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Updates and Additions

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Updates by Year

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2018 2017 2016
2014 2013

New Leaders
Recent Additions
New Polities and

New Flags, Constitutions, Anthems and Currencies
International Org.
Membership Updates

Elections Calendar

(abbreviations: Admin. = Administrator, Gov. = Governor, PM = Prime minister, Pres. = President, Secy.-gen. = Secretary-general)

New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders


10/26/20      update to Seychelles (Pres.)
10/23/20      updates to Cyprus: Northern Cyprus (Pres.), U.S. city: Anchorage, AK (Mayor).
10/21/20      update to Italy reg.: Valle d'Aosta (Pres.)
10/16/20      update to Guernsey (PM).
10/15/20      updates to Kyrgyzstan (Pres.), Italy reg.: Calabria (Pres.)
10/14/20      update to Kyrgyzstan (PM).
10/13/20      update to Ukraine prov.: Chernihiv (Gov.)
10/12/20      update to Jordan (PM), French Southern & Antarctic Lands (Admin-Sup.)
10/09/20      update to Kyrgyzstan (PM).
10/05/20      update to Russia rep.: Dagestan (Pres.)
10/02/20      update to Uzbekistan reg.: Karakalpakstan (Chair.)
10/01/20      updates to Belgium (PM), San Marino (Capt.-Reg.), IADB (Pres.), WIPO (Dir.-gen.)
09/30/20      updates to Cook Islands (PM), Spain reg.: Catalonia (Pres.)
09/29/20      updates to Kuwait (Emir), Malaysia state: Sabah (PM).
09/28/20      updates to Togo (PM), Mali (PM).
09/27/20      update to Somalia (PM).
09/25/20      updates to Mali (Pres.), Papua New Guinea reg.: Bougainville (Pres.)
09/23/20      update to Switzerland canton: Glarus.
09/17/20      update to Russia rep.: Bashkortostan (PM).
09/16/20      update to Japan (PM).
09/15/20      update to United Nations (Asmb. Pres.)
09/14/20      update to Russia rep.: Adygeya (PM).
09/07/20      update to ECOWAS (Chair.)
09/02/20      update to Tunisia (PM).
09/01/20      updates to Monaco (PM), Palau state: Nigwal (Gov.), WTO (Dir.-gen.), U.S.
                govt.: ICE (Dir.)
08/30/20      update to North Macedonia (PM).
08/29/20      update to Georgia reg.: South Ossetia (PM).
08/28/20      updates to Brazil state: Rio de Janeiro (acting Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Cherkasy
08/27/20      update to Ukraine prov.: Kirovohrad (Gov.)
08/26/20      update to Canada prov.: Alberta (Lt. gov.)
08/25/20      update to U.S. Mayor election: Tulsa, OK: incumbent Mayor G.T. Bynum (Rep.) wins
                     re-election with 51.9% over Greg Robinson II (Dem.) 28.8%, Ken Reddick (Rep.)
                     13.8%, Ty Walker (Rep.) 2.8%, and Craig Immel (Ind.) 1.9%.
08/24/20      update to Taiwan (ROC) city: Kaohsiung (Mayor).
08/19/20      updates to Canada prov.: Newfoundland (PM), France reg.: Corse (Pref.), India
                states: Goa, Meghalaya (Gov.)
08/18/20      updates to Mali (Pres., PM), Ethiopia reg.: Addis Ababa (Mayor), São Tomé e
                Príncipe reg.: Príncipe (Reg. Pres.); U.S. Mayor election: Miami-Dade, FL:
                Esteban "Steve" Bovo (Rep.), Daniella Levine Cava (f)(Dem.), ex-mayor Alex
                Penelas (Dem.), former Miami mayor Xavier Suarez (Ind.), Monique Nicole Barley
                (f)(Dem.), and Ludmilla Domond (f)(Rep.), win 29.4%-28.8%-24.5%-10.5%-5.5%-1.3%
                (a runoff between Bovo and Cava will be held on 3 Nov 2020).
08/16/20      update to Dominican Republic (Pres.)
08/13/20      updates to North Korea (PM), Venezuela state: Distrito Capital (Gov.)
08/12/20      update to BIOT (US Cmdr.)
08/10/20      update to Guadeloupe (Pref.)
08/08/20      update to U.S. Mayor election: Honolulu, HI: Rick Blangiardi (Ind.), Keith
                Amemiya (Dem.), Colleen Hanabusa (f)(Dem.), Kym Pine (f)(Dem.), ex-Mayor Mufi
                Hannemann (Ind.), and William "Bud" Stonebraker (Rep.) win 25.3%-20%-18.2%-14.5%
                -9.8%-6.4% (a runoff between Blangiardi and Amemiya to be held on 3 Nov 2020).
