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Norfolk Island 
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
                           1788 - 3 Sep 1901 

[Australian
                                    flag]
                         Adopted 3 Sep 1901 
 
[Norfolk
                                    Island]
                 Local Flag Adopted 17 Jan 1980
 
Map of Norfolk Island
Hear National Anthem
 "God Save the Queen" 
Hear Local Anthem
"Come Ye Blessed"
("Pitcairn Anthem")
Norfolk Island Act
(30 May 1979/18 Jun 2015)
Capital: Kingston 
Currency: Australian Dollar
(AUD)
National Holiday: 26 Jan (1788)
Australia Day
---------------------------------------
Local Holidays: 8 Jun (1856)
  Bounty Anniversary Day
-----------------------
6 Mar (1788)
Norfolk Island Foundation Day 
Population: 2,210 (2014)
GDP: $N/A 
Exports: $1.5 million (FY1991/92)
Imports: $17.9 million (FY1991/92)
Ethnic groups: Australian 79.5%, New Zealander 13.3%,
Fijian 2.5%, Filipino 1.1%, English 1%, other 1.8%,
unspecified 0.8% (2011)
Total Police Force: 13 (2002)
Defense is the Responsibility of Australia
Merchant marine: None (2016) 
Religions: Protestant 49.6% (Anglican 31.8%, Uniting Church in
 Australia 10.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.2%), Roman Catholic
 11.7%, other 8.6%, none 23.5%, unspecified 6.6% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: UPU, WMO
Norfolk Island
Chronology

10 Oct 1774                Re-discovered by Cdr. James Cook on HMS Resolution,
                             and named
Norfolk Isle for Mary Howard, Duchess
                             of Norfolk. 

 6 Mar 1788                U.K. penal station is established on Norfolk Isle,
 6 Mar 1788 - 28 Sep 1844  Administered as part of New South Wales.

28 Feb 1814 -  6 Jun 1825  Abandoned.
29 Sep 1844 - 31 Oct 1856  Part of Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania).
 5 May 1855                Penal station definitely closed, with Norfolk to be
                             resettled from P
itcairn.
 8 Jun 1856                194 Pitcairn islanders resettled on Norfolk.
 1 Nov 1856                Separate territory; Governor of New South Wales to
                             be Governor of N
orfolk.
30 Oct 1857 - 1897         Executive Government vested in a Chief Magistrate,
                             to be
elected annually.
19 Mar 1897               
Affairs of Norfolk Island to be administered by
                             Governor of New South Wales. 
 
3 Jul
1903                Council of Elders reorganized as elective Executive
                             Council.

19 Dec 1913                Norfolk accepted as a territory of Australia
                            (by Norfolk Island Act 1913), effective 1 Jul 1914.
 1 Jul 1914                Norfolk
placed under the authority of Australia as
                             Norfolk Island.
21 Jun 1935                Executive Council replaced by an Advisory Council
                             for Norfolk Island.

 7 Apr 1960                Advisory Council reorganized as the Norfolk Island
                             Council.
 7 Aug 1979                Autonomous (administration re-organized and the
                             Executive Council is re-established).
11 Dec 2010                Office of Chief Minister formalized.
 8 May 2015                Referendum 68% vote to freely determine political
                             status of the island
(not recognized by Australia)
18 Jun 2015                Autonomy abolished, administration reorganized.
 1 Jul 2016                New South Wales law made applicable, but in
                             reference to responsible Australian Minister, not
                            
New South Wales Minister/Government.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Lieutenant governors
 6 Mar 1788 - 24 Mar 1790  Philip Gidley King (1st time)      (b. 1758 - d. 1808)
24 Mar 1790 -  4 Nov 1791  Robert Ross (acting)               (b. 1740? - d. 1794)
 4 Nov 1791 - 22 Oct 1796  Philip Gidley King (2nd time)      (s.a.)
22 Oct 1796 - 12 Nov 1799  John Townson (acting)              (b. 1759 - d. 1835)
12 Nov 1799 - 26 Jul 1800  Thomas Rowley (acting)             (b. 1747 - d. 1806)
26 Jul 1800 -  9 Sep 1804  Joseph Foveaux                     (b. 1767 - d. 1846)
29 Sep 1803 - 15 Jan 1804  .... (acting for Foveaux)
Commandants
 9 Sep 1804 - 10 Apr 1810  John Piper                         (b. 1773 - d. 1851)

