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2014 2013

New Leaders
Recent Additions
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New Flags, Constitutions, Anthems and Currencies
International Org.
Membership Updates

Elections Calendar

(abbreviations: Admin. = Administrator, Gov. = Governor, PM = Prime minister, Pres. = President, Secy.-gen. = Secretary-general)

New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders

11/11/19      update to U.S. govt.: DHS (Secy.)
11/06/19      update to UNRWA (Comm.-Gen.)
11/05/19      updates to India state: Mizoram (Gov.); U.S. election results: parties - Dem. =
                Democrat, Rep. = Republican, Const. = Constitution Party, Grn. = Green Party,
                Ind. = Independent, Libt. = Libertarian;
              Gubernatorial elections:
              - Kentucky: Attny. Gen. Andy Beshear (Dem.), incumbent Gov. Matt Bevin (Rep.),
                and John Hicks (Libt.) win 49.2%-48.9%-2% of the vote;
              - Mississippi: Lt. Gov. Tate Reeves (Rep.) defeats Attny. Gen. Jim Hood (Dem.),
                David Singletary (Ind.) and Bob Hickingbottom (Const.), 52.%-46.5%-1%-0.3%;
              Mayoral elections: 
              - Akron, OH: incumbent Mayor Dan Horrigan (Dem.) defeats Josh Sines (Rep.),
              - Boise, ID: Lauren McLean (f)(Dem.) leads incumbent Mayor David Bieter (Dem.),
                Rebecca W. Arnold (f)(Rep.), ex-Mayor Brent Coles (Rep.), Wayne Richey (Dem.),
                Adriel Martinez (Ind.), and Cortney Nielsen (f)(Ind.), 45.7%-30.3%-13.2%-7.3%
                -1.6%-1.1%-0.7% (runoff between Bieter and McLean to be held 3 Dec 2019);
              - Charleston, SC: incumbent Mayor John J. Tecklenburg (Dem.), Mike Seekings
                (Rep.), Maurice Washington (Dem.), Francis Gary White Jr. (Ind.), Michelle
                Renee Orth (f)(Ind.), Sheri Irwin (f)(Ind.), each win 48%-34%-8%-7%-2%-1%
                (a runoff between Tecklenburg and Seekings to be held on 19 Nov 2019);
              - Charlotte, NC: incumbent Mayor Vi Alexander Lyles (f)(Dem.) defeats David
                Michael Rice (Rep.), 77.2%-2.32%;
                   - Columbus, OH: incumbent Mayor Andrew Ginther (Dem.) is re-elected unopposed
                     with 93.5%, write-in candidate Jeff Leopard (Ind.) takes 6.5%;
                   - Des Moines, IA: incumbent Mayor Frank Cownie (Dem.), Jack Hatch (Dem.),
                     Chase Holm (Ind.), and Joe Grandanette (Rep.) win 43.4%-42.6%-8.3%-5.4%
                (a runoff between Cownie and Hatch to take place 3 Dec 2019);
                   - Hartford, CT: incumbent Mayor Luke Bronin (Dem.) defeats ex-Mayor Eddie A.
                     Perez (Dem.), J. Stan McCauley (Ind.), Giselle "Gigi" Jacobs (f)(Ind.), and
                     Aaron Lewis (Libt.), 76.5%-12.2%-8.5%-1.5%-0.6%;
                   - Houston, TX: incumbent Mayor Sylvester Turner (Dem.) wins 46.9%, Tony Buzbee
                     (Rep.) 28.4%, Bill King (Rep.) 13.8%, Dwight Boykins (Dem.) 6.1%, Victoria
                     Romero (f)(Rep.) 1.2%, Susan Lovell (f)(Dem.) 1.2%, Demetria Smith (f)(Dem.)
                     0.7%, Roy J. Vasquez (Ind.) 0.6%, Kendall Baker (Rep.) 0.4%, Derrick Broze
                     (Ind.) 0.3%, Johnny Taylor (Ind.) 0.2%, and Naoufal Houjami (Ind.) 0.2%
                (a runoff between Turner and Buzbee will be held on 14 Dec 2019);
                   - Indianapolis, IN: incumbent Mayor Joe Hogsett (Dem.) defeats James W. Merritt
                     (Rep.), and Douglas McNaughton (Libt.), 71.4%-26.9%-1.5%;
              - Manchester, NH: incumbent Mayor Joyce Craig (f)(Dem.) defeats Victoria
                Sullivan (f)(Rep.), 56.7%-43.3%;   
              - Orlando, FL: incumbent Mayor Buddy Dyer (Dem.) is re-elected over Samuel B.
                Ings (Dem.) and Aretha Simons (f)(Dem.), 72%-17.4%-10.6%;
              - Philadelphia, PA: incumbent Mayor James F. Kenney (Dem.) defeats Billy
                Ciancaglini (Rep.), 80%-19.7%;
              - Salt Lake City, UT: Erin Mendenhall (f)(Dem.) defeats Luz Escamilla (f)(Dem.)
              - San Francisco, CA: incumbent Mayor Landon Breed (f)(Dem.) defeats Ellen Lee
                Zhou (f)(Rep.), Joel Ventresca (Dem.), Paul Ybarra Robertson (Ind.), William
                Pang (Ind.), and Robert L. Jordan (Ind.), 68%-14.5%-7.4%-4.6%-2.8%-1.5%;
              - Savannah, GA: Van R. Johnson (Ind.) wins 46%, incumbent Mayor Eddie DeLoach
                (Rep.) 40%, Regina D. Thomas (f) (Dem.) 14%, and Louis E. Wilson (Ind.) 1%  
                (a runoff between DeLoach and Johnson to be held on 3 Dec 2019);
              - Tucson, AZ: Regina Romero (f)(Dem.) defeats Edward Ackerley (Ind.) and Mike
                Cease (Grn.), 55.7%-39.7%-3.9%;
11/04/19      update to Romania (PM).
11/03/19      update to India state: Goa (Gov.)
11/01/19      update to ECB (Pres.)
10/31/19      updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), India terr.: Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh (Lt. gov.)
10/27/19      update to Belgium (PM).
10/26/19      update to Syria: Islamic State (Emir).
10/25/19      updates to Canada terr. Northwest Terr. (PM), Ukraine prov.: Luhans'k (Gov.),
                NAM (Chair.)
10/23/19      update to Tunisia (Pres.)
10/18/19      update to U.S. govt.: Air Force (Secy.)
10/11/19      update to Ukraine prov.: Odesa (Gov.)
10/10/19      updates to Cuba (Pres.), Sint Maarten (PM).
10/09/19      update to Greece reg.: Athos (Pref.)
10/08/19      updates to Azerbaijan (PM), U.S. city elections: Montgomery AL (runoff): Judge
                Steven Reed (Dem.) defeats David Woods (Rep.), 67.3% - 32.7%; Raleigh, NC:
                Mary-Ann Baldwin (f)(Dem.), Charles Francis (Dem.), Caroline Sullivan (f)
                (Dem.) and Zainab Baloch (f)(Dem.) win 38.3%-31.2%-20.5%-6.47% (a runoff on
                5 Nov 2019 between Baldwin and Francis is not held because Francis declines).
10/03/19      update to U.S. city election: Memphis, TN: Mayor Jim Strickland (Dem.) defeats
                ex-Mayor Willie Herenton (Dem.) and Tami Sawyer (f)(Dem.), 62.1%-28.7%-6.9%
10/02/19      update to Belgium reg.: Flanders (PM).
10/01/19      updates to San Marino (Capt.-reg.), IMF (Dir.)
09/30/19      updates to Peru (PM), Norway: Jan Mayen (Chief), U.S. govt.: Labor Dept. (Secy.),
                Joint Chiefs (Chair.)
09/28/19      update to U.S. city: Nashville (Mayor).
09/27/19      update to Tonga (PM).
09/25/19      update to Cyprus: British Sovereign Base Areas (Admin.)
09/20/19      update to Ukraine rep.: Crimea (PM).
09/19/19      update to Tuvalu (PM).
09/18/19      updates to Kazakhstan reg.: Karaganda (Gov.), U.S. govt: NSC (Adv.), Ukraine
                prov.: Mykolayiv, Vinnytsya (Gov.), Council of Europe (Secy.-gen.)
09/17/19      update to Belgium reg.: French Community (PM).
09/16/19      updates to Faroe Islands (PM), Syria: UNDOF (Cmdr.), United Nations (Gen. Asmb.
09/13/19      updates to Belgium reg.: Wallonia (PM), Ukraine prov.: Dnipropetrovs'k (Gov.)