08/07/20      update to India terr.: Jammu and Kashmir (Lt. gov.)
08/06/20      updates to Mauritania (PM), Peru (PM).
08/04/20      update to Russia rep.: Adygeya (PM).
08/03/20      updates to U.S. govt.: NGB (Chf.), TVA (Chair.)
08/02/20      updates to Guyana (Pres., PM)
08/01/20      update to China prov.: Qinghai (Gov.)
07/31/20      updates to Saint Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.), Russia rep.: Sakha (PM),
                and Uzbekistan rep.: Karakalpakstan (Chair.)
07/25/20      update to Somalia (PM).
07/22/20      update to Gabon (PM).
07/21/20      update to India state: Madhya Pradesh (Gov.)
07/20/20      update to Russia admin.: Khabarovsk (Gov.)
07/16/20      update to Suriname (Pres., VP).
07/15/20      update to Peru (PM).
07/14/20      update to Ruthenian Catholic Church (Bshp.)
07/10/20      update to Palau state: Kayangel (Gov.)
07/08/20      update to Côte d'Ivoire (PM)
07/07/20      update to Guadeloupe (Pref.)
07/04/20      update to Ethiopia reg.: Sidama (Pres.)
07/03/20      updates to France (PM), Congo (DRC): prov.: Mai-Ndombe (Gov.), EBRD (Pres.),
                U.S. govt.: Solicitor-gen.
07/02/20      update to Congo (DRC) prov.: Kasaï Central (Gov.)
07/01/20      updates to China prov.: Liaoning (Gov.), Switzerland cantons: Basel-Land, Luzern,
                Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz.
06/30/20      update to Anguilla (PM).
06/29/20      update to The Sudan: Abyei Area (Chf. Admin.)
06/28/20      update to Malawi (Pres.)
06/27/20      updates to Ireland (PM), Ukraine prov.: Kirovohrad (Gov.)
06/24/20      updates to Burundi (PM), Pakistan prov.: Gilgit-Baltistan (PM).
06/23/20      update to U.S. govt.: NSF (Dir.)
06/22/20      update to Canada terr.: Nunavut (Com.)
06/18/20      updates to Burundi (Pres.), Ukraine prov.: Vinnytsya (Gov.)
06/16/20      update to Kyrgyzstan (PM).
06/15/20      update to U.S. govt.: Postal Service (Postmaster gen.)
06/14/20      update to Greece reg.: Athos (Chair.)
06/13/20      update to Taiwan (ROC) city: Kaohsiung (Mayor).
06/11/20      updates to Syria (PM), Gibraltar (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Zaporizhzhya (Gov.)
06/10/20      update to Niue (PM).
06/09/20      update to Burundi (Pres.)
06/08/20      update to Czech reg.: Plzeňský (Gov.)
06/05/20      update to Malaysia state: Malacca (Gov.)
06/04/20      update to Belarus (PM).
06/03/20      update to Kosovo (PM).
06/02/20      update to Swiss Canton: Bern.
06/01/20      updates to Swiss Cantons: Neuchâtel, Sankt Gallen, Thurgau, Uri.
05/29/20      updates to U.S. govt.: Navy (Sec.), OCC (Comptroller).
05/26/20      update to U.S. govt.: ODNI (Dir.)
05/21/20      update to Azerbaijan: Artsakh (Pres.)
05/20/20      updates to Lesotho (PM).
05/19/20      updates to U.S. govt.: DEA (Admin.); U.S. elections Norfolk, VA: incumbent
                Mayor Kenny Alexander (Dem.) is re-elected unopposed with 94.3% of the
                vote; Portland OR: incumbent Mayor Ted Wheeler (Dem.) leads Sarah Iannarone (f)
                     (Dem.), Teressa Raiford (f)(Dem.), Ozzie González (Ind.) and Bruce Broussard
                     (Ind.), 49.4%-23.8%-8.4%-5.8%-5.2% (Wheeler and Iannarone head to a runoff 
                     on 3 Nov 2020).
05/18/20      update to CE (Court Pres.)
05/17/20      updates to Afghanistan (opposition Pres.), Malaysia: Kedah (PM).
05/11/20      update to Guernsey (Bailiff).
05/07/20      update to Iraq (PM).
05/06/20      update to Swiss canton: Ticino.
05/05/20      update to Trinidad and Tobago: Tobago (Sec. THA).
05/01/20      updates to Palau state: Sonsorol (Gov.), Switzerland cantons: Valais, Zürich.
