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U.S. Native American Nations
 
Contents:  Abenaki (St Francis Sokoki Band) - Absentee Shawnee of Oklahoma - Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas - Arapaho Nation of Wyoming -Aroostook Band of Micmacs - Blackfeet of Montana - Cheyenne River Sioux - Cherokee of Oklahoma - Chickasaw - Chitimacha - Choctaw of Mississippi - Choctaw of Oklahoma - Coeur d'Alene Tribe (Schitsu'Umsh) - Comanchee Nation - Crow Creek Sioux - Delaware of Western Oklahoma - Eastern Band of Cherokee - Eastern Shawnee of Oklahoma - Fallon Paiute-Shoshone - Flandreau Santee Sioux - Ft. McDowell Yavapai - Hopi - Iowa of Oklahoma - Kanatak Native Village - Las Vegas Paiute - Mashantucket Pequot - Menominee - Miami Tribe of Oklahoma - Miccosukee - MoheganMorongo Band of Mission Indians - Muskogee (Creek) of Oklahoma - NarragansettNavajo - Northern Cheyenne - Oglala Sioux  - Osage - Ottawa of Oklahoma - Passamaquoddy - Pawnee of Oklahoma - Penobscot Indian Nation - Peoria of Oklahoma - Ponca of Nebraska - Puyallup - Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma -  Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa - Rosebud Sioux - Sac & Fox of Oklahoma - Sault Ste. Marie - Seminole of Florida - Seminole of Oklahoma - Seneca Nation of Indians - Seneca-Cayuga of Oklahoma - Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma (Loyal Shawnee) - Shinnecock - Shoshone-Bannock Tribes - Siletz Tribes - Southern Ute - Spokane Tribe - Three Affiliated Tribes - Tlingit and Haida Central Council - Tohono O'odham - United Band of Keetoowah Cherokee - Uintah & Ouray Ute - Warm Springs - Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California - White Earth Ojibwe - White Mountain Apache - Wyandotte of Oklahoma - Yakama - Zuni Pueblo -

Note: As of 6 May 2013, there were 566 Native American tribal nations, bands, confederations, communities, rancheria, pueblo and villages recognized by the United States federal government, the Constitution, treaty, statute, or by court decisions as "sovereign domestic dependent nations under the U.S. protection."  Approximately 229 of these are located in Alaska.  They have formal government-to-government relations with the U.S. federal government and enjoy full internal self-government and administer the territories they reserved for themselves. Currently this page lists only a small fraction of Native American Nations. More data will be added as information becomes available. Nations are listed below according to the State(s) in which their lands are located and are listed alphabetically above in the contents table.

  Due to the vast number of tribal entities this page is incomplete. Any assistance adding information would be greatly appreciated.



Alabama

Poarch Band of Creek Indians

[Poarch Band of Creek Indians
              (Alabama)]



Alaska

Gwich'in

[Gwich'in (Alaska)]


Kanatak Native Village (Native Tribe of Kanatak)

[Native Tribe of Kanatak
                Logo]

1954 - 1994                Kanatak Tribe of Alaska tribal government dormant.
1994                       Alaska Native Village of Kanatak.

Presidents of the Tribal Council
1994 -  5 Nov 2009         Henry Forshey                    (b. 1947)  
 5 Nov 2009 - 2010         Shawn Olivera
18 Dec 2010 - 24 Apr 2011  Shawn
Shanigan                   (b. 1979)
 2 May 2011 - Sep 2011     Terrence J. Shanigan             (b. 1971)
Sep 2011 -                 Alex Giacometti (interim)        (b. 1942)


Ketchikan Indian Community

[Ketchikan Indian Community
              (Alaksa)]



Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska Central Council

[Tlingit and
                Haida Indian Tribes Central Council flag (Alaska)]

Note: Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes is not a Native Nation, it is a service corporation and not a sovereign native nation.  There are some 200 very tiny native nations in Alaska, which are confederated in so-called Regional Native Corporations.  Most of the nations are members of two regional corporations, one of which is organized under 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and administers tribal businesses and assets, the other is organized under 1994 Self-governance Act and administers the rendering of services to tribal members. 

1912                       Alaska Native Brotherhood established by the Tlingit and
                             Haida tribes.
11 Nov 1935                Central Council first meets, this is the origin of tribal 
                             government.
18 Oct 1966                First meeting of the Alaska Federation of Natives.
21 Oct 1993                Interior Dept. omits council from federal recognition list.
 2 Nov 1994                Congress reconfirms federal recognition.

Presidents of the Central Council
11 Nov 1935 - 1940         David Morgan
1940 - 1966                Andrew Percy Hope, Sr.           (b. 1896 - d. 1968)
1966 - 1967                Ted Denny
1967 - 1972                John Borbridge, Jr.
1972 - 1976                Clarence Jackson, Sr.
1976 - 1980                Raymond E. Paddock, Jr.          (b. 1936 - d. 1987)
1980 - 1984                Andrew John Hope, Jr.
1984 - 2007                Edward K. Thomas (1st time)
2007 - Apr 2010            Bill Martin
2010 -
                    Edward K. Thomas (2nd time)



Arizona

Ak-Chin Indian Community

[Ak-Chin Indian
              Community (Arizona)]

Colorado River Indian Community

[Colorado River Indian
              Community CIRT (Arizona, California)]

Cocopah Nation

[Cocopah Nation (Arizona)]

Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation

[ Fort
              McDowell Yavapai Reservation (Arizona)]

15 Sep 1903                Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community of the Fort McDowell
                             Reservation established.
24 Nov 1936                Federal recognition.
12 Nov 1999                Renamed Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation.

Presidents
c.1938                     Sam Wilson
.... -                    
Clinton M. Pattea


Fort Mojave Indian Tribe

[Fort Mojave Indian Tribe
              (Arizona)]

Fort Yuma Quechan Indians

[Fort Yuma Quechan
              Indians (Arizona)]

Gila River Indian Community

[Gila River Indian
              Community (Arizona)]



Hopi

Hopi Nation (Arizona) U.S.

16 Dec 1882                Hopi Indian Reservation created.
19 Dec 1936                Hopi Nation is federal recognized.
1974                       Navajo-Hopi Land Settlement Act was passed. It created the
                             Navajo-Hopi Indian Relocation Commission, which forced the
                             relocation of any Hopi or Navajo living on the others land.

Chairmen
1936 - 19..                Peter Nuvamsa
c.1958                     Willard Sekiestewa
c.1961                     Dewey Healing                   (b. 1905? - d. 1992)
1961 - 1968                Jean Fredericks                 (b. 1906 - d. 1990)
1969 - 1973                Clarence Hamilton
1973 - 1981                Abbott Sekaquaptewa             (b. 1929 - d. 1992)
1982 - 1989                Ivan Sidney                     (b. 1947)
1989 - 1994                Vernon Masayesva
1994 - 1997                Ferrell Secakuku                (b. 1937 - d. 2007)
1998 - 2005                Wayne Taylor Jr.
2005 - 2006                Ivan L. Sidney
2007 - 31 Dec 2008         Benjamin H. Nuvamsa
2009 - Dec 2013            LeRoy N. Shingoitewa            (b. 1945?)
Dec 2013 -                 Herman G. Honanie               (b. 1953?)

Hualapai

[Hualapai Tribe
              (Arizona)]

Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians

Kaibab Band of Paiute
              Indians (Arizona)]


Navajo

Navajo - Arizona, New
                  Mexico, & Utah (U.S.)
             Adopted 21 May 1968
Map of the Navajo Nation Capital: Window Rock,
Arizona
Population: 173,987 (2000)

1786 - 1793                Subject to the Spanish.
1849                       Navajos under protection of the U.S., the original boundaries 
                             of the Navajo country fixed.
1864 - 1868                Settled at Bosque Redondo Reservation.
 1 Jun 1868                Navajo country formally ceded to the U.S. in exchange 
                             for a reservation (Navajo Indian Reservation).
1922                       Tribal government established.
15 Apr 1969                Navajo Nation.

Head Chiefs
1800 - 1849                Narbona (Naat'aa)              (b. 1766 - d. 1849)
1849 - 1853                Mariano Martinez
1853 - 1855                Zarcillos Largos (1st time)    (d. 1858)
1855 - 1858                Manuelito (Ch'ilhajini)        (b. 1818 - d. 1893)
                             (1st time)
1858                       Zarcillos Largos (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1858 - 1861                Herrero Delgado (A'tsidii Sani)(b. 1830 - d. 1870)
1861 - 1866                Herrero Grande
1866 - 1871                Barboncito (Da'ghaaii)         (b. 1820 - d. 1871)
1871 - 18..                Ganado Mucho (To'tso'nii)      (b. 1809 - d. 1890)
                             (for Western Navajos)
1871 - 1885                Manuelito (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                             (for Eastern Navajos)
1885 - 1923                Henry Chee Dodge (Adiitsa'ii)  (b. 1857 - d. 1947)
Chairmen 

1923 - 1928                Henry Chee Dodge (1st time)    (s.a.)
1928 - 1932                Deshna Clah Chischilze
                            (
Dashne Cheschillege)
1932 - 1936                Thomas Dodge
1936                       Marcus Kanuho (interim)
1937 - 1938                Henry Taliman, Sr.
1938 - 1942                Jacob C. Morgan
1946 - 1946                Henry Chee Dodge (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1946 - 1954                Sam Ahkeah                     (b. 1896 - d. 1967)
1955 - 1963                Paul Jones
1963 - 1970                Raymond Nakai                  (b. 1918 - d. 2005)
1971 - 1982                Peter MacDonald (1st time)     (b. 1928)
1983 - 1987                Peterson Zah                   (b. 1937)
1987 - 1989                Peter MacDonald (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1989 - 1991                Leonard Haskie (interim)
Presidents
Jan 1991 - 1994            Peterson Zah                   (s.a.)
1995 - Feb 1998            Albert A. Hale
Feb 1998 - Jun 1998        Thomas E. Atcitty              (b. 1933)
Jun 1998 - Jan 1999        Milton Bluehouse, Sr. (interim)(b. 1935)
Jan 1999 - 20 Jan 2003     Kelsey A. Begaye               (b. 1951)
20 Jan 2003 - 11 Jan 2011  Joe Shirley, Jr.               (b. 1947)
11 Jan 2011 -              Ben Shelly                     (b. 1947)



Pascua Yaqui

[Pascua-Yaqui (Arizona)]

Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community

[Salt River
              Pima–Maricopa Indian Community (Arizona)]

San Carlos Apache


[San Carlos Apache
              Tribe (Arizona)]


Tohono O'odham

[Tohono
                          O'odham flag to 2000]
                          to 2000
[Tohono
                          O'odham - Arizona (U.S.)]
                      Adopted 2000

 8 Jun 1854                Gadsden Purchase leads to the current U.S.-Mexico border
                             traversing Papago Indian lands.
 1 Jul 1874                San Xavier reservation established.
12 Dec 1882                Gila Bend reservation established.
 1 Feb 1917                Papago Indian Reservation established.
18 Jun 1937                Papago adopt first Constitution.
10 Sep 1978                Florence Village is established as part of the Nation. 
18 Jan 1986                Renamed Tohono O'odham Nation.

Chairmen
1937 - 1940                José Ignacio (1st time)
1940 - 1942                Peter Blaine (2nd time)
1943 - 1944                Henry A. Throssell (3rd time)
1945 - 1946                José Ignacio (2nd time)
1947 - 1953                Thomas A. Segundo (1st time)      (b. 1920? - d. 1971)
1953 - 1955?               Enos J. Francisco (1st time)
Jan 1955 - 1959            Mark Manuel
1959 - 1963                Enos J. Francisco (2nd time)
1963 - 1965                Eugene Johnson
1965 - 1968                Robert C. Mackett
1968 -  6 May 1971         Thomas A. Segundo (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1971 - 1973                Augustine B. Lopez                (b. 1935 - d. 2013)
1973 - 1975                Jacob A. Escalante                (b. 19.. - d. 2013)
May 1975 - c.1978          Cecil Williams
c.1979 - 1983              Max H. Norris
1983 - 1987                Josiah Moore
1987 - 31 Mar 1989         Enos J. Francisco  
1989 - 1991                Angelo Joaquin, Sr.               (b. 1929 - d. 1995)
1991 - 19 Apr 1993         Josiah Moore                      (b. 1935? - d. 1993)
1993 - 1995                Sylvester Listo
1995 -  3 Jun 2003         Edward D. Manuel
 3 Jun 2003 -  3 Aug 2007  Vivian Juan Sanders (f)           (b. 1960)
 3 Aug 2007 -              Ned Norris, Jr.                   (b. 1955)


Tonto Apache

[Tonto Apache Tribe
                of Payson (Arizona)]


White Mountain Apache 

 [White
              Mountain Apache flag]
 
Map of the White
Mountain Apache
Capital: Whiteriver,
Arizona
Population: 11,702 (2000)


1871                       White Mountain Reservation.
1897                       Split into two reservations: the Fort Apache Reservation and
                             the San Carlos Apache Reservation
.
26 Aug 1938                White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Indian Reservation.

Head Chiefs
.... - ....                Pedro
188. -  6 Aug 1928         Alchise (
William Alchesay)       (b. 1853? - d. 1928)
1928 - 11 Oct 1952         Baha
Alchesay                    (b. 1885? - d. 1952)

Chairmen
1938 - 1948                ....
1948 - 1950                Lester Oliver (1st time)
1950 - 1952                Nelson Lupe (1st time)
1952 - 1954                Lester Oliver (2nd time?)
1954 - 1956                Nelson Lupe
(2nd time)
1956 - 1958                Clinton Kessay
1958 - 1966                Lester Oliver (3rd time)
1966 - 1970                Ronnie Lupe
(1st time)
1970 - 1974?               Fred Benashley
1974 - 1986                Ronnie Lupe
(2nd time)
1986 - 1990                Reno Johnson
1990 - 1998                Ronnie Lupe
(3rd time)
1998 - 2006                Dallas Massey, Sr.
Apr 2006 -                 Ronnie Lupe
(4th time)


Yavapai Apache

[Yavapai Apache
              Nation (Arizona)]


Yavapai of Prescott


[Yavapai of Prescott
              (Arizona)]


Arkansas

None Recognized


California

Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians

[Campo
                Band of Diegueno Mission Indians (California)]

Chemehuevi Indian Tribe

[Chemehuevi Indian
                Tribe (California)]  


Morongo Band of Mission Indians

Morongo Band of Mission
                Indians


15 May 1876                Morongo Band of Mission Indians Reservation established.

Chairman
.... -                     Robert Martin



Pala Band of Cupeño Indians

[Pala Band of Cupeño Indians
              (California)]

Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians

[Robinson
              Rancheria of Pomo Indians (California)]

Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians

[Santa Ynez Band
              of Chumash Indians (California)]

Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indian Tribe

[Torres
              Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indian Tribe (California)]


Colorado

Southern Ute

[Southern Ute Tribe
                (Colorado) Flag]

 2 Mar 1868                Southern Ute Reservation.
1918                       Consolidated Ute Indian Reservation 
 7 Nov 1936                Southern Ute federally recognized, constitution adopted.

Chief
1868 - 24 Aug 1880         Ouray                             (b. 1833 - d. 1880)
1880 -  8 May 1936         Buckskin Charlie                  (b. 1840 - d. 1936)
1936                       Antonio Buck, Sr.                 (d. 1961)
Chairmen 

1936 - 1939                Antonio Buck, Sr.                 (s.a.) 
1940 - 1944                Julius N. Cloud (1st time) 
1945 - 1948                Samuel Burch (1st time)
1949                       Julius N. Cloud (2nd time)
1950                       Samuel Burch (2nd time)
1951 - 1952                Julius N. Cloud (3rd time)
1953 - 1956                Samuel Burch (3rd time)
1957 - 1960                John E. Baker, Sr. (1st time)
1961                       Anthony C. Burch 
1962 - 1963                John E. Baker, Sr. (2nd time)
1963 - 1965                John S. Williams 
1966                       John E. Baker, Sr. (3rd time)
1967 - 1984                Leonard C. Burch (1st time)
1985 - 1987                Christopher A. Baker, Sr.
1988 - 1996                Leonard C. Burch (2nd time)
1997 - 2000                Clement Frost (1st time)
2000                       John E. Baker, Jr.
2000 - 2003                Leonard C. Burch (3rd time)
2003 - 2004                Howard D. Richards, Sr.
2005 - 21 Dec 2008         Clement Frost (2nd time)
21 Dec 2008 - Apr 2011     Matthew Box                        (b. 1970)
13 Apr 2011 - 15 Dec 2011  Pearl E. Casias (f)
15 Dec 2011 - 31 Mar 2014  Jimmy R. Newton, Jr.               (b. 1976 - d. 2014)
 1 Apr 2014 -              James M. "Mike" Olguin (acting)


Ute Mountain Ute Tribe


Connecticut

Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation

[Eastern Pequot Tribal
              Nation (Connecticut)]

2002                     Paucatuck Eastern Pequots and Eastern Pequots merge as the
                           Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation which is granted federal recognition.
Oct 2005                 Federal recognition was revoked.



