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Liechtenstein
 
Banner
                                    of Vaduz c.1719]
                Banner of Vaduz to c.1719
 
[Banner
                                    of Schellenberg c.1719]
             Banner of Schellenberg to c.1719
 
[Liechtenstein Prince's
                                    Standard c.1719-c.1883]
                   c.1719 - c.1883
 
[Liechtenstein c.1883 - 1821
                                    Flag Varaint]
            c.1883 - 5 Oct 1921 Variant
 
[Liechtenstein Flag
                                    c.1883-1937]
   c.1883 - 24 Jun 1937 (officially 5 Oct 1921)
 
[Liechtenstein Flag 1937-1982]
              24 Jun 1937 - 30 Jun 1982
 
[Liechtenstein Flag]
                  Adopted 30 Jun 1982
 


Map of Liechtenstein
Hear National Anthem
"Oben am jungen Rhein"
(High Above the Young Rhine)
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 1850
Constitution
(5 Oct 1921)
Capital: Vaduz  Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)
 and Liechtensteiner Franken
(from 26 May 1924); 1898-1921
Liechtensteiner Krone;
 
1898-1924 Austrian Krone
 (ATK); 1857-31 Dec 1900
 Austrian Gulden (ATG)
National Holiday: 15 Aug
Assumption Day
Population: 37,009 (2013)
GDP: $6.18 billion (2011) 
Exports: $3.76 billion (2011)
Imports: $2.21 billion (2011) 
Ethnic groups: Liechtensteiner 65.7%, Swiss 10.4%,
Austrian 5.9%, German 3.4%, Italian 3.5%,Turkish 2.6%,
other
8.5% (2004)
Total Police Forces: 91 (2011)
Military Abolished 1868
Defense is the Responsibility of Switzerland 
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic (official) 75.9%, Protestant
Reformed 6.5%, Muslim 5.4%, Lutheran 1.3%, other 1.8%,
none 5.4%, unspecified 2.6% (2010)
International Organizations/Treaties: APM, BTWC, CCM, CE, CTBT, CWC, EBRD, EFTA, ESCR, Eutelsat, IAEA, ICAO (observer), ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, IPU, IRENA, ISA (observer), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, NPT, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCLOS (signatory), UNCTAD, UNESOC (observer), UNFCC, UNHCR, UPU, WIPO, WTO
Liechtenstein
Chronology

15 AD - 493                Part of Roman Empire (part of Raetia).
493 - 537                  Under rule by the Ostrogoths. 
537 - 916                  Under Frankish rule. 
916 - 103.                 Part of Swabia.
103. -  8 Nov 1260         Part of Unterrätien (Vorarlberg).
 8 Nov 1260 -  3 May 1342  Part of Sargans. 
 3 May 1342                Vaduz (Vadutz) separated from Sargans in a dynastic
                             division, and upon imperial ratification on
                             22 Jul 1396, Vaduz is formally recognized as
                             immediate (reichsunmittelbar).
1396                       Vaduz pawned by the Count to his step-brothers
                             for 24 Marks of silver with interest.
1404                       Schellenberg pawned by the ruler of Vaduz to his
                             step-brothers
(renewed 1409).
21 Jul 1405                The people of Schellenberg allied themselves with
                             the Swiss (Sankt Gallen and Appenzell) against
                             their lords during
the Appenzell Wars.
15 Sep 1405                Feldkirch (in Vorarlberg) joins Schellenberg in
                             the alliance to
form Bund ob dem See (Alliance
                             above the Lake [Constance]).

 4 Apr 1408                Bund ob dem See dissolved by treaty.
 6 Sep 1416                Vaduz inherited by the Lord of Brandis.
26 Dec 1430               
Blutgerichtsbarkeit (high justice) granted to the
                             Lord of Brandis for his countship and lordships
                             in Walgau, Vaduz and in Eschnerberg (subsequently
                             confirmed 4 Feb 1454, 16 Oct 1492 & 2 Aug 1507).
14 Nov 1437                Maienfeld (in Graubünden, Switzerland) is acquired
                             from the Count of
Toggenburg (effected 4 Sep
                             1438 by take-over).

