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2012 Updates

   

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2012
2011
2010


New Leaders
Additions
New Polities &
Organizations

New Flags, Constitutions, Anthems & Currencies
International Org.
Membership Updates

Elections Calendar


New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders in 2012

12/31/12      updates to Curaçao (PM), Church of England (ArchBsp.)
12/26/12      updates to Japan (PM), U.S. govt.: NEA (Chr.)
12/25/12      updates to India state: Himachal Pradesh (PM), Pakistan prov.: Punjab (Gov.)
12/24/12      update to Ukraine prov.: Dnipropetrovsk (Gov.)
12/23/12      update to Slovenia (Pres.)
12/19/12      updates to Cayman Islands (PM), Chaldean Catholics (Patr.), China prov.:
                Jilin (Gov.)
12/18/12      update to Bermuda (PM). 
12/17/12      updates to Antioch Patriarchate (Patr.), U.S. govt.: Senate (Pres. Pro-tem) 
12/15/12      updates to Nigeria state: Kaduna (Gov.), Spain reg.: Basque Country (Pres.)
12/14/12      update to U.S. govt.: SEC (Chair.)
12/13/12      update to Lithuania (PM).
12/12/12      update to São Tomé and Príncipe (PM).
12/11/12      update to Mali (PM).
12/08/12      update to Mexico state: Chiapas (Gov.)    
12/05/12      updates to Mexico state: Distrito Fed. (Chf.), Antioch Patriarchate, and 
                SCO (Secy.-gen.)
12/04/12      updates to Montenegro (PM), Namibia (PM).
12/03/12      update to U.S. city: San Diego (Mayor).
12/01/12      update to Mexico (Pres.)
11/28/12      update to Wallis & Futuna (Asmb. Pres.)
11/27/12      update to Czech reg.: Liberecký (Gov.)
11/26/12      update to Ukraine prov.: Vinnytsya (Gov.)
11/24/12      update to Curaçao (Gov.)
11/22/12      update to Bosnia-Hercegovina: Brcko (Mayor).
11/21/12      update to Côte d'Ivorie (PM).
11/20/12      updates to Czech reg.: Stredoceský, Ustecký (Gov.)
11/15/12      updates to China (Gen. Sec.), Russia rep.: Karachayevo-Cherkisiya (PM).
11/14/12      update to Libya (PM).
11/13/12      updates to Turks & Caicos (PM), Australia: Torres Strait Is. (Chr.)
                and Amer.Orthodox Church (Metrop.) 
11/10/12      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovina (Pres.)
11/09/12      updates to Italy reg.: Sicily (Pres.), U.S. govt.: CIA (Dir.), IRS (Com.),
                Czech reg.: Moravskoslezský (Gov.)
11/08/12      updates to INTERPOL (Pres.), Russia oblast: Moscow (Gov.)
11/06/12      updates to Russia oblast: Moscow (Gov.), Portugal reg.: Azores (PM), 
                Bulgaria: Orthodox Church (Patr.); United States election results: 
                in presidential election incumbent President Barack Obama (Dem.) 
                wins re-election with 51.1% of the vote (winning 65.9 million votes
                in 26 states & District of Columbia with a total of 332 electoral votes) 
                defeating Governor Mitt Romney (Rep.) with 47.3% of the vote (60.9
                million votes and 24 states with 206 electoral votes), and Gary Johnson
                (Libt.) 0.99%, Jill E. Stein (f)(Green) 0.36%, Virgil Goode (Constitution) 
                0.09%, Roseanne Barr (Peace & Freedom) 0.05%, Rocky Anderson (Justice) 0.03%,
                and Tom Hoefling (America's Party) 0.03%;
                   U.S. Congress: elections to all 435 seats of the House of Representatives,
                and to 33 of 100 seats in the Senate. Republicans retain their majority in 
                the House, while Democrats keep their majority in Senate. In the House
                of Rep. Republicans will have 234 seats and the Democrats 201 seats
                (previous balance was 242 Rep. vs. 193 Dem.). In the Senate it will be
                composed of 55 Democrats (incl. 2 independents caucusing with them)
                versus 45 Republicans (the previous balance was 53 Dem. vs. 47 Rep.);
           Party abbreviations: Dem = Democrat, Rep. = Republican, Grn. = Green Party,
           Const. = Constitution, Libt. = Libertarian,
Ind. = Independent;
              Governor elections: 
              - Delaware: Gov. Jack Markell (Dem.) is re-elected defeating Jeffrey E.
                Cragg (Rep.), Mark Andrew Perri (Grn.) and Jesse T. McVay (Libt.), 69.3%-
