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2014 2013

New Leaders
Recent Additions
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New Flags, Constitutions, Anthems and Currencies
International Org.
Membership Updates

Elections Calendar

(abbreviations: Admin. = Administrator, Gov. = Governor, PM = Prime minister, Pres. = President, Secy.-gen. = Secretary-general)

New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders

12/12/17      updates to U.S. city: San Francisco (Mayor), U.S. govt.: GSA (Admin.)
12/11/17      update to Poland (PM).
12/06/17      update to U.S. govt.: DHS (Secy.)
12/05/17      update to U.S. city election: Atlanta, GA (runoff): Keisha Lance Bottoms (f)
                (Dem.) defeats Mary Norwood (f)(Ind.), 50.4% to 49.6%.
12/04/17      updates to U.S. cities: Annapolis, MD and Charlotte, NC (Mayor), U.S. govt.:
                ABMC (Chair.), Slovakia reg.: Banskobystrický, Bratislavský, Košický, Trnavský,
                     Žilinský (Gov.)
12/01/17      updates to U.S. city: Albuquerque, NM (Mayor), Slovakia reg.: Prešovský (Gov.)
11/30/17      update to Iceland (PM).
11/28/17      update to U.S cities: Birmingham, AL, Seattle, WA (Mayor).
11/27/17      update to U.S. govt.: Treasury Dept. OCC (Comptroller).
11/24/17      updates to Kyrgyzstan (Pres.), Sint Maarten (PM), Zimbabwe (Pres.), Ukraine:
                Lugansk Republic (Pres.)
11/21/17      updates to Zimbabwe (Pres.), Canada prov.: Nunavut (PM).
11/20/17      update to U.S. govt.: Army (Secy.),
11/18/17      updates to Italy reg.: Sicily (Pres.), U.S. city election: New Orleans, LA:
                LaToya Cantrell (f)(Dem.) defeats Desirée Charbonnet (f)(Dem.), 60.4%-39.6%
11/17/17      update to Aruba (PM).
11/16/17      updates to U.S. govt.: Interior Dept. BLM (Dir.), Reclamation (Comm.)
11/15/17      updates to Solomon Islands (PM), U.S. city: Miami FL (Mayor), UNESCO (Dir.-gen.)
11/14/17      update to U.S. city election: Albuquerque, NM (runoff): Timothy M. Keller (Dem.)
                defeats Dan Lewis (Rep.), 62.2%-37.8%.
11/13/17      update to U.S. govt.: Treasury Dept. IRS (Comm.)
11/07/17      updates to Venezuela terr.: Distrito Capital (Libertador mayor); U.S. election
                results: parties - Dem. = Democrat, Rep. = Republican, Cons. = Conservative
                Party, Grn. = Green Party, Inp. = Independence Party, Ind. = Independent,
                Libt. = Libertarian., Soc. = Socialist, WFP = Working Families Party;
              Governor elections:
              - New Jersey: Phil Murphy (Dem.) defeats Lt. Gov. Kim Guadagno (f)(Rep.), Gina
                Genovese (f)(Ind.), Peter Rohrman (Libt.), and Seth Kaper (Grn.), 55.6%-42.3%
              - Virginia: Lt. Gov. Ralph Northam (Dem.) defeats Ed Gillespie (Rep.) and Cliff
                Hyra (Libt.), 53.9%-45%-1.2%;
              U.S. Mayor elections:
              - Albany, NY: Mayor Katherine Sheehan (f)(Dem./WFP) defeats Frank Commisso
                (Inp.), Joseph Sullivan (Con.), and Bryan Jimenez (Grn.), 70.9%-22%-4.3%-2.3%;
              - Annapolis, MD: Gavin Buckley (Dem.) defeats Mayor Michael Pantelides (Rep.),
              - Atlanta, GA:
Keisha Lance Bottoms (f)(Dem.) leads Mary Norwood (f)(Ind.), Cathy
                Woolard (f)(Dem.), Peter Aman (Dem.), Vincent Fort (Dem.), Ceasar Mitchell (Dem.),
                Kwanza Hall (Dem.), and John Eaves (Dem), 26%-21%-17%-11%-10%-9%-4%-1% (a runoff
                between Bottoms and Norwood held on 5 Dec 2017);
              - Billings, MT: Bill Cole (Ind.) defeats Jeff Essmann (Rep.), 63.3%-35.9%;
              - Boston, MA: Mayor Martin Walsh (Dem.) defeats Tito Jackson (Dem.), 65.3%-33.9%;
              - Buffalo, NY: Mayor Byron W. Brown (Dem./WFP) defeats
Mark Schroeder (Ref.)
                Anita Howard (f)(Con.), and Terrence Robinson (Grn.), 67.6%-26.4%-3%-2.9%;
              - Charlotte, NC:
Vi Lyles (f)(Dem.) defeats Kenny Smith (Rep.), 59.1%-40.7%;
              - Cincinnati, OH: Mayor John Cranley (Dem.) defeats Yvette Simpson (f)(Dem.),
              - Cleveland, OH: Mayor Frank Jackson (Dem.) defeats Zack Reed (Dem.), 59.5%-40.5%;
              - Detroit, MI: Mayor Michael Duggan (Dem.) defeats Coleman A. Young II (Dem.),
              - Jersey City, NJ: Mayor Steven Fulop (Dem.) defeats Bill Matsikoudis (Dem.),
              - Lansing, MI: Andy Schor (Dem.) defeats Judi Brown Clark (f)(Dem.), 72.1%-27.9%;
              - Manchester, NH: Joyce Craig (f)(Dem.) defeats
Mayor Ted Gatsas (Rep.), 58.8%-41%;
              - Miami, FL:
Francis X. Suarez (Rep.) defeats Williams Armbrister Sr. (Dem.),
                Cynthia Mason Jaquith (f)(Socialist Workers), and Christian Canache (Ind.),
              - Minneapolis, MN:
Jacob Frey (Dem./DFL) leads Tom Hoch (Dem./DFL), Mayor Betsy
                Hodges (f)(Dem./DFL), Raymond Dehn (DFL), Nekima Levy-Pounds (f)(DFL), Charlie
                Gers (Libt.), Aswar Rahman (DFL), and Al Flowers (DFL), in first-preference
                vote 24.9%-19.3%-18.1%-17.3%-15.1%-1.2%-0.7%-0.7%, after the reallocation of
                ranked votes Frey defeats Dehn, 57.2%-42.8%;
              - New York City, NY: Mayor Bill de Blasio (Dem./
WFP) defeats Nicole Malliotakis (f)
                (Rep./Con), Sal Albanese (Ref.), Akeem Browder (Grn.), Michael Tolkin (Ind.),
                Bo Dietl (Ind.), and Aaron Commey (Libt.), 66.2%-27.7%-2.1%-1.4%-0.98%-0.97%-0.2%;
                New York City Borough Presidents:
                - Bronx: President Ruben Diaz (Dem.
/WFP) defeats Steven DeMartis (Rep.),
                  Antonio Vitiello (Con.), and Camella Price (f)(Ref.), 88.1%-6.6%-2.6%-2.5%;
                - Brooklyn: President Eric Adams (
Dem./WFP) defeats Vito Bruno (Rep./Con.),
                  and Benjamin Kissel (Ref.), 82.8%-15.2%-1.8%;
                - Manhattan: President Gale Brewer (f)(
Dem./WFP) defeats Frank Scala (Rep.),
                  Daniel Vila Rivera (Grn.), Brian Waddell (Ref./Libt.), 83.2%-11.9%-2.9%-1.8%;
                - Queens: President Melinda Katz (f)(Dem./
WFP) defeats William Kregler
                  (Rep./Con.), and Everly Brown (Homeowners NYCHA), 78.8%-21.2%-0.8%;
                - Staten Island: President James Oddo (Rep./Con./Inp./Ref.) defeats Thomas
                  Shcherbenko (Dem./WFP), and Henry Bardel (Grn.), 74.8%-24.2%-0.8%;
              - Pittsburgh, PA: Mayor William Peduto (Dem.) is re-elected unopposed with 95.9%;
              - Raleigh, NC: Mayor Nancy McFarlane (f)(Rep.) defeats Charles Frances (Dem.),
              - Rochester, NY: Mayor Lovely Warren (f)(Dem.) defeats
Tony Micchiche (Rep.),
                James Sheppard (WFP), Alex White (Grn.), and Lori Thomas (f)(Ind.), 60.4%-18.7%-
              - Saint Paul, MN: Melvin Carter III (Dem./DFL) defeats Pat Harris (DFL),
Dai Thao
                (DFL), Elizabeth Dickinson (f)(Grn.), Tom Goldstein (DFL), Chris Holbrook
                (Libt.), Sharon Anderson (f)(Rep.), Tim Holden (Ind.), and Trahern Crews
                (Grn.), 50.9%-24.8%-12.3%-4.8%-3.8%-1.4%-0.8%-0.7%-0.3%;
              - Seattle, WA: Jenny Durkan (f)(Dem.) defeats Cary Moon (f)(Dem.), 57.5%-42.5%;
              - Syracuse, NY:
Ben Walsh (Inp./Ref.) defeats Juanita Perez Williams (f)(Dem.),
                Howie Hawkins (Grn.), Laura Lavine (f) (Rep.), and Joe Nicoletti (WFP),
              - Toledo, OH: Wade Kapszukiewicz (Dem.) defeats
Mayor Paula Hicks-Hudson (f)
                (Dem.), 55.6%-44.4%;
              - Topeka, KS: Michelle De La Isla (f)(Dem.) defeats Spencer Duncan (Rep.),
11/03/17      update to Venezuela terr.:  Francisco de Miranda (Chief).
11/01/17      update to Iraq reg.: Kurdistan (Pres.)
10/31/17      updates to Argentina prov.: Chubut (Gov.), Australia state: Northern Terr. (Admin)
10/30/17      update to China prov.: Liaoning (Gov.)
10/29/17      updates to China prov.: Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shanghai (Pty. Secy.)
10/28/17      updates to China prov.: Fujian, Guangdong, Hebei, Liaoning (Pty. Secy.); Spain
                region: Catalonia (Pres.); Parlacen (Pres.)
10/27/17      update to Venezuela state: Zulia (Gov.)
10/26/17      updates to New Zealand (PM), Venezuela states: Anzoátegui, Mérida, Táchira (Gov.).
10/25/17      updates to Cocos Islands (Shire Pres.), Venezuela state: Nueva Esparta (Gov.),
                 U.S. govt.: NOAA (Admin.)
10/20/17      updates to Canada prov.: Prince Edward Is. (Gov.), France reg.: Grand-Est
                (Pres.), New Zealand: Ross Dependency (Sr. Officer), Venezuela states: Amazonas,
                Bolívar, Falcón, Lara, and Portuguesa (Gov.)
10/19/17      updates to France reg.: Pays de Loire (Pres.), Venezuela states: Aragua, Carabobo,
                Guárico, and Miranda (Gov.)
10/16/17      update to Indonesia prov.: Jakarta (Gov.)
10/12/17      update to Russia reg.: Pskov (Gov.)
10/10/17      updates to India state: Assam (Gov.), Russia reg.: Ivanov (Gov.); U.S. city
