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United States Government

Contents: Vice Presidents - State Department - U.S. Information Agency - Department of Defense (DOD) - Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff - National Guard Bureau - Department of the Army - Corps of Engineers - Department of the Navy - Marine Corps - Department of the Air Force - Space Force - Regional Commands - National Security Agency (NSA) - Post Office Department - Department  of the Treasury - Comptroller of Currency - Internal Revenue Service (IRS) - U.S. Mint - Department of Justice (DOJ) - Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) - Solicitor General - Drug Enforcement Admin. (DEA) - Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives (ATF) - Federal Bureau of Prisons - U.S. Marshals Service - Department  of the Interior (DOI) - Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) - Bureau of Land Management (BLM) - Bureau of Reclamation - Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) - U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - National Park Service (NPS) - War Relocation Authority (WRA) - Department of Agriculture - Forest Service - Department of Commerce (DOC) - Commerce and Labor Dept. - Census Bureau - Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admin. (NOAA) - NOAA Commissioned Officers Corps - National Weather Service - National Recovery Admin. - Department of Labor (DOL) - Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUDD) - Department  of Transportation (DOT) - Federal Aviation Admin. (FAA)  - Maritime Admin. - Department  of Energy (DOE) - Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) - Federal Energy Admin. (FEA) - Energy Research and Development Admin. (ERDA) - Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) - Surgeon General, Public Health Service (PHS) - Food and Drug Admin. (FDA)  - National Institutes of Health - Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) - Department of Education - Department of Veterans Affairs - Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - Coast Guard (USCG) - Lighthouse Service - Customs Service - Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - FEMA Predecessors - Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) - Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) - Border Patrol - Secret Service (USSS) - Transportation Security Admin. (TSA)  - 
U.S. Government Part 2: UN Representative - White House Chief  of  Staff - Director of National Intelligence (DNI) - National Security Advisor - Trade Representative (USTR) - American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - Federal Reserve System - Federal Communications Commission (FCC) - Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (FDIC) - Federal Trade Commission (FTC) - General Services Admin. (GSA) - National Aeronautics and Space Admin. (NASA) - National Archives (NARA) - National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) - National Science Foundation (NSF) - Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) - Peace Corps - Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) - Social Security Admin. (SSA) - Smithsonian Institution - Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) - U.S. Supreme Court - U.S. Senate - House of Representatives - Library of Congress (LOC) - Government Accountability Office (GAO) - Democratic National Committee (DNC) - Republican National Committee (RNC) -
Former Governments: Confederate States of America (1861-1865) - Hawaii (1795-1900) - Texas Republic (1836-1846) - Vermont (1777-1791) 

Vice Presidents

[1st flag of the Vice
                      President of the U.S. 1936-1948]
7 Feb 1936 - 10 Nov 1948

[2nd flag of the Vice
                      President of U.S. 1948-1975]
10 Nov 1948 - 7 Oct 1975

[flag of the Vice President
                      of the United States]
Adopted 7 Oct 1975


White House website

Vice Presidents¹
21 Apr 1789 -  4 Mar 1797  John Adams                        (b. 1735 - d. 1826)  Fed
 4 Mar 1797 -  4 Mar 1801  Thomas Jefferson                  (b. 1743 - d. 1826)  D-R
 4 Mar 1801 -  4 Mar 1805  Aaron Burr                        (b. 1756 - d. 1836)  D-R
 4 Mar 1805 - 20 Apr 1812  George Clinton                    (b. 1739 - d. 1812)  D-R
20 Apr 1812 -  4 Mar 1813  Vacant
 4 Mar 1813 - 23 Nov 1814  Elbridge Gerry                    (b. 1744 - d. 1814)  D-R
 4 Mar 1817 -  4 Mar 1825  Daniel D. Tompkins                (b. 1744 - d. 1825)  D-R
 4 Mar 1825 - 28 Dec 1832  John Caldwell Calhoun             (b. 1782 - d. 1850)  Dem
28 Dec 1832 -  4 Mar 1833  Vacant
 4 Mar 1833 -  4 Mar 1837  Martin van Buren                  (b. 1782 - d. 1862)  Dem
 4 Mar 1837 -  4 Mar 1841  Richard Mentor Johnson            (b. 1780 - d. 1850)  Dem
 4 Mar 1841 -  4 Apr 1841  John Tyler                        (b. 1790 - d. 1862)  Whg
 4 Apr 1841 -  4 Mar 1845  Vacant
 4 Mar 1845 -  4 Mar 1849  George Mifflin Dallas             (b. 1792 - d. 1864)  Dem
 4 Mar 1849 -  9 Jul 1850  Millard Fillmore                  (b. 1800 - d. 1874)  Whg
 9 Jul 1850 -  4 Mar 1853  Vacant
 4 Mar 1853 - 18 Apr 1853  William Rufus DeVane King         (b. 1786 - d. 1853)  Dem
18 Apr 1853 -  4 Mar 1857  Vacant
 4 Mar 1857 -  4 Mar 1861  John Cabell Breckinridge          (b. 1821 - d. 1875)  Dem
 4 Mar 1861 -  4 Mar 1865  Hannibal Hamlin                   (b. 1809 - d. 1891)  Rep
 4 Mar 1865 - 15 Apr 1865  Andrew Johnson                    (b. 1808 - d. 1875)  Dem
15 Apr 1865 -  4 Mar 1869  Vacant
 4 Mar 1869 -  4 Mar 1873  Schuyler Colfax                   (b. 1823 - d. 1885)  Rep
 4 Mar 1873 - 22 Nov 1875  Henry Wilson                      (b. 1812 - d. 1875)  Rep
22 Nov 1875 -  4 Mar 1877  Vacant
 4 Mar 1877 -  4 Mar 1881  William Almon Wheeler             (b. 1819 - d. 1887)  Rep
 4 Mar 1881 - 19 Sep 1881  Chester Allen Arthur              (b. 1829 - d. 1886)  Rep
19 Sep 1881 -  4 Mar 1885  Vacant
 4 Mar 1885 - 25 Nov 1885  Thomas Andrews Hendricks          (b. 1819 - d. 1885)  Dem
25 Nov 1885 -  4 Mar 1889  Vacant
 4 Mar 1889 -  4 Mar 1893  Levi Parsons Morton               (b. 1824 - d. 1920)  Rep
 4 Mar 1893 -  4 Mar 1897  Adlai Ewing Stevenson             (b. 1835 - d. 1914)  Dem
 4 Mar 1897 - 21 Nov 1899  Garret Augustus Hobart            (b. 1844 - d. 1899)  Rep
21 Nov 1899 -  4 Mar 1901  Vacant
 4 Mar 1901 - 14 Sep 1901  Theodore Roosevelt                (b. 1858 - d. 1919)  Rep
14 Sep 1901 -  4 Mar 1905  Vacant
 4 Mar 1905 -  4 Mar 1909  Charles Warren Fairbanks          (b. 1852 - d. 1918)  Rep
 4 Mar 1909 - 30 Oct 1912  James Schoolcraft Sherman         (b. 1855 - d. 1912)  Rep
30 Oct 1912 -  4 Mar 1913  Vacant
 4 Mar 1913 -  4 Mar 1921  Thomas Riley Marshall             (b. 1854 - d. 1925)  Dem
 4 Mar 1921 -  2 Aug 1923  Calvin Coolidge                   (b. 1872 - d. 1933)  Rep
 2 Aug 1923 -  4 Mar 1925  Vacant
 4 Mar 1925 -  4 Mar 1929  Charles Gates Dawes               (b. 1865 - d. 1951)  Rep
 4 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Charles Curtis                    (b. 1860 - d. 1936)  Rep
 4 Mar 1933 - 20 Jan 1941  John Nance Garner                 (b. 1868 - d. 1967)  Dem
20 Jan 1941 - 20 Jan 1945  Henry Agard Wallace               (b. 1888 - d. 1965)  Dem
20 Jan 1945 - 12 Apr 1945  Harry S. Truman                   (b. 1884 - d. 1972)  Dem
12 Apr 1945 - 20 Jan 1949  Vacant
20 Jan 1949 - 20 Jan 1953  Alben William Barkley             (b. 1877 - d. 1956)  Dem
20 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961  Richard Milhous Nixon             (b. 1913 - d. 1994)  Rep
20 Jan 1961 - 22 Nov 1963  Lyndon Baines Johnson             (b. 1908 - d. 1973)  Dem
22 Nov 1963 - 20 Jan 1965  Vacant
20 Jan 1965 - 20 Jan 1969  Hubert Horatio Humphrey, Jr.      (b. 1911 - d. 1978)  Dem
20 Jan 1969 - 10 Oct 1973  Spiro Theodore Agnew              (b. 1918 - d. 1996)  Rep
10 Oct 1973 -  6 Dec 1973  Vacant
 6 Dec 1973 -  9 Aug 1974  Gerald Rudolph Ford               (b. 1913 - d. 2006)  Rep
 9 Aug 1974 - 19 Dec 1974  Vacant
19 Dec 1974 - 20 Jan 1977  Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller        (b. 1908 - d. 1979)  Rep
20 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale  (b. 1928)            Dem
20 Jan 1981 - 20 Jan 1989  George Herbert Walker Bush        (b. 1924 - d. 2018)  Rep
20 Jan 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  James Danforth "Dan" Quayle       (b. 1947)            Rep
20 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001  Albert "Al" Gore, Jr.             (b. 1948)            Dem
20 Jan 2001 - 20 Jan 2009  Richard "Dick" Bruce Cheney       (b. 1941)            Rep
20 Jan 2009 - 20 Jan 2017  Joseph "Joe" Robinette Biden, Jr. (b. 1942)            Dem
20 Jan 2017 -              Michael "Mike" Richard Pence      (b. 1959)            Rep

 ¹The Vice Presidents formally serve as presidents of the Senate, but rarely presides over routine day-to-day debate. Until 1890, the Senate elected a President Pro Tempore whenever the Vice President was not in attendance. When the Vice President returned, the President "Pro Tem" lost his place, and when the Vice President was again absent, the Senate again elected a President Pro Tempore. By the standing order agreed to on 12 Mar 1890, the Senate declared that the President Pro Tempore shall hold office during "the pleasure of the Senate and until another is elected, and shall execute the duties thereof during all future absences of the Vice President until the Senate does otherwise order."