                28.6%-1.1%-0.92%;
              - Indiana: Mike Pence (Rep.) defeats John R. Gregg (Dem.) and Rupert Boneham
                (Libt.), 49.7%-46.2%-3.9%;
              - Missouri: Gov. Jay Nixon (Dem.) is re-elected over Dave Spence (Rep.) and
                Jim Higgins (Libt.), 54.6%-42.6%-2.7%;
              - Montana: Steve Bullock (Dem.) defeats Rick Hill (Rep.) and Ron Vandevender 
                (Libt.), 48.9%-47.3%-3.7%;
              - New Hampshire: Maggie Hassan (f)(Dem.) defeats Ovide Lamontagne (Rep.),
                and John Babiarz (Libt.), 54.6%-42.5%-2.7%;
              - North Carolina: Pat McCrory (Rep.) defeats Walter H. Dalton (Dem.) and 
                Barbara Howe (f)(Libt.), 54.7%-43.1%-2.13%;
              - North Dakota: Gov. Jack Dalrymple (Rep.) is re-elected over Ryan M. Taylor
                (Dem./NPL), Paul Sorum (Ind.) and Roland Clifford Riemers (Ind.), 63.1%-
                34.3%-1.6%-0.82%;
              - Utah: Gov. Gary R. Herbert (Rep.) is re-elected over Peter S. Cooke (Dem.),
                Ken Larsen (Libt.) and Kirk D. Pearson (Const.), 68.3%-27.7%-2.1%-1.7%;
              - Vermont: Gov. Peter Shumlin (Dem.) is re-elected over Randy Brock (Rep.), 
                Emily Peyton (f)(Ind.), Cris Ericson (f)(Marijuana Pty.) and Dave Eagle
                (Liberty Union), 57.8%-37.5%-1.9%-1.8%-0.44%;
              - Washington: Jay R. Inslee (Dem.) defeats Rob McKenna (Rep.), 51.2%-48.4%;
              - West Virginia: Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin (Dem.) is re-elected over Bill Maloney
                (Rep.), Jesse Johnson (Mountain Party) and David Moran (Libt.), 50.3%-45.7%-
                2.5%-1.3%; 
              - American Samoa: Lolo Matalasi Moliga (Ind.) wins 33.4% of the vote, Lt. Gov.
                 Faoa Aitofele Toese Fiti Sunia (Dem.) 33.06%, Afoa Moega Lutu (Rep.) 19.3%,
                Salu Hunkin-Finau (f)(Ind.) 6.8%, Save Liuato A. Tuitele (Ind.) 5.8% and
                Tim Jones (Ind.) 1.4%. In a 20 Nov runoff, Moliga wins 52.9% and Sunia 47.06%
              - Puerto RicoAlejandro García Padilla (Popular Democratic [PDP]) defeats
                incumbent Gov. Luis Fortuño (New Progressive [PNP]), Juan Dalmau Ramírez
                (Puerto Rican Independence [PIP]) and Rafael Bernabe Party of Working People
                [PPT]), 47.7%-47.09%-2.53%-0.96%. While a Referendum supports U.S. statehood
                over sovereign association or independence, 44.9%-24.5%-4.1% & no choice 25%;
              Mayor elections:
              - Honolulu, HI
(runoff): former acting Mayor Kirk Caldwell (Dem.) defeats
                former Gov. Ben Cayetano (Dem.), 53.3%-46.7%;
              - Portland, OR: Charlie Hailes (Dem.) defeats Jefferson Smith (Dem.),
                61.3%-31.09%;
              - Richmond, VA: Mayor Dwight C. Jones (Dem.) is re-elected over Michael K.
                Ryan, Jr. (Ind.), 71%-28%;
              - San Diego, CA
(runoff): Bob Filner (Dem.) defeats Carl DeMaio (Rep.),
                51.5%-48.4%;
              -
San Juan, PR: Carmen Yulín Cruz Soto (f)(PDP) defeats incumbent Mayor Jorge
                Santini Padilla (PNP), Luis Piñero González II (PIP) and José "Tito" Román
                Rivera (PPT), 50.5%-46.8%-1.54%-0.54%;
              Tribal nation election:
              - Northern Cheyenne (MT) (president): John Robinson defeats L. Jace Killsback,
                60.1%-39.8%;    
              - Oglala Sioux (SD)(president)(11/7/12): Bryan Brewer defeats John Yellow 
                Bird Steele, 51.5%-48.4%;
              - United Keetoowah Cherokee (OK)(principal chief)(11/5/12): George Wickliffe is
                re-elected over Donna Faye McIntosh-Schockley (f) and Dallas Proctor,
                57.66%-22.63%-19.71%
11/05/12      update to Indonesia prov.: Papua (Gov.)
11/04/12      update to Coptic Church (Pope). 
11/02/12      updates to Canada prov.: British Columbia (Lt. gov.), Czech reg.: Pardubicky
                (Gov.) 
11/01/12      update to Sweden county: Västerbotten (Gov.)
10/30/12      update to Georgia reg.: Adjaria (PM).
10/28/12      updates to Georgia reg.: Adjaria (Chrm.), Parlacen (Pres.)
10/25/12      updates to Georgia (PM), Japan pref.: Tokyo (Gov.)