Mashantucket Pequot 

[Mashantucket Pequot
                  flag (Connecticut)]
 

18 Oct 1983                Mashantucket Pequot Tribe gains federal recognition.

Chiefs
19.. - 1973                Elisabeth George Plouffe (f)     (b. 1895 - d. 1973)
1973 - 1975                Amos George 
Chairmen
1975 - 
Jan 1999            Richard "Skip" Hayward           (b. 1947) 
Jan 1999 - Jan 2003        Kenneth M. Reels
Jan 2003 -  1 Jan 2009     Michael J. Thomas
 1 Jan 2010 -              Rodney Butler



Mohegan 

[Mohegan Tribe flag
                  (Connecticut)]

 7 Mar 1994                Federal recognition granted to the Mohegan Tribe of
                             Indians of the State of Connecticut.

Chiefs
1902 - 1903                Henry Mathews (Wegun) 
1903 - 1928                Lemuel Fielding (Occum)            (b. 1859 - d. 1928) 
1929 - 1935                Everett Fielding                   (b. 1887 - d. 19..) 
1935 - 1937                Julian Harris (Peegee Uncas)       (b. 1872 - d. 19..) 
1937 - 1952                Burrill Fielding (Matahga)         (b. 1862 - d. 1952)
1952 - 1970                Harold A. Tantaquidgeon            (b. 1904 - d. 1989) 
1970 - 1991                Courtland Fowler (Little Hatchet)  (b. 1905 - d. 1991) 
1992 -  1 Oct 2007         Ralph W. Sturges (G'tinemong)      (b. 1918 - d. 2007)
15 Aug 2010 -              Lynn Malerba (Mutawi Mutahash
)(f)  (b. 1954?)


Delaware

None Recognized



Florida

Miccosukee Tribe of Indians
[Miccosukee Tribe
                  (Florida)]
                  Adopted 1962
11 Jan 1962                Miccosukee Tribe of Indians recognized as separate from 
                             the Seminole Tribe of Florida.
 6 Mar 1971                Miccosukee constitution established.

Chairmen
1962 - 1985                Buffalo Tiger                  (b. 1920)
1986 - 2010                Billy Cypress                  (b. 1952)
 5 Jan 2010 -              Colley Billie


Seminole Nation of Florida

[Flag of the
                        Florida Seminole Tribe]
                        Adopted 1966

1823                       Seminole country ceded to the U.S. in return for the Seminole
                             Indian Reservation.
1832                       Seminole Indian Reservation ceded to the U.S. in return for a new
                             reservation in the Indian Territory.
1835 - 1842                Second Seminole War.
1839                       Majority of the Seminoles moved to the Indian Territory.
1856 - 1858                Third Seminole War.
1913                       Seminoles of Florida recognized as separate from the Seminole 
                             Nation of Oklahoma.
1917                       Big Cypress Indian Reservation established.
1926                       Dania (1966, renamed Hollywood) Indian Reservation added.
13 Jun 1935                Brighton Indian Reservation added.
1953                       U.S. House proposes termination of Seminole Tribe.
21 Aug 1957                Seminole Tribe of Florida, federal recognition.

Principal Chiefs
1750 - 1785                Cowkeeper (Abaya)              (d. 1785)
1785 - 1812                King Payne                     (d. 1812)
1812 - 1819                King Bowlegs                   (d. 1819/21) 
1819 -  2 Jan 1849         Mikanopi (Sint Chakkee)        (d. 1849)
1849 - 1953                
Interregnum
War Chiefs
1835 - 1837                Osceola (William Powell)       (b. 1804 - d. 1838)
1837 - 1842                Abiaka (Sam Jones)             (b. 1774 - d. 1866)
1856 - 1858                Holata Micco (Billy Bowlegs)   (b. 1810 - d. 1864)
Chairmen

1953 - 1967                Bill "Billy" Osceola           (b. 1919 - d. 1995)
1967 - 1971                Betty Mae Jumper (f)           (b. 1923)
1971 - 1979                Howard E. Tommie
1979 - 2001                James E. "Jim" Billie          (b. 1944)
2001 -                     Mitchell Cypress               (b. 1947)

Georgia

None Recognized

Hawaii

None Recognized

Idaho

Coeur d' Alene Tribe (Schitsu'Umsh)

[Coeur d'Alene Tribe
                  (Schitsu'Umsh) - Idaho]

 1 Oct 1866                Coeur d'Alene Reservation established.

Chiefs
1660 - 1760                Circling Raven
1760 - 1844                Twisted Earth
1844 - 1865                Vincent (Bassah)
1865 - 1902                Andrew Seltice
1902 - 1907                Peter Wildshoe
1907 - 1932                Peter Moctelme
1932 - 1949                Joseph Seltice
1949 - 1965                Ignace Garry

Chairmen
1947 - 1948                Joseph Seltice
1948 - 1950                Ignace Garry 
1950 - 1954                Pascal George
1954 - 1955                Felix Aripa
1955 - 1956                Lawrence Nicodemus
1956 - 1968                Joseph Garry
1968 - 1970                Oswald George
1970 - 1972                Bernard LaSarte (1st time)
1972 - 1974                Hillary Skanen
1974 - 1982                Bernard LaSarte (2nd time)
1982 - 1985                Dave Matheson
1985 - 1986                Bernard LaSarte (3rd time)
May 1986 - May 2005        Ernie Stensgar
May 2005 -                 Chief James Allan                     (b. 1977)


Kootenai

[Kootenai tribe (Idaho)]

Nez Percé


[Nez Percé - Idaho (U.S.)]

Shoshone-Bannock Tribes

Shoshone-Bannock
                Tribes of Fort Hall Reservation (Idaho)

 3 Jul 1868                 Fort Hall Indian Reservation established by Fort Bridger Treaty.
30 Apr 1936                 Shoshone-Bannock Tribes granted federal recognition.

Chairmen
c.2001 - 2006               Blaine J. Edmo
2006 -  8 Jun 2010          Alonzo Coby
 8 Jun 2010 -               Nathan Small


Illinois

None Recognized


Indiana

Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana

[Pokagon Band of
              Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana ]

Iowa

Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa

[Sac & Fox Tribe of the
              Mississippi in Iowa]


Kansas

Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska

[Iowa Tribe of
              Kansas and Nebraska]

Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas
(Prairie Band of Potawatomi Indians)


[Prairie Band of
              Potawatomi Nation, Kansas]

Wyandot Nation of Kansas

[Wyandot Nation of Kansas]



Kentucky

None Recognized

Louisiana

Apalachee

[Apalachee
              Nation (Louisiana)]


Chitimacha 

[Chitimacha tribe
                  (Louisiana)]
 

1917                       Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana granted federal recognition.

Chiefs 
1903 - 1934                Benjamin Paul 
1934 - 1947                Ernest "Papa Jack" Darden 
1947                       Alexander Darden 
1948 - 1950                Leroy Burgess (chairman)
1950 - 1969                Emile "Bizz" Stouff 
1969 - 1971                Leonard "Nick" Stouff 
Chairmen 
1971 - 1981                Leroy Burgess
1981 - 1983                Daniel Darden (1st time)
1983 - 1987                Larry Burgess 
1987 - 1989                Daniel Darden (2nd time)
1989 - 1998                Ralph Darden 
1998 - 2007                Alton D. LeBlanc, Jr.
2007 - 2009                Lonnie L. Martin
2009 -                     John Paul Darden



Jena Band of Choctaw Indians

Tunica Biloxi Indians of Louisiana


[Tunica Biloxi Indians
              of Louisiana]


Maine

Aroostook Band of Micmacs

[Aroostook Band of
                  Micmacs (Maine)]

1984                       Aroostook Micmac Council
26 Nov 1991                Federal Recognition granted (Aroostook Band of Micmacs).

Presidents     
1984 - 1985                Donald Sanipass (1st time)
1985 - 1986                Paul Phillips
1986 - 1987                Donald Sanipass (2nd time)
1987 - 1988                David Sanipass
1988 - 1989                Wesley Miller
1989 - 1991                Mary Philbrook (f)
Chiefs
1992 - 1994                Mary Philbrook (f)(1st time)
1994 - 1995                Roger Pictou

1995 - 1997                Mary Philbrook (f)(2nd time)

1997 - 1999                Richard Getchell

1999 - 2007                William W. Phillips

2007 -                     Victoria Higgins (f)



Passamaquoddy

[Passamaquoddy Nation
              flag (Maine)]
                      Adopted 1995

Governors (Sakom)

 1 Oct 1998 - 2002         Richard Stevens
2002 -  1 Oct 2006         Robert L. Newell
 1 Oct 2006 - 2010         William J. Nicholas
 3 Dec 2010 -              Joseph Socobasin



Penobscot Indian Nation


Penobscot Indian Nation -
              Maine (U.S.)

Governors (Chiefs)

2000 - 2004                Barry Dana
2004 - 2006                James Sappier
2006 -                     Kirk E. Francis                   (b. c.1969) 


Maryland

None Recognized

Massachusetts

Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, Massachusetts

[Wampanoag]

Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts
(formerly Wampanoag Tribal Council of Gay Head, Inc.)


Michigan

Bay Mills Indian Community

[Bay Mills Ojibwe (or
                Chippewa) - Michigan (U.S.)]  

Hannahville Potowatomie Indian Community

[Hannahville Potowatomie Indian Community]

Sault Ste. Marie Ojibwe

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe
                  of Chippewa (Michigan)
                    Adopted 1970's
24 Dec 1953                Sugar Islands Chippewa begin attempt to separation from Bay Mills
                             Tribe.
 7 Sep 1972                Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa (Ojibew) Indians of Michigan
                             recognized as separate from the Bay Mills Tribe.
 7 Mar 1974                Sault Ste. Marie Indian Reservation established.

Chairmen

1973 - 1987                Joseph "Joe" K. Lumsden          (d. 1987)
1987 - 2004                Bernard Bouschor
                             (acting to 1988)
2004 - 2008                Aaron Payment
2008 - 10 May 2011         Darwin "Joe" McCoy
May 2011 -                 Lana Causley (f)(interim)

Minnesota


Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe

[Mille Lacs Band
                of Ojibwe (Minnesota)]

Minnesota Chippewa Tribe

[Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
                flag]


White Earth Ojibwe

[flag of White Earth
                Ojibwe Reservation (Minnesota)]

19 Mar 1867                 White Earth Chippewa Reservation created in Minnesota.

Chairmen

2000 - 2004                 Doyle Turner
2004 -                      Erma J. Vizenor (f)


Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

[Red Lake Band of Chippewa
                Indians]

Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community


Mississippi

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

[Mississippi Band of
                  Choctaw Indians flag]
                  Adopted Dec 1994

1786                       Choctaws under protection of the U.S., the original boundaries of
                             the Choctaw country fixed.
1805 & 1820                Main Choctaw land cessions to the U.S.
1826                       Choctaw tribal government (Choctaw Nation) established, governed by
                             the chiefs of the Okla Tannip District, the Okla Falaya District,
                             and the Okla Hannali District.
1830                       Choctaw Indian Reservation ceded to the U.S. in return for a new
                             reservation in the Indian Territory.
1834                       Majority of the Choctaws moved to the Indian Territory.
1918                       Choctaws of Mississippi recognized as separate from the Choctaw 
                             Nation of Oklahoma.
23 Dec 1944                Mississippi Choctaw Indian Reservation established.
20 Apr 1945                Choctaw tribal government (Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians).

Chiefs of Oklatannip District
.... - 1809                Homastubbee                    (d. 1809)
1809 - 1826                Moshulatubbee (1st time)       (b. c.1778 - d. 1838)
1826 - 1830                David Folsom                   (b. 1791 - d. 1847)
1830 - 1834                Moshulatubbee (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1834 - 1945                Vacant
Chiefs of Oklafalaya District

1802 - 18 Oct 1824         Apukshunnubbee                 (b. c.1740 - d. 1824)
1824 - 1826                Robert Cole
1826 - 1834                Greenwood LeFlore              (b. 1800 - d. 1865)
1834 - 1945                Vacant
Chiefs of Oklahannali District

1803 - 24 Dec 1824         Pushmataha                     (b. c.1764 - d. 1824)
Dec 1824                   Oklahoma
Dec 1824 - 28 Sep 1828     Humming Bird                   (d. 1828)
1828 - 1830                John "Sam" Garland
1830 - 1834                Nitakechi                      (b. 1792 - d. 1846)
1834 - 1945                Vacant
Chairmen
1945 - 1949                Joe Chitto
1949 - 1959                Emmett York (1st time)
1959 - 1967                Phillip Martin                 (b. 1926 - d. 2010)
1967 - 1975                Emmett York (2nd time)
Chiefs (title Miko)
1975 - 1979                Calvin Issac
1979 - Jul 2007            Phillip Martin                 (s.a.)
Jul 2007 -                 Beasley Denson



Missouri

None Recognized

Montana

Assiniboine & Gros Ventreof Fort Belknap Reservation

[Assiniboine & Gros
                Ventre of Fort Belknap Reservation (Montana)]

Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation

[Assiniboine and Sioux
                Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation]


Blackfeet of Montana

[Blackfeet of Montana]

13 Nov 1935                Blackfoot Nation of Montana recognized.

Head Chiefs
1874 - ....                Little Plume
.... - 1903                White Calf                      (d. 1903)

Chairmen
1935 - 19..                Joseph W. Brown
19.. - 1972                ....
1972 - 2008
                Earl Old Person                 (b. 1929)
12 Jul 2008 -              Willie A. Sharp, Jr.



Chippewa Cree

[Chippewa Cree
              Tribe (Montana)]

Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation


[Confederated Salish and
              Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation]

Crow Tribe of Montana

[Crow Tribe of Montana]


Northern Cheyenne

[Northern Cheyenne Tribe
              (Montana)]
                       Adopted 1964

Presidents
Nov 2008 - 16 Nov 2012     Leroy A. Spang
16 Nov 2012 -              John Robinson



Nebraska

Omaha Tribe

[Omaha Tribe of Nebraska
              and Iowa]


Ponca Tribe

[Ponca Tribe (Nebraska)]

1962                       Federal recognition revoked.
1990                       Ponca Tribe of Nebraska (federal recognition restored).

Chairmen

1990 - 2002                Fred LeRoy                      (b. 1947 - d. 2012)
2002 - Nov 2006            Mark Peniska
Nov 2006 - Jan 2011        Larry Wright, Jr.
Jan 2011 -                 Rebecca White (f)




Santee Sioux Nation
(formerly the Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska)

[Santee Sioux Nation
              (formerly the Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation
              of Nebraska)]

Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska


[Ho-Chunk (or Winnebago) -
              Wisconsin (U.S.)]



Nevada

Las Vegas Paiute 

[Las Vegas Paiute
                  Tribe (Nevada)]

30 Dec 1911                Las Vegas Paiute Colony established (part of the Moapa River
                             Indian Reservation) in Las Vegas, Nevada.
18 Jun 1934                Las Vegas Paiutes recognized as separate from the Moapa River
                             Reservation.
22 Jul 1970                Tribe recognized by Federal government (Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute 
                             Indians).

Chairmen
1970 - 1978                ....
1978 - 1980                Gloria Yazzie (f)
1980 - 1988                ....
1988 - 1990                Margaret Henry (f)
1990 - 1993                Alfreda Mitre (f) (1st time)    (b. 1954)
1993 - 1994                ....
1994 - 1998                Alfreda Mitre (f) (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1998 - 1999                Kenny Anderson
1999 -                     Curtis Anderson


Paiute Shoshone Tribe of Fallon Reservation

1887                       Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation

Chairmen
2003 - 13 Nov 2012         Alvin Moyle
13 Nov 2012 -              George Len


Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California

[Washoe Tribe of Nevada
                  and California]

24 Jan 1936                Federal recognition.

Chairmen of Tribal Council
1990 - 2006                A. Brian Wallace
 1 Dec 2006 -  1 Dec 2010  Waldo W. Walker
 1 Dec 2010 -              Wanda Batchelor (f)



New Hampshire

None Recognized

New Jersey

None Recognized

New Mexico


Pueblo of Acoma

[Pueblo of Acoma
              (New Mexico)]

Pueblo de Conchiti

[Pueblo de Conchiti (New
              Mexico)]

Pueblo of Laguna

[Pueblo of Laguna
              (New Mexico)]

Pueblo of Nambe

[Nambe Pueblo - New Mexico
              (U.S.)]