25 Jan 1810 - 18 Feb 1813  Tankerville Alexander Crane        (b. 17.. - d. 1815)
18 Feb 1813 - 28 Feb 1814  William Hutchinson (acting)        (b. 1772 - d. 1846)
28 Feb 1814 -  6 Jun 1825  Vacant
 6 Jun 1825 - 17 Mar 1826  Richard Turton                     (b. 1786? - d. 1835)
17 Mar 1826 - 19 Aug 1827  Vance Young Donaldson              (b. 1791 - d. 1861)
19 Aug 1827 - 26 Nov 1828  Thomas Wright                      (b. 1794 - d. 1864)
26 Nov 1828 - 17 Feb 1829  Robert Hunt                        (b. 178. - d. 185.)
17 Feb 1829 - 29 Jun 1829  Joseph Wakefield                   (b. 179. - d. 1840)
29 Jun 1829 - 17 Apr 1834  James Thomas Morisset              (b. 1780 - d. 1852)
 1 Jan 1834 - 14 Apr 1834  Foster Fyans (acting)              (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
17 Apr 1834 -  3 Apr 1839  Joseph Anderson                    (b. 1790 - d. 1877)
 3 Apr 1839 - Nov 1839     Thomas Bunbury                     (b. 1791 - d. 1862)
Nov 1839 - 28 Mar 1840     Thomas Ryan                        (b. c.1790 - d. 1846)
Superintendents
28 Mar 1840 -  7 Feb 1844  Alexander Maconochie               (b. 1787 - d. 1860)

 7 Feb 1844 -  5 Aug 1846  Joseph Childs                      (b. 1786 - d. 1870)
 6 Aug 1846 - 18 Jan 1853  John Giles Price                   (b. 1808 - d. 1857)
18 Jan 1853 - Sep 1853     Rupert Barber Deering              (b. 1816 - d. 1891)
Sep 1853 -  5 May 1855     Henry James Day                    (b. 1803 - d. 1882?)
 5 May 1855 -  8 Jun 1856  Thomas Samuel Stewart (acting)     (b. 1818 - d. 1892) 
Governors
31 Oct 1856 - 30 Jun 1914  the governors of New South Wales
Chief Magistrates

 8 Jun 1856 - 31 Dec 1857  George Martin Frederick Young      (b. 1822 - d. 1899)
                             (1st time)
 1 Jan 1858 - 31 Dec 1858  Isaac Christian                    (b. 1825 - d. 1877)
 1 Jan 1859 - 31 Dec 1859  George Martin Frederick Young      (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Jan 1860 - 31 Dec 1861  Thomas Buffett                     (b. 1825 - d. 1900)

 1 Jan 1862 - 31 Dec 1865  Arthur Quintal II (1st time)       (b. 1816 - d. 1902)
 1 Jan 1866 - 31 Dec 1866  William Quintal (1st time)         (b. 1817 - d. 1905)
 1 Jan 1867 - 31 Dec 1870  John Buffett (1st time)            (b. 1826 - d. 1906)
 1 Jan 1871 - 31 Dec 1871  David Buffett                      (b. 1826 - d. 1924)
 1 Jan 1872 - 31 Dec 1873  William Quintal (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1874 - 31 Dec 1875  Fletcher Christian Nobbs           (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
 1 Jan 1876 - 31 Dec 1880  Francis Mason Nobbs (1st time)     (b. 1835 - d. 1909)
 1 Jan 1881 - 31 Dec 1882  John Buffett (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1883 - 31 Dec 1884  Francis Mason Nobbs (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1885 - 31 Dec 1885  Arthur Quintal II (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1886 - 31 Dec 1887  Stephen Christian (1st time)       (b. 1843 - d. 1918)
 1 Jan 1888 - 31 Dec 1888  Henry Seymour Buffett              (b. 1847 - d. 1931)
 1 Jan 1889 - 31 Dec 1890  Stephen Christian (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1891 - 31 Dec 1892  Byron Stanley Mitchell Adams       (b. 1847 - d. 1902)
                             (1st time) 
 1 Jan 1893 - 31 Dec 1893  Stephen Christian (3rd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1894 - 31 Dec 1894  Francis Mason Nobbs (3rd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1895 - 14 Nov 1896  Byron Stanley Mitchell Adams       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
14 Nov 1896 - Dec 1898     Warner Wright Spalding             (b. 1844 - d. 1920)
Dec 1898 -  8 Apr 1899     Peter Herbert Metcalfe (1st time)  (b. 1854 - d. 1913)
                             (acting)
 8 Apr 1899 - Jul 1903     Charles McArthur King              (b. 1824 - d. 1903)