                election: Raleigh, NC: Mayor Nancy McFarlane (f)(Ind.) wins 48.5%, Charles
                Francis (Dem.) wins 36.7% and Paul Fitts (Rep.) 14.7% (runoff to take
                place 7 Nov 2017); U.S. govt.: HHS (Secy.)
10/09/17      updates to Russia reg.: Omsk (Gov.), Congo (DRC): prov.: Sud-Ubangi, Tshopo
10/08/17      updates to India terr.: Andaman & Nicobar Is. (Lt. gov.), U.S. govt.: USCIS
10/06/17      updates to India state: Tamil Nadu (Gov.), Russia reg.: Novosibirsk (Gov.),
                     CE (PACE Pres.)
10/05/17      updates to India state: Meghalaya (Gov.), Russia reg.: Oryol (Gov.), Congo
                (DRC): prov.: Kwilu (Gov.), Christmas & Cocos Islands (Admin.)
10/04/17      updates to Mongolia (PM), Brazil state: Amazonas (Gov.), Russia reg.:
                Primorskiy (Gov.), India state: Bihar (Gov.)
10/03/17      updates to India state: Arunachal-Pradesh (Gov.), Russia rep.: Dagestan
                (Pres.); U.S. city elections: Albuquerque, NM: Timothy M. Keller (Dem.)
                wins 39.4% of the vote, Dan Lewis (Rep.) 22.9%, Brian S. Colón (Dem.)
                16.4%, Wayne Johnson (Rep.) 9.6% and Gus Pedrotty (Ind.) 6.9% (runoff to
                take place 14 Nov 2017); Birmingham, AL (runoff): Randall L. Woodfin (Dem.)
                defeats Mayor William Bell (Dem.), 58.9%-41.1%.
10/02/17      updates to Canada (Gov.-gen.), U.S. gov.: DEA (Admin.)
10/01/17      updates to San Marino (Capt.-reg.), France reg.: Pays de Loire (Pres.),
09/30/17      update to France reg.: Grand Est (Pres.)
09/29/17      updates to Russia reg.: Krasnoyarsk (Gov.), U.S. govt.: HHS (Secy.)
09/28/17      updates to Angola prov.: Cabinda (Gov.), Russia reg.: Nenets (Gov.)
09/27/17      update to Japan pref.: Ibaraki (Gov.)
09/26/17      updates to Angola (Pres.), Russia reg.: Nizhny-Novogord (Gov.)
09/25/17      updates to Azerbaijan: Nagorno-Karabakh (PM), Russia reg.: Samara (Gov.)
09/19/17      updates to Mexico state: Nayarit (Gov.), U.S. govt.: Justice Dept.
09/18/17      updates to Canada prov.: Northwest Terr. (Comm.), U.S. city: Seattle
                (Mayor), U.S. govt.: Justice Dept. Bureau of Prisons (Dir.)
09/17/17      update to Peru (PM).
09/16/17      updates to Mexico state: México, Somalia state: HirShabelle (Pres.)
09/15/17      update to Timor-Leste (PM).
09/14/17      update to Singapore (Pres.)
09/13/17      update to U.S. city: Seattle (Mayor).
09/12/17      updates to Falkland Islands (Gov.), UN (Pres. Gen. Asmb.)
09/11/17      update to Malaysia state: Kedah (Sultan).
09/09/17      updates to Kosovo (PM), Congo (DRC): prov.: Tshopo (Gov.)
09/08/17      updates to Taiwan (ROC)(PM), Taiwan city: Tainan (Mayor).
09/06/17      updates to China prov.: Guizhou (Gov.), U.S. govt.: NOAA Corps. (Dir.)
09/04/17      update to Guadeloupe (Pref.)
09/03/17      update to U.S. govt.: BIA (Asst. Secy.)
09/01/17      updates to Singapore (Pres.), St. Kitts and Nevis: Nevis (Depty. Gov.-gen.),
                ATS (Secy.-gen.), IHO (Secy.-gen.), U.S. govt.: Forest Serv. (Dir.)
08/30/17      updates to Rwanda (PM), Tokelau (Admin.)
08/29/17      update to Papua New Guinea prov.: Simbu (Gov.)
08/28/17      update to French Guiana (Pref.)
08/26/17      update to Kyrgyzstan (PM).
08/22/17      updates to Kyrgyzstan (PM), British Virgin Islands (Gov.); U.S. mayor
                     elections: Birmingham, AL: Mayor William Bell (Dem.), Randall Woodfin (Dem.),
                     Chris Woods (Ind.) and Frank Matthews (Ind.) win 36.5%-40.8%-18.2%-1.4%
                     (runoff to be held on 3 Oct 2017); Mobile, AL: Mayor Sandy Simpson (Rep.)
                     defeats ex-Mayor Sam Jones (Dem.), 57%-42%.
08/21/17      update to Anguilla (Gov.)
08/16/17      update to Algeria (PM).
08/14/17      update to Somalia state: HirShabelle (Pres.)
08/10/17      update to U.S. govt.: TSA (Admin.)
08/08/17      update to U.S. govt.: MARAD (Admin.)
08/07/17      updates to Tokelau (Admin.), British Virgin Islands (Gov.)
08/03/17      updates to U.S. govt.: Army, Navy (Secy.)
08/02/17      update to U.S. govt.: FBI (Dir.)
07/31/17      updates to U.S. govt.: DHS (Secy.), Chief of Staff.
07/28/17      updates to Pakistan (PM), Belgian reg.: Wallonia (PM).
07/25/17      update to India (Pres.)
07/24/17      updates to Albania (Pres.), Congo (DRC): prov.: Kwilu (Gov.)
07/21/17      update to Samoa (Head of State).
07/19/17      updates to Bermuda (PM), Martinique (Pref.), India state: Nagaland (PM),
                     OSCE (High Com. Nat. Minorities).
07/18/17      updates to Canada prov.: British Columbia (PM), Falkland Islands (Gov.),
                ITSO (Dir.-gen.), OSCE (Secy.-gen.)
07/17/17      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovnia (Pres.), ISO (Secy.-gen.), Andean Parl. (Pres.)
07/15/17      updates to China admin.: Chongqing and Guizhou (Party Secy.)
07/10/17      updates to Mongolia (Pres.), Réunion (Pref.)
07/08/17      update to WCO (Chair.)
07/06/17      update to Vanuatu (Pres.)
07/05/17      update to Indonesia prov.: Aceh (Gov.)
07/04/17      update to German state: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (PM).
07/01/17      updates to Barbados (Gov.-gen.), China: Hong Kong (Chf. Exec.), WHO
                (Dir.-gen.), U.S. city: Jackson, MS (Mayor), Swiss cantons: Basel-Land,
                Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden, and Vaud.
06/30/17      updates to Solomon Islands (RAMSI ends), Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI ends),
                U.S. govt.: Census Bureau (Dir.); OSCE (Secy.-gen.)
06/29/17      updates to Romania (PM), Serbia (PM), SICA (Secy.-gen.)
06/28/17      updates to Canada prov.: Nova Scotia (Lt. gov.), German state: Schleswig-
                Holstein (PM).
06/27/17      updates to German state: Nordrhein-Westfalen (PM), U.S. city: El Paso (Mayor).
06/23/17      update to U.S. govt.: FEMA (Admin.)
06/22/17      update to India state: Bihar (Gov.)
06/21/17      updates to U.S. city: San Antonio (Mayor), Venezuela state: Distrito Capital
06/19/17      updates to U.S. govt.: Treasury (Treas.), FWS (Dir.)
06/17/17      updates to Vanuatu (Pres.), China prov.: Shandong (Pty. Sec.)
06/16/17      update to Lesotho (PM).
06/14/17      updates to Ireland (PM), Greece: Athos (Protos), Venezuela state: Carabobo (Gov.)
06/11/17      update to U.S. govt.: BIA (Asst. Sec.)
06/10/17      updates to Parlatino (Secy.-gen, Pres.); China prov.: Ningxia-Hui (Pty. Sec.),
                U.S. city elections: El Paso, TX (runoff): Dee Margo (Rep.) defeats David
                Saucedo (Rep.), 45.3%-23.9%; San Antonio, TX (runoff): Ron Nirenberg (Dem.)
                defeats Mayor Ivy Taylor (f) (Dem.), 54.6%-45.4%.
06/09/17      updates to Malta: Gozo (Min.), Danube Com. (Pres.)
06/07/17      updates to Nepal (PM), U.S. govt.: USPTO (Dir.)
06/06/17      updates to Swiss canton: Bern, Ecuador: Galapagos (Gov.), Venezuela state:
                Barinas, (Gov.), U.S. city election Jackson, MS: Chokwe Antar Lumumba (Dem.)
                defeats Jason D. Wells (Rep.) and Jaclyn Mask (f)(Ind.), 92.6%-3.6%-2.3%
06/02/17      update to France reg.: Bretagne (Pres.)
06/01/17      updates to Swiss cantons: Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Sankt Gallen, Thurgau.
05/31/17      updates to Macedonia (PM), Serbia (PM & Pres.), South Korea (PM), China
                prov.: Jiangsu (Gov.)
05/30/17      updates to Kazakhstan reg.: Baykonur (Gov.), Swiss canton: Neuchâtel.
05/29/17      update to Curaçao (PM).
05/27/17      update to China city: Beijing (Mayor).
05/26/17      updates to China prov.: Gansu (Pty. Sec.), DRC Congo prov.: Haut-Katanga (Gov.)
05/25/17      update to Algeria (PM).
05/24/17      updates to Ecuador (Pres.), U.S. state: Iowa (Gov.)
05/20/17      update to Timor-Leste (Pres.)
05/19/17      update to U.S. govt.: TVA (Chair.)
05/18/17      update to Congo (Kinshasa)(PM).
05/17/17      update to Faroe Islands (High Comm.)
05/16/17      updates to Georgia: South Ossetia (PM), U.S. govt.: Air Force (Secy.)
05/15/17      updates to France (PM), U.S. govt.: USTR (Rep.), France reg.:
                     Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Pres.)
05/14/17      updates to France (Pres.), Andorra (Rep. Co-Prince).
05/12/17      updates to Indonesia prov.: Bangka-Belitung, Banten, Gorontalo,
                Papua Barat, Sulawesi Barat (Gov.)
05/11/17      updates to The Bahamas (PM), South Korea (PM), Yemen: Aden (Southern Council Pres.),
                U.S. govt.: FDA (Comm.)
05/10/17      update to South Korea (Pres.)
05/09/17      updates to Brazil state: Amazonas (Gov.), Indonesia prov.: Jakarta
                (acting Gov.), U.S. govt.: FBI (Dir.), U.S. city election: Omaha, NE:
                     Mayor Jean Stothert (f)(Rep.) is re-elected over Heath Mello (Dem.),
05/06/17      updates to Syria (Pres. SNC), Melkite Catholic Church (Patr.); U.S. city
                     elections: El Paso, TX: Donald R. Margo (Rep.), David E. Saucedo II