Pueblo of Picuris

[Pueblo of Picuris
              (New Mexico)]

Pueblo of Sandia

[Pueblo of
              Sandia (New Mexico)]

Pueblo of San Ildefonso

[Pueblo of San
              Ildefonso (New Mexico)]

Pueblo of Santa Clara

[Pueblo of Santa
              Clara (New Mexico)]


Pueblo of Zuni

Pueblo of Zuni (New Mexico)

Governors
1830 - 1875                Lai-iu-ah-tsai-ah (Pedro Pino)
                            (governor several times in this period)
1858                       Mariano (1st time)
1863                       Mariano (2nd time)
1875 - 1885                Ba:lawahdiwa
                            (Palowahtiwa, Patricio Pino)
1885                       Yacqui Pie (Yaki)
1885                       Quala Mona
1888                       Dick Senaha (Tsinnahe)
1889                       Juan Antonio (Juan DeDiose)
1891                       Jesus Eriacho
1895                       Mu:ma (1st time)
                             (Ramon Luna, Mormon)
1897 - 1899                Mu:ma (2nd time)
1907                       Jesus Eriacho
1907 - 1909                Keecko (Quicko) Chavez
1909                       DaThlana (Di:clana)
1909 - 1911                Juan DeDiose
                            (Kwan Antonia, Juan Antonia)
1912 - 1916                William F. Lewis (1st time)
1917                       Ernest Seciwa
1917                       Margaret Lewis (f) (intetrim)
1917 - 19..                William F. Lewis (2nd time)
1923                       Wayhusiwa
1923                       Mocko Ondulacy
1923 - 1924                Dumahka (Nick)
1924 - 1926                Eustace (Usstisy)
1926 - 192.                Nastacio
1928 - 1933                Lallio (1st time)
1933                       Warren Ondulacy
1933                       Leopoldo Eriacho
1935                       Lallio (2nd time)
1935 - 1941                Henry Gaspar (1st time)
1942                       Henry Natewa
1943                       Lallio (3rd time)
1943 - 1947                Henry Gaspar (2nd time)
1947 - 1951                Leopoldo Eriacho
1951 - 1954                Conrado Lesarlley
1955                       Latone Wyaco
1955 - 1957                Casa Appa
1957 - 1960                Calvin Eustace
1960 - 1962                Warren Ondulacy
1962 - 1964                Fred Bowanie
1965 - 1974                Robert E. Lewis (1st time)
1975 - 1978                Edison Laselute
1979 - 1982                Robert E. Lewis (2nd time)
1982 - 1983                Quincy Panteah
1983 - 1986                Chauncey Simplicio
1987 - 1994                Robert E. Lewis (3rd time)
1994 - 1998                Donald Eriacho
1998 - 2002                Malcolm Bowkaty
2002 -  5 Jan 2007         Arlen P. Quetawki
Sr. (1st time)
 5 Jan 2007 - 2011         Norman J. Cooeyate
2011 -                    
Arlen P. Quetawki Sr. (2nd time)


New York


Cayuga Nation

Representative
c.2011 -                   Clint C. Halftown


Mohawk  (St. Regis Mohawk Tribe)

Oneida

[Oneida Nation (New
              York)]

Seneca Nation of Indians

[flag of the Seneca Nation
              (New York)(US)]

1794                       Canandaigua Treaty of Peace
15 Sep 1797                Allegany and Cattaraugus Indian Reservations established.
15 Jan 1838 - 1842         U.S. attempts to remove Seneca and other tribes west.
 4 Dec 1848                Seneca Nation of Indians, constitution adopted.
1857                       Seneca Tonawanda Band secedes.

Presidents

 4 Dec 1848 - 1849         Solomon William MacLane
1850 - 1851                Zechariah L. Jimerson
1852 - 1853                Jacob Blacksnake
1853 - 1854                John Luke (1st time)
1854 - 17 Jun 1855         Henry Two Guns                    (d. 1855)
c.1857                     John Luke (2nd time)
c.1858                     Edward Purse
c.1859                     John Luke (3rd time)
c.1860                     Isaac Halftown                    (b. 1790? - d. 1879)
c.1862                     Henry Silverheels (1st time)
1864 - 1865                Henry Silverheels (2nd time)
af.1865                    Harrison Halftown
1867 - 1868                Peter Snow (1st time)
c.1871                     William Krouse
1872 - 1873                Peter Snow (2nd time)
1874 - 1875                William Nephew
1875 - 1876                Casler Redeye                     (b. 1829 - d. af.1910)
1876 - 1877                Andrew John, Jr. (1st time)
1882                       Sylvester Cowles Lay              (b. 1822 - d. 1907)
1884                       Chester C. Lay
1888                       Chester C. Lay
1890                       Andrew John, Jr. (2nd time)
1891 - 1892                Thomas Kennedy
1892 - 1893                Wallace Halftown
1893 - 1894                Frank L. Patterson (1st time)     (b. 18.. - d. 1925)
1894 - 1895                William C. Hoag (1st time)
       (b. 1860 - d. 1927)
1895 - 1896                Frank L. Patterson (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1896 - 1897                William C. Hoag (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1897 - 1898                Theodore F. Jamerson
c.1902                     William C. Hoag (3rd time)        (s.a.)
c.1906                     William C. Hoag (4th time)        (s.a.)
c.1912                     George Dekker 
1912 - 1914                Frank L. Patterson (3rd time)     (s.a.)
1914 - 1916                ....
1916 - 1918                Frank L. Patterson (4th time)     (s.a.)
1918 - 1920                ....
1920 - 1922                ....
1922 - 1924                William C. Hoag (5th time)        (s.a.)
Nov 1924 -  6 Nov 1925     Frank L. Patterson (5th time)     (s.a.)
Nov 1925 - 31 Jul 1927     William C. Hoag (6th time)        (s.a.)
1928 - 1930                Ray W. Jimerson (1st time)
1930 - 1932                Leland John                       (b. 1898 - d. 1989)
1932 - 1934                Ray W. Jimerson (2nd time)
1934 - Aug 1935
            Henry John                        (d. 1935)
Aug 1935 - 1936            Franklin John
1936 - 1938                Adlai S. Williams
1938 - 1940                Wilford J. Crouse (3rd time)
1940 - 1942                Cornelius Seneca (1st time)
1942 - 1944                Wilford J. Crouse (4th time)      (1902 - 1944)
1944 - 1946                Cornelius Seneca (2nd time)
1946 - 1948                Calvin John (1st time)
1948 - 1950                Dean Williams
1950 - 1952                Calvin John (2nd time)
1952 - 1954                Francis Kettle
1954 - 1956                Leo Cooper
1956 - 1958                Cornelius Seneca (
3rd time)
1958 - 1960                George D. Heron (1st time)        (b. 1919 - d. 2011)
1960 - 1962                Basil Williams
1962 - 1964                George D. Heron (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1964 - 1966                Martin Seneca, Sr.
1966 - 1968                Calvin John (3rd time)
1968 - 1970                William Seneca                    (b. 1926? - d. 1984)
1970 - 1972                James E. George
1972 - 1974                Dean Williams
1974 - 1976                Robert C. Hoag (1st time)         (b. 1935 - d. 1989)
1976 - 1978                Calvin E. Lay                     (b. 1925 - d. 2012)
1978 - 1980                Robert C. Hoag (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1980 - 1982                Barry E. Snyder, Sr. (1st time)
1982 - 1984                Lionel R. John                    (b. 1938 - d. 1993)
1984 - 1986                Calvin E. Lay (1st time)
1986 - 1988                Robert C. Hoag (3rd time)         (s.a.)
1988 - 1990                Dennis M. Lay (2nd time)
1990 - 1992                Calvin John                       (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
1992 - 1994                Barry E. Snyder, Sr. (2nd time)
1994 - 1996                Dennis J. Bowen
1996 - 1998                Michael Schindler
1998 - 2000                Duane J. Ray
2000 - 2002                Cyrus Schindler
2002 - 2004                Barry E. Snyder, Sr. (3rd time)
2004 - 2006                Rickey Armstrong
2006 - 2008                Maurice A. John
2008 -  9 Nov 2010         Barry E. Snyder, Sr. (4th time)
 9 Nov 2010 - 2012         Robert Odawi Porter
2012 -                     Barry E. Snyder, Sr. (5th time)


Shinnecock Indian Nation

Shinnecock Indian Nation (New
                York)

 1 Oct 2010                Shinnecock Nation federally recognized.

Chairmen
.... - ....                Lance Gumbs
.... - ....                Frederick C. Bess
c.2010 -                   Randy King


Tuscarora Nation


North Carolina

Eastern Band of Cherokee

[flag of Eastern Band of
                Cherokee Indians (North Carolina)]

1824                       Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians formed in North Carolina at
                             Qualla Boundary after removal west of other Cherokee.

1865                       North Carolina assured the permanent residence of the Cherokees.

Principal Chiefs
1824 - Apr 1839            Yonaguska (Drowning Bear)          (b. c.1759 - d. 1839)
1839 - 1869                William Holland Thomas             (b. 1805 - d. 1893)
 1 Dec 1870 - 1875         Salonitah (Flying Squirrel)
1875 - 1880                Lloyd R. Welch                     (d. 1880)  
1880 - 1891                Nimrod Jarrett Smith (Tsaladihi
)   (b. 1837 - d. 1893)
1891 - 1895                Stillwell Saunooke  
1895 - 1899                Andy Standing Deer  
1899 - 1903                Jesse Reed  
1903 - 1907                Bird Saloloneeta (Young Squirrel)
1907 - 1911                John Goins  
1911 - 1915                Joseph A. Saunooke (1st time)  
1915 - 1919                David Blythe  
1919 - 1923                Joseph A. Saunooke (2nd time)  
1923 - 1927                Sampson Owl  
1927 - 1931                John A. Tahquette  
1931 - 1947                Jarret Blythe (1st time)           (b. 1886 - d. 1977)  
1947 - 1951                Henry Bradley                      (b. 1883 - d. 1965)  
1951 - 1955                Osley Bird Saunooke (1st time)  
1955 - 1959                Jarret Blythe (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1959 - 1963                Olsey Bird Saunooke (2nd time)  
1963 - 1967                Jarret Blythe (3rd time)           (s.a.)  
1967 - 1971                Walter Jackson  
1971 - 1973                Noah Powell  
1973 - 1983                John A. Crowe
1983 - 1987                Robert S. Youngdeer
1987 - 1995                Jonathan L. Taylor
15 Sep 1995 -  2 Oct 1995  Gerard Parker
1995 - 1999                Joyce C. Dugan (f)
1999 - 2003                Leon Jones  
2003 -                     Michell Hicks


North Dakota

Spirit Lake Tribe

[Spirit Lake Tribe
              (North Dakota)]

Standing Rock Sioux

[Standing Rock Sioux (North Dakota)]


Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation (T
hree Affiliated Tribes)

[Three Affiliated Tribes
              (Mandan, Hidatsa, & Arikara) of the Fort Berthold
              Reservation (North Dakota)]

1870                       Fort Berthold Indian Reservation created.

1934                       Three Affiliated Tribes

Chairmen
1985 - 1990                Edward Lone Fight                  (b. 1939)
1990 - 1998                ....
1998 - 2006                Tex G. Hall "Red Tipped Arrow"     (b. 1956)
                             (1st time)
2006 - 2010                Marcus Levings
2010 -                     Tex G. Hall (2nd time)             (s.a.)

1947 - 1951                Henry Bradley                      (b. 1883 - d. 1965)  



Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa

[Turtle
              Mountain Band of Chippewa (North Dakota)]



Ohio

None Recognized

Oklahoma

Apache Tribe of Oklahoma

[Apache Tribe of Oklahoma]



Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma

 
[Absentee-Shawnee
              Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma ]
                         Adopted 1974

1793                            Eastern Shawnee received a Spanish land grant at Cape
                                  Girardeau, Missouri.
1845                            Absentee Shawnee Tribe absented itself from the reservation
                                  in Kansas (thus their name), and traveled southwards to
                                  Texas and later Oklahoma.
1869                            Kansas Shawnee forced to merge with Oklahoma Cherokee.
26 Jun 1936                     Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma federally   
                                  recognized.
 
Governors
c.1892                          John Welch
1894 - ....                     Thomas Wildcat Alford            (b. 1860 - d. 1938)
c.1935                          James W. Alford
c.1938                          Thomas B. Hood
c.1949                          Harold Abraham
c.1953                          Charles R. Alford
c.1957 - 197.                   Arthur Rolette                   (d. 1977)
197. - 197.                     Betty Mahardy Watson (f)
c.1974                          Daniel Little Axe (1st time)
c.1976                          Lee Edwards
1978 - 1984                     John Sloat
c.1985 - c.1989                 Daniel Little Axe (2nd time)
c.1990 - 1991                   Larry Nuckolls (1st time)
1991 - 20 May 1992              John Edwards
1992                            Leroy Ellis (acting)
c.1993 - 1999                   Larry Nuckolls (2nd time)
Jan 1999 - 21 Oct 2003          James Lee Edwards                (b. 19.. - d. 2003)
2003 – 2005                     Kenneth Blanchard
2005 – 2007                     Larry Nuckolls (3rd time)
2007 – 31 Dec 2007              Jennifer Onzahwah (f)
31 Dec 2007 - 2008              Scott Miller
2008 -                          George Blanchard


Cherokee Nation

[Cherokee
                      Braves Confederate Battle Flag]           7 Oct 1861 - 23 Jun 1865           
        Cherokee Braves Battle Flag
Cherokee Flag 1978-89 (Oklahoma)                  9 Oct 1978 - 9 Sep 1989 Cherokee Flag (Oklahoma)                    Adopted 9 Sep 1989

 7 Oct 1861                Treaty of alliance with the Confederate States of America.
20 Feb 1863                Pro-U.S. faction revokes treaty with the Confederacy.
19 Jul 1866                "Reconstruction" Treaty with U.S.
24 Apr 1906                End of national self-government.
1971                       Restoration of tribal self-government.
26 Jun 1976                Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
26 Jul 2003                Renamed the Cherokee Nation.

Principal Chiefs, Western Cherokees
1795 - 1813                John Bowles
1813 - 1818                Takatoka (Degadoga)
1818 - 1819                Tahlonteeskee (Ataluntiski)        (d. 1819)
1819 - 28 Dec 1838         John Jolly (Ahuludegi)             (b. c.1763 - d. 1838)
Dec 1838 - 1839            John Looney
1839 - 11 Oct 1839         John Brown
11 Oct 1839 - 1840         John Rogers                        (b. 1778 - d. 1846)
Principal Chiefs, Eastern Cherokees
1730 - c.1753              Moytag                             (d. c.1753)
1753 - Aug 1760            Old Hop (Kanagatoga)               (d. 1760)
1760 - 1778                Attacullaculla                     (d. 1778)
1778 - 1780                Oconocoasta                        (d. 1783)
1780 - Jun 1788            Old Tassel (Kayatihi)              (d. 1788)
1788 - 1792                Haning Maw (Uskwaliguta)           (d. 1794)
1792 - 1801                Little Turkey (Kanagadoga)         (b. 1758 - d. 1801)
1801 - 22 Jul 1811         Blackfox (Enoli)                   (d. 1811)
1811 -  6 Jan 1827         Pathkiller (Nunnadihi)             (b. 1749 - d. 1827)
Jan 1827 - 20 Jan 1827     Charles Renatus Hicks              (b. 1767 - d. 1837)
1827 - 1828                William Hicks                      (b. 1769 - d. 1823)        
Oct 1828 - 11 Aug 1866     John Ross                          (b. 1790 - d. 1866)
Principal Chiefs
 2 Oct 1839 -  1 Aug 1866  John Ross                          (s.a.)
                            (in exile in Kansas, 3 Aug 1862 - Jun 1865)
21 Aug 1862 - 1866         Stand Watie (in rebellion)         (b. 1806 - d. 1871)
                            (elected by Confederate Cherokee;
                             surrendered to U.S. 23 Jun 1865)
 1 Aug 1866 - 19 Oct 1866  Lewis Downing (1st time) (acting)  (b. 1823 - d. 1882)
19 Oct 1866 -  4 Nov 1867  William Potter Ross (1st time)     (b. 1820 - d. 1891)
 4 Nov 1867 -  9 Nov 1872  Lewis Downing (2nd time)           (s.a.)
10 Nov 1872                Charles Thompson (1st time)        (d. 1891)
11 Nov 1872 -  1 Nov 1875  William Potter Ross (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1875 -  3 Nov 1879  Charles Thompson (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1879 -  1 Aug 1887  Dennis Wolf Bushyhead              (b. 1826 - d. 1898)
 1 Aug 1887 - 14 Dec 1891  Joel Bryan Mayes                   (b. 1833 - d. 1891)
14 Dec 1891 - 23 Dec 1891  Thomas Mitchell Buffington         (b. 1855 - d. 1938)
                             (1st time) (acting)
23 Dec 1891 -  4 Nov 1895  Colonel Johnson Harris             (b. 1856 - d. 1921)
 4 Nov 1895 -  6 Nov 1899  Samuel Houston Mayes               (b. 1845 - d. 1927)
 6 Nov 1899 -  2 Nov 1903  Thomas Mitchell Buffington         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 2 Nov 1903 - 21 Nov 1905  William Charles Rogers (1st time)  (b. 1849 - d. 1917)
21 Nov 1905 - 1906         Frank Josiah Boudinot              (b. 1866 - d. 1945)
1906 - 1917                William Charles Rogers (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1917 - 1919                Vacant
 8 Nov 1919 - 25 Nov 1919  Andrew Bell Cunningham             (b. 1869 - d. 1928)
26 Nov 1919 - 23 Jun 1923  Vacant
23 Jun 1923                Edward M. Frye                     (b. 1879 - d. 19..)
24 Jun 1923 - 15 Oct 1925  Vacant
15 Oct 1925                Richard Baxter Choate              (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
16 Oct 1925 - 27 Dec 1927  Vacant
27 Dec 1927                Charles J. Hunt                    (b. 1876 - d. 19..)
28 Dec 1927 - 26 May 1931  Vacant
26 May 1931                Oliver P. Brewer                   (b. 1871 - d. 19..)
27 May 1931 - 22 Jan 1936  Vacant
22 Jan 1936                William Wirt Hastings              (b. 1866 - d. 1938)
23 Jan 1936 - 1941         Vacant
1941 - 1949                Jesse Bartley Milam                (b. 1884 - d. 1949)
1949 - 1975                William Wayne Keeler               (b. 1908 - d. 1987) 
1975 - 1985                Ross O. Swimmer                    (b. 1943)
1985 - 1995                Wilma Pearl Mankiller (f)          (b. 1945 - d. 2010)
1995 - 1999                Joe Byrd                           (b. 1954)
14 Aug 1999 - 14 Aug 2011  Chad "Corntassel" Smith            (b. 1950)
14 Aug 2011 - 19 Oct 2011  S. Joe Crittenden (acting)         (b. 1944)
19 Oct 2011 -              Bill John Baker                    (b. 1951?)