04/30/20      updates to Saint Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.), Trinidad and Tobago: Tobago
                (Sec. THA).
04/29/20      update to Order of Malta (SMOM) (Grand master).
04/24/20      update to Georgia: Abkhazia (PM).
04/23/20      update to Georgia: Abkhazia (Pres.)
04/22/20      update to Ukraine prov.: Zakarpattya (Gov.)
04/20/20      update to Vanuatu (PM).
04/12/20      update to Somalia state: Galmudug (Pres.)
04/07/20      updates to U.S. govt.: U.S. Navy (Secy.); U.S. Mayor election: Milwaukee, WI
                Mayor Tom Barrett (Dem) is re-elected over Lena Taylor (f)(Dem.), 62.5%-36.5%.
04/05/20      update the ACP renamed OACPS.
04/03/20      updates to Russia admin.: Kamchatka (Gov.), Sakha (PM).
04/02/20      updates to Russia admin.: Komi Rep. (Pres.), Arkhangelsk, Nenets (Gov.)
04/01/20      update to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.)
03/31/20      updates to U.S. govt.: White House (CoS), NSF (Dir.)
03/28/20      update to Kazakhstan prov.: Kyzylorda (Gov.)
03/24/20      update to Sri Lanka prov.: Western (Gov.)
03/23/20      updates to China prov.: Shanghai (Mayor), India state: Madhya Pradesh (PM),
                Sri Lanka prov.: North Central (Gov.)
03/21/20      update to Slovakia (PM).
03/20/20      update to Bosnia-Hercegovnia (Pres.)
03/19/20      update to Ukraine prov.: Ternopil' (Gov.)
03/15/20      update to St. Helena: Ascension (Admin.)
03/13/20      update to Greece (Pres.)
03/11/20      updates to Ukraine prov.: Kyyiv, Sumy (Gov.)
03/09/20      updates to Afghanistan (opposition Pres.), Tokelau (Head), Malaysia state:
                Malacca (PM), ECOWAS (Parl. Spkr.)
03/04/20      updates to Haiti (PM), Ukraine (PM), Germany state: Thüringen (PM).
03/03/20      updates to Slovenia (PM), Bosnia-Hercegovina canton: Sarajevo (PM); U.S. mayor
                     elections: Fresno, CA: Jerry Dyer (Rep.) defeats Andrew Janz (Dem.), 51.8%-
                     39.9%; Sacramento, CA: Mayor Darrell Steinberg (Dem.) wins re-election over
                Mac Arteaga (Ind.) and Jrmar Jefferson (Dem.), 75.4%-15%-9.5%
03/02/20      update to Malaysia state: Malacca (PM).
03/01/20      updates to Malaysia (PM), Uruguay (Pres.), ACP (Secy.-gen.), SAARC (Sec.-gen.)
02/29/20      update to Guinea-Bissau (PM).
02/28/20      updates to Guinea-Bissau (rival Pres.), Malaysia state: Johor (PM), UNDOF (Cmdr.)
02/27/20      updates to Guinea-Bissau (Pres.), Martinique (Pref.), Tunisia (PM).
02/25/20      update to U.S. govt.: FBP (Dir.)
02/21/20      updates to Kazakhstan prov.: Pavlodar (Gov.), PAM (Pres.)
02/20/20      update to U.S. govt.: ODNI (Dir.)
02/18/20      updates to Croatia (Pres.), Gibraltar (Gov.)
02/17/20      update to Italy reg.: Calabria (Pres.)
02/15/20      update to Sint Eustatius (Gov.)
02/14/20      updates to Nigeria state: Bayelsa (Gov.) and Russia admin.: Kaluga (Gov.)
02/13/20      updates to United Kingdom: Northern Ireland (Secy. of State), China prov.:
                     Hubei (Pty. Secy.)
02/10/20      updates to Ukraine prov.: Ivano-Frankivs'k (Gov.), CPLP (Dir.-gen.)
02/09/20      update to African Union (Chair.)
02/06/20      updates to Russia reg.: Perm (Gov.), Chuvashia (PM).
02/05/20      updates to Germany state: Thüringen (PM), Ukraine prov.: L'viv, Ivano-Frankivs'k
02/03/20      updates to Kosovo (PM), France reg.: Corse (Pref.)
02/01/20      updates to GCC (Secy.-gen.), IFRCS (Secy.-gen.), U.S. govt.: Border Patrol (Chf.)
01/31/20      update to European Union: United Kingdom withdraws.
01/29/20      updates to Russia rep.: Chuvashia (Gov.), Venezuela terr.: Distrito Capital (Chf.)
