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Saint-Martin
 
[Flag of
                                    France]
 
 
[Saint-Martin Unofficial local
                                  flag until 2010 (France)]
     Unofficial Local Flag to 26 Oct 2010
 
[Saint-Martin Unofficial local
                                  flag (France)]
          Local Flag from 26 Oct 2010
[Saint-Martin Collectivité flag
                                  (France)]
         Collectivité Flag Adopted 2009
Map of Saint Martin
Hear National Anthem
"La Marseillaise"
Hear Local Anthem
"Saint-Martin, Saint-Martin"
(a.k.a.
O' Sweet Saint Martin's
 Land
) From c.1958
Constitution
 (28 Sep 1958)
Capital: Marigot
(Quartier-d'Orleans 1648-c.1774)
Currency: Euro (EUR);
to 1 Jan 2002 French Franc
(FRF)
National Holiday: 14 Jul (1789)
Fête Nationale
 (National Holiday
"Bastille Day")

---------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 27 May (1848)
Abolition de l'Esclavage
(Abolition of Slavery Day)
Population: 32,284 (2018)
GDP: $778 million (2012)
Euro 581.8 million (2014)
Exports: $122.9 million (2017)
Imports: Euro 340 million
(2014)
Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto), black,
Guadeloupe Mestizo (French-East Asian), white,
East Indian, other 
Total French Troops: N/A
Defense is the Responsibility of France
Merchant marine: None (2017)
Religions: Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness,
Protestant, Hindu
International Organizations/Treaties: ACS (associate), OECS (observer), UPU
Saint-Martin
Index

Chronology

11 Nov 1493                Discovered and claimed for Spain by Columbus 
                             named Isla de San Martin.
1624                       French settlers from Saint-Christophe begin settling
                             on east coast of Saint-Martin at a place called
                             "Orléans."
1625 - 1633                French settlement (in the northeast).

1631 -  2 Jul 1633         Dutch colony (see Sint Maarten).
 
2 Jul 1633 - 1648         Spanish occupation (see Sint Maarten)
17 Feb 1648                French settlers arrive from Saint-Christophe.
23 Mar 1648                Divided into French (Saint-Martin)(north) and Dutch 
                             Sint Maarten (south);(French zone under the
                             Compagnie des Îles del'Amérique to 1651).
24 May 1651                Compagnie des Îles del'Amérique sells Saint Martin
                             and other islands to the Knights of Malta for
                             120,000 francs.
24 May 1651 - 1665         French Saint-Martin a seigneury of the Knights

                             of Malta.
1665 - 10 Apr 1703         French Saint-Martin a dependency of Saint-Christophe
                             (see Saint Kitts).
Apr 1672 - 15 Jun 1676     French occupy entire island.

Dec 1674                   French Saint-Martin a French crown colony.
15 Jun 1676 - 30 Jun 1676  Dutch occupy entire island (see Sint Maarten).
30 Jun 1676 - 27 Jan 1690  French occupy entire island.

19 Jan 1690 - 27 Jan 1690  English invasion of French zone.
27 Jan 1690 - 1697         No organized administration on the island.

1697 - 1702                French occupy entire island.
1702 - 1703                French evacuate Saint-Martin.
10 Apr 1703 - Aug 1715     Dutch occupy French zone (see
Sint Maarten).
Jul 1703                   French filibusters invasion at Marigot fails.
1744        
              British privateers from Anguilla attack French
                             Saint-Martin and expel the French settlers.

1749                       French settlers return following the Treaty of
                             Aix-la-Chapelle (of 18 Oct 1748).
1756 - 1763                Frequent British raids on French Saint-Martin
                             from Anguilla.
1763 - 21 Feb 2007         French Saint-Martin a dependency of 
Guadeloupe.
Jan 1779 - 24 Feb 1779     British occupy French zone.

24 Feb 1779 -  3 Feb 1781  French occupy entire island. 
 3 Feb 1781 - 27 Nov 1781  British occupy entire island. 
27 Nov 1781 - 11 Feb 1784  French occupy Dutch zone.
19 May 1793 -  5 Apr 1795  Dutch administer entire island (see Sint Maarten)
                             (in French zone a provisional council is set-up
                             by the Dutch).