Party abbreviations: Dem = Democratic Party (liberal, center-left, former D-R, est.1829); Rep = Republican Party (conservative, center-right, est.1854);
- Former parties: D-R = Democratic-Republican Party (pro-states rights, anti-Federalist, 1794-1829, renamed Dem); Fed = Federalist Party (conservative, federalist, 1792-1824); Whg = Whig Party (economic nationalist, protectionist, anti-Jacksonian, 1833-1860)



Department of State

[Department of State
                        flag (U.S.)]
Adopted 21 Jan 1933

Department of State

10 Jul 1781                Department of Foreign Affairs
15 Sep 1789                Department of State

Secretaries of Foreign Affairs
20 Oct 1781 -  4 Jun 1783  Robert R. Livingston               (b. 1746 - d. 1813)
 7 May 1784 - 15 Sep 1789  John Jay (acting from 4 Mar 1789)  (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
Secretaries
of State
15 Sep 1789 - 22 Mar 1790  John Jay (acting)                  (s.a.)
22 Mar 1790 - 31 Dec 1793  Thomas Jefferson                   (b. 1743 - d. 1826)
 2 Jan 1794 - 20 Aug 1795  Edmund Randolph                    (b. 1753 - d. 1813)
20 Aug 1795 - 12 May 1800  Timothy Pickering                  (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
                             (acting to 9 Dec 1795)
13 May 1800 -  5 Jun 1800  Charles Lee (acting)               (b. 1758 - d. 1815)
 6 Jun 1800 -  4 Mar 1801  John Marshall                      (b. 1755 - d. 1835)
                             (acting from 4 Feb 1801)
 5 Mar 1801 -  1 May 1801  Levi Lincoln (acting)              (b. 1749 - d. 1820)
 2 May 1801 -  3 Mar 1809  James Madison                      (b. 1751 - d. 1836)
 
6 Mar 1809 -  1 Apr 1811  Robert Smith                       (b. 1757 - d. 1842)
 2
Apr 1811 -  3 Mar 1817  James Monroe                       (b. 1758 - d. 1831)
                             (acting 1 Oct 1814 - 28 Feb 1815)
 4 Mar 1817 -  9 Mar 1817  John Graham (acting)               (b. 1774 - d. 1820)
10 Mar 1817 - 22 Sep 1817  Richard Rush (acting)              (b. 1780 - d. 1859)
22 Sep 1817 -  3 Mar 1825  John Quincy Adams                  (b. 1767 - d. 1848)
 4 Mar 1825 -  7 Mar 1825  Daniel Brent (acting)              (b. 1770 - d. 1841)
 7 Mar 1825 -  3 Mar 1829  Henry Clay                         (b. 1777 - d. 1852)
 4 Mar 1829 - 27 Mar 1829  James A. Hamilton (acting)         (b. 1788 - d. 1878)
28 Mar 1829 - 23 May 1831  Martin Van Buren                   (b. 1782 - d. 1862)
24 May 1831 - 29 May 1833  Edward Livingstone                 (b. 1764 - d. 1836)
29 May 1833 - 30 Jun 1834  Louis McLane                       (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
 1 Jul 1834 -  3 Mar 1841  John Forsyth                       (b. 1780 - d. 1841)
 4 Mar 1841 -  5 Mar 1841  Jacob L. Martin (acting)           (b. 1800 - d. 1848)
 
6 Mar 1841 -  8 May 1843  Daniel Webster (1st time)          (b. 1782 - d. 1852)
 9 May 1843 - 20 Jun 1843  Hugh Swinton Legaré (acting)       (b. 1797 - d. 1843)
21 Jun 1843 - 23 Jun 1843  William S. Derrick (acting)        (b. 1802 - d. 1852)
24 Jun 1843 - 28 Feb 1844  Abel Parker Upshur                 (b. 1790 - d. 1844)
                             (acting to 23 Jul 1843)
29 Feb 1844 - 31 Mar 1844  John Nelson (acting)               (b. 1794 - d. 1860)
 1 Apr 1844 - 10 Mar 1845  John Caldwell Calhoun              (b. 1782 - d. 1850)
10 Mar 1845 -  7 Mar 1849  James Buchanan                     (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
 
7 Mar 1849 - 22 Jul 1850  John Middleton Clayton             (b. 1796 - d. 1856)
23 Jul 1850 - 24 Oct 1852  Daniel Webster (2nd time)          (s.a.)
25 Oct 1852 -  5 Nov 1852  Charles M. Conrad (acting)         (b. 1804 - d. 1878)
 6 Nov 1852 -  3 Mar 1853  Edward Everett                     (b. 1794 - d. 1865)
 4 Mar 1853 -  7 Mar 1853  William Hunter (1st time)(acting)  (b. 1805 - d. 1886)
 8 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  William Learned Marcy              (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
 6 Mar 1857 - 14 Dec 1860  Lewis Cass                         (b. 1782 - d. 1866)
15 Dec 1860 - 16 Dec 1860  William Hunter (2nd time)(acting)  (s.a.)
17 Dec 1860 -  5 Mar 1861  Jeremiah Sullivan Black            (b. 1810 - d. 1883)
 6
Mar 1861 -  4 Mar 1869  William Henry Seward               (b. 1801 - d. 1872)
 
5 Mar 1869 - 16 Mar 1869  Elihu Benjamin Washburne           (b. 1816 - d. 1887)
17 Mar 1869 - 12 Mar 1877  Hamilton Fish                      (b. 1808 - d. 1893)
12 Mar 1877 -  7 Mar 1881  William Maxwell Evarts             (b. 1818 - d. 1901)
 7 Mar 1881 - 19 Dec 1881  James Gillespie Blaine (1st time)  (b. 1830 - d. 1893)
19 Dec 1881 -  6 Mar 1885  Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen   (b. 1817 - d. 1885)
 7
Mar 1885 -  6 Mar 1889  Thomas Francis Bayard              (b. 1828 - d. 1898)
 7 Mar 1889 -  4 Jun 1892  James Gillespie Blaine (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1892 - 29 Jun 1892  William F. Wharton (1st time)      (b. 1847 - d. 1919)
                             (acting)
29 Jun 1892 - 23 Feb 1893  John Watson Foster                 (b. 1836 - d. 1917)
24 Feb 1893 -  6 Mar 1893  William F. Warton (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 
7 Mar 1893 - 28 May 1895  Walter Quintin Gresham             (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
28 May 1895 - 31 May 1895  Edwin F. Uhl (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1841 - d. 1901)
31 May 1895 -  1 Jun 1895  Alvey A. Adee (1st time)(acting)   (b. 1842 - d. 1924)    
 
1 Jun 1895 -  9 Jun 1895  Edwin F. Uhl (2nd time)(acting)    (s.a.)
10 Jun 1895 -  5 Mar 1897  Richard Olney                      (b. 1835 - d. 1917)
 
6 Mar 1897 - 27 Apr 1898  John Sherman                       (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
28 Apr 1898 - 16 Sep 1898  William Rufus Day                  (b. 1849 - d. 1923)
17 Sep 1898 - 29 Sep 1898  Alvey A. Adee (2nd time)(acting)   (s.a.)
30 Sep 1898 -  1 Jul 1905  John Milton Hay                    (b. 1838 - d. 1905)
 1 Jul 1905 - 18 Jul 1905  Francis B. Loomis (acting)         (b. 1861 - d. 1948)
19 Jul 1905 - 27 Jan 1909  Elihu Root                         (b. 1845 - d. 1937)
27 Jan 1909 -  5 Mar 1909  Robert Bacon                       (b. 1860 - d. 1919)
 
6 Mar 1909 -  5 Mar 1913  Philander Chase Knox               (b. 1853 - d. 1921)
 5 Mar 1913 -  9 Jun 1915  William Jennings Bryan             (b. 1860 - d. 1925)
 9 Jun 1915 - 13 Feb 1920  Robert Lansing                     (b. 1864 - d. 1928)
                             (acting to 23 Jun 1915)
14 Feb 1920 - 14 Mar 1920  Frank Lyon Polk (acting)           (b. 1871 - d. 1943)
23 Mar 1920 -  4 Mar 1921  Bainbridge Colby                   (b. 1869 - d. 1950)
 5 Mar 1921 -  4 Mar 1925  Charles Evans Hughes               (b. 1862 - d. 1948)
 5 Mar 1925 - 28 Mar 1929  Frank Billings Kellogg             (b. 1856 - d. 1937)
28 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Henry Lewis Stimson                (b. 1867 - d. 1950)
 4 Mar 1933 - 30 Nov 1944  Cordell Hull                       (b. 1871 - d. 1955)
 1 Dec 1944 - 27 Jun 1945  Edward Reilly Stettinius           (b. 1900 - d. 1949)
28 Jun 1945 -  3 Jul 1945  Joseph C. Grew (acting)            (b. 1880 - d. 1965)
 3 Jul 1945 - 21 Jan 1947  James Francis Byrnes               (b. 1879 - d. 1972)
21 Jan 1947 - 20 Jan 1949  George Catlett Marshall            (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
20 Jan 1949 - 21 Jan 1949  Robert Lovett (acting)             (b. 1895 - d. 1986)
21 Jan 1949 - 20 Jan 1953  Dean Gooderham Acheson             (b. 1893 - d. 1971)
20 Jan 1953 - 21 Jan 1953  H. Freeman Matthews (acting)       (b. 1899 - d. 1986)
21 Jan 1953 - 22 Apr 1959  John Foster Dulles                 (b. 1888 - d. 1959)
22 Apr 1959 - 20 Jan 1961  Christian Archibald Herter         (b. 1895 - d. 1966)
20 Jan 1961 - 21 Jan 1961  Livingston T. Merchant (acting)    (b. 1903 - d. 1976)
21 Jan 1961 - 20 Jan 1969  Dean Rusk                          (b. 1909 - d. 1994)
20 Jan 1969 - 22 Jan 1969  Charles E. Bohlen (acting)         (b. 1904 - d. 1974)
22 Jan 1969 -  4 Sep 1973  William Pierce Rogers              (b. 1913 - d. 2001)
 
4 Sep 1973 - 21 Sep 1973  Kenneth Rush (acting)              (b. 1910 - d. 1994)
21 Sep 1973 - 20 Jan 1977  Henry Alfred Kissinger             (b. 1923)
20 Jan 1977 - 23 Jan 1977  Philip C. Habib (acting)           (b. 1920 - d. 1992)
23 Jan 1977 - 28 Apr 1980  Cyrus Roberts Vance                (b. 1917 - d. 2002)
28 Apr 1980 -  2 May 1980  Warren M. Christopher (1st time)   (b. 1925 - d. 2011)
                             (acting)
 2 May 1980 -  3 May 1980  David D. Newsom (1st time)(acting) (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
 3 May 1980                Richard N. Cooper (acting)         (b. 1934)
 3 May 1980 -  4 May 1980  David D. Newsom (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
 4 May 1980 -  8 May 1980  Warren M. Christopher (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 8 May 1980 - 18 Jan 1981  Edmund Sixtus Muskie               (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
18 Jan 1981 - 22 Jan 1981  David D. Newsom (3rd time)(acting) (s.a.)
22 Jan 1981 -  5 Jul 1982  Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.          (b. 1924 - d. 2010)
 5 Jul 1982 - 16 Jul 1982  Walter J. Stoessel, Jr. (acting)   (b. 1920 - d. 1986)
16 Jul 1982 - 20 Jan 1989  George P. Shultz                   (b. 1920)
20 Jan 1989 - 25 Jan 1989  Michael H. Armacost (acting)       (b. 1937)
25 Jan 1989 - 23 Aug 1992  James Addison Baker III            (b. 1930)
23 Aug 1992 - 19 Jan 1993  Lawrence S. Eagleburger            (b. 1930 - d. 2011)
                             (acting to 8 Dec 1992)
20 Jan 1993                Arnold L. Kanter (acting)          (b. 1945 - d. 2010)
20 Jan 1993                Frank G. Wisner II (acting)        (b. 1938)
20 Jan 1993 -  7 Jan 1997  Warren M. Christopher (3rd time)   (s.a.)
 7 Jan 1997 - 23 Jan 1997  Strobe Talbott (acting)            (b. 1946)
23 Jan 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Madeleine Korbel Albright (f)      (b. 1937)
20 Jan 2001 - 26 Jan 2005  Colin Luther Powell                (b. 1937)
26 Jan 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Condoleezza "Condi" Rice (f)       (b. 1954)
20 Jan 2009 - 21 Jan 2009  William J. Burns (acting)          (b. 1956)
21 Jan 2009 - 
 1 Feb 2013  Hillary Rodham Clinton (f)         (b. 1947)
 1 Feb 2013 - 20 Jan 2017  John F. Kerry                      (b. 1943)
20 Jan 2017 -  1 Feb 2017  Thomas "Tom" Shannon, Jr. (acting) (b. 1958)
 1 Feb 2017 - 31 Mar 2018  Rex W. Tillerson                   (b. 1952)
 1 Apr 2018 -
26 Apr 2018  John J. Sullivan (acting)          (b. 1959)
26 Apr 2018 -              Michael "Mike" R. Pompeo           (b. 1963)


U.S. Information Agency (USIA)

 1 Aug 1953                U.S. Information Agency (known overseas as U.S. Information
                             Service) established
as an independent agency (from the
                             International Information Administration branch of the
                             Department of State).

