 - d. 1820)
1790 - 1813                Bhup Singh                         (b. 1765 - d. 1826)



Gwalior
 
[Gwalior]
 
[Gwalior state
                          flag]
           c.1908 - 1947 State flag
Map of Gwalior
Capital: Laskar
Population: 4,006,159 (1940)

c.900                      Gwalior state founded.
1232 - 1398                Annexed by Dihli (Delhi) sultanate.
1518 - 1731                Annexed by Mughal empire.
1731                       Sindhya (Scindia) state refounded by Mahratta general.
1766                       Gwalior capital of the state, gives it its name.
13 Oct 1781                British protectorate (and 30 Dec 1803). 

Rulers (title Maharaja Scindia)
1731 - 19 Jul 1745         Ranojirao Scindia                  (d. 1745)
19 Jul 1745 - 25 Jul 1755  Jayapparao Scindia                 (d. 1755)
25 Jul 1755 - 15 Jan 1761  Jankojirao I Scindia               (b. 1745 - d. 1761)
25 Jul 1755 - 10 Jan 1760  Dattaji -Regent                    (d. 1760)
15 Jan 1761 - 25 Nov 1763  Interregnum
25 Nov 1763 - 10 Jul 1764  Kadarjirao Scindia (Kedarjirao)

10 Jul 1764 - 18 Jan 1768  Manajirao Scindia                  (d. af.1777)
18 Jan 1768 - 12 Feb 1794  Madhavrao I Scindia                (b. c.1727 - d. 1794)
12 Feb 1794 - 21 Mar 1827  Daulatrao Scindia                  (b. 1779 - d. 1827)
21 Mar 1827 - 17 Jun 1827  Maharani Baija Bai (f) -Regent     (b. 1787 - d. 1862)
17 Jun 1827 -  7 Feb 1843    (1st time)
17 Jun 1827 -  7 Feb 1843  Jankojirao II Scindia              (b. 1805 - d. 1843)
                             (Jivajirao Scindia)
17 Jun 1827
- Dec 1832     Maharani Baija Bai (f) -Regent     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 7 Feb 1843 - 20 Jun 1886  Jayajirao Scindia                  (b. 1835 - d. 1886)

                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Sir Jayajirao Scindia)
 7 Feb 1843 - 13 Jan 1844  Maharani Tara Bai (f) -Regent      (b. 1831 - d. ....)

1843 - Jan 1844            Dada Khasjiwallah (in rebellion)
20 Jun 1886 -  5 Jun 1925  Madhavrao II Scindia               (b. 1876 - d. 1925)
                             (from 25 May 1895, Sir Madhavrao II Scindia)
17 Aug 1886 - 15 Dec 1894  Maharani Sakhya Bai
(f) -Regent    (b. 1862 - d. 1919)
17 Aug 1886 - 17 Aug 1888  Ganpat Rao Kharke -Regent          (d. 1888)
                             (chairman council of regency)
17 Aug 1888 - 15 Dec 1894  Sirdar Krishna Rao Bapu Sahib
                             Jadow -Regent
                             (chairman council of regency)
 5 Jun 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  George Jivaji Rao Scindia          (b. 1916 - d. 1961)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir George Jivaji Rao Scindia)
 5 Jun 1925
23 Nov 1931  Maharani Chinku Bai (f) -Regent    (d. 1931)
23 Nov 1931 - 22 Nov 1936  Maharani Gajra Rajebai (f) -Regent (d. 1943)

British Residents in Gwalior
Nov 1781 - Dec 1783        David Anderson 
Dec 1783 - Aug 1784        James Anderson (acting)
20 Dec 1786 - 15 Oct 1787  William Kirkpatrick                (b. 1754 - d. 1812)
Apr 1787 - Jun 1787        James Macpherson (acting)
15 Oct 1787 - Sep 1797     William Palmer                     (b. 17.. - d. 1814)
Sep 1797 - 10 Oct 1798     Paris Bradshaw (acting)
10 Oct 1798 -  3 Aug 1803  John Collins                       (d. 1807)

Aug 1803 - Jan 1804        Vacant
12 Jan 1804 - 13 May 1804  Sir John Malcolm                   (b. 1769 - d. 1833)

13 May 1804 -  9 Nov 1804  Josiah Webbe (acting)              (b. 1768 - d. 1804) 
 9 Nov 1805 - Dec 1805     Richard Jenkins (acting)           (b. 1785 - d. 1853)
18 Dec 1805 - 29 May 1808  Graeme Mercer (1st time)           (d. 1841)
29 May 1808 - 11 Jul 1808  Mountstuart Elphinstone            (b. 1779 - d. 1859)
11 Jul 1808 - 22 Dec 1809  Robert Close (1st time)
22 Dec 1809 - 28 Jul 1810  Graeme Mercer (2nd time)           (s.a.)
28 Jul 1810 - 13 Apr 1811  Charles Theophilus Metcalfe        (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
13 Apr 1811 - 19 Nov 1815  Richard Charles Strachey           (b. 1781 - d. 1847) 
                             (1st time)
19 Nov 1815 - 16 Mar 1816  Gerald Wellesley                   (b. 1790 - d. 1833)
Mar 1816 - Apr 1818        Robert Close (2nd time)
24 May 1817 - 14 Jun 1817  James Tod (acting for Close)
24 Apr 1818 - 1821         Josiah Stewart (1st time)          (b. 1781 - d. 1839)
1821 - 1823                Sir Richard Strachey               (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1822                       Johnstone (acting)
1823 - 1824                Robert Close (3rd time)
1824 - 1828                Josiah Stewart (2nd time)          (s.a.)
1829 - 1831                George Fielding (1st time) 
1831                       Sir John Low                       (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
1831 - 1832                George Fielding (2nd time) 
1832                       John Dixon Dyke                    (b. 1801 - d. 1847)
1832 - 1835                Richard Cavendish                  (b. 1795 - d. 1876) 
1835 - 1837                John Sutherland                    (b. 1808 - d. 1891) 
1837 - 1838                Dundas
1838 - 1843                Alexander Speirs                   (b. 1785 - d. 1847) 
1843 - 1844                Sir William Henry Sleeman          (b. 1788 - d. 1856)
1844 - 1848                Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
                             (1st time)
1848 - 1849                D. Ross
1849                       Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1849 - 1852                Sir Henry Marion Durand            (b. 1812 - d. 1871)
1852 - 1854                Duncan A. Malcolm 
1854 - 1859                Samuel Charters Macpherson         (b. 1806 - d. 1880) 
1859 - 1862                Sir Richard John Meade             (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
1862 - 1863                Richard Harte Keatinge             (b. 1825 - d. 1904)
1863 – Feb 1867            Alexander Ross Elliot Hutchinson   (b. 1825 - d. 1908)
                             (1st time)

Feb 1867 – May 1868        Sir Henry Dermot Daly              (b. 1821 - d. 1895)
May 1868 – Nov 1868        Charles Lionel Showers             (b. 1816 - d. 1895) 
1868 - Oct? 1869           Sir Crawford Trotter Chamberlain   (b. 1821 - d. 1902) 
Oct 1869 – 30 Nov 1872     Alexander Ross Elliot Hutchinson   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
30 Nov 1872 – 1873         J.A. Wright (1st time)(acting)
Jan 1873 – 11 Jan 1874     Eugene Clutterbuck Impey           (b. 1830 - d. 1904) 

11 Jan 1874 –  7 Feb 1874  J.A. Wright (2nd time)
 7 Feb 1874 – af.Apr 1875  John William Willoughby Osborne    (b. 1833 - d. 1881) 

                             (1st time)
1875 - Apr 1877            Alexander Ross Elliot Hutchinson   (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)

Apr 1877 - 1878            Sir John Watson (1st time)         (b. 1829 - d. 1919)

1878 - 19 Sep 1879         William Tweedie (1st time)         (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
19 Sep 1879 - 29 Nov 1880  Patrick Wilson Bannerman (1st time)(b. 1833 - d. 1912)
Nov? 1880 - 17 Sep 1881    John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)

                             (2nd time)
17 Sep 1881 -  1 Nov 1881  Archibald Lewis Playfair (1st time)(b. 1838 - d. 1915)
11 Nov 1881 - 22 Dec 1881  Sir John Watson (2nd time)         (s.a.)

22 Dec 1881 - 25 Feb 1882  William Tweedie (2nd time)         (s.a.)
26 Feb 1882 - 1883         Patrick Wilson Bannerman (2nd time)(s.a.)
23 Mar 1883 - 11 Apr 1884  James Cavan Berkeley (1st time)    (b. 1838 - d. 1926) 
12 Apr 1884 - 28 Apr 1884  Archibald Lewis Playfair (2nd time)(s.a.)
28 Apr 1884 – 17 Aug 1884  William Tweedie (3rd time)         (s.a.)
17 Aug 1884 – 15 Dec 1884  James Cavan Berkeley (2nd time)    (s.a.)
16 Dec 1884 - 12 May 1887  Patrick Wilson Bannerman (3rd time)(s.a.)