29 Apr 1795 - 24 Mar 1801  French occupy entire island.
24 Mar 1801 -  1 Dec 1802  British occupy entire island (see Sint Maarten).
 
1 Dec 1802 - 15 Feb 1810  French and Dutch zones resumed.
14 Jul 1808                British forces raid Marigot.
15 Feb 1810 - Jan 1815     British occupy entire island (see
Sint Maarten).
Jan 1815                   French Saint-Martin administration resumed.
28 Nov 1839                Franco-Dutch Convention confirms the accords of 1648.
16 Jun 1940 - 14 Jul 1943 
Saint-Martin administration loyal to Vichy France
                             (from 14 Jul 1943, under Free French).
19 Mar 1946 -  1 Feb 1963  French Saint-Martin made a canton of Guadeloupe
                             arrondissement Basse-Terre. 
 1 Feb 1963 - 21 Feb 2007  Saint-Martin together with Saint-Barthélémy made
                             separate arrondissement of Guadeloupe as
                             Saint-Martin et Saint-Barthélémy.
 7 Dec 2003                Saint-Martin votes to become a separate
                             overseas collectivité by 76.17%
21 Feb 2007                Saint-Martin a separate French overseas
                             collectivité.

Arrondissement
Saint-Martin et Saint-Barthélémy

(1963-2007)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Governors
1625 - 1633                Pierre Belain, sieur d'Esnambuc    (b. 1585 - d. 1636)
 
2 Jul 1633 - 1648         Spanish occupation
1648 - 1651                Robert de Longvilliers de Poincy   (b. 1611 - d. 1666)
1651 - 1660                Philippe de Longvilliers de        (b. 1583 - d. 1660)
                             Poincy, chevalier de Poincy
1660 - 1664                Charles de Sales                   (b. 1625 - d. 1666)
c.1664                     Savinien de Courpon, sieur de la   (b. 1624 - d. ....)
                             Tour
1665                       Du Clinet
1665? - 1666               de Roses (des Roses)

1666 - 1668?               Saint Laurent, chevalier de Maynie
                             (Maigne)

1668 - 1672                Charpentier
167. - Jun 1676            de Magne                           (d. 1676)
15 Jun 1676 - 30 Jun 1676  Dutch occupation
1676 - 1679                ....
1679 - 1685                François Charles Maigne du Plat

Lieutenants of the King
16 Jun 1685 - 1689         chevalier de Rionville

19 Jan 1690 - 27 Jan 1690  Timothy Thornhill                  (b. c.1648 - d. 1703)
                             (English commander)
1690 - 1697                Vacant?
1698 - 1701                Jean Dyel du Parquet

1701 - 1702                Louis de Cacqueray de Valmeniére   (b. 1672 - d. 1724)
                             (retains title to 1715)
1702 - 1703                abandoned
10 Apr 1703 - Aug 1715    
Dutch occupation (see Sint Maarten)
Aug 1715 - Jun 1717        Henry de Martel de Chausson
1717 - 1731                François de Lauréol
                             (de Lauriol, de la Réole)
1731? - 1732?              Jacques Gréaux, Jr.                (d. 1744)
c.1732 - c.1736            Christophe Mathieu
c.1736 - 174.              Jean Pymont (Pimont)
174. - c.1744              Rouve de La Pérelle (1st time)
                             (commandant)
1749 - 1753                Rouve de La Pérelle (2nd time)
                             (commandant)
1753 - 1763                Alexis Brin
1763 - 1785                Auguste Lescuiller Descoudrelles   (d. 1785)
                            
(governor)
1764                       Vupil du Sablon

                             (acting for Descoudrelles)
1768 - 1770                Isnard (acting for Descoudrelles
1770                       Gaspard Bayon
                             (acting for Descoudrelles
1775                       René Camille, comte de Carné de    (d. 1784)
                             Trécesson (acting for Descoudrelles)
Jan 1779 - 24 Feb 1779     John Fahie -British commander
 5 Feb 1781 -  6 Sep 1781  Andrew Edhouse -British commander  (b. c.1723 - d. 1788)
1781 - 1782?               viscount de Damas
                             (acting for Descoudrelles)