Cherokee Indian Agents
177. - 1779                Alexander Cameron 
1779 - 178.                Thomas Brown 
c.1785                     Joseph Martin
1794 - 1799                John McKee 
Eastern Cherokee Indian Agents

1801 - 28 Jan 1823         Return Jonathan Meigs              (b. 1734 - d. 1823)
1823 - 1824                Joseph McMinn                      (b. 1758 - d. 1824)
1824 - 1832                Hugh Montgomery
1832 - 1833?
              William H. Cleghorn
Western Cherokee Indian Agents
1809? - 1813               Samuel Treat
1813 - 1817                William Lewis Lovely               (d. 1817)
1817 - 1820                Reuben Lewis                       (b. 1777 - d. 1844)
1820 - 1823                David Brearly
Dec 1823 - 1830            Edward W. Duval
1830 - 1835                George Vashon 
Cherokee Indian Agents
1836 - 1841                Montfort Stokes                    (b. 1762 - d. 1842)
1841 - 1846                Pierce Mason Butler                (b. 1798 - d. 1847)
1846 - 13 Jan 1848         James McKissick
Jan 1848 - Mar 1848        Gustavus Loomis (acting)
1848 - May 1849            Richard C.S. Brown
29 May 1849 - 21 Sep 1850  William Butler, Jr.                (d. 1850)
24 Sep 1850 -  8 Dec 1850  William G. Belknap (acting)
31 Oct 1850 -  4 Apr 1861  George Butler
Apr 1861 - Jun 1861        John Crawford 
                             (for the Confederate States Jun 1861 - 186.)
Jun 1861 - 31 Aug 1862     Charles W. Chatterton              (d. 1862)
1862 - 1866                James Harlan (acting to 1863)
1866 - 1867                John P. Humphreys
1867                       E.C. Cleaveland 
1867                       William Touples
1867 - 1868                J.J. Henderson
1868 - 1869                William B.D. Davis
1869 - 1870                John Craig 
1870 - 1874                John Buttrick Jones                (b. 1824 - d. 1876)
1874 - 1914                the Muskogee Union Agents 


Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribe of Oklahoma

[Cheyenne and
              Arapaho Tribe of Oklahoma]


Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma

[Chickasaw Nation of
                Oklahoma flag]

17 Jan 1837 - 22 Jun 1855  Component part (District) of the Choctaw Nation.
 1 Jul 1861                Treaty of alliance with the Confederate States of America.
28 Apr 1866                "Reconstruction" Treaty with U.S.
24 Apr 1906                End of national self-government.
1971                       Restoration of tribal self-government.

Minko (hereditary chiefs)
17.. - 1784                Payamataha                               (d. 1784)
                           - jointly with - 
17.. - 1784                Mincohouma (Mingo Houma) 
1784 - 1794                Taski Etoka 
1794 - 1819                Chinubbee                                (d. 1819)
1819 - 1820?               Chehopieschee
1820 - 1822                Ishtehotopa
Chiefs of the Chickasaw District, Chiefs of the Chickasaw People
1838 -  7 Jan 1839         George Colbert                           (b. 1764 - d. 1839)
1839 - 1844                ....
1844 - 1846                Isaac Alberson (Samuel Seeley)           (d. 1849/51)
1846 - 1848                James McLaughlin                         (b. c.1784 - d. 18..)
1848 - 1850                Edmund Pickens                           (b. 1789 - d. 1868)
1850 - 1856                Daugherty Winchester Colbert             (b. 1810 - d. 1880)
Governors
1856 - 1858                Cyrus H. Harris (1st time)               (b. 1817 - d. 1888)
1858 - 1860                Daugherty Winchester Colbert (1st time)  (s.a.)
1860 - 1862                Cyrus H. Harris (2nd time)               (s.a.)
1862 - 1866                Daugherty Winchester Colbert (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (in Texas exile Feb 1864 - 16 Jul 1865)
1864                       Horace Pratt (acting)
1866                       Jackson Kemp (acting)
1866 - 1870                Cyrus H. Harris (3rd time)               (s.a.)
1870 - 1871                William P. Brown                         (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
1871 - 1872                Thomas J. Parker                         (d. 1890)
1872 - 1874                Cyrus H. Harris (4th time)               (s.a.)
1874 - 1878                Benjamin Franklin Overton (1st time)     (b. 1836 - d. 1884)
1878 - 1880                Benjamin Crooks Burney                   (b. 1844 - d. 1892)
1880 -  8 Feb 1884         Benjamin Franklin Overton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1884 - 1886                Jonas Wolfe (1st time)                   (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
1886 - 1888                William Malcom Guy                       (b. 1845 - d. 1918)
1888 - 1892                William Leander Byrd                     (b. 1844 - d. 1915)
1892 - Jun 1894            Jonas Wolfe (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
Jun 1894 - Oct 1894        Tecumsah A. McClure (acting)             (b. c.1830 - d. ....)
Oct 1894 - Aug 1896        Palmer Simeon Mosely (1st time)          (b. 1851 - d. 1908)
Aug 1896 - 1898            Robert Maxwell Harris                    (b. 1850 - d. 1927)
1898 - 1902                Douglas Henry Johnston (1st time)        (b. 1858 - d. 1939)
1902 - 1904                Palmer Simeon Mosely (2nd time)          (s.a.)
1904 - 26 Apr 1906         Douglas Henry Johnston (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1906                       Peter Maytubby                           (b. 1837 - d. 1907) 
1906 - 26 Jun 1939         Douglas Henry Johnston (3rd time)        (s.a.)
1939 - 23 Feb 1963         Floyd Ernest Maytubby                    (b. 1893 - d. 1963) 
May 1963 - Oct 1963        Hugh Maytubby                            (b. 1892 - d. 1970) 
1963 - 1987                Overton James                            (b. 1925)
1987 -                     Bill Anoatubby                           (b. 1945)

Chickasaw Indian Agents
1794 - 1796                John McKee
1797 - 1806                Samuel Mitchell 
1806 - 1808                William Hill
1808 - 1809                Thomas Wright
 8 Jul 1809 -  3 Jun 1812  James Neelly (or Neeley)
1812 - 1814                James Robertson
1814 - 1818                William Cocke 
Apr 1818 - 1820            Henry Sherburne
Jan 1820 - 1823            Robert C. Nicholas
Dec 1823 - 1829            Benjamin F. Smith 
1829 - 1830                John Allen (acting)
1830 - 1837                Benjamin Reynolds
 9 Mar 1837 - 1851         A.M.M. Upshaw 
1851 - 1852                Kenton Harper 
1852 - 1856                Andrew J. Smith 
1856 - 1874                the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian Agents
1874 - 1914                the Muskogee Union Agents


Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

[Choctaw
                          Nation of Oklahoma flag 1861-1864]
     1861 - 1864  Pro-Confederate States flag
[Modern
                          Oklahoma Choctaw Flag]
        Modern Choctaw of Oklahoma Flag

1834 - 1838                Governed by the chiefs of the Moshulatubbee District,
                             the Oklafalaya District, and the Pushmataha District.
1838 - Oct 1857            Governed by the chiefs of the Moshulatubbee District,
                             the Apukshunnubbee District, the Pushmataha District,
                             and the Chickasaw District (s.a.).
 1 Jul 1861                Treaty of alliance with the Confederate States of America.
28 Apr 1866                "Reconstruction" Treaty with U.S.
24 Apr 1906 - Aug 1971     End of national self-government.
Aug 1971                   Restoration of tribal self-government.

Chiefs of Moshulatubbee District
1834 - 1836                Moshulatubbee                      (
b. c.1778 - d. 1838)
1836 - 1838                Joseph Kincaid
1838 - 1842                John McKinley
1842 - 1846                Nathaniel Folsom                   (b. 1811 - d. 18..)
1846 - 1850                Peter Folsom                       (d. 1885)
1850 - 1854                Cornelius McCurtain                (b. 1803 - d. 1871)
1854 - Oct 1857            David McCoy
Chief of Oklafalaya District

1834 - 1838                Thomas LeFlore                     (b. 1792 - d. c.1850)
Chiefs of Apukshunnubbee District
1838 - 1842                James Fletcher
1842 - 1850                Thomas LeFlore                     (s.a.)
1850 - Oct 1857            George Washington Harkins          (b. 1810 - d. 1861)
Chiefs of Pushmataha District
1834 - 1838                Nitukechi (1st time)               (d. 1846)
1838 - 1841                Pierre Juzan                       (b. 1805 - d. 1841)
1841 - 1846                Isaac Folsom
1846                       Nitukechi (2nd time)               (s.a.)
1846 - 1850                Silas D. Fisher
1850 - 1854                George Folsom
1854 - Oct 1857            Nicholas Cochnauer
Governors
Oct 1857 - 1858            Alfred Wade                        (b. 1811 - d. 1878)
1857 - Oct 1859            Tandy C. Walker                    (b. 1814 - d. 1877)
Oct 1859 -  1 Oct 1860     Basil LeFlore                      (b. 1810 - d. 1886)
Principal chiefs
 1 Oct 1860 -  6 Oct 1862  George Hudson                      (b. 1808 - d. 1865)
 6 Oct 1862 -  3 Oct 1864  Samuel Garland                     (b. 1803 - d. 1870)
 3 Oct 1864 -  1 Oct 1866  Peter Perkins Pitchlynn            (b. 1806 - d. 1881)
 1 Oct 1866 -  3 Oct 1870  Allen Wright                       (b. 1826 - d. 1885)
 3 Oct 1870 -  5 Oct 1874  William J. Bryant 
 5 Oct 1874 -  7 Oct 1878  Coleman Cole                       (b. c.1800 - d. 1886)
 7 Oct 1878 - Feb 1880     Isaac Levi Garvin                  (b. 1832 - d. 1880)
Feb 1880 -  6 Oct 1884     Jackson Frazier McCurtain          (b. 1830 - d. 1885)
                             (acting to 3 Oct 1880)
 6 Oct 1884 -  3 Oct 1886  Edmund McCurtain                   (b. 1842 - d. 1890)
 3 Oct 1886 -  1 Oct 1888  Thompson McKinney                  (b. c.1837 - d. 1889)
 1 Oct 1888 -  6 Oct 1890  Benjamin Franklin Smallwood        (b. 1829 - d. 1891)
 6 Oct 1890 -  1 Oct 1894  Wilson Nathaniel Jones             (b. 1831 - d. 1901)
 1 Oct 1894 -  5 Oct 1896  Jefferson Gardner                  (b. 1847 - d. 1906)
 5 Oct 1896 -  1 Oct 1900  Green McCurtain (1st time)         (b. 1848 - d. 1910)
 1 Oct 1900 -  6 Oct 1902  Gilbert W. Dukes                   (b. 1849 - d. 1919)
 6 Oct 1902 - 1910         Green McCurtain (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1910 - 1918                Victor Locke, Jr.                  (b. 1876 - d. 1929)
1918 - 1922                William Finley Sample              (b. 1883 - d. 1969)
1922 - 25 Sep 1929         William Henry Harrison             (b. 1876 - d. 1929)
1929 - 1936                Ben H. Dwight                      (b. 1890 - d. 1953)
1937 -  1 Aug 1948         William A. Durrant                 (b. 1866 - d. 1948)
1948 - 1975                Harry J.W. Belvin                  (b. 1900 - d. 1986)
26 Aug 1975 - 13 Jan 1978  C. David Gardner                   (b. 1940 - d. 1978)
Chiefs
Apr 1978 - 1997            Hollis E. Roberts                  (b. 1943 - d. 2011)
 9 Jun 1997 -              Gregory E. Pyle                    (b. 1949) 

Choctaw Indian Agents
1799 - 1802                John McKee (1st time)
1802 - 1814                Silas Dinsmoor 
1814 - 1821                John McKee (2nd time)
1821 - 1822                William Ward (1st time)
1822 - 182.                Edmund Fulsom 
1825 - 1831                William Ward (2nd time)
1832 - 1835                F.W. Armstrong 
1835 - 1846                William Armstrong 
1846 - 1850?               Samuel Rutherford
 9 Sep 1850 - 1851         John Drennen
1851 - 1854                William Wilson
1854 - 1856                Douglas H. Cooper
Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian Agents
1856 - 1861                Douglas H. Cooper
1861 - 1862                Richard P. Pulliam
1862 - 1866                Isaac Coleman 
Dec 1866 - 1870            Martin W. Chollar
1870 - 1873                Theophilus D. Griffith
1873 - 1874                Albert Parsons
1874 - 1914                the Muskogee Union Agents


Citizen Potawatomi Nation

[Citizen Potawatomi Nation
                (Oklahoma)]


Comanchee Nation

Comanche Nation (Oklahoma)
                   Adopted c.1991


....                      Comanchee Nation of Oklahoma federally recognized.

Chairmen
.... - ....               Wallace Coffey
.... - 16 Jun 2011
       Michael Burgess
16 Jun 2011 -             Johnny Wauqua

Delaware Nation

Delaware Nation (Delaware
                of Western Oklahoma)

 5 Jul 1958                Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma federally recognized.
Nov 1999                   Name changed to Delaware Nation.

President
2006 -                     Kerry Holton


Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma

[Eastern Shawnee Tribe of
                Oklahoma (U.S.)]

Jul 1831                   Shawnee of Ohio relocated to Oklahoma.
1832                       United Nation of Senecas and Shawnees
1867                       Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
26 Jun 1936                Federal recognition.


Chief
 6 Dec 2006  -             Glenna J. Wallace (f)


Fort Sill Apache

[Fort Sill Apache
                (Oklahoma)]


Iowa Nation of Oklahoma

Iowa Nation of Oklahoma


Chairmen
2004 - 2006                E. Bernadette Huber (f)
2006 - 17 Jul 2009         Christie L. Modlin (f)
17 Jul 2009 -              Janice Rowe-Kurak
(f)



Kaw Nation

[Kaw Nation (New Mexico)]

Paramount chiefs
1867 - 1873                Allegawaho                         (b. c. 1820 - d. c.1897)
1873 - 1908                Washunga                           (d. 1908)
1908 - 1922                Vacant
Nov 1922 - 1934            Lucy Tayiah-Eads (f)               (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
1934 - 1935                Ernest E. Thompson
1935 - 1958                Council dissolved
Chairmen of the Business Committee
1958 - 1975                Tom Dennison
1975 - 19..                Jesse Mehojah
1982 - 1986?               Maurice M. Chouteau
1987 - 1990                William Mehojah                    (b. 1917 - d. 2000)
1990 - 2002                Wanda Stone (f)
2002 -                     Guy Munroe



Kickapoo Nation

[Kickapoo Nation (Oklahoma)]

Kialegee Tribal Town

[Kialegee Tribal
              Town (Oklahoma)]

Kiowa of Oklahoma

[Kiowa of Oklahoma]

Lenni Lenape (Eastern Delaware)

[Lenni
              Lenape or the Delaware (Oklahoma)]


Miami Tribe of Oklahoma

[Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
                (U.S.)]

