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Puerto Rico 
 
[Spanish War Ensign
                                    (1785-1931)]
to 1 Jan 1899

[Grito de Lares Flag 1868
                                    (Puerto Rico)]
23 Sep 1868 - Oct 1868 Lares Revolt Flag

[U.S.
                                    flag]
Adopted 1 Jan 1899
[Flag of
                                    Puerto Rico (U.S.)]
22 Dec 1895 - 24 Jul 1952 (unofficial),
Adopted 24 Jul 1952
[Flag
                                    of Puerto Rico dark blue variant
                                    1895-1995]
22 Dec 1895 - 3 Aug 1995 Variant

Map of Puerto Rico
Hear National Anthem
"The Star Spangled Banner"
Hear Local Anthem
"La Borinqueña"
(The Borinquenian)

Adopted 24 Jul 1952
(Lyrics 27 Jul 1977)

Constitution
(25 Jul 1952)
Capital: San Juan
(Puerto Rico de San Juan Bautista 1509-c.1746; Caparra 1508-1509)
Currency: US Dollar (USD);
1868-1898 Spanish Peseta (ESP);

1772-1868 Spanish Escudo (ESE)

National Holiday: 4 Jul (1776)
U.S. Independence Day
(Día de la Independencia)
-------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 25 Jul (1952)
Día de la Constitución del
Estado Libre Asociado
(Puerto Rico Constitution Day)
(named Occupation Day 1898-1952)
Population: 3,294,626 (2018)
GDP: $130 billion (2017) Exports: $73.17 billion (2017)
Imports: $49.01 billion (2017) 
Ethnic groups: white 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%,
other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native
 Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3%
note: 99% of the population is Latino (2010)
Total Active U.S. Armed Forces: 371 (2012)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.S.
Merchant marine: None (2018)
Religions: Roman Catholic 69.7%, Protestant 25.1%,
other Christian 1.9%, other 1.4%, Muslim 0.13%,
 non-religious/atheist 1.9% (2010)
International Organizations/Treaties: AOSIS (observer), CAP (observer), Caricom (observer), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNWTO (associate), UPU, WFTU, WHO (associate)
Puerto Rico
Index
Chronology

19 Nov 1493                Discovered and claimed for Spain by Christopher
                             Columbus, named Isla de San Juan Bautista.
12 Aug 1508                Spanish colony; subordinated to Santo Domingo
                             (to 1797)(Captaincy general of Puerto Rico).
22 Nov 1595 - 25 Nov 1525  English failed attack on San Juan by Sir Francis
                             Drake (b. c.1540 - d. 1596).
30 Jun 1598 - 23 Nov 1598  English occupy San Juan under Sir George Clifford,
                             Earl of Cumberland and Sir John Berkeley
                             (Porto Rico).

24 Sep 1625 -  2 Nov 1625  Dutch under Boudewijn Hendricksz (d. 1626) lay
                             siege to San Juan, but fail to seize it.
24 May 1784                Intendencia de Puerto Rico created.
17 Apr 1797 -  1 May 1797  British failed attack on San Juan led by Sir Ralph
                             Abercromby (b. 1734 - d. 1801).
24 Jul
1812 -  4 May 1814  Puerto Rico a diputación provincial of Spain.
19 Mar 1820 -  1 Oct 1823  Puerto Rico a diputación provincial of Spain.
23 Jun 1832                Real Audiencia de Puerto Rico established (by
                             decree of 19 Jun 1831).
14 Aug 1836 - 16 Jun 1837
 Puerto Rico a diputación provincial of Spain.
23 Sep 1868 - Oct 1868     "Grito de Lares" rebellion against Spain declares
                             independence (Republic of Puerto Rico), led by
                            
Manuel Rojas Luzardo (b. 1831 - d. 1903).
20 Oct 1870 - 24 Nov 1897  Puerto Rico a diputación provincial of Spain.
22 Mar 1873                Slavery abolished.
24 Mar 1897 - 27 Mar 1897  "Intentona de Yauco" rebellion against Spain led
                             by Antonio Mattei Lluberas (b. 1857 - d. 1908).
24 Nov 1897                Autonomy granted.