12 May 1887 -  3 Nov 1887  Sir David William Keith Barr       (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
 3 Nov 1887 – 24 Dec 1888  Patrick Wilson Bannerman (4th time)(s.a.)
24 Dec 1888 – 18 Apr 1892  Sir David William Keith Barr       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
18 Apr 1892 –  6 Jan 1893  John Biddulph (acting)             (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
 6 Jan 1893 – 15 Jul 1893  Edward Swatman Reynolds (1st time) (b. 1838 - d. 1896)
15 Jul 1893 – 19 Oct 1893  Norton Charles Martelli (acting)
   (b. 1844 - d. ....)
19 Oct 1893 - 23 Feb 1894  Edward Swatman Reynolds (2nd time) (s.a.)
Feb 1894 - 30 Jun 1895     Sir Donald Robertson (1st time)    (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
30 Jun 1895 - 29 Sep 1895  Charles Withers Ravenshaw          (b. 1851 - d. 1935) 
29 Sep 1895 –  8 Oct 1895  Duncan George Pitcher (1st time)   (b. 1839 - d. 1924)
 8 Oct 1895 – 12 Mar 1896  Sir Donald Robertson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
12 Mar 1896 - 1897         Ivar MacIvor                       (d. 1897)
1897 - 16 Aug 1897         Duncan George Pitcher (2nd time)   (s.a.)  
16 Aug 1897 –  8 Nov 1897  Thomas Caldwell Pears (1st time)   (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
Mar 1898 - 20 Apr 1899     Joseph Henry Newill                (b. 1844 - d. 1929)
20 Apr 1899 –  6 May 1899  A.M. Crofts
 6 May 1899 - 1901         Thomas Caldwell Pears (2nd time)   (s.a.)
Feb 1901 - 1902            Charles Herbert (1st time)
Apr 1902 - 1904            Charles Hamerton Pritchard         (b. 1863 - d. 1916)
1904                       Sir Stuart Mitford Fraser          (b. 1864 - d. 1963)
1904 - 1905                Charles Herbert (2nd time) 
Apr 1905 -  9 Mar 1907     Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
10 Mar 1907 - 12 Oct 1907  Herbert Lionel Showers             (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
1907 - 1908                Sir Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey     (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
24 May 1908 - 22 Aug 1908   James Leslie Rose Weir (1st time) (b. 1883 - d. 1950)
23 Aug 1908 - 30 Oct 1908
  Sir Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
31 Oct 1908 - 10 Nov 1908  James Leslie Rose Weir (2nd time)  (s.a.)
26 Nov 1908 - 21 Oct 1909  Philip Trevor Augustine Spence
22 Oct 1909 - 12 Jan 1910
  Sir Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey     (s.a.)
                             (3nd time)
13 Jan 1910 - 30 May 1912  Charles Arnold Kemball             (b. 1860 - d. 1943)

30 May 1912 -  8 Apr 1914  William Ellis Jardine (1st time)   (b. 1867 - d. 1944)
 9 Apr 1914 - 17 Dec 1914  Francis Granville Beville          (b. 1867 - d. 1923)
18 Dec 1914 - 10 May 1922  William Ellis Jardine (2nd time)   (s.a.)
11 May 1922 - 10 Nov 1922  Edward Herbert Kealy               (b. 1873 - d. 1953) 

11 Nov 1922 - 18 Feb 1924  William Ellis Jardine (3rd time)   (s.a.
19 Feb 1924 -  3 Jun 1926  Leslie Maurice Crump (1st time)    (b. 1875 - d. 1929)

 4 Jun 1926 -  4 Nov 1926  Charles Gilbert Crosthwaite        (b. 1878 - d. 1940)
                             (1st time)
 5 Nov 1926 - 14 May 1927
  Leslie Maurice Crump (2nd time)    (s.a.)
15 May 1927 - 30 Nov 1927
  Charles Gilbert Crosthwaite        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 1 Dec 1927 -  5 Mar 1928
  Leslie Maurice Crump (3rd time)    (s.a.)
 6 Mar 1928 - 27 Oct 1928  Robert John Wingfield Heale
28 Oct 1928 -  1 Apr 1929  Terence Humphrey Keyes             (b. 1877 - d. 1939)

 1 Apr 1929 -  3 Apr 1930  Cecil Hamilton Gabriel (1st time)  (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
 4 Apr 1930 - 13 Apr 1930  Kenneth Samuel Fitze               (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
14 Apr 1930 -  6 Sep 1930  Elliot James Dowell Colvin         (b. 1885 - d. 1950)
 7 Sep 1930 - 15 Apr 1931
  Cecil Hamilton Gabriel (2nd time)  (s.a.)
16 Apr 1931 -  8 Nov 1932  Denis Grey Wilson (1st time)       (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
 9 Nov 1932 - 15 Feb 1933  William Arthur MacDonnell Garstin  (b. 1882 - d. 1975)
16 Feb 1933 - 13 Nov 1934
  Denis Grey Wilson (2nd time)       (s.a.)
13 Nov 1934 -  6 Apr 1937  Edmund C. Gibson 
 
7 Apr 1937 - 1940         Gerald Thomas Fisher               (b. 1886 - d. 1965)
 1 Apr 1938 –  3 Oct 1938  Philip Gaisford (acting for Fisher)
 
5 Feb 1940 - 1942         George van Baerle Gillan           (b. 1890 - d. 1974)
11 Jul 1942 - 1944         Sir Charles Gordon Herbert         (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
Apr 1944 - May 1946        Henry Mortimer Poulton             (b. 1898 - d. 1973)
May 1946 - 1947            Alexander Alfred Russell           (b. 1898 - d. 1967)


Halwad-Dhrangadhra: see Dhrangadhra

Hunza: see Pakistani Princely States


Haydarabad (Hyderabad)
 
[Haydarabad
                          (Hyderabad) to c.1900]
               c.1724 - c.1900
 
[Haydarabad (Hyderabad) state flag
                          c.1900-1948]
                           c.1900 - 1948
 
[Haydarabad
                          (Hyderabad) state flag 1948-50]
                             1948 - 1950
 
Map of Haydarabad Capital: Haydarabad
(Hyderabad)
Population: 16,338,500 (1941)
Constitution

1512 - 1687                Part of the Kingdom of Golkonda.
1687                       Part of the Mughal Empire.
20 Jun 1720                Mughal governor with style Nizam al-Molk establishes
                             a quasi-independent state.
 7 Dec 1724                Haydarabad made capital of the state.
12 Nov 1766                British protectorate (and 22 Aug 1809).
15 Aug 1947                Nizam refuses to accede to India.
17 Sep 1948                India occupies Haydarabad militarily.
24 Nov 1949                Accession to India agreed to as of Indian Republic Day,
                             effective 26 Jan 1950.

Rulers (title Nizam al-Molk [from 24 Oct 1936, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar])
20 Jun 1720 -  1 Jun 1748  Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan       (b. 1671 - d. 1748) 
                             (from 12 Jul 1737:) Asaf Jah I
 1 Jun 1748 - 16 Dec 1750  Nasir Jang Mir Ahmad               (b. 1712 - d. 1750)
16 Dec 1750 - 13 Feb 1751  Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang Hidayat (d. 1751)
Feb 1751 - 16 Oct 1752     Ghazi ad-Din (in rebellion)        (d. 1752)
13 Feb 1751 -  8 Jul 1762  Asaf ad-Dowla Mir Ali Salabat Jang (b. 1718 - d. 1763)
 8 Jul 1762 -  6 Aug 1803  Ali Khan Asaf Jah II               (b. 1734 - d. 1803)
 7 Aug 1803 - 21 May 1829  Mir Akbar Ali Khan Asaf Jah III    (b. 1768 - d. 1829)
21 May 1829 - 16 May 1857  Naser ad-Dowla Farkhunda Ali       (b. 1794 - d. 1857)
                             Asaf Jah IV
18 May 1857 - 26 Feb 1869  Afzal ad-Dowla Mahbub Ali I Khan   (b. 1827 - d. 1869) 
                             Asaf Jah V (from 25 Jun 1861, Afzal
                            
ad-Dowla Mahbub Sir Ali I Khan Asaf Jah V)
28 Feb 1869 - 29 Aug 1911  Fath Jang Mahbub Ali II Khan Asaf  (b. 1866 - d. 1911) 

                             Jah VI (from 17 Nov 1884, Fath Jang
                             Jang Mahbub
Sir Ali II Khan Asaf Jah VI)
28 Feb 1869 -  5 Feb 1884  Regents
                           - Mir Turab Ali Khan Salar Jung I  (b. 1829 - d. 1883) 
                             (to 8 Feb 1883)
                           - Amir Kabir Nawab Rashid-ud-din   (d. 1881)
                             Khan Shams-al-Umara III
                             (to 6 Apr 1877)
                           - Iqtedar-ul-Mulk Vaqar-al-Umara I (d. 1881)
                             (6 Apr 1877 - 12 Dec 1881)
                           - Raja Narendra Prasad
                             (from senior member from 8 Feb 1883)
                           -
Laiq Ali Khan Salar Jung II      (b. 1868? - d. 1889)
                             (provisional, from 8 Feb 1883)
29 Aug 1911 - 26 Jan 1950  Fath Jang Mir Osman Ali Khan       (b. 1886 - d. 1967)

                             Asaf Jah VII (from 12 Dec 1911, Fath Jang
                            
Mir Sir Osman Ali Khan  Asaf Jah VII)
Indian Military Governor
17 Sep 1948 - Dec 1949     Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri             (b. 1908 - d. 1983)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1724 - 1730                Muhammad Iwaz Khan
1730 - 1742                Anwarullah Khan
1742 - 1748?               Khuda Banda Khan
1748 - 1750                Shah Nawaz Khan (1st time)
1750 - 1752                Raja Ragunath Dass
1752 - 1755                Syed Lashkar Khan
1755 - 1758                Shah Nawaz Khan (2nd time)
1758 - 1761                Basalat Jung
1761 - 1765                Vithal Sundur
1765 - 1775                Musa Khan Nawab Rukn ud-Daula
1775 - 1781                Viqar-ud-Daula
                           + Shams-ul-Mulk (to 1778)
1781 -  9 May 1804         Ghulam Sayyed Khan Aristu Jah
                            (Mahratta hostage 1795-97)
1795 - 1797                Mir Alam (1st time)                 (d. 1808)
                            (acting for Aristu Jah)
1804                       Raja Rajindra
1804 - Dec 1808            Mir Alam (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
1808 - 1832                Munir ul-Mulk
                           - together with -
1808 -  6 Sep 1843         Chandu Lal
1843 - 1846                Ram Baksh (1st time)
1846 - 1848                Siraj ul-Mulk (1st time)            (d. 1853)
Nov 1848 - Dec 1848        Amjad ul-Mulk
Dec 1848 - May 1849        Shams ul-Umara
Sep 1849 - Apr 1851        Ram Baksh (2nd time)
Apr 1851 - Jun 1851        Ganesh Rao
1851 - May 1853            Siraj ul-Mulk (2nd time)            (s.a.)