                     (Rep.), Emma Acosta (f)(Dem.), Elisa Morales (f)(Ind.), Willie Cager (Ind.),
                     Jaime Perez (Libt.), and Charlie Stapler (Dem.) win 45.3%-23.9%-15.9%-5.6%-
                     4.2%-2.9%-1.2% (runoff held 10 Jun 2017); Fort Worth, TX: Mayor Betsy
                     Price (f) (Rep.) is re-elected over Chris Nettles (Dem.) 70.2%-29.7%;
                     San Antonio, TX: Mayor Ivy Taylor (Dem.), Ron Nirenberg (Dem.), Juan
                     Manuel Medina (Dem.), Keven Roles (Ind.), and Antonio Diaz (Grn.) win
                     42%-37.1%-15.1%-1.6%-1% (runoff held 10 Jun 2017).
05/05/17      update to U.S. govt.: Treasury Dept. (Comp. of Currency).
05/04/17      updates to Bulgaria (PM), U.S. govt.: SEC (Chair.)
05/03/17      updates to China prov.: Heilongjiang (Pty. Sec.), Somalia reg.: Galmudug
                (Pres.), Spain reg.: Murcia (Pres.)
05/02/17      update to CSTO (Secy.-gen.)
05/01/17      updates to ISO (Secy.-gen.), Swiss cantons: Valais, Zürich.
04/30/17      updates to Knights of Malta (Grand Master) and Swiss canton:
                Appenzell-Innerrhoden, St. Kitts & Nevis: Nevis (Dpty. Gov.-gen.)
04/28/17      updates to China prov.: Hainan (Pty. Sec.) Zhejiang (Gov.), U.S. Govt.:
                Labor Dept. (Secy.)
04/27/17      update to Czech reg.: Jihočeský (Gov.)
04/26/17      update to China prov.: Zhejiang (Pty. Sec.)
04/25/17      updates to U.S. Govt.: Agriculture Dept. (Secy.), Secret Service (Dir.)
04/22/17      update to DRC Congo prov.: Haut-Katanga (Gov.)
04/21/17      updates to Georgia reg.: South Ossetia (Pres.), U.S. govt.: HHS (Surgeon-gen.)
04/20/17      updates to UNDP (Admin.), U.S. govt.: Reclamation (Comm.)
04/19/17      updates to Austria state: Niederösterreich (PM), Peru reg.: Áncash (Pres.)
04/18/17      updates to UNASUR (Pres.), U.S. city: Saint Louis (Mayor).
04/11/17      updates to China prov.: Gansu, Shandong (Gov.)
04/10/17      updates to Mali (PM), U.S. state: Alabama (Gov.)
04/07/17      updates to China prov.: Hainan, Hebei (Gov.)
04/06/17      updates to Austria state: Oberösterreich (PM), Russia rep.: Mari El (Pres.)
04/05/17      updates to Morocco (PM), Swiss canton: Ticino.
04/04/17      updates to Wallis & Futuna (Asmb. Pres.), Russia rep.: Udmurtia (Pres.),
                     WFP (Exec. Dir.), Spain reg.: Murcia (Pres.); U.S. mayor election
                     St. Louis, MO: Lyda Krewson (f)(Dem.) is elected over Andrew Jones Jr.
                     (Rep.), Larry Rice (Ind.), Jonathan McFarland (Green) and Robert Cunningham
                     (Libt.), 67.5%-17.3%-10.5%-2.1%-0.9%
04/03/17      update to Russia rep.: Tatarstan (PM).
04/02/17      update to Saint-Martin (Council Pres.)
04/01/17      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Regt.), Norfolk Island (Admin.), IFAD (Pres.)
03/31/17      updates to Solomon Is. prov.: Temotu (PM), U.S. govt.: USCIS (Dir.)
03/27/17      update to Russia rep.: Karelia (PM).
03/24/17      update to Curaçao (PM).
03/21/17      update to Haiti (PM).
03/19/17      updates to Germany (Pres.), India state: Uttar Pradesh (PM).
03/18/17      update to India state: Uttarakhand (PM).
03/17/17      update to Australia state: Western Australia (PM).
03/16/17      updates to India state: Punjab (PM), U.S. govt.: ODNI (Dir.)
03/15/17      update to India state: Manipur (PM), US govt.: BLM (Dir.)
03/14/17      updates to African Union (Commission Chair.), India state: Goa (PM),
                Kazakhstan prov.: Akmola, Karaganda, Mangistau, Severo-Kazakhstan (Gov.)
03/13/17      update to Jersey (Lt. gov.)
03/10/17      updates to South Korea (Pres.), Congo (DRC) prov.: Tshuapa (Gov.), US Govt.:
                DOJ (Solicitor-gen.)
03/07/17      update to U.S. city election: Los Angeles, CA: Mayor Eric Garcetti (Dem.)
                wins re-election over Mitchell Jack Schwartz (Dem.), David Hernandez (Ind.),
                Diane Harman (f)(Ind.), David Saltsburg (Ind.), Dennis Richter (Socialist
                Workers), Y.J.J. Draiman (Ind.) and Frantz Pierre (Ind.), 81.4%-8.2%-3.2%-
03/06/17      update to Tokelau (Head).
03/04/17      update to U.S. govt.: Secret Service (Dir.)
03/02/17      updates to The Sudan (PM), U.S. govt.: Energy Dept., HUD Dept. (Secy.), USTR
03/01/17      updates to Somalia (PM), U.S. govt.: Interior Dept. (Secy.)
02/28/17      updates to Papua New Guinea (Gov.-gen.), U.S. govt.: Commerce Dept. (Secy.)
02/27/17      updates to Wallis & Futuna (Admin.-Sup.), Czech reg.: Olomoucký (Gov.), PAM
02/26/17      update to Somalia state: Galmudug (Pres.)
02/25/17      update to U.S.: DNC (Chair.)
02/24/17      update to Nigeria state: Ondo (Gov.)
02/22/17      update to India state: Nagaland (PM).
02/18/17      update to Papua New Guinea (Gov.-gen.)
02/17/17      update to U.S. govt.: EPA (Admin.)
02/16/17      update to India state: Tamil Nadu (PM).
02/15/17      updates to Cyrus: British Sovereign Base Areas (Admin.), Russia rep.:
                Karelia (Pres.)
02/14/17      updates to Russia reg.: Ryazan (Gov.), U.S. govt.: Veterans Affairs Dept.
02/13/17      updates to Russia reg.: Novgorod (Gov.), Papua New Guinea prov.: Western
                (Gov.), U.S. govt.: Treasury Dept. (Secy.), NSC (Adv.)
02/11/17      update to 'Hutt River' (Prince).
02/10/17      update to U.S. govt.: HHS Dept. (Secy.)
02/09/17      update to U.S. govt.: Justice Dept. (Attny.-gen.)
02/08/17      updates to Somalia (Pres.), Switzerland canton: Basel-Stadt.
02/07/17      updates to Haiti (Pres.), Russia rep.: Buryatia (Pres.), U.S. govt.:
                Dept. of Education (Secy.)
02/06/17      update to Russia reg.: Perm (Gov.)
02/02/17      updates to Armenia prov.: Ararat (Gov.), Pakistan prov.: Sindh (Gov.)
02/01/17      updates to U.S. govt.: State Dept. (Secy.), Border Patrol (Chief),
                Mexico state: Puebla (Gov.), Sweden county: Kronoberg (Gov.), DLU (Secy-gen)
01/31/17      updates to UNASUR (Secy.-gen.), U.S. govt.: Transportation Dept. (Secy.),
                Venezuela state: Distrito Capital (Chief).
01/30/17      updates to African Union (Chair.), Indonesia prov.: Papua Barat (Gov.), U.S.
                govt.: Justice Dept. (Attny-gen.), DHS (ICE Dir.), Venezuela state: Sucre
01/28/17      updates to Order of Malta (Grand Master, Grand Chancellor), India states:
                Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya (Gov.)
01/27/17      update to Bulgaria (PM).
01/26/17      updates to Austria (Pres.), Trinidad and Tobago: Tobago (Chief Sec.), U.S.
                govt.: Border Patrol (Chief).
01/25/17      updates to U.S. govt.: UN Rep., FTC (Chair.)
01/24/17      update to  U.S. state: South Carolina (Gov.)
01/23/17      updates to Mauritius (PM), Australia state: New South Wales (PM), U.S.
                govt.: CIA (Dir.), FCC (Chair.), NRC (Chair.), SEC (Chair.)
01/22/17      update to Bulgaria (Pres.)
01/21/17      update to The Gambia (Pres.)
01/20/17      updates to United States: Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th President,
                U.S. govt.: Vice Pres., CoS, Defense (Secy.), DHS (Secy.), NSC, Cabinet;
                China city: Shanghai (Mayor)
01/19/17      updates to The Gambia (Pres.), U.S.: RNC (Chair.)
01/17/17      updates to U.S. states: Delaware (Gov.), Indonesia prov.: Papua Barat (Gov.),
                European Parl. (Pres.)
01/16/17      update to U.S. states: West Virginia (Gov.)
01/15/17      update to China prov.: Xizang (Tibet) (Gov.)
01/13/17      updates to Malaysia state: Sarawak (PM), U.S. govt.: Agriculture Dept. (Secy.)
01/12/17      updates to Russia rep.: Adygeya (Pres.), Ukraine prov.: Odesa (Gov.)
01/11/17      updates to Iceland (PM), Malaysia state: Sarawak (PM), Pakistan prov.:
                Sindh (Gov.)
01/10/17      updates to Côte d'Ivoire (PM), Cook Islands (NZ High Com.)
01/09/17      updates to U.K.: Northern Ireland (PM), U.S. states: Indiana, Missouri (Gov.),
                     CPLP (Secy.-gen.)
01/07/17      updates to Ghana (Pres.), U.S. govt.: MARAD (Admin.)
01/05/17      updates to U.S. states: New Hampshire, Vermont (Gov.), U.S. city: Fresno
                (Mayor), Palau state: Ngardmau (Gov.), Venezuela states: Aragua, Barinas
01/04/17      updates to Romania (PM), Venezuela (Exec. VP).
01/03/17      updates to U.S. state: New Hampshire (acting Gov.), U.S. govt.: NPS (Dir.),
                TVA (Chair.)
01/02/17      updates to Puerto Rico (Gov.), Wake Island (Gov.)
01/01/17      updates to Switzerland (Pres.), Swiss cantons: Aargau, Fribourg, Graubünden,
                Jura, Schaffhausen, Solothurn & Zug; Aruba (Gov.), United Nations
                (Secy.-gen.), Mexico states: Sinaloa, Tlaxcala (Gov.); U.S. state:
                North Carolina (Gov.), U.S. cities: Portland, Richmond (Mayor); Palau state:
                Angaur (Gov.), CSTO (Secy.-gen.), G-8 (Chair.), ISA (Secy.-gen.), Mercosur
                (Dir.), EAEU (Chair.), Norden (Pres.), OSCE (Chair.)