25 Jul 1898                Occupation by U.S. beings at Guanica.
18 Oct 1898 - 30 Apr 1900  U.S. Military Government of Puerto Rico (Department
                             of Puerto Rico).
10 Dec 1898                Ceded to the U.S. by Spain (spelled
"Porto Rico"
                             until 17 May 1932).
 1 Jan 1899                Spain cedes colonial authority to U.S. 
                             (de jure 11 Apr 1899); subordinated to 
                             War Department until 1935; then Department 
                             of the Interior to 1952.
 2 Mar 1917                U.S. territory.
30 Oct 1950                Nationalist revolt against Puerto Rican government
                             all over Puerto Rico (including seven towns:
                             Ponce, Mayagüez, Naranjito, Arecibo, Utuado
                             ["El Grito de Utuado"], Jayuya ["El Grito de
                             Jayuya"], and San Juan).
25 Jul 1952                Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
(Estado Libre Asociado
                             de Puerto Rico).
23 Jul 1967                Referendum votes 60%-39% status quo vs. statehood.
 5 Apr 1991 - 28 Jan 1993  Official style: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto

                             Rico (in Spanish only) when Spanish was the sole
                             official language.

14 Nov 1993                Referendum votes 48%-46% status quo vs. statehood.
13 Dec 1998                Referendum votes 50%-46% status quo vs. statehood.
 6 Nov 2012                Referendum votes 45%-25% statehood vs. commonwealth
30 Sep 2016 -              Subordinated to the authority of Financial Oversight
                             and Management Board for Puerto Rico by Act of
                             U.S. Congress.
11 Jun 2017                Referendum votes 97%-1.3% statehood vs. status quo.
 3 Nov 2020                Referendum votes
for statehood 52.3%-47.7%.

Mayors of
San Juan
Mona Island
Culebra
(1870-1917)
Vieques
(1811-1874)
 
 
 
 
 

Lieutenant governors
24 Apr 1505                Vicente Yáñez Pinzón               (b. 1463 - d. 1514)
                             (did not take office)
12 Aug 1508 - Dec 1509     Juan Ponce de León (1st time)      (b. 1460 - d. 1521)
28 Oct 1509 - 1510         Juan Cerón (1st time)(acting)
 2 Mar 1510 - 1511         Juan Ponce de León (2nd time)      (s.a.)
28 Nov 1511 - 1512         Juan Cerón (2nd time) (acting)
 
2 Jun 1512 - Feb 1513     Rodrigo de Moscoso 
Feb 1513 - 15 Jul 1515     Cristóbal de Mendoza 
15 Jul 1515 - 12 Sep 1519  Juan Ponce de León (3rd time)      (s.a.)
Sep 1519 - 15 Jan 1521     Antonio de la Gama (1st time)      (b. c.1489 - d. af.1544)
15 Jan 1521 - May 1523     Pedro Moreno (1st time) 
           (d. 1529)
May 1523 - 1524            Alonso Manso, obispo de            (b. 1460 - d. 1539)
                             San Juan (interim)
Governors and Captain-generals
1524 - Jun 1529            Pedro Moreno (2nd time) 
           (s.a.)
Jun 1529 - 1530            Antonio de la Gama (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1530 - Jul 1536            Francisco Manuel de Landó          (b. 1460 - d. 1536)
Aug 1536 - 28 Sep 1537     Vasco de Tiedra  
28 Sep 1537 - 1545         Alcaldes Ordinarios
1545 (15 days)             Gerónimo Lebrón de Quinóñes        (d. 1545)
 6 Jul 1545 -  6 Jul 1546  Iñigo López de Cervantes y Loaisa  (b. 1505 - d. 15..) 
 
6 Jul 1546 - 1548         Diego de Caraza (1st time) 
1548 - 1550                Alonso de Vargas
                           + Francisco de Aguilar 
                           (alcaldes ordinarios)  
Jun 1550 - Apr 1554        Luis de Vallejo 
1554 - 1555                Alonso Estéves  
12 Aug 1555 - 1561         Diego de Caraza (2nd time) 
1561 - 1564                Antonio de la Llama Vallejo 
20 Mar 1564 - 1568         Francisco Bahamonde de Lugo        (d. 1574)
31 Dec 1568 - Dec 1574     Francisco de Solís Osorio
1575 - 1578                Francisco de Obando y Mexía        (d. 1579)
Dec 1578 - 1580            Juan Troche Ponce de León          (b. 1524 - d. 1591)  
1580                       Gerónimo de Agüero Campuzano
                            
(interim)
24 Apr 1580 -  2 Aug 1581  Juan de Céspedes                   (d. 1581)
 
