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Material Needed

Updates and Additions

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Updates by Year

2023 2022
2021 2020 2019
2018 2017 2016
2014 2013

New Leaders
Recent Additions
New Polities and

New Flags, Constitutions, Anthems and Currencies
International Org.
Membership Updates

Elections Calendar

(abbreviations: Admin. = Administrator, Gov. = Governor, PM = Prime minister, Pres. = President, Secy.-gen. = Secretary-general)

New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders

10/01/23      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.), IOM (Dir.-gen.), U.S. govt.: Defense Dept.
                (Chair. Joint Chfs.).
09/29/23      update to U.S. govt.: Air Force (CoS).
09/27/23      update to Australia state: Victoria (PM).
09/26/23      update to Saint Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.)
09/25/23      update to U.S. mayor: Nashville, TN (Mayor).
09/19/23      updates to Congo (DRC) prov.: Nord-Kivu (Gov.), Indonesia prov.: Nusa Tenggara
                Barat (Gov.)
09/18/23      update to Azerbaijan reg.: Artsakh (PM).
09/15/23      update to Latvia (PM).
09/14/23      updates to Singapore (Pres.), U.S. mayor election: Nashville, TN (runoff): Freddie
                O'Connell (Dem.) defeats Alice Rolli (f)(Rep.), 63.8%-36%. 
09/11/23      update to Anguilla (Gov.)
09/10/23      update to Azerbaijan reg.: Artsakh (Pres.)
09/09/23      update to Madagascar (Pres.)
09/08/23      update to Gabon (PM).
09/05/23      updates to Thailand (PM); Indonesia prov.: Bali, Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah,
                Kalimantan Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Papua, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi
                Tenggara and Sumatera Utara (Gov.); Ukraine prov.: Donetsk (Gov.)
09/04/23      updates to Vanuatu (PM), Azerbaijan reg.: Artsakh (Pres.)
09/01/23      update to The Bahamas (Gov.-gen.)
08/31/23      update to Azerbaijan reg.: Artsakh (PM).
08/30/23      update to Gabon (Pres., PM).
08/25/23      update to Ethiopia reg.: Amahara (Pres.)
08/23/23      update to Cambodia (PM).
08/22/23      update to U.S. mayor election: Montgomery, AL: incumbent Mayor Steven Reed (Dem.)
                     is re-elected over Barrett Gilbreath (Ind.), Victorrus Felder (Ind.) and Marcus
                     McNeal (Ind.), 56.9%-38.9%-3.3%-1%.
08/21/23      updates to French Guiana, Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Pref.), Wallis and Futuna
                (Admin.-Sup.), Nigeria state: Federal Capital Terr. (Min.)
08/19/23      updates to Ethiopia states: Central Ethiopia, South Ethiopia (Gov.)
08/18/23      update to Pakistan prov.: Balochistan (PM).
08/17/23      update to Pakistan prov.: Sindh (PM).
08/15/23      updates to Paraguay (Pres.), Malaysia state: Kelantan (PM).
08/14/23      updates to Pakistan (PM), U.S. govt.: U.S. Navy (CNO),
08/11/23      update to Spain reg.: Aragón (Pres.)
08/10/23      update to Japanese Orthodox Church (Metrp.)
08/09/23      update to Australia state: Victoria (Gov.)
08/08/23      updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), Niger (PM).
08/05/23      update to Somalia state: SSC-Khaatumo (Pres.)
08/04/23      update to U.S. govt.: U.S. Army (Chf.).
08/03/23      updates to Salvation Army (Gen.), U.S. mayor election: Nashville, TN: Freddie
                O'Connell (Dem.), Alice Rolli (f)(Rep.), Matthew Wiltshire (Dem.), Jeff Yarbro
               (Dem.), Heidi Campbell (f)(Dem.), Sharon Hurt (f)(Dem.) and Vivian Wilhoite (f)
               (Dem.), win 27.1%-20.2%-17.0%-12.2%-8.2%-6%-4.7% (a runoff will be held on
                14 Sep 2023).
08/02/23      updates to Congo (DRC) prov.: Kasaï Oriental (Gov.), Nepal prov.: Koshi (PM).
08/01/23      updates to Tunisia (PM), U.S. govt.: ABMC (Chair.)
07/28/23      update to Niger (Pres., PM).
07/27/23      update to Nepal prov.: Koshi (PM).
07/19/23      update to Moldova reg.: Gagauz Yeri (Gov.)
07/17/23      updates to Spain reg.: Extremadura, Valencia (Pres.), U.S. city: Denver (Mayor).
07/16/23      update to Bosnia-Hercegovnia (Pres.)
07/14/23      update to Spain reg.: Canary Islands (Pres.)
07/13/23      update to Pakistan prov.: Gilgit-Baltistan (PM).
07/11/23      update to Spain reg. Melilla (Mayor).