09/12/19      updates to Tonga (PM), Russia rep.: Ingushetia (PM), IMF (Dir.), U.S. govt.:
                UN Ambassador; U.S. mayor election Nashville, TN (runoff): John Cooper (Dem.)
                defeats Mayor David Briley (Dem.), 69.12%-30.2%.
09/11/19      update to India state: Himachal Pradesh (Gov.)
09/10/19      update to U.S. govt: NSC (Adv.)
09/09/19      updates to India state: Rajasthan (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Rivne (Gov.)
09/08/19      updates to Georgia (PM), Canada prov.: New Brunswick (Lt. gov.), India 
                state: Telangana (Gov.)
09/07/19      update to Congo (Kinshasa) (PM).
09/06/19      update to India state: Kerala (Gov.)
09/05/19      updates to India state: Maharashtra (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Zaporizhzhya (Gov.)
09/01/19      updates to Greece reg.: Attikí, Dytikí Elláda, Dytikí Makedonía, Iónioi Nísoi,
                Pelopónnisos, Stereá Elláda and Vóreio Aigaío (Gov.)
08/31/19      updates to Ethiopia reg.: Southern Nations (Pres.), Japan pref.: Saitama (Gov.)
08/29/19      updates to Ukraine (PM), Spain reg.: La Rioja (Pres.)
08/27/19      updates to Nauru (Pres.), U.S. election: Montgomery, AL: Steven Reed (Dem.),
                     David Woods (Rep.), Ed Cowell (Ind.), J.C. Love (Ind.), Elton Norris Dean
                     (Ind.), and Artur Davis (Dem.) win 42.5%-23.5%-12.06%-9.73%-4.2%-4.1% (a runoff
                     between Reed and Woods is held on 8 Oct 2019).
08/21/19      update to The Sudan (Pres.), (PM).
08/19/19      updates to Spain reg.: Madrid (Pres.), Ukraine prov.: Mykolayiv (Gov., )U.S.
                govt.: FBOP (Dir.)
08/15/19      updates to Germany state: Bremen (Mayor), U.S. govt.: ODNI (Dir.)
08/12/19      update to U.S. govt.: FAA (Admin.)
08/08/19      updates to French Polynesia (High Com.), Ukraine prov.: Zhytomyr (Gov.)
08/07/19      update to Puerto Rico (Gov.)
08/06/19      update to Spain reg.: Navarra (Pres.)
08/05/19      updates to Mauritania (PM), French Guiana (Pref.), New Caledonia (High Com.),
                Solomon Islands prov.: Rennell and Bellona (PM), Sri Lanka prov.: Central,
                Southern, Uva (Gov.)
08/02/19      updates to Canada prov.: New Brunswick (Lt. Gov.), Puerto Rico (Gov.)
08/03/19      update to French Guiana (Pref.)
08/01/19      updates to Mauritania (Pres.), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (Gov.-gen.),
                India state: Nagaland (Gov.), Somalia reg.: Benadir (Gov.), Ukraine prov.:
                Ivano-Frankivs'k (Gov.), FAO (Secy.-gen.), U.S. city: Kansas City, MO (Mayor);
                U.S. city election: Nashville, TN: John Cooper (Dem.) wins 35%, incumbent Mayor
                David Briley (Dem.) 25.3%, Carol M. Swain (f)(Ind.) 21.9%, and John Ray
                Clemmons (Dem.) 16.1% (a runoff will be held on 12 Sep 2019).
07/30/19      updates to India state: West Bengal (Gov.), Kazakhstan reg.: Shymkent (Gov.),
                Ukraine prov.: Cherkasy (Gov.)
07/29/19      updates to India states: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura,
                and Uttar Pradesh (Gov.); Mayotte (Pref.), U.S. govt.: BLM (Dir.)
07/28/19      update to New Caledonia (High Com.)
07/26/19      update to India state: Karnataka (PM).
07/25/19      updates to Tunisia (Pres.), United Kingdom: Scotland (Secy. of State),
                Northern Ireland (Secy. of State), IAEA (Dir.-gen.)
07/24/19      updates to United Kingdom (PM), India state: Andhra Pradesh (Gov.)
07/23/19      updates to U.S. govt.: Defense Dept. (Secy.), Army (Secy.), Navy (Secy.)
07/22/19      updates to India states: Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh (Gov.), IAEA (Dir.-gen.)
07/20/19      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovnia (Pres.), Spain reg.: Asturias (Pres.)
07/19/19      update to U.S. govt.: Labor Dept. (Secy.)
07/18/19      updates to Canada prov.: Saskatchewan (Lt. gov.), Spain reg.: Val d'Arán (Pres.),
                     IAEA (Dir.-gen.)
07/16/19      update to Spain reg.: Canaria (Pres.)
07/15/19      updates to Ethiopia state: Amhara (Pres.), Turks and Caicos Islands (Gov.)
                Australia terr.: Lord Howe Island (Chair.), U.S. govt.: Defense Dept. (Secy.),
                Army (Secy.), Navy (Secy.)
07/13/19      updates to India terr.: Lakshadweep (Admin.), Indonesia prov.: Kepulauan Riau
07/12/19      updates to Lithuania (Pres.), Spain reg.: Castilla-León (Pres.), U.S. govt.:
                Marines (Cmdt.)
07/11/19      updates to Ukraine prov.: Kherson (Gov.), Russia: Sevastopol (Gov.)
07/10/19      update to Iraq reg.: Kurdistan (PM).
07/09/19      updates to New Caledonia (Pres.), Ukraine prov.: Kyyiv (Gov.)
07/08/19      updates to Greece (PM), Latvia (Pres.)
07/07/19      update to Solomon Islands (Gov.-gen.)
07/05/19      updates to Solomon Islands prov.: Malaita (PM), Ukraine prov.: Donets'k,
                Luhans'k, L'viv, Zakarpattya (Gov.)
07/03/19      update to European Union (Parl. Pres.)
07/02/19      updates to Canada prov.: Saskatchewan (Lt. Gov.), Belgium reg.: Flanders
07/01/19      updates to Australia (Gov.-gen.), Panama (Pres.), Swiss cantons: Basel-Land,
                Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden.
06/30/19      update to Syria (rebel Pres., PM).
06/29/19      update to ECOWAS (Chair.)
06/28/19      updates to The Bahamas (Gov.-gen.), Guernsey: Alderney (Pres.), Congo (DRC)
                     prov.: Nord Kivu (Gov.). Kazakhstan prov.: Qyzylorda, Almaty (Gov.)
06/27/19      updates to Denmark (PM), Guinea-Bissau (Pres.), Solomon Islands prov.: Central
                (PM), Ukraine prov.: Dnipropetrovs'k, Kirovohrad (Gov.) 
06/26/19      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovnia: EUFOR (Cmdr), Russia rep.: Ingushetia (Pres.)
06/25/19      updates to Solomon Islands prov.: Guadalcanal (PM), Ukraine: Crimea (Rep.),
                Ukraine prov.: Sumy (Gov.) 
06/24/19      updates to Ukraine prov.: Cherkasy, Rivne, Zhytomyr (Gov.); U.S. govt.:
                Defense Dept. (Secy.), Army (Secy.)
06/22/19      update to Ethiopia state: Amhara (Pres.)
06/18/19      update to U.S. mayor election: Kansas City, MO: Quinton Lucas (Dem.) defeats
                     Jolie Justus (f)(Dem.), 63.2% to 36.8%
06/17/19      updates to Réunion (Pref.), U.S. city: Dallas (Mayor), U.S. govt.: SSA (Dir.)
06/16/19      update to U.S. govt.: Smithsonian (Sec.)
06/15/19      updates to Slovakia (Pres.), Spain reg.: Melilla (Mayor).
06/14/19      updates to Moldova (PM), Greece reg.: Athos (Admin.), Ukraine prov.: Odesa,
                Poltava (Gov.), WMO (Pres.)
06/13/19      updates to Kazakhstan prov.: Mangghystau, Batys Qazaqstan, Nur-Sultan (Gov.)
06/12/19      update to Indonesia prov.: Lampung (Gov.)
06/11/19      updates to Ukraine prov.: Chernihiv, Ivano-Frankiv'sk, Khmel'nyts'ky, Kirovohrad,
                Kyyiv, L'viv, Mykolayiv, Odesa, Poltava, Sumy, Ternopil', Volyn', Zakarpattya,
                Zaporizhzhya (Gov.)
06/10/19      updates to Iraq reg.: Kurdistan (Pres.), Italy reg.: Piemonte (Pres.), U.S.
                govt.: USCIS (Dir.)
06/08/19      updates to Moldova (PM); U.S. mayor elections: Dallas, TX (runoff): Eric Johnson
                (Dem.) wins 55.6% and Scott Griggs (Dem.) 44.4%; San Antonio, TX (runoff)
                incumbent Mayor Ron Nirenberg (Ind.) wins 51.1%, Greg Brockhouse (Dem.) 48.9%
06/06/19      update to Finland (PM).