 4 Mar 1466                Werdenberg-Sargans claims on Lordship and County
                             of Vaduz waived for a 4,000 Florins payment.
12 Feb 1499                Occupied by Switzerland, lord is captured.
18 Feb 1499 - 13 Dec 1499  Vaduz annexed by the Swiss Confederation.
28 Mar 1509                Lordship of Maienfeld (Mayennfeldt) sold to
                             Graubünden for 20,000 Florins (effected on 29 Mar
                             1509 by take-over).

14 Jul 1510                Vaduz sold to nephew for 12,000 Florins by treaty.
22 Mar 1613                Vaduz sold to the Count of Sulz for 200,000 Florins
                             (effective on
15 Apr 1613).
12 May 1681                Prince-Abbot of Kempten named imperial commissioner
                             to
examine local witch-hunt trials (which are
                             deemed illegal
without exception on 15 Oct 1682).
24 Mar 1684 - 18 Feb 1686  Count is arrested and the county put under Imperial
                             administration. 
Feb 1693 -  9 Jun 1712     Imperial administration.
18 Jan 1699                Lordship of Schellenberg sold to the Prince of
                            
Liechtenstein for 115,000 Florins (effected 16
                             Mar
1699).
22 Feb 1712                Free Imperial County and Lordship of Vaduz (
Freie
                            
Reichsgraf- und Herrschaft Vaduz) purchased by
                             the Liechtenstein family for 290,000 Florins.
16 Jun 1712                Inherited by minor relatives over senior familias.
 9 Dec 1712                L
iechtenstein gets a seat in the Reichsfürstenrat
                            
(Imperial Council) ad personam (effective 15 Feb
                             1713;
made hereditary 13 Aug 1723).
12 Mar 1718                L
iechtenstein transferred to the respective
                             "Governor of the House" (Regierer des Hauses)
                             (senior familias), in exchange for some mediate
                             possessions (effected 5 Sep 1718).
23 Jan 1719¹               Vaduz and Schellenberg are merged as Principality
                             of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein).
 6 Mar 1799 - 25 Mar 1799  French occupation.
25 Jul 1806 -  7 Dec 1813  Member of the Confederation of the Rhine.
 8
Jun 1815 - 24 Aug 1866  Member of the German Confederation.
 1 Aug 1842                Eventual cognatic succession introduced.
30 Mar 1938                Franz Josef II chooses to reside in Vaduz,
                             subsequently becomes the first prince resident
                             in Liechtenstein.
24 Mar 1939                Planned 'invasion' by Nazi SA from Germany is 
                            
prevented by Vorarlberg state intervention; coup
                             attempt led by
Theodor Schädler (b. 1896 - d.
                             1975)
of VDBL consequently fails.
21 Jun 1945               
Liechtenstein family possessions in Czechoslovakia
                            
confiscated as German property (effected on
                             23 Jun 1945).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Counts of Werdenberg (called of Sargans) and (from 1390/95) Lords of Vaduz (in Vaduz)
(title Graf von Werdenberg, genannt von Sargans, [1390/5] Herr ze Vadutz)
 3 May 1342 - 27 Aug 1354  Hartmann (
Hartman) I               (b. 1305? - d. 1354) 
27 Aug 1354 -  6 Sep 1416  Hartmann (
Hartman) II              (b. 1343? - d. 1416)
                           - jointly with following two -
27 Aug 1354 -  1 Nov 1367  Rudolf                             (b. 1344? - d. 1367)
27 Aug 1354 - 26 Jan 1397  Heinrich (
Hainrich)                (b. 1345? - d. 1397)
27 Aug 1354 - 1363         Rudolf IV Graf von Werdenberg      (b. c.1310 - d. 1363)
                             und Sargans -Regent
1396 -  6 Sep 1416         Wolfhart (
Wolffhart) von Brandis   (b. 134. - d. 1418)
                            