Jul 1903 - 10 Mar 1904     Peter Herbert Metcalfe (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (acting)
10 Mar 1904 -  7 Mar 1907  Walton Drake                       (b. 1850 - d. 1940)

 1 Feb 1907 -  9 Sep 1913  Charles Sinclair Elliot            (b. 1853 - d. 1915)
Administrator and Chief Magistrate
 
9 Sep 1913 - 30 Jun 1914  Michael Vincent Murphy             (b. 1859 - d. 1935)
Administrators
 1 Jul 1914 - Feb 1920     Michael Vincent Murphy (1st time)  (s.a.)
Feb 1920 - 31 Aug 1920     Alexander Stoney Patton (acting)   (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
 1 Sep 1920 - 30 Apr 1924  John William Parnell               (b. 1860 - d. 1931) 
Jan 1924 - 30 Jun 1924     ....
                             (acting [for Parnell to 30 Apr 1924])
Administrators and Chief Magistrates
 1 Jul 1924 - 24 Jul 1926  Edwin Thomas Leane                 (b. 1867 - d. 1928)

24 Jul 1926 - 12 Aug 1926  Henry Stephenson Edgar (1st time)  (b. 1848? - d. 1937)
                             (acting)
12 Aug 1926 - 31 Jan 1927  Michael Vincent Murphy (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 1 Feb 1927 - 25 Jan 1928  Victor Conradsdorf Morisset        (b. 1866 - d. 1928)
                             Sellheim
25 Jan 1928 -  6 Jun 1928  Henry Stephenson Edgar (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 6 Jun 1928 - 13 Dec 1928  Charles Edward Herbert             (b. 1860 - d. 1929)
13 Dec 1928 - 30 Apr 1929  Henry Stephenson Edgar (3rd time)  (s.a.)
                             (acting) 
 1 May 1929 - 30 Jun 1932  Alfred Joshua Bennett              (b. 1865 - d. 1946)

 1 Jul 1932 - 24 Dec 1936  Charles Robert Pinney              (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
Administrators
24 Dec 1936 -  4 Nov 1937  Charles Robert Pinney              (s.a.)

 4 Nov 1937 - 31 Dec 1945  Sir Charles Rosenthal              (b. 1875 - d. 1954)
 1 Jan 1946 - 31 Dec 1952  Alexander Wilson                   (b. 1889 - d. 1954)
 1 Jan 1953 - 30 Apr 1958  Colin Hugh Boyd Norman             (b. 1904 - d. 1996)
 1 May 1958 - 30 Apr 1962  Reginald Sylvester Leydin          (b. 1905 - d. 199.)
23 Sep 1961 - 21 Oct 1961  Frederick William McConaghy        (b. 1919 - d. 19..)
                             (acting for Leydin)
 1 May 1962 -  8 Jun 1962  Frederick William McConaghy        (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 9 Jun 1962 - 15 Aug 1964  Robert Hurley Wordsworth           (b. 1894 - d. 1984)
16 Aug 1964 - 29 Oct 1964  James Francis Donovan (acting)     (b. 1923 - d. 1987)
30 Oct 1964 -  2 Jun 1966  Roger Bede Nott                    (b. 1908 - d. 2000)
 