07/10/23      updates to Sierra Leone (PM), U.S. govt.: U.S. Marines (Cmdt.), Canada: Assembly
                of First Nations (Natl. Chf.)
07/09/23      update to ECOWAS (Chair.)
07/08/23      update to Latvia (Pres.)
07/07/23      updates to Nepal prov.: Koshi (PM), Spain reg.: Baleares (Pres.)
07/05/23      update to Spain reg.: Cantabria (Pres.)
07/01/23      updates to Timore-Leste (PM); Swiss cantons: Basel-Land, Luzern, Nidwalden,
                Obwalden; U.S. city: Jacksonville, FL (Mayor); U.S. govt.: Border Patrol (Chf.);
                     DLU (Secy.-gen.)
06/30/23      update Spain reg.: La Rioja (Pres.)
06/29/23      update to Turks and Caicos (Gov.)
06/28/23      updates to U.S. govt.: ICE (Dir.), Canada: Assembly First Nations (Natl. Chf.)
06/26/23      updates to Greece (PM), Anguilla (Gov.),
06/25/23      update to Somalia state: Hiiraan (Pres.)
06/20/23      updates to Finland (PM); Spain reg.: Baleares (Pres.); U.S. mayor elections:
                Kansas City, MO: incumbent Mayor Quinton Lucas (Dem.) wins re-election over
                Clay Chastain (Rep.), 80.6%-19.4%.
06/19/23      update to Christmas Island and Cocos Islands (Admin.)
06/16/23      update to Mexico state: Ciudad de México (Chief).
06/15/23      update to Romania (PM).
06/14/23      updates to Greece: Athos (Head), The Sudan state: West Darfur (Gov.)
06/13/23      update to Sri Lanka prov.: Sabaragamuwa (Gov.)
06/12/23      updates to Romania (PM), Myanmar reg.: Kayah (rebel govt.)
06/08/23      updates to Australia state: Western Australia (PM), Czech Republic reg.:
                     Moravskoslezský (Gov.), U.S. govt.: FAA (Admin.), DLU (Secy.-gen.)
06/06/23      updates to Bulgaria (PM); U.S. mayor elections: Denver, CO (runoff): Michael C.
                Johnston (Dem.) defeats Kelly Brough (f)(Dem.), 54.7%-45.3%.
06/05/23      update to Swiss canton: Bern.
06/02/23      updates to World Bank (Pres.), WMO (Pres.)
06/01/23      updates to Anguilla (Gov.), Norfolk Island (Admin.), Canada terr.: Yukon (Comm.);
                Swiss cantons: Appenzel Ausserrhoden, Geneva, Neuchâtel, Sankt Gallen and
05/31/23      update to Vanuatu prov.: Tafea (Pres.)
05/30/23      updates to Ukraine prov.: Odesa (Gov.); Vanuatu prov.: Penama (Pres.)
05/29/23      updates to Nigeria (Pres.); Nigeria states: Abia, Akwa Ibom, Benue
                Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Enugu, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi,
                Niger, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Zamfara (Gov.) and FCT (Min); Vanuatu
                prov.: Malampa (Pres.) 
05/25/23      update to Greece (PM).
05/23/23      update to Andean Community (Secy.-gen.)
05/20/23      updates to Montenegro (Pres.); India state: Karnataka (PM).
05/17/23      updates to Sri Lanka prov.: Eastern, Northern, North Western (Gov.); U.S. govt.:
                NARA (Archv.)
05/16/23      update to U.S. mayor election: Jacksonville, FL (runoff): Donna Deegan (f)(Dem.)
                defeats Daniel Davis (Rep.), 52.1% to 47.9%.
05/15/23      updates to Andorra (PM), Slovakia (PM), Ecuador prov.: Galápagos (Gov.), U.S.
                city: Chicago (Mayor).
05/12/23      updates to French Polynesia (Pres.), Indonesia prov.: Gorontalo (Gov.)
05/11/23      updates to Federated States of Micronesia (Pres.), French Polynesia (Asmb. Pres.)
05/08/23      updates to Australian Antarctic Terr. (Dir.), Swiss canton: Zürich.
05/06/23      updates to U.S. mayor elections: Dallas, TX: incumbent Mayor Eric Johnson (Dem.)
                wins re-election with 93.1% of the vote over 6.9% write-ins; Fort Worth, TX:
                incumbent Mayor Mattie Parker (f)(Rep.) is re-elected over Jennifer Castillo (f)
                (Rep.), Ken Bowens Jr. (Ind.), Alyson Kennedy (f)(Socialist Workers), Adrian
                Smith (Ind.), 69.4%-12.2%-8.7%-5.2%-4.5%; San Antonio, TX: incumbent Mayor Ron
                Nirenberg (Dem.) wins re-election over Christopher T. Schuchardt (Rep.), Gary
                Allen (Ind.), Michael Samaniego (Ind.), Diana Uriegas (f)(Ind.), Christopher
                Longoria (Ind.), 60.7%-21.9%-6.1%-3.2%-2.9%-2.3%.
05/06/23      update to United Kingdom: coronation of King Charles III and his wife Queen
05/03/23      update to Bosnia-Hercegovnia: Bosnia Federation (PM),