"der Ältere" (acting)
1396 - 1408                Ulrich Türing von Brandis (acting) (b. 135. - d. 1408)
Lords of Brandis (in Vaduz)
(title Freiherr von Brandis)
 6 Sep 1416 - 1418         Wolfhart (
Wolffhart) I             (s.a.)
1418 - 1459                W
olfhart (Wolffhart) II            (b. 138. - d. 1459?)
                             "der Ältere"
1459 -  9 Oct 1477         W
olfhart (Wolffhart) III           (b. 140. - d. 1477)
                           - jointly with following two -
1459 - 1492                Sigmund I "der Ältere"             (b. 142. - d. 1492?)
1459 - 20 Aug 1486         Ulrich                             (b. 143. - d. 1486)
20 Aug 1486 - 12 Feb 1499  Ludwig (1st time)                  (b. 144. - d. 1507)
                           - jointly with following two -
20 Aug 1486 - 12 Feb 1499  Sigmund II "der Jüngere" (1st time)(b. 145. - d. 1507)
20 Aug 1486 - 12 Feb 1499  Johann (
Johanns) (1st time)        (b. 1456 - d. 1512)
12 Feb 1499 - 13 Dec 1499  annexed by Swiss Confederation                 
13 Dec 1499 - Jun? 1506    Ludwig (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
                           - jointly with following two -
13 Dec 1499 - 18 Nov 1507  Sigmund II
"der Jüngere" (2nd time)(s.a.)
13 Dec 1499 - 14 Jul 1510  Johann (Johanns) (2nd time)        (s.a.)
Counts of Sulz, Landgraves in Klettgau (in Vaduz)
(title Graf zu Sulz, Landgraf im Klettgau)
18 Nov 1507 -  5 Oct 1535  Rudolf (
Rudolff) I                 (b. c.1478 - d. 1535)
 5 Oct 1535 - Dec? 1544    Johann Ludwig                      (b. 150. - d. 1544)
Dec? 1544 - 1560           Wilhelm                            (b. c.1524 - d. 1565)
                           - jointly with following two -
Dec? 1544 - 1552           Rudolff (Rudolf) II                (b. 1525? - d. 1552)
Dec? 1544 -  4 Jan 1572    Alwig (
Albigk)                     (b. 1527? - d. 1572)
 4 Jan 1572 - 1583         Rudolf (
Rudolff) III               (b. 1559 - d. 1620)
                           - jointly with following -
 4 Jan 1572 - 15 Apr 1613  Karl (Carol) Ludwig                (b. 1560 - d. 1616)
 4 Jan 1572 - 14 Nov 1572  Barbara G
räfin von                 (b. 1534 - d. 1573)
                             Helfenstein (f) -Regent 
14 Nov 1572 - 1580         Regents
                           - Georg Graf von Helfenstein       (b. 1518 - d. 1573)
                             (to 17 Nov 1573)
                           - Heinrich Graf zu
Fürstenberg     (b. 1536 - d. 1596)
Counts of
Hohenems (Hochenembs), Gallara and Vaduz² (in Vaduz)
15 Apr 1613 - 10 Sep 1640  Kaspar Graf zu Hohenembs (Hohenems)(b. 1573 - d. 1640)
10 Sep 1640 - 10 Apr 1646  Jakob (Jacob) Hannibal II          (b. 1595 - d. 1646)
10 Apr 1646 - 1655         Karl Friedrich                     (b. 1622 - d. 1675)
                           - jointly with following -
10 Apr 1646 - 19 Sep 1662  Franz Wilhelm I                    (b. 1628 - d. 1662)
19 Sep 1662 - 18 Feb 1686  Ferdinand Karl                     (b. 1650 - d. 1686)
19 Sep 1662 -
20 Oct 1675  Regents
                           - Eleonora Katharina Gräfin zu     (b. 1630 - d. 1670)
                              Fürstenberg (f)(to 18 Feb 1670)
                           - Karl Friedrich Graf zu
Hohenembs (b. 1622 - d. 1675)
Imperial Commissioner
27 Mar 1684 - 18 Feb 1686  R
upert Fürst und Abt zu Kempten    (b. 1646 - d. 1728)  
                             (= Rupert von Bodman) (1st time)
Count of Hohenems (Hochenembs), Gallara and Vaduz (in Vaduz)
18 Feb 1686 -  9 Jun 1712  Jakob (Jacob) Hannibal III         (b. 1653 - d. 1730)
Imperial Commissioner
Feb 1693 -  9 Jun 1712     Rupert,
Fürst und Abt zu Kempten   (s.a.)
                            