3 Jun 1966 -  6 Jun 1968  Reginald Marsh                     (b. 1906 - d. 2005)
 
7 Jun 1968 -  5 Jul 1968  John Geoffrey Cowap (acting)       (b. 1930)    
 
5 Jul 1968 - 13 Aug 1972  Robert Nixon Dalkin                (b. 1914 - d. 1991)
14 Aug 1972 - 31 Aug 1975  Edward Thomas Pickerd (1st time)   (b. 1917 - d. 2012)
 1 Sep 1975 - 31 May 1976  Charles Ivens Buffett (acting)     (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
 1 Jun 1976 -  4 Sep 1976  Edward Thomas Pickerd (2nd time)   (s.a.) 
                             (acting)
 5 Sep 1976 -  4 Sep 1979  Desmond Vincent O'Leary            (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
 5 Sep 1979 - 19 Mar 1981  William Peter Coleman              (b. 1928)
18 Feb 1981 - 11 May 1981  Ian Ewen Hutchinson (acting)       (b. 1939)
                             (acting [for Coleman to 18 Mar 1981])
11 May 1981 - 27 Jan 1982  Thomas Ferguson Paterson (acting)  (b.
1923)
28 Jan 1982 - 28 Apr 1985  Raymond Edward Trebilco            (b. 1926 - d. 1998)
29 Apr 1985 - 31 Dec 1988  John Alexander Matthew             (b. 1928)
 1 Jan 1989 - 12 Apr 1989  William McFadyen Campbell (acting) (b. 1953)
13 Apr 1989 - 12 Apr 1992  Herbert Bruce MacDonald            (b. 1934)
13 Apr 1992 - 30 Jun 1997  Alan Gardner Kerr
 1 Jul 1997 -  3 Aug 1997  Ralph Alexander Condon (acting)
 4 Aug 1997 - 30 Jul 2003  Anthony "Tony" John Messner        (b. 1939)
30 Jul 2003 -  1 Nov 2003  Michael Leslie Stephens (acting)
 1 Nov 2003 -  6 Aug 2007  Grant Ernest John Tambling         (b. 1943)
 7 Aug 2007 - 31 Mar 2012  Owen Edward John Walsh             (b. 1963?)
                             (acting to 2 Oct 2008)
 1 Apr 2012 - 30 Jun 2014  Neil Albert Pope                   (b. 1949)
 1 Jul 2014 - 31 Mar 2017  Gary Douglas Hardgrave             (b. 1960)
 1 Apr 2017 -              Eric Russell Hutchinson            (b. 1965)


Presidents of the Norfolk Council of Elders
14
Nov 1896 - Jan 1899     Oliver Masey Quintal               (b. 1841 - d. 1922)  Non-party
Jan 1899 - Jan 1900        John Buffett                       (s.a.)               Non-party
Jan 1900 - Jul 1903        John Forrester Young               (b. 1852 - d. 1913)  Non-party
Presidents of the Executive Council 
 1 Aug 1903 - 15 Jun 1909  Francis Mason Nobbs                (s.a.)               Non-party 
15 Jun 1909 - 31 Jul 1909  .... (acting)
 
1 Aug 1909 - 31 Jul 1915  Joseph Allen McCleave Buffett      (b. 1851 - d. 1921)  Non-party 
 1 Aug 1915 - 31 Jul 1916  Charles Chase Ray Nobbs (1st time) (b. 1859 - d. 1938)  Non-party
 1 Aug 1916 - 31 Jul 1919  Matthew Frederick Howard Christian (b. 1859 - d. 19..)  Non-party
 1 Aug 1919 - 31 Jul 1920  Albert Randall (1st time)          (b. 1878? - d. 1963) Non-party 
 1 Aug 1920 - 31 Jul 1921  Charles Chase Ray Nobbs (2nd time) (s.a.)               Non-party
 
1 Aug 1921 - 31 Jul 1922  Enoch Cobcroft Robinson (1st time) (b. 1875 - d. 1964)  Non-party
 1 Aug 1922 - 31 Jul 1924  Albert Randall (2nd time)          (s.a.)               Non-party
 