06/05/19      updates to Russia admin.: Astrakhan (Gov.), Sri Lanka prov.: Eastern (Gov.)
06/04/19      updates to Sri Lanka prov.: Western (Gov.); U.S. mayor election: Denver, CO
                     (runoff): Mayor Michael Hancock (Dem.) wins 56.3% and Jamie Giellis (f)(Dem.)
06/03/19      updates to Austria (PM), Swiss canton: Bern.
06/01/19      updates to El Salvador (Pres.), Swiss cantons: Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Neuchâtel,
                Sankt Gallen, Thurgau; U.S. govt.: Air Force (Secy.), USCIS (Dir.)
05/30/19      updates to Papua New Guinea (PM), India state: Andhra Pradesh (PM).
05/29/19      updates to French Polynesia (High Com.); Nigeria states: Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue,
                Borno, Gombe, Imo, Kwara, Lagos, Nassarawa, Ogun, Oyo, Yobe, Zamfra (Gov.);
                Syria: UNDOF (Cmdr.) 
05/28/19      updates to Austria (PM), Italy reg.: Umbria (Pres.), U.S. govt.: ICE (Dir.)
05/27/19      update to India state: Sikkim (PM).
05/24/19      update to New Caledonia (Congress Pres.)
05/23/19      updates to Comoros islands: Ndzuwani, Ngazidja (Gov.), Congo (DRC) prov.:
                Tshopo (Gov.)
05/22/19      updates to Cyprus: Turkish Northern Cyprus (PM), South Africa prov.: Eastern
                Cape, Kwa Zulu-Natal, Northern Cape, and Western Cape (PM).
05/21/19      update to Congo (DRC) prov.: Maniema (Gov.)
05/20/19      updates to Ukraine (Pres.), Congo (DRC) prov.: Haut-Katanga (Gov.), U.S. cities:
                Chicago and Lincoln, NE (Mayors).
05/16/19      update to Andorra (PM).
05/15/19      updates to Guernsey: Alderney (Pres.), Solomon Islands prov.: Guadalcanal (PM).
05/14/19      updates to Senegal (PM), Congo (DRC) prov.: Bas-Uélé (Gov.)
05/12/19      update to North Macedonia (Pres.)
05/11/19      updates to Federated States of Micronesia (Pres.), St. Helena (Gov.), Congo (DRC)
                prov.: Haut-Lomami (Gov.), Greek Orthodox in America (Arch-bsp.), U.S. govt.:
                BLM (Dir.)
05/10/19      updates to Congo (DRC) prov.: Kasaï, Lomami, Tanganyika (Gov.)
05/09/19      updates to Canada prov.: Prince Edward Island (PM), Congo (DRC) prov.: Kwango,
                Sud-Kivu (Gov.), Greek Orthodox in Australia (Arch-bsp.) 
05/08/19      update to Congo (DRC) prov.: Kasaï Oriental, Haut-Uélé (Gov.)
05/07/19      updates to Congo (DRC) prov.: Kasaï Central, Kinshasa (Gov.); U.S. elections:
                Denver, CO: incumbent Mayor Michael Hancock (Dem.) wins 38.5%, Jamie Giellis
                (f)(Dem.) 24.8%, Lisa Calderón (f)(Dem.) 18.5%, Penfield Tate III (Dem.) 14.7%,
                and Kalyn Rose Heffernan (f)(Ind.) 2.4% (runoff held on 4 Jun 2019);
                Lincoln, NE: Leirion Gaylor Baird (f)(Dem.) defeats Cyndi Lamm (f)(Rep.), 54.4%
                to 45.4%
05/06/19      update to Swiss cantons: Zürich.
05/04/19      updates to Nicaragua reg.: Costa Caribe Sur (Coord.); U.S. mayor elections:
                Dallas, TX: Eric Johnson (Dem.) wins 20.3%, Scott Griggs (Dem.) 18.5%, Lynn
                McBee (f)(Dem.) 14.0%, Mike Ablon (Dem.) 13.5%, Miguel Solis (Dem.) 10.7%,
                Regina Montoya (f)(Dem.) 10.5%, and Jason Villalba (Rep.) 6.7%; Fort Worth, TX:
                incumbent Mayor Betsy Price (f)(Rep.) defeats Deborah Peoples (f)(Dem.), 55.7%-
                41.8%; San Antonio, TX: incumbent Mayor Ron Nirenberg (Ind.) wins 48.7% and
                Greg Brockhouse (Dem.) 45.6% (runoffs in Dallas and San Antonio to be held
                on 8 Jun 2019).
05/03/19      update to NATO (SACEUR).
05/02/19      updates to Andorra (Gen. Syndic), Australia state: New South Wales (Gov.), U.S.
                city: Baltimore (Mayor).
05/01/19      updates to Japan (Emperor), Georgia reg.: Abkhazia (exile PM), Swiss canton:
                Valais, U.S. govt.: ATF (Dir.), Secret Service (Dir.), U.S. city: Tampa (Mayor)
04/30/19      updates to Canada prov.: Alberta (PM), Japan pref.: Shimane (Gov.)
04/24/19      updates to Solomon Islands (PM), Indonesia prov.: Maluku (Gov.)
04/23/19      updates to Mali (PM), Japan pref.: Fukui, Hokkaido (Gov.), U.S. city election:
                Tampa, FL (runoff): Jane Castor (f)(Dem.) defeat David Straz (Dem.) 73.1%-
04/22/19      update to Russia rep.: Kalmykia (PM).
04/19/19      update to Syria: UNDOF (Cmdr.)
04/18/19      update to Ethiopia state: Oromia (Pres.)
04/16/19      updates to Italy reg.: Basilicata (Pres.), UNASUR (Pres.)
04/15/19      update to U.S. govt.: Customs (Comm.)
04/14/19      update to Malaysia state: Johor (PM).
04/13/19      update to Palestinian Authority (PM).
04/12/19      updates to The Sudan (Pres.), Italy: Seborga (Prince), Ukraine prov.: Kherson
                (Gov.), U.S. govt.: ICE (Dir.)
04/11/19      updates to North Korea (Pres., PM), The Sudan (Pres, PM), Spain reg.: Madrid
                (Pres.), Swiss canton: Ticino.
04/10/19      updates to Ukraine prov.: Odesa (Gov.), U.S. govt.: Homeland Security (Secy.)
04/09/19      update to World Bank (Pres.)
04/08/19      updates to Georgia reg.: Abkhazia (exile Pres.), Japan pref.: Osaka (Gov.)
04/05/19      update to U.S. govt.: FDA (Comm.)
04/04/19      updates to Malta (Pres.), IRENA (Dir.-gen.)
04/03/19      update to Algeria (Pres.)
04/02/19      updates to U.S. mayor elections Chicago, IL (runoff): Lori Lightfoot (f)(Dem.)
                defeats Toni Preckwinkle (f)(Dem.), 73.7% to 26.3%; Las Vegas, NV: Mayor
                Carolyn Goodman (f)(Dem.) wins re-election with 83.5% vs. Phil Collins
                (Prohibition) 5.3%, Amy Luciano (f)(Ind.) 3.1%, Tina Alexander (f)(Ind.) 2.9%,
                Mack Miller (Rep.) 2.3%, Vance Sanders (Ind.) 1.9%, Zachary Krueger (Ind.) 0.9%
04/01/19      update to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.)
03/29/19      updates to Philippines reg.: Bangsamoro (Gov.), U.S. govt.: U.S. Marshals Service
03/26/19      update to St. Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Chief Islander).
03/25/19      update to Greek Orthodox Church Australia (Archbp.)
03/21/19      updates to Haiti (PM); Syria: ISIL; Russia admin.: Murmansk, Orenburg (Gov.);
                U.S. city: Phoenix (Mayor).
03/20/19      updates to Kazakhstan (Pres.); Italy reg.: Sardinia (Pres.); Japan pref.: Osaka
                (Gov.); Russia rep.: Altay, Kalmykia (Pres.); U.S. city election: Jacksonville:
                incumbent Mayor Lenny Curry (Rep.) wins 57.8%, Anna Lopez Brosche (f)(Rep.)
                24.2%, Omega Allen (f) (Ind.) 10.5%, and Jimmy Hill (Rep.) 7.5%.
03/19/19      updates to India state: Goa (PM), Kazakhstan prov.: Aqmola (Gov.), Russia reg.:
                Chelyabinsk (Gov.)
03/17/19      update to India state: Goa (PM).
03/15/19      update to Ukraine prov.: Poltava (Gov.)