01/28/20      update to Qatar (PM).
01/27/20      updates to Russia rep.: Ingushetia (PM), CE (PACE Pres.)
01/26/20      update to India terr.: Diu and Daman (Admin.)
01/24/20      update to St. Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.)
01/23/20      update to Pacific Community (Dir.-gen.)
01/22/20      update to Russia reg.: Severo-Kavkazskiy (Plenp.)
01/21/20      updates to Lebanon (PM), Malta: Gozo (Min.), Kazakhstan prov.: Shymkent (Akim),
                Canada reg.: Nunatsiavut (PM).
01/20/20      update to Australia state: Tasmania (PM).
01/16/20      update to Russia (PM).
01/15/20      update to Nigeria state: Imo (Gov.)
01/14/20      updates to Guatemala (Pres.), South Korea (PM), U.S. state: Mississippi (Gov.),
                U.S. govt.: Treasury Dept.: Treasurer.
01/13/20      updates to Malta (PM), Marshall Islands (Pres.), Georgia: Abkhazia (Pres.),
                Western Sahara (SADR)(PM), and Micronesia state: Pohnepi (Gov.)
01/11/20      updates to Oman (Sultan, PM), United Kingdom: Northern Ireland (PM).
01/10/20      updates to Oman (Sultan, PM), Solomon Islands prov.: Makira and Ulawa (PM).
01/07/20      updates to Austria (PM), Antigua and Barbuda: Barbuda (Council Chair.), U.S.
                city: Boise (Mayor).
01/06/20      updates to U.S. city: Salt Lake City (Mayor), U.S. govt.: FWS (Dir.)
01/03/20      update to North Macedonia (PM).
01/01/20      updates to Pitcairn Islands (Mayor), Switzerland (Pres.); Swiss cantons: Aargau,
                Fribourg, Graubünden, Jura, Schaffhausen, Solothurn; Czech reg.: Karlovarský
                (Gov.); Norway counties: Adger, Innlandet, Troms og Finnmark and Vestfold og
                Telemark, Vestland, Viken (Gov.); Sweden county: Södermanland (Gov.); U.S. city:
                Savannah (Mayor); EAEU (Chair.), G-7 (Chair.), ISO (Pres.), Norden (Pres.),
                OSCE (Chair.), Parlasur (Pres.)

 Recent Additions to  

10/27/20      added French India Dependencies under India.
05/21/20      added Former Swiss Subject Territories under Switzerland. 
04/26/20      added Nepali Princely States under Nepal.
04/18/20      added to U.S. govt.: National Institutes of Health (NIH) and U.S. Information
                Agency (USIA).
12/20/19      added to U.S. Native Nations: Little Shell Chippewa.
12/20/19      update to U.S. govt.: U.S. Space Force.
12/01/19      expanded Micronesia States (1945-1978).
08/09/19      additions to Burma States (1948-1988) and Myanmar Regions: Wa Division.
04/14/19      additions to Canada First Nations.
10/13/18      added to Religions: Ukraine Renewal Church (1923-1942).
06/16/18      added to Netherlands prov.: Rijnmond.
05/30/18      added to China Foreign Colonies: Peking Legation Quarter.
05/12/18      added to Ethiopia: Gambela British concession.
02/17/18      added Nepal Provinces.
10/25/17      added Roman Empire and Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire pages.
05/22/17      added Tannu Tuva 1941 constitution, Chinese Soviet 1931 constitution,
                     and Czechoslovakia constitutions 1918 and 1960.
05/11/17      added Southern Rhodesia 1961 constitution, South Vietnam 1956 constitution,
                     Yugoslavia 1974 constitution, Hejaz 1926 constitution, Montenegro 1905
                constitution, Indonesia 1950 constitution, Nigeria 1979 constitution,
                and Somalia 1979 constitution.
05/06/17      added Frederiksnagore and expanded Nicobar & Andaman Islands.
09/07/16      added South Vietnam 1967 constitution.
06/14/16      added Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
12/14/15      added Logone to Central African Republic
11/11/15      added Western Kurdistan to Syria.
11/08/15      added State of Muskogee (1799-1803) and Republic of the Floridas (1817)
                under Florida.
03/20/15      added Tucson, AZ to U.S. cities.
02/07/15      added U.S. Lighthouse Service to U.S. government.
12/13/14      added Fuuta Jaloo to Guinea and Timbuktu to Mali native states.
11/15/14      added annual update pages for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
03/07/14      added 5 Districts to French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
10/01/13      added Aragón Council of Defense 1936-37 to Spain Regions.
09/16/13      added Charter Company territories to Mozambique.
04/27/13      additions to China provinces.