(2nd time)
Princes²
16 Mar 1699 - 16 Jun 1712  Johann Adam Andreas                (b. 1662 - d. 1712)

16 Jun 1712 -  5 Sep 1718  Joseph Wenzel                      (b. 1696 - d. 1772)
16 Jun 1712 - Jan 1718     Regents
                           - Walter Fürst von Dietrichstein   (b. 1664 - d. 1738) 
                           - Maximilian Ulrich Graf von       (b. 1679 - d. 1746)
                             
Kaunitz und Rittberg
 5 Sep 1718 - 23 Jan 1719  Anton Florian                      (b. 1656 - d. 1721)

Sovereign Princes²
23 Jan 1719 - 11 Oct 1721  Anton Florian                      (s.a.)
11 Oct 1721 - 17 Dec 1732  Joseph Johann Adam                 (b. 1690 - d. 1732)
17 Dec 1732 - 22 Dec 1748  Johann Nepomuk Karl                (b. 1724 - d. 1748)
17 Dec 1732 -  8 Jul 1745  Joseph Wenzel -Regent              (s.a.)
22 Dec 1748 - 10 Feb 1772  Joseph Wenzel                      (s.a.)
10 Feb 1772 - 18 Aug 1781  Franz Joseph I                     (b. 1726 - d. 1781)
18 Aug 1781 - 24 Mar 1805  Aloys I (Alois I)                  (b. 1759 - d. 1805)
24 Mar 1805 -  1 Aug 1806  Johann I (1st time)                (b. 1760 - d. 1836)
 1 Aug 1806 -  7 Dec 1813  Karl                               (b. 1803 - d. 1871)
 1 Aug 1806 -  7 Dec 1813  Johann I -Regent                   (s.a.)
 7 Dec 1813 - 20 Apr 1836  Johann I (2nd time)                (s.a.)

20 Apr 1836 - 12 Nov 1858  Alois II                           (b. 1796 - d. 1858)
12 Nov 1858 - 11 Feb 1929  Johann II                          (b. 1840 - d. 1929)
10 Feb 1859 -  9 Nov 1860  Franziska de Paula (f) -Regent     (b. 1813 - d. 1881)
11 Feb 1929 - 25 Jul 1938  Franz                              (b. 1853 - d. 1938)

30 Mar 1938 - 25 Jul 1938  Franz Joseph -Regent               (b. 1906 - d. 1989)
25 Jul 1938 - 13 Nov 1989  Franz Joseph II                    (s.a.)
26 Aug 1984 - 13 Nov 1989  Hans-Adam -Regent                  (b. 1945)
13 Nov 1989 -              Hans-Adam II (Johannes Adam II)    (s.a.)
15 Aug 2004 -              Alois -Regent                      (b. 1968)


Landvögte von Vaduz (Land Bailiffs)                   
1509 - 1513                Martin Steinhuser (Steinhauser)
1513 - 1515                Georg Kräler
1515 - bf.1521             Hans von Pfin
bf.1522 - af.1534          Kaspar Mammendorfer (Mannendorfer)   
bf.1544 - 155.             Franz Landtmann 
bf.1552 - 158.             Juvenal Kreder                     (b. 151. - d. 158.)
158. - 1592                Philibert Rignoldt von Prosswalden (b. c.1550 - d. 1616)
1592 - 1597                Peter Christoph Schlabatius        (b. 1565? - d. 1619)