 1 Apr 1978 - 24 Aug 1982  Renamed International Communication Agency (ICA).
 1 Oct 1999                Information (but not broadcasting) and exchange functions
                             incorporated into the Department of State under the Under
                             Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs (the
                             broadcasting functions are consolidated as an independent entity
                             under the Broadcasting Board of Governors [BBG]).

Directors
 1 Aug 1953 -  5 Aug 1953  Arthur Alden Kimball (acting)      (b. 1908 - d. 1996)
 5 Aug 1953 - 15 Nov 1956  Theodore Cuyler Streibert          (b. 1899 - d. 1987)

16 Nov 1956 - 18 Dec 1956  Abbott M. Washburn (1st time)      (b. 1915 - d. 2003)
                             (acting)
18 Dec 1956 - 27 Oct 1957  Arthur Larson                      (b. 1910 - d. 1993)

27 Oct 1957 - 15 Nov 1957  Abbott M. Washburn (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting)
15 Nov 1957 -  1 Dec 1960  George Venable Allen               (b. 1903 - d. 1970)

 2 Dec 1960 - 15 Mar 1961  Abbott M. Washburn (3rd time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting)
15 Mar 1961 - 20 Jan 1964  Edward R. Murrow                   (b. 1908 - d. 1965)

20 Jan 1964 - 28 Feb 1964  Donald M. Wilson (1st time)(acting)(b. 1925 - d. 2011)
28 Feb 1964 - 10 Jul 1965  Carl Thomas Rowan                  (b. 1925 - d. 2000)

10 Jul 1965 -  1 Aug 1965  Donald M. Wilson (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
 1 Aug 1965 -  2 Sep 1965 
Abbott M. Washburn (4th time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting)

 2 Sep 1965 -  6 Dec 1968  Leonard Harold Marks               (b. 1916 - d. 2006)

 7 Dec 1968 - 14 Feb 1969  Henry Loomis (acting)              (b. 1919 - d. 2008)
14 Feb 1969 -  7 Feb 1973  Frank J. Shakespeare, Jr.          (b. 1925)

 8 Feb 1973 - 30 Nov 1976  James Keogh                        (b. 1916 - d. 2006)
 1 Dec 1976 - 23 Mar 1977  Eugene P. Kopp (1st time)(acting)  (b. 1934 - d. 2019)
23 Mar 1977 - 29 Aug 1980  John Edward Reinhardt              (b. 1920 - d. 2016)

 1 Sep 1980 -  9 Jun 1981  John W. Shirley (acting)           (b. 1931)
 9 Jun 1981 - 20 Jan 1989  Charles Z. Wick                    (b. 1917 - d. 2008)

20 Jan 1989 - 14 Apr 1989  Marvin L. Stone (acting)           (b. 1924 - d. 2000)
14 Apr 1989 - 20 Mar 1991  Bruce S. Gelb                      (b. 1927)

21 Mar 1991 -  7 Jun 1991  Eugene P. Kopp (2nd time)(acting)  (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1991 - 19 Jan 1993  Henry Edward Catto, Jr.            (b. 1930 - d. 2011)

20 Jan 1993 - 25 May 1993  John Condayan (acting)             (b. 1933 - d. 2017)
25 May 1993 - 30 Jun 1999  Joseph Daniel Duffey               (b. 1932)

 1 Jul 1999 -  1 Oct 1999  Penn Kemble (acting)               (b. 1941 - d. 2005)



Defense Department

[Flag of the
                        Secretary of Defense (U.S.)]
Flag of Secretary Adopted 7 Oct 1947

Department of Defense

18 Sep 1947                Department of Defense (originally designated National Military
                             Establishment), including the Departments of the Army, Navy,
                             and Air Force.

Secretaries of Defense
17 Sep 1947 - 28 Mar 1949  James V. Forrestal                 (b. 1892 - d. 1949)
28 Mar 1949 - 20 Sep 1950  Louis A. Johnson                   (b. 1891 - d. 1956)
21 Sep 1950 - 12 Sep 1951  George C. Marshall                 (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
12 Sep 1951 - 20 Jan 1953  Robert A. Lovett                   (b. 1895 - d. 1986)
                             (acting to 16 Sep 1951)
20 Jan 1953 - 28 Jan 1953  Wilfred J. McNeil
(acting)         (b. 1901 - d. 1979)
28 Jan 1953 -  8 Oct 1957  Charles E. Wilson                  (b. 1890 - d. 1961)
 9 Oct 1957 -  1 Dec 1959  Neil H. McElroy                    (b. 1904 - d. 1972)
 
2 Dec 1959 - 20 Jan 1961  Thomas S. Gates, Jr.               (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
21 Jan 1961 - 29 Feb 1968  Robert S. McNamara                 (b. 1916 - d. 2009)
 1 Mar 1968 - 20 Jan 1969  Clark M. Clifford                  (b. 1906 - d. 1998)
20 Jan 1969 - 22 Jan 1969  Stanley R. Resor (acting)          (b. 1917 - d. 2012)
22 Jan 1969 - 29 Jan 1973  Melvin R. Laird                    (b. 1922 - d. 2016)

30 Jan 1973 - 24 May 1973  Elliot L. Richardson               (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
24 May 1973 -  2 Jul 1973  William P. Clements, Jr. (acting)  (b. 1917 - d. 2011)
 
2 Jul 1973 - 19 Nov 1975  James R. Schlesinger               (b. 1929 - d. 2014)
20 Nov 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  Donald H. Rumsfeld (1st time)      (b. 1932)
21 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Harold Brown                       (b. 1927 - d. 2019)
21 Jan 1981 - 23 Nov 1987  Caspar W. Weinberger               (b. 1917 - d. 2006)
23 Nov 1987 - 20 Jan 1989  Frank C. Carlucci III              (b. 1930 - d. 2018)
20 Jan 1989 - 21 Mar 1989  William H. Taft IV (acting)        (b. 1945)
21 Mar 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Richard B. Cheney                  (b. 1941)
21 Jan 1993 -  3 Feb 1994  Leslie "Les" Aspin                 (b. 1938 - d. 1995)
 3 Feb 1994 - 23 Jan 1997  William J. Perry                   (b. 1927)
24 Jan 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  William S. Cohen                   (b. 1940)
20 Jan 2001 - 18 Dec 2006  Donald H. Rumsfeld (2nd time)      (s.a.)
18 Dec 2006 - 30 Jun 2011  Robert M. Gates                    (b. 1943)
 1 Jul 2011 - 26 Feb 2013  Leon E. Panetta                    (b. 1938)
27 Feb 2013 - 17 Feb 2015  Charles "Chuck" T. Hagel           (b. 1946)
17 Feb 2015 - 19 Jan 2017  Ashton "Ash" B. Carter             (b. 1954)
19 Jan 2017 - 20 Jan 2017  Robert O. Work (acting)            (b. 1953)
20 Jan 2017 - 31 Dec 2018  James "Jim" N. Mattis              (b. 1950)
 1 Jan 2019 -
24 Jun 2019  Patrick M. Shanahan (acting)       (b. 1962)
24 Jun 2019 - 15 Jul 2019  Mark T. Esper (1st time)(acting)   (b. 1964)
15 Jul 2019 -
23 Jul 2019  Richard V. Spencer (acting)        (b. 1954)
23 Jul 2019 -              Mark T. Esper (2nd time)           (s.a.) 
 

Joint Chiefs

[flag of Chairman of the
                        Joint Chiefs of Staff, Defense Department
                        (U.S.)]
Flag of Chairman Adopted 1949

Joint Chiefs of Staff

16 Aug 1949                Office of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff created.

Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief
20 Jul 1942 - 21 Mar 1949  William Daniel Leahy (Navy)        (b. 1875 - d. 1955)
Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
16 Aug 1949 - 15 Aug 1953  Omar Nelson Bradley (Army)         (b. 1893 - d. 1981)
15 Aug 1953 - 15 Aug 1957  Arthur William Radford (Navy)      (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
15 Aug 1957 - 30 Sep 1960  Nathan Farragut Twining (Air Force)(b. 1897 - d. 1982)
 1 Oct 1960 - 30 Sep 1962  Lyman Louis Lemnitzer (Army)       (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
 1 Oct 1962 -  1 Jul 1964  Maxwell Davenport Taylor (Army)    (b. 1901 - d. 1987)
 3 Jul 1964 -  2 Jul 1970  Earle Gilmore Wheeler (Army)       (d. 1908 - d. 1975)
 2 Jul 1970 -  1 Jul 1974  Thomas Hinman Moorer (Navy)        (b. 1912 - d. 2004)
 1 Jul 1974 - 20 Jun 1978  George Schratchley Brown           (b. 1918 - d. 1978)
                             (Air Force)
21 Jun 1978 - 18 Jun 1982  David Charles Jones (Air Force)    (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
18 Jun 1983 - 30 Sep 1985  John William Vessey, Jr. (Army)    (b. 1922 - d. 2016)
 1 Oct 1985 - 30 Sep 1989  William James Crowe, Jr. (Navy)    (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
 1 Oct 1989 - 30 Sep 1993  Colin Luther Powell (Army)         (b. 1937)
 1 Oct 1993 - 24 Oct 1993  David Elmer Jeremiah (Navy)(acting)(b. 1934 - d. 2013)
25 Oct 1993 - 30 Sep 1997  John M. Shalikashvili (Army)       (b. 1936 - d. 2011)
 1 Oct 1997 - 30 Sep 2001  Henry H. Shelton (Army)            (b. 1942)
 1 Oct 2001 - 30 Sep 2005  Richard B. Myers (Air Force)       (b. 1942)
30 Sep 2005 -  1 Oct 2007  Peter Pace (Marine Corps)          (b. 1945)
 1 Oct 2007 - 30 Sep 2011  Michael Mullen (Navy)              (b. 1946)
30 Sep 2011 - 25 Sep 2015  Martin E. Dempsey (Army)           (b. 1952)
25 Sep 2015 - 30 Sep 2019  Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.             (b. 1955)
                             (Marine Corps)
30 Sep 2019 -             
Mark A. Milley (Army)              (b. 1958)


National Guard Bureau

[National Guard Bureau
                      flag (U.S.)] NGB Flag
[Positional
                      Color, Office of the Chief, National Guard Bureau
                      1998-2008]
Chief's Flag 1998 - 2008
[Positional Color, Office
                      of the Chief, National Guard Bureau] Chief's Flag Adopted 2008

National Guard Bureau

21 Jan 1903                Section of Militia Affairs within the Adjutant
                             General's office.
12 Feb 1908                Division of Militia Affairs within the War Department.
 3 Jun 1916                Renamed Militia Bureau of the War Department.
15 Jun 1933                National Guard Bureau
 1 Oct 1948                Made a Bureau of the Department of the Army and 
                             an agency of the Department of the Air Force.
10 Jul 1959                Made a joint Bureau of the Departments of the
                             Army and Air Force.