May 1853 -  8 Feb 1883     Mir Turab Ali Khan Salar Jung I     (s.a.) 
Feb 1883 - Apr 1887        Laiq Ali Khan Salar Jung II         (s.a.)
1887 - 1893                Bashir-ud-Daula Asman Jah
1893 - 1901                Nawab Sir Vikar-ul-Umra             (d. 1902)
Prime ministers (presidents of the executive council)
1901 - 11 Jul 1912         Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad         (b. 1862 - d. 1940)

                             (1st time)
Jul 1912 - Nov 1914        Nawab Yusuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III (b. 1889 - d. 1949)
Nov 1914 - 1919            the Nizam
Aug 1919 -  5 Sep 1922     Sir Sayyid Ali Imam
                (b. 1869 - d. 1932)
 5 Sep 1922 -  1 Apr 1924  Nawab Sir Faridoon-ul-Mulk Bahadur  (d. 1928)
 1 Apr 1924 - 25 Nov 1926  Wali-ud-Daula Bahadur

25 Nov 1926 - 18 Mar 1937  Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
18 Mar 1937 - Sep 1941     Sir Akbar Hydari                    (b. 1869 - d. 1941)
Sep 1941 - 1946            Nawab Sir Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan  (b. 1889 - d. 1983)
                             Chhatari (1st time)
Aug 1946 - May 1947        Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail           (b. 1883 – d. 1959)
1947 - 29 Oct 1947         Nawab Sir Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan  (s.a.)
                             Chhatari (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1947 - 28 Nov 1947  Nawab Mehdi Yar Jung (acting) 
29 Nov 1947 - 19 Sep 1948  Mir Laik Ali (provisional)          (d. 1971)
 

British Residents in Hyderabad
Apr 1779 - 1781            John Holland
 2 Jul 1781 - 1784         James Grant                         (b. 1750 - d. 1808)
20 Jan 1784 - 1788         Richard Johnson                     (b. 1750 - d. 1802)
28 Apr 1788 - 1797         John Kennaway                       (b. 1758 - d. 1836)
15 Nov 1797 - 1798         William Kirkpatrick                 (b. 1754 - d. 1812)
15 Sep 1798 - 1805         James Achilles Kirkpatrick          (b. 1764 - d. 1805)
 1 Sep 1805 - Dec 1805     Henry Russell (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1783 - d. 1852)
 3 Jan 1806 - 1810         Thomas Sydenham                     (b. 1780 - d. 1816)
20 May 1810 - Mar 1811     Charles Russell (acting)
17 Apr 1811 - Dec 1820     Henry Russell (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 1 Dec 1820 - Aug 1825     Charles Theophilus Metcalfe         (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
29 Sep 1825 - 1830         William Byam Martin                 (b. 1781 - d. 1869)
1827 - 1830                John Sutherland (1st time)
                             (acting for Martin)
 7 Aug 1830 - Nov 1830     Edward Ravenshaw (acting)

 6 Nov 1830 - Jan 1838     Josiah Stewart                      (b. 1781 - d. 1839)
1833 - 1834                John Sutherland (2nd time)
                             (acting for Stewart)
12 Jan 1838 - 15 Jun 1838  John Cameron (acting)               (d. 1838)
16 Jun 1838 - Jul 1838     James Wahab 
(acting)                (b. 1777 - d. 18..) 
 8 Jul 1838 -  1 Sep 1838  George Tomkyns (acting)   
 1 Sep 1838 - Dec 1852     James Stuart Fraser                 (b. 1783 - d. 1869)
1841                       William J. Eastwick
                             (acting for Fraser)               
11 Dec 1852 - Mar 1853     Cuthbert Davidson (1st time)
       (b. 1810 - d. 1862)
Mar 1853 - Sep 1853        John Low (acting)                   (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
 5 Sep 1853 -  1 Dec 1853  Cuthbert Davidson (2nd time)      
  (s.a.)
 2 Dec 1853 - 31 Dec 1856  George Alexander Bushby             (b. 1800 - d. 1856)
31 Dec 1856 - Apr 1857     Anthony Robert Thornhill (1st time)
                             (acting)
1857 - 21 May 1862         Cuthbert Davidson (3rd time)        (s.a.)
 3 Aug 1862 - Jan 1863     Anthony Robert Thornhill (2nd time)
                             (acting)
31 Jan 1863 - 1867         George Udny Yule                    (b. 1813 - d. 1886)
                            
(from 24 May 1866, George Udny Yule)
14 Apr 1867 - Jan 1868     Sir Richard Temple                  (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
 5 Jan 1868 - Mar 1868     John Graham Cordery (1st time)
      (b. 1833 - d. 1900)
                             (acting)
28 Mar 1868 - 10 May 1868  Arthur Austin Roberts               (b. 1818 - d. 1868)

11 May 1868 - Jun 1868     John Graham Cordery (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting)
10 Jun
1868 - Dec 1875     Charles Burslem Saunders            (b. 1821 - d. 1888)
16 Jul 1872 - Oct 1872
     Peter Stark Lumsden                 (b. 1829 - d. 1918) 
                             (acting for Saunders)  
 5 Dec 1875 - 1881         Richard John Meade                  (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
24 Mar 1881 - Apr 1882     Steuart Colvin Bayley               (b. 1836 - d. 1925)
 1 Jun 1882 - 30 Jun 1882  George Herbert Trevor (acting)      (b. 1840 - d. 1927)
30 Jun 1882 - Apr 1883     William Brittain Jones              (b. 1834 - d. 1912)
21 Apr 1883 - 1888         John Graham Cordery (3rd time)      (s.a.)
10 Apr 1884 - Jul 1884     Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry       (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John (acting for
Cordery)
12 Apr 1886 - Oct 1886     Edward Charles Ross                 (b. 1836  - d. 1912)
                             (
acting for Cordery)
 1 Nov 1887 - 30 Nov 1887  Donald Robertson                    (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
                             (
acting for Cordery)
14 Mar 1888 - Aug 1889     Arthur Pearse Howell (acting)       (b. 1834 - d. 1911)
 6 Aug 1889 - 1891         Sir 
Dennis Fitzpatrick              (b. 1827 - d. 1920)  
12 Nov 1891 - 1900         Trevor John Chichele Chichele-      (b. 1846 - d. 1905)
                             Plowden
23 Mar 1895 - Oct 1895     Kenneth James Loch Mackenzie        (b. c.1840 - d. 1903)
                             (acting for Chichele-Plowden
30 Jul 1898 - Oct 1898     James Adair Crawford                (b. 1857 - d. 1936)
                             (acting for
Chichele-Plowden) 
Feb 1900 - 1905            David William Keith Barr            (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
Feb 1905 - 1908            Charles Stuart Bayley               (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
May 1908 - 1910            Michael Francis O'Dwyer             (b. 1864 - d. 1940)
14 Apr 1909 – 23 Apr 1909  Evelyn Berkeley Howell              (b. 1877 - d. 1971)
                             (acting for O'Dwyer)
1911 - 1916                Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey          (b. 1861 - d. 1918)
Mar 1914 - Oct 1914        Stuart Mitford Fraser               (b. 1864 - d. 1963)
                             (acting for Pinhey)
Apr 1916 - Jul 1916        Alfred Beckett Minchin              (b. 1870 - d. 1939)
Jul 1916 - 1919            Sir Stuart Mitford Fraser           (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1920 – 31 Oct 1921 
Charles Lennox Somerville Russell   (b. 1872 - d. 1960)
                             (1st time)(acting to 30 Jun 1920)
 1 Nov 1921 -  1 Nov 1922  Stuart George Knox (acting)         (b. 1863 - d. 1956)
 1 Nov 1922 – 30 Jun 1925  Charles Lennox Somerville Russell   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1925 - Feb 1930     William Pell Barton                 (b. 1871 - d. 1956)

20 May 1927 – Nov 1927     Leslie Maurice Crump                (b. 1875 – d. 1929)
                             (acting for Barton)
 9 Feb 1930 - 1933         Terence Humphrey Keyes              (b. 1877 - d. 1939)

 1 Jul 1933 -  3 May 1934  Sir George Duncan Mackenzie         (b. 1883 - d. 1965)
                             (1st time)
 3 May 1934 - 20 Oct 1937  John Creery Tate                    (b. 1884 - d. 1942)
 3 Apr 1937 - 20 Oct 1937  Claude Henry Gidney                 (b. 1887 - d. 1968)
                             (acting for Tate)     
20 Oct 1937 - 30 Oct 1938  Sir George Duncan Mackenzie         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
30 Oct 1938 - 15 Oct 1942  Claude Henry Gidney                 (s.a.)