1782 - 178.                Jean-Baptiste Duzant    
                             (acting for Descoudrelles)
 
18 Jan 1784 - 1785?       Georges Manganon de la Perrière    (d. 1789)
Commandants Particulier 

1785 - 1793                Jean Sébastien, chevalier de Durat (b. 1757 - d. 1814)
1793 - 1795                Provisional Council
                           - Jean Rouvellet (president)
                           - John Mardenbrough

1795                       - Romney
1795 - 1798                Commissioners of the Republic
                           - La Bruyère (Laruyere)
                           - Jean Rouvellet
                           - Pierre Charles Dormoy (d'Ormoy)  (b. 1748 - d. 1817)
1798 - 1799                Pierre Charles Dormoy (1st time)   (s.a.)
                             (delegate of the Directory)
19 Oct 1799 - 15 Mar 1800  Pierre Louis d'Arnauld             (b. 1771 - d. 1832)
1800 - 1801?               Pierre Charles Dormoy (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (delegate of the Directory)
24 Mar 1801 -  1 Dec 1802  British occupation
1803 - 1804                Jean-Baptiste Bresson              (b. 1760 - d. 1832)
                             (commissioner)
1804 - 1808                Robert Nicholson                   (d. 1814)
1808 - Feb 1810            Jean Pruilh (Preuils)              (b. 1764 - d. 1838)
15 Feb 1810 - Jan 1815     British occupation
Jan 1815 - Jul 1815        Saint-Jire (Saint-Juéry)
Jul 1815 - Oct 1816        Incker
1816                       Leffrenque (Laffranque)
1816                       baron de Proissie (1st time)
1816                       Gaston
Nov 1816 - Sep 1817        baron de Proissie (2nd time)
1817                       Rogers
Dec 1817 - Feb 1823        Louis Auguste Elliot (1st time)
Feb 1823 - Oct 1824        Louis Aurange (1st time)           (b. 1772 - d. 1860)
1824 - 1827                Charles Louis Guillaume Bologne    (b. 1793? - d. 1865)

                             de Rougemont (1st time)
1827                       Jean Sébastien de Durat
1828 - 1831                Charles Louis Guillaume Bologne    (s.a.)
                             de Rougemont (2nd time)
1831 - 1831                Louis Aurange (2nd time)           (s.a.)

1831                       Louis Auguste Elliot (2nd time)
1831 - 1832                Carol
1832                       Belongrie

1832 - 1840                François Louis Forget
1840 - 1866?               Munier (Meinier)
Sub-prefects of the Northern Islands (Sous-préfets des Iles du Nord)
(Saint-Martin et Saint-Barthélémy;
subordinated to the frefects of Guadeloupe)
Apr 1962 - Apr 1963        Guy Pierre Marie Maillard          (b. 1930 - d. 2013)
May 1963 - Sep 1965        Serge Thirioux                     (b. 1932)
Sep 1965 - Jul 1967        J. Vidal
Aug 1967 - Oct 1969        Jean Ducret
Dec 1969 - Dec 1971        René Stambouli
Feb 1972 - Feb 1975        Kamel Khrissate                    (b. 1936)
Apr 1975 - Jun 1978        Pierre Etchegoyen
Aug 1978 - Jul 1980        Jean-Pierre Lacave                 (b. 1939 - d. 2015)
10 Jul 1980 - Jan 1981     Bernard Prévost                    (b. 1943)
Jan 1981 - Sep 1981        Jacques Limoge
15 Oct 1981 - Sep 1984     Gonthier Friédérici                (b. 1945)
Nov 1984 - Oct 1986        Jean-Pierre Hubert
Oct 1986 - May 1989        François Seners (Séners)           (b. 1958)
Jun 1989 - Sep 1990        Michel Magnier                     (b. 1960)
Sep 1990 - Dec 1991        Pierre Vache
Dec 1991 - Apr 1992        .... (acting)
Apr 1992 - Nov 1993        Bernard Guerin                     (b. 1952)