1 Aug 1924 - 31 Jul 1928  Eustace Buffett Christian          (b. 1869 - d. 1944)  Non-party
                             (1st time)
 1 Aug 1928 - 31 Jul 1933  Enoch Cobcroft Robinson (2nd time) (s.a.)               Non-party
 1 Aug 1933 - 19 May 1934  Charles Chase Ray Nobbs (2nd time) (s.a.)               Non-party
19 May 1934 - 31 Jul 1934  Eustace Buffett Christian          (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (2nd time) (acting)
 1 Aug 1934 - 31 Jul 1935  Francis Royden Moira Crozier       (b. 1877? - d. 1956) Non-party
Presidents of the Advisory Council for Norfolk Island
 1 Aug 1935 - 31 Jul 1936  Charles Chase Ray Nobbs            (s.a.)               Non-party
 1 Aug 1936 - 31 Jul 1937  Enoch Cobcroft Robinson            (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (1st time) 
 1 Aug 1937 - 31 Jul 1941  William McLachlan                  (b. 1898 - d. 1965)  Non-party
 1 Aug 1941 - 31 Jul 1947  George Hunn Nobbs Buffett          (b. 1885 - d. 1957)  Non-party
 1 Aug 1947 - 31 Jul 1948  Ray Herbert Hastings Nobbs         (b. 1901 - d. 1985)  Non-party
                             (1st time) 
 1 Aug 1948 - 31 Jul 1949  David Campbell Dunsmere Buffett    (b. 1918 - d. 1997)  Non-party
 1 Aug 1949 - 31 Jul 1950  Ray Herbert Hastings Nobbs         (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Aug 1950 - 31 Jul 1951  Leonard Dixon Holloway             (b. 1899 - d. 1983)  Non-party
                             (1st time) 
 1 Aug 1951 - 31 Jul 1952  Enoch Cobcroft Robinson            (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Aug 1952 - 31 Oct 1952  Leonard Dixon Holloway             (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1952 - 31 Jul 1953  Charles Marie Gustav Adams                              Non-party
 1 Aug 1953 - 31 Jul 1956  Ray Herbert Hastings Nobbs         (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (3rd time) 
 1 Aug 1956 -  7 Apr 1960  Wilfred Metcalfe Randall           (b. 1913 - d. 1981)  Non-party
Presidents of the Norfolk Island Council
 
7 Apr 1960 - 1967         Frederick James Needham            (b. 1918 - d. 2001)  Non-party
1967 - 1974                Wilfred Metcalfe Randall           (s.a.)               Non-party
1974 - 1976                Richard Albert Bataille            (b. 1922 - d. 1993)  Non-party
1976 - 15 Aug 1979         William Arthur Blucher             (b. 1931)            Non-party
Chief minister
15 Aug 1979 - 21 May 1986  David Ernest Buffett (1st time)    (b. 1942)            Non-party
Presidents of the Legislative Assembly
28 May 1986 - 21 May 1989  John Terence Brown (1st time)      (b. 1948)            Non-party
22 May 1989 - 20 May 1992  David Ernest Buffett               (s.a.)               Non-party
20 May 1992 -  4 May 1994  John Terence Brown (2nd time)      (s.a.)               Non-party
 4 May 1994 -  6 Apr 1995  Michael William King               (b. 1948)            Non-party
Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
 6 Apr 1995 -  5 May 1997  Michael William King               (s.a.)               Non-party

Chief ministers
 5 May 1997 - 28 Feb 2000  George Charles Smith               (b. 1948)            Non-party
28 Feb 2000 -  5 Dec 2001  Ronald Coane Nobbs                 (b. 1938)            Non-party
 5 Dec 2001 -  1 Jun 2006  Geoffrey Robert Gardner            (b. 1960?)           Non-party
 
1 Jun 2006 - 28 Mar 2007  David Ernest Buffett (2nd time)    (s.a.)               Non-party
28 Mar 2007 - 24 Mar 2010  Andre Neville Nobbs                (b. 1965)            Non-party
24 Mar 2010 - 20 Mar 2013  David Ernest Buffett (3rd time)    (s.a.)               Non-party
20 Mar 2013 - 17 Jun 2015  Lisle Denis Snell                  (b. 1948?)           Non-party
18 Jun 2015 - 30 Jun 2015  Post abolished
Executive Director of Norfolk Island
 
1 Jul 2015 - 30 Jun 2016  Peter Gregory Gesling              (b. 1956?)           Non-party
Chairman of the
Norfolk Island Advisory Council
 
1 Jul 2015 - 30 Jun 2016  Melissa Ward (f)                                        Non-party

Mayor

 6 Jul 2016 -              Robin Eleanor Adams (f)                                 Non-party

Party abbreviations (no political parties existed before 2007): NIL = Norfolk Island Liberals (branch of Australian Liberal Party, est.Jun 2012); NILP = Norfolk Island Labor Party (branch of Australian Labor Party, est.2007); NIPD = Norfolk Island People for Democracy (supports autonomous status for Norfolk Island, est.May 2015)







Ben Cahoon