1846                       Tribe removed from Great Lakes region to Kansas.
1867                       Tribe removed to Oklahoma.
10 Oct 1939                Miami Tribe of Oklahoma

Chiefs
c.1962                     Harley Palmer
1974 - 1982                Floyd E. Leonard (1st time)        (b. 1925 - d. 2008)
1982 - 1989                ....
1989 -  7 Mar 2008
        Floyd E. Leonard (2nd time)        (s.a.)
2008 -                     Thomas E. Gamble



Muskogee Nation (Creek) of Oklahoma

[Muskogee
                            (Creek) flag 19th Century flag]  
                  19th Century flag
[Muskogee
                            (Creek) confederate flag]
   1861 - 1865?  Pro-Confederate States flag
[Muskogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma
                            flag]
        Muskogee Nation of Oklahoma flag

1836 - Dec 1867            Divided into the Lower Towns and the Upper Towns.
 1 Jul 1861                Lower Creeks sign treaty of alliance with the Confederate States.
14 Jun 1866                "Reconstruction" Treaty with U.S.
24 Apr 1906                End of national self-government.
1971                       Restoration of tribal self-government.

Principal chiefs of the Lower Towns
1836 - 1837                Heneha Micco
1837 - 1859                Roderick McIntosh "Roley McIntosh"
1859 - 1863                Motey Canard "Motey Kinnard"       (b. c.1790 - d. 186.)
1863 - Dec 1867            Samuel Checote                     (b. 1819 - d. 1884)
Principal chiefs of the Upper Towns
1836 - 18..                Nehathlucco Hopoie "Little Doctor"
1861 - 27 Mar 1863         Hupuihilth Yahola "Opothle Yahola" (b. c.1780 - d. 1863)
                            (in opposition to Confederate sympathizers;
                             from Dec 1861 in Kansas exile)
18.. - 18..                Tamarthla Micco
18.. - 1859                Tuckabatchee Micco (1st time)
1859 - 1863                Echo Harjo
1863 - 1865                Tuckabatchee Micco (2nd time)
1865 - Dec 1867            Oktarharsars Harjo "Sands"         (d. 1872)
                            (already proclaimed 5 Aug 1861)
Principal chiefs
Dec 1867 - Dec 1875        Samuel Checote (1st time)          (s.a.)
Dec 1875 -  5 Dec 1876     Lochar Harjo                       (d. 1879)
 5 Dec 1876 -  6 Dec 1879  Ward Coachman                      (b. 1823 - d. 1884)
 6 Dec 1879 -  5 Dec 1883  Samuel Checote (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 5 Dec 1883 - Dec 1887     Joseph Moses Perryman              (b. 1833 - d. 1896)
Dec 1887 - 25 Nov 1895     Legus C. Perryman                  (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
25 Nov 1895 -  5 Dec 1895  Hotulke Emarthla "Edward Bullet"
 5 Dec 1895 - Dec 1899     Isparhecher                        (b. 1858 - d. 1902)
Dec 1899 - 1907            Pleasant Porter                    (b. 1840 - d. 1907)
1907 - 1917                Moty Tiger                         (b. 1840 - d. 1921)
1917 -  2 Dec 1920         George Washington Grayson          (b. 1843 - d. 1920)
                             "Wolf Warrior"
1921 - 1923                Washington Grayson                 (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
1923 - 1928                George W. Hill
1928 - 1935                Vacant
1930  (1 day)              Henry Harjo
1930 - 1931                Vacant
1931  (1 day)              Peter Ewings
1931 - 1935                Vacant
1935 - 1939                Roley Canard (1st time)
1939 - 1943                Alex Noon 
1943 - 1951                Roley Canard (2nd time)
1951 - 1955                John Davis
1955 - 1957                Roley Buck
1957 - 1961                Turner Bear                        (b. 1904 - d. 1972)
1961 - 1971                Waldo E. "Dode" McIntosh           (b. 1891 - d. 1992) 
1971 - 1991                Claude A. Cox 
1991 - 1995                Bill Fife 
1996 -                     R. Perry Beaver

Creek Indian Agents
1790 - 1796                James Seagrove
1796 - Jun 1816            Benjamin Hawkins
1816 - 1821                David Brady Mitchell
1821 - 1836                John Crowell (for Eastern Creek)
1827 - 1830                David Brearley (for Western Creek)
1830 - 1834                John Campbell (for Western Creek) 
1834 - 1836                Leonard Tarrant (for Western Creek) 
29 Aug 1836 -  8 Mar 1837  Francis Audrain
 8 Mar 1837 - 23 Feb 1838  John W.A. Sanford
23 Feb 1838 - 16 May 1842
 James Logan (1st time)
16 May 1842 -  8 Jun 1844
 James L. Dawson 
 8 Jun 1844 -  5 Apr 1849
 James Logan (2nd time)
 5 Apr 1849 - 1854
        Philip H. Raiford
18 Apr 1853 - Jul 1861
     William H. Garrett 
                             (to 1863? for the Confederate States) 
1861 - Jul 1861            William Quesenbury
16 Jul 1861 - 1865            George A. Cutler
May 1863 - 1865            Israel G. Vore
                             (for the Confederate States) 
 9 Jun 1865 - 1869
        James W. Dunn (acting to May 1866)
15 Jul 1869 - 1871         F.A. Field
23 Jan 1871 - Apr 1873     Francis S. Lyons
 9 Apr 1873 - 1874         Edward S. Roberts (acting)
 
Muskogee Union Agents
1874                       John Buttrick Jones (acting)       (b. 1824 - d. 1876) 
1874 - 1876                George W. Ingalls                  (b. 1838 - d. 1920)
1876                       J.J. Upham
1876 - 1879                Sylvester W. Marston
1879 - 1885                John Q. Tufts
1885 - 1889                Robert Latham Owen                 (b. 1856 - d. 1947)
1889 - 1893                Leo E. Bennet                      (b. 1857 - d. ....)
1893 - 1899                Dew Moore Wisdom                   (b. 1836 - d. ....)
1899 - 1905                J. Blair Shoenfelt                 (b. 1859 - d. 19..)
1905 - 1914                Dana H. Kelsey



Osage Nation

[Osage Nation (Oklahoma)]

Grand Tsi-shu (Sky) chiefs

17.. - c.1795              Arrow Going Home Claremore I       (d. c.1795)
c.1795 - c.1796            Town Maker Claremore II
c.1796 - 1808              White Hair I                       (d. 1808)
1808 - bf.1822             White Hair II
bf.1822 - 1833             (George?) White Hair III           (d. 1833)
1833 - Jan 1852            George White Hair IV               (b. c.1802 - d.1852)
1833 - 12 Mar 1861         Iron Hawk White Hair V             (b. 1813 - d. 1861)
1861 - 24 Dec 1869         Little White Hair                  (d. 1869)
Grand Hun-ka (Earth) chiefs
17.. - 1794                Ko-she-se-gra I (Tracks Far Away I)(d. 1794)
                             (= Jean Lafon)
1794 - bf.1820             Ko-she-se-gra II
                             (Tracks Far Away II)        
bf.1820 - Dec 1824         Ko-she-se-gra III
"Mad Buffalo"    (d. 1824)
                             (Tracks Far Away III)
18.. - 18..                Pawnee-no-pa-she I [Star Chief I)
18.. - Dec 1869            Joseph "Joe" Pawnee-no-pa-she II
                             (Star Chief II)
(= Governor Joe)  (b. 1837 - d. 1883)
Governor
D
ec 1869 - 1882           
Joseph "Joe" Pawnee-no-pa-she II   (s.a.)
                            (= Governor Joe)  
Principal Chiefs
1882 - 1883                Governor Joe                       (s.a.) 
1883 - 188.                Strike Axe
188. - 1900                James Bigheart                     (b. 1838 - d. 1908)
1900 - 1906                direct administration by US agents
28 Jun 1906 - 1908         Ne-kah-wah-she-tun-kah (1st time)  (b. 1839 - d. 1923)
Jun 1908 - 1910            Peter Cassi Bigheart               (b. 1838 - d. 1915)
Jun 1910 - 1912            A.H. Brown

Jun 1912 - 1913            Bacon Rind (Wah-tse-mon-in)        (b. 1860 - d. 1932)
1913 - 1914                Fred Lookout (1st time)            (b. 1865 – d. 1949)
Jun 1914 - 1916            A-she-gah-hre
Jun 1916 - 1918
           Fred Lookout (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Jun 1918 - 1920            Charles Brown
Jun 1920 - 1922            Arthur Bonnicastle
Jun 1922 -  3 Aug 1923
    Ne-kah-wah-she-tun-kah (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Aug 1923 - Jun 1924        Paul Red Eagle
Jun 1924 - 28 Aug 1949     Fred Lookout (3rd time)            (s.a.)
1949 - 1954                John Oberly
1954 - 1970                Paul Warren Pitts
1970 - 1982                Sylvester J. Tinker                (b. 1903 - d. 1991)
1982 - 1990                George E. Tallchief
1990 - 2002                Charles O. Tillman, Jr
2002 - 2010                James Ronan Gray
 4 Aug 2010 -              John D. Red Eagle



Otoe-Missouria

[Otoe-Missouria
                Tribe (Oklahoma)]


Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma

Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma

1936                       Federal recognition.  
1956
                       Federal recognition terminated.
15 May 1978                Federal recognition restored.

Chiefs
.... - May 2011            John R. Ballard
May 2011 -                 Ethel E. Cook (f)  

Pawnee of Oklahoma

Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
                        Adopted 1977

1875                       Most of the Pawnee are moved to Oklahoma.
1936                       Federal recognition.

Presidents
2007 - 2011                George E. Howell
21 May 2011 -              Marshall Gover


Peoria of Oklahoma

[Peoria Tribe of Indians of
                Oklahoma]

10 Oct 1939                Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.
 2 Aug 1959
               Federal recognition terminated.
15 May 1978                Federal recognition reinstated.

Chief
.... -                     John P. Forman

Quapaw (Ogahpah) Tribe of Oklahoma

Ogahpah / Quapaw Tribe of
                Oklahoma (U.S.)

Chairmen
1994 - 1996                Grace Goodeagle (f)
1996 - 2000                ....
2000 - 2002                Tamara Summerfield (f)
200. -                     John L. Berrey

Sac and Fox Nations of Oklahoma

Sac and Fox Nation of
                Oklahoma

1937                       Sac and Fox Nations of Oklahoma federally recognized.

Pricipal Chiefs
2003 - 2007                Kay Rhoads (f)
14 Sep 2007 -              George Thurman

Seminole Nation of Oklahoma

[Seminole
                          Confederate flag]
   1861 - 1865  Pro-Confederate States flag
[Seminole Nation of Oklahoma Flag]
         Modern Seminole of Oklahoma Flag

 1 Jul 1861                Treaty of alliance with the Confederate States of America
                             divided the Seminole nation.
21 Mar 1866                "Reconstruction" Treaty with U.S.
24 Apr 1906 - 1935         End of national-self government.
1970                       Tribal government reorganized (Seminole Nation of Oklahoma).

Principal chiefs
1826 – Nov 1833            John Hicks "Tuckose Emathla"       (b. c.1774 – d. 1833)
1833 - Jan 1841            Mikanopi                           (d. 1849)
Jan 1841 - c.1849          Miconnutcharsar "Jim Jumper"       (d. c.1849)
c.1849 - 1865              John Jumper (1st time)             (b. c.1820 - d. 1896)
                            (pro-Confederate chief 1861 - 1865;
                             continues in rebellion to 1875)
1866 - Mar 1881            John Chupco                        (b. c.1821 - d. 1881)
                            (pro-U.S. chief; in Kansas exile
                             1861 - 1865)
Mar 1881 - 1882            Hulputta Che
Jul 1882 - 1885            John Jumper (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1885 - 1901                John Frippo Brown -Governor        (b. 1842 - d. 1919)
                             (1st time)
1901 - 1905                Hulputta Micco                     (b. 18.. - d. 1905)
1905 - 1919                John Frippo Brown (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (Governor to 26 Apr 1906)

1919 - 1922                Interregnum
Chiefs
1922 - 21 Jun 1935         Alice Brown Davis (f)              (b. 1852 - d. 1935)

1935 - 1936                Chilli Fish
1936 - 1942                George Jones
1942 - 1944                Willie Haney
1944 - 1948                Jeffie Brown 
Jun 1948 – Aug 1948        Wattie Gibbs
1948 - Dec 1952            George Harjo                       (b. 1886 - d. 1952) 
Dec 1952 - Jul 1954        Marci Cully                        (b. 1910 - d. ....)
1955 - 1959                Philip Walker
1960 - 1969                John A. Brown 
1969 - 1972                Terry Walker
1972 - 1973                Floyd L. Harjo                     (b. 1911 - d. 2001)
1973 - 1977                Edwin Tanyan (1st time)            (b. 1925 - d. 1996)
1977 - 1978                Richmond Tiger
1978 - 1981                Tom Palmer
1981 - 1985                James N. Milam                     (b. 1929 - d. 2005)
1985 - 1989                Edwin Tanyan (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1989 - 2001                Jerry G. Haney
 1 Sep 2001 - Sep 2005     Kenneth Edward Chambers
Sep 2005 - Sep 2009        Enoch Kelley Haney                 (b. 1940)
 5 Sep 2009 -              Leonard M. Harjo                   (b. 1958?)

Seminole Indian Agents
 3 Mar 1821 - Sep 1821     Jean Penières
28 Sep 1821 - May 1822     John R. Bell
 8 May 1822 - 1830         Gad Humphrey 
Mar 1830 - 1833            John Phagan 
29 Aug 1833 - 28 Dec 1835  Wiley Thompson                     (d. 1835)
1836 - 1838?               William S. Pope
1838? - 1842               ....
19 Jan 1842 - Oct 1842     John McKee
29 Oct 1842 - Jun 1845     Thomas L. Judge
Jun 1845 - Apr 1853
        Marcellus Duval 
26 Apr 1853 - Apr 1854     Bryant H. Smithson 
20 Apr 1854 - Nov 1857     Josiah W. Washbourne
 5 Nov 1857 - 1861         Samuel Morton Rutherford

                             (1861 - 186. for the Confederate States) 
13 Jul 1861                William P. Davis (did not serve)
 7 Jan 1862 - 1865         George C. Snow 
1862 - 1865                Joseph Samuel Murrow               (b. 1835 - d. 1929)
                             (for the Confederate States)
18 Mar 1865 - Jun 1869
     George A. Reynolds 
23 Jun 1869 - Oct 1870     Theodor A. Baldwin
24 Oct 1870 
- 1874        Henry F. Breiner
1874 - 1914                the Muskogee Union Agents



Seneca-Cayuga of Oklahoma

Seneca-Cayuga of Oklahoma

26 Jun 1936                Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma federally recognized.


Chiefs

1936 - ....                ....
.... - 2008                Paul Spicer
 7 Jun 2008 -              LeRoy Howard



Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma (Loyal Shawnee)

[Shawnee Tribe of
              Oklahoma (Loyal Shawnee)]
                        Adopted 1986

 3 Jan 2001                Granted separate federal recognition from Cherokee.

 
Chairmen
.... - ....                Don Greenfeather                   (b. 1946)
.... -                     Ron Sparkman



Thlopthlocco Creek Tribal Town

[Thlopthlocco Creek
              Tribal Town (Oklahoma)]

Tonkawa

[Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma]

United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee 

(flag of United Keetoowah
                Band of Cherokee, Oklahoma)

29 Apr 1859                Keetoowah Society in Oklahoma organized.
 9 Jun 1939                Society reorganized as United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians.
10 Aug 1946                Federal recognition granted.
 3 Oct 1950                Constitution ratified.