03/13/19      update to Saint Helena: Ascension (Admin.)
03/12/19      updates to Algeria (PM), Tokelau (Head), Congo (DRC) prov.: Kasaï Central,
                Ethiopia reg.: Dire Dawa (Mayor); U.S. mayor election: Phoenix, AZ (runoff)
                Kate Gallego (f)(Dem.) defeats Daniel Valenzuela (Dem.), 58.6%-41.3%.
03/11/19      updates to Peru (PM), Myanmar reg.: Tanintharyi (PM).
03/10/19      updates to Syria (rebel PM), Indonesia prov.: Maluku (Gov.), Myanmar reg.:
                Tanintharyi (PM).
03/09/19      update to India state: Mizoram (Gov.)
03/08/19      update to U.S. govt.: FEMA (Dir.)
03/05/19      update to U.S. mayor election: Tampa, FL Jane Castor (f)(Dem.) wins 48%, David
                     Straz (Dem.) 15.5%, Harry Cohen (Dem.) 12.1%, Ed Turanchik (Dem.) 8.9%, Dick
                     Greco Jr. 8.6% (Dem.), Mike Suarez (Dem.) 5.1% (runoff to be held 23 Apr 2019).
02/27/19      update to Central African Republic (PM).
02/26/19      updates to British Virgin Islands (PM), Kazakhstan prov.: Aqtöbe, Türkistan
                     (Gov.); U.S. mayor election: Chicago, IL Lori Lightfoot (f)(Dem.) wins 17.5%
                     of the vote, Toni Preckwinkle (f) (Dem.) 16.1%, William M. Daley (Dem.) 14.7%,
                     and Willie Wilson (Dem.) 10.7%, Susana Mendoza (f)(Dem.) 9%, Amara Enyia (f)
                    (Dem.) 8%, Jerry Joyce (Dem.) 7.3%, Gery Chico (Dem.) 6.2%, Paul Vallas (Dem.)
                     5.4%, and Garry McCarthy (Dem.) 2.7% (runoff to take place on 2 Apr 2019).
02/25/19      updates to Italy reg.: Abruzzo (Pres.), U.S. govt.: NOAA (Admin.)
02/24/19      update to The Sudan (PM).
02/23/19      update to PAM (Pres.)
02/22/19      updates to Philippines reg.: Bangsamoro (PM), Congo DRC prov.: Nord-Kivu (Gov.)
02/21/19      updates to Kazakhstan (PM), Mexico state: Puebla (Gov.)
02/20/19      updates to Chile prov.: Antártica Chilena (Gov.), Indonesia prov.: Riau (Gov.)
02/17/19      update to Japan pref.: Yamanashi (Gov.)
02/14/19      update to U.S. govt.: Justice Dept. (Attny. Gen.)
02/13/19      updates to Chile reg.: Magallanes (Int.), Indonesia prov.: Jawa Timur (Gov.)
02/10/19      update to AU (Chair.)
02/06/19      updates to Australian Antarctic Terr.(Dir.), Bonsia-Hercegovnia: Brčko
                (Intl. Suprv.)
02/01/19      update to World Bank (Pres.)
01/31/19      update to Malaysia (King).
01/30/19      update to Wallis and Futuna: Sigave (PM).
01/25/19      update to Wallis and Futuna: Alo (PM).
01/24/19      updates to Burkina Faso (PM), Congo (Kinshasa) (Pres.)
01/23/19      updates to Latvia (PM), Venezuela (Pres. in opposition)
01/19/19      update to U.S. state: Tennessee (Gov.)
01/18/19      updates to Madagascar (Pres.), Spain reg.: Andalucía (Pres.)
01/15/19      updates to Gabon (PM), Malaysia state: Pahang (Sultan), U.S. tribe: Navajo
01/14/19      updates to Taiwan (ROC)(PM), Ecuador: Galápagos (Gov.); U.S. states: Georgia,
                Illinois, Kansas, Ohio, and Oklahoma (Gov.); Micronesia state: Yap (Gov.)
01/10/19      update to Wallis and Futuna (Admin.-Sup.)
01/09/19      updates to U.S. state: Connecticut (Gov.), Sri Lanka prov.: Southern, Uva (Gov.)
01/08/19      updates to Micronesia state: Kosrae (Gov.), Somalia state: Puntland (Pres.);
                U.S. states Colorado, Florida (Gov.)
01/07/19      updates to Guam (Gov.), Virgin Islands (Gov.), Sri Lanka prov.: Northern,
                Sabaragamuwa, Uva (Gov.); U.S. states: California, Idaho, Minnesota, Nevada,
                Wisconsin and Wyoming (Gov.); U.S. govt.: Census (Dir.); ACTO (Secy.-gen.),
                United Nations: UNAOC (High Rep.)
01/06/19      update to Malaysia (King).
01/05/19      update to U.S. state: South Dakota (Gov.)
01/04/19      updates to Cameroon (PM), Sri Lanka prov.: Central, Eastern, North Central,
                     North Western, Western (Gov.), Palau state: Ngatpang (Gov.)
01/03/19      updates to U.S. Congress: House of Rep. (Speaker), Senate (Pres. Pro tem).
01/02/19      updates to U.S. state: Maine (Gov.), U.S. govt.: Interior Dept. (Secy.),
                U.N. Rep., Chief of Staff.
01/01/19      updates to Brazil (Pres.), Switzerland (Pres.); Brazil states: Acre, Amazonas,
                Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Pará,
                Paraíba, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul,
                Rondônia, São Paulo (Gov.); Palau state: Angaur (Gov.); Peru reg.: Amazonas,
                Áncash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Cusco, Huancavelica,
                Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Lima Metropolitana, Loreto,
                Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martín, Tacna, Tumbes, Ucayali
                (Pres.); Swiss cantons: Aargau, Fribourg, Graubünden, Jura, Schaffhausen,
                Solothurn, Zug; APEC (Exec. Dir), CPLP (Exec. Sec.), EAEU (Chair.), G-7
                (Chair.), Mercosur (Dir.), Norden (Pres.), OSCE (Chair.), OIF (Secy.-gen.),
                SCO (Secy.-gen.); Mexico state: Tabasco (Gov.); U.S. states: Michigan,
                New Mexico (Gov.); U.S. govt.: Defense Dept. (Secy.); Italy: French Pious
                Establishments (Admin.)

 Recent Additions to  

10/13/18      added to Religions: Ukraine Renewal Church (1923-1942).
06/16/18      added to Netherlands prov.: Rijnmond.
05/30/18      added to China Foreign Colonies: Peking Legation Quarter.
05/12/18      added to Ethiopia: Gambela British concession.
02/17/18      added Nepal Provinces.
10/25/17      added Roman Empire and Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire pages.
05/22/17      added Tannu Tuva 1941 constitution, Chinese Soviet 1931 constitution,
                     and Czechoslovakia constitutions 1918 and 1960.
05/11/17      added Southern Rhodesia 1961 constitution, South Vietnam 1956 constitution,
                     Yugoslavia 1974 constitution, Hejaz 1926 constitution, Montenegro 1905
                constitution, Indonesia 1950 constitution, Nigeria 1979 constitution,
                and Somalia 1979 constitution.
05/06/17      added Frederiksnagore and expanded Nicobar & Andaman Islands.
09/07/16      added South Vietnam 1967 constitution.
06/14/16      added Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
12/14/15      added Logone to Central African Republic
11/11/15      added Western Kurdistan to Syria.
11/08/15      added State of Muskogee (1799-1803) and Republic of the Floridas (1817)
                under Florida.
03/20/15      added Tucson, AZ to U.S. cities.
02/07/15      added U.S. Lighthouse Service to U.S. government.
12/13/14      added Fuuta Jaloo to Guinea and Timbuktu to Mali native states.
11/15/14      added annual update pages for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
03/07/14      added 5 Districts to French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
10/01/13      added 1936-37 Aragón Council of Defense to Spain Regions.
09/16/13      added Charter Company territories to Mozambique.
04/27/13      additions to China provinces.
04/20/13      added Polish zone of occupation 1945-48 under Germany.
11/01/12      added Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
10/28/12      expanded Vanuatu with 1887-1906 U.K. & French Naval Commissioners.
10/01/12      added France's Hauteville House under Guernsey.
09/26/12      update to Albania: Saseno Island.
07/19/12      added Verapaz Belgian concession 1843-54 under Guatemala.
07/08/12      added 1873 Cantonal Revolution under Spain.
06/20/12      added Carlist governments to Spain.
06/17/12      added Pious Establishments of France in Rome and French Domain in the 
                Holy Land.
01/16/12      added Chatham Islands to New Zealand.
09/01/11      added Goa Dependencies page under Portuguese India.