2 Aug 1581 - 18 Apr 1582  Juan López Melgarejo (acting) 
12 Jun 1582 - 11 May 1593  Diego Menéndez de Valdés           (b. 1533 - d. 1596)
11 May 1593 - 1597         Pedro Suárez (1st time)
11 May
1597 - 21 Jun 1598  Antonio de Mosquera
30 Jun 1598 - 14 Aug 1598  Sir George Clifford, Earl of       (b. 1558 - d. 1605)
                             Cumberland -English commander
14 Aug 1598 - 23 Nov 1598  Sir John Berkeley -English commander 
                             (acting)
26 Dec 1598 - 1599         Pedro Suárez (2nd time)

22 Mar 1599 - 1601         Alonso de Mercado 
15 Jul
1601 - 1608         Sancho Ochóa de Castro, conde de   (b. 1566 - d. 1608?)
                             Salvatierra 
22 Jul 1608 - 1614         Gabriel de Rojas Páramo            (b. 1565 - d. bf.1621)
14 Sep 1613 - 1619         Felipe de Beaumont y Navarra       (b. 1574 - d. 1626)
 
1 Jun 1619 - 1625         Juan de Vargas Asejas              (b. 1587 - d. 1631)
 
6 Apr 1625 - 1631         Juan de Haro y Sanvítores          (b. 1545 - d. 1630)
24 Jan 1631 - 1635         Enrique Henríquez de Sotomayor     (b. c.1600 - d. 1638)
23 Feb 1635 - 1640         Iñigo de la Mota y Sarmiento       (b. 1598 - d. 1642)
16 May 1640 - 1641         Agustín de Silva y Figueroa        (b. c.1600 - d. 1641) 
 2 Dec 1641 - 1643         Juan de Bolaños (interim)    
 9 Jul 1643 - 1649         Fernando de la Riva Agüero y       (b. 1606 - d. 1663)
                             Setién

24 May 1649 - 1655         Diego de Aguilera y Gamboa         (b. 1606 - d. c.1662)
Mar 1655 - 15 Aug 1660     José de Novoa y Moscoso            (b. 1607 - d. 16..)
16 Aug
1660 - Nov 1664     Juan Pérez de Guzmán y Chagoyen    (b c.1618 - d. ....)
23 Nov 1664 - 1670         Gerónimo de Velasco 
23 Jun 1670 -  7 Mar 1674  Gaspar de Arteaga y Aunaovidao     (b. 1619 - d. 1674)
 
7 Mar 1674 - 1674         Diego de Robladillo y Velasco 
                             (interim)
20 Aug 1674 - 1675         Baltasar Figueroa y Castilla
                             (acting)
 
6 Apr 1675 - 1678         Alonso de Campos y Espinosa        (b. c.1620 - d. 1678)
22 Aug 1678 - 1683         Juan de Robles Lorenzana           (d. af.1708)
18 Jul 1683 - 1685         Gaspar Martínez de Andino          (b. c.1612 - d. 1697)
1685 - 1690                Juan Francisco de Medina (interim) (d. 1698)
 
5 May 1690 - 1692         Gaspar de Arredondo y Valle        (b. 1649 - d. af.1700)
                             (1st time) 
30 Dec 1692 - 1697         Juan Fernández Franco de Medina    (b. c.1646 - d. 1698) 
1697 - 1698                Tomás Franco (acting)
16 May 1698 - 1699         Antonio de Robles Silva (acting) 