04/20/13      added Polish zone of occupation 1945-48 under Germany.
11/01/12      added Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
10/28/12      expanded Vanuatu with 1887-1906 U.K. & French Naval Commissioners.
10/01/12      added France's Hauteville House under Guernsey.
09/26/12      update to Albania: Sazan (Saseno) Island.
07/19/12      added Verapaz Belgian concession 1843-54 under Guatemala.
07/08/12      added 1873 Cantonal Revolution under Spain.
06/20/12      added Carlist governments to Spain.
06/17/12      added Pious Establishments of France in Rome and French Domain in the 
                Holy Land.
01/16/12      added Chatham Islands to New Zealand.
09/01/11      added Goa Dependencies page under Portuguese India.
07/09/11      new South Sudan and South Sudan states pages.
05/01/11      expanded Cameroon traditional states, Tanzania traditional states
                and States of Palau.
03/01/11      update Mayotte becomes a French overseas département.
02/11/11      added new Regions to Myanmar (Burma).
02/05/11      added new Regions to Greece.
01/01/11      added Dutch Language Union (Nederlandse Taalunie)(DLU).
12/28/10      added Lihou to Guernsey.
11/10/10      added Trust Terr. of Pacific Islands district administrators:
                Chuuk, Marshall Is., Mariana Islands, Palau, Ponape, Rota, and Yap.
11/03/10      added Long Beach, California to U.S. Mayors.
10/20/10      added Tadjourah and Rahayto sultanates under Djibouti.
10/15/10      update to Bolivia Departments.
10/10/10      added new separate pages for: Curaçao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius
                and Sint Maarten.
07/31/10      added to British Indian Ocean Territory.
07/27/10      expanded Ghana: English Gold Coast 1632-1751.
07/23/10      expanded Monaco governors-general 1732-1911.
07/13/10      added Rimatara and Rurutu under French Polynesia. 
07/09/10      added Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM).
07/08/10      added International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
06/15/10      added Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
05/30/10      added Saipan, CNMI to U.S. Mayors.
05/05/10      added Council of the Baltic States (CBSS).
04/17/10      new page for Regions of Finland.
03/09/10      added International Seabed Authority (ISA).
02/25/10      added Association of Caribbean States (ACS) and Caribbean Development Bank
02/10/10      added Billings, Montana; Jackson, Mississippi; Lansing, Michigan; Manchester,
                New Hampshire; Orlando, Florida; and Trenton, New Jersey to U.S. Mayors.
09/21/09      expanded Ghana Traditional States.
09/07/09      addition to Bosnia-Hercegovnia: Serbian Autonomous Oblasts 1991-92.
07/25/09      added Cordillera Administrative Region under the Philippines.
06/01/09      added to Croatia: Kraijna constitution 1991-95.
05/25/09      added United National Environmental Programme (UNEP).
05/22/09      expanded Rodrigues Island under Mauritius.
05/04/09      new page begun for Counties of Liberia (incomplete).
04/22/09      added Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
04/10/09      added Fort Worth, Texas to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/09      new page: Vermont State Government 1777-1791.
03/10/09      new page: Provinces of Belgium
02/27/09      new page: Provinces of South Korea.
02/13/09      added Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) and the Andean Parliament.
12/12/08      added to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Katanga 1960 constitution.
11/15/08      added Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
11/07/08      added Latin Union (LU).
10/27/08      addition to Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority.
10/01/08      additions to Saba (anthem), Crete (anthem), Azad Kashmir (constitution).
09/23/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC)
                and the Comptrollers of the Currency.
09/08/08      added 1907 constitution to Crete under Greece.
09/04/08      additions to U.S. govt.: General Services Admin., National Science Found.
08/22/08      added mayors of Hagatna (Agana), Guam to U.S. mayors.
07/22/08      added the Tangier Zone Statute under Morocco and constitutions
                of South Yemen and Zaire.
07/10/08      expanded Other Ugandan Traditional States.
07/02/08      expanded Republic of Ragusa under Croatia.
06/16/08      added Italo-Albanian Catholic Church, expanded Elba under Italy states.
06/01/08      expanded Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions added pre-1991 divisions.
05/20/08      addition to US govt.: Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
03/18/08      added Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO).
03/17/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 
                and Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
03/01/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Patent Office, Bureau of Land Management,
                U.S. Marshals Service, War Relocation Authority, Census Bureau,
                and NOAA Commissioned Corps.
02/17/08      new page: Kosovo page and re-edit of Serbia page.
02/08/08      added Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
02/03/08      added British and French forts in Benin 1650-1807.
01/03/08      added Constitution to Brunei Darussalam.