05/02/23      update to U.S. mayor election: Lincoln, NE (runoff): incumbent Mayor Leirion
                Gaylor Baird (f)(Dem.) is re-elected over Suzanne Geist (f)(Rep.), 54.6% vs.
05/01/23      update to Swiss canton: Valais.
04/30/23      update to Swiss canton: Appenzell Innerrhoden.
04/28/23      updates to Nepal prov.: Gandaki, Lumbini (PM).
04/27/23      update to Germany state: Berlin (Mayor).
04/26/23      updates to Andorra (Gen. Synd., PM).
04/24/23      update to Bangladesh (Pres.)
04/21/23      update to Cayman Islands (Gov.)
04/20/23      updates to Pakistan: Azad Kashmir (PM); Russia reg.: Krasnoyarsk (Gov.)
04/17/23      update to Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur (Mayor).
04/12/23      updates to Pakistan: Azad Kashmir (PM); Ukraine prov.: Luhans'k, Sumy (Gov.)
04/11/23      update to Congo (DRC) prov.: Sud-Kivu (Gov.)
04/10/23      update to Ukraine prov.: Kyiv (Gov.)
04/05/23      update to Ethiopia reg.: Tigray (Pres.)
04/04/23      updates to OIF (Admin.); U.S. mayor elections: Chicago, IL (runoff): Brandon
                Johnson (Dem.) defeats Paul G. Vallas (Dem.), 51.4%-48.6%; Denver, CO: Mike
                Johnston (Dem.), Kelly Brough (f)(Dem.), Lisa Calderón (f)(Dem.), Andy Rougeot
                (Rep.), Leslie Herod (f)(Dem.), Chris Hansen (Dem.), Debbie Ortega (f)(Dem.),
                Ean Thomas Tafoya (Dem.) and Thomas Wolf (Ind.), win 24.7%-22.3%-15.2%-12.9%-
                9.5%-5.2%-4.6%-1.3%-1.1% (runoff to be held on 6 Jun 2023);
                     Lincoln, NE: incumbent Mayor Leirion Gaylor Baird (f)(Dem.), Suzanne Geist (f)
                     (Rep.), and Stan Parker (Rep.), win 49.8%-33%-17.2% (a runoff is held 2 May).
04/01/23      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.), Turks and Caicos (Gov.), Western Sahara:
                MINURSO (Cmdr.), Finland reg.: Aland Islands (Gov.)
03/31/23      updates to Indonesia prov.: Bangka-Belitung (Gov.); Malaysia state: Malacca (PM).
03/30/23      update to Ukraine: Donetsk Republic (PM).
03/29/23      updates to United Kingdom: Scotland (PM); Russia admin.: Omsk (Gov.), Cayman
                Islands (Gov.)
03/28/23      update to Australia state: New South Wales (PM).
03/24/23      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovina canton: Sarajevo (PM); NDB (Pres.)
03/22/23      update to Saint Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.)
03/21/23      update to U.S. city election Jacksonville, FL: Donna Deegan (f)(Dem.), Daniel
                Davis (Rep.), Al Ferraro (Rep.), Audrey Gibson (f)(Dem.), LeAnna Cumber (f)
                (Rep.) Frank Keasler (Rep.), and Omega Allen (Ind.), win 39.4%-24.7%-16.2%-
                8.6%-7.6%-2.4%-0.94% (runoff between Deegan and Davis to be held 16 May 2023).
03/20/23      update to Trinidad and Tobago (Pres.)
03/17/23      update to Russia admin.: Smolensk (Gov.)
03/16/23      updates to Saint Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.); Ukraine prov.: Khmel'nyts'kyy,
                     Luhans'k, Odesa (Gov.)
03/15/23      updates to Papua New Guinea (Gov.-gen.); Bosnia-Hercegovina: Brčko District
                (Mayor); Russia reg.: Chukotka (Gov.)
03/13/23      updates to Nepal (Pres.); U.S. govt.: IRS (Comm.)
03/11/23      updates to China (PM); U.S. govt.: Labor Dept. (Secy.)
03/09/23      update to Czech Republic (Pres.)
03/07/23      updates to Qatar (PM); U.S. election: Tampa, FL Mayor Jane Castor (f)(Dem.) is
                     re-elected unopposed with 80.2% of the vote versus write-ins 19.8%.
03/06/23      updates to Tokelau (Head), Australian Antarctic Terr. (Dir.)
03/05/23      updates to Pakistan prov.: Balochistan (Gov.); Egypt: MFO (Cmdr.)
03/02/23      updates to Vietnam (Pres.); Italy reg.: Lazio (Pres.); IFRCS (Pres.); PAM (Pres.)
03/01/23      update to Italy: French Pious Establishments in Rome (Admin.)
02/28/23      updates to Cyprus (Pres.); Papua New Guinea (Gov.-gen.); Bosnia-Hercegovnia:
                Bosnia Federation (Pres.); U.S. city election: Chicago, IL Paul G. Vallas
                (Dem.), Brandon Johnson (Dem.), incumbent Mayor Lori Lightfoot (f)(Dem.), Jesús
                "Chuy" García (Dem.), Willie Wilson (Dem.), Ja'Mal Green (Ind.), Kambium "Kam"
                Buckner (Dem.), and Sophia D. King (f)(Dem.), win 33.8%-20.3%-17.1%-13.7%-