30 Apr 1699 - 1699         Gaspar de Arredondo y Valle        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
20 Sep 1699 - 23 Jul 1703  Gabriel Gutiérrez de Rivas         (b. 1655 - d. 1703)
24 Jul 1703 - 12 Oct 1703  Diego Ximénez de Villarán (acting)
12 Oct 1703 - 25 Oct 1703  Gaspar de Olivares
                           + Andrés Montañez
                           (alcaldes ordinarios)
25 Oct 1703 - 27 Jul 1705  Francisco Sánchez Calderón (acting)
27 Jul 1705 - 26 Mar 1706  Pedro de Arroyo Guerrero (acting)  (b. c.1677 - d. 1706)
26 Mar 1706 - 24 Dec 1708  Juan López de Morla (acting)
24 Dec 1708 - 18 Jul 1711  Francisco Danío Granados (1st time)
18 Jul 1711 - 12 Feb 1716  Juan de Rivera
12 Feb 1716 - 30 Aug 1716  José Francisco Carreño (acting)
30 Aug 1716 -  7 Apr 1720  Alfonso Bertodano
 7 Apr 1720 - 1724         Francisco Danío Granados (2nd time)
22 Aug 1724 - 11 Oct 1731  José Antonio de Mendizábal y Azcue (b. 1679 - d. 17..)
11 Oct 1731 - 28 Jun 1743  Matías de Abadía                   (b. 16.. - d. 1743)
28 Jun 1743 - 29 Oct 1743  Domingo Pérez de Nanclares (acting)
29 Oct 1743 - 11 Aug 1750  Juan José Colomo                   (d. 1750)
11 Aug 1750 -  8 Jul 1751  Agustín de Parejas                 (d. 1751)
 8 Jul 1751 -  1 May 1753  Esteban Bravo de Rivero (1st time)
                             (acting)
 1 May 1753 - 30 Aug 1757  Felipe Ramírez de Estenós          (b. 1728 - d. 1764)
30 Aug 1757 -  3 Jun 1759  Esteban Bravo de Rivero (2nd time)
                             (acting)
 3 Jun 1759 -  7 Mar 1760  Mateo de Guazo Calderón            (d. 1760)
 7 Mar 1760 - 20 Apr 1761  Esteban Bravo de Rivero (3rd time)
                             (acting)
20 Apr 1761 - 12 Mar 1766  Ambrosio de Benavides Medina Liñán (b. 1718 - d. 1787)
                             y Torres
12 Mar 1766 - 28 Oct 1766  Marcos de Vergara                  (d. 1766)
28 Oct 1766 - 31 Jul 1770  José Trentor (acting)
31 Jul 1770 -  2 Jun 1776  Miguel de Muesas                   (b. 1715 - d. 1789)
 2 Jun 1776 -  6 Apr 1783  José Dufresne                      (b. 1707 - d. 1786)
 
6 Apr 1783 - 27 Mar 1789  Juan Andrés Dabán y Busterino      (b. 1724 - d. 1793)
27 Mar 1789 -  8 Jul 1789  Francisco Torralbo Robles          (b. 1730 - d. 1795)
                             (1st time) (acting)
 8 Jul 1789 - 19 May 1792  Miguel Antonio de Ustáriz          (b. 1751 - d. 1792)
19 May 1792 - 10 Mar 1793  Francisco Torralbo Robles          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
10 Mar 1793 - 21 Mar 1795  Enrique Grimarest (acting)
21 Mar 1795 - 12 Nov 1804  Ramón de Castro y Gutiérrez,       (b. 1751 - d. 1809)
                             marqués de Lorca
12 Nov 1804 -  3 Jun 1809  Toribio de Montes                  (b. 1749 - d. 1830)
30 Jun 1809 - 24 Mar 1820  Salvador Meléndez Bruna            (b. 1764 - d. 1828)
24 Mar 1820 -  7 Aug 1820  Juan Vasco y Pascual
 7 Aug 1820 - 11 Feb 1822  Gonzalo de Aróstegui y Herrera     (b. 1771 - d. 1828)
12 Feb 1822 - 30 May 1822  Diego José de Navarro (acting)
30 May 1822 -  2 Dec 1823  Francisco González de Linares      (b. 1776 - d. 182.)
 2 Dec 1823 - 14 Jan 1837  Miguel Luciano de la Torre y       (b. 1786 - d. 1843)
                             Pando, (from 13 Jun 1836) conde
                             de Torrepando
14 Jan 1837 - Mar 1838     Francisco Javier de Moreda y       (b. c.1807 - d. c.1839)
                             Prieto
Mar 1838 - Feb 1841        Miguel Lopéz de Baños              (b. 1789 - d. 1861)
Feb 1841 - 11 Mar 1844     Santiago Méndez de Vigo            (b. 1790 - d. 1860)
11 Mar 1844 - 14 Dec 1847  Rafael Arístegui y Vélez,          (b. 1794 - d. 1863) 
                             conde de Mirasol
15 Dec 1847 - 12 Sep 1848  Juan Prim de Prats y González,     (b. 1814 - d. 1870)
                            