12/06/07      added Orthodox Church of New Zealand, Orthodox Church of Korea and 
                Old Calendar Church of Bulgaria.
12/04/07      added Organization of Central American States (ODECA) and
                Central American Integration System (SICA) and Collective Security
                Treaty Organization (CSTO).
12/01/07      added Nunatsiavut to Newfoundland.
11/11/07      added Birmingham, Alabama; Oakland, California; and Shreveport,
                Louisiana to U.S. Mayors.
11/03/07      added Santa Fe, New Mexico to U.S. Mayors.
10/19/07      added Kansas City, Missouri to U.S. Mayors.
10/18/07      added Rochester, New York; Savannah, Georgia; and
                Topeka, Kansas to U.S. Mayors.
08/25/07      added Kupang to Indonesian traditional states and Islamabad Cap. Terr.,
                Northern Areas and Tribal Areas to Pakistan provinces.
08/22/07      added International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and
                United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Intersputnik.
08/01/07      added National Council of the Churches (NCC).
07/25/07      added new page Denmark Counties 1970-2006.
07/16/07      expanded Red Cross (ICRC, ICRM, IFRCS) entries. 
07/03/07      added International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO),
                International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO) and Islamic
                Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).
06/20/07      added Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA); United Nations Conference
                on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); United Nations Relief and Works Agency
                for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
06/12/07      added World Customs Organization (WCO). 
05/07/07      added International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
05/01/07      expanded Malta: Gozo.
02/21/07      added new pages for Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/23/07      added San José, California to U.S. Mayors.
01/18/07      new page: Regions of Denmark.
12/20/06      new page: Venezuela States since 1990.
12/08/06      added International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
12/06/06      expanded Burma states 1947-1974.
10/31/06      added Organisation Commune Africaine et Mauricienne (OCAM).
10/08/06      expansion and updates to Indian Princely states A-J and K-M
                and Pakistan Princely States.
06/03/06      separate Montenegro page and re-edit of Serbia page.
05/20/06      expanded Armenia (Eriwan khanate) and Japan (Ryukyu Islands).
05/12/06      expanded Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
05/10/06      added Canton & Enderbury Islands and Kirimati to Kiribati
                expanded British Indian Ocean Terr. added English Hirado Post to Japan.
05/03/06      added Gozo to Malta and Buffer Zone to Cyprus.
04/26/06      expanded Pitcairn and Saint Helena.
04/16/06      added Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
04/07/06      added Albany (NY) to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/06      added Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
03/01/06      added Igelsia Ni Cristo, Fulan Gong, and Buddhist Thailand.
01/15/06      new page: Belarus Administrative Divisions.
01/14/06      added Podolia (1672-99) to Poland and Kokang to Myanmar Shan states.
01/13/06      expanded of Cameroon Traditional states.
12/26/05      new page: Ukraine Administrative Divisions and German occupation
                Reichskommissariat Ukraine General Districts.
12/01/05      new page: Russian S.F.S.R. Administrative divisions (to 1991).
11/12/05      added Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
10/21/05      new page: Self-Proclaimed Micronations (Hutt River Province, Saugeais, 
                Sealand and Seborga).
10/01/05      added Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to U.S. govt.
09/29/05      added Croatia Counties, Japan Prefectures and Slovak Regions.
09/03/05      added United Church of Christ (UCC).
08/09/05      added baLobedu to South African Traditional states.
07/10/05      added Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
05/28/05      added Poland Voivodships 1919-39 and from 1999,
                and General-government districts 1939-45.
05/12/05      additions to Poland: Danzig 1526-1815.

    New Polities and International Organizations

07/04/20      update to Ethiopia new reg.: Sidama.
01/26/20      update to India new terr.: Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
01/12/20      update to Nepal prov.: Bagmati (name).
01/01/20      update to Norway new counties: Adger, Innlandet, Troms og Finnmark,
                Vestfold og Telemark, Vestland and Viken.
10/31/19      updates to India new territories: Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh.
10/05/19      updates to Myanmar: Shan and Karen states and Yemen: Aden Protectorates.
08/08/19      update to Myanmar regions: added Wa Self-Administered Division.
03/21/19      update to Syria (Islamic State ended).
02/22/19      update to Philippines: new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. 
01/01/19      update to Taiwan (ROC) prov.: Fukien (abolished).
12/15/18      update to Orthodox Church of Ukraine (Metrp.)
07/01/18      update to Taiwan (ROC) prov.: Taiwan (abolished).
01/19/18      update to Nepal: new Provinces instituted.
01/01/18      update to France region: Corse (becomes collectivité unique).
01/01/18      update to Norway new county: Trøndelag.