15 Oct 1942 - Nov 1946     Arthur Cunningham Lothian           (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
                             (acting to Feb 1944)
25 Nov 1946 - 14 Aug 1947  Sir Charles Gordon Herbert          (b. 1893 - d. 1970)

Indian Agent General
1947 - 19 Sep 1948         Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi         (b. 1887 - d. 1971)


Hill Tipperah: see Tripura


Hindol

1554                       Hindol state founded.

Rajas
1691 - 1701                Achyuta Singh Narendra
1701 - 1733                Bhagabat Singh Narendra
1733 - 1770                Damodar Singh Narendra
1770 - 1781                Radhakant Singh Mardraj Jagadeb
1781 - 1786                Ram Chandra Singh Mardraj Jagadeb 
1786 - 1829                Kishan Chandra Mardraj Jagadeb
1829 - 1841                Harihar Singh Mardraj Jagadeb
1841 - 1874                Ishwar Singh Mardraj Jagadeb
1874 - 1877                Phokar Singh Mardraj Jagadeb       (b. 1853 - d. ....)
18 Jul 1877 - 10 Feb 1906  Janardan Mardraj Jagadeb           (b. 1855 - d. 1906)
10 Feb 1906 - 15 Aug 1947  Naba Kishor Chandra Mardraj        (b. 1891 - d. 1960)
                             Jagadeb 


Hyderabad: see Haydarabad


Idar

[Idar]
                           Adoptd 1741

c.1257                     Idar state founded.
1679 - 1731                Period of anarchy.
1791                       Idar split into five: Idar, Ahmadnagar, Morasa,
                             Baad (also called Bayar), and Soor.
1821                       Morasa absorbed by Ahmadnagar.
1826                       Baad absorbed by Idar and Ahmadnagar.
Oct 1843                   Idar reunited.

Rajas (from 1843, with personal style Maharaja)
1669 - 1679                Karan Singh                        (d. c.1725)
1679 - 1718                Chandra Singh (fled Idar 1718)
1718 - 1731               
period of anarchy
1731 - 1753                Anand Singh                        (d. 1753)
1753 - 1791                Shiv Singh Anand Singh             (b. 1736 - d. 1791)
1791  (12 days)            Bhawan Singh                       (b. 1755 - d. 1792)
1791 - 12 Aug 1833         Gambhir Singh                      (b. 1778 - d. 1833)
12 Aug 1833 - 26 Dec 1868  Jawan Singh                        (b. 1830 - d. 1868)
                            
(from 24 May 1867, Sir Jawan Singh)
12 Aug 1833 - 1847         
Council of Regency
26 Dec 1868 - 20 Feb 1901  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1864 - d. 1901)
                            
(from 15 Feb 1887, Sir Keshri Singh)
26 Dec 1868 - 1880
        Council of Regency
 4 Oct 1901 - 30 Nov 1901  Krishna Singh                      (b. 1901 - d. 1901) 
30 Nov 1901 - Jan 1902    
Interregnum
Jan 1902 - 1902            Sir Pratap Singh                   (b. 1845 - d. 1922)
Maharajas

1902 - 21 Jul 1911         Sir Pratap Singh                   (s.a.)
21 Jul 1911 - 14 Apr 1931  Daulat Singh                       (b. 1878 - d. 1931)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1920, Sir Daulat Singh)
14 Apr 1931 - 15 Aug 1947  Hirmat Singh Daulat Singh          (b. 1899 - d. 1960)


Ahmadnagar (Ahmednagar)

1773                       Ahmadnagar (Ahmednagar) estate of Idar.
1791                       Ahmadnagar independent state.
29 Oct 1843                Re-united to Idar. 

Rajas
1791 - 1798                Sangram Singh                      (b. c.1758 - d. 1798)
1798 -  6 Feb 1835         Karan Singh                        (b. 1787 - d. 1835)
1798 - 1806                Zalim Singh of Morasa -Regent      (b. c.1760 - d. 1806)
1835 -  6 Dec 1839         Prithvi Singh                      (b. c.1818 - d. 1839)
 6 Dec 1839 - 28 Sep 1841  Takht Singh -Regent                (b. 1819 - d. 1873)
23 May 1840 - 28 Sep 1841  Balwant Singh                      (b. 1840 - d. 1841)

28 Sep 1841 - 29 Oct 1843  Takht Singh                        (s.a.)


Morasa

Rajas
1791 - 1806                Zalim Singh                        (b. c.1760 - d. 1806)
1806 - 1821                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1821)


Baad (Bayar)

Raja
1791 - 1826                Amir Singh                         (b. c.1762 - d. 1826)


Soor (Sur)

Rajas
1791 - bf.1833             Indar Singh                         (b. c.1765 - d. bf.1833)
bf.1833 - 18..             Hamir Singh                         (b. 1798 - d. af.1855)



Indaur (Indore)
 
[Indaur
                          (Indore) c.1731]
                  c.1731 - ....
[Indaur
                          (Indore)]
                            .... -  1947

1731                       Indaur state founded by Mahratta general.
24 Dec 1805                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharaja Holkar)
1731 - 20 May 1766         Malhar Rao I Holkar I              (b. 1694 - d. 1766)
20 May 1766 -  5 Apr 1767  Male Rao Holkar II                 (b. 1745 - d. 1767)
Apr 1767 - 13 Aug 1795     Ahalya Bai Holkar (III)(f)-Regent  (b. 1725 - d. 1795)
13 Aug 1795 - 29 Jan 1797  Tukoji Rao I Holkar IV             (b. 1723 - d. 1797)
                             (also listed as co-ruler from Apr 1767)
29 Jan 1797 - Jan 1799     Kashi Rao Holkar V                 (b. 17.. - d. 1808)
Jan 1799 - 1806            Khande Rao I Holkar VI             (b. 1798 - d. 1806)
1806 - 27 Oct 1811         Yashwant Rao I Holkar              (b. 1776 - d. 1811)
                             (regent Jan 1799 - 1806)
Nov 1811 - 27 Oct 1833     Malhar Rao III Holkar VII          (b. 1801 - d. 1833)
Nov 1811 - 20 Dec 1817     Maharani Tulsi Bai (f) -Regent     (d. 1817)
27 Oct 1833 -  2 Feb 1834  Martand Rao Holkar VIII            (b. 1830 - d. 1849)
 2 Feb 1834 - 24 Oct 1843  Hari Rao Holkar IX                 (b. 1795 - d. 1843)
24 Oct 1843 - 17 Feb 1844  Khande Rao II Holkar X             (b. 1828 - d. 1844)
24 Oct 1843 - 17 Feb 1844  Maharani Maji (f)-Regent (1st time)(d. 1849)        
27 Jun 1844 - 17 Jun 1886  Tukoji Rao II Holkar XI            (b. 1835 - d. 1886)
                            
(from 25 Jun 1861, Sir Tukoji Rao II Holkar XI)
27 Jun 1844 - Sep 1849     Maharani Maji
(f)-Regent (2nd time)(s.a.)
17 Jun 1886 - 31 Jan 1903  Shivaji Rao Holkar XII             (b. 1859 - d. 1908)
                            
(from 30 Jun 1887, Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar XII)
31 Jan 1903 - 26 Feb 1926  Tukoji Rao III Holkar XIII         (b. 1890 - d. 1978)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Tukoji Rao III Holkar XIII)
26 Feb 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Yashwant Rao II Holkar XIV         (b. 1908 - d. 1961)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1935, Yashwant Rao II Holkar XIV)
26 Feb 1926 -  9 Nov 1930  Siremal Bapna -
Regent              (b. 1882 - d. 1964)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1808 - 1811              Bala Ram Seth
1811 - 10 Dec 1817         Ganpat Rao
1818 - Apr 1826            Tantia Jogh (
Tatya Joga)           (d. 1826)
Apr 1826 - 1827?           Raoji Trimbak
1827                       Daji Bakhshi
1827? - 1829               Appa Rao Krishna
1829 - 1834?               Madhav Rao Phadnis
Apr 1834 - Nov 1836        Sardar Revaji Rao Phanse
1836 - 1837                Sailgram Mantri (or Bhawani Bin)
1837 - 1840                Abbaji Ballal
1839? - 1840?              Bhao Rao Phanse (1st time)
1840? - Oct 1841           Narayan Rao Palshikar              (d. 1841)
1841 - 1842?               the ruler
1842? - 1848               Bhao Rao Phanse (2nd time)
1848 - 1849?               Ram Rao Palshikar
1852 - 1872                the ruler
1872 - May 1875           
Sir Madhav Rao Thanjavurkar        (b. c.1828 - d. 1891)
May 1875 - 1881            Ragunath Rao (1st time)            (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
1881? - Nov 1884           Surnonut Khooman Singhji
24 Nov 1884 - 1886         Nana Moroji Trilokekar
1886 - 23 Apr 1888         Ragunath Rao (2nd time)            (s.a.)
23 Apr 1888 – 17 May 1888  Bukshi Kuman Singh
                           + Pir Kashirao Dada Saheb
17 May 1888 - 1890         Vinayak J. Kirtane
c.1893 - Jan 1896          K.C. Bedarkar
1896 - 1913                Nanak Chand Agarwal
 4 Apr 1913 - Oct 1914     Sir Narayan Ganesh Chandavarkar    (b. 1855 - d. 1923)
Oct 1914 - 13 Sep 1916     Bahadur Khandekar
1916 - 19..                Ramprasad Dube

Nov 1921 - 1922?           Chettur Sankaran Nair              (b. 1857 - d. 1934)
1922 - 25 Feb 1926         D.N. Narasinga Rao
Prime ministers
Feb 1926 - Jul 1939        Siremal Bapna                      (s.a.)
1939 - 1942?               Sardar Dina Nath
1942 - 1947                Raja Gyan Nath Madan               (b. 1885 - d. c.1976)
1947                       R.G. Horton
 1 Sep 1947 -  3 Jan 1948  E.P. Menon
Jan 1948                   N.C. Mehta
26 Jan 1948 - Mar 1948     M.V. Bhide

British Residents in Indore
Jun 1818 –  2 Nov 1829     Gerald Wellesley (1st time)        (b. 1790 - d. 1833)
Feb 1829 – Jan 1830        Josiah Stewart (acting)            (b. 1781 - d. 1839)
 5 Mar 1830 – 12 Aug 1830  Cornwallis Richard Cartwright      (b. 1801 - d. 1870)
                             (acting)
13 Aug 1830 – 11 Nov 1831  Gerald Wellesley (2nd time)        (s.a.)
12 Nov 1831 – 29 Feb 1832  Thomas Robinson (1st time)(acting)
Mar 1832 – Dec 1833        William Byam Martin
                (b. 1781 - d. 1869)
Jan 1834 – Mar 1834        Thomas Robinson (2nd time)(acting)
Mar 1834 – Jan 1840        John Bax                           (b. 1807 - d. 1878)
27 Jan 1840 – Jun 1840     William Borthwick (acting)
Jun 1840 – Mar 1844        Sir Claude Martin Wade             (b. 1794 - d. 1861)
 4 Apr 1844 –  4 Apr 1859  Robert North Collie Hamilton       (b. 1802 - d. 1887)

