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Norwegian Antarctic Territory
[Flag of
            Adopted 14 Jan 1938

Map of Queen Maude Land
 Hear National Anthem
"Ja, vi elsker dette landet"
(Yes, We Love This Country)
Text of National Anthem
  (17 May 1814)
Chief  Stations: Troll
(from 17 Feb 1990), and
 Tor (from 1992);
(Norway Station 1956-1960,
Maudheim 1949-1952)
Currency: Norwegian Krone
National Holiday: 17 May (1814)
Constitution Day
Population: Uninhabited
Seasonal Research Staff
Summer (Jan): 44
Winter (Jul):  7
Total Armed Forces: N/A
Defense is the Responsibility of Norway
Merchant marine: N/A
Number of Year-round Stations: 1
Summer-only Stations: 1
International Organizations/Treaties: None
 1 Jan 1739                Bouvet Island discovered by French Capt.
                             Jean-Baptiste Charles de Lozier Bouvet.
21 Jan 1821                Peter I Island discovered by Russian explorer
                             Fabian von Bellinghausen.
10 Dec 1825                Bouvet Island claimed for Britain by Capt. Norris
                             renamed Liverpool Island (claim cancelled 1929).
Nov 1893 - Mar 1894        Carl Anton Larsen discovered and named Foyn Coast
                             in Graham Land, King Oscar II Coast, Mount Jason 
                             and Robertson Island.
24 Jan 1895                Carsten Borchgrevink made the first landing on 
                             Antarctica. Three years later he led the first 
                             party to winter on the continent.
14 Dec 1911                Five Norwegians, under the leadership of Roald 
                             Amundsen, are the first to reach the South Pole.
 1 Dec 1927                Bouvet Island claimed for Norway by Lars
                             Christensen (Bouvetøya formally annexed 23 Jan
 1 Mar 1928                Norwegian Svalbard and Arctic Ocean Survey (Norges
                             Svalbard- og Ishavsundersøkelser) founded.
 2 Feb 1929                Peter I Island claimed (Peter I Øy formally annexed
                             27 Feb 1930).
14 Jan 1939                Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land) in 
                             Antarctica (45°E to 20°E) formally claimed as
                             a possession of Norway.
19 Jan - 15 Feb 1939       The area 20°E to 10°W is explored by a German
                             expedition led by Alfred Ritscher and named 
                             New Swabia (Neu-Schwabenland) but not claimed. 
13 Jan 1941                German commandos board and capture two 
                             Norwegian factory ships in the sea north of 
                             Queen Maud Land. By the end of the next day, 
                             the Germans had taken possession of three 
                             factory ships and eleven catchers. German 
                             Navy subsequently used the waters of the 
                             Peninsula and the sub-Antarctic islands as a 
                             haven from which they could venture forth to
                             attack allied shipping.
 1 Mar 1948                Norwegian Polar Institute founded (part of Ministry
                             of Trade and Industry, from 1978 the Ministry 
                             of the Environment) assigned to administer
                             Queen Maud Land.
21 Jun 1957                Norway declares Dronning Maud Land, Bouvet and 
                             Peter I Islands subject to Norwegian sovereignty
                             as a dependency (Norwegian Antarctic Territory).

Heads of the Norwegian Svalbard and Arctic Ocean Survey
 1 Mar 1928 - 1945         Adolf Hoel                         (b. 1879 - d. 1964)
1945 - 1948                Anders Kristian Orvin              (b. 1889 - d. 1980)

Directors of the Norwegian Polar Institute (Norsk Polarinstitutt)
(in Oslo; from 1998 Tromsø, Norway)
1948 - 21 Aug 1957         Harald Ulrik Sverdrup              (b. 1888 - d. 1957)
1957 - 1960                Anders Kristian Orvin              (s.a.)
1960 - 1983                Tore Gjelsvik                      (b. 1917 - d. 2006)
1 Nov 1983 - Mar 1991     Odd Reidar Rogne                   (b. 1942)
1991 - 1993                Nils Are Øritsland (acting)        (b. 1939 - d. 2006)
1993 - 2005                Olav Orheim                        (b. 1942)
2005 - 2017                Jan-Gunnar Winther                 (b. 1962)
 1 Sep 2017 -              Ole Arve Misund                    (b. 1957)

Territorial Dispute: Norwegian Antarctic claim is recognized by Australia, France, New Zealand, and U.K., but it is not recognized by the United Nations, U.S., Russia or by most other countries.

© Ben Cahoon