10/22/12      update to Russian rep.: Bashkortostan (PM).
10/17/12      update to Somalia (PM).
10/16/12      updates to Br. Antarctic Terr. and Br. Indian Ocean Terr. (Comm.)
10/15/12      updates to African Union (Com. Chair.), Indonesia prov.: Jakarta Raya (Gov.),
                U.S. city: Juneau (Mayor).
10/13/12      update to Venezuela (VP).
10/11/12      update to Jordan (PM).
10/09/12      updates to 'Sealand' (Prince), U.S. govt.: BIA (Asst. Secy.)
10/08/12      update to Mozambique (PM)
10/06/12      update to U.S.: tribal election Fallon Paiute-Shoshone (NV)(chairman): George
                Len defeats incumbent chairman Alvin Moyle, 62.4%-36.8%
10/02/12      update to Christmas & Cocos Islands (Admin.)
10/02/12      update to U.S. mayor election: Juneau, AK: Merrill Sanford defeats 
                Cheryl Jebe (f) 55.5%-44.5%.
10/01/12      updates to San Marino (Capt. Reg.), ILO (Secy.-gen.), Mexico state: 
                Morelos (Gov.), U.S. govt.: NOAA Com. Corps (Dir.)
09/29/12      update to Curacao (PM).
09/26/12      update to Mexico state: Guanajuato (Gov.)
09/24/12      updates to Kazakhstan (PM), Sri Lanka prov.: North Central (PM).
09/19/12      update to Canada prov.: Quebec (PM).
09/18/12      updates to United Nations (Gen. Assem. Pres.), Sri Lanka prov.:
                 Eastern (PM), CPLP (Exec. Sec.)
09/17/12      updates to Dominica (Pres.), Spain region: Madrid (Pres.), U.S. govt.:
                Peace Corps (Dir.)
09/16/12      update to Somalia (Pres.)
09/07/12      update to Kosovo (KFOR Cmdr.)
09/05/12      update to Kyrgyzstan (PM).
09/04/12      updates to United Kingdom: N. Ireland and Wales (Sec.)
09/03/12      updates to Algeria (PM), French Polynesia (High Com.)
09/02/12      update to Unification Chuch.
09/01/12      updates to Kyrgyzstan (PM), EFTA (Secy.-gen.), IHO (Dir.), U.S. city election:
                     Hagåtña, Guam: Mayor John A. Cruz is re-elected unopposed with 97.96%.
08/31/12      update to Non-Aligned Movement (Chr.)
08/29/12      update to New Caledonia (Cong. Pres.)
08/28/12      update to Somalia (Pres.)
08/27/12      update to Réunion (Pref.)
08/22/12      update to Japan pref.: Yamaguchi (Pref.)
08/20/12      updates to Ethiopia (PM), Somalia (Pres.)
08/16/12      updates to Dominican Rep. (Pres.), Ethiopian Orthodox Church (Patr.)
08/14/12      updates to Somalia: Galmudug (Pres.), U.S. mayoral election: Miami-Dade, FL:
                Mayor Carlos Gimenez (Rep.) defeats Joe Martinez (Rep.), Helen Barbary
                Williams (f) (Ind.) and Denny Wood (Ind.) 54.2%-30.7%-6.3%-2.9%
08/13/12      update to ECO (Secy.-gen.)
08/11/12      update to Syria (PM).
08/10/12      updates to Libya (Pres.), Mongolia (PM), OECS (Spkr.)
08/06/12      update to Syria (PM).
08/03/12      update to Guadeloupe (Region Pres.)
08/02/12      update to Egypt (PM).
07/31/12      update to Latin Union (Secy.-gen.)
07/27/12      update to Serbia (PM).
07/25/12      updates to India (Pres.), Andean Com. (Parl. Pres.), China prov.: Beijing
                (Mayor).
07/24/12      updates to Albania (Pres.), Ghana (Pres.)
07/23/12      updates to Peru (PM) and Togo (PM).
07/21/12      update to Mauritius (Pres.)
07/12/12      updates to Indian Ocean Com. (Secy.-gen.), India state: Karnataka (CM).
07/10/12      updates to Romania (acting Pres.), France reg.: Bretagne (Pres.)
07/09/12      updates to OSCE (Assm. Pres.), U.S. govt.: NRC (Chair.), Amer.Orthodox Church.
07/04/12      update to Georgia (PM).
07/03/12      update to EBRD (Pres.)
07/02/12      update to ACTO (Secy.-gen.)
07/01/12      updates to China: Hong Kong (Chf. Ex.), World Bank (Pres.), Red Cross (Pres.)
                BSEC (Secy.-gen.), Palau state: Kayangel (Gov.), Swiss cantons: Basel-Land,
                Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz, Vaud and South Korea prov.: Sejong (Mayor).
06/30/12      update to Egypt (Pres.)
06/29/12      update to Guantanamo Bay Base (U.S. Cmdr.)
06/28/12      update to Armenia prov.: Gegharkunik (Gov.) 
06/23/12      update to Syria (PM).
06/22/12      updates to Paraguay (Pres.), Pakistan (PM), Serbia: Vojvodina (Pres.), 
                Armenia prov.: Vayots Dzor (Gov.) 
06/20/12      updates to Greece (PM), Canada prov.: Nunatsiavut (Pres.) and U.S. govt.:
                Commerce Dept. (Secy.)
06/15/12      update to Mali: Azawad (Pres.)
06/12/12      updates to Germany state: Schleswig-Holstein (PM), UNASUR (Secy.-gen.)
06/08/12      update to Lesotho (PM).
06/05/12      updates to EAC (Spkr.), U.S. elections: Wisconsin governor recall: Gov. Scott
                Walker (Rep.) defeats Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett (Dem.) and Hari Trivedi
                (Ind.), 53.2%-46.3%-0.6%; Fresno, CA: Mayor Ashley Swearengin (f)(Rep.)
                defeats Barbara Ann Hunt (f)(Dem.), Joe Garcia (Rep.), Rick Morse (Rep.)
                and John Worona (Rep.) 75%-8.6%-7.1%-4.54%-4.3%; Sacramento, CA: Mayor
                Kevin Johnson (Dem.) defeats Jonathan Michael Rewers (Ind.), Leonard Padilla
                (Ind.), Richard L. Jones (Ind.) 58.4%-23.9%-13.7%-3.9%.
06/04/12      update to Swiss canton: Bern
06/01/12      updates to Barbados (Gov.-gen.), Swiss cantons: Neuchatel, St. Gallen,
                Thurgau and Uri
05/31/12      updates to Serbia (Pres,), U.S. govt.: BLM (Dir.)
05/30/12      updates to Danube Comm. (Pres.), Russia rep.: Omsk (Gov.)
05/29/12      update U.S. govt.: NOAA NWS (Dir.)
05/28/12      update to Russia rep.: Leningrad (Gov)
05/26/12      update to Spain reg.: Asturias (Pres.)
05/24/12      updates to DLU (Secy.-gen.), Russia rep.: North Ossetia-Alania (PM), Chechnya
                (PM).
05/23/12      update to Bermuda (Gov.)
05/22/12      updates to Russia rep.: Karelia (Pres.), Chechnya (PM), Congo (Kinshasa)
                prov.: Bandundu (Gov.), U.S. gov.: Army Corps. Eng. (Chf.) 
05/21/12      updates to Equatorial Guinea (PM), Andorra (Fr. Rep.), Russia rep.: Mordovia
               (PM).
05/20/12      update to East Timor (Pres.)
05/18/12      updates to Bermuda (Gov.), Russia admin.: Irkutsk (Gov.)
05/17/12      update to Papua New Guinea new provinces: Hela, Jiwaka.
05/16/12      updates to France (PM), Greece (PM), Guinea-Bissau (PM), Haiti (PM), 
                Czech Rep. reg.: Stredocesky(Gov.) 
05/15/12      updates to France (Pres.), India state: Uttarakhand (Gov.)
05/14/12      update to Russia admin.: Sverdlovsk (Gov.)
05/12/12      updates to India state: Rajasthan (Gov.); U.S. mayoral election: Austin, TX:
                Mayor Lee Leffingwell (Dem.) defeats Brigid Shea (f)(Ind.), Clay Dafoe (Ind.)
                52.1%-37.1%-10.9%
05/11/12      updates to Guinea-Bissau (Pres.), Russia admin.: Moscow (Gov.)
05/10/12      updates to Hungary (Pres.), Russia admin.: Mordovia (Pres.), Samara (Gov.)
05/08/12      updates to The Bahamas (PM), Russia (PM).
05/07/12      updates to Russia (Pres., PM), Romania (PM).
05/06/12      update to Swiss canton: Glarus.
05/04/12      updates to India state: Goa (Gov.), Nicaragua regions: North & South (Gov.)
05/02/12      updates to Jordan (PM), Russia admin: Stavropol (Gov.)
05/01/12      updates to Guernsey (CM), Swiss cantons: Valais & Zurich; and PCA (Secy.-gen.)
04/29/12      update to Swiss canton: Appenzell-Innerrhoden.
04/28/12      updates to Russia admin.: Perm, Yaroslavl (Gov.) 
04/27/12      updates to U.S. govt.: BIA (Asst. Secy.), Palau state: Sonsorol (Gov.)
04/26/12      update to Georgia: South Ossetia (PM). 
04/23/12      update to Uganda kingdom: Bunyoro-Kitara (PM).
04/20/12      update to Russia admin.: Smolensk (Gov.) 
04/19/12      update to Georgia: South Ossetia (Pres.) 
04/18/12      update to Congo (Kinshasa)(PM).
04/17/12      update to Mali (PM).
04/13/12      update to Russia admin.: Kostroma (Gov.) 
04/12/12      updates to Mali (Pres.), Guinea-Bissau (Pres., PM), Canada prov.: Nova Scotia 
                (Lt. Gov.) and ACS (Secy.-gen.)
04/11/12      update to North Korea (First Secy.)
04/10/12      update to French Southern Antarctic Lands (Admin.-Sup.)
04/09/12      update to U.S. govt.: Comptroller of Currency.
04/07/12      update to Malawi (Pres.)
04/06/12      update to Mali: Azawad declares independence.
04/05/12      updates to Serbia (Pres.), Senegal (PM), Malawi (Pres.), Iraq: Kurdish Region
               (PM) and WFP (Exec Dir.)
04/04/12      updates to Slovakia (PM), Russia prov.: Murmansk (Gov.)
04/03/12      updates to Swiss canton: Ticino, and U.S. cities mayoral elections:
                Anchorage, AK: Mayor Dan Sullivan (Rep.) defeats Paul Honeman (Dem.)
                59.3%-38.2%; Milwaukee, WI: Mayor Tom Barrett (Dem.) defeats Edward McDonald
                (Ind.) 70.4%-28.9%; and Orlando, FL: Mayor Buddy Dyer (Dem.) defeats
                Phil Diamond (Ind.), Ken Mulvaney (Rep.) and Mike Cantone (Ind.)
                57.8%-27.9%-11.3%-3.12%
04/02/12      updates to Hungary (Pres.), Senegal (Pres.), U.S. govt.: GSA (Admin.),
                and Nigeria state: Kebbi (Gov.), Zambia: Bemba (Chf.)
04/01/12      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.), Saint-Martin (Council Pres.), 
                Council of Europe (Rights Com.), Norfolk Island (Admin.)
03/31/12      update to Mauritius (Pres.)
03/28/12      update to Madagascar reg.: Vatovavy Fitovinany (Chf.)
03/24/12      update to Norway: Jan Mayen (Cmdr.)
03/23/12      updates to Moldova (Pres.), Guernsey (Blf.), Russia admin.: Saratov (Gov.)
03/22/12      updates to Mali (Pres., PM), Canada prov.: Saskatchewan (Lt.-gov.)
03/18/12      updates to Germany (Pres.) and Tonga (King).    
03/17/12      updates to Coptic Church (Pope), Russia admin.: Tomsk (Gov.)
03/15/12      update to India state: Uttar Pradesh (PM).
03/13/12      updates to Côte d'Ivoire (PM), India state: Uttarakhand (PM).
03/12/12      update to SAARC (Secy.-gen.)
03/10/12      update to Bosnia-Hercegovina (Pres.)
03/09/12      update to India state: Goa (PM).
03/06/12      update to Congo (Kinshasa)(PM).
03/01/12      updates to Finland (Pres.), Bonaire (Lt. Gov.), ECOWAS (Pres.)
                and Buddhist Mongolia.
02/28/12      updates to Nigeria state: Cross River (Gov.), Russia admin.: Primorsky (Gov.)
                and ECCAS (Secy.-gen.)
02/27/12      update to Gabon (PM).
02/25/12      update to Yemen (Pres.)
02/24/12      update to Nigeria state: Kebbi (Gov.)
02/22/12      update to Nigeria state: Sokoto (Gov.)
02/17/12      updates to Germany (Pres.), ECOWAS (Chr.)
02/15/12      update to Mexico state: Michoacán (Gov.)
02/14/12      update to Nigeria state: Bayelsa (Gov.)
02/13/12      update to Mauritius: Rodrigues (Chief Exec.)
02/12/12      update to Nigeria state: Adamawa (Gov.)
02/11/12      update to Mauritius: Rodrigues (Chief Com.)
02/10/12      updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), Slovenia (PM).
02/09/12      update to Romania (PM).
02/08/12      update to Indonesia prov.: Aceh (Gov.)
02/07/12      update to Maldives (Pres.)
02/06/12      updates to Romania (PM), Taiwan (PM), and ICJ (Pres.) 
02/01/12      updates to Falkland Islands (CE), Sweden county: Stockholm (Gov.), Kosovo 
                (EU envoy).
01/30/12      update to African Union (Comm. Chair.)
01/28/12      updates to Nigeria state: Sokoto (Gov.), UNIFIL (Comd.)
01/27/12      updates to U.S. govt: (Chief of Staff), Nigeria states: Adamawa, Bayelsa, Cross
                River, Kogi (Gov.)
01/26/12      update to Indian state: Kerala (Gov.)
01/22/12      updates to Bulgaria (Pres.), SAARC (Secy.-gen.)
01/19/12      update to Byzantine Church in America (Metrp.)
01/18/12      update to Moldova: Transdniester (PM).
01/17/12      updates to European Parl. (Pers.), Russia admin.: Volgograd (Gov.), Indonesia
                prov.: Papua Barat (Gov.)
01/16/12      update to Indonesia prov.: Gorontalo (Gov.)
01/14/12      update to Guatemala (Pres.)
01/13/12      update to Russia admin.: Arkhangelsk (Gov.)
01/12/12      update to Bosnia-Hercegovina (PM).
01/11/12      updates to Sudan states: Central Darfur, Eastern Darfur, Southern Darfur,
                and Western Darfur (Gov.)
01/10/12      updates to Marshall Islands (Pres.), U.S. state: Mississippi (Gov.)
01/09/12      update to Guinea-Bissau (Pres.)
01/05/12      update to Jamaica (PM).
01/03/12      updates to U.S. cities: Phoenix, AZ and Savannah, GA (Mayor).
01/01/12      updates to Switzerland (Pres.), Swiss cantons: Fribourg, Graubünden, Jura,
                Lucerne, Schaffhausen, Solothurn; Argentina prov: Rio Negro (Gov.); FAO
                (Secy.-gen.); OSCE (Chr.); Nordic Council (Pres.); EU: EIB (Pres.);
                IMO (Secy.-gen.); MERCOSUR (Dir.); National Council of Churches (Pres.,
                Gen.-Secy.) and Bonaire (Lt. Gov.), U.S. govt.: USPTO (Dir.).