Apr 1857 – 14 Dec 1857?    Henry Marion Durand                (b. 1812 – d. 1871)
                             (acting for Hamilton)
 5 May 1859 – Oct 1861    
Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
Oct 1861 – Dec 1861        Richard Harte Keatinge             (b. 1825 - d. 1904)
 5 Dec 1861 –  8 Mar 1869 
Richard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1899)
 8 Mar 1869 – 10 Feb 1881  Henry Dermot Daly                  (b. 1823 - d. 1895)
16 Apr 1873 – 28 Feb 1874  John Watson (acting for Daly)      (b. 1829 - d. 1919)
10 Feb 1881 - May 1888     Henry Lepel-Griffin
                (b. 1838 - d. 1908)
 3 Apr 1883 - 1884         Patrick Wilson Bannerman           (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
                             (acting for Griffin)
12 May 1887 -  3 Nov 1887  Patrick Wilson Bannerman           (s.a.)
                             (acting for Griffin)
 
1 May 1888 - 1888         Frederick Henvey (1st time)(acting)(b. 1842 - d. 1913)
May 1888 - 1888            Henry Phipson Peacock (acting)     (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
Jan 1889 - Jan 1891        Frederick Henvey (2nd time)        (s.a.)
Jan 1891 – 19 Sep 1894     Robert Joseph Crosthwaite          (b. 1841 - d. 1917)
20 Sep 1891 – Oct 1891     Duncan George Pitcher              (b. 1839 - d. 1924)
                             (acting for
Crosthwaite)
13 Jul 1893 – 19 Oct 1893  Edward Swatman Reynolds            (b. 1838 - d. 1896)
                             (acting for Crosthwaite)
20 Sep 1894 – 30 Sep 1894  Donald Robertson (acting)          (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
30 Sep 1894 - 1899         David William Keith Barr           (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
                            
(acting to 20 Mar 1895)
14 Apr 1895 – 30 Jun 1895  Donald Robertson (acting for Barr) (s.a.)
15 Jul 1898 – 10 Oct 1898  Charles Stuart Bailey
                             (acting for Barr)
21 Apr 1899 –  5 Nov 1899  William Hutt Curzon Wyllie         (b. 1848 - d. 1909)
Oct 1899 - 1902            Robert Henry Jennings              (b. 1852 - d. 19..)
21 Feb 1900 –  2 Mar 1900  Thomas Caldwell Pears              (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
                             (acting for
Jennings)
 2 Mar 1900 – Oct? 1900    Charles Stuart Bailey
                             (acting for Jennings)
Feb 1902 - 1903            Francis Younghusband               (b. 1863 - d. 1942)
May 1903 – 15 Aug 1907    
Oswald Vivian Bosanquet            (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
 9 Jun 1906 – 20 Jul 1906  Philip Trevor Augustine Spence
                             (acting for Bosanquet)
Aug 1907 - 1909            James Levett Kaye                  (b. 1861 - d. 1917)
Jul 1909 - Apr 1910        Charles Eckford Luard              (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
13 Jul 1909 - 1913         Charles Lennox Somerville Russell  (b. 1872 - d. 1960)

                             (1st time)
May 1913 – Sep 1913        Alexander Lauzun Pendock Tucker    (b. 1861 – d. 1941)
                             (acting for Russel)
 9 Sep 1913 – 31 Oct 1913 
John Barry Wood                    (b. 1870 - d. 1933)
                             (
acting for Russel)
 1 Nov 1913 – 22 Feb 1916  Charles Lennox Somerville Russell  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
23 Feb 1916 – 31 Oct 1916  Arthur Royance Jelf                (b. 1875 - d. bf.1941)
1916 - 1947                the
Agents to the Governor-General 
                           for Central India Agency

Agents to the Governor-General for Central India Agency (from 1916, in Indore)
1845 - 1854                R
obert North Collie Hamilton       (s.a.)
1854 - 1899                the Residents in Indore
1899 - 1900                David William Keith Barr           (s.a.)
Mar 1900 - 1905            Charles Stuart Bayley              (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
Jun 1901 - Nov 1901        Malcolm John Meade                 (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
                             (acting for Bayley)
19 Feb 1905 - 1910         Hugh Daly                          (b. 1860 - d. 1939)
                             (acting for Bayley Nov 1903 - May 1904)
18 Sep 1906 – 27 Oct 1906  Henry Venn Cobb (acting for
Daly)
14 Sep 1907 – 26 Oct 1907  Charles Herbert (acting for Daly)
Aug 1910 - 1913            Michael Francis O'Dwyer            (b. 1864 - d. 1940)
10 May 1913 - 16 May 1913  John Barry Wood (acting)           (b. 1870 - d. 1933)
Nov 1913 - 1919            Oswald Vivian Bosanquet            (s.a.)
Nov 1919 - 1921            Francis Granville Beville          (b. 1867 - d. 1923)
Jul 1921 - 1924            Denys Brooke Blakeway              (b. 1870 - d. 1933)
17 Apr 1924 - Mar 1929     Sir Reginald Glancy                (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
 8 Mar 1927 - Oct 1927     Edward Herbert Kealy               (b. 1873 - d. 1953)
                             (acting for Glancy)
13 May 1928 – 22 Sep 1928  Cecil Hamilton Gabriel             (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
                             (acting for Glancy)
Mar 1929 –  9 Dec 1929     Hugh Robert Norman Pritchard       (b. 1879 - d. 19..)
 9 Dec 1929 – 1931         Robert John Wingfield Heale        (b. 1877 - d. 1962)
18 Sep 1931 - 1932         George Drummond Ogilvie            (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
24 Apr 1932 - 12 Jul 1932  Denis Grey Wilson (acting)         (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
13 Jul 1932 -  1 Jul 1933  Bertrand James Glancy              (b. 1882 - d. 1953)
 1 Jul 1933 - 21 Mar 1935  Rawdon James MacNabb               (b. 1883 - d. 1935)
 8 Jan 1935 - 1940         Kenneth Samuel Fitze               (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
                             (acting to Aug 1935)
17 Aug 1935 - 18 Jan 1936  Henry William Cumine Robson
                             (acting for Fitze)
25 Mar 1937 - 24 Apr 1937  Denholme de Montalte Stuart Fraser (b. 1889 - d. 1956)
                             (acting for Fitze)
12 Mar 1938 – 16 Jul 1938  Denholm de Montalte Stuart Fraser  (s.a.)
                             (acting for Fitze)
 9 Feb 1940 - 1942         Gerald Thomas Fisher               (b. 1887 - d. 1965)
23 Oct 1942 - 1946         Walter Fendall Campbell            (b. 1894 - d. 1973)
1946 - 1947                Henry Mortimer Poulton             (b. 1898 - d. 1973)



Jafarabad (Jafrabad) and Janjira
 
[Jafarabad
                          (Jafrabad) and Janjira to c.1945]
           1924 - c.1945
[Jafarabad
                          (Jafrabad) and Janjira]
                     c.1945 - 1947
[Janjira
                          Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
   2 Aug 1921 - 14 Aug 1947 Janjira Merchant Flag
[Jafarabad
                          Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
  2 Aug 1921 - 14 Aug 1947 Jafarabad Merchant Flag

c.1650                     Jafarabad state founded.
1676                       Janjira state founded.
 6 Dec 1733                Defensive and offensive treaty signed with the British.
1759                       Jafarabad and Janjira states enter into personal union.
1834                       British protectorate.

Thanadars of Jafarabad
c.1650 - 16..              Fath Khan
16.. - 1678                Sambhol Yaqut Khan
1678 - 1734                Qasim Yaqut Khan
1734 - 1759                Surur Khan
Wazirs of Janjira
1676 - 1703                Kasim Yaqut Khan II                (d. 1703)
1703 - 1707                Amabat
Yaqut Khan II
1707 - 1732                Surur Yakut Khan II 
              (d. 1732)
1732 - 1734                Hasan Khan (1st time)              (d. 1746)

1734 - 1737                Sumbul Khan
1737 - 1740                `Abd al-Rahman Khan
1740 - 1745
               Hasan Khan (2nd time)              (s.a.)
1745 - 1757                Ibrahim Khan I (1st time)          (d. 1761)
1757                      
Mohammad Khan I                    (d. 1757)
1757 - 1759                Ibrahim Khan I (2nd time)          (s.a.)
Thanadars
of Jafarabad and Wazirs of Janjira

1759 - 1761                Ibrahim Khan I                     (s.a.)
1761 - 1772                Yaqut Khan (usurper to 6 Jun 1772) (d. 1772)

1772 - 1784                `Abd al-Rahim Khan                 (d. 1784)
1784 - 1789                Jowhar Khan                        (d. 1789)
                            - in dispute with -
1784 - 1789                `Abd al-Karim Yaqut Khan
1789 - 1794                Ibrahim Khan II                    (d. 1826)

1794 - 1803                Jumrud Khan                        (d. 1803)
Rulers (title Nawab)
1803 - 1826                Ibrahim Khan II                    (s.a.)
1826 - 31 Aug 1848         Mohammad Khan I                    (d. 1848)

31 Aug 1848 - 28 Jan 1879  Ibrahim Khan III                   (b. 1825 - d. 1879)
28 Jan 1879 -  2 May 1922  Ahmad Khan                         (b. 1862 - d. 1922)
                             (from 1 Jan 1895, Sir Ahmad Khan)
28 Jun 1879 - 11 Oct 1883  .... -Regent
 2 May 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Khan II                   (b. 1914 - d. 1972)

 2 May 1922 -  9 Nov 1933  Kulsum Begum (f) -Regent           (b. 1897 - d. 1959)


Jaintia

c.1500                     Jaintia state founded.
15 Mar 1835                Annexed to British India.