05/11/17      update to Yemen: South Yemen (Southern Transitional Council).
10/05/16      update to Somalia: HirShabelle administration.
07/28/16      update to Russia: federal district Krymskiy (abolished).
07/16/16      update to The Sudan: Darfur TRDA (abolished).
03/31/16      updates Nicaragua Autonomous Regions (names).
01/30/16      update to Mexico: Distrito Federal becomes Ciudad de México.
01/16/16      update Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) opens.
01/01/16      update to France new regions: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-
                Limousin-Poitou-Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté,
                Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Normandie & Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie
12/29/15      update South Sudan abolishes its 10 states creating 28 new states.
12/18/15      updates to French Guiana and Martinique become territorial authorities.
12/14/15      update to Central African Republic: 'Republic' of Logone declared.
10/29/15      update to Congo (Kinshasa) 21 new provinces effected: Bas-Uélé, Équateur,
                Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï
                Oriental, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi,
                Sankuru, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo and Tshuapa.
07/08/15      update New Development Bank (NDB) established.
06/17/15      update Norfolk Island self-government abolished.
01/01/15      update Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) established.
12/25/14      update to Taiwan new special municipality: Taoyuan city.
06/29/14      update Islamic State declared by ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
06/02/14      update to India new state: Telangana.
03/21/14      update to Russia: annexation of Crimea, creating a new Russian federal
                district (Krymsky), republic (Crimea) and federal city (Sevastopol).
03/17/14      update to Ukraine: Crimea declares independence.
01/01/14      Mayotte becomes an overseas department of France.
08/28/13      update to Somalia: Juba Interim Admin. recognized.
07/11/13      update to Sudan province: Western Kordofan restored.
05/13/13      update to Somalia: new region Jubbaland.
04/22/13      update to Indonesia new province: Kalimantan Utara (Gov.)
07/01/12      update to South Korea: Sejong special autonomous city created.
05/17/12      update to Papua New Guinea new provinces: Hela, Jiwaka.
04/06/12      added Azawad under Mali.
01/10/12      update to The Sudan new states: Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur.
10/27/11      update to Venezuela: Francisco de Miranda Territory created.
09/01/11      added Cabildo Insulares to Spain's Canary Islands.
07/09/11      independence of South Sudan.
03/31/11      update Mayotte to become an overseas department of France.
01/01/11      update to Greece: Regions.
12/25/10      update to Taiwan: SinbeiTaichung and Tainan special municipalities created.
10/10/10      Netherlands Antilles dissolved into autonomous countries Curaçao & St. Maarten;
                Bonaire, Saba & St. Eustatius become special municipalities of Netherlands.
07/08/10      International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
05/30/10      Bolivia departments granted autonomy.
01/19/10      update to Russia: new federal district Severo-Kavkazsky (North Caucasian).
10/19/09      update to Uganda: Rwenzururu kingdom recognized. 
10/07/08      update to Nepal: Mustang kingship abolished.
08/31/08      update to The Sudan: Abyei Area created.
05/28/08      update to Nepal: becomes a republic.
05/23/08      update Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) est.
03/01/08      update to Russia: new kray Zabaikalsky.
02/17/08      independence of Kosovo.
12/01/07      update to Newfoundland: Nunatsiavut.
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria: became an emirate.
07/01/07      updates to Russia: new kray Kamchatka and Somalia: Maakhir state.
04/23/07      update to The Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority est.
02/21/07      new French overseas collectivities: Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/01/07      updates to EU: Bulgaria and Romania join; Sri Lanka new prov.: Eastern 
                and Northern.
06/28/06      update to UN: Montenegro joins the United Nations.
06/05/06      independence of Serbia.
06/03/06      independence of Montenegro.
12/01/05      update to Russia: new kray: Perm.
10/01/05      update Ibero-American Secretariat est.
08/14/05      added Galmudug State to Somalia.
07/09/05      update to The Sudan: Government of Southern Sudan.
06/15/05      update to Papua New Guinea: Bougainville Autonomous Government
06/14/05      update to Iraq: Kurdistan Autonomous Region.
04/21/05      update to U.S. govt.: new Director of National Intelligence (DNI). 
10/16/04      update to Indonesia: new province (Sulawesi Barat).
09/01/04      update Antarctic Treaty Secretariat est.
07/01/04      updates Denmark (regions), Indonesia: new province (Kepulauan Riau).
05/01/04      update to EU: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia,
                Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
03/29/04      update to NATO: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,
                Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
02/27/04      update French Polynesia autonomy increased.
02/19/04      update to Haiti: north secedes as Artibonite (to 03/19/04).