conde de Reus
12 Sep 1848 - 23 Apr 1851  Juan González de la Pezuela y   
  (b. 1809 - d. 1906)
                             Ceballos, marqués de la Pezuela
23 Apr 1851 - May 1852     Enrique de España y Taberner,      (b. 1801 - d. 1878) 
                             marqués de España, barón de
                             Ramefort
 4 May 1852 - 30 Jan 1855  Fernando de Norzagaray y Escudero  (b. 1808 - d. 1860)
31 Jan 1855 - Aug 1855     Andrés García Camba                (b. 1793 - d. 1861)
Aug 1855 - 28 Jan 1857     José de Lemery Ibrarrola Ney y     (b. 1811 - d. 1886)
                             Gonzáles 
28 Jan 1857 - Jul 1860     Fernando Cotoner y Chacón          (b. 1817 - d. 1888)
13 Jul 1860 - Aug 1860     Sabino Gámir y Maladeñ (acting)
Aug 1860 - 17 Feb 1862     Rafael Echagüe y Bermingham        (b. 1815 - d. 1887)
17 Feb 1862 - May 1862     Rafael Izquierdo y Gutiérrez       (b. 1820 - d. 1882) 
                             (acting)
May 1862 - Nov 1865        Félix María de Messina e Iglesias, (b. 1798 - d. 1872)
                            
marqués de la Serna
18 Nov 1865 - 1866         José María Marchesi Oleaga         (b. 1801 - d. 1879)
Captain-generals, Superior Civil Governors
1866 - 17 Dec 1867         José María Marchesi Oleaga         (s.a.)

17 Dec 1867 - 30 Dec 1868  Julián Juan Pavía Lacy             (b. 1814 - d. 1896)
23 Sep 1868 - Oct 1868     Francisco Ramírez Medina           (b. 1828 - d. ....)
                             (president of the Republic of Puerto Rico, in rebellion)
30 Dec 1868 - 26 May 1870  José Laureano Sanz y Posse         (b. 1822 - d. 1898)
                             (1st time)
26 May 1870 - 27 Sep 1871  Gabriel Baldrich i Palau           (b. 1814 - d. 1885)
27 Sep 1871 - Jun 1872     Ramón Gómez Pulido                 (b. 1811 - d. 1885)
30 Jul 1872 -  5 Nov 1872  Simón de la Torre y Ormaza         (b. 1803 - d. 1886)
 5 Nov 1872 - 14 Feb 1873  Joaquín Enrile y Hernán            (b. 1818 - d. 1890)
14 Feb 1873 - 25 Mar 1873  Juan Martínez Plowes               (b. 1808 - d. 1887)
25 Mar 1873 -  2 Feb 1874  Rafael Primo de Rivera y           (b. 1813 - d. 1902) 
                             Sobremonte
 2 Feb 1874 - 15 Dec 1875  José Laureano Sanz y Posse         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Governors-general, Captain-generals
16 Dec 1875 - 24 Jun 1877  Segundo de la Portilla y Gutiérrez (b. 1819 - d. ....) 

                             (1st time)
24 Jun 1877 - 26 Apr 1878  Manuel de la Serna y Hernández,    (b. 1804 - d. 1878)
                             marqués de Irún
26 Apr 1878 - 24 Jun 1878  José Gamir Maladeñ (1st time)      (b. 1835 - d. 1896)
                            
(acting)
24 Jun 1878 -  6 Jul 1881  Eulogio Despujol y Dussay,         (b. 1834 - d. 1907)

                             conde de Caspe
 
6 Jul 1881 - 23 Nov 1882  Segundo de la Portilla y Gutiérrez (s.a.) 
                             (2nd time)
23 Nov 1882 - 31 Jul 1884  Miguel de la Vega Inclán y Palma,  (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
                             marqués de Vega Inclán
31 Jul 1884 - 19 Sep 1884  Carlos Suances y Campos (1st time) (b. 1818 - d. 1891)
                             (acting)
19 Sep 1884 -  1 Nov 1884  Ramón Fajardo y Izquierdo (acting) (b. 1826 - d. 1888)
 1 Nov 1884 - 23 Nov 1884  Carlos Suances y Campos (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)
23 Nov 1884 - 10 Jan 1887  Luis Dabán y Ramírez de Arellano   (b. 1841 - d. 1892)
10 Jan 1887 - 23 Mar 1887  Juan Contreras Martínez (1st time) (b. 1834 - d. 1906)
23 Mar 1887 - 11 Nov 1887  Romualdo Palacios González         (b. 1827 - d. 1908)
11 Nov 1887 - 23 Feb 1888  Juan Contreras Martínez (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)
23 Feb 1888 - 18 Apr 1890  Pedro Ruíz y Dana                  (b. 1822 - d. 1891)
18 Apr 1890 - 21 Apr 1890  José Pascual de Bonanza (acting)   (b. 1834 - d. 1892)
21 Apr 1890 - 15 Nov 1892  José Lasso Pérez                   (b. 1837 - d. 1913)
15 Nov 1892 - 10 Jan 1893  Manuel Delgado y Zuleta (acting)   (b. 1842 - d. 1915)
10 Jan 1893 - 20 Jun 1895  Antonio Dabán y Ramírez de         (b. 1844 - d. 1902)