Rajas
1694 - 1708                Ram Singh I                        (d. 1708)
1708 - 1731                Jay Narayan
1731 - 1770                Bar Gosain
1770 - 1780                Chattra Singh
1780 - 1790                Bijay Narayan
1790 - 1832                Ram Singh II                       (d. 1832)
1832 - 1835                Rajendra Singh                     (d. 1861)



Jaipur
 
[Jaipur, c.1699
                          - 1818]
            c.1699 - 1818
 
[Jaipur, c.1630
                          - c.1699 and 1818 - 1877]
         c.1630 - c.1699, 1818 - 1877
 
[Jaipur,
                          1877-1922]
                     1877 - 1922
 
[Jaipur,
                          1922-1946]
                              1922 - 1946
[Jaipur, 1946]
                   Adopted 1946

1093                       Dhundhar state founded.
1300's - Nov 1727          Also known as Amber.
Nov 1727                   New capital, Jaipur (Jayapura), founded;
                             state takes name from capital.
 
2 Apr 1818                British protectorate.

Maharajas
31 Dec 1699 - 21 Sep 1743  Sawai Jai Singh I                  (b. 1688 - d. 1743)
21 Sep 1743 - 12 Dec 1750  Sawai Ishwari Singh                (b. 1721 - d. 1750)
1750 -  5 Mar 1768         Sawai Madho Singh I                (b. 1728 - d. 1768)
 5 Mar 1768 - 13 Apr 1778  Sawai Prithvi Singh II             (b. 1763 - d. 1778)
1768 - 1778                Rani Chandawatiji (f) -Regent
1778 - 1803                Sawai Pratap Singh                 (b. 1764 - d. 1803)

1803 - 21 Nov 1818         Sawai Jagat Singh II               (d. 1818)
22 Dec 1818 - 25 Apr 1819  Mohan Singh (Man Singh II) -Regent (b. c.1809 - d. 18..)
25 Apr 1819 -  6 Feb 1835  Sawai Jai Singh III                (b. 1819 - d. 1835)
25 Apr 1819 - 1834         Maharani Batianji (II)(f) -Regent  (d. 1834) 
27 Sep 1835 - 17 Sep 1880  Sawai Ram Singh II                 (b. 1835 - d. 1880)

                             (from 11 Nov 1863, Sir Ram Singh II)
27 Sep 1835 - 1839         Chandrawatji Maharani (f) -Regent  (b. 1821 - d. 1858)

17 Sep 1880 -  7 Sep 1922  Sawai Madho Singh II               (b. 1861 - d. 1922)
                             (from 2 Jan 1888, Sir Madho Singh II)
 7 Sep 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Sawai Man Singh II                 (b. 1911 - d. 1970)
                             (from 3 Jun 1935, Sir Man Singh II)


Dewans
(chief ministers)
1705 - 1706                Kishore Das Laxmi Das
c.1708                     Ram Chand (1st time)
1709 - 1713                Bihari Das
                           + Fateh Chand
c.1713                     Shyam Chand
1716                       Rai Narain Das Kirpa Ram
                             (1st time)
c.1716                     Ram Chand (2nd time)
1717 - 1719                Kishore Das
                           + Tara Chand
1725 - 1731                Rai Narain Das Kirpa Ram
                             (2nd time)
1737 - 1741                Rai Narain Das Vidyadhar
                             (1st time)
                           + Fateh Ram (1739-1741)
1745                       
Rai Narain Das Vidyadhar
                             (2nd time)
                           + Fateh Ram

c.1745 -  9 Feb 1747       Raja Ayamal Khatri
Feb 1747 - Aug 1750        Keshavdas Khatri
Aug 1750 - c.1754          Hargovind Natani
c.1755                     Jago Pandit
c.1757                     Kaniram Nandlal
c.1761                     Shamram Trivedi
c.1764 - c.1771            Surat Ram Mehta
c.1771 - c.1779            Khushhali Ram Bohra (1st time)
c.1779                     Rodu Ram Khawas
17.. - Jul 1781            Khushhali Ram Bohra (2nd time)
Jul 1781 - Apr 1786        Daulat Ram Haldia
Apr 1786 - Jan 1787        Khushhali Ram Bohra
1787 - 27 Aug 1791         Roda Ram Khawas
Aug 1791 - 1794            Daulat Ram Haldia                  (d. 1794)
1794 - 1798                Khushhali Ram Bohra (?)
1798 - 1800                Dinaram Bohra
1800 - 1808                Rai Chand
1808 - 1810                Rao Chaturbhuj Haldia
1810 - 1811                Megh Singh
Jul 1811 - 22 Apr 1812     Kushhali Ram Bohra                 (d. 1812)
1812 - 1815?               Misra Sheo Narayan
1815 - 1818                Purohit Manji Das
1818 - 1819                Nazir Mohan Ram
1819 - 1824                Rawal Bairisal
1824 - 1826                Hukm Chand Saraogi
                           + Megh Singh
1826 - 1828                Rao Chand Singh
1828 - 1835                Jhota Ram Saraogi
1835 - 1838                Rawal Bairi Sal                    (d. 1838)
1838 - 1854                Sheo Singh Nathawat
1854 - 1860               
Rawal Sheo Singh                   (d. c.1860)
1862                       Lakshman Sing                      (d. 1862)
186. - 1863                Pandit Sheodin
1863                       Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan            (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
1863 - 186.                Bishin Berdin
186.                       Hari Mohan Sen
1864? - 1873               Faiz Ali Khan
1873 - 1883                Thakur Fateh Singh Ji Naila        (b. 1830 - d. 1897)
1883 - 1901                Shri Kanti Chandra Mukherjee       (b. 18.. - d. 1901)
1901 - 1906                Babu Sansar Chandra Sen
1906 - 11 May 1909         Shri Sansar Chandra                (b. 18.. - d. 1909)
1909 - 19..                Avinash Chandra Sen
1916 - 1922                Amar Nath Atal                     (b. 1892 - d. 1957)
1922 - 1923                Charles Cleveland
1923 - May 1923            Stewart Blakeley Agnew Patterson
   (b. 1872 - d. 1942)
May 1923 - Apr 1924       
Bertrand James Glancy (1st time)   (b. 1882 - d. 1953)
Apr 1924 - 1925            Leonard William Reynolds
1925  (6 months)           George Drummond Ogilvie (acting)   (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
Oct 1925 - Mar 1927        Velagapudi Ramakrishna
Mar 1927 - Mar 1929        Henry Rundle Lawrence              (d. 1949)
 8 Mar 1929 - 30 Sep 1929  A.S. Meek
30 Sep 1929 - 24 Oct 1929  Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
24 Oct 1929 - 1932         Bertrand James Glancy (2nd time)   (s.a.)

1933 - 1939                Beauchamp St. John                 (b. 1874 - d. 1954)
Apr 1939 - 31? Aug 1939    Herbert John Todd
Oct 1939 - 1942            Raja Gyan Nath                     (b. 1885 - d. c.1976)

19 Jun 1942 - Jul 1946
    Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail          (b. 1883 – d. 1959)
Aug 1946 - Apr 1949        Vangal Thiruvenkatachari           (b. 1881 - d. 1964)
                             Krishnamachari

British Residents in Jaipur
Mar 1821 - Feb 1824        Josiah Stewart                     (b. 1781 - d. 1839)
23 Apr 1824 - Nov 1825     Felix Vincent Raper                (b. 1787 - d. 1849)
12 Nov 1825 - 1830         John Low                           (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
Mar 1828 - 30 Nov 1829     George Clerk (acting for Low)
Nov 1830 - Sep 1838        the Agents to Governor-General for Rajputana
26 Sep 1838 - Aug 1839     Robert Ross                        (d. 1854)
14 Aug 1839 - Jan 1844     Charles Thoresby                   (d. 1862)
Nov 1843 - Jan 1844        Hervey Harris Greathead            (b. 1817 - d. 1857)
                             (acting for Thoresy)
24 Jan 1844 - 25 Dec 1847  John Ludlow                        (b. 1801 - d. 1882)
Dec 1847 - Sep 1856        William Henry Rickards             (b. 1809 - d. 1884)
Sep 1856 - Nov 1860?       William Frederick Eden             (b. 1814 - d. 1867)
1860 - 1864?               John Cheape Brooke (1st time)      (b. 1818 - d. 1899)
1864? - Mar 1864           R.L. Taylor (acting)
Mar 1864 - 1864            John Cheape Brooke (2nd time)      (s.a.)
Mar 1864 - 1881            William Howell Beynon              (b. c.1826 - d. 1903)
1870 - 1871                Edward Ridley Colborne Bradford    (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
                             (acting for Beynon)
10 Apr 1875 - 187.         J.A. Wright (acting for Beynon)

1877 - 16 Nov 1877         Victor Edward Law                  (b. 1842 - d. 1910)

                             (acting for Beynon)
1880?                      Thomas Holbein Hendley             (b. 1847 - d. 1917)
                             (acting for Beynon)    
1881 - 1882                Adelbert Cecil Talbot              (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
27 Sep 1882 - Dec 1885     John Proudfoot Stratton            (b. 1830 - d. 1895)
Dec 1885 - 23 Apr 1888     Frederick Henvey                   (b. 1842 - d. 1913)
23 Apr 1888 - Nov 1888?    Henry Phipson Peacock (1st time)   (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
                             (acting)
23 Nov 1888 - Dec 1890     William Francis Prideaux           (b. 1840 - d. 1914)
Dec 1890 - May 1891        Henry Phipson Peacock (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 7 May 1891 –  5 Jan 1892  Henry Byam Abbott                  (b. 1843 - d. 1914)
                             (acting for Peacock)
 5 Jan 1892 - 1895         Henry Phipson Peacock (3rd time)   (s.a.)