 Recent Additions to  

05/22/17      added Tannu Tuva 1941 constitution, Chinese Soviet 1931 constitution,
                     and Czechoslovakia constitutions 1918 & 1960.
05/11/17      added Southern Rhodesia 1961 constitution, South Vietnam 1956 constitution,
                     Yugoslavia 1974 constitution, Hejaz 1926 constitution, Montenegro 1905
                constitution, Indonesia 1950 constitution, Nigeria 1979 constitution,
                and Somalia 1979 constitution.
05/06/17      added Frederiksnagore and expanded Nicobar & Andaman Islands.
09/07/16      added South Vietnam 1967 constitution.
06/14/16      added Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
12/14/15      added Logone to Central African Republic
11/11/15      added Western Kurdistan to Syria.
11/08/15      added State of Muskogee (1799-1803) and Republic of the Floridas (1817)
                under Florida.
03/20/15      added Tucson, AZ to U.S. cities.
02/07/15      added U.S. Lighthouse Service to U.S. government.
12/13/14      added Fuuta Jaloo to Guinea and Timbuktu to Mali native states.
11/15/14      added annual update pages for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
03/07/14      added 5 Districts to French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
10/01/13      added 1936-37 Aragón Council of Defense to Spain Regions.
09/16/13      added Charter Company territories to Mozambique.
04/27/13      additions to China provinces.
04/20/13      added Polish zone of occupation 1945-48 under Germany.
11/01/12      added Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
10/28/12      expanded Vanuatu with 1887-1906 U.K. & French Naval Commissioners.
10/01/12      added France's Hauteville House under Guernsey.
09/26/12      update to Albania: Saseno Island.
07/19/12      added Verapaz Belgian concession 1843-54 under Guatemala.
07/08/12      added 1873 Cantonal Revolution under Spain.
06/20/12      added Carlist governments to Spain.
06/17/12      added Pious Establishments of France in Rome and French Domain in the 
                Holy Land.
01/16/12      added Chatham Islands to New Zealand.
09/01/11      added Goa Dependencies page under Portuguese India.
07/09/11      new South Sudan and South Sudan states pages.
05/01/11      expanded Cameroon traditional states, Tanzania traditional states
                and States of Palau.
03/01/11      update Mayotte becomes a French overseas département.
02/11/11      added new Regions to Myanmar (Burma).
02/05/11      added new Regions to Greece.
01/01/11      added Dutch Language Union (Nederlandse Taalunie)(DLU).
12/28/10      added Lihou to Guernsey.
11/10/10      added Trust Terr. of Pacific Islands district administrators:
                Chuuk, Marshall Is., Mariana Islands, Palau, Ponape, Rota, and Yap.
11/03/10      added Long Beach, California to U.S. Mayors.
10/20/10      added Tadjourah and Rahayto sultanates to Djibouti.
10/15/10      update to Bolivia Departments.
10/10/10      added new separate pages for: Curaçao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius
                and Sint Maarten.
07/31/10      added to British Indian Ocean Territory.
07/27/10      expanded Ghana: English Gold Coast 1632-1751.
07/23/10      expanded Monaco governors-general 1732-1911.
07/13/10      added Rimatara and Rurutu under French Polynesia. 
07/09/10      added Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM).
07/08/10      added International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
06/15/10      added Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
05/30/10      began page for Saipan mayors.
05/05/10      added Council of the Baltic States (CBSS).
04/17/10      new page for Regions of Finland.
03/09/10      added International Seabed Authority (ISA).
02/25/10      added Association of Caribbean States (ACS) and Caribbean Development Bank
02/10/10      added Billings, Montana; Jackson, Mississippi; Lansing, Michigan; Manchester,
                New Hampshire; Orlando, Florida; and Trenton, New Jersey to U.S. Mayors.
09/21/09      expanded Ghana Traditional States.
09/07/09      addition to Bosnia-Hercegovnia: Serbian Autonomous Oblasts 1991-92.
07/25/09      added Cordillera Administrative Region under the Philippines.
06/01/09      added to Croatia: Kraijna constitution 1991-95.
05/25/09      added United National Environmental Programme (UNEP).
05/22/09      expanded Rodrigues under Mauritius.
05/04/09      new page begun for Counties of Liberia (incomplete).
04/22/09      added Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
04/10/09      added Fort Worth, Texas to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/09      new page: Vermont State Government 1777-1791.
03/10/09      new page: Provinces of Belgium
02/27/09      new page: Provinces of South Korea.
02/13/09      added Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) and the Andean Parliament.
12/12/08      added to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Katanga 1960 constitution.
11/15/08      added Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
11/07/08      added Latin Union (LU).
10/27/08      addition to Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority.
10/01/08      additions to Saba (anthem), Crete (anthem), Azad Kashmir (constitution).
09/23/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC)
                and the Comptrollers of the Currency.
09/08/08      added 1907 constitution to Crete under Greece.
09/04/08      additions to U.S. govt.: General Services Admin., National Science Found.
08/22/08      added mayors of Hagatna (Agana), Guam to U.S. mayors.
07/22/08      added the Tangier Zone Statute under Morocco and constitutions
                of South Yemen and Zaire.
07/10/08      expanded Other Ugandan Traditional States.
07/02/08      expanded Republic of Ragusa under Croatia.
06/16/08      added Italo-Albanian Catholic Church, expanded Elba under Italy states.
06/01/08      expanded Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions added pre-1991 divisions.
05/20/08      addition to US govt.: Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
03/18/08      added Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO).
03/17/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 
                and Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
03/01/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Patent Office, Bureau of Land Management,
                U.S. Marshals Service, War Relocation Authority, Census Bureau,
                and NOAA Commissioned Corps.
02/17/08      new page: Kosovo page and re-edit of Serbia page.
02/08/08      added Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
02/03/08      added British and French forts in Benin 1650-1807.
01/03/08      added Constitution to Brunei Darussalam.
12/06/07      added Orthodox Church of New Zealand, Orthodox Church of Korea and 
                Old Calendar Church of Bulgaria.
12/04/07      added Organization of Central American States (ODECA) and
                Central American Integration System (SICA) and Collective Security
                Treaty Organization (CSTO).
12/01/07      added Nunatsiavut to Newfoundland.
11/11/07      added Birmingham, Alabama; Oakland, California; and Shreveport,
                Louisiana to U.S. Mayors.
11/03/07      added Santa Fe, New Mexico to U.S. Mayors.
10/19/07      added Kansas City, Missouri to U.S. Mayors.
10/18/07      added Rochester, New York; Savannah, Georgia; and
                Topeka, Kansas to U.S. Mayors.
08/25/07      added Kupang to Indonesian traditional states and Islamabad Cap. Terr.,
                Northern Areas and Tribal Areas to Pakistan provinces.
08/22/07      added International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and
                United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Intersputnik.
08/01/07      added National Council of the Churches (NCC).
07/25/07      added new page Denmark Counties 1970-2006.
07/16/07      expanded Red Cross (ICRC, ICRM, IFRCS) entries. 
07/03/07      added International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO),
                International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO) and Islamic
                Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).
06/20/07      added Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA); United Nations Conference
                on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); United Nations Relief and Works Agency
                for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
06/12/07      added World Customs Organization (WCO). 
05/07/07      added International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
05/01/07      expanded Malta: Gozo.
02/21/07      added new pages for Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/23/07      added San José, California to U.S. Mayors.
01/18/07      new page: Regions of Denmark.
12/20/06      new page: Venezuela States since 1990.
12/08/06      added International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
12/06/06      expanded Burma states 1947-1974.
10/31/06      added Organisation Commune Africaine et Mauricienne (OCAM).
10/08/06      expansion and updates to Indian Princely states A-J and K-M
                and Pakistan Princely States.
06/03/06      separate Montenegro page and re-edit of Serbia page.
05/20/06      expanded Armenia (Eriwan khanate) and Japan (Ryukyu).
05/12/06      expanded Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
05/10/06      added Canton & Enderbury Islands and Kirimati to Kiribati
                expanded British Indian Ocean Terr. added English Hirado Post to Japan.
05/03/06      added Gozo to Malta and Buffer Zone to Cyprus.
04/26/06      expanded Pitcairn and Saint Helena.
04/16/06      added Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
04/07/06      added Albany (NY) to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/06      added Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
03/01/06      added Igelsia Ni Cristo, Fulan Gong, and Buddhist Thailand.
01/15/06      new page: Belarus Administrative Divisions.
01/14/06      added Podolia (1672-99) to Poland and Kokang to Myanmar Shan states.
01/13/06      expanded of Cameroon Traditional states.
12/26/05      new page: Ukraine Administrative Divisions and 
                Reichskommissariat Ukraine General Districts.
12/01/05      new page: Russian S.F.S.R. Administrative divisions (to 1991).
11/12/05      added Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
10/21/05      new page: Self-Proclaimed Micronations (Hutt River Province, Saugeais, 
                Sealand and Seborga).
10/01/05      added Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to U.S. govt.
09/29/05      added Croatia Counties, Japan Prefectures and Slovak Regions.
09/03/05      added United Church of Christ (UCC).
08/09/05      added baLobedu to South African Traditional states.
07/10/05      added Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
05/28/05      added Poland Voivodships 1919-39 and from 1999,
                and General-government districts 1939-45.
05/12/05      additions to Poland: Danzig 1526-1815.