                9.6%-2.1%-1.8%-1.2% (a runoff between Vallas and Johnson on 4 Apr 2023).
02/24/23      updates to Congo (DRC) prov.: Sud-Kivu (Gov.); India state: Andhra Pradesh
                (Gov.); South Africa prov.: Free State (PM).
02/23/23      updates to Azerbaijan reg.: Artsakh (PM); India state: Chhattisgarh (Gov.)
02/22/23      updates to India states: Assam, Manipur (Gov.)
02/20/23      update to India state: Nagaland (Gov.)
02/19/23      update to India terr.: Ladakh (Lt. Gov.)
02/18/23      updates to African Union (Chair.); India states: Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand,
                Maharashtra, Meghalaya (Gov.)
02/17/23      update to India state: Sikkim (Gov.)
02/16/23      updates to Moldova (PM); Czech reg.: Praha (Prague) (Mayor); India states:
                Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar (Gov.)
02/15/23      update to Argentina (Cabinet Chf.)
02/10/23      updates to Nepal prov.: Sudurpaschim (PM); Solomon Islands prov.: Malaita (PM).
02/08/23      update to U.S. govt.: White House (Chf. of Staff).
02/07/23      updates to Solomon Islands prov.: Malaita (PM); Ukraine prov.: Dnipropetrovs'k,
                Kherson, Zaporizhzhya (Gov.)
02/06/23      updates to Guadeloupe (Pref.), New Caledonia (High Comm.)
02/05/23      update to Philippines reg.: Bangsamoro (Wali).
02/02/23      update to Australia terr.: Northern Territory (Admin.)
02/01/23      updates to Equatorial Guinea (PM); Saint Kitts and Nevis (Gov.-gen.); Myanmar
                states: Mon, Rakhine, Shan and reg.: Mandalay (PM); GCC (Secy.-gen.)
01/31/23      update to Taiwan (ROC)(PM).
01/26/23      update to South Sudan state: Upper Nile (Gov.)
01/25/23      updates to New Zealand (PM); Bosnia-Hercegovina canton: Sarajevo (PM).
01/24/23      updates to Ukraine prov.: Dnipropetrovs'k, Kherson, Kyiv, Sumy, Zaporizhzhya
                (Gov.), Pakistan terr.: Islamabad Terr. (Chf. Com.)
01/23/23      updates to Palau state: Ngatpang (Gov.), Russia rep.: Mordovia (PM).
01/22/23      update to Pakistan prov.: Punjab (PM).
01/21/23      update to Pakistan prov.: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (PM).
01/19/23      update to Sudan-South Sudan: Abyei Area (Chf. Admin.)
01/18/23      updates to Vietnam (Pres.), U.S. state: Maryland (Gov.)
01/17/23      update to U.S. state: Pennsylvania (Gov.)
01/14/23      update to Canada prov.: Yukon (PM).
01/11/23      updates to Nepal prov.: Karnali Pradesh, Lumbini, Madhesh Pradesh, Sudurpaschim
                Pradesh (PM).
01/10/23      updates to Gabon (PM); Micronesia state: Kosrae (Gov.); U.S. state: Arkansas
01/09/23      updates to Northern Marianas (Gov.); U.S. state: Oregon (Gov.); Micronesia state:
                Yap (Gov.); Nepal prov.: Bagmati, Gandaki, No. 1 (PM); Solomon Islands prov.:
                Choiseul, Western (PM); U.S. cities: Oakland, Saipan (Mayors).
01/07/23      update to U.S. Congress: House of Representatives (Speaker).
01/06/23      updates to Venezuela terr.: Francisco de Miranda (Gov.), U.S. city: Austin
01/05/23      updates to Venezuela (opposition Pres.); U.S. states: Massachusetts, Nebraska
01/03/23      update to U.S. Congress: Senate (Pres. Pro tem.).
01/02/23      updates to U.S. states: Arizona, Nevada (Gov.), cities: Louisville, Providence
01/01/23      updates to Brazil (Pres.); Switzerland (Pres.); Pitcairn (Mayor); Palau state:
                Angaur (Gov.); Brazil states: Amapá, Bahia, Ceará, Mato Grosso do Sul,
                Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, and Sergipe
                (Gov.); Swiss cantons: Aargau, Fribourg, Graubünden, Jura, Schaffhausen,
                Solothurn, and Zug; Peru reg.: Amazonas, Áncash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho,
                Cajamarca, Callao, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad,
                Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno,
                San Martín, Tacna, Tumbes, and Ucayali (Pres.), Lima Metropolitana (Mayor);
                U.S. city: San José, CA (Mayor); ASEAN (Sec.-gen.); EAEU (Chair.); G-7 (Chair.);
                ITU (Sec. Gen.); MERCOSUR (Dir.); Norden (Pres.); OSCE (Chair.); Parlasur
                (Pres.); World Council of Churches (Gen. Sec.)