Head of the Section of Militia Affairs
21 Jan 1903 - 13 Feb 1908  James Parker                       (b. 1854 - d. 1934)
Chiefs of the Division of Militia Affairs
14 Feb 1908 - 14 Mar 1911  Erasmus Morgan Weaver, Jr.         (b. 1854 - d. 1920)
15 Mar 1911 - 31 Aug 1912  Robert Kennon Evans                (b. 1852 - d. 1926)
 1 Sep 1912 - 18 Sep 1916  Albert Leopold Mills               (b. 1854 - d. 1916)
Chiefs of the Militia Bureau
26 Oct 1916 - 26 Nov 1917  William Abram Mann                 (b. 1854 - d. 1934)
26 Nov 1917 - 15 Aug 1918  Jesse McIlvaine Carter             (b. 1863 - d. 1930)
29 Jun 1921 - 28 Jun 1925  George C. Rickards                 (b. 1860 - d. 1933)
29 Jun 1925 - 28 Jun 1929  Creed Cheshire Hammond             (b. 1874 - d. 1940)
29 Jun 1929 - 30 Sep 1929  Ernest R. Redmond (acting)         (b. 1883 - d. 1966)
 1 Oct 1929 - 30 Nov 1931  William G. Everson                 (b. 1879 - d. 1954)
 1 Dec 1931 - 15 Jun 1933  George E. Leach                    (b. 1876 - d. 1955)
Chiefs of the National Guard Bureau
15 Jun 1933 - 30 Nov 1935  George E. Leach                    (s.a.)
 1 Dec 1935 - 16 Jan 1936  Harold J. Weiler (acting)          (b. 1886 - d. 1945)
17 Jan 1936 - 30 Jan 1936  John F. Williams (1st time)(acting)(b. 1887 - d. 1953)
31 Jan 1936 - 30 Jan 1940  Albert Hazen Blanding              (b. 1876 - d. 1970)
31 Jan 1940 - 31 Jan 1946  John F. Williams (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                             (acting from 31 Jan 1944)
 1 Feb 1946 - 29 Sep 1947  Butler B. Miltonberger             (b. 1896 - d. 1977)
30 Sep 1947 -  4 Sep 1950  Kenneth F. Cramer                  (b. 1894 - d. 1954)
 5 Sep 1950 - 15 Feb 1953  Raymond H. Fleming                 (b. 1889 - d. 1974)
                             (acting to 13 Aug 1951)
16 Feb 1953 - 21 Jun 1953  Earl T. Ricks (acting)             (b. 1908 - d. 1954)
22 Jun 1953 - 31 May 1959  Edgar C. Erickson                  (b. 1896 - d. 1989)
 1 Jun 1959 - 19 Jul 1959  Winston P. Wilson (1st time)       (b. 1911 - d. 1996)
                             (acting) 
20 Jul 1959 - 30 Aug 1963  Donald Wilson McGowan              (b. 1898 - d. 1967)
31 Aug 1963 - 31 Aug 1971  Winston P. Wilson (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Sep 1971 - 23 Jun 1974  Francis S. Greenlief               (b. 1921 - d. 1999)
 1 Jul 1974 - 15 Aug 1982  LaVern E. Weber                    (b. 1923 - d. 1999)
                             (acting to 16 Aug 1974)
16 Aug 1982 - 15 Aug 1986  Emmett H. Walker, Jr.              (b. 1924 - d. 2007)
16 Aug 1986 - 31 Jan 1990  Herbert R. Temple, Jr.             (b. 1928)
 1 Feb 1990 -  1 Dec 1993  John B. Conaway                    (b. 1934)
 1 Jan 1994 - 31 Jul 1994  Raymond F. Rees (1st time)         (b. 1944)
                             (acting)
 1 Oct 1994 - 31 Jul 1998  Edward D. Baca                     (b. 1938)
31 Jul 1998 -  3 Aug 2002  Russell C. Davis                   (b. 1938)
                             (acting to 4 Aug 1998)
 4 Aug 2002 - 10 Apr 2003  Raymond F. Rees (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                             (acting)
11 Apr 2003 - 17 Nov 2008  H. Steven Blum                     (b. 1946)
17 Nov 2008 - 
7 Sep 2012  Craig R. McKinley                  (b. 1952)
 7 Sep 2012 -  3 Aug 2016  Frank J. Grass                     (b. 1951)
 3 Aug 2016 -  3 Aug 2020  Joseph L. Lengyel                  (b. 1959)
 3 Aug 2020 -              Daniel R. Hokanson                 (b. 1963)


Department of the Army

[Secretary of War Department 1903-1947;
                      Secretary of Army flag 1947-1956 (U.S.)] 1903 - 12 Jun 1956 [U.S. Army outdoor flag] Adopted 12 Jun 1956

U.S.  Army

12 Jun 1776                Board of War and Ordnance of the Continental Congress.
17 Oct 1777                Board of War
 7 Feb 1781                War Office
 7 Aug 1789                War Department established.
18 Sep 1947                War Department becomes the Department of the Army, a
                             branch of the Department of Defense.

President of the Board of War and Ordnance
13 Jun 1776 - 17 Oct 1777  John Adams                         (b. 1735 - d. 1826)
Presidents of the Board of War
17 Oct 1777 - 27 Nov 1777  John Adams                         (s.a.)
27 Nov 1777 - 30 Oct 1781  Horatio Gates                      (b. 1727 - d. 1806)
Secretaries at War
30 Oct 1781 - 29 Oct 1783  Benjamin Lincoln                   (b. 1733 - d. 1810)
 4 Nov 1783 -  8 Mar 1785  Joseph Carleton (acting)           (b. 1754 - d. 1812)
 8 Mar 1785 - 12 Sep 1789  Henry Knox                         (b. 1750 - d. 1806)
Secretaries of War
12 Sep 1789 - 31 Dec 1794  Henry Knox                         (s.a.)
 2 Jan 1795 - 27 Jan 1796  Timothy Pickering                  (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
27 Jan 1796 -  1 Jun 1800  James McHenry                      (b. 1753 - d. 1816)
 1 Jun
1800 - 12 Jun 1800  Benjamin Stoddert (acting)         (b. 1751 - d. 1813)
12 Jun 1800 - 31 Jan 1801  Samuel Dexter                      (b. 1761 - d. 1816)
 3 Feb 1801 -  4 Mar 1801  Roger Griswold (acting)            (b. 1762 - d. 1812)
 5 Mar 1801 - 16 Feb 1809  Henry Dearborn                     (b. 1751 - d. 1829)
17 Feb 1809 -  7 Mar 1809  John A. Smith (acting)             (b. 1773? - d. 1811)
 7 Mar 1809 - 31 Dec 1812  William Eustis                     (b. 1753 - d. 1825)
 
1 Jan 1813 -  5 Feb 1813  James Monroe (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1758 - d. 1831)
 5 Feb 1813 - 27 Sep 1814  John Armstrong, Jr.                (b. 1758 - d. 1843)
27 Sep 1814 -  2 Mar 1815  James Monroe (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                            
(acting to 1 Oct 1814)
 2 Mar 1815 -  1 Aug 1815  Alexander J. Dallas (acting)       (b. 1759 - d. 1817)

 1 Aug 1815 - 22 Oct 1816  William Harris Crawford            (b. 1772 - d. 1834)
22 Oct 1816 -  8 Oct 1817  George Graham (acting)             (b. 1772 - d. 1830)
 
8 Oct 1817 -  7 Mar 1825  John Caldwell Calhoun              (b. 1782 - d. 1850)
 7 Mar 1825 - 24 May 1828  James Barbour                      (b. 1775 - d. 1842)
26 May 1828 - 20 Jun 1828  Samuel L. S
outhard (acting)        (b. 1787 - d. 1842)
21 Jun 1828 -  9 Mar 1829  Peter B. Porter                    (b. 1773 - d. 1844)
 9 Mar 1829 - 18
Jun 1831  John Henry Eaton                   (b. 1790 - d. 1856)
18 Jun 1831 - 21 Jul 1831  Philip G. Randolph (acting)        (b. 1801 - d. 1836)
21 Jul 1831 -  8 Aug 1831  Roger B. Taney (acting)            (b. 1777 - d. 1864)
 8 Aug 1831 -  5 Oct 1836  Lewis Cass                         (b. 1782 - d. 1866)
 
5 Oct 1836 - 26 Oct 1836  Carey A. Harris (acting)           (b. 1806 - d. 1842)
25 Oct 1836 -  7 Mar 1837  Benjamin F. Butler (acting)        (b. 1795 - d. 1858)
 
7 Mar 1837 -  5 Mar 1841  Joel Roberts Poinsett              (b. 1779 - d. 1851)
 
5 Mar 1841 - 13 Sep 1841  John Bell                          (b. 1797 - d. 1869)
13 Sep 1841 - 12 Oct 1841  Albert Miller Lea (acting)         (b. 1809 - d. 1891)
12 Oct 1841 -  3 Mar 1843  John Cranfield Spencer             (b. 1788 - d. 1858)
 8 Mar 1843 - 14 Feb 1844  James Madison Porter               (b. 1793 - d. 1862)
15 Feb 1844 -  4 Mar 1845  William Wilkins                    (b. 1779 - d. 1865)
 
6 Mar 1845 -  8 Mar 1849  William Learned Marcy              (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
 
8 Mar 1849 - 14 Mar 1849  Reverdy Johnson (acting)           (b. 1796 - d. 1876)
14 Mar 1849 - 23 Jul 1850  George Walker Crawford             (b. 1798 - d. 1872)
23 Jul 1850 - 24 Jul 1850  Samuel J. Anderson (acting)        (d. 1874) 
24 Jul 1850 - 15 Aug 1850  Winfield Scott (acting)            (b. 1786 - d. 1866)
15 Aug 1850 -  7 Mar 1853  Charles Magill Conrad              (b. 1804 - d. 1878)
 7 Mar 1853 -  3 Mar 1857  Jefferson Davis                    (b. 1808 - d. 1889)
 3
Mar 1857 -  6 Mar 1857  Samuel Cooper (acting)             (b. 1798 - d. 1876)
 6 Mar 1857 -
29 Dec 1860  John Buchanan Floyd                (b. 1806 - d. 1863)
29 Dec 1860
-  4 Mar 1861  Joseph Holt                        (b. 1807 - d. 1849)
                             (acting to 18 Jan 1861)
 5 Mar 1861 - 15 Jan 1862  Simon Cameron                      (b. 1799 - d. 1889)
15 Jan 1862 - 20 Jan 1862  Thomas Alexander Scott (acting)    (b. 1823 - d. 1881)
20 Jan 1862 - 28 May 1868  Edwin McMasters Stanton            (b. 1814 - d. 1869)
                             (suspended by President Johnson 12 Aug 1867 - 13 Jan 1868)
12 Aug 1867 - 13 Jan 1868  Ulysses S. Grant (acting)          (b. 1822 - d. 1885)