07/09/11      new South Sudan and South Sudan states pages.
05/01/11      expanded Cameroon traditional states, Tanzania traditional states
                and States of Palau.
03/01/11      update Mayotte becomes a French overseas département.
02/11/11      added new Regions to Myanmar (Burma).
02/05/11      added new Regions to Greece.
01/01/11      added Dutch Language Union (Nederlandse Taalunie)(DLU).
12/28/10      added Lihou to Guernsey.
11/10/10      added Trust Terr. of Pacific Islands district administrators:
                Chuuk, Marshall Is., Mariana Islands, Palau, Ponape, Rota, and Yap.
11/03/10      added Long Beach, California to U.S. Mayors.
10/20/10      added Tadjourah and Rahayto sultanates to Djibouti.
10/15/10      update to Bolivia Departments.
10/10/10      added new separate pages for: Curaçao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius
                and Sint Maarten.
07/31/10      added to British Indian Ocean Territory.
07/27/10      expanded Ghana: English Gold Coast 1632-1751.
07/23/10      expanded Monaco governors-general 1732-1911.
07/13/10      added Rimatara and Rurutu under French Polynesia. 
07/09/10      added Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM).
07/08/10      added International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
06/15/10      added Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
05/30/10      began page for Saipan mayors.
05/05/10      added Council of the Baltic States (CBSS).
04/17/10      new page for Regions of Finland.
03/09/10      added International Seabed Authority (ISA).
02/25/10      added Association of Caribbean States (ACS) and Caribbean Development Bank
02/10/10      added Billings, Montana; Jackson, Mississippi; Lansing, Michigan; Manchester,
                New Hampshire; Orlando, Florida; and Trenton, New Jersey to U.S. Mayors.
09/21/09      expanded Ghana Traditional States.
09/07/09      addition to Bosnia-Hercegovnia: Serbian Autonomous Oblasts 1991-92.
07/25/09      added Cordillera Administrative Region under the Philippines.
06/01/09      added to Croatia: Kraijna constitution 1991-95.
05/25/09      added United National Environmental Programme (UNEP).
05/22/09      expanded Rodrigues under Mauritius.
05/04/09      new page begun for Counties of Liberia (incomplete).
04/22/09      added Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
04/10/09      added Fort Worth, Texas to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/09      new page: Vermont State Government 1777-1791.
03/10/09      new page: Provinces of Belgium
02/27/09      new page: Provinces of South Korea.
02/13/09      added Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) and the Andean Parliament.
12/12/08      added to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Katanga 1960 constitution.
11/15/08      added Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
11/07/08      added Latin Union (LU).
10/27/08      addition to Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority.
10/01/08      additions to Saba (anthem), Crete (anthem), Azad Kashmir (constitution).
09/23/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC)
                and the Comptrollers of the Currency.
09/08/08      added 1907 constitution to Crete under Greece.
09/04/08      additions to U.S. govt.: General Services Admin., National Science Found.
08/22/08      added mayors of Hagatna (Agana), Guam to U.S. mayors.
07/22/08      added the Tangier Zone Statute under Morocco and constitutions
                of South Yemen and Zaire.
07/10/08      expanded Other Ugandan Traditional States.
07/02/08      expanded Republic of Ragusa under Croatia.
06/16/08      added Italo-Albanian Catholic Church, expanded Elba under Italy states.
06/01/08      expanded Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions added pre-1991 divisions.
05/20/08      addition to US govt.: Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
03/18/08      added Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO).
03/17/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 
                and Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
03/01/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Patent Office, Bureau of Land Management,
                U.S. Marshals Service, War Relocation Authority, Census Bureau,
                and NOAA Commissioned Corps.
02/17/08      new page: Kosovo page and re-edit of Serbia page.
02/08/08      added Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
02/03/08      added British and French forts in Benin 1650-1807.
01/03/08      added Constitution to Brunei Darussalam.
12/06/07      added Orthodox Church of New Zealand, Orthodox Church of Korea and 
                Old Calendar Church of Bulgaria.
12/04/07      added Organization of Central American States (ODECA) and
                Central American Integration System (SICA) and Collective Security
                Treaty Organization (CSTO).
12/01/07      added Nunatsiavut to Newfoundland.
11/11/07      added Birmingham, Alabama; Oakland, California; and Shreveport,
                Louisiana to U.S. Mayors.
11/03/07      added Santa Fe, New Mexico to U.S. Mayors.
10/19/07      added Kansas City, Missouri to U.S. Mayors.
10/18/07      added Rochester, New York; Savannah, Georgia; and
                Topeka, Kansas to U.S. Mayors.
08/25/07      added Kupang to Indonesian traditional states and Islamabad Cap. Terr.,
                Northern Areas and Tribal Areas to Pakistan provinces.
08/22/07      added International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and
                United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Intersputnik.
08/01/07      added National Council of the Churches (NCC).
07/25/07      added new page Denmark Counties 1970-2006.
07/16/07      expanded Red Cross (ICRC, ICRM, IFRCS) entries. 
07/03/07      added International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO),
                International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO) and Islamic
                Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).
06/20/07      added Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA); United Nations Conference
                on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); United Nations Relief and Works Agency
                for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
06/12/07      added World Customs Organization (WCO). 
05/07/07      added International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
05/01/07      expanded Malta: Gozo.
02/21/07      added new pages for Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/23/07      added San José, California to U.S. Mayors.
01/18/07      new page: Regions of Denmark.
12/20/06      new page: Venezuela States since 1990.
12/08/06      added International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
12/06/06      expanded Burma states 1947-1974.
10/31/06      added Organisation Commune Africaine et Mauricienne (OCAM).
10/08/06      expansion and updates to Indian Princely states A-J and K-M
                and Pakistan Princely States.
06/03/06      separate Montenegro page and re-edit of Serbia page.
05/20/06      expanded Armenia (Eriwan khanate) and Japan (Ryukyu).
05/12/06      expanded Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
05/10/06      added Canton & Enderbury Islands and Kirimati to Kiribati
                expanded British Indian Ocean Terr. added English Hirado Post to Japan.
05/03/06      added Gozo to Malta and Buffer Zone to Cyprus.
04/26/06      expanded Pitcairn and Saint Helena.
04/16/06      added Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
04/07/06      added Albany (NY) to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/06      added Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
03/01/06      added Igelsia Ni Cristo, Fulan Gong, and Buddhist Thailand.
01/15/06      new page: Belarus Administrative Divisions.
01/14/06      added Podolia (1672-99) to Poland and Kokang to Myanmar Shan states.
01/13/06      expanded of Cameroon Traditional states.
12/26/05      new page: Ukraine Administrative Divisions and 
                Reichskommissariat Ukraine General Districts.
12/01/05      new page: Russian S.F.S.R. Administrative divisions (to 1991).
11/12/05      added Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
10/21/05      new page: Self-Proclaimed Micronations (Hutt River Province, Saugeais, 
                Sealand and Seborga).
10/01/05      added Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to U.S. govt.
09/29/05      added Croatia Counties, Japan Prefectures and Slovak Regions.
09/03/05      added United Church of Christ (UCC).
08/09/05      added baLobedu to South African Traditional states.
07/10/05      added Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
05/28/05      added Poland Voivodships 1919-39 and from 1999,
                and General-government districts 1939-45.
05/12/05      additions to Poland: Danzig 1526-1815.

    New Polities and International Organizations

10/31/19      updates to India new territories: Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh.
10/05/19      updates to Myanmar: Shan and Karen states and Yemen: Aden Protectorates.
08/08/19      update to Myanmar regions: added Wa Self-Administered Division.
03/21/19      update to Syria (Islamic State ended).
02/22/19      update to Philippines: new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. 
12/15/18      update to Orthodox Church of Ukraine (Metrp.)
01/19/18      update to Nepal: new Provinces instituted.
01/01/18      update to France region: Corse (becomes collectivité unique).
01/01/18      update to Norway new county: Trøndelag.
05/11/17      update to Yemen: South Yemen (Southern Transitional Council).
10/05/16      update to Somalia: HirShabelle administration.
07/28/16      update to Russia: federal district Krymskiy (abolished).
07/16/16      update to The Sudan: Darfur TRDA (abolished).
03/31/16      updates Nicaragua Autonomous Regions (names).
01/30/16      update to Mexico: Distrito Federal becomes Ciudad de México.
01/16/16      update Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) opens.
01/01/16      update to France new regions: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-
                Limousin-Poitou-Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté,
                Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Normandie & Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie
12/29/15      update South Sudan abolishes its 10 states creating 28 new states.
12/18/15      updates to French Guiana and Martinique become territorial authorities.
12/14/15      update to Central African Republic: 'Republic' of Logone declared.