 Recent Additions to  

06/16/23      added to U.S. Cities: Wilmington, DE.
05/14/23      added to U.S. Cities: Charleston, WV.
05/01/23      added to U.S. Cities: Sioux Falls, SD.
04/12/23      added to U.S. Cities: Portland, ME.
03/22/23      added to U.S. Cities: Little Rock, AR.
02/26/23      added to South Moluccas: Provisional Constitution of 1950.
02/20/23      added to U.S. Cities: Burlington, VT and Cheyenne, WY.
02/01/23      added Multinational Force and Observers under Egypt.
12/12/22      added Timbuktu to Mali Traditional States.
11/06/22      added British Chinde Concession (1892-1923) under Mozambique.
11/05/22      added to U.S. Cities: Reno, NV.
10/23/22      added State Union of Belarus and Russia.
09/05/22      added Chile Regions from 2021 to Chile.
06/06/21      additions to Russia Admin. Divisions.
04/26/21      added the CED 1856-1948 to the Danube Commission.
04/25/21      added Far Eastern Republic Admin. Divisions (1920-1922) to Russia.
02/01/21      added Kenya Regions 1963-1965 to Kenya.
01/29/21      added Zangezur (Syunik)(1918-21) under Armenia.
11/23/20      added to Vanuatu: Provinces from 1994.
10/27/20      added French India Dependencies under India.
05/21/20      added Former Swiss Subject Territories under Switzerland. 
04/26/20      added Nepali Princely States under Nepal.
04/18/20      added to U.S. govt.: National Institutes of Health (NIH) and U.S. Information
                Agency (USIA).
12/20/19      added to U.S. Native Nations: Little Shell Chippewa.
12/20/19      update to U.S. govt.: U.S. Space Force.
12/01/19      expanded Micronesia States (1945-1978).
08/09/19      additions to Burma States (1948-1988) and Myanmar Regions: Wa Division.
04/14/19      additions to Canada First Nations.
10/13/18      added to Religions: Ukraine Renewal Church (1923-1942).
06/16/18      added to Netherlands prov.: Rijnmond.
05/30/18      added to China Foreign Colonies: Peking Legation Quarter.
05/12/18      added to Ethiopia: Gambela British concession.
02/17/18      added Nepal Provinces.
10/25/17      added Roman Empire and Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire pages.
05/22/17      added Tannu Tuva 1941 constitution, Chinese Soviet 1931 constitution,
                     and Czechoslovakia constitutions 1918 and 1960.
05/11/17      added Southern Rhodesia 1961 constitution, South Vietnam 1956 constitution,
                     Yugoslavia 1974 constitution, Hejaz 1926 constitution, Montenegro 1905
                constitution, Indonesia 1950 constitution, Nigeria 1979 constitution,
                and Somalia 1979 constitution.
05/06/17      added Frederiksnagore and expanded Nicobar & Andaman Islands.
09/07/16      added South Vietnam 1967 constitution.
06/14/16      added Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
12/14/15      added Logone to Central African Republic
11/11/15      added Western Kurdistan to Syria.
11/08/15      added State of Muskogee (1799-1803) and Republic of the Floridas (1817)
                under Florida.
03/20/15      added Tucson, AZ to U.S. cities.
02/07/15      added U.S. Lighthouse Service to U.S. government.
12/13/14      added Fuuta Jaloo to Guinea and Timbuktu to Mali native states.
11/15/14      added annual update pages for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
03/07/14      added 5 Districts to French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
10/01/13      added Aragón Council of Defense 1936-37 to Spain Regions.
09/16/13      added Charter Company territories to Mozambique.
04/27/13      additions to China provinces.
11/01/12      added Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
10/28/12      expanded Vanuatu with 1887-1906 U.K. & French Naval Commissioners.
10/01/12      added France's Hauteville House under Guernsey.
09/26/12      update to Albania: Sazan (Saseno) Island.
07/19/12      added Verapaz Belgian concession 1843-54 under Guatemala.
07/08/12      added 1873 Cantonal Revolution under Spain.
06/20/12      added Carlist governments to Spain.
06/17/12      added Pious Establishments of France in Rome and French Domain in the 
                Holy Land.
01/16/12      added Chatham Islands to New Zealand.
09/01/11      added Goa Dependencies page under Portuguese India.
07/09/11      new South Sudan and South Sudan states pages.
05/01/11      expanded Cameroon traditional states, Tanzania traditional states
                and States of Palau.
03/01/11      update Mayotte becomes a French overseas département.
02/11/11      added new Regions to Myanmar (Burma).
02/05/11      added new Regions to Greece.
01/01/11      added Dutch Language Union (Nederlandse Taalunie)(DLU).
12/28/10      added Lihou to Guernsey.
11/10/10      added Trust Terr. of Pacific Islands district administrators:
                Chuuk, Marshall Is., Mariana Islands, Palau, Ponape, Rota, and Yap.
11/03/10      added Long Beach, California to U.S. Mayors.
10/20/10      added Tadjourah and Rahayto sultanates under Djibouti.
10/15/10      update to Bolivia Departments.
10/10/10      added new separate pages for: Curaçao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius
                and Sint Maarten.
07/31/10      added to British Indian Ocean Territory.
07/27/10      expanded Ghana: English Gold Coast 1632-1751.
07/23/10      expanded Monaco governors-general 1732-1911.
07/13/10      added Rimatara and Rurutu under French Polynesia. 
07/09/10      added Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM).
07/08/10      added International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
06/15/10      added Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
05/30/10      added Saipan, CNMI to U.S. Mayors.
05/05/10      added Council of the Baltic States (CBSS).
04/17/10      new page for Regions of Finland.
03/09/10      added International Seabed Authority (ISA).
02/25/10      added Association of Caribbean States (ACS) and Caribbean Development Bank
02/10/10      added Billings, Montana; Jackson, Mississippi; Lansing, Michigan; Manchester,
                New Hampshire; Orlando, Florida; and Trenton, New Jersey to U.S. Mayors.
09/21/09      expanded Ghana Traditional States.
09/07/09      addition to Bosnia-Hercegovnia: Serbian Autonomous Oblasts 1991-92.
07/25/09      added Cordillera Administrative Region under the Philippines.
06/01/09      added to Croatia: Kraijna constitution 1991-95.
05/25/09      added United National Environmental Programme (UNEP).
05/22/09      expanded Rodrigues Island under Mauritius.
05/04/09      new page begun for Counties of Liberia (incomplete).
04/22/09      added Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