                             (Schlabaz)
1597 - 1613                Sigmund Rainolt                    (b. c.1545 - d. 1620)
1613 - 1619                Johann Othmar Haslach              (b. c.1575 - d. 162.)
1619 - 1626                Johann Emmerich Rignoldt (Ringolt) (b. 15.. - d. af.1637)
                             von Prosswalden
1626 - 1646                Zacharias Furtenbach von           (b. c.1587 - d. af.1664)
                             Schregenberg
1647 -  3 Oct 1654         Hans Jakob Sandholzer von          (b. c.1600 - d.1654)
                             Zunderberg (Sonderberg)
1654 - 1657                Jakob Friedrich Pappus von         (b. c.1604 - d. 16..)
                             Tratzberg
1658 - 1662                Johann Jakob Harder                (b. c.1620 - d. 16..)
1662 - 1676                Christoph Köberle (1st time)       (b. 1629 - d. 1692)
1677 - 1679                Johann Matthias Christoph Bildstein(b. 1651 - d. 1714)

                            
(Bildtstein)
1679                       Christoph Köberle (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)
1679 - 1679                Johann Romarich Brügler von        (b. c.1640 - d. 1696?)
                             Herkulesberg
1680 - 1683                Andreas Joseph Walser              (b. 1635 - d. 1684)
1683 - 10 Jan 1692         Christoph Köberle (3rd time)       (s.a.)
1692 -  5 Mar 1694         Leonhard Frey von Schönstein       (b. c.1628 - d. 1694)
1695 - 1697                Bernhard (Franz) Abegg    
1697 - 1699                Johann Franz Ziegler               (b. c.1657 - d. 17..)
1699 - 1706                Johann Rudolf Gasser von           (b. 1647 - d. 1714?)
                             Strassberg
1706 -  9 Jun 1712         Josef Anton Rohrer                 (b. 1662 - d.1721)
Fürstlicher Landvogt von Schellenberg 
16 Mar 1699 -  9 Apr 1712  Johann Franz Paur (Bauer)          (b. 1653? - d. 1715)
Fürstliche Landvögte von
Liechtenstein (Princely Land Bailiffs)
 
9 Apr 1712 - 1715         Johann Franz Paur (Bauer)          (s.a.)
1715 - 1719                Joseph Grentzing von Strassberg    (b. 1666? - d. 1729)
1719 - 1720                Johann Adam Brändl (acting)
1720 - 20 Apr 1727         Johann Christoph von Bentz
        (b. 1673 - d. 1750)
                             (1st time)
20 Apr 1727 - 28 May 1730  Johann Erwin von Keil
28 May 1730 -  1 Oct 1730  Anton Bauer (1st time)(acting)     (b. 169. - d. 17..)
 1 Oct 1730 - 12 Mar 1734  Franz Anton Keller
                 (b. 1669? - d. 17..)
12 Mar 1734 - 30 Apr 1734  Anton Bauer (2nd time)(acting)     (s.a.)
30 Apr 1734 - 11 Aug 1735  Johann Christoph von Bentz
        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting)
11 Aug 1735 - 1747         Anton Bauer (3rd time)(acting)     (s.a.)
1747 - 1751                Johann Kaspar Laaba                (b. 1722? - d. 17..)
1751 - 1770                Franz Karl von Grillot
1770 - 1771                P. Gabriel Rheinhard (Reinhard)    (b. 1711 - d. 1773)
                             (acting)
1771 -  8 Jun 1775        
Ferdinand Anton Funkner von        (b. 172. - d. 1775)
                             Funkenberg
 8 Jun 1775 - 31 Aug 1775  Michel Franz Joseph Ambrosi        (b. 172. - d. 1785)
                             (acting)
 
1 Sep 1775 - 20 Jan 1789  Franz Michael Heinrich Gilm von    (b. 1737? - d. 1814)
                             Rosenegg 

20 Jan 1789 - Nov 1808     Franz Xaver Menzinger              (b. 1740 - d. 1809)

Nov 1808 - 31 Jan 1827     Joseph Schuppler                   (b. 1776 - d. 1833)
 
1 Feb 1827 -  7 Sep 1833  Peter Pokorny                      (b. 1795 - d. 1866)
 
7 Sep 1833 - 12 Apr 1848  Johann Michael Menzinger           (b. 1792 - d. 1877)
Princely Land Administrators (Fürstliche Landesverweser)
12 Apr 1848 -  3 Apr 1861  Johann Michael Menzinger           (s.a.)
 