  Additions to WorldStatesmen.org in 2012 


11/01/12      added Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
10/28/12      expanded Vanuatu with 1887-1906 U.K. & French Naval Commissioners.
10/01/12      added France's Hauteville House under Guernsey.
09/26/12      update to Albania: Saseno Island.
07/19/12      added Verapaz Belgian concession 1843-54 under Guatemala.
07/08/12      added 1873 Cantonal Revolution under Spain.
06/20/12      added Carlist governments to Spain.
06/17/12      added Pious Establishments of France in Rome and French Domain in the 
                Holy Land.
01/16/12      added Chatham Islands to New Zealand.
09/01/12      added Goa Dependencies page under Portuguese India.

        New Polities and International Organizations in 2012


07/01/12      update to South Korea: Sejong special autonomous city created.
05/17/12      update to Papua New Guinea new provinces: Hela, Jiwaka.
04/06/12      added Azawad under Mali.
01/10/12      update to The Sudan new states: Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur.


        New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies in 2012


12/25/12      update to Egypt (new constitution).
10/15/12      update to Turks and Caicos (new constitution).
09/03/12      update to British Virgin Is. (local anthem).
08/01/12      update to Somalia (new constitution, anthem, country name).
05/28/12      update to Malawi (flag).
05/01/12      update to Belarus (flag).
04/25/12      update to St. Barthélemy (local holiday, moved to 9 Oct [1847]
                from 27 May [1848]).
03/22/12      update to to Mali (constitution suspended until 1 Apr 2012).
03/01/12      update to Tokelau (anthem).
02/27/12      update to Syria (new constitution).
02/07/12      update to Peru reg.: Puno (flag).
01/01/12      update to Hungary (constitution). 

 International Organization Membership Updates in 2012

12/31/12      Lithuania & U.K. withdraw from UNIDO.
12/22/12      Latvia withdraws from UNWTO.
12/17/12      Kosovo the 66th member of EBRD.
12/15/12      Canada withdraws from UNFCC-Kyoto Protocol.
12/14/12      South Sudan the 185th member of WMO.
12/05/12      Estonia the 169th member of IFAD.
11/29/12      Myanmar & Papua New Guinea the 148th & 149th members of IOM.
11/27/12      St. Vincent the 147th member of IOM.
11/21/12      Mongolia the 57th member of OSCE.
11/21/12      Uganda the 51st member of ISESCO.
11/09/12      Trinidad & Tobago the 158th member of IAEA.
11/02/12      Fiji the 157th member of IAEA.
11/01/12      Togo the 156th member of IAEA.
10/13/12      Armenia the 54th member & Qatar an associate of OIF.
10/04/12      Somalia the 179th member of WCO.
09/24/12      Ecuador & Swaziland the 163rd & 164th members of ISA
09/22/12      Tuvalu the 184th member of WMO.
09/07/12      Bulgaria withdraws from the ITSO.
09/04/12      Rwanda the 155th member of IAEA. 
08/24/12      Vanuatu the 157th member of WTO.
08/22/12      Russia the 156th member of WTO.
07/31/12      Venezuela the 5th member of Mercosur. 
07/18/12      South Sudan the 178th member of WCO.
07/07/12      Lezgin admitted to UNPO.
07/01/12      Guatemala the 121st member of ICCt. 
06/21/12      Uzbekistan withdraws from the CSTO.
06/01/12      Myanmar rejoins the UNWTO
05/29/12      Palau the 185th member of ILO.
05/12/12      Canada withdraws from the UNWTO
05/10/12      Samoa the 155th member of WTO
04/29/12      Montenegro the 154th member of WTO
04/25/12      Saudi Arabia the 27th member of Colombo Plan.
04/24/12      Somalia the 26th member of Intersputnik.
04/20/12      Cameroon the 81st member of IHO.
04/18/12      South Sudan the 188th member of IMF and World Bank (IBRD).
04/13/12      South Sudan the 184th member of ILO.
04/09/12      Niue the 158th ratification of CTBT.
04/05/12      South Sudan and Myanmar join the IPU.
04/04/12      Papua New Guinea the 154th member of IAEA.
03/02/12      Vanuatu the 185th member of WIPO.      
03/01/12      Pakistan the 50th signatory to Antarctic Treaty.
02/22/12      South Sudan the 168th member of IFAD.
02/26/12      Bangladesh the 115th member of PCA.
02/17/12      Dominica the 153rd member of IAEA.
02/10/12      South Sudan the 8th member of IGAD.
02/06/12      Indonesia the 157th ratification of CTBT.
02/01/12      Vanuatu the 120th member of ICCt. 
01/12/12      Guatemala the 156th ratification of CTBT.
              and Luxembourg the 25th member of UNRWA.
01/01/12      Cape Verde the 119th member of ICCt.