04/10/09      added Fort Worth, Texas to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/09      new page: Vermont State Government 1777-1791.
03/10/09      new page: Provinces of Belgium
02/27/09      new page: Provinces of South Korea.
02/13/09      added Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) and the Andean Parliament.
12/12/08      added to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Katanga 1960 constitution.
11/15/08      added Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
11/07/08      added Latin Union (LU).
10/27/08      addition to Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority.
10/01/08      additions to Saba (anthem), Crete (anthem), Azad Kashmir (constitution).
09/23/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC)
                and the Comptrollers of the Currency.
09/08/08      added 1907 constitution to Crete under Greece.
09/04/08      additions to U.S. govt.: General Services Admin., National Science Found.
08/22/08      added mayors of Hagatna (Agana), Guam to U.S. mayors.
07/22/08      added the Tangier Zone Statute under Morocco and constitutions
                of South Yemen and Zaire.
07/10/08      expanded Other Ugandan Traditional States.
07/02/08      expanded Republic of Ragusa under Croatia.
06/16/08      added Italo-Albanian Catholic Church, expanded Elba under Italy states.
06/01/08      expanded Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions added pre-1991 divisions.
05/20/08      addition to US govt.: Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
03/18/08      added Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO).
03/17/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 
                and Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
03/01/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Patent Office, Bureau of Land Management,
                U.S. Marshals Service, War Relocation Authority, Census Bureau,
                and NOAA Commissioned Corps.
02/17/08      new page: Kosovo page and re-edit of Serbia page.
02/08/08      added Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
02/03/08      added British and French forts in Benin 1650-1807.
01/03/08      added Constitution to Brunei Darussalam.
12/06/07      added Orthodox Church of New Zealand, Orthodox Church of Korea and 
                Old Calendar Church of Bulgaria.
12/04/07      added Organization of Central American States (ODECA) and
                Central American Integration System (SICA) and Collective Security
                Treaty Organization (CSTO).
12/01/07      added Nunatsiavut to Newfoundland.
11/11/07      added Birmingham, Alabama; Oakland, California; and Shreveport,
                Louisiana to U.S. Mayors.
11/03/07      added Santa Fe, New Mexico to U.S. Mayors.
10/19/07      added Kansas City, Missouri to U.S. Mayors.
10/18/07      added Rochester, New York; Savannah, Georgia; and
                Topeka, Kansas to U.S. Mayors.
08/25/07      added Kupang to Indonesian traditional states and Islamabad Cap. Terr.,
                Northern Areas and Tribal Areas to Pakistan provinces.
08/22/07      added International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and
                United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Intersputnik.
08/01/07      added National Council of the Churches (NCC).
07/25/07      added new page Denmark Counties 1970-2006.
07/16/07      expanded Red Cross (ICRC, ICRM, IFRCS) entries. 
07/03/07      added International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO),
                International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO) and Islamic
                Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).
06/20/07      added Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA); United Nations Conference
                on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); United Nations Relief and Works Agency
                for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
06/12/07      added World Customs Organization (WCO). 
05/07/07      added International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
05/01/07      expanded Malta: Gozo.
02/21/07      added new pages for Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/23/07      added San José, California to U.S. Mayors.
01/18/07      new page: Regions of Denmark.
12/20/06      new page: Venezuela States since 1990.
12/08/06      added International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
12/06/06      expanded Burma states 1947-1974.
10/31/06      added Organisation Commune Africaine et Mauricienne (OCAM).
10/08/06      expansion and updates to Indian Princely states A-J and K-M
                and Pakistan Princely States.
06/03/06      separate Montenegro page and re-edit of Serbia page.
05/20/06      expanded Armenia (Eriwan khanate) and Japan (Ryukyu Islands).
05/12/06      expanded Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
05/10/06      added Canton & Enderbury Islands and Kirimati to Kiribati
                expanded British Indian Ocean Terr. added English Hirado Post to Japan.
05/03/06      added Gozo to Malta and Buffer Zone to Cyprus.
04/26/06      expanded Pitcairn and Saint Helena.
04/16/06      added Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
04/07/06      added Albany (NY) to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/06      added Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
03/01/06      added Igelsia Ni Cristo, Fulan Gong, and Buddhist Thailand.
01/15/06      new page: Belarus Administrative Divisions.
01/14/06      added Podolia (1672-99) to Poland and Kokang to Myanmar Shan states.
01/13/06      expanded of Cameroon Traditional states.
12/26/05      new page: Ukraine Administrative Divisions and German occupation
                Reichskommissariat Ukraine General Districts.
12/01/05      new page: Russian S.F.S.R. Administrative divisions (to 1991).
11/12/05      added Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
10/21/05      new page: Self-Proclaimed Micronations (Hutt River Province, Saugeais, 
                Sealand and Seborga).
10/01/05      added Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to U.S. govt.
09/29/05      added Croatia Counties, Japan Prefectures and Slovak Regions.
09/03/05      added United Church of Christ (UCC).
08/09/05      added baLobedu to South African Traditional states.
07/10/05      added Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
05/28/05      added Poland Voivodships 1919-39 and from 1999,
                and General-government districts 1939-45.
05/12/05      additions to Poland: Danzig 1526-1815.