                             Arrellanó
20 Jun 1895 - 17 Jan 1896  José Gamir Maladeñ (2nd time)      (s.a.)
17 Jan 1896 - 15 Feb 1896  Emilio March y García (acting)     (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
15 Feb 1896 -  4 Jan 1898  Sabas Marín y González             (b. 1828 - d. 1901)
 4 Jan 1898 - 11 Jan 1898  Ricardo de Ortega y Díez (1st time)(b. 1838 - d. 1917)
                             (acting)
11 Jan 1898                Andrés González Muñoz              (b. 1840 - d. 1898)
11 Jan 1898 -  3 Feb 1898  Ricardo de Ortega y Díez (2nd time)(s.a.)
                             (acting)
 3 Feb 1898 - 14 Oct 1898  Manuel Macías Casado               (b. 1845 - d. 1937)
14 Oct 1898 - 16 Oct 1898  Ricardo de Ortega y Díez (3rd time)(s.a.)
                             (acting)
16 Oct 1898 - 18 Oct 1898  Ángel Rivero Méndez (acting)       (b. 1856 - d. 1830)
Commanding General of the U.S. Army

25 Jul 1898 - 18 Oct 1898  Nelson Appleton Miles              (b. 1839 - d. 1925)  Mil
Military Governors and Commanders of the Department of Puerto Rico
18 Oct 1898 -  6 Dec 1898  John Rutter Brooke                 (b. 1838 - d. 1926)  Mil
 
6 Dec 1898 -  9 May 1899  Guy Vernor Henry                   (b. 1839 - d. 1899)  Mil
 9 May 1899 - 30 Apr 1900  George Whitefield Davis            (b. 1839 - d. 1918)  Mil
Governors
 
1 May 1900 - 15 Sep 1901  Charles Herbert Allen              (b. 1848 - d. 1934)
  Rep
15 Sep 1901 -  4 Jul 1904  William Henry Hunt                 (b. 1857 - d. 1949)  Rep
 4 Jul 1904 - 18 Apr 1907  Beekman Winthrop                   (b. 1874 - d. 1940)  Rep
18 Apr 1907 -  6 Nov 1909  Regis Henri Post                   (b. 1870 - d. 1944)  Rep
 6 Nov 1909 - 15 Nov 1913  George Radcliffe Colton            (b. 1866 - d. 1916)  Rep
15 Nov 1913 - 15 May 1921  Arthur Yager                       (b. 1857 - d. 1941)  Dem
15 May 1921 - 30 Jul 1921  José Eladio Benedicto y Géigel     (b. 1880 - d. 1924)
                             (acting)  
30 Jul 1921 - Mar 1923     Emmet Montgomery Reily             (b. 1866 - d. 1954)  Rep
Mar 1923 -  6 Apr 1923     Juan Bernardo Huyke (acting)       (b. 1880 - d. 1961)  UPR
 6 Apr 1923 - 29 Sep 1929  Horace Mann Towner                 (b. 1855 - d. 1937)  Rep
29 Sep 1929 -  7 Oct 1929  James Rumsey Beverley (1st time)   (b. 1894 - d. 1967)  Rep
                             (acting)
 
7 Oct 1929 - 30 Jan 1932  Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.            (b. 1887 - d. 1944)  Rep
30 Jan 1932 -  1 Jul 1933  James Rumsey Beverley (2nd time)   (s.a.)               Rep
                             (acting)
 
1 Jul 1933 - 12 Jan 1934  Robert Hayes Gore                  (b. 1886 - d. 1972)  Dem
12 Jan 1934 -  5 Feb 1934  Benjamin Jason Horton (acting)     (b. 1873 - d. 1963)  Dem
 5 Feb 1934 - 25 Jun 1939  Blanton Winship                    (b. 1869 - d. 1947)  Mil
25 Jun 1939 - 11 Sep 1939  José Enrique Colom Martínez        (b. 1889 - d. 1973)  Mil
                             (acting)