Jan 1994 - Jan 1995        Jean Jacques Dudillieu
Jan 1995 - Aug 1996        Antoine Pichon
Aug 1996 - Aug 1998        Jean-Loup Petit                    (b. 1947)
Oct 1998 - 22 Jun 2000     Didier Juilliard
26 Jun 2000 - Aug 2003     Patrice Latron                     (b. 1961)
 2 Oct 2003 - 21 Dec 2006  Maurice Michaud
Dec 2006 - 21 Feb 2007     Yvon Alain (interim)               (s.a.)
Prefects
(delegated to the prefect of Guadeloupe, who from 9 Jul 2007 is also
state representative in Saint-Martin)
21 Feb 2007 - 21 Mar 2007  Yvon Alain (interim sub-prefect)   (b. 1955)
21 Mar 2007 - Aug 2009     Dominique Lacroix                  (b. 1955)
24 Aug 2009 - Dec 2011     Jacques Simonnet                   (b. 1946)
12 Dec 2011 - Jun 2015     Philippe Chopin                    (b. 1958)
 8 Jun 2015 - Jul 2018     Anne Laubies (f)                   (b. 1953)
 9 Jul 2018 -              Sylvie Daniélo-Feucher (f)         (b. 1959)

Presidents of the Municipality
1828 - 1832                Marigot 
1832 - 1838                Pierre Philippe O'Reilly     
Mayors

21 Jul 1838 - 1866         Pierre Georges Dormoy              (b. 1799 - d. 1875)
Feb 1866 - Jul 1867        Pierre Martin
1867 - 1871                Louis Durat
Jul 1871 - Nov 1871        Charles Claude Sainte-Hélène       (b. 1828 - d. 1871)
                             Télèphe
1871 - 1874                Victor Foulquier                   (b. 1799 - d. 1874)
1874 - 1878                Pierre Auguste Beauperthuy         (b. 1806 - d. 1878)
1878 - 1879                Charles Becker (1st time)(acting)
1879 - 1891                Jean Frédéric Becker               (d. 1891)
1891 - 1904                Charles Becker (2nd time)
1904 - 1919                Charles Daniel Esprit Beauperthuy  (b. 1861 - d. 1935)
1919 - 1925                Louis Emmanuel Fleming
1925 - 1928                Ferdinand Morales
1928 - 1949                Louis Constant Fleming             (b. 1898 - d. 1949)  Ind;1947 RPF
1949 - 1959                Hugues Élie Fleming (1st time)
1959 - 1977                Fernand Hubert Petit               (b. 19.. - d. 2006)  DVG + UDR
1977 - 1983                Hugues Élie Fleming (2nd time)
1983 - 15 Jul 2007         Albert Fleming                     (b. 1936)
Presidents of the Territorial Council
15 Jul 2007 - 25 Jul 2008  Louis Constant Fleming             (b. 1946)            UPP
25 Jul 2008 -  7 Aug 2008  Marthe Ogoundélé-Tessi (f)(acting) (b. 1964)            UPP
 7 Aug 2008 - 14 Apr 2009  Frantz R. Gumbs (1st time)         (b. 1954)            UPP
14 Apr 2009 -  5 May 2009  Daniel Gibbs (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1968)            UPP
 5 May 2009 -  1 Apr 2012  Frantz R. Gumbs (2nd time)         (s.a.)               UPP
 1 Apr 2012 - 17 Apr 2013  Alain Richardson                   (b. 1963)            RRR
17 Apr 2013 -  2 Apr 2017  Aline Hanson (f)                   (b. 1949 - d. 2017)  RRR
 2 Apr 2017 -              Daniel Gibbs (2nd time)            (s.a.)               TG17


Party abbreviations:
DVG = Divers Gauche (Diverse Left, left-wing candidates not members of a large party); Ind = Indépendant (Independent); RRR = Rassemblement, Responsabilité, Réussite (Togetherness, Responsibility, Success; Saint-Martin regionalist, est.2007); UPP = Union Pour le Progrès (Union for Progress, center-right, affiliated with UMP); TG17 = Team Daniel Gibbs 2017 (est.2017);
- Former parties: RPF = Rassemblement du Peuple Français (Rally for the French People, Gaullist, conservative, 1947-1955); UDR = Union pour la Défense de la République (Union for the Defense of the Republic, Gaullist, conservative, UNR successor, 1971 renamed Union des Démocrates pour la République [Union of Democrats for the Republic], 1968-1976)







© Ben Cahoon