    New Polities and International Organizations

10/05/16      update to Somalia: HirShabelle administration.
07/28/16      update to Russia: federal district Krymskiy (abolished).
07/16/16      update to The Sudan: Darfur TRDA (abolished).
05/11/17      Yemen: Southern Yemen (Southern Transitional Council).
03/31/16      update Nicaragua Autonomous Regions are renamed.
01/30/16      update to Mexico: Distrito Federal becomes Ciudad de México.
01/16/16      update Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) opens.
01/01/16      update to France new regions: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-
                Limousin-Poitou-Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté,
                Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Normandie & Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie
12/29/15      update South Sudan abolishes its 10 states creating 28 new states.
12/18/15      updates to French Guiana and Martinique become territorial authorities.
12/14/15      update to Central African Republic: 'Republic' of Logone declared.
10/29/15      update to Congo (Kinshasa) 21 new provinces effected: Bas-Uélé, Équateur,
                Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï
                Oriental, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi,
                Sankuru, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo and Tshuapa.
07/08/15      update New Development Bank (NDB) established.
06/17/15      update Norfolk Island self-government abolished.
01/01/15      update Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) established.
12/25/14      update to Taiwan new special municipality: Taoyuan city.
06/29/14      update Islamic State declared by ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
06/02/14      update to India new state: Telangana.
03/21/14      update to Russia: annexation of Crimea, creating a new Russian federal
                district (Krymsky), republic (Crimea) and federal city (Sevastopol).
03/17/14      update to Ukraine: Crimea declares independence.
01/01/14      Mayotte becomes an overseas department of France.
08/28/13      update to Somalia: Juba Interim Admin. recognized.
07/11/13      update to Sudan province: Western Kordofan restored.
05/13/13      update to Somalia: new region Jubbaland.
04/22/13      update to Indonesia new province: Kalimantan Utara (Gov.)
07/01/12      update to South Korea: Sejong special autonomous city created.
05/17/12      update to Papua New Guinea new provinces: Hela, Jiwaka.
04/06/12      added Azawad under Mali.
01/10/12      update to The Sudan new states: Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur.
10/27/11      update to Venezuela: Francisco de Miranda Territory created.
09/01/11      added Cabildo Insulares to Spain's Canary Islands.
07/09/11      independence of South Sudan.
03/31/11      update Mayotte to become an overseas department of France.
01/01/11      update to Greece: Regions.
12/25/10      update to Taiwan: SinbeiTaichung and Tainan special municipalities created.
10/10/10      Netherlands Antilles dissolved into autonomous countries Curaçao & St. Maarten;
                Bonaire, Saba & St. Eustatius become special municipalities of Netherlands.
07/08/10      International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
05/30/10      Bolivia departments granted autonomy.
01/19/10      update to Russia: new federal district Severo-Kavkazsky (North Caucasian).
10/19/09      update to Uganda: Rwenzururu kingdom recognized. 
10/07/08      update to Nepal: Mustang kingship abolished.
08/31/08      update to The Sudan: Abyei Area created.
05/28/08      update to Nepal: becomes a republic.
05/23/08      update Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) est.
03/01/08      update to Russia: new kray Zabaikalsky.
02/17/08      independence of Kosovo.
12/01/07      update to Newfoundland: Nunatsiavut.
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria: became an emirate.
07/01/07      updates to Russia: new kray Kamchatka and Somalia: Maakhir state.
04/23/07      update to The Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority est.
02/21/07      new French overseas collectivities: Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/01/07      updates to EU: Bulgaria and Romania join; Sri Lanka new prov.: Eastern 
                and Northern.
06/28/06      update to UN: Montenegro joins the United Nations.
06/05/06      independence of Serbia.
06/03/06      independence of Montenegro.
12/01/05      update to Russia: new kray: Perm.
10/01/05      update Ibero-American Secretariat est.
08/14/05      added Galmudug State to Somalia.
07/09/05      update to The Sudan: Government of Southern Sudan.
06/15/05      update to Papua New Guinea: Bougainville Autonomous Government
06/14/05      update to Iraq: Kurdistan Autonomous Region.
04/21/05      update to U.S. govt.: new Director of National Intelligence (DNI). 
10/16/04      update to Indonesia: new province (Sulawesi Barat).
09/01/04      update Antarctic Treaty Secretariat est.
07/01/04      updates Denmark (regions), Indonesia: new province (Kepulauan Riau).
05/01/04      update to EU: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia,
                Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
03/29/04      update to NATO: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,
                Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
02/27/04      update French Polynesia autonomy increased.
02/19/04      update to Haiti: north secedes as Artibonite (to 03/19/04).
01/15/04      update Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) secretariat est.
12/14/03      update to Indonesia: new province (Irian Jaya Barat). 
02/04/03      update Yugoslavia formally abolished: successor Serbia and Montenegro.
03/11/03      update creation of International Criminal Court.
01/24/03      update to U.S. govt.: Department of Homeland Security.
10/12/02      update to Mauritius: autonomous status for Rodrigues Island.
09/27/02      update to UN: East Timor joins the United Nations.
09/10/02      update to UN: Switzerland joins the United Nations.
07/28/02      update to U.S. govt: Transportation Security Administration.
07/09/02      update to Organization of African Unity (OAU) becomes African Union.
05/20/02      independence of East Timor.
04/11/02      update to Somalia: State of Southwest Somalia.
02/14/02      update to Bahrain: becomes a kingdom.

    New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies

11/28/17      updates to Mauritania (flag, anthem).
09/25/17      update to Mauritania (anthem lyrics).
07/24/17      update to Orlando, FL (flag).
04/09/17      update to South Ossetia (polity name).
04/06/17      update to Thailand (new constitution).
03/10/17      update to Nagorno-Karabakh (polity name, new constitution).
02/07/17      update to Equatorial Guinea (capital).
01/28/17      update to The Gambia (country name).
11/01/16      update to Norden (flag).
10/05/16      update to Somalia reg.: HirShabelle (flag).
09/30/16      updates to France regions: Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine,
                and Occitanie (names).
08/07/16      update to Thailand (new constitution).
07/12/16      update to U.S.: Washington, DC (draft statehood constitution).
07/01/16      update to Czech Republic (English short-form polity name).
04/29/16      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (anthem).
03/06/16      update to Algeria (new constitution).
09/20/15      update to Nepal (new constitution).
07/30/15      update to Peru reg.: San Martin (flag).
07/01/15      update to U.S. state: Virginia (state song).
05/09/15      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (anthem).
03/01/15      update to Belgium reg.: Brussels-Capital (flag).
01/28/15      update to Taiwan city: Tainan (flag).
01/17/15      update to France reg.: Centre-Val de Loire (name).
01/01/15      update to Lithuania (currency).
12/19/14      update to Peru reg.: Ica (flag).
11/15/14      update to Burkina Faso (constitution restored).
11/02/14      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (flag).
10/31/14      update to Burkina Faso (constitution suspended).
07/22/14      update to Thailand (new constitution).
06/21/14      update to Ukraine: Donetsk Republic (flag).
05/22/14      update to Thailand (constitution suspended).
05/18/14      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (constitution).
05/14/14      update to Ukraine: Donetsk Republic (constitution).
03/17/14      update to Crimea (constitution, currency).
03/07/14      update to West Virginia (state song).
01/27/14      update to Tunisia (new constitution).
01/18/14      update to Egypt (new constitution).
01/01/14      updates to Latvia (currency), Vietnam (constitution).
12/26/13      update to Russia reg.: Ulyanovsk (flag).
11/01/13      update to Solomon Island (rulers title style).
10/25/13      update to Cabo Verde (polity name).
09/06/13      update to Fiji (new constitution).
07/29/13      update to Montserrat (national anthem).
07/15/13      update to Paraguay (flag).
07/03/13      update to Egypt (constitution suspended).
06/26/13      update to WMO (flag).
06/17/13      update to ACP (flag).
05/22/13      update to Zimbabwe (new constitution, country name).
05/11/13      update to Ascension Island (flag).
04/30/13      update to The Netherlands (national holiday).
03/25/13      updates to Central African Rep. (constitution suspended) and
                Indonesia prov.: Aceh (flag).
03/13/13      update to Vatican City (national holiday).
01/08/13      update to Libya (state name).
01/03/13      update to Palestine (country name).
12/25/12      update to Egypt (new constitution).
10/15/12      update to Turks and Caicos (new constitution).
09/03/12      update to British Virgin Is. (local anthem).
08/01/12      update to Somalia (new constitution, anthem, country name).
05/28/12      update to Malawi (flag).
05/01/12      update to Belarus (flag).
04/25/12      update to St. Barthélemy (local holiday, moved to 9 Oct [1847]
                from 27 May [1848]).
03/22/12      update to to Mali (constitution suspended until 1 Apr 2012).
03/01/12      update to Tokelau (anthem).
02/27/12      update to Syria (new constitution).
02/07/12      update to Peru reg.: Puno (flag).
01/01/12      update to Hungary (constitution). 
09/27/11      update to Montserrat (new constitution).
08/26/11      update to Argentina prov.: Catamarca (flag).
08/23/11      update to Libya (flag, anthem, constitution).
07/29/11      update to Morocco (new constitution).
07/09/11      update to South Sudan (anthem, constitution, currency, flag).
06/28/11      update to Org. of Islamic Cooperation (flag).
06/01/11      update to Russia rep.: Mari El (flag). 
05/25/11      update to Belgium reg.: Wallonia-Brussels (name).
03/09/11      update to U.S. state: Utah (flag).
02/13/11      update to Egypt (constitution suspended).
01/01/11      updates to Estonia, Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius (currencies).
12/16/10      update to Argentina prov.: Córdoba (flag).
12/15/10      update to OECD (flag).
12/11/10      update to Madagascar (constitution).
11/25/10      update to Niger (constitution).
11/22/10      update to U.S. state: Louisiana (flag).
10/26/10      update to Saint-Martin (local flag).
10/21/10      updates to Myanmar (Burma) (flag, country name).
10/10/10      updates to Curaçao and Sint Maarten (constitutions).
08/27/10      update to Kenya (constitution).
08/07/10      update to Malawi (flag).
07/13/10      update to New Caledonia (flag).
07/02/10      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
05/07/10      update to Guinea (constitution).
04/13/10      update to Argentina prov.: Tucumán (flag).
03/04/10      update to Pitcairn (constitution order).
02/26/10      update to Dominican Rep. (constitution).
02/18/10      update to update to Niger (constitution suspended).
02/17/10      update to Russia kray: Kamchatka (flag).
02/12/10      update to Peru reg.: Pasco (flag).
02/05/10      update to Angola (constitution).
01/31/10      update to African Union (flag).
01/29/10      update to French Guiana (flag).
12/22/09      update to Somalia: Puntland (flag).
11/06/09      updates to Cayman Islands (new constitution).
10/21/09      update to Tokelau (flag).
09/28/09      update to North Korea (constitution).
09/23/09      update to Russia oblast: Arkhangelsk (flag).
09/01/09      update to Saint Helena (constitution, country name).
08/18/09      update to Niger (constitution).
08/14/09      update to Turks and Caicos (constitution suspended).
06/02/09      update to Belarus oblast: Vitebsk (flag).
04/12/09      update to Zimbabwe (currency).
03/25/09      update to Argentina prov.: Rio Negro (flag).
03/18/09      update to Bolivia (state name).
02/27/09      update to Ukraine prov.: Zakarpattya (flag). 
02/07/09      update to Bolivia (constitution).
01/01/09      updates to Falklands (constitution), Slovakia and Turkey (currency).
12/15/08      update to Turmenistan (anthem).
10/30/08      update to Poland: Dolnoslaskie (flag). 
10/22/08      update to Ecuador (constitution).
09/26/08      update to Turkmenistan (constitution).
08/07/08      update to Maldives (constitution).
07/18/08      update to Bhutan (constitution).
07/16/08      update to Republika Srpska (anthem).
06/26/08      update to New Caledonia (anthem).
06/15/08      update to Kosovo (constitution).
06/11/08      update to Kosovo (anthem).
05/29/08      updates to Tokelau (flag) and Myanmar (Burma) (constitution).
05/28/08      update to Nepal (country name).
05/18/08      update to Myanmar (draft constitution).
02/17/08      update to Kosovo (flag).
01/22/08      update to Iraq (flag).
01/01/08      updates to Cyprus, Britsh Sovereign Base Areas, Malta and Venezuela
10/23/07      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
10/22/07      update to Montenegro (constitution, country name).
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria (constitution, flag).
08/19/07      update to Thailand (constitution).
08/03/07      update to Nepal (anthem).
06/19/07      update to British Virgin Islands (constitution).
01/15/07      update to Nepal (constitution).
01/09/07      update to The Sudan (currency).
01/02/07      update to Gibraltar (constitution).
01/01/07      update to Slovenia (currency)
12/10/06      update to Nagorno-Karabakh (constitution).
11/10/06      update to Serbia (constitution).
11/09/06      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
10/04/06      update to Lesotho (flag).
10/01/06      update to Palau (capital).
08/09/06      update to Turks and Caicos (constitution).
07/06/06      update to Mongolia (anthem lyrics).
06/21/06      update to OECS (flag).
05/14/06      update to Afghanistan (anthem).
03/07/06      update to Venezuela (flag).
02/18/06      update to Congo (Kinshasa) (flag and constitution).
01/06/06      update to Kazakhstan (anthem).
11/08/05      update to Myanmar (Burma) (capital)
10/25/05      update to Iraq (constitution). 
07/26/05      update to Swaziland (constitution). 
07/09/05      update to The Sudan (constitution).
04/24/05      update to Vatican City (national holiday).
02/28/05      update to Burundi (constitution).
01/09/05      update to Zanzibar (flag).
01/01/05      updates to Madagascar (currency) and Turkey (currency).
11/16/04      update to Sint Eustatius (flag).
11/05/04      update to Rodrigues Island (flag).
08/18/04      update to Chechnya (flag).
08/17/04      update to Serbia (state flag).
07/20/04      update to Georgia (Adjaria flag).
07/12/04      update to Montenegro (flag and anthem). 
06/28/04      update to Iraq (flag and anthem)
04/23/04      update to Georgia (anthem).
03/08/04      update to Iraq (constitution).
02/28/04      update to Vojvodina (flag).
01/26/04      update to Afghanistan (constitution).
01/14/04      update to Georgia (flag).
01/04/04      update to Afghanistan (flag).
05/26/03      update to Rwanda (constitution).
05/08/03      update to U.S. state of Georgia (flag).
02/04/03      update to Serbia & Montenegro (constitution).
10/20/02      update to Tristan da Cunha (flag)
06/27/02      update to Afghanistan (flag).
02/14/02      update to Bahrain (flag).
01/28/02      update to Afghanistan (flag).
01/26/02      update to Christmas Island (flag).
01/07/02      update to Comoros (flag).
01/01/02      update to Rwanda (flag).
01/01/02      update to European Union (currency).