11 Sep 1939 - 28 Nov 1940  William Daniel Leahy               (b. 1875 - d. 1959)  Mil
28 Nov 1940 -  3 Feb 1941  José Miguel Gallardo (1st time)    (b. 1897 - d. 1976)  Dem
                             (acting)
 3 Feb 1941 - 24 Jul 1941  Guy Jacob Swope (acting)           (b. 1892 - d. 1969)  Dem
24 Jul 1941 - 19 Sep 1941  José Miguel Gallardo (2nd time)    (s.a.)               Dem
                             (acting)
19 Sep 1941 -  3 Sep 1946  Rexford Guy Tugwell                (b. 1891 - d. 1979)  Dem
 3 Sep 1946 -  2 Jan 1949  Jesús Toribio Piñero               (b. 1897 - d. 1952)  PPD
 2 Jan 1949 -  2 Jan 1965  José Luis Alberto Muñoz Marín      (b. 1898 - d. 1980)  PPD
 2 Jan 1965 -  2 Jan 1969  Roberto Sánchez Vilella            (b. 1913 - d. 1997)  PPD
 2 Jan 1969 -  2 Jan 1973  Luis Alberto Ferré Aguayo          (b. 1904 - d. 2003)  PNP
 2 Jan 1973 -  2 Jan 1977  Rafael Hernández Colón (1st time)  (b. 1936 - d. 2019)  PPD
 2 Jan 1977 -  2 Jan 1985  Carlos Antonio Romero Barceló      (b. 1932 - d. 2021)  PNP
 2 Jan 1985 -  2 Jan 1993  Rafael Hernández Colón (2nd time)  (s.a.)               PPD
 2 Jan 1993 -  2 Jan 2001  Pedro Juan Rosselló González       (b. 1944)            PNP
 2 Jan 2001 -  2 Jan 2005  Sila María Calderón Serra (f)      (b. 1942)            PPD
 2 Jan 2005 -  2 Jan 2009  Aníbal Salvador Acevedo Vilá       (b. 1962)            PPD
 2 Jan 2009 -  2 Jan 2013  Luis Guillermo Fortuño Burset      (b. 1960)            PNP
 2 Jan 2017 -  2 Aug 2019  Ricardo Antonio
Rosselló Nevares   (b. 1979)            PNP
 2 Aug 2019 -  7 Aug 2019  Pedro Rafael Pierluisi Urrutia     (b. 1959)            PNP
                             (1st time)
 7 Aug 2019 - 
2 Jan 2021  Wanda Vázquez Garced (f)           (b. 1960)            PNP
 2 Jan 2021 -              Pedro Rafael Pierluisi Urrutia     (s.a.)               PNP
                             (2nd time)

Presidents of the Cabinet
11 Feb 1898 - 21 Jul 1898  Francisco Mariano Quiñones         (b. 1830 - d. 1908)  PAO
21 Jul 1898 -  6 Feb 1899  Luis Muñoz Rivera                  (b. 1859 - d. 1916)  PLF
                             (suspended from 9 Dec 1898)

Chairmen of the Financial Oversight and Management Board for Puerto Rico
30 Sep
2016 -  5 Oct 2020  José B. Carrión III                (b. 1969)            Rep
 6 Oct 2020 -              David Arthur Skeel, Jr.            (b. 1961)            Rep

Territorial Dispute: Increasing numbers of illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona Passage to Puerto Rico each year looking for work.

Party Abbreviations: Dem = Democratic Party (U.S. liberal, center-left, est.1829); PNP = Partido Nuevo Progresivo (New Progressive Party, center-right, conservative, pro-statehood, split from U.S. Republican Party, est.20 Aug 1967); PPD = Partido Popular Democrático (Popular Democratic Party, center-left, pro-commonwealth, affiliated with U.S. Democratic Party, est.1938); Rep = Republican Party (U.S. conservative, center-right, est.1854); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: PLF = Partido Liberal Fusionista Puertorriqueño (Puerto Rican Liberal Fusionist Party, 1897-99, named Partido Autonomista Puertorriqueño [Puerto Rican Autonomist Party] 1887-1897); PAO = Partido Autonomista Ortodoxo (Orthodox Autonomist Party, 1898-1899); URP = Unión de Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico Union, pro-independence to 1922, then pro-autonomy, Feb 1902-1932, merged into Partido Liberal)


Mona

24 Sep 1494                Discovered and claimed for Spain by Columbus (Isla de la Mona).
1515 - 1516                Ownership of island under Fernando II de Aragón.
1516 - 1520                Ownership of island transferred to Francisco Jiménez Cardenal
                             de Cisneros (b. 1436 - d. 1517).
1520                       Annexed to Puerto Rico.
1520 - 1524                Ownership passes to Francisco de Barrionuevo (b. c.1503 - d. 1542).
1578 - 1843                Abandoned.
22 Dec 1919 - 1945         Administered by U.S. Forest Service (under Interior Dept.)
1937 - 1942                Civilian Conservation Corps projects.
1945 - 1955                Leased to U.S. Air Force. 