Head Captains
1859 - 1887                Bud Gritts
                            (secretary to 14 Feb 1876)
1887 - 1905                Rabbit Bunch
Presidents
1905 - 1920                Richard Wolf
1920 - 1928                Price Cochran
1928 - 1934                Levi B. Gritts
1934 - 1939                Gabriel Terrapin
Principal Chiefs
1939 - 1946                John Hitcher

1946 - 1954                Jim Pickup  
1954 - 1960                Jeff Tindle
1960 - 1967                Jim Pickup
1967 - 1979                William Glory
1979 - 1983                James L. Gordon
1983 - 1991                John Hair
1991 - 1995                John Ross, Jr.
1996 - 2000                Jim Henson
2000 - 2004                Dallas Proctor
2005 -                     George G. Wickliffe



Wichita and Affiliated Tribes

[Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
              (Oklahoma)]


Wyandotte of Oklahoma

Wyandotte Tribe of
                Oklahoma

1937                       Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma
 1 Aug 1956                Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma's federal recognition terminated.
15 May 1978
               Federal recognition restored.
1995                       Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma acquires self-governance status
                             from the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Principal Chiefs
1936                       Allen Johnson
1936 - 1942                Leonard Cotter (1st time)
1944 - 1947                Sam Long
1947 - 1948                Mont Cotter (1st time)
1948 - 1954                Leonard Cotter (2nd time)
1954 - 1962                Lawrence Zane
1963 - 1976                Leonard Cotter (3rd time)
1976 - 1978                Mont Cotter (2nd time)
1978 - 1983                Phillip Peacock
Sep 1983 - 30 May 2011     Leaford Bearskin                 (b. 1921 - d. 2012)
 1 Jun 2011 -              Billy Friend



Oregon

Grand Ronde Confederated Tribes

[Grand
              Ronde Confederated Tribes (Oregon)]

Siletz Confderated Tribes

Confderated Tribes of Siletz
                Indians (Oregon)
                     Adopted 1995/96

 9 Nov 1855                 Coast, Siletz, and Alsea Reservations, where they were to form
                              a single unified tribe.
1935                        Federal recognition.
20 Jul 1956                 Federal recognition terminated.
18 Nov 1977                 Confederated Tribes of Siletz federal status restored.

Chief
c.1870 - 1900               George Harney (Takelma)             (b. 1837 - d. 1900)

Chairmen

1970? - 1988?               Art S. Bensell
198. -                      Delores Pigsley (f)


Warm Springs, Wasco, & Northern Paiute Confederated Tribes

[Warm Springs, Wasco,
                  & Northern Paiutes Tribes (Oregon)]

1938                       Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs federally recognized.

Chairmen 
1938 - 18 Jul 1942         George Meachem, Sr.              (d. 1942)
 3 Aug 1942 - 1944         Isaac McKinley
1944 - 1947                Charles Jackson (1st time)
1947 - 1953                Avex Miller, Sr. (1st time)
1953 - 1956                Charles Jackson (2nd time)
1956 - 1959                Avex Miller, Sr. (2nd time)
1959 - 1962                Charles Jackson (3rd time)
1962 - 1965                Edwin Scott 
1965 - 1968                Olney Patt, Sr. (1st time)
1968 - 1971                Grant Waheneka 
1971 - 1974                Olney Patt, Sr. (2nd time)
1974 - 1977                Zane Jackson (1st time)
1977 - 1980                Eugene Greene 
1980 - 1983                Delbert Frank, Sr. 
1983 - 1992                Zane Jackson (2nd time)
1992 - 1995                Raymond Calica, Sr. 
1995 - 1998                Bruce Brunoe, Sr. 
1998 - 13 Jun 2003         Olney Patt, Jr.
13 Jun 2003 - 2004         Garland Brunoe
2004 - 2010                Ronald Suppah, Sr. 
2010 -                     Stanley "Buck" Smith, Jr.



Pennsylvania

None Recognized

Rhode Island

Narragansett Indian Tribe

Narragansett Indian Tribe
                (Rhode Island)

1880/84                    Rhode Island illegally de-tribalized the Narragansett.
Dec 1934                   Narragansett Tribe of Indians incorporated.
11 Apr 1983                Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island granted federal
                             recognition.

Chief Sachem
1997 -                     Matthew Thomas "Seventh Hawk"


South Carolina

Catawba Indian Nation
(Catawba Tribe of South Carolina)


[Catawba Indian Tribe of South
              Carolina]



South Dakota

Cheyenne River Sioux 

[Cheyenne River Sioux - South Dakota (U.S.)]

 2 Mar 1889                Cheyenne River Indian Reservation established.
27 Dec 1935                Cheyenne River Reservation Sioux Tribe of Indians, f
ederal
                             recognition.

Chairmen
1936 - 1942                Luke Gilbert
1942 - 1946                Samuel Charger
1946                       Iron Lightning
1946 - 1950                Albert LeBeau, Sr.
1950 - 1958                Frank Ducheneaux
1958 - 1962                Anthony A. Rivers II
1962                       Andrew LeBeau 
1962 - 1970                Frank Ducheneaux
1970 - 1974                Theophile Traversie                   (b. 1934 - d. 2007)
1974 - 1978                Wayne L. Ducheneaux (1st time)
1978 - 1982                Melvin Garreau, Sr. 
1982                       Kenneth West
1982                       Lanny LaPlant
1982                       Robert Chasing Hawk
1982 - 1986                Morgan Garreau
1986 - 1990                Wayne L. Ducheneaux (2nd time)
1990 -  7 Dec 2002         Gregg Bourland                        (b. c.1957)
 7 Dec 2002 - 2006         Harold Frazier
2006 -  7 Dec 2010         Joseph Brings Plenty, Sr.             (b. c.1970)
 7 Dec 2010 -              Kevin C. Keckler


Crow Creek Sioux

[Crow Creek Sioux
              Tribe (South Dakota)]

 1 Jul 1863                Crow Creek Reservation established.
26 Apr 1949                Crow Creek Sioux adopt a constitution.

Chairmen

1946 - 1954                Vernon L. Ashley                      (b. 1916)
195. - 19..                Annie Thompson (f)
c.1961                     Robert G. Philbrick                   (b. 1911 - d. 1992)
May 1965 - 1968?           Ansel Carpenter                       (b. 1933)
1968? - c.1973             Robert G. Philbrick (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1973 -  1 Jul 1977         Elnita Rank (f)
Jul 1977 - 19..            Ambrose McBride (acting)
c.1980 - c.1984            Robert G. Philbrick (3rd time)        (s.a.)
c.1985                     Wallace Wells                         (b. 1949 - d. 2008)
c.1990                     Donald McGhee
May 1992 - May 1998        Duane Big Eagle (1st time)            (b. 1946)
1998 - 2000                Harold Miller
2000 - 2002                Roxanne Sazue (f)                     (b. 1961)
2002 - 2006                Duane Big Eagle (2nd time)            (s.a.)
2006 - 2008                Lester Thompson, Jr.
2008 - 2010                Brandon J. Sazue (1st time)
May 2010 - Aug 2011        Duane Big Eagle (3rd time)            (s.a.)
Aug 2011 - 2012            Wilfred Keeble (acting)
Jun 2012 -                 Brandon J. Sazue (2nd time) 

Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe

[Flandreau Santee Sioux
                  (South Dakota)]
                       Adopted 1994
 

1934                       Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota federally
                             recognized.

Tribal Presidents
1937 - 1938                George Eastman
1938                       John Allen 
1938 - 1940                Jess Wakeman 
1940 - 1941                Benjamin Jones 
1941 - 1948                Alexander Wakeman 
1948 - 1953                Francis Wakeman 
1953 - 1956                Richard Wakeman, Sr. 
1956 - 1963                George Allen, Sr. 
1963                       Felix Heminger
1963 - 1972                Gordon Jones, Sr. 
1972 - 1974                Agnes Ross (f)
1974 - 1979                Richard P. Allen 
1978 - 1979                Andrew Weston 
1979 - 1983                Kenneth Allen 
1983 - 1985                Carolyn Sorensen (f)
1985 - 1987                Elmer Weston 
1987 - 1990                Judith Peterson (f)
1990 - 1992                Lee Taylor 
1992 - 1989                William Schumacher
1989 - 2002                Thomas Ranfranz 
2002 - 2004                Leonard Eller 
2004 - 2006                Mark Allen
2006 -                     Anthony Reider



Lower Brule Sioux

[Lower Brule Sioux Tribe
              (Oklahoma)]


Oglala Sioux

[Oglala Sioux]
                  Adopted 9 Mar 1962

Map of Oglala Sioux Capital: Pine Ridge,
South Dakota
Population: 14,304 (2000)

17..                       Seven Fires Confederacy
1825                       Under U.S. protection (Great Sioux Nation).
29 Apr 1868                Great Sioux Reservation created by Treaty of Fort Laramie.
 2 Mar 1889                Divided into five reservations, the largest being the
                             Pine Ridge Reservation.
18 Jun 1934                Oglala Sioux Tribe federally recognized.

Chief
1865 - 1909                Makhpiya-Luta "Red Cloud"      (b. 1822 - d. 1909)
1909 - 1934                ....
Presidents
1934 - 1936                Robert Bad Wound
1936 - 1942                Frank G. Wilson (1st time)
1942 - 1946                James H. Red Cloud
1946 - 1948                James Roan Eagle 
1948 - 1950                William Fire Thunder
1950 - 1952                Harry Conro
1952 - 1954                Charles Under Baggage
1954 - 1956                Moses Two Bulls
1956 - 1960                Frank G. Wilson (2nd time)
1960 - 1962                Johnson Holy Rock, Sr. (1st time)
1962 - 1964                Enos Poor Bear, Sr. (1st time)
1964 - 1966                William Whirlwind Horse
1966 - 1968                Johnson Holy Rock, Sr. (2nd time)
1968 - 1970                Enos Poor Bear, Sr. (2nd time)
1970 - 1972                Gerald One Feather
1972 - 1976                Richard "Dick" Wilson
1976 - 1978                Albert W. Trimble
1978 - 1980                Elijah Whirlwind Horse
1980 - 1982                Stanley Looking Elk
1982 - 1984                Joe American Horse (1st time)
1984 - 1986                Newton Cummings
1986 - 1988                Joe American Horse (2nd time)
1988 - 1990                Paul Iron Cloud
1990 - 1992                Harold Dean Salway (1st time)
1992 - 1994                John Yellow Bird Steele        (b. 1948)
                             (1st time)
1994 - 1996                Wilbur Between Lodges
1996 - 1998                John Yellow Bird Steele        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1998 - 2000                Harold Dean Salway (2nd time)
2000                       Wilbur Between Lodges (2nd time)
                             (acting)
2000 -  2 Nov 2004         John Yellow Bird Steele        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
 2 Nov 2004 - 29 Jun 2006  Cecilia J. Fire Thunder (f)    (b. 1946)
                             (suspended from 31 May 2006)
30 Jun 2006 - 2006         Alex White Plume               (b. 1952)
                             (president pro tem)
2006 - 2008                John Yellow Bird Steele
                             (4th time)
2008 -  7 Dec 2010         Theresa B. Two Bulls (f)
 7 Dec 2010 -  4 Dec 2012  John Yellow Bird Steele
                             (5th time)
 4 Dec 2012 -              Bryan Brewer                   (b. 1947)


Rosebud Sioux

[Rosebud Sioux
              Tribe (South Dakota)]

1889                       Rosebud Indian Reservation established.
23 Nov 1935                Rosebud Sioux Tribe federally recognized.

Presidents

1936 - 1938                Antoine Roubideaux (1st time)
1938 - 1940                Thomas F. Whiting
1940 - 1942                ....
1942 - 1944                Dan Hollow Horn Bear
1944 - 1946                Antoine Roubideaux (2nd time)
1946 - 1948                ....
1948 - 1950                Isaac Bear Shield
1950 - 1952                Thomas Valandra
1952 - 1954                Alfred Left Hand Bull
1954 - 1958                Robert Burnette (1st time)
1958 - 1960                ....
1960 - 1962                Robert Burnette (2nd time)
1962 - 1969                Cato Valandra
1970 - 1973                Webster Two Hawk (1st time)
1973 - 1975                Robert Burnette (3rd time)
1975 - 1979                Edward Driving Hawk
1979 - 1981                Norman Wilson
1981 - 1983                Carl Waln
1984 - 1985                Webster Two Hawk (2nd time)
1985 - 1989                Alex Lunderman, Sr. (1st time)
1990 - 1991                Ralph Moran
1991 - 1993                Alex Lunderman, Sr. (2nd time)
1993 - 1997                William Kindle (1st time)
1997 - 1999                Norman G. Wilson
1999 - 2003                William Kindle (2nd time)
2003 - 2005                Charles Colombe
2005 - 2012                Rodney M. Bordeaux
 4 Sep 2012 -              Cyril "Whitey" Scott

Sisseton–Wahpeton Oyate

[Sisseton–Wahpeton
              Oyate (South Dakota)]

1946                       Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux
2002                       Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate


Yankton Sioux

[Yankton Sioux (South
              Dakota)]



Tennessee

None Recognized


Texas

Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas

  [Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas]

1795                       The Coushattas come to the Big Thicket area of East Texas.
1805                       Approximately 1,000 Alabamas come to Tyler County's Peach
                             Tree Village.
1854                       Tribal reservation granted to the Alabama-Coushatta tribe 
                             in Texas.
19 Aug 1938                Alabama-Coushatta granted federal recognition.
 1 Jan 1955                Federal government ends recognition.  
18 Aug 1987                Federal recognition restored.

Chiefs
.... - c.1838              Long King
c.1838 - 18..              Tempe
18.. - 1871                Long Tom
1871 -  3 Mar 1913         John Scott                      (b. 1805 - d. 1913)
1913 - 1928                Vacant
1928 -  8 Sep 1935         Charles Martin Thompson         (b. 1860 - d. 1935)
1935 - 1936                Mikko-Se Hotkas Clem Fain, Jr.
                             (acting)
 1 Jan 1936 - 23 Feb 1969  Bronson Cooper Sylestine        (b. 1879 - d. 1969)
                             (Tic-Ca-Che)
23 Feb 1969 -  9 Feb 1994  Robert Fulton Battise (Kina)    (b. 1909 - d. 1994)
                             (acting to 1 Jun 1970)
 9 Feb 1994 -              Clayton M. Sylestine (Oscola)   (b. 1932)
                             (acting to 1 Jan 1995)



Utah

Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah

[Skull Valley
                Band of Goshute Indians of Utah]


Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation

Uintah
                  & Ouray Ute - Utah (U.S.)

 5 May 1864                Uintah Valley Reservation for the Indians of Utah.
19 Jan 1937                Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation,
                             federally recognized.

Chairmen
1927 - 1932?               Fred Mart
1934 - 193.                Oran Curry (1st time)
1941 - 1943                Francisco Cesspooch
1943 - 19..                Oran Curry (2nd time)
1951                       Francis McKinley (1st time)
1951 - 195.                R.O. Curry
c.1956 - 1959              Jason Cuch                         (b. 1924 - d. 2004)
1959 - 19..                Francis McKinley (2nd time)
c.1963 - 1965              Harvey Natchees                    (b. 1920 - d. 1980)
1965 - 1972                Francis Wyasket                    (b. 1926 - d. 1975)
1972 - 1975                Homey Secakuku
1975 - 1977                Lester Chapoose
1977 - c.1981              Ruby Black (f)
c.1987 - c.1989            Lester Chapoose                    (b. 1937 - d. 1990)
c.1989 - c.1992            Luke Duncan
c.1999 - c.2002            Roland McCook
c.2005 - c.2008            Maxine Natchees
c.2008 - c.2010            Curtis Cesspooch
c.2012 - 2013              Irene C. Cuch (f)
May 2013 -                 Gordon Howell


Vermont

Abenaki, St. Francis-Sokoki Band

[Abenaki St Francis -
                Sokoki Band]
                    Adopted 24 Jul 1991

1974                       Tribal government organized.
1976                       St. Francis/Sokoki Band of Abenakis recognized by Vermont.
1977                       Recognition rescinded.

Chiefs
1974                       Wayne Hoague 
1974 - 1980                Homer St. Francis (1st time)    (b. 1935 - d. 2001)
1980 - 1986                Leonard "Blackie" Lampman       (d. 1986)
1986 - 1987                Lester Lampman (acting)
1987 -  7 Jul 2001         Homer St. Francis (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1996 - 2013                April St. Francis Rushlow       (b. 1968)
                             Merrill (f) (acting to 2001)
2013 -                     Joe Bertrand



Virginia

None Recognized

Washington

Chehalis Confederated Tribes

[Confederated Tribes
              of the Chehalis Reservation (Washington)]

Chinook

[Chinook (Washington)]

Colville Confederated Tribes

[Colville
              Confederated Tribes (Washington)]

Cowlitz

[Cowlitz Indian Tribe
              (Washington)]

Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)

[Kalispel (Washington)]

Lummi

[Lummi Nation
              (Washington)]

Makah Indian Nation

[Makah Indian Nation
              (Washington)]

Puyallup

Puyallup Nation
                  (Washington)

16 Dec 1854                Puyallup Indian Reservation in Washington states created.
1936                       Federal recognition.