10/29/15      update to Congo (Kinshasa) 21 new provinces effected: Bas-Uélé, Équateur,
                Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï
                Oriental, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi,
                Sankuru, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo and Tshuapa.
07/08/15      update New Development Bank (NDB) established.
06/17/15      update Norfolk Island self-government abolished.
01/01/15      update Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) established.
12/25/14      update to Taiwan new special municipality: Taoyuan city.
06/29/14      update Islamic State declared by ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
06/02/14      update to India new state: Telangana.
03/21/14      update to Russia: annexation of Crimea, creating a new Russian federal
                district (Krymsky), republic (Crimea) and federal city (Sevastopol).
03/17/14      update to Ukraine: Crimea declares independence.
01/01/14      Mayotte becomes an overseas department of France.
08/28/13      update to Somalia: Juba Interim Admin. recognized.
07/11/13      update to Sudan province: Western Kordofan restored.
05/13/13      update to Somalia: new region Jubbaland.
04/22/13      update to Indonesia new province: Kalimantan Utara (Gov.)
07/01/12      update to South Korea: Sejong special autonomous city created.
05/17/12      update to Papua New Guinea new provinces: Hela, Jiwaka.
04/06/12      added Azawad under Mali.
01/10/12      update to The Sudan new states: Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur.
10/27/11      update to Venezuela: Francisco de Miranda Territory created.
09/01/11      added Cabildo Insulares to Spain's Canary Islands.
07/09/11      independence of South Sudan.
03/31/11      update Mayotte to become an overseas department of France.
01/01/11      update to Greece: Regions.
12/25/10      update to Taiwan: SinbeiTaichung and Tainan special municipalities created.
10/10/10      Netherlands Antilles dissolved into autonomous countries Curaçao & St. Maarten;
                Bonaire, Saba & St. Eustatius become special municipalities of Netherlands.
07/08/10      International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
05/30/10      Bolivia departments granted autonomy.
01/19/10      update to Russia: new federal district Severo-Kavkazsky (North Caucasian).
10/19/09      update to Uganda: Rwenzururu kingdom recognized. 
10/07/08      update to Nepal: Mustang kingship abolished.
08/31/08      update to The Sudan: Abyei Area created.
05/28/08      update to Nepal: becomes a republic.
05/23/08      update Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) est.
03/01/08      update to Russia: new kray Zabaikalsky.
02/17/08      independence of Kosovo.
12/01/07      update to Newfoundland: Nunatsiavut.
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria: became an emirate.
07/01/07      updates to Russia: new kray Kamchatka and Somalia: Maakhir state.
04/23/07      update to The Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority est.
02/21/07      new French overseas collectivities: Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/01/07      updates to EU: Bulgaria and Romania join; Sri Lanka new prov.: Eastern 
                and Northern.
06/28/06      update to UN: Montenegro joins the United Nations.
06/05/06      independence of Serbia.
06/03/06      independence of Montenegro.
12/01/05      update to Russia: new kray: Perm.
10/01/05      update Ibero-American Secretariat est.
08/14/05      added Galmudug State to Somalia.
07/09/05      update to The Sudan: Government of Southern Sudan.
06/15/05      update to Papua New Guinea: Bougainville Autonomous Government
06/14/05      update to Iraq: Kurdistan Autonomous Region.
04/21/05      update to U.S. govt.: new Director of National Intelligence (DNI). 
10/16/04      update to Indonesia: new province (Sulawesi Barat).
09/01/04      update Antarctic Treaty Secretariat est.
07/01/04      updates Denmark (regions), Indonesia: new province (Kepulauan Riau).
05/01/04      update to EU: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia,
                Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
03/29/04      update to NATO: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,
                Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
02/27/04      update French Polynesia autonomy increased.
02/19/04      update to Haiti: north secedes as Artibonite (to 03/19/04).
01/15/04      update Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) secretariat est.
12/14/03      update to Indonesia: new province (Irian Jaya Barat). 
02/04/03      update Yugoslavia formally abolished: successor Serbia and Montenegro.
03/11/03      update creation of International Criminal Court.
01/24/03      update to U.S. govt.: Department of Homeland Security.
10/12/02      update to Mauritius: autonomous status for Rodrigues Island.
09/27/02      update to UN: East Timor joins the United Nations.
09/10/02      update to UN: Switzerland joins the United Nations.
07/28/02      update to U.S. govt: Transportation Security Administration.
07/09/02      update to Organization of African Unity (OAU) becomes African Union.
05/20/02      independence of East Timor.
04/11/02      update to Somalia: State of Southwest Somalia.
02/14/02      update to Bahrain: becomes a kingdom.

    New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies

10/14/19      update to U.S. city: Des Moines (flag).
08/28/19      update to The Philippines: Bangsamoro Autonomous Reg. (flag).
08/05/19      update to India: Jammu and Kashmir (flag, constitution).
06/21/19      update to IHO (flag).
05/10/19      update to Martinique (flag, hymn).
04/29/19      update to Saint Helena (flag).
04/10/19      update to Cuba (new constitution).
03/23/19      update to Kazakhstan (capital name).
02/20/19      update to Zimbabwe (currency).
02/12/19      update to North Macedonia (polity name).
02/04/19      update to Italy reg.: Lombardia (flag)
01/16/19      update to Burundi (capital).
01/08/19      update to Russia reg.: Pskov (flag).
10/03/18      update to Tulsa, OK (flag).
09/28/18      update to Nepal prov.: Sudurpaschim (name).
09/13/18      update to Ethiopia reg.: Somali State (flag).
09/11/18      update to U.S. govt.: TSA (flag).
08/20/18      update to Venezuela (currency).
07/06/18      update to Nepal prov.: Gandaki (name).
06/18/18      updates to Kazakhstan prov.: Shymkent (new region), Türkistan (polity name).
06/08/18      update to Myanmar state: Mon (flag).
06/07/18      update to Burundi (constitution).
05/04/18      update to Chad (constitution).
04/19/18      update to Eswatini (Swaziland) (polity name).
02/27/18      update to Ukraine: Donestk Republic (flag).
02/24/18      update to Nepal prov.: Kamali (name).
02/20/18      update to Venezuela (currency).
11/28/17      updates to Mauritania (flag, anthem).
09/25/17      update to Mauritania (anthem lyrics).
07/24/17      update to Orlando, FL (flag).
04/13/17      update to South Ossetia (polity name).
04/11/17      update to Kyrgyzstan (flag).
04/06/17      update to Thailand (new constitution).
03/10/17      update to Nagorno-Karabakh (polity name, new constitution).
02/07/17      update to Equatorial Guinea (capital).
01/28/17      update to The Gambia (country name).
11/01/16      update to Norden (flag).
10/05/16      update to Somalia reg.: HirShabelle (flag).
09/30/16      updates to France regions: Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine,
                and Occitanie (names).
08/07/16      update to Thailand (new constitution).
07/12/16      update to U.S.: Washington, DC (draft statehood constitution).
07/01/16      update to Czech Republic (English short-form polity name).
04/29/16      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (anthem).
03/06/16      update to Algeria (new constitution).
09/20/15      update to Nepal (new constitution).
07/30/15      update to Peru reg.: San Martin (flag).
07/01/15      update to U.S. state: Virginia (state song).
05/09/15      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (anthem).
03/01/15      update to Belgium reg.: Brussels-Capital (flag).
01/28/15      update to Taiwan city: Tainan (flag).
01/17/15      update to France reg.: Centre-Val de Loire (name).
01/01/15      update to Lithuania (currency).
12/19/14      update to Peru reg.: Ica (flag).
11/15/14      update to Burkina Faso (constitution restored).
11/02/14      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (flag).
10/31/14      update to Burkina Faso (constitution suspended).
07/22/14      update to Thailand (new constitution).
06/21/14      update to Ukraine: Donetsk Republic (flag).
05/22/14      update to Thailand (constitution suspended).
05/18/14      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (constitution).
05/14/14      update to Ukraine: Donetsk Republic (constitution).
03/17/14      update to Crimea (constitution, currency).
03/07/14      update to West Virginia (state song).
01/27/14      update to Tunisia (new constitution).
01/18/14      update to Egypt (new constitution).
01/01/14      updates to Latvia (currency), Vietnam (constitution).
12/26/13      update to Russia reg.: Ulyanovsk (flag).
11/01/13      update to Solomon Island (rulers title style).
10/25/13      update to Cabo Verde (polity name).
09/06/13      update to Fiji (new constitution).
07/29/13      update to Montserrat (national anthem).
07/15/13      update to Paraguay (flag).
07/03/13      update to Egypt (constitution suspended).
06/26/13      update to WMO (flag).
06/17/13      update to ACP (flag).
05/22/13      update to Zimbabwe (new constitution, country name).