 International Organization Membership Updates

12/12/17      Timor-Leste to be 191st member of WIPO.
12/11/17      Marshall Islands to be 190th member of WIPO.
10/30/17      New Caledonia the 11th associate member of UNESCO.
10/27/17      Burundi withdraws from ICCt.
10/23/17      Ireland the 58th member of AIIB.
10/13/17      Afghanistan the 57th member of AIIB.
10/11/17      Nepal the 153rd member of IRENA.
09/27/17      Palestine, Solomon Islands 191st & 192nd members of Interpol.
08/30/17      Uzbekistan the 54th member of ISESCO.
07/21/17      The Gambia rejoins The Commonwealth.
07/13/17      Lebanon the 68th member of EBRD.
07/01/17      Uzbekistan the 153rd member of IRENA.
06/27/17      Chameria admitted to the UNPO.
06/16/17      Hungary the 56th member of AIIB.
06/09/17      India, Pakistan become members of SCO.
06/07/17      Hong Kong the 55th member of AIIB.
06/05/17      Montenegro the 29th member of NATO.
06/01/17      U.S. withdrawal notification from UNFCC-PA.
05/25/17      Equatorial Guinea the 14th member of OPEC.
05/13/17      Ethiopia the 54th member of AIIB; the Bellah People
                and Kabylia admitted to the UNPO.
04/28/17      Venezuela withdrawal notification from OAS.
03/30/17      Tuvalu the 173rd member of IPU.
03/29/17      United Kingdom withdrawal notification from EU and Euratom.
03/27/17      Malaysia the 53rd member of AIIB.
03/24/17      Antigua & Barbuda the 182nd member of WCO.
02/17/17      Vanuatu the 87th member of IHO.
02/13/17      Turkey the 53rd member of ISESCO.
02/08/17      Portugal the 52nd member of AIIB.
01/30/17      Morocco readmitted to African Union.
01/25/17      Kosovo the 181st member of WCO.
01/17/17      Iran the 51st member of AIIB.
01/11/17      Malta the 86th member of IHO.
12/31/16      Denmark and Greece withdraw from UNIDO.
12/28/16      Philippines the 50th member of AIIB.
12/05/16      Tonga the 166th member of IOM.
11/30/16      Uzbekistan the 49th member of AIIB.
11/30/16      Indonesia suspends membership in OPEC.
11/29/16      Belarus the 172nd member of IMO.
11/27/16      New Caledonia an associate member of OIF.
11/16/16      Honduras the 103rd member of IMSO.
10/27/16      Cook Islands the 189th member of WIPO.
10/24/16      Swaziland the 171st member of IPU.
10/13/16      Maldives withdraws from the Commonwealth.
09/21/16      Myanmar and Swaziland the 165th & 166th members of CTBTO.
09/19/16      IOM becomes part of the UN system.
09/10/16      French Polynesia, New Caledonia full members of PIF.
08/19/17      Afghanistan the 151st member of IRENA.
08/19/16      Australia withdraws from UNWTO.
07/29/16      Afghanistan the 164th member of WTO.
07/14/16      Liberia the 163rd member of WTO.
07/01/16      Latvia the 35th member of OECD.
07/01/16      Gabon rejoins OPEC.
06/30/16      China, Solomon Islands & Tuvalu members of IOM.
06/16/16      Azerbaijan the 168th member of ISA.
06/13/16      The Bahamas the 121st member of PCA.
06/04/16      Saint Martin an associate member of ACS.
05/15/16      Guyana the 57th member of IDB.
04/29/16      South Arabia admitted to the UNPO.
04/12/16      Nauru the 189th member of IBRD and IMF.
04/17/16      Djibouti the 120th member of PCA.
04/07/16      Martinique the 3rd associate member of OECS.
03/20/16      Comoros, Egypt and Guyana rejoin the IPU.
03/08/16      Fiji the 102nd member of IMSO.
03/03/16      El Salvador the 124th member of ICCt.
03/02/16      South Sudan the 6th member of EAC.
02/24/16      Tonga the 187th member of ILO.
02/16/16      Turkmenistan the 168th member of IAEA.
02/09/16      Kiribati the 170th member of UNIDO.
01/16/16      the AIIB opens.
01/15/16      China the 67th member of EBRD.
01/05/16      Kosovo the 119th member of PCA.
01/01/16      Indonesia rejoins OPEC.
12/31/15      Belgium withdraws from UNIDO.
12/31/15      Brazil the 28th member of CDB.
12/29/15      Palestine the 118th member of PCA.
12/04/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of IFRCS.
11/30/15      Kazakhstan the 162nd member of WTO.
11/23/15      Eritrea, Kiribati, Saint Kitts & Nevis,
                Saint Lucia, São Tomé & Príncipe join the IOM.
11/20/15      Barbados the 167th member of IAEA.
11/18/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of ICRM.
11/11/15      Ecuador the 101st member of IMSO.
11/06/15      District of Columbia admitted to UNPO.
11/03/15      Montserrat the 10th associate member of UNESCO.
10/16/15      Angola the 192nd member of OPCW.
10/14/15      Antigua and Barbuda the 166th member of IAEA.
10/13/15      Iceland the 53rd member of ANT.
10/09/15      Norway withdraws from UNWTO.
09/14/15      Barbados and Samoa become members of UNWTO.
09/09/15      Vanuatu the 165th member of IAEA.
08/07/15      Myanmar the 191st member of OPCW.
08/06/15      Kyrgyzstan the 5th member of EAEU.
08/02/15      South Sudan the 206th member of IOC.
07/17/15      Bolivia the 6th member of Mercosur.
07/01/15      Bretagne admitted to UNPO.
06/12/15      Cook Islands the 186th member of ILO.
05/25/15      Rwanda rejoins the ECCAS.
04/30/15      South Sudan the 80th member of AfDB.
04/26/15      Seychelles the 161st member of WTO.
04/01/15      Palestine the 123rd member of ICCt.
03/20/15      Angola the 164th member of CTBTO.
03/26/15      Brunei the 85th member of IHO.
03/24/15      Palestine the 180th member of WCO.
03/23/15      Mongolia the 52nd member of ANT.
03/22/15      Georgia the 117th member of PCA.
03/16/15      Marshall Islands the 170th member of UNIDO.
03/06/15      Djibouti the 164th member of IAEA.
03/02/15      Georgia and Vietnam the 83rd and 84th 
                members of IHO.
02/16/15      Micronesia, Montenegro and Palau join IFAD.
02/10/15      Palestine the 191st member of NPT.
02/02/15      Order of Malta an associate of PAM.
01/27/15      Guyana the 163rd member of IAEA.
01/27/15      Kazakhstan the 51st member of ANT.
01/12/15      Georgia the 100th member of IMSO.
01/08/15      Niue the 188th member of WIPO.
01/02/15      Palestine the 167th member of ISA.
01/02/15      Armenia the 4th member of EAEU.
01/01/15      Eurasian Economic Union est.
12/31/14      Portugal withdraws from UNIDO.
12/09/14      Brazil and UAE the 26th & 27th members of UNRWA.
11/28/14      Amazigh, Sulu & Trieste admitted to UNPO.
11/25/14      Samoa the 157th member of IOM.
11/18/14      Jordan the 99th member of IMSO.
10/22/14      Kosovo the 205th member of IOC.
10/20/14      São Tomé & Príncipe the 116th member of PCA.
10/02/14      Zambia the 171st member of IMO.
09/02/14      Congo (Brazzaville) the 163rd member of CTBTO.
08/06/14      Tokelau the 3rd associate member of PIF.
07/23/14      Equatorial Guinea the 9th member of CPLP.
06/28/14      Savoy admitted and Aceh & Talysh rejoin UNPO.
06/26/14      Yemen the 160th member of WTO.
06/19/14      Macedonia the 156th member of IOM.
06/04/14      Tuvalu the 187th member of WIPO.
05/29/14      Luxembourg the 79th member of AfDB.
03/17/14      Tonga the 164h member of IPU.
03/04/14      Niue the 162nd member of CTBTO.
02/19/14      Russia the 173rd member of IFAD.
02/18/14      Brunei Darussalam the 162nd member of to IAEA.
02/14/14      Guadeloupe, Martinique and Sint Maarten
                separate associate members of ACS.
02/10/14      Guyana the 52nd member of ISESCO.
01/07/14      The Bahamas the 161st member of to IAEA.
01/01/14      Mayotte becomes an outermost region of EU.
12/31/13      New Zealand withdraws from UNIDO.
12/12/13      Suriname the 27th member of CDB.
12/03/13      Montenegro the 82nd member of IHO.
11/26/13      Fiji, Iceland, Marshall Islands and Turkmenistan join IOM.
11/25/13      San Marino the 160th member of to IAEA.
11/22/13      Barotseland admitted & West Papua rejoins the UNPO.
11/12/13      Cyprus and South Sudan join the IFRCS.
11/05/13      Anguilla the 9th associate member of UNESCO.
10/29/13      Turkey the 78th member of AfDB.
10/15/13      North Korea the 98th member of IMSO.
10/07/13      Bhutan joins and Somalia rejoins the IPU.
10/02/13      The Gambia withdraws from The Commonwealth
09/27/13      Iraq the 161st member of CTBTO.
09/24/13      Guinea-Bissau the 160th member of CTBTO.
09/14/13      Syria the 190th member of OPCW.
08/07/13      Niger the 166th member of ISA.
07/19/13      Kiribati the 186th member of WIPO.
07/01/13      Croatia the 28th member of the EU.
06/29/13      Somalia the 189th member of OPCW.
06/27/13      Dominican Rep. the 8th member of SICA.
06/18/13      South Sudan the 189th member of ICRM.
06/17/13      Malawi and Suriname the 150th & 151st members of IOM.
06/15/13      Brunei, Singapore, and South Sudan to join FAO.
05/14/13      Trinidad and U.A.E. rejoin the UNWTO.
05/01/13      Côte d'Ivoire the 122nd member of ICCt. 
04/26/13      Guadeloupe & Martinique separate associate members of ACS.
03/02/13      Tajikistan the 159th member of WTO.
02/15/13      Swaziland the 159th member of to IAEA.
02/13/13      Nauru, Tuvalu and Vanuatu join IFAD.
02/08/13      Chad the 159th member of CTBTO.
02/02/13      Laos the 158th member of WTO.
01/10/13      Brunei the 158th member of CTBTO.
01/08/13      East Timor the 165th member of ISA.
12/31/12      Lithuania & U.K. withdraw from UNIDO.
12/22/12      Latvia withdraws from UNWTO.
12/17/12      Kosovo the 66th member of EBRD.
12/15/12      Canada withdraws from UNFCC-Kyoto Protocol.
12/14/12      South Sudan the 185th member of WMO.
12/05/12      Estonia the 169th member of IFAD.
11/29/12      Myanmar & Papua New Guinea the 148th & 149th members of IOM.
11/27/12      St. Vincent the 147th member of IOM.
11/21/12      Mongolia the 57th member of OSCE.
11/21/12      Uganda the 51st member of ISESCO.