Puerto Rican Virgin Islands

Culebra

16 Nov 1493                Discovered and claimed for Spain (Isla Pasaje).
1870 - 1876                Attempt to impose formal Spanish administration. 
27 Oct 1880                Annexed to Puerto Rico as a dependency (San Ildefonso de la
                             Culebra).

1902 - 1917                Part of Vieques.
26 Jun 1903 -  1 Jul 1975  U.S. Navy annexes large parts of the island as part of the
                             Culebra Naval Reservation.
 
5 Mar 1905                Culebra made a Special Municipal District.
1917                       Created a separate island municipality.

Governors
1870 - 1876                John Stevens (Stiven)              (d. 1876)
1876 - 27 Oct 1880         Vacant
27 Oct 1880 -  2 Aug 1881  Cayetano Escudero Sanz
Delegate governors (gobernador delegado)
 2 Aug 1881 - 1891?        Cayetano Escudero Sanz
1891 - 1892                Florentino Flaile y Moscat
1893 - 1894                Ramiro Matute de Tejada
1895 - 1896                Antonio Moreno y Ramírez
1897 - 1898                Manuel Vázquez Alayón              (b. 1861 - d. 1943)
1899 - 1905                Leopoldo Padrón Rivera             (b. 1865 - d. 1925)
M
ayors (alcaldes)
1906 - 1912                Pedro M
árquez Morales              (b. 1849 - d. 1920)
1913 - 1916                Alejandro Márquez Laureano



Vieques

14 Nov 1493                Discovered and claimed for Spain by Columbus, named La Graciosa.
1685 - 1693                Attempted English settlement under William Pellet (Crab Island).
c.1689 - 1693              Danes and French also attempt to settle on Vieques.
1692 - 1692                Brief Brandenburg settlement, removed by the Danes.
1693                       Spanish evict the English, Danish, French and Brandenburgers.
26 Aug 1717 - 10 Feb 1718  Attempted British 
settlement under Abraham Howell (Crab Island).
c.1745 - 1751              Attempted British settlement (Crab Island).
1752                       Danes created a small settlement, destroyed by the Spanish.
1811                       Spanish colonization begins (previously claimed by
U.K.,
                             Denmark and France).
1844                       Colony of Vieques, dependent on but not integrated into Puerto
                             Rico (establishment of the parish-capital of Isabel II begun).
1845 - 1855                Construction of the Fortín Conde de Mirasol.
1846                       U.K. officially ends its claim to Vieques.
1864                       Officially incorporated as the 8th Military Department of
                             Puerto Rico by Spain.

1873                       Vieques incorporated into Puerto Rico as a municipality.
10 Sep 1898                Occupied by U.S.
10 Dec 1941 -  1 May 2003  Two-thirds of the island under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Navy
                             as part of
Roosevelt Roads Naval Station.

Military Commanders 
1811 - 1828                Juan Roselló                      (b. 1782? - d. 1828)
1827 - 1828                Teófilo José Jaime María Le       (b. 1790 - d. 1843)
                             Guillou (acting for
Roselló)
                             (= Theophile Jacques Joseph Marie Le Guillou)
1828 - 1832                Francisco Roselló                 (d. 1832)

1832                       José Moyano (interim)
 1 May 1832 -  8 Jul 1843  Teófilo José Jaime María Le       (s.a.)
                             Guillou
Governors
1844 - 1851                Francisco Saínz (Sáenz)
1851 - 1856                José Astorga
1856 - 1857                Gregorio Tenorio
1857 - 1860                Luis de Oñativia
1860 - 1862                Francisco Gómez de Mercado
                            
(1st time)
1862 - 1864                Manuel Iturriaga (1st time)
1864 - 1866
                Francisco Gómez de Mercado
                            
(2nd time)
1867 - 1870                Luis del Riego y Pica
1870                       Manuel de Iturriaga (2nd time)
1870 - 1871                Luis Prats (interim)
1871                       Tomás Font
1871                       Juan Campos (interim)
1871 - 1872                Federico Maranges y Chavar (interim)
1872 - 1873                Cayetano Bola y Carbonell
Mayors
1873                       Benigno Álvarez
1873                       Félix Nieto (interim)
1873 - 1874                Manuel E. Benítez







© Ben Cahoon