  Major International & U.S. Elections in 2012


Date


Location


Election Type

 3 Jan 2012
Marshall Islands
president (indirect)
 3-4 Jan 2012
Egypt
parliament
10-11 Jan 2012
Egypt
parliament
13 Jan 2012
Kiribati
president
14 Jan 2014
Republic of China (Taiwan)
president, parliament
15 Jan 2012
Kazakhstan
parliament
15 Jan 2012
Moldova
president (indirect)
(2nd round)
22 Jan 2012
Croatia
EU membership
referendum
22 Jan 2012
Finland
president
(1st round)
29 Jan 2012
Cambodia
senate (indirect)
29-30 Jan 2012
Egypt
senate
30 Jan 2012
African Union
commission chair
(internal)(1st try)
 2 Feb 2012
Kuwait
parliament
 5 Feb 2012
Finland
president (runoff)
 5 Feb 2012
Rodrigues Island
(Mauritius)

assembly
12 Feb 2012
Turkmenistan
president
15 Feb 2012
Egypt
senate
14-15 Feb 2012
(North) Kosovo
Serb referendum
on state bodies

18 Feb 2012
Latvia
constitutional
referendum
19-21 Feb 2012
Western Sahara
(Morocco)
SADR national
council

21 Feb 2012
Yemen
president
26 Feb 2012
Senegal
president
(1st round)
26 Feb 2012 Syria
new constitution referendum
 2 Mar 2012
Iran
parliament
 2 Mar 2012
Pakistan
senate (indirect)
 4 Mar 2012
Russia
president
 7 Mar 2012
Belize
parliament
10 Mar 2012
Abkhazia (Georgia)
parliament
10 Mar 2012
Slovakia
parliament
11 Mar 2012
El Salvador
parliament
11 Mar 2012 Switzerland
referendums
16 Mar 2012
Moldova
president (indirect)
(3rd round)
17 Mar 2012
Timor-Leste
(East Timor)
president
(1st round)
18 Mar 2012
Germany
president
(by parliament
)
18 Mar 2012
Guinea-Bissau
president
(1st round)
(result annulled)
18 Mar 2012 St. Barthélemy (Fr.)
territory council
18+25 Mar 2012 St. Martin (Fr.)
territory council
18 Mar 2012 St. Pierre and
Miquelon (Fr.)
general council
20 Mar 2012 Mayotte (Fr.)
general council
25 Mar 2012
Hong Kong (China)
chief executive
(indirect)

25 Mar 2012
Senegal
president (runoff)
25 Mar 2012 South Ossetia (Georgia)
president
(1st round)

25 Mar 2012
Wallis and
Futuna(Fr.)

parliament
29 Mar 2012
The Gambia
parliament
 1 Apr 2012
Myanmar
parliament (runoff)
 1 Apr 2012
San Marino
captains-regent
(indirect)
 3 Apr 2012
Anchorage, AK (US)
mayor
 3 Apr 2012
Milwaukee, WI (US)
mayor
 3 Apr 2012
Orlando, FL (US)
mayor
 8 Apr 2012
South Ossetia (Georgia)
president (runoff)
11 Apr 2012
South Korea
parliament
18 Apr 2012
Guernsey (UK)
parliament
16 Apr 2012 Timor-Leste
president (runoff)
22 Apr 2012
France
president
(1st round)
29 Apr 2012
Guinea-Bissau
president (runoff)
(cancelled)
29 Apr 2012
Mali
president
(cancelled)
 2 May 2012
Hungary
president
(by parliament)
 6 May 2012
Armenia
parliament
 6 May 2012 France
president (runoff)
 6 May 2012 Greece
parliament
 6 May 2012 Serbia
president
(1st round)
 6 May 2012 Vojvodina (Serbia)
parliament
 7 May 2012
The Bahamas
parliament
 7 May 2012 Syria
parliament
10 May 2012
Algeria
parliament
20 May 2012
Dominican Rep.
president
20 May 2012 Serbia
president (runoff)
23-24 May 2012
Egypt
president
(1st round)
26 May 2013
Lesotho
parliament
31 May 2012
Ireland
constitutional
referendum
 5 Jun 2012
Fresno, CA (US)
mayor
 5 Jun 2012
Sacramento, CA (US)
mayor
 5 Jun 2012
Wisconsin (US)
governor (recall)
10 Jun 2012
France
parliament
10 Jun 2012
Mayotte (Fr.)
parliament
11 Jun 2012
Albania president (indirect)
(4th round)
16-17 Jun 2012
Egypt
president (runoff)
17 Jun 2012
Greece
parliament
17 Jun 2012
Switzerland
referendums
23 Jun 2012
Papua New Guinea
parliament
28 Jun 2012
Mongolia
parliament
30 Jun 2012
Iceland
president
 1 Jul 2012
Liechtenstein
constitutional
referendum
1 & 22 Jul 2012
Mali
parliament
(cancelled)
 1 Jul 2012 Mexico
president,
parliament
 1 Jul 2012 Senegal
parliament
 7 Jul 2012
Timor-Leste
(East Timor)
parliament
 7 Jul 2012
Libya
constituent assembly
15 Jul 2012 Congo (Brazzaville)
parliament
15 Jul 2012 African Union
commission chair
(internal)(2nd try)
18 Jul 2012 Cayman Islands (UK)
electoral referendum
19 Jul 2012
India
president (indirect)
19 Jul 2012 Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan)
president
20 Jul 2012
Mauritius
president
(by parliament)
20 Jul 2012
Samoa
head of state
(by parliament)
29 Jul 2012
Romania
referendum on
impeachment of