 1 Jun 1868 - 13 Mar 1869  John McAllister Schofield          (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
13 Mar 1869 -  6 Sep 1869  John A. Rawlins                    (b. 1831 - d. 1869)
 
6 Sep 1869 - 25 Oct 1869  William Tecumseh Sherman (acting)  (b. 1820 - d. 1891)
25 Oct
1869 -  2 Mar 1876  William Worth Belknap              (b. 1829 - d. 1890)
 2 Mar 1876 -  8 Mar 1876  George Maxwell Robeson (acting)    (b. 1829 - d. 1897)
 8 Mar 1876 - 22 May 1876  Alphonso Taft                      (b. 1810 - d. 1891)
22 May
1876 - 12 Mar 1877  James Donald Cameron               (b. 1833 - d. 1918)
12 Mar 1877 - 10 Dec 1879  George Washington McCrary          (b. 1835 - d. 1890)
10 Dec 1879 -  5 Mar 1881  Alexander Ramsey                   (b. 1815 - d. 1903)
 
5 Mar 1881 -  5 Mar 1885  Robert Todd Lincoln                (b. 1843 - d. 1926)
 
5 Mar 1885 -  5 Mar 1889  William C. Endicott                (b. 1826 - d. 1900)
 
5 Mar 1889 -  5 Nov 1891  Redfield Proctor                   (b. 1831 - d. 1908)
 
5 Nov 1891 - 17 Dec 1891  Lewis A. Grant (acting)            (b. 1828 - d. 1918)
17 Dec 1891 -  5 Mar 1893  Stephen B. Elkins                  (b. 1841 - d. 1911)
 
5 Mar 1893 -  5 Mar 1897  Daniel Scott Lamont                (b. 1851 - d. 1905)
 
5 Mar 1897 -  1 Aug 1899  Russel Alexander Alger             (b. 1836 - d. 1907)
 1 Aug 1899 - 31 Jan 1904  Elihu Root                         (b. 1854 - d. 1937)
 1 Feb 1904 - 30 Jun 1908  William Howard Taft                (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
 1 Jul 1908 - 11 Mar 1909  Luke Edward Wright                 (b. 1846 - d. 1922)
12
Mar 1909 - 21 May 1911  Jacob McGavock Dickinson           (b. 1851 - d. 1928)
22 May 1911 -  4 Mar 1913  Henry Lewis Stimson (1st time)     (b. 1867 - d. 1950)
 5 Mar 1913 - 10 Feb 1916  Lindley Miller Garrison            (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
10 Feb 1916 -  9 Mar 1916  Hugh L. Scott (acting)             (b. 1853 - d. 1934)
 9 Mar 1916 -  4 Mar 1921  Newton Diehl Baker                 (b. 1871 - d. 1937)
 5 Mar 1921 - 13 Oct 1925  John Wingate Weeks                 (b. 1860 - d. 1926)
14 Oct 1925 -  5 Mar 1929  Dwight Filley Davis                (b. 1879 - d. 1945)
 6 Mar 1929 - 18 Nov 1929  James William Good                 (b. 1866 - d. 1929)
18 Nov
1929 -  3 Mar 1933  Patrick Jay Hurley                 (b. 1883 - d. 1963)
                             (acting to 9 Dec 1929)
 4 Mar 1933 - 27 Aug 1936  George Henry Dern                  (b. 1862 - d. 1936)
27 Aug 1936 - 20 Jun 1940  Harry H. Woodring                  (b. 1890 - d. 1967)
                             (acting to 25 Sep 1936)
20 Jun 1940 - 10 Jul 1940  Louis A. Johnson (acting)          (b. 1891 - d. 1936)
10 Jul 1940 - 21 Sep 1945  Henry Lewis Stimson (2nd time)     (s.a.)

21 Sep 1945 - 18 Jul 1947  Robert Porter Patterson            (b. 1891 - d. 1952)
                            
(acting to 27 Sep 1945)
19 Jul 1947 - 17 Sep 1947  Kenneth Claiborne Royall           (b. 1894 - d. 1971)
Secretaries of the Army
18 Sep 1947 - 27 Apr 1949  Kenneth Claiborne Royall           (s.a.)
28 Apr 1949 - 12 Apr 1950  Gordon Gray                        (b. 1909 - d. 1982)
                             (acting to 19 Jun 1949)
12 Apr 1950 - 20 Jan 1953  Frank Pace, Jr.                    (b. 1912 - d. 1988)
20 Jan 1953 -  4 Feb 1953  Earl D. Johnson (acting)           (b. 1905 - d. 1990)
 4 Feb 1953 - 21 Jul 1955  Robert TenBroek Stevens            (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
21 Jul 1955 - 20 Jan 1961  Wilber Marion Brucker              (b. 1894 - d. 1968)
20 Jan 1961 - 24 Jan 1961  .... (acting)
24 Jan 1961 - 30 Jun 1962  Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr.             (b. 1916 - d. 1998)
30 Jun 1962 -  5 Jul 1962  Stephen Ailes (1st time)(acting)   (b. 1912 - d. 2001)
 5 Jul 1962 - 21 Jan 1964  Cyrus Roberts Vance                (b. 1917 - d. 2002)
28 Jan 1964 -  1 Jul 1965  Stephen Ailes (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 2 Jul 1965 - 30 Jun 1971  Stanley R. Resor                   (b. 1917 - d. 2012)
 1 Jul 1971 - 14 May 1973  Robert F. Froehlke                 (b. 1922 - d. 2016)
15 May 1973 -  3 Jul 1975  Howard "Bo" H. Callaway            (b. 1927 - d. 2014)
 3 Jul 1975 -  5 Aug 1975  Norman R. Augustine (acting)       (b. 1935)
 5 Aug 1975 - 13 Feb 1977  Martin R. Hoffmann                 (b. 1932 - d. 2014)

14 Feb 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Clifford L. Alexander, Jr.         (b. 1933)
21 Jan 1981 - 29 Jan 1981  Percy A. Pierre (acting)           (b. 1939)
29 Jan 1981 - 14 Aug 1989  John O. Marsh, Jr.                 (b. 1926 - d. 2019)
14 Aug 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Michael P.W. Stone                 (b. 1925 - d. 1995)
20 Jan 1993 - 26 Aug 1993  John W. Shannon, Sr. (acting)      (b. 1933 - d. 2017)
27 Aug 1993 - 21 Nov 1993  Gordon R. Sullivan (acting)        (b. 1937)

22 Nov 1993 -  2 Jan 1998  Togo D. West, Jr.                  (b. 1942 - d. 2018)
 2 Jan 1998 -  2 Jul 1998  Robert M. Walker (acting)          (b. 1949)
 2 Jul 1998 - 20 Jan 2001  Louis Caldera                      (b. 1956)
20 Jan 2001 -  4 Mar 2001  Gregory R. Dahlberg (acting)       (b. 1951)
 5 Mar 2001 - 31 May 2001  Joseph W. Westphal (acting)        (b. 1948)
31 May 2001 -  9 May 2003  Thomas E. White                    (b. 1943)
 9 May 2003 - 19 Nov 2004  Les Brownlee (acting)              (b. 1939)
19 Nov 2004 -  9 Mar 2007  Francis J. Harvey                  (b. 1944)
 9 Mar 2007 - 21 Sep 2009  Preston "Pete" M. Geren            (b. 1952)
                             (acting to 13 Jul 2007)
21 Sep 2009 - 31 Oct 2015  John M. McHugh                     (b. 1948)
 3 Nov 2015 - 11 Jan 2016  Eric K. Fanning (1st time)(acting) (b. 1968)
11 Jan 2016 - 18 May 2016  Patrick J. Murphy (acting)         (b. 1973)
18 May 2016 - 20 Jan 2017 
Eric K. Fanning (2nd time)         (s.a.)
20 Jan 2017 -  2 Aug 2017  Robert M. Speer (acting)           (b. 1956)
 2 Aug 2017 - 20 Nov 2017  Ryan D. McCarthy (1st time)(acting)(b. 1973?) 
20 Nov 2017 -
24 Jun 2019  Mark T. Esper (1st time)           (b. 1964)
24 Jun 2019 - 15 Jul 2019 
Ryan D. McCarthy (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
15 Jul 2019 - 23 Jul 2019  Mark T. Esper (2nd time)           (s.a.)
23 Jul 2019 -              Ryan D. McCarthy (3rd time)        (s.a.)
                             (acting to 30 Sep 2019)

Army
 

[flag of Chief of Staff
                        of the Army (U.S.)]
Army Chief of Staff Flag

19 Jun 1775                Post of Commanding General is created by the 
                             Continental Congress.
 9 Aug 1903                Post replaced by that of Chief of Staff of the Army.

Continental Army General and Commander-in-chief
15 Jun 1775 - 23 Dec 1783  George Washington                  (b. 1732 - d. 1799)
Senior Officers
23 Dec 1783 - 20 Jun 1784  Henry Knox                         (b. 1750 - d. 1806)
20 Jun 1784 - 12 Aug 1784  John Doughty                       (b. 1754 - d. 1826) 
12 Aug 1784 -  4 Mar 1791  Josiah Harmar                      (b. 1753 - d. 1813)
 4 Mar 1791 -  5 Mar 1792  Arthur St. Clair                   (b. 1763 - d. 1818)
13 Apr 1792 - 15 Dec 1796  Anthony Wayne                      (b. 1745 - d. 1786)
15 Dec 1796 - 13 Jul 1798  James Wilkinson (1st time)         (b. 1757 - d. 1825)
13 Jul 1798 - 14 Dec 1799  George Washington                  (s.a.)
14 Dec 1799 - 15 Jun 1800  Alexander Hamilton                 (b. 1757 - d. 1804)
15 Jun 1800 - 27 Jan 1812  James Wilkinson (2nd time)         (s.a.)
27 Jan 1812 - 15 Jun 1815  Henry Dearborn                     (b. 1751 - d. 1829)
15 Jun 1815 -  1 Jun 1821  Jacob Jennings Brown               (b. 1775 - d. 1828)
Commanding Generals of the Army
 1 Jun 1821 - 24 Feb 1828  Jacob Jennings Brown               (s.a.) 
29 May 1828 - 25 Jun 1841  Alexander Macomb                   (b. 1782 - d. 1841)
 5 Jul 1841 -  1 Nov 1861  Winfield Scott                     (b. 1786 - d. 1866)
 1 Nov 1861 - 11 Mar 1862  George Brinton McClellan           (b. 1826 - d. 1885)
23 Jul 1862 -  9 Mar 1864  Henry Wagner Halleck               (b. 1815 - d. 1872)
 9 Mar 1864 -  4 Mar 1869  Ulysses S. Grant                   (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
 8 Mar 1869 -  1 Nov 1883  William Tecumseh Sherman           (b. 1820 - d. 1891)
 1 Nov 1883 -  5 Aug 1888  Philip Henry Sheridan              (b. 1831 - d. 1888)
14 Aug 1888 - 29 Sep 1895  John McAllister Schofield          (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
 5 Oct 1895 -  8 Aug 1903  Nelson Appleton Miles              (b. 1839 - d. 1925)
 8 Aug 1903 - 15 Aug 1903  Samuel Baldwin Marks Young         (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
Chiefs of Staff of the Army