11/09/12      Trinidad & Tobago the 158th member of IAEA.
11/02/12      Fiji the 157th member of IAEA.
11/01/12      Togo the 156th member of IAEA.
10/13/12      Armenia the 54th member & Qatar an associate of OIF.
10/04/12      Somalia the 179th member of WCO.
09/24/12      Ecuador & Swaziland the 163rd & 164th members of ISA
09/22/12      Tuvalu the 184th member of WMO.
09/07/12      Bulgaria withdraws from the ITSO.
09/04/12      Rwanda the 155th member of IAEA. 
08/24/12      Vanuatu the 157th member of WTO.
08/22/12      Russia the 156th member of WTO.
07/31/12      Venezuela the 5th member of Mercosur. 
07/18/12      South Sudan the 178th member of WCO.
07/07/12      Lezgin admitted to UNPO.
07/01/12      Guatemala the 121st member of ICCt. 
06/21/12      Uzbekistan withdraws from the CSTO.
06/01/12      Myanmar rejoins the UNWTO
05/29/12      Palau the 185th member of ILO.
05/12/12      Canada withdraws from the UNWTO
05/10/12      Samoa the 155th member of WTO
04/29/12      Montenegro the 154th member of WTO
04/25/12      Saudi Arabia the 27th member of Colombo Plan.
04/24/12      Somalia the 26th member of Intersputnik.
04/20/12      Cameroon the 81st member of IHO.
04/18/12      South Sudan the 188th member of IMF and World Bank (IBRD).
04/13/12      South Sudan the 184th member of ILO.
04/09/12      Niue the 158th ratification of CTBT.
04/05/12      South Sudan and Myanmar join the IPU.
04/04/12      Papua New Guinea the 154th member of IAEA.
03/02/12      Vanuatu the 185th member of WIPO.      
03/01/12      Pakistan the 50th member of ANT.
02/22/12      South Sudan the 168th member of IFAD.
02/26/12      Bangladesh the 115th member of PCA.
02/17/12      Dominica the 153rd member of IAEA.
02/10/12      South Sudan the 8th member of IGAD.
02/06/12      Indonesia the 157th ratification of CTBT.
02/01/12      Vanuatu the 120th member of ICCt. 
01/12/12      Guatemala the 156th ratification of CTBT.
              and Luxembourg the 25th member of UNRWA.
01/01/12      Cape Verde the 119th member of ICCt. 
12/29/11      Vietnam the 114th member of PCA;
12/29/11      Jordan & Tunisia the 64th & 65th members of ERBD.
12/27/11      Albania the 113th member of PCA.
12/19/11      Colombia the 60th member of BIS.
12/16/11      United Arab Emirates the 59th member of BIS.
12/05/11      Antigua & Barbuda, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, 
                Ethiopia, Guyana, Maldives, Micronesia, 
                Mozambique, Nauru, South Sudan, Seychelles, 
                Vanuatu and Vatican City join the IOM.
12/01/11      Maldives the 118th member of ICCt. 
11/23/11      Palestine the 195th member of UNESCO.
11/23/11      Maldives the 187th member of ICRC and IFRCS.
11/10/11      South Sudan the 191st member of ICAO.
11/04/11      Laos the 152nd member of IAEA.
11/01/11      The Philippines the 117th member of ICCt. 
10/31/11      Curaçao, St. Maarten & South Sudan join Interpol.
10/31/11      Malaysia the 49th signatory to Antarctic Treaty.
10/27/11      South Sudan the 194th member of UNESCO.
10/27/11      Tuvalu the 174th member of UNIDO.
10/25/11      Curaçao, St. Maarten associate members of UNESCO.
10/19/11      Chad joins the IPU.
10/13/11      South Sudan the 20th member of COMESA.
10/10/11      Liberia the 155th member of UNWTO.
10/04/11      South Sudan the 192nd member of UPU.
10/03/11      South Sudan the 193rd member of ITU.
09/29/11      Palau the 97th member of IMSO.
09/28/11      Mongolia the 96th member of IMSO.
09/27/11      South Sudan the 194th member of WHO.
09/22/11      Guinea the 155th ratification of CTBT.
09/18/11      Haratin admitted to UNPO.
09/08/11      Palau the 170th member of IMO.
09/01/11      Tunisia the 116th member of ICCt.
08/01/11      Grenada the 115th member of ICCt.
07/29/11      South Sudan the 54th member of African Union.
07/22/11      Peru the 58th member of BIS.
07/15/11      Luxembourg the 57th member of BIS.
07/14/11      South Sudan the 193rd member of UN & 194th member of UNCTAD.
07/13/11      Hungary the 167th member of IFAD.
07/08/11      IOC de-recognizes Netherlands Antilles NOC, leaving 204 members.
06/30/11      WEU is dissolved.
06/28/11      Org. of Islamic Conference renamed Org. of Islamic Cooperation.
06/25/11      Tokelau an associate member of FAO.
06/15/11      Grenada the 78th member of IRENA.
06/14/11      Ghana the 154th ratification of CTBT.
06/10/11      Philippines the 77th member of IRENA.
05/25/11      Azerbaijan and Fiji join Non-Aligned Movement.
05/15/11      Thailand the 162nd member of ISA.
05/10/11      WEU assembly last session closes.
04/19/11      Rwanda the 112th member of PCA.
04/16/11      Micronesia and Trinidad & Tobago join IPU.
02/19/11      Uzbekistan the 167th member of IFAD.
01/24/11      Yemen the 95th member of the IMSO.
01/01/11      Moldova the 114th member of ICCt.
12/09/10      Estonia the 34th member of the OECD.
12/10/10      Kuwait the 24th member of UNRWA.
12/02/10      Curaçao and Sint Maarten join Parlatino.
11/29/10      Botswana, Central African Republic, East Timor, 
                Lesotho and Swaziland join the IOM
11/24/10      Panama withdrew from PARLACEN.
11/01/10      Seychelles and St. Lucia the 112th & 113th members of ICCt.
10/28/10      Andorra the 26th member of PAM.
09/28/10      Malawi the 161st member of ISA.
09/26/10      Moro admitted to UNPO.
09/07/10      Israel the 33rd member of the OECD
08/24/10      East Timor the 192nd member of ITU.
08/19/10      Guinea-Bissau the 177th member of WCO.
07/21/10      Slovenia the 32nd member of the OECD 
07/17/10      Philippines the 111th member of PCA.
07/08/10      International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
06/24/10      Tuvalu the 187th member of IMF and World Bank.
06/01/10      Bangladesh the 111th member of ICCt.
05/26/10      Central African Republic and Trindad & Tobago 
                the 152nd and 153rd members of CTBTO.
05/07/10      Chile the 31st member of the OECD
03/28/10      Seychelles the 155th member of IPU.
02/06/10      Ogaden admitted to UNPO.
01/29/10      Portugal the 48th Antarctic Treaty member. 
12/04/09      East Timor the 183rd member of WMO.
11/28/09      Rwanda the 54th member of The Commonwealth.
11/23/09      Cambodia rejoins as 151st member of IAEA.
11/17/09      Vanuatu the 176th member of WCO.
10/28/09      Marshall Islands the 151st member of CTBTO.
10/22/09      Montenegro the 150th member of ITSO.
10/13/09      Samoa admitted as the 188th member of Interpol.
10/12/09      Faroe Islands the 7th associate member of UNESCO;
                Antigua & Barbuda the 94th member of IMSO.
10/07/09      Madagascar the 110th member of PCA.
10/05/09      UK withdraws and Vanuatu the 154th member of UNWTO.
10/01/09      Czech Republic the 110th member of ICCt.
09/23/09      Saint Vincent & the Grenadines the 150th member of CTBTO
                São Tomé & Príncipe the 175th member of WCO.
09/01/09      Chile Republic the 109th member of ICCt.
08/18/09      Georgia withdraws from the CIS.
08/17/09      Liberia the 149th member of CTBTO.
08/14/09      Chad the 160th member of ISA.
07/15/09      Congo (Brazzaville) the 150th member of IAEA.
07/13/09      Lesotho the 149th member of IAEA.
06/24/09      Bahrain and Burundi the 147th & 148th members of IAEA.
06/30/09      Uganda the 169th member of IMO.
06/29/09      Namibia and Trinidad & Tobago join IOM as 126th & 127th members;
                Kosovo the 186th member of IMF and World Bank (IBRD).
05/21/09      The Bahamas the 188th member of OPCW.
05/15/09      Maldives the 183rd member of ILO.
04/26/09      Dominican Republic the 187th member of OPCW.
04/01/09      Albania and Croatia the 27th & 28th members of NATO.
02/18/09      Marshall Islands the 166th member of IFAD.
02/12/09      Iraq the 186th member of OPCW.
02/05/09      Oman the 146th member of IAEA.
01/05/09      United Arab Emirates the 109th member of PCA.
01/12/09      China the 48th member of IADB.
01/01/09      Indonesia withdraws from OPEC.
12/20/08      Lebanon the 185th member of OPCW.
12/11/08      Samoa the 173rd member of UNIDO.
10/15/08      Comoros, Oman, Palestine and Sierra Leone join IPU.
10/07/08      Vatican City admitted as the 187th member of Interpol.
10/01/08      Cook Islands & Suriname the 107th & 108th members of ICCt.
09/25/08      Romania an associate of PAM.
09/23/08      Norway the 153rd member of UNWTO
09/20/08      Gilgit-Baltistan admitted to UNPO.
08/29/08      Bahrain the 108th member of PCA.
08/20/09      Vanuatu the 93rd member of IMSO.
08/17/08      Seychelles rejoin the SADC.
07/23/08      Cape Verde the 153rd member of WTO. 
07/18/08      Cook Islands the 168th member of IMO.
07/08/08      Nepal the 145th member of IAEA.
07/04/08      Bosnia and Hercegovina the 174th member of WCO.
06/19/08      Guinea-Bissau the 184th member of OPCW.
06/18/08      India, Mongolia and Somalia join IOM.
06/01/08      Madagascar the 106th member of ICCt.
05/30/08      Monaco the 47th country to ratify Antarctic Treaty.
05/27/08      Tuvalu the 182nd member of ILO.
05/23/08      Burma and Afrikaners admitted to UNPO.
05/16/08      Ukraine the 152nd member of WTO.
05/15/08      update: UNASUR formed by all South American nations.
05/14/08      Turkey the 78th member of African Development Bank.
05/12/08      update to Commonwealth: Pakistan re-admitted.
04/22/08      Belize the 173rd member of WCO.
04/18/08      Lesotho the 150th member of IPU.
04/12/08      East Timor joins the IPU.
03/19/08      Djibouti the 172nd member of WCO.
03/01/08      Pakistani Balochistan admitted to UNPO.
02/28/08      The Bahamas the 165th member of IFAD.
01/03/08      Congo (Brazzaville) the 183rd member of OPCW.