    New Polities and International Organizations

08/19/23      update to Ethiopia states: Central Ethiopia, South Ethiopia.
08/05/23      update to Somalia state: SSC-Khaatumo.
06/25/23      update to Somalia state: Hiiraan.
12/09/22      update to Indonesia new province: Papua Barat Daya.
11/11/22      update to Indonesia new provinces: Papua Pegunungan, Papua Selatan, Papua Tengah.
10/05/22      updates to Ukraine reg.: Russia annexes Donetsk, Lugansk, Kherson, Zaporozhye.
06/08/22      updates to Kazakhstan new reg.: Abay, Ulytau, Zhetysu.
01/18/22      update to Indonesia prov.: Ibu Kota Nusantara.
11/30/21      update to Barbados (becomes a republic).
11/23/21      update to Ethiopia new state: South West Ethiopia.
10/07/21      update to Madagascar new regions: Fitovinany and Vatovavy.
08/10/21      update to The Sudan new region: Darfur Region.
07/14/21      update to Chile Regions (elected governors take office).
01/01/21      update to France reg. new European Collectivity: Alsace.
12/04/20      update to Panama new comarca: Naso Tjër Di.
06/18/20      update to Ethiopia new state: Sidama.
01/26/20      update to India new terr.: Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
01/12/20      update to Nepal prov.: Bagmati (name).
01/01/20      update to Norway new counties: Adger, Innlandet, Troms og Finnmark,
                Vestfold og Telemark, Vestland and Viken.
10/31/19      updates to India new territories: Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh.
10/05/19      updates to Myanmar: Shan and Karen states and Yemen: Aden Protectorates.
08/08/19      update to Myanmar regions: added Wa Self-Administered Division.
03/21/19      update to Syria (Islamic State ended).
02/22/19      update to Philippines: new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. 
01/01/19      update to Taiwan (ROC) prov.: Fukien (abolished).
12/15/18      update to Orthodox Church of Ukraine (Metrp.)
07/01/18      update to Taiwan (ROC) prov.: Taiwan (abolished).
01/19/18      update to Nepal: new Provinces instituted.
01/01/18      update to France region: Corse (becomes collectivité unique).
01/01/18      update to Norway new county: Trøndelag.
05/11/17      update to Yemen: South Yemen (Southern Transitional Council).
10/05/16      update to Somalia: HirShabelle administration.
07/28/16      update to Russia: federal district Krymskiy (abolished).
07/16/16      update to The Sudan: Darfur TRDA (abolished).
03/31/16      updates Nicaragua Autonomous Regions (names).
01/30/16      update to Mexico: Distrito Federal becomes Ciudad de México.
01/16/16      update Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) opens.
01/01/16      update to France new regions: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-
                Limousin-Poitou-Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté,
                Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Normandie & Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie
12/29/15      update South Sudan abolishes its 10 states creating 28 new states.
12/18/15      updates to French Guiana and Martinique become territorial authorities.
12/14/15      update to Central African Republic: 'Republic' of Logone declared.
10/29/15      update to Congo (Kinshasa) 21 new provinces effected: Bas-Uélé, Équateur,
                Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï
                Oriental, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi,
                Sankuru, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo and Tshuapa.
07/08/15      update New Development Bank (NDB) established.
06/17/15      update Norfolk Island self-government abolished.
01/01/15      update Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) established.
12/25/14      update to Taiwan new special municipality: Taoyuan city.
06/29/14      update Islamic State declared by ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
06/02/14      update to India new state: Telangana.
03/21/14      update to Russia: annexation of Crimea, creating a new Russian federal
                district (Krymsky), republic (Crimea) and federal city (Sevastopol).
03/17/14      update to Ukraine: Crimea declares independence.
01/01/14      Mayotte becomes an overseas department of France.
08/28/13      update to Somalia: Juba Interim Admin. recognized.
07/11/13      update to Sudan province: Western Kordofan restored.
05/13/13      update to Somalia: new region Jubbaland.
04/22/13      update to Indonesia new province: Kalimantan Utara (Gov.)
07/01/12      update to South Korea: Sejong special autonomous city created.
05/17/12      update to Papua New Guinea new provinces: Hela, Jiwaka.
04/06/12      added Azawad under Mali.
01/10/12      update to The Sudan new states: Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur.
10/27/11      update to Venezuela: Francisco de Miranda Territory created.
09/01/11      added Cabildo Insulares to Spain's Canary Islands.
07/09/11      independence of South Sudan.
03/31/11      update Mayotte to become an overseas department of France.
01/01/11      update to Greece: Regions.
12/25/10      update to Taiwan: SinbeiTaichung and Tainan special municipalities created.
10/10/10      Netherlands Antilles dissolved into autonomous countries Curaçao & St. Maarten;
                Bonaire, Saba & St. Eustatius become special municipalities of Netherlands.
07/08/10      International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
05/30/10      Bolivia departments granted autonomy.
01/19/10      update to Russia: new federal district Severo-Kavkazsky (North Caucasian).
10/19/09      update to Uganda: Rwenzururu kingdom recognized. 
10/07/08      update to Nepal: Mustang kingship abolished.
08/31/08      update to The Sudan: Abyei Area created.
05/28/08      update to Nepal: becomes a republic.
05/23/08      update Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) est.
03/01/08      update to Russia: new kray Zabaikalsky.
02/17/08      independence of Kosovo.
12/01/07      update to Newfoundland: Nunatsiavut.
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria: became an emirate.
07/01/07      updates to Russia: new kray Kamchatka and Somalia: Maakhir state.
04/23/07      update to The Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority est.
02/21/07      new French overseas collectivities: Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/01/07      updates to EU: Bulgaria and Romania join; Sri Lanka new prov.: Eastern 
                and Northern.
06/28/06      update to UN: Montenegro joins the United Nations.
06/05/06      independence of Serbia.
06/03/06      independence of Montenegro.
12/01/05      update to Russia: new kray: Perm.
10/01/05      update Ibero-American Secretariat est.
08/14/05      added Galmudug State to Somalia.
07/09/05      update to The Sudan: Government of Southern Sudan.
06/15/05      update to Papua New Guinea: Bougainville Autonomous Government
06/14/05      update to Iraq: Kurdistan Autonomous Region.
04/21/05      update to U.S. govt.: new Director of National Intelligence (DNI). 
10/16/04      update to Indonesia: new province (Sulawesi Barat).
09/01/04      update Antarctic Treaty Secretariat est.
07/01/04      updates Denmark (regions), Indonesia: new province (Kepulauan Riau).
05/01/04      update to EU: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia,
                Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
03/29/04      update to NATO: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,
                Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
02/27/04      update French Polynesia autonomy increased.
02/19/04      update to Haiti: north secedes as Artibonite (to 03/19/04).
01/15/04      update Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) secretariat est.
12/14/03      update to Indonesia: new province (Irian Jaya Barat). 
02/04/03      update Yugoslavia formally abolished: successor Serbia and Montenegro.
03/11/03      update creation of International Criminal Court.
01/24/03      update to U.S. govt.: Department of Homeland Security.
10/12/02      update to Mauritius: autonomous status for Rodrigues Island.
09/27/02      update to UN: East Timor joins the United Nations.
09/10/02      update to UN: Switzerland joins the United Nations.
07/28/02      update to U.S. govt: Transportation Security Administration.
07/09/02      update to Organization of African Unity (OAU) becomes African Union.
05/20/02      independence of East Timor.
04/11/02      update to Somalia: State of Southwest Somalia.
02/14/02      update to Bahrain: becomes a kingdom.