05/11/13      update to Ascension Island (flag).
04/30/13      update to The Netherlands (national holiday).
03/25/13      updates to Central African Rep. (constitution suspended) and
                Indonesia prov.: Aceh (flag).
03/13/13      update to Vatican City (national holiday).
01/08/13      update to Libya (state name).
01/03/13      update to Palestine (country name).
12/25/12      update to Egypt (new constitution).
10/15/12      update to Turks and Caicos (new constitution).
09/03/12      update to British Virgin Is. (local anthem).
08/01/12      update to Somalia (new constitution, anthem, country name).
05/28/12      update to Malawi (flag).
05/01/12      update to Belarus (flag).
04/25/12      update to St. Barthélemy (local holiday, moved to 9 Oct [1847]
                from 27 May [1848]).
03/22/12      update to to Mali (constitution suspended until 1 Apr 2012).
03/01/12      update to Tokelau (anthem).
02/27/12      update to Syria (new constitution).
02/07/12      update to Peru reg.: Puno (flag).
01/01/12      update to Hungary (constitution). 
09/27/11      update to Montserrat (new constitution).
08/26/11      update to Argentina prov.: Catamarca (flag).
08/23/11      update to Libya (flag, anthem, constitution).
07/29/11      update to Morocco (new constitution).
07/09/11      update to South Sudan (anthem, constitution, currency, flag).
06/28/11      update to Org. of Islamic Cooperation (flag).
06/01/11      update to Russia rep.: Mari El (flag). 
05/25/11      update to Belgium reg.: Wallonia-Brussels (name).
03/09/11      update to U.S. state: Utah (flag).
02/13/11      update to Egypt (constitution suspended).
01/01/11      updates to Estonia, Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius (currencies).
12/16/10      update to Argentina prov.: Córdoba (flag).
12/15/10      update to OECD (flag).
12/11/10      update to Madagascar (constitution).
11/25/10      update to Niger (constitution).
11/22/10      update to U.S. state: Louisiana (flag).
10/26/10      update to Saint-Martin (local flag).
10/21/10      updates to Myanmar (Burma) (flag, country name).
10/10/10      updates to Curaçao and Sint Maarten (constitutions).
08/27/10      update to Kenya (constitution).
08/07/10      update to Malawi (flag).
07/13/10      update to New Caledonia (flag).
07/02/10      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
05/07/10      update to Guinea (constitution).
04/13/10      update to Argentina prov.: Tucumán (flag).
03/04/10      update to Pitcairn (constitution order).
02/26/10      update to Dominican Rep. (constitution).
02/18/10      update to update to Niger (constitution suspended).
02/17/10      update to Russia kray: Kamchatka (flag).
02/12/10      update to Peru reg.: Pasco (flag).
02/05/10      update to Angola (constitution).
01/31/10      update to African Union (flag).
01/29/10      update to French Guiana (flag).
12/22/09      update to Somalia: Puntland (flag).
11/06/09      updates to Cayman Islands (new constitution).
10/21/09      update to Tokelau (flag).
09/28/09      update to North Korea (constitution).
09/23/09      update to Russia oblast: Arkhangelsk (flag).
09/01/09      update to Saint Helena (constitution, country name).
08/18/09      update to Niger (constitution).
08/14/09      update to Turks and Caicos (constitution suspended).
06/02/09      update to Belarus oblast: Vitebsk (flag).
04/12/09      update to Zimbabwe (currency).
03/25/09      update to Argentina prov.: Rio Negro (flag).
03/18/09      update to Bolivia (state name).
02/27/09      update to Ukraine prov.: Zakarpattya (flag). 
02/07/09      update to Bolivia (constitution).
01/01/09      updates to Falklands (constitution), Slovakia and Turkey (currency).
12/15/08      update to Turmenistan (anthem).
10/30/08      update to Poland: Dolnoslaskie (flag). 
10/22/08      update to Ecuador (constitution).
09/26/08      update to Turkmenistan (constitution).
08/07/08      update to Maldives (constitution).
07/18/08      update to Bhutan (constitution).
07/16/08      update to Republika Srpska (anthem).
06/26/08      update to New Caledonia (anthem).
06/15/08      update to Kosovo (constitution).
06/11/08      update to Kosovo (anthem).
05/29/08      updates to Tokelau (flag) and Myanmar (Burma) (constitution).
05/28/08      update to Nepal (country name).
05/18/08      update to Myanmar (draft constitution).
02/17/08      update to Kosovo (flag).
01/22/08      update to Iraq (flag).
01/01/08      updates to Cyprus, Britsh Sovereign Base Areas, Malta and Venezuela
10/23/07      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
10/22/07      update to Montenegro (constitution, country name).
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria (constitution, flag).
08/19/07      update to Thailand (constitution).
08/03/07      update to Nepal (anthem).
06/19/07      update to British Virgin Islands (constitution).
01/15/07      update to Nepal (constitution).
01/09/07      update to The Sudan (currency).
01/02/07      update to Gibraltar (constitution).
01/01/07      update to Slovenia (currency)
12/10/06      update to Nagorno-Karabakh (constitution).
11/10/06      update to Serbia (constitution).
11/09/06      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
10/04/06      update to Lesotho (flag).
10/01/06      update to Palau (capital).
08/09/06      update to Turks and Caicos (constitution).
07/06/06      update to Mongolia (anthem lyrics).
06/21/06      update to OECS (flag).
05/14/06      update to Afghanistan (anthem).
03/07/06      update to Venezuela (flag).
02/18/06      update to Congo (Kinshasa) (flag and constitution).
01/06/06      update to Kazakhstan (anthem).
11/08/05      update to Myanmar (Burma) (capital)
10/25/05      update to Iraq (constitution). 
07/26/05      update to Swaziland (constitution). 
07/09/05      update to The Sudan (constitution).
04/24/05      update to Vatican City (national holiday).
02/28/05      update to Burundi (constitution).
01/09/05      update to Zanzibar (flag).
01/01/05      updates to Madagascar (currency) and Turkey (currency).
11/16/04      update to Sint Eustatius (flag).
11/05/04      update to Rodrigues Island (flag).
08/18/04      update to Chechnya (flag).
08/17/04      update to Serbia (state flag).
07/20/04      update to Georgia (Adjaria flag).
07/12/04      update to Montenegro (flag and anthem). 
06/28/04      update to Iraq (flag and anthem)
04/23/04      update to Georgia (anthem).
03/08/04      update to Iraq (constitution).
02/28/04      update to Vojvodina (flag).
01/26/04      update to Afghanistan (constitution).
01/14/04      update to Georgia (flag).
01/04/04      update to Afghanistan (flag).
05/26/03      update to Rwanda (constitution).
05/08/03      update to U.S. state of Georgia (flag).
02/04/03      update to Serbia & Montenegro (constitution).
10/20/02      update to Tristan da Cunha (flag)
06/27/02      update to Afghanistan (flag).
02/14/02      update to Bahrain (flag).
01/28/02      update to Afghanistan (flag).
01/26/02      update to Christmas Island (flag).
01/07/02      update to Comoros (flag).
01/01/02      update to Rwanda (flag).
01/01/02      update to European Union (currency).

 International Organization Membership Updates

11/01/19      Ecuador the 75th member of AIIB.
08/20/19      Greece the 74th member of AIIB.
08/15/19      Serbia the 73rd member of AIIB.
07/31/19      Ghana the 93rd member of IHO.
07/16/19      Libya the 71st member of EBRD.
07/15/19      Solomon Islands the 92nd member of IHO.
07/12/19      Guinea the 72nd member of AIIB.
07/10/19      Belgium the 71st member of AIIB.
07/04/19      Solomon Islands the 192nd member of WIPO.
06/07/19      San Marino the 70th member of EBRD.
05/22/19      Slovenia the 54th member of ANT.
05/16/19      Nauru the 187th member of WMO.
05/14/19      Mongolia the 122nd member of PCA.
05/02/19      Samoa the 91st member of IHO.
04/18/19      Guyana the 90th member of IHO.
04/09/19      Venezuela membership given to opposition govt. by OAS.
04/06/19      Saint Vincent the 179th member of IPU.
04/01/19      Antigua and Barbuda the 170th member of UNIDO.
03/17/19      The Philippines withdraws from the ICCt.
03/15/19      Venezuela membership given to opposition govt. by IADB.
03/14/19      Dominica the 193rd member of ICAO.
03/14/19      Guadeloupe the 4th associate member of OECS.
03/11/19      Niue the 68th member of ADB.
03/08/19      Micronesia the 169th member of UNIDO.
02/13/19      Zimbabwe the 168th member of CTBTO.
02/05/19      Saint Lucia the 171st member of IAEA.
01/17/19      Belarus the 70th member of AIIB.