1893                       Norton Charles Martelli            (b. 1844 - d. ....)
                             (acting for Peacock)
Apr 1894 - 29 Apr 1895     William Francis Prideaux           (s.a.)
                             (acting for Peacock)
29 Apr 1895 - Apr 1897     Victor Edward Law                  (s.a.)
Apr 1897 - Apr 1898        Charles Bayley
Apr 1898 - Dec? 1900       George Robert Irwin                (b. 1855 - d. 1933)
Dec 1900 -  6 Apr 1903     Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
 6 Apr 1903 - 1904?        Thomas Caldwell Pears              (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
Mar 1905 -  3 Apr 1909     Charles Herbert
 8 Jul 1906 - 17 Jul 1906  William Henry Banner Robinson      (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
                             (acting for Herbert)
17 Jul 1906–af.31 Aug 1906 H.L. Showers (acting for Herbert)
 3 Apr 1909 - 1912         Herbert Lionel Showers             (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
 9 Jul 1907 – 11 Nov 1907  Henry Beauchamp St. John           (b. 1874 - d. 1954)
                             (acting for Showers)
Sep 1910 - 191.            Arthur d'Arcy Gordon Bannerman     (b. 1866 - d. 1955) 
                             (acting for Showers)
Apr 1912 - 1916            Stuart Farquharson Bayley          (b. 1863 - d. 1938)
1913                       Arthur d'Arcy Gordon Bannerman     (s.a.) 
                             (acting for Bayley)
Nov 1913 - 1914            William Christopher Ramsay Stratton(b. 1862 - d. 1942)
                             (acting for Bayley)
Sep 1915 – Dec 1915        Edward Barnes Peacock (acting)     (b. 1873 - d. c.1955)
Feb 19
16 - Feb 1922        Robert Arthur Edward Benn          (b. 1867 - d. 1940)
 4 Feb 1922 - 26 Mar 1924  Stewart Blakeley Agnew Patterson   (b. 1872 - d. 1942)
                             (2nd time)
26 Mar 1924 - 31 Mar 1924  Edmund Currey Gibson (1st time)    (b. 1886 – d. 1974)
                             (acting)
 1 Apr 1924 – 25 Oct 1924 
Gordon Hay Anderson                (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
 1 Nov 1924 –  4 Dec 1924  Stewart Blakeley Agnew Patterson   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 5 Dec 1924 – 28 Feb 1925  Edmund Currey Gibson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
28 Feb 1925 – 10 Nov 1925  Donald Moyle Field 
10 Nov 1925 - 14 Apr 1929  Alexander Norman Ley Cater         (b. 1880 - d. 1957)
16 Mar 1928 – 13 May 1928  Strong
                             (acting for Cater)
13 May 1928 - 22 Sep 1928  Cecil Hamilton Gabriel             (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
                             (acting for Cater)
14 Apr 1929 -  9 Apr 1931  Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
                             (1st time)
10 Apr 1931 – 25 Jun 1933  Duncan George Mackenzie            (b. 1883 - d. 1965)
26 Jun 1933 –  2 Apr 1934  Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 3 Apr 1934 - 20 Nov 1935  Leslie Eric Barton                 (b. 1889 - d. 1952)
20 Nov 1935 –  4 Jun 1936  Kenmure Alick Garth Evans-Gordon   (b. 1885 - d. 1960)
 4 Jun 1936 –  8 Aug 1936  Herbert Milner Wightwick (1st time)(b. 1885 - d. 19..)
                             (acting)
 8 Aug 1936 - 16 Sep 1936  Francis Verner Wylie (1st time)    (b. 1891 - d. 1970)
16 Sep 1937 - 19 Feb 1937  Herbert Milner Wightwick (2nd time)(s.a.)
                             (acting)
19 Feb 1937 – 16 Dec 1937  Francis Verner Wylie (2nd time)    (s.a.)
16 Dec 1937 –  4 Mar 1938  George Van Baerle Gillan (acting)  (b. 1890 - d. 1974)
 4 Mar 1938 – 25 Nov 1938  Joseph Herbert Thompson (1st time) (b. 1898 - d. 19..)
                             (acting)
25 Nov 1938 –  5 May 1939  Conrad Lawrence Corfield           (b. 1893 - d. 1980)
 7 May 1939 - 1941         Joseph Herbert Thompson (2nd time) (s.a.)
Nov 1940 - 29 Nov 1940     Lancelot Cecil Lepel Griffin       (b. 1900 - d. 1964)
                             (acting for Thompson)
21 Apr 1941 - 1942?       
Charles Gordon Herbert             (b. 1893 - d. 19..)
30 Apr 1942 - Apr 1944     Henry Mortimer Poulton             (b. 1898 - d. 1973)
Apr 1944 - Jul 1945        Geoffrey Baynton Williams          (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
                             (1st time)
Jul 1945 - Dec 1945        Richmond Keith Molesworth Battye   (b. 1905 - d. 1958)
Dec 1945 – Jan 1946        Lionel W. Jardine                  (b. 1895 - d. 1980)
Jan 1946 - 1947?           Geoffrey Baynton Williams          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1947? - Apr 1947           Leonard George Coke-Wallis         (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
Jul 1945 – 28 Dec 1945     Richmond Keith Molesworth Battye   (b. 1905 - d. 1958)
                             (acting for
Coke-Wallis)
Apr 1947 - 14 Aug 1947     Louis Alexander Gordon Pinhey      (b. 1901 - d. 1988)


Jaisalmir (Jaisalmer)

[Jaisalmer]

c.731                      Deogarh state founded.
1156                       New capital Jaisalmir founded; state takes name from capital.
11 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1661 - 1702                Amar Singh                         (b. 16.. - d. 1702)
1702 - 1708                Jaswant Singh                      (d. af.1722)
1708 - 1722                Budh Singh                         (d. 1722)
1722 - 1762                Akhai Singh
22 Oct 1762 -  8 Oct 1819  Mulraj II Singh                    (d. 1819)
18 Feb 1820 - 11 Nov 1846  Gaj Singh                          (b. 1800 - d. 1846)
1846 - Jun 1864            Ranjit Singh
1846 - 18..                Sardar Mal Purohit -Regent
1864 - 10 Mar 1891         Bairi Sal                          (b. 1848 - d. 1891)

10 Mar 1891 - 11 Apr 1914  Shyam (Salivahan) Singh            (b. 1887 - d. 1914)
26 Jun 1914 - 15 Aug 1947  Jawahir Singh                      (b. 1882 - d. 1949)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir
Jawahir Singh)
 
Dewans (chief ministers)
1825 - 18..                Bishan Singh Mehta
18.. - 1869                Kesri Singh
1869 - 188.                Chhattar Singh
                           Mehta Ajit Singh
c.1885 – 1889              Mohata (or Mehta) Nathmal
1889 - 1903                Mehta Jagjiwan
189. - 1900                Thakur Kushal Singh (acting)       (b. 18.. - d. 1900)
1900                       Rawatmal (acting)
1903 - 1909                Lakshmi Das Raoji Sapat
1911 - Jun 1912            Mohammed Niyaz Ali Kazi Hapiri     (b. 1866 - d. 19..)
Jun 1912 - 21 Mar 1930     Murarji Rooji (Moraji Rao) Sapat
1930 - 19..                M.L. Khosala
19.. – 17 May 1934         Pandit Jamana Lal
18 May 1934 – c.Oct 1935   Munshi Nand Kishore Mehta
19.. - 19..                Lala Rakhpat Raj
19.. - 19..                P.K. Shurugula
19.. - 19..                Brij Mohan Nath Zutshi
19.. - 19..                Anand Swaroop
19.. - 19..                Onkar Singh
c.1940 - c.1942            Lakhpat Rai Sikund
May 1943 – Aug 1943        Vacant
24 Aug 1943 – c.Feb 1945   P.K. Shunglu



Jaitpur 

1807                       British protectorate.
1849                       Annexed by British India.

Rajas
.... - 1758                Jagat Rai
1758 - 1765                Pahar Singh
1765 - ....                Gaj Singh
.... - 1812                Kesri Singh
1812 - 1842                Parikhat Singh
1842 - 1849                Khet Singh                         (d. 1849)



Jalaun 

1840                       Annexed to British India

Rajas
1776 - 1822                Govindrao I
1822 - 1832                Balarao
1831 - 1840                Govindrao II                       (d. 1840)



Jambughoda

[Jambughoda]

13..                       Jambugodha state founded.
1826 - 1829
                British protectorate.
1829 - 1838                Occupied by Baroda.
1839                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
.... - 1820                Amarsinghji
1820 - 1870                Jagatsinhji
1870 - 1911                Dipsinhji Jagatsinhji              (b. 1841 - d. 1911)

1911 - 27 Sep 1917         Gambhirsimhji                      (d. 1917)

27 Sep 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranjitsinhji Gambhirsinhji         (b. 1892 - d. 1962)



Jamkhandi

[Jamkhandi]

1811                       Jamkhandi state founded.

Rajas
1811 - 18 Nov 1840         Gopal Rao Ramchandra Rao           (b. 1799 - d. 1840)
18 Nov 1840 - 12 Jan 1897  Ramchandra Rao Gopal Rao           (b. 1833 - d. 1897)
                             "Appa Sahib Patwardhan"
12 Jan 1897 - 25 Feb 1924  Parashuram Rao Ramchandra Rao      (b. 1883 - d. 1924)
                             "Bhav Sahib Patwardhan"
                             (from Jan 1913, Sir Parashuram Rao Ramchandra Rao)
25 Feb 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Sankar Rao Parashuram Rao          (b. 1906 - d. 1947)

                             "Appa Sahib Patwardhan" 