4 Apr 1861 - 24 Sep 1884  Karl Freiherr Haus von Hausen      (b. 1823 - d. 1889)  Non-party
24 Sep 1884 - 12 Sep 1892  Karl von In der Maur auf           (b. 1852 - d. 1913)  Non-party
                            
Strehlburg (1st time)
12 Sep 1892 - 24 Oct 1896  Friedrich Stellwag von Carion      (b. 1852 - d. 1896)
  Non-party
30 Oct 1896 - 11 Dec 1913  Karl von In der Maur auf           (s.a.)               Non-party
                             Strehlburg (2nd time)
11 Dec 1913 - 31 Mar 1914  Joseph Ospelt (acting)             (b. 1881 - d. 1962)
  Non-party
 
1 Apr 1914 -  7 Nov 1918  Leopold Freiherr von Imhof         (b. 1869 - d. 1922)  Non-party
President of the Executive Committee
 7 Nov 1918 - 13 Dec 1918  Martin Ritter                      (b. 1872 - d. 1947)  Non-party
Princely Land Administrators (Fürstliche Landesverweser)
13 Dec 1918 - 28 Sep 1920  Karl Alois von und zu Liechtenstein(b. 1878 - d. 1955)  Non-party
28 Sep 1920 -  4 Apr 1921  Joseph Peer                        (b. 1864 - d. 1925)  Non-party
23 Mar 1921 -  5 Oct 1921  Joseph Ospelt                      (s.a.)               FBP
                            
(acting [for Peer to 4 Apr 1921] to 14 Apr 1921)
Chiefs of Government
(Fürstliche Regierungschefs)
 
5 Oct 1921 - 11 May 1922  Joseph Ospelt                      (s.a.)               FBP
10 Mar 1922 - 16 Jun 1922  Alphons Feger                      (b. 1856 - d. 1933)  Non-party
                            
(acting [for Ospelt to 11 May 1922])
May 1922 - 16 Jun 1922     Felix Gubelmann                    (b. 1880 - d. 1929)  FBP

                             (acting [for Feger to 16 Jun 1922]) 
16 Jun 1922 - 27 Jun 1928  Gustav Schädler                    (b. 1883 - d. 1961)  CSV

27 Jun 1928 -  5 Aug 1928  Alfred von und zu Liechtenstein    (b. 1875 - d. 1930)  Non-party
                            
(provisional)
 5 Aug 1928 -  3 Sep 1945  Josef Hoop                         (b. 1895 - d. 1959)  FBP

 3 Sep 1945 - 16 Jul 1962  Alexander Frick                    (b. 1910 - d. 1991)  FBP
16 Jul 1962 - 18 Mar 1970  Gerard Batliner                    (b. 1928 - d. 2008)  FBP
18 Mar 1970 - 27 Mar 1974  Alfred Hilbe                       (b. 1928 - d. 2011)  VU
27 Mar 1974 - 26 Apr 1978  Walter Kieber                      (b. 1931 - d. 2014)  FBP
26 Apr 1978 - 26 May 1993  Hans Brunhart                      (b. 1945)            VU
26 May 1993 - 15 Dec 1993  Markus Büchel                      (b. 1959 - d. 2013)  FBP
15 Dec 1993 -  5 Apr 2001  Mario Frick                        (b. 1965)            VU
 5 Apr 2001 - 25 Mar 2009  Otmar Hasler                       (b. 1953)            FBP
25 Mar 2009 - 27 Mar 2013  Klaus Tschütscher                  (b. 1967)            VU
27 Mar 2013 -              Adrian Hasler                      (b. 1964)            FBP