Chairman
.... -                     Herman Dillon, Sr.                 (b. 1931)



Quileute

[Quileute tribe
              (Washington)]


Spokane Tribe

Spokane Tribe - Washington
                (U.S.)
                      Adopted 1981

Jan 1881                    Spokane Reservation established.
1935                        Federal recognition.
May 1951                    Tribal constitution approved.

Chairmen
c.1951 - c.1973             Alex Sherwood                      (d. 1974)
c.1976 - c.1982             Alfred McCoy
c.1988 - c.1990             Joe Flett
c.1991 - c.1994             Bruce Wynne (1st time)             (b. 1944? - d. 2003)
c.1994 - c.1996             Warren Seyler
c.1997 - c.2000             Bruce Wynne
(2nd time)             (s.a.)
c.2000 - c.2003             Alfred Peone
c.2003                      Warren Seyler
c.2006 - c.2008             Richard R. Sherwood
c.2009 - 2012               Gregory Abrahamson
2012 -                      Rudy Peone


Suquamish

[Suquamish Tribe
              (Washington)]

Umatilla Indian Reservation
Confederated Tribes

 [Umatilla Indian Reservation Confederated Tribes
              (Washington)]

Upper Skagit

[Upper Skagit
              (Washington)]

Yakama Nation Confederated Bands and Tribes

Confederated Tribes and
                Bands of the Yakama Nation (Washington)

 9 Jun 1855                By Treaty of Camp Stevens the Yakima cede all lands to U.S. in
                             exchange for a reservation.
18 Apr 1859                Yakima Indian Reservation established for group of tribes and
                             bands (Yakama, Palouse, Pisquose, Wenatchapam, Klickitat,
                             Klinquit, Kow wa sayee, Li aywas, Sk'in pah, Wis ham, Shyiks,
                             Oche Chotes, Kah-miltpah and the See-ap-cat) jointly called the
                             "Yakima"
 1 Mar 1933                Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Nation organized.
1944                       Government formally established.
1994                       Original spelling "Yakama" re-introduced.   

Chiefs
1855 - 1859                Kamiakin                          (b. c.1800 – d. 1877)
1856 - 1868                Spencer (appointed by U.S.)
1868 - 1910                White Swan (Joe Stwire)
1910 - 1923                Stwires (George Waters)
c.1932 - c.1942            William Yallup
Chairmen
c.1949                     Martin Hannigan
c.1951 - c.1957            Alex Saluskin
c.1958                     Eagle Seelatsee (1st time)        (b. 1895 - d. 1976)
c.1961                     Alex Saluskin
c.1964 - c.1966            Eagle Seelatsee (2nd time)        (s.a.)
c.1968 - c.1973            Robert "Bobbie" Jim
c.1974 - c.1979            Watson Totus                      (b. 1905 - d. 1988)
c.1979 - 1984?             Johnson Meninick
Feb 1984 - Dec 1985        Roger S. Jim                      (b. 1931 - d. 1988)
1985 - 1989                Melvin "Mel" Sampson
1989 - Nov 1991            Levi George                       (b. 1929? - d. 1991)
Nov 1991 - Dec 1991        Ray Olney
Dec 1991 - 1994?           Wilfred Yallup                    (b. 1931 - d. 2004)
1994 - 1997                Jerry Meninick
1997 - 1999                William "Bill" Yallup (1st time)  (b. 1926 - d. 2006)
c.2000 - c.2002            Lonnie Selam, Sr.
2002                       Robert N. Wahpat
2002 - 2004                ....
2004 -  9 Aug 2005         Jerry Meninick
2005? - 2006?              William "Bill" Yallup (2nd time)  (s.a.)
2006 - 2008                Lavina Washines (f)               (b. 1940 - d. 2011)
2008 - 2010                Ralph Sampson, Jr.  
2010 -                     Harry Smiskin


West Virginia

None Recognized

Wisconsin

Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

[Fond du Lac Band
              of Lake Superior Chippewa (Wisconsin)]

Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

[Lac du Flambeau Band
              of Lake Superior Chippewa (Wisconsin)]


Menominee 

[Menominee -
                  Wisconsin (U.S.)]

30 Apr 1961                Recognition terminated.
23 Dec 1973                Federal recognition
restored.

Head chiefs
.... - 1804                Glode                           (d. 1804)
1804 - 1818                Tomau (or Tomah)                (d. 1818)
1827 - 1858                Oshkosh                         (d. 1858)
1858 - 1875                Akwine'me                       (d. 1875)
1875 - 1890                Neopit                          (d. 1913)
1890 - 1979                Post abolished
Chairmen
1979 - 1980                Gordon Dickie Sr. (1st time)
1980 - 1981                Lucille Chapman (f)(1st time)
1981 - 1982                Gordon Dickie Sr. (2nd time)
1982 - 1983                Lucille Chapman (f)(2nd time)
1983 - 1984                Gordon Dickie Sr. (3rd time)
1984 - 1985                Apesanahkwat (1st time)
1985 - 1986                Lynn Shenadore 
1986 - 1987                Gordon Dickie Sr. (4th time)
1987 - 1988                Lucille Chapman (f)(4th time)
1988 - 1989                Apesanahkwat (2nd time)
1990 - 1991                Gordon Dickie Sr. (5th time)
1991 - 1994                Glen T. Milller 
1995 - 1996                John H. Teller 
1997 - 2001                Apesanahkwat (3rd time)
2002 - 2003                Lisa S. Waukau (f) (1st time)
2003 - 2004                Joan R. Delabreau (f)
2005 - 2006                Michael Chapman
2006 - 2007                Karen Washinawatok (f)
2007 - 2010
               Lisa S. Waukau (f) (2nd time)
2010 - 2011                Laurie Boivin (f)(1st time)
2011 - 2012                Randal Chevalier
2012 - Feb 2014            Craig Corn
Feb 2014 -                 Laurie Boivin (f)(2nd time)



Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa


[Red Cliff Band of Lake
              Superior Chippewa (Wisconsin)]

 1 Jun 1936                Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa in Wisconsin,
                             f
ederal recognition.

Chairmen

 1 Jun 1936 - 19..         Martin Buffalo
Jul 1940 - Jul 1942        Mike J. Gordon
Jul 1942 - 19..            Steve Butterfield
 
7 Jul 1953 -  8 Aug 1958  Alex Roye (1st time)
 8 Aug 1958 -  6 Jul 1960  Michael Bresette
 
6 Jul 1960 -  6 Jul 1965  Alex Roye (2nd time)
 6 Jul 1965 -  5 Jul 1966  Henry Daley
 5 Jul 1966 -  2 Jul 1967  Ken Andrews (1st time)
 5 Jul 1967 -  2 Jul 1968  Alex Roye (3rd time)
 2 Jul 1968 -  7 Jul 1970  Philip Gordon
 7 Jul 1970 -  4 Jul 1972  Victoria Gokee (f)
 4 Jul 1972 -  6 Jul 1976  Ken Andrews (2nd time)
 6 Jul 1976 -  3 Jul 1979
 Richard Gurnoe (1st time)
 3 Jul 1979 -  6 Jul 1982  Tom Gordon
 6 Jul 1982 -  5 Jul 1983
 Richard Gurnoe (2nd time)
 5 Jul 1983 -  3 Jul 1984  Joe Bresette
 3 Jul 1984 -  5 Jul 1988  Richard Gurnoe (3rd time)
 5 Jul 1988 -  4 Jul 1989  Patricia Patsy-Ruth DePerry (f)
                             (1st time)

 4 Jul 1989 -  3 Jul 1990  Richard Gurnoe (4th time)
 3 Jul 1990 -  2 Jul 1990  Patricia Patsy-Ruth DePerry (f)
                             (2nd time)
 2 Jul 1991 - Jul 1993     Richard Gurnoe (5th time)
Jul 1993 - Jul 2006        Rose Gurnoe (f)(1st time)
Jul 2006 - Jul 2007        Patricia Patsy-Ruth DePerry (f)
                             (3rd time)
Jul 2007 -                 Rose Gurnoe-Soulier (f)(2nd time



Wyoming

Arapaho Northern Tribe of Wyoming

Arapaho
                  Nation of Wyoming (U.S.)
                   Adopted 15 Jun 1956


Chairmen
.... - .....                 Gary Collins
.... -                       Richard Brannan



Eastern Shoshone

[Eastern Shoshone
              (Wyoming)]



©2004  Ben Cahoon
 
 
 
 
 
 





 
 
World Statesmen.org HOME > return to Canada >>

 
 
 
 
 
 

First Nations of Canada
 
Contents:  Assembly of First Nations - Abegweit - Ahtahkakoop - Akwesasne - Blood - Buffalo Point - Chisasibi - Cree Wemindji - Cross Lake - Eskasoni - Garden Hill - Kahnawake - Kitigan Zibi - Ktaqmkuk - Lac La Ronge - Lennox Island - Miqmaq - Muskeg Lake - Norway House - Peguis - Peter Ballantyne - Saddle Lake - Samson Cree- Siksika - Six Nations - Stoney Nakoda - Whapamgoostui

Note: In 2013, there were 634 First Nation communities (also known as reserves) in Canada, with First Nation governments.  The term "First Nations" refers to one of three distinct groups recognized as "Aboriginal" in the Constitution Act of 1982.  The other two distinct groups characterized as "Aboriginal" are the Métis and the Inuit.  First Nations have a unique and special relationship with the Crown and the people of Canada as set out in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 and manifested in Treaties, the Constitution Acts of 1867 and 1982, Canadian common law and International law and as outlined in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. 

  This page lists only the nations with on-reserve membership over 3,000. More data will be added as information becomes available. Do to the large number of entities this section is incomplete. Any assistance adding information is greatly appreciated.    



Assembly of First Nations 

Assembly of First Nations logo
                        AFN Logo

1968                       National Indian Brotherhood (NIB) established.
1982                       Assembly of First Nations (AFN) created as the national
                             aboriginal lobbying organization on First Nations issues. 

National Chiefs
1968 - 1970                Walter Dieter                 (b. 1916 - d. 1988) 
                             (Peepeekisis Cree, Saskatchewan)
1970 - 1976                George Manuel                 (b. 1921 - d. 1989) 
                             (Shuswap Nation, British Colombia)
1976 - 1980                Noel Starblanket              (b. 1947?)
                             (Starblanket Cree, Saskatchewan)
1980 - 1982                Delbert Riley 
                             (Chippewas of Thames, Ontario)
1982 - 30 Jul 1985         David Ahenakew                (b. 1933 - d. 2010)
                             (Ahtahkakoop Cree, Saskatchewan)
30 Jul 1985 - 1991         George Erasmus                (b. 1949)
                             (Dene Nation, NWT)
1991 - 1997                Ovide Mercredi                (b. 1946)
                             (Grand Rapids Cree, Manitoba)
30 Jul 1997 - Jul 2000     Phil Fontaine (1st time)      (b. 1944)
                             (Sagkeeng Nation, Manitoba)
Jul 2000 - 16 Jul 2003     Matthew Coon Come             (b. 1956)
                             (Mistissini Cree, Quebec)
16 Jul 2003 - 23 Jul 2009  Phil Fontaine (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (Sagkeeng Nation, Manitoba)
23 Jul 2009 -              Shawn A-in-chut Atleo         (b. 1967)
                             (Ahousaht Nation, British Columbia)



Abegweit

1972                       Abegweit Band, covering Morell, Rocky Point and Scotchfort Reserves
                             on Prince Edward Island, secedes from the Lennox Island Band.
1970's                     Abegweit First Nation.

Chiefs
1973 - 1999                George James "Jim" Sark
1999 - 2003                Francis Jadis
 8 Aug 2003 - Aug 2008     Roderick "Roddy" Gould
Aug 2008 -                 Brian Francis



Ahtahkakoop


Ahtahkakoop First Nation flag

Map of Ahtahkakoop Reserve Capital: Shell Lake (Saskatchewan)
Members: 2,770 (2005)


1876                       Ahtahkakoop (Cree) No. 104 reserve established.

Chiefs

1816 - 1896                John Ahtahkakoop
1896 - c.1993              ....
c.1993                     Barry Ahenakew
 1 Jul 2005 -              Larry Ahenakew


Akwesasne
 
[mohawks of
              Akwesasne flag]

Map of Akwesane Band
Capital: Akwesasne (Quebec/Ontario)
Members: 7,951 (2002)

1752                       Settlement (St. Regis) by the Christian Mohawk 
                             emigrants from Caughnawaga.
1783                       Formally separated from Caughnawaga, member of the
                             Seven Nations of Canada.
1794                       Split by the U.S.-Canada border.
1802                       U.S. portion administratively separated.
1847                       St. Regis Reserve organized.
1899                       St. Regis Band Council created.
1988                       Renamed Akwesasne.

Chiefs
1783 - 1899                Council of Chiefs
1899 - 1984                ....
1984 - 1994                Michael Mitchell (1st time)
1994 - 2000                Russell B. Roundpoint
2000                       Raymond Mitchell (acting) (1st time)
2000 - 2002                Michael Mitchell (2nd time)
2002 - 21 Jun 2003         Raymond Mitchell (2nd time)
21 Jun 2003 -              Angie Barnes (f) 



Blood

[Blood tribe, Alberta (Canada)
              flag]

Map of Blood Band
Capital: Standoff, Alberta
Members: 7,489 (2002)

17..                       Member of the Blackfoot Confederacy.
1877                       Signs the Treaty No.7 (Blood Band).

Chiefs
1870 - 1900                Mi'kai'stowa "Red Crow"       (b. 1830 - d. 1900)
1900 - 1913                .... "Crop Eared Wolf"        (b. 1846 - d. 1913)
1913 - 1980                ....
1980 - 1996                Roy Fox
1996 - 2004                Christopher Shade
2004 -                     Charles Weasel Head



Buffalo Point

1873                       Buffalo Point Reserve established for the Buffalo Point Band 
                             by Treaty No. 3 in Manitoba.
1970's                     Buffalo Point First Nation.

Chiefs
1873 - 1900                Ayashawath                     (d. 1900)
1900 - 1906                Little Thunder                 (d. 1906)
1906 - 1941                Jim "Old" Thunder              (d. 1941)
1941 - 1969                Warren "Shorty" Thunder        (d. 1972)
1969 - 1997                James "Jim" Thunder
1997 -                     John Thunder



Chisasibi Cree

[Chisasibi Cree flag
              (Quebec, Canada)]
 
Map of Chisasibi Band
Capital: Chisasibi, Quebec
Members: 3,256 (2002)

1962                       Fort George Reserve
1975                       Signs the James Bay and Northern Quebec 
                             Agreement (Fort George Band).
19..                       Renamed Chisasibi.

Chiefs
19.. - 1989                ....
1989 - 1995                Violet Pachanos (f)(1st time)
1995 - 1999                Charles Bobbish
1999 - 2001                Violet Pachanos (2nd time)
2001 -                     Abraham Rupert



Cree Wemindji

Map of Cree Wemindji
Capital: Wemindji, Quebec
Members: 1,238 (2001)

Chiefs

1984 - 1999                Walter Hughboy
1999 - 2005                Reggie Mark
2005 -                     Rodney Mark



Cross Lake
 
Map of Cross Lake Band
Capital: Cross Lake, Manitoba
Members: 4,194 (2002)

1875                       Signs the Treaty No.5 (Cross Lake Band).

Chiefs
1875                       Donald William Sinclair Ross
                             (Tapastanum)
1908                       Daniel Miswagon
19.. - 1989                ....
1989 - 1999                Sydney B. Garrioch
1999 -                     John M. Miswagon               (b. 1964)



Eskasoni
 
Map of the Eskasoni
Capital: Eskasoni, Nova Scotia
Members: 3,010 (2003)

....                       Micmac Confederacy.
1610                       Treaty with the French.
1726                       Treaty with the British.
1744 - 1752                French ally.
1755 - 1761                French ally.
1832                       Eskasoni Reserve organized.
1958                       Eskasoni Band Council created.

Grand Chiefs
1752                       Jean Baptiste Cope
Chiefs
1958 - 1978                ....
1978 - 1980                Allison M. Bernard (1st time)
1980 - 1982                ....
1982 - 2002                Allison M. Bernard (2nd time)
2002 -                     Blair S. Francis



Garden Hill
 
Map of  Garden Hill Band
Capital: Island Lake, Manitoba
Members: 3,055 (2002)

1909                       Adherence to the Treaty No. 5 (Island Lake Band).
1969                       Split into four bands, the largest 
                             is the Garden Hill Band.