01/10/19      Catalonia admitted to the UNPO.
01/09/19      Canada the 160th member of IRENA.
     01/01/19      Qatar withdraws from OPEC.
     12/31/18      Israel and U.S. withdraw from UNESCO.
     12/28/18      Romania the 69th member of AIIB.
     12/07/18      Qatar the 28th member of UNRWA.
11/27/18      Uzbekistan the 173rd member of IOM.
11/26/18      Suriname the 183rd member of WCO.
11/20/18      Kiribati rejoins and Vanuatu the 194th member of Interpol.
11/16/18      Andorra the 186th member of WMO.
10/11/18      Kosovo, Serbia and U.A.E. associate members of OIF.
10/04/18      Turkmenistan the 159th member of IRENA.
09/25/18      Thailand the 167th member of CTBTO.
09/13/18      The Sudan the 68th member of AIIB.
09/06/18      Wallis and Futuna the 2nd associate member of PIF.
08/27/18      Bahrain the 67th member of AIIB.
08/17/18      Comoros the 16th member of SADC.
07/19/18      Somalia the 21st member of COMESA.
07/18/18      Tunisia the 20th member of COMESA.
07/11/18      India the 69th member of EBRD.
07/05/18      Lithuania the 36th member of OECD.
06/29/18      Grenada, Laos, and Palau the 170th, 171st and 172nd
                members of the IOM.
06/27/18      Cyprus, Madagascar the 65th and 66th members of AIIB.
06/22/18      Congo (Brazzaville) the 15th member of OPEC.
06/18/18      Costa Rica the 158th member of IRENA.
06/16/18      Palestine the 193rd member of OPCW.
05/24/18      Palestine the 195th member of UNCTAD.
05/23/18      Chad the 157th member of IRENA.
05/19/18      Ukraine withdraws from the CIS.
05/17/18      Palestine the 168th member of UNIDO.
05/14/18      Nauru the 174th member of IMO.
05/11/18      Bulgaria the 89th member of IHO.
04/30/18      Grenada the 170th member of IAEA.
04/03/18      Samoa the 64th member of AIIB.
03/28/18      Ambazonia admitted to the UNPO.
03/19/18      Canada the 63rd member of AIIB.
03/16/18      British Virgin Islands the 11th associate of ACS.
03/09/18      Bolivia the 104th member of IMSO.
03/06/18      Vanuatu the 62nd member of AIIB.
03/03/18      Paraguay the 156th member of IRENA.
02/25/18      Ukraine the 155th member of IRENA.
02/15/18      San Marino the 29th member of PAM.
02/08/18      The Gambia rejoins The Commonwealth.
01/19/18      Armenia the 173rd member of IMO.
01/01/18      Dominican Rep. membership in IHO restored.
01/01/18      Marshall Islands rejoins and Saint Lucia, Vanuatu join IPU.
12/31/17      Slovakia withdraws from UNIDO.
12/29/17      Seychelles the 88th member of IHO.
12/20/17      Marshall Islands the 191st member of ICRM.
12/19/17      Spain the 61st member of AIIB.
12/14/17      Nepal the 154th member of IRENA.
12/12/17      Timor-Leste the 191st member of WIPO.
12/11/17      Marshall Islands the 190th member of WIPO.
12/11/17      Fiji the 60th member of AIIB.
12/04/17      Saint Vincent and the Grenadines the 169th member of IAEA.
12/01/17      Dominica the 169th member of IOM.
11/28/17      Cook Islands, Cuba the 167th and 168th members of IOM.
11/22/17      Timor-Leste the 59th member of AIIB.
11/18/17      Tuvalu the 192nd member of ICAO.
11/04/17      Lebanon the 153rd member of IRENA.
10/30/17      New Caledonia the 11th associate member of UNESCO.
10/27/17      Burundi withdraws from ICCt.
10/23/17      Ireland the 58th member of AIIB.
10/15/17      Turkmenistan joins, Uzbekistan rejoins the IPU.
10/13/17      Afghanistan the 57th member of AIIB.
09/27/17      Palestine, Solomon Islands the 191st & 192nd members of Interpol.
09/13/17      Comoros, Somalia the 157th and 158th members of UNWTO.
08/30/17      Uzbekistan the 54th member of ISESCO.
08/24/17      Uzbekistan the 152nd member of IRENA.
07/13/17      Lebanon the 68th member of EBRD.
06/27/17      Chameria admitted to the UNPO.
06/21/17      El Salvador the 151st member of IRENA.
06/16/17      Hungary the 56th member of AIIB.
06/09/17      India, Pakistan become members of SCO.
06/07/17      Hong Kong the 55th member of AIIB.
06/05/17      Montenegro the 29th member of NATO.
06/01/17      U.S. withdrawal notification from UNFCC-PA.
05/25/17      Equatorial Guinea the 14th member of OPEC.
05/13/17      Ethiopia the 54th member of AIIB; the Bellah People and
                Kabylia admitted to the UNPO.
04/28/17      Venezuela withdrawal notification from OAS.
03/30/17      Tuvalu the 173rd member of IPU.
03/29/17      United Kingdom withdrawal notification from EU and Euratom.
03/27/17      Malaysia the 53rd member of AIIB.
03/24/17      Antigua & Barbuda the 182nd member of WCO.
02/17/17      Vanuatu the 87th member of IHO.
02/13/17      Turkey the 53rd member of ISESCO.
02/08/17      Portugal the 52nd member of AIIB.
01/30/17      Morocco readmitted to African Union.
01/25/17      Kosovo the 181st member of WCO.
01/17/17      Iran the 51st member of AIIB.
01/11/17      Malta the 86th member of IHO.
12/31/16      Denmark and Greece withdraw from UNIDO.
12/28/16      Philippines the 50th member of AIIB.
12/05/16      Tonga the 166th member of IOM.
11/30/16      Uzbekistan the 49th member of AIIB.
11/30/16      Indonesia suspends membership in OPEC.
11/29/16      Belarus the 172nd member of IMO.
11/27/16      New Caledonia an associate member of OIF.
11/16/16      Honduras the 103rd member of IMSO.
10/27/16      Cook Islands the 189th member of WIPO.
10/24/16      Swaziland the 171st member of IPU.
10/13/16      Maldives withdraws from the Commonwealth.
09/21/16      Myanmar and Swaziland the 165th & 166th members of CTBTO.
09/19/16      IOM becomes part of the UN system.
09/10/16      French Polynesia, New Caledonia full members of PIF.
08/19/17      Afghanistan the 150th member of IRENA.
08/19/16      Australia withdraws from UNWTO.
07/29/16      Afghanistan the 164th member of WTO.
07/14/16      Liberia the 163rd member of WTO.
07/01/16      Latvia the 35th member of OECD.
07/01/16      Gabon rejoins OPEC.
06/30/16      China, Solomon Islands & Tuvalu members of IOM.
06/16/16      Azerbaijan the 168th member of ISA.
06/13/16      The Bahamas the 121st member of PCA.
06/04/16      Saint Martin an associate member of ACS.
05/15/16      Guyana the 57th member of IDB.
04/29/16      South Arabia admitted to the UNPO.
04/12/16      Nauru the 189th member of IBRD and IMF.
04/17/16      Djibouti the 120th member of PCA.
04/09/16      Martinique the 3rd associate member of OECS.
03/20/16      Comoros, Egypt and Guyana rejoin the IPU.
03/08/16      Fiji the 102nd member of IMSO.
03/03/16      El Salvador the 124th member of ICCt.
03/02/16      South Sudan the 6th member of EAC.
02/24/16      Tonga the 187th member of ILO.
02/16/16      Turkmenistan the 168th member of IAEA.
02/09/16      Kiribati the 170th member of UNIDO.
01/16/16      the AIIB opens.
01/15/16      China the 67th member of EBRD.
01/05/16      Kosovo the 119th member of PCA.
01/01/16      Indonesia rejoins OPEC.
12/31/15      Belgium withdraws from UNIDO.
12/31/15      Brazil the 28th member of CDB.
12/29/15      Palestine the 118th member of PCA.
12/04/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of IFRCS.
11/30/15      Kazakhstan the 162nd member of WTO.
11/23/15      Eritrea, Kiribati, Saint Kitts & Nevis,
                Saint Lucia, São Tomé & Príncipe join the IOM.
11/20/15      Barbados the 167th member of IAEA.
11/18/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of ICRM.
11/11/15      Ecuador the 101st member of IMSO.
11/06/15      District of Columbia admitted to UNPO.
11/03/15      Montserrat the 10th associate member of UNESCO.
10/16/15      Angola the 192nd member of OPCW.
10/14/15      Antigua and Barbuda the 166th member of IAEA.