15 Aug 1903 -  8 Jan 1904  Samuel Baldwin Marks Young         (s.a.)
 9 Jan 1904 - 14 Jan 1906  Adna Romanza Chaffee               (b. 1842 - d. 1914)
15 Jan 1906 - 13 Apr 1906  John Coalter Bates                 (b. 1842 - d. 1919)
14 Apr 1906 - 21 Apr 1910  James Franklin Bell                (b. 1856 - d. 1919)
22 Apr 1910 - 20 Apr 1914  Leonard Wood                       (b. 1860 - d. 1927)
21 Apr 1914 - 15 Nov 1914  William Wallace Wotherspoon        (b. 1850 - d. 1921)
16 Nov 1914 - 21 Sep 1917  Hugh Lenox Scott                   (b. 1853 - d. 1934)
22 Sep 1917 - 18 May 1918  Tasker Howard Bliss                (b. 1853 - d. 1930)
19 May 1918 - 30 Jun 1921  Peyton Conway March                (b. 1864 - d. 1955)
 1 Jul 1921 - 13 Sep 1924  John Joseph Pershing               (b. 1860 - d. 1948)
14 Sep 1924 - 20 Nov 1926  John Leonard Hines                 (b. 1868 - d. 1968)
21 Nov 1926 - 20 Nov 1930  Charles Pelot Summerall            (b. 1867 - d. 1955)
21 Nov 1930 -  1 Oct 1935  Douglas MacArthur                  (b. 1880 - d. 1964)
 2 Oct 1935 - 31 Aug 1939  Malin Craig                        (b. 1875 - d. 1945)
 1 Sep 1939 - 18 Nov 1945  George Catlett Marshall            (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
19 Nov 1945 -  7 Feb 1948  Dwight David Eisenhower            (b. 1890 - d. 1969)
 7 Feb 1948 - 16 Aug 1949  Omar Nelson Bradley                (b. 1893 - d. 1981)
16 Aug 1949 - 15 Aug 1953  Joseph Lawton Collins              (b. 1896 - d. 1987)
16 Aug 1953 - 30 Jun 1955  Matthew Bunker Ridgway             (b. 1895 - d. 1993)
30 Jun 1955 - 30 Jun 1959  Maxwell Davenport Taylor           (b. 1901 - d. 1987)
 1 Jul 1959 - 30 Sep 1960  Lyman Louis Lemnitzer              (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
 1 Oct 1960 - 30 Sep 1962  George Henry Decker                (b. 1902 - d. 1980)
 1 Oct 1962 -  2 Jul 1964  Earle Gilmore Wheeler              (b. 1908 - d. 1975)
 3 Jul 1964 -  2 Jul 1968  Harold Keith Johnson               (b. 1912 - d. 1983)
 3 Jul 1968 - 30 Jun 1972  William Childs Westmoreland        (b. 1914 - d. 2005)
 1 Jul 1972 - 11 Oct 1972  Bruce Palmer, Jr. (acting)         (b. 1913 - d. 2000)
12 Oct 1972 -  4 Sep 1974  Creighton William Abrams, Jr.      (b. 1914 - d. 1974)
 4 Sep 1974 - 30 Sep 1976  Frederick Carlton Weyand           (b. 1916 - d. 2010)
                             (acting to 3 Oct 1974)
 1 Oct 1976 - 21 Jun 1979  Bernard William Rogers             (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
22 Jun 1979 - 21 Jun 1983  Edward Charles "Shy" Meyer         (b. 1928 - d. 2020)
23 Jun 1983 - 23 Jun 1987  John Adams Wickham, Jr.            (b. 1928)
23 Jun 1987 - 21 Jun 1991  Carl Edward Vuono                  (b. 1934)
21 Jun 1991 - 20 Jun 1995  Gordon Russell Sullivan            (b. 1937)
20 Jun 1995 - 22 Jun 1999  Dennis Joe Reimer                  (b. 1939)
22 Jun 1999 - 11 Jun 2003  Eric Ken Shinseki                  (b. 1942)
11 Jun 2003 -  1 Aug 2003  John M. Keane (acting)             (b. 1943)
 1 Aug 2003 - 10 Apr 2007  Peter J. Schoomaker                (b. 1946)
10 Apr 2007 - 11 Apr 2011  George William Casey, Jr.          (b. 1948)
11 Apr 2011 -  7 Sep 2011  Martin E. Dempsey                  (b. 1952)
 7 Sep 2011 - 14 Aug 2015  Raymond T. Odierno                 (b. 1954)
14 Aug 2015 - 
9 Aug 2019  Mark A. Milley                     (b. 1958)
 9 Aug 2019 -              James C. McConville                (b. 1959)

Army Corps of Engineers

[U.S. Army Corps of Engineers -
                      Organizational Color]
ACE Organizational Color
[U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Vessel Flag]
Adopted 6 Apr 1897 Vessel Flag

U.S.  Army Corps of Engineers

16 Jun 1775                Post of Chief Engineer of the Continental Army
                             created.
11 Mar 1779                Continental Army Corps of Engineers formed.
26 Feb 1783                Disbanded.
 9 May 1794                Corps of Artillerists and Engineers
16 Mar 1802                Army Corps of Engineers re-established.
 1 Aug 1818                Separate Topographical Bureau of the War Department.
 7 Jul 1838                Separate Corps of Topographical Engineers.
 3 Mar 1863                Both fully integrated into the Corps of Engineers.

Chief Engineers of the Continental Army
17 Jun 1775 -  5 Aug 1776  Richard Gridley                    (b. 1710 - d. 1796)
 5 Aug 1776 -  1 Dec 1776  Rufus Putnam                       (b. 1738 - d. 1824)
22 Jul 1777 - 10 Oct 1783  Louis Lebègue Duportail            (b. 1743 - d. 1802)
10 Oct 1783 - 26 Feb 1795  Post abolished
Commandants of the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers
26 Feb 1795 -  7 May 1798  Stephen Rochefontaine              (b. 1755 - d. 1814) 
 7 May 1798 -  1 Apr 1802  Henry Burbeck                      (b. 1754 - d. 1848)
Chief Engineers
 1 Apr 1802 - 31 Jul 1812  Jonathan Williams                  (b. 1750 - d. 1815)
31 Jul 1812 - 12 Nov 1818  Joseph Gardner Swift               (b. 1783 - d. 1865)
12 Nov 1818 -  1 Jun 1821  Walker Keith Armistead             (b. 1785 - d. 1845)
 1 Jun 1821 - 24 May 1828  Alexander Macomb                   (b. 1782 - d. 1841)
24 May 1828 -  6 Dec 1838  Charles Gratiot                    (b. 1786 - d. 1855)
 7 Dec 1838 - 22 Apr 1864  Joseph Gilbert Totten              (b. 1788 - d. 1864)
Chiefs of the Topographical Bureau
 1 Aug 1818 - 15 Jan 1829  Issac Roberdeau                    (b. 1763 - d. 1829)
31 Jan 1829 - 11 Apr 1861  John James Abert                   (b. 1788 - d. 1863)
11 Apr 1861 -  9 Sep 1861  Hartman Bache                      (b. 1798 - d. 1872) 
 9 Sep 1861 -  5 Dec 1862  Stephen H. Long                    (b. 1784 - d. 1864)
 5 Dec 1862 -  3 Mar 1863  Israel C. Woodruff                 (b. 1815 - d. 1878)
Chiefs of the Corps of Topographical Engineers
 7 Jul 1838 -  9 Sep 1861  John James Abert                   (s.a.)
11 Apr 1861 - 11 Dec 1861  Hartman Bache                      (s.a.) 
12 Dec 1861 -  3 Mar 1863  Stephen H. Long                    (s.a.)
Chief of Engineers and Commanding Generals of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
22 Apr 1864 -  8 Aug 1866  Richard Delafield                  (b. 1798 - d. 1873)
 8 Aug 1866 - 30 Jun 1879  Andrew Atkinson Humphreys          (b. 1810 - d. 1883)
30 Jun 1879 -  6 Mar 1884  Horation Gouverneur Wright         (b. 1820 - d. 1899)
 6 Mar 1884 - 27 Aug 1886  John Newton                        (b. 1823 - d. 1899)
11 Oct 1886 - 30 Jun 1888  James Catham Duane                 (b. 1824 - d. 1897)
 6 Jul 1888 - 10 May 1895  Thomas Lincoln Casey               (b. 1831 - d. 1896)
10 May 1895 -  1 Feb 1897  William Price Craighill            (b. 1833 - d. 1906)
 1 Feb 1897 - 30 Apr 1901  John Moulder Wilson                (b. 1837 - d. 1919)
30 Apr 1901 -  2 May 1901  Henry Martyn Robert                (b. 1837 - d. 1923)
 2 May 1901 -  3 May 1901  John Whitney Barlow                (b. 1838 - d. 1914)
 3 May 1901 - 22 Jan 1904  George Lewis Gillespie, Jr.        (b. 1841 - d. 1913)
23 Jan 1904 - 25 May 1908  Alexander Mackenzie                (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
 2 Jul 1908 - 11 Jun 1910  William Louis Marshall             (b. 1846 - d. 1920)
12 Jun 1910 - 11 Aug 1913  William Herbert Bixby              (b. 1849 - d. 1928)
12 Aug 1913 - 11 Oct 1913  William Trent Rossell              (b. 1849 - d. 1919)
12 Oct 1913 -  6 Mar 1916  Dan Christie Kingman               (b. 1852 - d. 1916)
 7 Mar 1916 - 31 Oct 1919  William Murray Black               (b. 1855 - d. 1933)
10 Feb 1920 - 18 Jun 1924  Lansing Hoskins Beach              (b. 1860 - d. 1945)
19 Jun 1924 - 26 Jun 1926  Harry Taylor                       (b. 1862 - d. 1930)
27 Jun 1926 -  6 Aug 1929  Edgar Jadwin                       (b. 1865 - d. 1931)
 1 Oct 1929 -  1 Oct 1933  Lytle Brown                        (b. 1872 - d. 1951)
 1 Oct 1933 - 18 Oct 1937  Edward Murphy Markham              (b. 1877 - d. 1950)
18 Oct 1937 -  1 Oct 1941  Julian Larcombe Schley             (b. 1880 - d. 1965)
 1 Oct 1941 - 30 Sep 1945  Eugene Reybold                     (b. 1884 - d. 1961)
 4 Oct 1945 - 28 Feb 1949  Raymond A. Wheeler                 (b. 1885 - d. 1974)
 1 Mar 1949 - 26 Jan 1953  Lewis A. Pick                      (b. 1880 - d. 1956)
17 Mar 1953 - 30 Sep 1956  Samuel D. Sturgis, Jr.             (b. 1897 - d. 1964)
 1 Oct 1956 - 27 Mar 1961  Emerson C. Itschner                (b. 1903 - d. 1995)
19 May 1961 -  1 Jul 1965  Walter K. Wilson, Jr.              (b. 1906 - d. 1985)
 1 Jul 1965 - 31 Jul 1969  William F. Cassidy                 (b. 1908 - d. 2002)
 1 Aug 1969 - 31 Jul 1973  Frederick J. Clarke                (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
 1 Aug 1973 - 30 Jun 1976  William C. Gribble, Jr.            (b. 1917 - d. 1979)
 1 Jul 1976 - 30 Sep 1980  John W. Morris                     (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
 1 Oct 1980 - 14 Sep 1984  Joseph K. Bratton                  (b. 1926 - d. 2007)
14 Sep 1984 - 31 May 1988  Elvin R. Heiberg III               (b. 1932 - d. 2013)
17 Jun 1988 -  4 Jun 1992  Henry J. Hatch                     (b. 1935)
24 Aug 1992 - 30 Jun 1996  Arthur E. Williams                 (b. 1938)
 1 Oct 1996 -  2 Aug 2000  Joe N. Ballard                     (b. 1942)
23 Oct 2000 -  1 Jul 2004  Robert B. Flowers                  (b. 1947)
 1 Jul 2004 - 18 May 2007  Carl A. Strock                     (b. 1948)
18 May 2007 - 17 Jun 2011 
Robert L. Van Antwerp, Jr.         (b. 1950)
17 Jun 2011 - 22 May 2012  Merdith W.B. "Bo" Temple (acting)  (b. 1954)
22 May 2012 - 19 May 2016  Thomas P. Bostick                  (b. 1956)
19 May 2016 -              Todd T. Semonite                   (b. 1957)