    New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies

10/01/23      update to Tuvalu (constitution).
08/19/23      updates to Ethiopia states: Central Ethiopia, South Ethiopia (flag).
07/26/23      update to Niger (constitution suspended).
07/22/23      update to Mali (constitution).
06/22/23      update to Niger (anthem).
06/22/23      update to U.S. city: Syracuse, NY (flag).
05/25/23      update to U.S. state: Tennessee (songs).
05/13/23      update to Vatican City (constitution).
03/01/23      update to Nepal prov.: Koshi (name).
02/09/23      update to U.S. city: Kansas City, MO (flag).
02/02/23      updates to Martinique (local anthem, flag).
01/01/23      update to Croatia (currency).
09/30/22      update to Ukraine reg.: Russia annexed Kherson, Zaporozhye (flags).
09/19/22      update to Kazakhstan (capital name).
09/08/22      update to United Kingdom (anthem, national holiday).
09/03/22      update to Sovereign Military Order of Malta (constitution).
08/17/22      update to Tunisia (constitution).
07/09/22      update to Ukraine reg.: Russia occupied Kharkov (flag).
07/01/22      update to U.S. state: Mississippi (song).
06/01/22      update to Turkey (short form name Türkiye in all languages).
06/01/22      update to Russia reg.: Penza (flag).
04/27/22      update to Central African Republic (digital currency).
04/13/22      update to Venezuela city: Caracas (flag).
02/15/22      update to Malaysia state: Sarawak (PM title).
01/27/22      update to Saudi Arabia (national holiday).
01/24/22      update to U.S. city: Lincoln, NE (flag).
01/24/22      update to Burkina Faso (constitution suspended to 1/31).
01/22/22      update to Honduras (flag).
01/17/22      update to Nepal prov.: Madhes Pradesh (name).
11/23/21      update to Ethiopia state: South West Ethiopia (flag).
10/25/21      update to Nigeria (digital currency).
10/01/21      update to Venezuela (currency).
09/07/21      update to El Salvador (digital currency).
09/05/21      update to Guinea (constitution suspended).
06/07/21      update to U.S. state: Oregon (song lyrics).
05/18/21      update to U.S. state: Tennessee (song).
05/18/21      update to U.S. state: Maryland (song repealed).
05/05/21      update to Kyrgyzstan (new constitution).
01/01/21      update to Algeria (constitution).
01/01/21      update to France reg.: Alsace (flag).
01/11/21      update to U.S. state: Mississippi (flag).
01/01/21      update to Australia (anthem).
01/01/21      update to Algeria (constitution).
12/02/20      update to British Virgin Islands (national holiday).
11/30/20      update to U.S. state: Rhode Island (full name).
10/20/20      update to The Bahamas (digital currency).
10/06/20      update to U.S. city: Salt Lake City (flag).
10/06/20      update to Nepal prov.: Lumbini (name).
10/01/20      update to Mali (new constitution).
09/23/20      update to Nigeria state: Akwa Ibom (flag).
09/10/20      update to Republika Srpska (national holiday).
08/26/20      update to Serbia (national holiday).
06/30/20      update to U.S. state: Mississippi (flag repealed).
06/18/20      update to Ethiopia state: Sidama (flag).
06/12/20      update to Nepal prov.: Bagmati (name).
05/15/20      update to U.S. Space Force (flag).
04/05/20      update ACP renamed OACPS.
04/03/20      update to U.S. state: New York (flag).
03/30/20      update to IOC: Games of the XXXII Olympiad postponed to 23/7/21-8/8/2021.
02/10/20      update to Russia reg.: Kemerovo - Kuzbass (flag).
01/30/20      update: ISESCO renamed Islamic World Educational, Scientific and Cultural
01/01/20      updates to Norway counties: Adger, Innlandet, Troms og Finnmark,
           Vestfold og Telemark, Vestland and Viken (flags).
11/12/19      update to U.S. city: Topeka, KS (flag).
11/01/19      update to U.S. govt: Bureau of Reclamation (flag).
10/14/19      update to U.S. city: Des Moines (flag).
10/13/19      update to Italy autonomous prov.: Blozano (name).
10/01/19      update to Myanmar reg.: Sagaing (flag).
08/28/19      update to The Philippines: Bangsamoro Autonomous Reg. (flag).
08/05/19      update to India: Jammu and Kashmir (flag, constitution).
06/21/19      update to IHO (flag).
05/10/19      update to Martinique (flag, hymn).
04/29/19      update to Saint Helena (flag).
04/10/19      update to Cuba (new constitution).
03/27/19      update to Russia reg.: Kemerovo - Kuzbass (name).
03/23/19      update to Kazakhstan (capital name).
02/20/19      update to Zimbabwe (currency).
02/12/19      update to North Macedonia (polity name).
02/04/19      update to Italy reg.: Lombardia (flag)
01/16/19      update to Burundi (capital).
01/08/19      update to Russia reg.: Pskov (flag).
12/21/18      update to Argentina prov.: San Juan (flag).
12/11/18      update to Syria: SSG (flag).
10/03/18      update to Tulsa, OK (flag).
09/28/18      update to Nepal prov.: Sudurpaschim (name).
09/13/18      update to Ethiopia reg.: Somali State (flag).
09/11/18      update to U.S. govt.: TSA (flag).
08/20/18      update to Venezuela (currency).
07/06/18      update to Nepal prov.: Gandaki (name).
07/01/18      update to Wyoming state (song).
06/18/18      updates to Kazakhstan prov.: Shymkent (new region), Türkistan (polity name).
06/08/18      update to Myanmar state: Mon (flag).
06/07/18      update to Burundi (constitution).
05/04/18      update to Chad (constitution).
04/19/18      update to Eswatini (Swaziland) (polity name).
02/27/18      update to Ukraine: Donetsk Republic (flag).