 ¹Date on which the territorial Principality of Liechtenstein received imperial recognition. The title Prince of Liechtenstein (derived not from the territory but from Liechtenstein Castle near Vienna) was granted earlier, but only as a personal distinction. It is from one of those earlier princes, Johann Adam I Andreas (s.a.), that the current prince derives his "II." The rulers of the Liechtenstein family lived mainly in Lower Austria and Moravia until moving permanently to Liechtenstein only in 1938.

 ²Full style of the rulers:
(a) 15 Apr 1613 - 9 Jun 1712 (Counts of Hohenems): Graff zu Hochenembs, Gallara und Vaduz, Herr zu Schellenberg, Dorenbüren und Lustnaw ("Count of Hohenems, Gallara and Vaduz, Lord of Schellenberg, Dorenbüren and Lustnaw");
(b) 16 Mar 1699 - 16 Jun 1712:
Fürst und Regierer des Hauses von und zu Liechtenstein und von Nicolspurg, Hertzog zu Troppau und Jägerndorff in Schlesien, Graff zu Rittberg ("Prince and Governor of the House of and at Liechtenstein and of Nikolsburg, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf in Silesia, Count of Rietberg");
(b) 16 Jun 1712 -  5 Sep 1718: Fürst von und zu Liechtenstein und von Nicolspurg, Hertzog zu Troppau und Jägerndorff in Schlesien, Graff zu Rittberg ("Prince of and at Liechtenstein and of Nikolsburg, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf in Silesia, Count of Rittberg");
(c) 5 Sep 1718 -  1 Aug 1806: Fürst und Regierer des Hauses von und zu Liechtenstein und von Nicolspurg, Hertzog zu Troppau und Jägerndorff in Schlesien, Graff zu Rittberg ("Prince and Governor of the House of and at Liechtenstein and of Nikolsburg, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf in Silesia, Count of Rietberg");
(d) 1 Aug 1806 -  5 Oct 1862: Souveräner Fürst und Regierer des Hauses von und zu Liechtenstein und von Nikolsburg, Herzog zu Troppau und Jägerndorf in Schlesien, Graf zu Rittberg ("Sovereign Prince and Governor of the House of and at Liechtenstein and of Nikolsburg, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg");
(e) 5 Oct 1862 - 5 Oct 1921: Souveräner Fürst und Regierer des Hauses von und zu Liechtenstein, Herzog zu Troppau und Jägerndorf, Graf zu Rietberg ("Sovereign Prince and Governor of the House of and at Liechtenstein, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg");
(f) 5 Oct 1921 - 6 Dec 1993: Souveräner Fürst von und zu Liechtenstein ("Sovereign Prince of and in Liechtenstein);
(g) from 6 Dec 1993: Fürst von und zu Liechtenstein, Herzog von Troppau und Jägerndorf, Graf zu Rietberg, Regierer des Hauses von und zu Liechtenstein ("Prince of Liechtenstein, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg, Governor of the House of and at Liechtenstein").

Territorial Dispute: None; in Feb. 2005, the ICJ refused to rule on the restitution of the prince of Liechtenstein's land and property assets in the Czech Republic confiscated in 1945 as German property.

Party abbreviations: FBP = Fortschrittliche Bürgerpartei in Liechtenstein (Progressive Citizens' Party in Liechtenstein, centrist, christian-democratic, est.22 Dec 1918); VU = Vaterländische Union (Fatherland Union, christian democratic, est.5 Jan 1936);
- Former parties: CSV = Christlich-soziale Volkspartei (Christian Social People's Party, conservative, 1918-5 Jan 1936, merged into VU); VDBL = Volksdeutsche Bewegung in Liechtenstein (German National Movement in Liechtenstein, national socialist, supported union with Germany, Mar 1938-1945)







 © Ben Cahoon