Women's Army Corps (WAC)

15 May 1942                Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC).
 1 Jul 1943                Women's Army Corps (WAC).
28 Apr 1978                WAC disestablished, women integrated into regular Army.

Directors
16 May 1942 - 11 Jul 1945  Oveta Culp Hobby (f)               (b. 1905 - d. 1995)
12 Jul 1945 -  4 Mar 1947  Westray Battle Boyce (f)           (b. 1901 - d. 1972)
 5 Mar 1947 -  2 Jan 1953  Mary A. Hallaren (f)               (b. 1907 - d. 2005)
                             (acting to 6 May 1947)
 3 Jan 1953 -  2 Jan 1957  Irene Otillia Galloway (f)         (b. 1908 - d. 1963)
 3 Jan 1957 - 31 Jul 1962  Mary Louise Milligan Rasmuson (f)  (b. 1911 - d. 2012) 
 1 Aug 1962 - 31 Jul 1966  Emily C. Gorman (f)                (b. 1909 - d. 2005)
 1 Aug 1966 - 31 Jul 1971  Elizabeth P. Hoisington (f)        (b. 1918 - d. 2007)
 1 Aug 1971 - 31 Jul 1975  Mildred Inez Caroon Bailey (f)     (b. 1919 - d. 2009)
 1 Aug 1975 - 28 Apr 1978  Mary Elizabeth Clarke (f)          (b. 1924 - d. 2011)


Department of the Navy

[Flag of Secretary of Navy Department
                      1874-1959 (U.S.)]
4 Jul 1874 - 24 Apr 1959
[U.S. Navy Outdoor flag] Adopted 24 Apr 1959

U.S. Navy

13 Oct 1775                Marine Committee of the Continental Congress established along
                             with the
Continental Navy (subordinated to Continental Army).
28 Oct 1779                Continental Board of Admiralty (in operation from 8 Dec 1779).
 
7 Feb 1781                Marine Department
 3 Jun 1785                
Disbanded, duties turned over the Board of Treasury.
 1 Aug 1785                Last
Continental Naval vessel (the frigate Alliance) sold.
 
7 Aug 1789 - 30 Apr 1798  Secretary of War assigned the duties related to naval affairs.
30 Apr 1798                Navy Department established as a cabinet post.
18 Sep 1947                Becomes a branch of the Department of Defense.

Chairmen of the Continental Naval Committee
13 Oct 1775 - Dec 1775     John Adams                         (b. 1735 - d. 1826)
Jan 1776 - 25 Jan 1776     Stephen Hopkins                    (b. 1707 - d. 1785)
Chairmen of the Continental Marine Committee
25 Jan 1776 - 1776         Stephen Hopkins                    (s.a.)

1776 - 1777                John Hancock                       (b. 1737 - d. 1793)
1777 - 1778                Henry Laurens                      (b. 1723 - d. 1792)
1778 - Dec 1778            Richard Henry Lee                  (b. 1732 - d. 1794)
Dec 1778 - Jun 1779        John Adams                         (s.a.)
Jun 1779 -  8 Dec 1779     William Whipple, Jr.               (b. 1730 - d. 1785)
Chairman of the Continental Board of Admiralty

 
8 Dec 1779 - 17 Jul 1781  Francis Lewis                      (b. 1713 - d. 1802)
11 Jan 1781 - 17 Jul 1781  James Reed (acting)
Secretary of Marine

 7 Feb 1781 – 29 Aug 1781  Alexander McDougall                (b. 1731 - d. 1786)

                             (declined appointment)
17 Jul 1781 -  1 Nov 1784  Robert Morris (acting)
            (b. 1734 - d. 1806)
                             (from 8 Sep 1781,
Agent of Marine)
 
1 Nov 1784 -  3 Jun 1785  James Reed (acting, de facto)
 3 Jun 1785 -  3 May 1798  Post abolished
Secretaries
of the Navy
 
3 May 1798 - 18 Jun 1798  George Cabot (did not take office) (b. 1752 - d. 1823)
18 Jun 1798 - 31 Mar 1801  Benjamin Stoddert                  (b. 1751 - d. 1813)
31 Mar 1801 - 26 Jul 1801  Henry Dearborn (acting)            (b. 1751 - d. 1829)
27 Jul 1801 -  7 Mar 1809  Robert Smith                       (b. 1757 - d. 1842)
 8 Mar 1809 - 15 May 1809  Charles W. Goldsborough (1st time) (b. 1779 - d. 1843)
                             (acting)
15 May 1809 - 31 Dec 1812  Paul Hamilton                      (b. 1762 - d. 1816)
 7 Jan 1813 - 18 Jan 1813  Charles W. Goldsborough (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)
19 Jan 1813 -  1 Dec 1814  William Jones                      (b. 1760 - d. 1831)
 2 Dec 1814 – 16 Jan 1815  Benjamin Homans (acting)           (b. 1765 - d. 1823)
16 Jan 1815 - 30 Sep 1818  Benjamin William Crowninshield     (b. 1772 - d. 1851)
 1 Oct 1818 - 31 Dec 1818  John C. Calhoun (acting)           (b. 1782 - d. 1850)
 1 Jan 1819 - 31 Aug 1823  Smith Thompson                     (b. 1768 - d. 1843)
 1 Sep 1823 – 16 Sep 1823  John Rodgers (acting)              (b. 1772 – d. 1838)
16 Sep 1823 -  4 Mar 1829  Samuel L. Southard                 (b. 1787 - d. 1842)
 4 Mar 1829 -  9 Mar 1829  Charles Hay (acting)               (b. 1793 - d. 1833)
 9 Mar 1829 - 12 May 1831  John Branch                        (b. 1782 - d. 1863)
12 May 1831 – 23 May 1831  John Boyle (acting)                (b. 1777 – d. 1849)
23 May 1823 - 30 Jun 1834  Levi Woodbury                      (b. 1789 - d. 1851)
 1 Jul 1834 - 30 Jun 1838  Mahlon Dickerson                   (b. 1770 - d. 1853)
 1 Jul 1838 -  3 Mar 1841  James Kirke Paulding               (b. 1778 - d. 1860)
 4 Mar 1841 -  5 Mar 1841
  John D. Simms (1st time)(acting)   (b. 1788 - d. 1843)
 5 Mar 1841 - 11 Sep 1841  George Edmund Badger               (b. 1795 - d. 1866)
11 Sep 1841 – 11 Oct 1841  John D. Simms (2nd time)(acting)   (s.a.)
11 Oct 1841 - 23 Jul 1843  Abel Parker Upshur                 (b. 1790 - d. 1844)
24 Jul 1843 - 18 Feb 1844  David Henshaw                      (b. 1791 - d. 1852)
19 Feb 1844 - 28 Feb 1844  Thomas Walker Gilmer               (b. 1802 - d. 1844)
28 Feb 1844 – 26 Mar 1844  Lewis Warrington (1st time)(acting)(b. 1782 – d. 1851)
26 Mar 1844 - 10 Mar 1845  John Young Mason (1st time)        (b. 1799 - d. 1859)
11 Mar 1845 -  9 Sep 1846  George Bancroft                    (b. 1800 - d. 1891)
10 Sep 1846 -  7 Mar 1849  John Young Mason (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1849 - 22 Jul 1850  William Ballard Preston            (b. 1805 - d. 1862)
23 Jul 1850 –  2 Aug 1850  Lewis Warrington (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
 2 Aug 1850 - 25 Jul 1852  William Alexander Graham           (b. 1804 - d. 1875)
26 Jul 1852 -  7 Mar 1853  John Pendelton Kennedy             (b. 1795 - d. 1870)
 7 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  James Cochrane Dobbin              (b. 1804 - d. 1857)
 7 Mar 1857 -  6 Mar 1861  Isaac Toucey                       (b. 1796 - d. 1869)
 7 Mar 1861 -  3 Mar 1869  Gideon Welles                      (b. 1802 - d. 1878)
 4 Mar 1869 -  9 Mar 1869  William Faxon (acting)             (b. 1822 - d. 1883)
 9 Mar 1869 - 25 Jun 1869  Adolph Edward Borie                (b. 1809 - d. 1880)
26 Jun 1869 - 12 Mar 1877  George Maxwell Robeson             (b. 1829 - d. 1897)
13 Mar 1877 - 20 Dec 1880  Richard Wigginton Thompson         (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
20 Dec 1880 -  6 Jan 1881  Alexander Ramsey (acting)          (b. 1815 - d. 1903)
 7 Jan 1881 -  6 Mar 1881  Nathan Goff, Jr.                   (b. 1843 - d. 1920)
 7 Mar 1881 - 16 Apr 1882  William Henry Hunt                 (b. 1823 - d. 1884)
17 Apr 1882 -  6 Mar 1885  William Eaton Chandler             (b. 1835 - d. 1917)
 7 Mar 1885 -  5 Mar 1889  William Colins Whitney             (b. 1841 - d. 1904)
 6 Mar 1889 -  6 Mar 1893  Benjamin Franklin Tracy            (b. 1830 - d. 1915)
 7 Mar 1893 -  6 Mar 1897  Hilary Abner Herbert               (b. 1834 - d. 1919)
 6 Mar 1897 - 30 Apr 1902  John Davis Long                    (b. 1838 - d. 1915)
 1 May 1902 – 30 Jun 1904  William Henry Moody                (b. 1853 - d. 1917)
 1 Jul 1904 – 30 Jun 1905  Paul Morton                        (b. 1857 - d. 1911)
 1 Jul 1905 - 16 Dec 1906  Charles Joseph Bonaparte           (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
17 Dec 1906 - 30 Nov 1908  Victor Howard Metcalf              (b. 1853 - d. 1936)
 1 Dec 1908 -  5 Mar 1909  Truman Handy Newberry              (b. 1864 - d. 1945)
 6 Mar 1909 -  4 Mar 1913  George von Lengerke Meyer          (b. 1858 - d. 1918)
 5 Mar 1913 -  5 Mar 1921  Josephus Daniels                   (b. 1861 - d. 1948)