Jammu and Kashmir: see separate entry under India
Jandol: see Pakistani Princely States

Janjira: see Jafarabad and Janjira


Jaora
 
[Jaora to 1895]
                  c.1865 - 1895
[Jaora]
                  1895 - 1947

 6 Jan 1817                Jaora state founded.
 6 Jan 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
 6 Jan 1817 -  9 Sep 1825  Abdul Ghafur Mohammad Khan         (b. 1775 - d. 1825)
 9 Sep 1825 - 29 Apr 1865  Ghows Mohammad Khan                (b. 1823 - d. 1865)
 9 Sep 1825 - 1827         Musharraf Begum (f) -Regent        (d. 1827)
                           + Jahangir Khan
1827 - 1840                Borthwick -Regent
30 Apr 1865 -  6 Mar 1895  Ehtesam al-Dowla Mohammad Isma΄il  (b. 1854 - d. 1895)
                             Khan                          
30 Apr 1865 - 1872         Regents
                           - Hazrat Nur Khan

                           - Political Agent Western Malwa
 6 Mar 1895 - 15 Aug 1947  Fakhr al-Dowla Mohammad Eftekhar   (b. 1883 - d. 1947)
                             `Ali Khan (from 12 Dec 1911, Fakhr
                             al-Dowla Sir Mohammad Eftekhar `Ali Khan)                   
 6 Mar 1895 - 20 May 1906  Sahibzada Yar Muhammad Khan -Regent



Jasdan

[Jasdan]

bf.1665                    Jasdan state founded.
1807/08                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Darbar)
.... - 1809                Vajsur Odha Khachar                (d. 1809)
1809 - 27 Oct 1851         Chela Vajsur Khachar II            (d. 1851) 
1852 - 1904                Ala Chela Khachar Shri Vajdur Oda  (b. 1831 - d. 1904)
1904 - 21 Dec 1912         Odha Ala Khachar II                (d. 1912)
21 Dec 1912 - 10 Jul 1919  Vajsur Odha Khachar II             (d. 1919)
11 Jul 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Ala Vajsur Khachar                 (b. 1905 - d. 1973)
11 Jul 1919 -  1 Dec 1924  .... -Regent 



Jashpur

[Jashpur]

Rajas
.... - c.1813              Ranjit Singh                       (d. c.1813)
c.1813 - 1826              ....
1826 - 18..                Ram Singh

24 Oct 1845 - 1900         Pratap Narayan Singh Deo Bahadur   (b. c.1822 - d. 19..)
Apr 1900 - 1924            Bishan Pratap Singh Deo            (b. 1864 - d. 19..) 
1924 - 1926                Deo Saran Singh Ju Deo
 8 Feb 1926 - 1947         Vijay Bhushan Singh Ju Deo         (b. 1926 - d. 1982)



Jaso (Jassu)

1732                       Jaso state founded.
1750?                      State split into Bandhora and Jaso.
17..                       Jaso state reunited.
1816                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Dewan)
1732 - 1750                Bharti Chand                       (d. 1750)
1750 - 1775                Hari Singh
1775 - 1786                Chet Singh
1786 - 1830                Murat Singh
1830 - 1860                Ishwari Singh                      (d. 1860)
1860 - 1865                Ram Singh                          (d. 1865)
1865 - 1869                Shatrujit Singh
1869 - 1889                Bhopal Singh
 7 Jul 1889 - 1905         Gajraj Singh
1905 - 1915                Girwar Singh
1915 - 1942                Ram Pratap Singh                   (b. 1910 - d. 1942)
1942 - 15 Aug 1947         Anand Pratap Singh


Bandhora

Rulers (title Dewan)
1750?- 17..                Durjan Singh
17.. - 17..                Medni Singh



Jaswan

1170                       Jaswan state founded according to tradition.
1815                       Annexed to the Paρjab (Punjab).

Rajas
.... - ....                Ram Singh 
.... - ....                Ajit Singh 
.... - ....                Jaghar Singh 
.... - ....                Abhirai Singh 
.... - ....                Jagrup Singh 
.... - 1800?               Prit Singh 
1800 - 1815                Ummed Singh                        (b. c.1781 - d. 1849)



Jath (Joth)

[Jath (Joth)]

1686                       Jath state founded.

Rulers (title Deshmukh)
1686 - Jul 1706            Satvaji Rao "Satvaji Chavan"       (b. 16.. - d. 1706)
Jul 1706 - 1754            Yesu Bai "Au Sahib" (f)            (d. 1754)
1754 - 1759                Yeshwant Rao                       (d. 1759)
1759 - 1790                Amrit Rao I                        (d. 1790)
1790 - 1810                Khanji Rao                         (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
1810 - 1822                Renkuka Bai (f)                    (d. 1822)
1822 - Dec 1823            Sali Bai (f)                       (d. 1823)
Dec 1823 - Aug 1835        Ram Rao I Narayan Rao              (d. 1835)
                             "Aba Sahib Daphle" 
Aug 1835 - 29 Jul 1846     Bhagirathi Bai (f)                 (d. 1846)
29 Jul 1846 - 11 Jan 1892  Amrit Rao II "Rao Sahib Daphle"    (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
                             (suspended 1874 - 1885 and from 1889)
29 Jul 1846 - 1853         .... -Regent
1853 - 1857                Lakshmi Bai (f) -Regent            (b. c.1830 - d. 1857)
1874 - 1885                .... -Administrator
1889 - 11 Jan 1892         ....
-Administrator
13 Jan 1892 - 14 Aug 1928  Ram Rao II Amrit Rao               (b. 1886 - d. 1928)
                             "Aba Sahib Daphle"
11 Jan 1892 - 28 Mar 1897  Lakshmi Bai Raje Sahib             (b. 1843 - d. 1897)
                             Daphle (f) -Regent  
28 Mar 1897 - 11 Jul 1907  .... -Regent
14 Aug 1928 - 23 Jun 1936  Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao            (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
                             "Baba Sahib Daphle"
14 Aug 1928 - 12 Jan 1929  Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati      (b. 1889 - d. 19..)  
                             Baghirathi Bai (f)
-Regent
Raja 

23 Jun 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao            (s.a.)
                             "Baba Sahib Daphle" 



Jawhar

[Jahwar]

 5 Jun 1343                Jawhar state founded.
1758 - 1768                Placed under managers appointed by the Peshwa.

Rajas
1678 - ....                Patangshah I                
.... - ....                Krishnashah II                    
.... - 1742                Vikramshah II                      (d. 1742)
1742 - 1758                Krishnashah III                    (d. 1758)                   
1758 - 1768                Interregnum
1768 - 1798                Patangshah II                      (d. 1798)

1798 - May 1821            Vikramshah III                     (d. 1821)
May 1821 - 11 Jun 1865     Patangshah III Vikramshah          (b. 1821 - d. 1865)
May 1821 - 1842            Rani Sagunabai (f) -Regent
11 Jun 1865 - 23 Jul 1865  Vikramshah IV Patangshah           (b. 1839 - d. 1865)
24 Jul 1865 - 1905         Patangshah IV Vikramshah           (b. 1854 - d. 1905)
24 Jul 1865 - 28 Mar 1875  Rani Gopikabai (f) -Regent         (d. 1875)
1905 - 16 Nov 1917         Krishnashah IV Patangshah          (b. 1879 - d. 1917)
16 Nov 1917 - 10 Dec 1927  Vikramshah V Patangshah            (b. 1885 - d. 1927)
10 Dec 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Patangshah V Vikramshah            (b. 1917 - d. 1978)
10 Dec 1927 - 16 Jan 1938  ... -Regent



Jhabua

[Jhabua]
                  1607 - 1947

1584                       Jhabua state founded.

Rajas
1677 - 1723                Kushal Singh
1723 - 1727                Anup Singh
1727 - 1758                Sheo Singh                         (d. 1758)
1758 - 1770                Bahadur Singh
1770 - 1821                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1829)
1821 - 1832                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1832)
1832 - 1840                Ratan Singh                        (d. 1840) 
Nov 1841 - 1895            Gopal Singh                        (b. 1841 - d. 1895)
26 Apr 1895 - 1942         Udai Singh                         (b. 1875 - d. af.1945)
1942 - 15 Aug 1947         Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1905 - d. 1965)



Jhalawar

[Jhalawar]

 8 Apr 1838                Jhalawar state founded from part of Kotah.
 1 Aug 1838                British protectorate.
 2 Mar 1896                Territories of the state united with Kotah.
 1 Jan 1899                Two former districts of Shahabad and Chaumahla formed into a 
                             new Jhalawar state, remainder is annexed to Kotah.

Rulers (title Rana)
 8 Apr 1838 - 1845         Madan Singh                        (b. 1808 - d. 1845)
1845 - 29 Aug 1875         Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1830 - d. 1875)
29 Aug 1875 -  2 Mar 1896  Zalim Singh                        (b. 1865 - d. 1912)
Mar 1876
- 1884            Henry Byam Abbott                  (b. 1843 - d. 1914)
                             (British superintendent)
 2 Mar 1896 -  1 Jan 1899  interregnum 

 1 Jan 1899 - 13 Apr 1929  Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1874 - d. 1929)
                             (from 26 Jun 1908, Sir Bhawani Singh)   
13 Apr 1929 -  2 Sep 1943  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1900 - d. 1943)

                             (from 9 Jun 1938, Sir Rajendra Singh)
 2 Sep 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Harisch Chandra Singh              (b. 1921 - d. 1967)



Jhansi

[Jhansi 1825-1853 (UK
                          flag)]
                               1825 - 1853
[Jhansi
                          1857-1858]
           1857 - 1858

 6 Feb 1801                British protectorate.
21 Nov 1853                Part of British India.

Rulers (title Rao)
1729 - 1740                Bajirao I (Pahila Bajirao)         (b. 1698 - d. 1740)
1742 - 1757