Chiefs
1909                       George Knott
19.. - 1994                Geordie Little
1994 - 1996                Jack Fiddler
1996 - 1998                Harvey Fiddler
1998 - 2000                David Harper
2000 - 2002                Darcy Wood
2002 -                     Russell Harper



Kahnawake
 
Mohawk flag

Map of  Kahnawake Band
Capital: Kahnawake, Quebec
Members: 7,156 (2002)

1667                       Settlement (La Prairie) by the Christian Mohawk emigrants
                             from present-day New York.
1680                       French land grant at Sault St. Louis (later named Caughnawaga).
174.                       Seven Nations of Canada formed; the Grand Council of
                             the Confederacy located at Caughnawaga.
1760                       Treaty with the British.
1853                       Caughnawaga Reserve organized.
1889                       Caughnawaga Band Council created.
1980                       Renamed Kahnawake.

Grand Chiefs
16.. - 1889                Council of Chiefs
1889 - 1959                ....
1959                       Matthew Lazare
1960 - 1980                Andrew T. Delisle
1980 -  3 Jul 2004         Joseph Tokwiro Norton
 3 Jul 2004 -              Michael Ahrirhon Delisle       (b. 1965)



Kitigan Zibi Algonquin Band

Chiefs
1854 - 1874                Antoine Pakinawatik
1874 - 1884                Peter Tenasco (1st time)
1884 - 1890                Simon Odjick
1890 - 1896                Peter Tenasco (2nd time)
1896 - 1899                Louizon Commanda
1899 - 1911                John Tenasco
1911 - 1917                Michael Commanda
1917 - 1920                John Cayer
1920 - 1924                John B. Chabot (1st time)
1927 - 1933                Vincent Odjick
1933 - 1936                Patrick Brascoupe
1936 - 1939                Abraham McDougall
1939 - 1951                John B. Chabot (2nd time)
1951 - 1970                William Commanda
1970 - 1976                Ernest McGregor
1976 - 2006                Jean Guy Whiteduck
2006 - 2008                Stephen McGregor
2008 -                     Gilbert Whiteduck


Ktaqmkuk 

Chiefs (Saqamaw)
.... - c. 12 Dec 1842      Michel Agathe                  (d c.1842)
21 Jul 1860 - 1880         Maurice Louis                  (d. 1880)
1880 - 1900                Joe Bernard                    (b. 1812 - d. 1900)
1900 -  1 Dec 1918         Lupe'n                         (b. 1852 - d. 1918)
 26 Jul 1919 - 1945        Newell Jeddore Gietol          (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
1945 - 1980                Vacant
1945                       Antel (refused office)         (b. 1889 - d. 1960)
1945 - 1954                Joe Jeddore (acting)           (b. 1883 - d. 1956) 
1954 - 1971                Piel (Peter Jeddore)           (b. 1892 - d. 1971)
                             (acting)
1973 - 1974                John N. Jeddore                (b. 1922)
1974 - 1975                Walter John                    (b. 1926)
1975 - Dec 1982            William Joe                    (b. 1925 - d. 1982)
 7 Jan 1983 -              Mise’l Joe
                             (from 1987 also, Administrative Saqamaw)



Lac La Ronge
 
Métis Nation flag

Map of  Lac La Ronge Band
Capital: La Ronge, Saskatchewan
Members: 4,723 (2003)

11 Feb 1889                Adherence to the Treaty No. 6 (James Roberts Band).
1910                       James Roberts Band split into two Bands.
1950                       Bands amalgamated and became as the Lac La Ronge Indian Band.

Chiefs of James Roberts Band (La Ronge, Sask.)
1888 - 1901                James Roberts
1901 - 1910                Amos Charles
1910 - 1946                Joseph Charles
1946 - 1950                Moses Ratt 
Chiefs of the Amos Charles Band (Stanley Mission, Sask.)
1910 - 1930                Amos Charles
1930 - 1945                Walter McKenzie
1945 - 1950                Nehemiah Charles
Chiefs of the Lac La Ronge Indian Band 
1950 - 1955                Moses Ratt 
                           - jointly with -
1950 - 1955                Nehemiah Charles
1955 - 1967                Vacant
1967 - 1969                Isaiah Charles
1969 - 1971                John Cook
1971 - 1983                James Myles Venne (1st time)
1983 - 1985                Thomas "Tom" McKenzie
1985 - 1987                James Myles Venne (2nd time)
1987 - 31 May 2005         Harry D. Cook
31 May 2005 -              Tammy Cook-Searson (f)



Lennox Island

1846                       Morell Reserve established for the Prince Edward Island Band 
                             (later renamed the Lennox Island Band).
1870                       Lennox Island Reserve added.
1879                       Scotchfort Reserve added.
1913                       Rocky Point Reserve added.
1972                       Abegweit Band, covering Morell, Rocky Point and Scotchfort
                             Reserves secedes.
1970's                     Lennox Island First Nation.

Chiefs
1910 - 1930                John Thomas Sark
1930 - 1960                Jacob Sark
1960 - 1962                Mary Bernard (f)
1962 - 1964                Frank Jadis
1964 - 1966                Raymond Lewis
1966 - 1970                James Sark
1970 - 1972                George James "Jim" Sark
1972 - 1998                Jack J.T. Sark
1998 - 2001                Charles "Charlie" Sark
2001 -                     Darlene Bernard (f)            (b. 1962)



Mi'kmaq Grand Council
 
[Mi'kmaq
                          national flag, Canada]
        Mi'kmaq National Flag  Adopted 4 Oct 1900
[Mi'kmaq Grand
                          Council flag]
                     Mi'kmaq Grand Council Flag

Chiefs
bf.188. - 1918             John Denny, Jr. 
1918 - May 1964            Gabriel Sillyboy 
Jun 1964 - 25 Aug 1991     Donald Marshall 
Sep 1991 -                 Ben Sylliboy 
                             (acting to 1992)



Muskeg Lake Cree

Muskeg Lake Cree Nation

1876                       Kitowehow Reserve established for the Kitowehow Band by the
                             Treaty No. 6 in present-day Saskatchewan.
1880                       Petequakey Band and Reserve.
1920                       Muskeg Lake Band and Reserve.
1970's                     Muskeg Lake Cree Nation.

Chiefs
1876 - 1880                Alexandre Cayen (Kitowehow)    (b. 1834 - d. 1886)
1880 - 1889                Isidore Cayen (Petequakey)     (b. 1845 - d. 1889)
1889 - 1900                Vacant
1900 - 1914                Jean Baptiste Lafond           (b. 1853 - d. 1917)
1915 - 1917                George H. Greyeyes             (b. 1875 - d. 1917)
1917 - 1920                Vacant
1920 - 1932                Andrew Lafond                  (b. 1880 - d. 1952)
1933 - 1956                Joseph Ledoux                  (b. 1877 - d. 1956)
1956 - 1958                Emile Venne                    (b. 1918 - d. 1999)
1958 - 1959                David Georges Greyeyes         (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
1959 - 1960                Louis O. "Meskanas" Arcand     (b. 1898 - d. 1992)
                             (acting)
1960 - 1962                Alphonsine "Alpha" Lafond (f)  (b. 1926)
1962 - 1964                Joseph Greyeyes                (b. 1905 - d. 1990)
1964 - 1972                Frederick "Sonny" Lafond       (b. 1931 - d. 1989)
                             (1st time) 
1972 - 1974                Richard "Dickie" Greyeyes      (b. 1930)
1974 - 1978                Frederick "Sonny" Lafond       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1978 - 1982                Leonard Ledoux                 (b. 1943)
1982 - 1989                Wallace Tawpisim               (b. 1951)
1989 - 1990                David Lafond (acting)
1990 - 2000                Harry James Lafond             (b. 1949)
2000 -                     Gilbert Ledoux



Norway House
 
Map of  Norway House Band
Capital: Norway House,
Manitoba
Members: 4,127 (2002)

1875                       Local Cree Sign the Treaty No. 5 (Norway House Band).

Chiefs
18.. - 1877                David Rundle
1908                       Sandy Sanders
19.. - 1996                Alan James Ross
1996 - Aug 2005            Ron Evan
Aug 2005 - 16 Mar 2006     Fred Muskego (acting)
16 Mar 2006 -              Marcel Balfour



Peguis

[Peguis Band, Manitoba
                  (Canada)]
                  Adopted 1990's
Map of Peguis Band
Capital: Peguis, Manitoba
Members: 3,065 (2002)

1817                       Treaty with the British
1871                       St. Peter's Reserve established for the St. Peter's Band 
                             by Treaty No. 1 in Manitoba.
1909                       Renamed Peguis Band.

Chiefs
1791 - 1864                William King (Peehquaais)      (b. 1774 - d. 1864)
1864 - 1882                Henry Prince (Miskookeenew) 
                             (1st time)
1882 - 1888                William Prince (1st time)
1888 - 1891                Henry Prince (2nd time)
1891 - 1897                William Asham
1897 - 1902                Henry Prince (3rd time)
1902 - 1911                William Prince (2nd time)
1911 - 1917                Albert Rose
1917 - 1923                William Pahkoo
1923 - 1926                Thomas John Stevenson
1926 - 1929                Fred Thomas
1929 - 1932                Alex Greyeyes
1932 - 1935                Robert Sinclair
1935 - 1941                Nathaniel Asham (1st time)
1941 - 1944                Albert Edward Prince
1944 - 1947                Alex Williams                  (d. 1947)
1947 - 1953                Nathaniel Asham (2nd time)
1953 - 1955                Alex Sinclair
1955 - 1961                Campbell Sutherland
1961 - 1973                Albert Edward Thompson         (d. 1973)
1973 - 1981                Jack Sinclair
1981 -                     Louis John Stevenson



Peter Ballantyne
 
Map of Peter Ballantyne Band
Capital: Pelican Narrows,
Saskatchewan
Members: 4,701 (2003)

1895                       Peter Ballantyne and 7 other families of Ballantyne were 
                             paid annuities under James Roberts Band.
1900                       Split from Lac La Ronge Band (Peter Ballantyne Cree).

Chiefs
1900 - 19..                Peter Ballantyne
1940                       Joe Highway
19.. - 2001                Ronald Michel
2001 - 30 Nov 2005         Susan Custer (f)
30 Nov 2005 -              Harold Linklater



Saddle Lake
 
Map of Saddle Lake Band
Capital: Saddle Lake, Alberta
Members: 5,606 (2002)

18..                       Onchaminahos and Seenum Bands members of the 
                             Plains Cree Confederacy.
1876                       Signs Treaty No. 6.
1902                       Both bands amalgamated (Saddle Lake Band), but
                             reserves administered separately. 

Chiefs of Saddle Lake (originally Onchaminahos) Band
18.. - 1880                Onchaminahos "Little Hunter"    (b. 1830 - d. 1880)
1880 - c.1924              ....
c.1924 - c.1926            Thomas Makokis                  (b. 1870 - d. 19..)
c.1926 - 1966              ....
1966 - 1969                Ralph G. Steinhauer             (b. 1905 - d. 1987)

1969 - 1975                Joe P. Cardinal                 (b. 1921 - d. 2004)
1981 - 1984                Henry Quinney
1984 - 1985                Eugene Steinhauer (1st time)    (b. 1928 - d. 1995)
1985 - 1987                Eugene Houle                    (b. 1949 - d. 2012)
1987 - 1989                Eugene Steinhauer (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1989 - 1992                Carl Quinn
c.1994 - c.1997            Eric J. Large
c.1997 - 2001              John Shirt
2001 -                     Eddy Makokis

Chiefs of Whitefish Lake (originally Seenum) Band
1876                       James Seenum (Pakan) "Hard Nut" (b. 1842 - d. 18..)
1902                       John Seenum
1902 - 199.                ....
19
9. - 1999                Allen Houle
1999 - 2002                Allen J. Makokis
2002 -                     Leonard "Tommy" Houle



Samson Cree
 
Map of Samson Band
Capital: Hobbema, Alberta
Members: 4,955 (2002)

18..                       Mountain Cree Confederacy
1877                       Adherence to the Treaty No. 6 (Bobtail Band).
1879                       Samson Band split from Bobtail Band.
1886                       Bobtail Band dissolved.

Head Chiefs of the Mountain Cree
183. - 184.                Louis Piche (Pesew) "Bobcat" (d. 184.)
184. - 185.                None
185. - 186.                Maskipitonew "Broken Arm"    (b. 1805 - d. 1869)
186. - 1886                Alexis Piche (Kiskiyew) "Bobtail"
                            (from 1877, chief of Bobtail Band)
Chiefs
1879 - 1899                Samson (Kanatakasu)          (d. 1899)
1899 - 1942                Joe Samson
1942 - 1952                James Crane
1952 - 1953                Vacant
1953 - 1955                Baptiste Saddleback
1955 - 1957                John S. Samson (1st time)
1957 - 1959                Felix Buffalo (1st time)
1959 - 1961                John S. Samson (2nd time)
1961 - 1963                Felix Buffalo (2nd time)
1963 - 1965                Harry Rain
1965 - 1969                Jacob Louis
1969 - 1973                Norman Yellowbird
1973 - 1975                Arthur Potts
1975 - 1979                Frank Buffalo
1979 - 1981                Jim Omeasoo (1st time)
1981 - 1983                Victor Buffalo (1st time)
1983 - 1989                Jim Omeasoo (2nd time)
1989 - 1993                Victor Buffalo (2nd time)
1993 - 1996                Terry Buffalo
1996 - 1999                Florence Buffalo (f)
1999 - 2002                Lena Cutknife (f)
2002 -                     Victor Buffalo (3rd time)



Siksika

[Siksika Nation]
 
Map of Siksika Band
Capital: Siksika, Alberta
Members: 3,292 (2002)

17..                       Member of the Blackfoot Confederacy
1877                       Signs the Treaty No.7 (Blackfoot Band)
19..                       Renamed Siksika

Chiefs
1872 - 1890                Isapo-Muxika "Crowfoot"            (b. 1830 - d. 1890)
                             (also head chief of the Blackfoot Confederacy)
1890 - 1...                Neo'kis'tomi "Three Bulls"
1... - 1988                ....
1988 - 1995                Strater J. Crowfoot
1995 - 1997                Robert Ryan Breaker Jr.
1997 - 2001                Darlene Yellow Old Woman-Munro (f) (b. 1953)
2001 -                     Adrian Stimson Jr.



Six Nations

[Flag of the (Iroquois) Six
                Nations of the Grand River Territory]
                        unofficial flag
 
Map of the Six Nations
Capital: Oshweken, Ontario
Members: 10, 976 (2001)

1784                       Settlement (Grand River) by the pro-British Iroquois 
                             (mainly Mohawk) refugees from the U.S.
1842                       Six Nations Reserve organized.
1924                       Six Nations Band Council created, self-government.
1988                       Renamed Six Nations of the Grand River Territory.

De-facto leaders
1784 - 1807                Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea)   (b. 1742 - d. 1807)
1807 - 1814                John Norton (Teyoninhokarawen) (b. 176. - d. 1831)
1814 - 1832                John Brant (Ahyouwaigha)       (b. 1794 - d. 1832)

Chiefs
1784 - 1924                Grand Council
1924 - 19..                ....
1973                       Richard Isaac
19.. - 2001                Wellington C. Staats
2001 -                     Roberta L. Jamieson (f)



Stoney Nakoda

[St'at'imc (Stoney Nakoda)
                tribe, Alberta (Canada)]
 
Map of the Stoney Band
Capital: Morley, Alberta
Members: 3,649 (1999)

18..                       Members of the Mountain Cree Confederacy.
1877                       Signs the Treaty No. 7 (Stoney Nakoda Band), three
                             (Bearspaw, Chiniki and Wesley) amalgamated bands
                             administered separately.
1968                       Joint Band Council established.

Chiefs of Bearspaw Band
1877                       Jacob Bearspaw (Maskwaahsid)
19.. - 1996                Harvey Baptiste
1996 - 1998                Philomene Stephens (f)
1998 -                     Darcy Lee Dixon

Chiefs of Chiniki Band
1877                       John Chiniki (Cheneki)
19.. - 1996                Ken Soldier
1996 - 1998                Henry Holloway
1998 - 2002                Paul Chiniquay
2002 -                     Aaron Young

Chiefs of Wesley (originally Goodstoney) Band
1877                       Jacob Goodstoney (Kichipwot)
1891                       Peter Wesley
19.. - 1996                Ernest Wesley (1st time)
1996 - 2002                John Snow, Jr.
2002 -                     Ernest Wesley (2nd time)



Whapmagoostui

Map of Whapmagoostui Band
Capital: Whapmagoostui, Quebec
Members: 812 (2006)

Chiefs

1975 - 1977                Joseph Petagumskum
1977 - 1985                Robbie Dick (1st time)
1985 - 1987                Isaac Masty
1987 - 1992                Robbie Dick (2nd time)  
1994 - 2000                Matthew Mukash
2000 - 2006                David Masty (1st time)
2006 - 2009                Losty Mamianskum
2009 -
                    David Masty (2nd time)








© Ben Cahoon