  2017 International & U.S. Elections



Election Type

23 Jan 2017
Tobago (Trinidad
and Tobago)

house of assembly
24 Jan 2017
(by parliament)
23,27,31 Jan 2017
Tokelau (NZ)
island council,
29 Jan 2017
senate (2nd round)
 5 Feb 2017
 8 Feb 2017
(by parliament)
12 Feb 2017
(by parliament)
12 Feb 2017 Rodrigues Island

12 Feb 2017 Switzerland
12 Feb 2017 Turkmenistan
19 Feb 2017

20 Feb 2017 Nagorno-Karabakh

referendum on new
country name
21 Feb 2017
Marshall Islands
constitutional convention
 2 Mar 2017 Northern Ireland
(United Kingdom)
 7 Mar 2017
Fed. States of Micronesia
 7 Mar 2017 Fed. States of Micronesia referendum on
dual citizenship

 7 Mar 2017 Los Angeles, CA (US)
12 Mar 2017 Abkhazia (Georgia)
(1st round)
15 Mar 2017
The Netherlands
19 Mar 2017 Saint Barthélemy

territorial council
19, 26 Mar 2017 Saint Martin

territorial council
19 Mar 2017 Saint Pierre and
Miquelon (France)

territorial council
20 Mar 2017 Timor-Leste president
21 Mar 2017 Galmudug (Somalia)
(by parliament)
26 Mar 2017 Abkhazia (Georgia)
(2nd round)
26 Mar 2017 Bulgaria
26 Mar 2017
Hong Kong (China)
chief executive
26 Mar 2017
Wallis and Futuna

territorial assembly
27 Mar 2017
Barbuda (Antigua
and Barbuda)

island council
27 Mar 2017
Somaliland (Somalia)
president, senate, parliament
28 Mar 2017
Galmudug (Somalia)
(by parliament)
 1 Apr 2017
San Marino
 2 Apr 2017
 2 Apr 2017 Ecuador
president (runoff)
 2 Apr 2017
 4 Apr 2017 St. Louis, MO (US)
 6 Apr 2017
The Gambia
 9 Apr 2017 Serbia
 9 Apr 2017 South Ossetia (Georgia) president
 9 Apr 2017 South Ossetia (Georgia) referendum on
country name

10 Apr 2017
Galmudug (Somalia)
(by parliament)
16 Apr 2017 Turkey
19-20 Apr 2017 Albania
president (1st try)
(by parliament)
23 Apr 2017
(1st round)

27-28 Apr 2017
president (2nd try)
(by parliament)
28 Apr 2017
Curaçao (Neth.)
29 Apr 2017
Knights of Malta
grand master
30 Apr 2017
Galmudug (Somalia) president
(by parliament)
 3 May 2017
Galmudug (Somalia) president
(by parliament)
 4 May 2017
 6 May 2017
El Paso, TX (US)
 6 May 2017
Fort Worth, TX (US)
 6 May 2017
San Antonio, TX (US)
 6 May 2017
Niue (NZ) parliament
 7 May 2017
(2nd round)
 9 May 2017
Omaha, NE (US)
 9 May 2017
South Korea
10 May 2017
The Bahamas
19 May 2017
21 May 2017
21 May 2017
21 May 2017
24 May 2017
Cayman Islands (UK)
 3 Jun 2017
 3 Jun 2017
 6 Jun 2017
Jackson, MS (US)
 8 Jun 2017
United Kingdom
10 Jun 2017
El Paso, TX (US)
mayor (runoff)
10 Jun 2017
San Antonio, TX (US)
mayor (runoff)
11 Jun 2017
(1st round)
11 Jun 2017
11 Jun 2017
Puerto Rico (US)
status referendum
18 Jun 2017
(2nd round)

18 Jun 2017
24 Jun - 8 Jul 2017
Papua New Guinea
25 Jun 2017
26 Jun 2017
28 Jun 2017
senate (indirect)
 2 Jul 2017
 3 Jul 2017
president (indirect)
 5 Jul 2017
head of state
(by parliament)
 5 Jul 2017
president (indirect)
(2nd round)
 6 Jul 2017
president (indirect)
(3rd round)
 9 Jul 2017 Mali

 9 Jul 2017 Mongolia
president (runoff)
15 Jul 2017 Mauritania
16 Jul 2017 Congo (Brazzaville) parliament
(1st round)
16 Jul 2017 Venezuela (opposition organized; not
recognized by


referendums on
accepting the
assembly and calling
17 Jul 2017 India
president (indirect)
18 Jul 2017 Bermuda
19 Jul 2017 Nagorno-Karabakh
(by parliament)
22 Jul 2017 Timor-Leste
26 Jul 2017
Saint Helena (UK)
legislative council
29 Jul 2017
30 Jul 2017 Congo (Brazzaville) parliament
(2nd round)

30 Jul 2017 Senegal
30 Jul 2017 Venezuela
constituent assembly
 4 Aug 2017
 5 Aug 2017
 8 Aug 2017
president, senate,
22 Aug 2017
Birmingham, AL (US)
22 Aug 2017
Mobile, AL (US)
23 Aug 2017
31 Aug 2017
Congo (Brazzaville)
senate (indirect)
11 Sep 2017
13 Sep 2017
(elected by default)

16 Sep 2017
HirShabelle Admin.

(by parliament)
17 Sep 2017
Macau (China)
legislative council
22 Sep 2017
Aruba (Netherlands)
23 Sep 2017
New Zealand
23 Sep 2017
(sole candidate
24 Sep 2017
senate (indirect)
24 Sep 2017
24 Sep 2017
24 Sep 2017
25 Sep 2017
Kurdistan Autonomous
Region (Iraq)

(not rec
independence referendum
 1 Oct 2017
Catalonia (Spain)
(not rec
 1 Oct 2017
San Marino
 3 Oct 2017
Albuquerque, NM (US)
 3 Oct 2017
Birmingham, AL (US)
mayor (runoff)
10 Oct 2017 Liberia
10 Oct 2017 Raleigh, NC (US)
15 Oct 2017 Austria
15 Oct 2017 Kyrgyzstan
17 Oct 2017 Kenya
president (rerun)
20-21 Oct 2017
Czech Republic
21 Oct 2017
Christmas Island
shire council
(five candidates

21 Oct 2017
Cocos Islands
shire council
22 Oct 2017
parliament, senate
22 Oct 2017
22 Oct 2017
Lombardy, Veneto Regions (Italy)
increased autonomy
22 Oct 2017
26 Oct 2017
president (rerun)
28 Oct 2017
 7 Nov 2017
president (runoff)
 1 Nov 2017
Kurdistan Autonomous
Region (Iraq)
parliament (delayed)
 7 Nov 2017
New Jersey (US)
 7 Nov 2017
New York (US)
state constitution

 7 Nov 2017
Virginia (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Albany, NY (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Annapolis, MD (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Atlanta, GA (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Billings, MT (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Boston, MA (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Buffalo, NY (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Charlotte, NC (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Cincinnati, OH (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Cleveland, OH (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Detroit, MI (US) mayor
 7 Nov 2017
Jersey City, NJ (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Lansing, MI (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Manchester, NH (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Miami, FL (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Minneapolis, MN (US)
 7 Nov 2017
New York, NY (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Pittsburgh, PA (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Raleigh, NC (US)
mayor (runoff)
 7 Nov 2017
Rochester, NY (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Saint Paul, MN (US) mayor
 7 Nov 2017
Seattle, WA (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Syracuse, NY (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Toledo, OH (US)
 7 Nov 2017
Topeka, KS (US)
 8 Nov 2017
Pitcairn Island (UK) island council
 9 Nov 2017
Falkland Islands (UK) parliament
12 Nov 2017
Equatorial Guinea
parliament, senate
12 Nov 2017
Slovenia president (runoff)
13 Nov 2017
Somaliland (Somalia)
14 Nov 2017
Albuquerque, NM (US)
mayor (runoff)
16 Nov 2017
18 Nov 2017
New Orleans, LA (US)
19 Nov 2017
president, senate,

19 Nov 2017
(moved back)
26 Nov 2017
26 Nov 2017
(1st round)

Dec 2017
Congo (Kinshasa)
 3 Dec 2017 Corse (France)
region assembly
(1st round)

 5 Dec 2017 Atlanta, GA (US)
mayor (runoff)
 6 Dec 2017 Switzerland
(by parliament)
 7 Dec 2017 Nepal
(2nd round)

10 Dec 2017 Corse (France)
region assembly
(2nd round)
17 Dec 2017 Chile
president (runoff)
21 Dec 2017 Catalonia (Spain)
26 Dec 2017 Liberia
president (runoff)
 8 Jan 2018
Sint Maarten (Neth.)
parliament (delayed)
12-13 Jan 2018
Czech Republic
(1st round)
14 Jan 2018
19 Jan 2018
Northern (Kurdish)
Syria (Syria)(not recognized by Syria)
26-27 Jan 2018
Czech Republic
(2nd round)
28 Jan 2018
28 Jan 2018
 4 Feb 2018
Costa Rica
11 Feb 2017
25 Feb 2018
26 Feb 2018
Sint Maarten (Neth.)

Sources: Herrera Electoral Calendar, IFES Election Guide, Ballotpedia and IPU .

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