01/15/04      update Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) secretariat est.
12/14/03      update to Indonesia: new province (Irian Jaya Barat). 
02/04/03      update Yugoslavia formally abolished: successor Serbia and Montenegro.
03/11/03      update creation of International Criminal Court.
01/24/03      update to U.S. govt.: Department of Homeland Security.
10/12/02      update to Mauritius: autonomous status for Rodrigues Island.
09/27/02      update to UN: East Timor joins the United Nations.
09/10/02      update to UN: Switzerland joins the United Nations.
07/28/02      update to U.S. govt: Transportation Security Administration.
07/09/02      update to Organization of African Unity (OAU) becomes African Union.
05/20/02      independence of East Timor.
04/11/02      update to Somalia: State of Southwest Somalia.
02/14/02      update to Bahrain: becomes a kingdom.

    New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies

10/06/20      update to U.S. city: Salt Lake City (flag).
10/06/20      update to Nepal prov.: Lumbini (name).
09/10/20      update to Republika Srpska (national holiday).
08/26/20      update to Serbia (national holiday).
07/04/20      update to Ethiopia new reg.: Sidama (flag).
06/30/20      update to U.S. state: Mississippi (flag revoked).
06/12/20      update to Nepal prov.: Bagmati (name).
05/15/20      update to U.S. Space Force (flag).
04/05/20      update ACP renamed OACPS.
03/30/20      update to IOC: Games of the XXXII Olympiad postponed to 23/7 - 8/8/2021.
02/10/20      update to Russia reg.: Kemerovo - Kuzbass (flag).
01/30/20      update: ISESCO renamed Islamic World Educational, Scientific and Cultural
01/01/20      updates to Norway counties: Adger, Innlandet, Troms og Finnmark,
           Vestfold og Telemark, Vestland and Viken (flags).
11/12/19      update to U.S. city: Topeka, KS (flag).
10/14/19      update to U.S. city: Des Moines (flag).
10/13/19      update to Italy autonomous prov.: Blozano (name).
10/01/19      update to Myanmar reg.: Sagaing (flag).
08/28/19      update to The Philippines: Bangsamoro Autonomous Reg. (flag).
08/05/19      update to India: Jammu and Kashmir (flag, constitution).
06/21/19      update to IHO (flag).
05/10/19      update to Martinique (flag, hymn).
04/29/19      update to Saint Helena (flag).
04/10/19      update to Cuba (new constitution).
03/27/19      update to Russia reg.: Kemerovo - Kuzbass (name).
03/23/19      update to Kazakhstan (capital name).
02/20/19      update to Zimbabwe (currency).
02/12/19      update to North Macedonia (polity name).
02/04/19      update to Italy reg.: Lombardia (flag)
01/16/19      update to Burundi (capital).
01/08/19      update to Russia reg.: Pskov (flag).
10/03/18      update to Tulsa, OK (flag).
09/28/18      update to Nepal prov.: Sudurpaschim (name).
09/13/18      update to Ethiopia reg.: Somali State (flag).
09/11/18      update to U.S. govt.: TSA (flag).
08/20/18      update to Venezuela (currency).
07/06/18      update to Nepal prov.: Gandaki (name).
06/18/18      updates to Kazakhstan prov.: Shymkent (new region), Türkistan (polity name).
06/08/18      update to Myanmar state: Mon (flag).
06/07/18      update to Burundi (constitution).
05/04/18      update to Chad (constitution).
04/19/18      update to Eswatini (Swaziland) (polity name).
02/27/18      update to Ukraine: Donestk Republic (flag).
02/24/18      update to Nepal prov.: Kamali (name).
02/20/18      update to Venezuela (currency).
11/28/17      updates to Mauritania (flag, anthem).
09/25/17      update to Mauritania (anthem lyrics).
07/24/17      update to Orlando, FL (flag).
04/13/17      update to South Ossetia (polity name).
04/11/17      update to Kyrgyzstan (flag).
04/06/17      update to Thailand (new constitution).
03/10/17      update to Nagorno-Karabakh (polity name, new constitution).
02/07/17      update to Equatorial Guinea (capital).
01/28/17      update to The Gambia (country name).
11/01/16      update to Norden (flag).
10/05/16      update to Somalia reg.: HirShabelle (flag).
09/30/16      updates to France regions: Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine,
                and Occitanie (names).
08/07/16      update to Thailand (new constitution).
07/12/16      update to U.S.: Washington, DC (draft statehood constitution).
07/01/16      update to Czech Republic (English short-form polity name).
04/29/16      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (anthem).
03/06/16      update to Algeria (new constitution).
09/20/15      update to