president
 1 Aug 2012
Galmudug (Somalia)
president
(by parliament)
 9 Aug 2012
Libya
head of state
(by parliament)
14 Aug 2012
Miami-Dade, FL (US)
mayor
18-20 Aug 2012
Somalia
parliament
(indirect)
19 Aug 2012
Puerto Rico
constitutional
referendum
31 Aug 2012
Angola
parliament,
president (indirect)
 1 Sep 2012
Hagåtña, Guam (US)
mayor
 9 Sep 2012
Gagauzia (Moldova)
legislature
 9 Sep 2012
Hong Kong (China)
legislative council
(indirect)

10 Sep 2012
Somalia
president
(by parliament)
12 Sep 2012
The Netherlands
parliament
23 Sep 2012
Belarus
parliament
 1 Oct 2012
Georgia
parliament
 1 Oct 2012
San Marino
captains-regent
(
by parliament)
 7 Oct 2012
Brčko District
(
Bosnia-Hercegovina)
city assembly
 7 Oct 2012
Venezuela
president
12-13 Oct 2012
Czech Republic
senate
14 Oct 2012
Lithuania
parliament
14 Oct 2012
Lithuania
referendum on
nuclear power

14 Oct 2012
Montenegro
parliament
19 Oct 2012
Curaçao (Neth.)
parliament
20 Oct 2012
Iceland
constitutional
referendum
28 Oct 2012
Ukraine
parliament
30 Oct 2012
Vanuatu
parliament
 6 Nov 2012 Northern Mariana
Islands (US)

congress, constitutional
referendum
 6 Nov 2012 Palau
president,
parliament

 6 Nov 2012 American Samoa (US)
governor, congress
 6 Nov 2012 Guam (US)
congress
 6 Nov 2012 Puerto Rico (US)
governor, congress
 6 Nov 2012 Puerto Rico (US)
constitutional &
status referendums
 6 Nov 2012 United States
congress, senate
 6 Nov 2012 Virgin Islands (US)
parliament
 6 Nov 2012 Delaware (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
Indiana (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
Missouri (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
Montana (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
New Hampshire (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
North Carolina (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
North Dakota (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
Utah (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
Vermont (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
Washington (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
West Virginia (US)
governor
 6 Nov 2012
Honolulu, HI (US
mayor
 6 Nov 2012
Portland, OR (US)
mayor
 6 Nov 2012
Richmond, VA (US)
mayor
 6 Nov 2012
San Diego, CA (US)
mayor
 6 Nov 2012
San Juan, PR (US)
mayor
 9 Nov 2012
Turks & Caicos (UK)
parliament
11 Nov 2012
Slovenia
president
(1st round)
11 Nov 2012
San Marino
parliament
15 Nov 2012
China
politburo
17 Nov 2012
Alderney (Guernsey)
(UK)
parliament
17 Nov 2012
Sierra Leone
president,
parliament
24 Nov 2012
Brčko District
(
Bosnia-Hercegovina)
mayor
(by city assembly
)
 1 Dec 2012
Kuwait
parliament
 2 Dec 2012
Burkina Faso
parliament
 2 Dec 2012
Slovenia
president (runoff)
 5 Dec 2012 Switzerland
president
(by parliament)
 7-8 Dec 2012
Ghana
president
 9 Dec 2012
Romania
parliament
15 & 22 Dec 212
Egypt
new constitution referendum
16 Dec 2012
Japan
parliament
17 Dec 2012
Bermuda
parliament
19 Dec 2012
South Korea
president




Sources: Herrera Electoral Calendar, IFES Election Guide, and IPU .


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© Ben M. Cahoon