 6
Mar 1921 - 10 Mar 1924  Edwin C. Denby                     (b. 1870 - d. 1929)
10 Mar 1924 - 19 Mar 1924  Theodore Roosevelt III (acting)    (b. 1887 - d. 1944)     
19 Mar 1924 -  4 Mar 1929  Curtis Dwight Wibur                (b. 1867 - d. 1954)
 5 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Charles Francis Adams              (b. 1866 - d. 1954)
 4 Mar 1933 -  7 Jul 1939  Claude Augustus Swanson            (b. 1862 - d. 1939)
 
7 Jul 1939 - 24 Jun 1940  Charles Edison                     (b. 1890 - d. 1969)
                             (acting to 2 Jan 1940)
24 Jun 1940 - 11 Jul 1940  Lewis Compton
(acting)             (b. 1892 - d. 1942)
11 Jul 1940 - 28 Apr 1944  Frank Knox                         (b. 1874 - d. 1944)
28 Apr 1944 - 19 May 1944  Ralph A. Bard (acting)             (b. 1884 - d. 1975) 
19 May 1944 - 17 Sep 1947  James V. Forrestal                 (b. 1892 - d. 1949)
18 Sep 1947 - 24 May 1949  John Lawrence Sullivan             (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
25 May 1949 - 31 Jul 1951  Francis Patrick Matthews           (b. 1887 - d. 1952)
31 Jul 1951 - 20 Jan 1953  Dan A. Kimball                     (b. 1896 - d. 1970)
20 Jan 1953 -  4 Feb 1953  Francis P. Whitehair (acting)      (b. 1900 - d. 1977)
 4 Feb 1953 -  3 May 1954  Robert Bernard Anderson            (b. 1910 - d. 1989)
 3 May 1954 -  1 Apr 1957  Charles Sparks Thomas              (b. 1897 - d. 1983)
 1 Apr 1957 -  8 Jun 1959  Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr.        (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
 8 Jun 1959 - 20 Jan 1961  William B. Franke                  (b. 1894 - d. 1979)
20 Jan 1961 - 25 Jan 1961  .... (acting)
25 Jan 1961 - 20 Dec 1961  John Bowden Connally, Jr.          (b. 1917 - d. 1993)
20 Dec 1961 -  1 Nov 1963  Fred Korth                         (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
                            
(acting to 4 Jan 1962)
 2 Nov 1963 - 28 Nov 1963  Paul B. Fay, Jr. (acting)          (b. 1918 - d. 2009)
29 Nov 1963 - 30 Jun 1967  Paul H. Nitze                      (b. 1907 - d. 2004)
 1 Jul 1967 - 31 Jul 1967  Robert H.B. Baldwin (acting)       (b. 1920 - d. 2016)
 1 Aug 1967 - 31 Aug 1967  Charles F. Baird (acting)          (b. 1922 - d. 2009)
 1 Sep 1967 - 24 Jan 1969  Paul R. Ignatius                   (b. 1920)
24 Jan 1969 - 31 Jan 1969  .... (acting)
31 Jan 1969 -  4 May 1972  John H. Chafee                     (b. 1922 - d. 1999)
 4 May 1972 -  8 Apr 1974  John W. Warner                     (b. 1927)
 8 Apr 1974 - 20 Jan 1977  J. William Middendorf II           (b. 1924)
                             (acting to 10 Jun 1974)
20 Jan 1977 - 14 Feb 1977  David R. Macdonald
(acting)        (b. 1930 - d. 2008)
14 Feb 1977 - 24 Aug 1979  W. Graham Claytor, Jr.             (b. 1912 - d. 1994)
24 Aug 1979 - 24 Oct 1979  R. James Woolsey (acting)          (b. 1941)
24 Oct 1979 - 29 Jan 1981  Edward Hidalgo                     (b. 1912 - d. 1995)
29 Jan 1981 -  5 Feb 1981  .... (acting)
 5 Feb 1981 - 10 Apr 1987  John F. Lehman, Jr.                (b. 1942)
10 Apr 1987 -  1 May 1987  James F. Goodrich (acting)         (b. 1913 - d. 2012)
 1 May 1987 - 23 Feb 1988  James H. Webb, Jr.                 (b. 1946)
23 Feb 1988 - 28 Mar 1988  Henry Lawrence Garrett III         (b. 1939)
                             (1st time)(acting)
28 Mar 1988 - 15 May 1989  William L. Ball                    (b. 1948)
15 May 1989 - 26 Jun 1992  Henry Lawrence Garrett III         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
26 Jun 1992 -  7 Jul 1992  J. Daniel Howard (acting)          (b. 1943)
 7 Jul 1992 - 20 Jan 1993  Sean O'Keefe                       (b. 1956)
                             (acting to 2 Oct 1992)
20 Jan 1993 - 21 Jul 1993  Frank B. Kelso II (acting)         (b. 1933 - d. 2013)
22 Jul 1993 - 16 Nov 1998  John H. Dalton                     (b. 1941)
16 Nov 1998 - 20 Jan 2001  Richard Danzig                     (b. 1944)
20 Jan 2001 - 24 May 2001  Robert B. Pirie, Jr. (acting)      (b. 1933)
24 May 2001 - 24 Jan 2003  Gordon R. England (1st time)       (b. 1937)
24 Jan 2003 -  7 Feb 2003  Susan Morrisey Livingstone (f)     (b. 1946)
                             (acting)
 7 Feb 2003 -  1 Oct 2003  Hansford T. Johnson (acting)       (b. 1936)
 1 Oct 2003 - 28 Dec 2005  Gordon R. England (2nd time)       (s.a.)
29 Dec 2005 -  3 Jan 2006  Dionel M. Aviles (acting)          (b. 1961)
 3 Jan 2006 - 13 Mar 2009  Donald C. Winter                   (b. 1948)
13 Mar 2009 - 19 May 2009  B.J. "Buddie" Penn (acting)        (b. 1938)
19 May 2009 - 20 Jan 2017  Raymond "Ray" E. Mabus, Jr.        (b. 1948) 
20 Jan 2017 -  3 Aug 2017  Sean J. Stackley (acting)          (b. 1957)
 3 Aug 2017 - 15 Jul 2019  Richard V. Spencer (1st time)      (b. 1954)
15 Jul 2019 -
23 Jul 2019  Thomas B. Modly (1st time)(acting) (b. 1960)
23 Jul 2019 -
24 Nov 2019  Richard V. Spencer (2nd time)      (s.a.)
24 Nov 2019 -  7 Apr 2020  Thomas B. Modly (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
 7 Apr 2020 -
29 May 2020  James E. McPherson (acting)        (b. 1953)
29 May 2020 -              Kenneth J. Braithwaite II          (b. 1960)

Navy

[flag of Chief of Naval
                        Operations (U.S.)]
Chief of Naval Operations Flag
 Adopted Oct 1956

Commander-in-chief of the Continental Navy
 5 Nov 1775 - 25 Mar 1777  Esek Hopkins                       (b. 1718 - d. 1802)
Senior Officers
26 Mar 1777 - 25 Jan 1780  James Nicholson                    (b. 1737 - d. 1804)
25 Jan 1780 -  6 Jun 1794  Vacant
 6 Jun 1794 - 13 Sep 1803  John Barry                         (b. 1745 - d. 1803)
13 Sep 1803 - 29 Dec 1811  Samuel Nicholson                   (b. 1743 - d. 1811)
29 Dec 1811 - 25 Apr 1815  Alexander Murray                   (b. 1755 - d. 1821)
Presidents of the Board of Navy Commissioners
 

25 Apr 1815 - 15 Dec 1824  John Rodgers (1st time)            (b. 1773 - d. 1838)
15 Dec 1824 - 20 Jun 1827  William Bainbridge                 (b. 1774 - d. 1833)
 
8 Oct 1827 -  1 May 1837  John Rodgers (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 1 May 1837 - 27 Jan 1840  Isaac Chauncey                     (b. 1772 - d. 1840)
27 Jan 1840 -  1 Jun 1841  Charles Morris                     (b. 1784 - d. 1856)
 1 Jun 1841 - 31 Aug 1842  Lewis Warrington                   (b. 1782 - d. 1851)

Senior Officers
 1 Sep 1842 - 21 Apr 1851  James Barron                       (b. 1768 - d. 1851)
22 Apr 1851 - 14 Sep 1855  Charles Stewart (1st time)         (b. 1778 - d. 1869)
15 Sep 1855 - 27 Jan 1856  Charles Morris                     (s.a.)
28 Jan 1856 -  1 Mar 1859  William Shubrick                   (b. 1790 - d. 1874)
 2 Mar 1859 - 21 Dec 1861  Charles Stewart (2nd time)         (s.a.)
22 Dec 1861 - 14 Aug 1870  David Glasgow Farragut             (b. 1801 - d. 1870)
15 Aug 1870 - 13 Feb 1891  David Dixon Porter                 (b. 1813 - d. 1891)
13 Feb 1891 -  2 Apr 1892  Lewis Ashfield Kimberly            (b. 1830 - d. 1902)
 2 Apr 1892 - 10 Nov 1894  Bancroft Gherardi                  (b. 1832 - d. 1903)
10 Nov 1894 - 19 Jun 1897  George Brown                       (b. 1835 - d. 1913)
19 Jun 1897 -  3 Jul 1898  William Alexander Kirkland         (b. 1836 - d. 1898)
 3 Jul 1998 - 10 May 1915  George Dewey                       (b. 1837 - d. 1917)
Chiefs of Naval Operations

11 May 1915 - 25 Sep 1919  William Shepherd Benson            (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
 1 Nov 1919 - 21 Jul 1923  Robert Edward Coontz               (b. 1864 - d. 1935)
21 Jul 1923 - 14 Nov 1927  Edward Walter Eberle               (b. 1864 - d. 1929)
14 Nov 1927 - 17 Sep 1930  Charles Frederick Hughes           (b. 1866 - d. 1934)
17 Sep 1930 - 30 Jun 1933  William Veazie Pratt               (b. 1869 - d. 1957)
 1 Jul 1933 -  1 Jan 1937  William Harrison Standley          (b. 1872 - d. 1963)
 2 Jan 1937 -  1 Aug 1939  William Daniel Leahy               (b. 1875 - d. 1959)
 1 Aug 1939 - 26 Mar 1942  Harold Raynsford Stark             (b. 1880 - d. 1972)
26 Mar 1942 - 15 Dec 1945  Ernest Joseph King                 (b. 1878 - d. 1956)
15 Dec 1945 - 15 Dec 1947  Chester William Nimitz             (b. 1885 - d. 1966)
15 Dec 1947 -  1 Nov 1949  Louis Emil Denfeld                 (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
 2 Nov 1949 - 22 Jul 1951  Forrest Percival Sherman           (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
22 Jul 1951 - 16 Aug 1951  Lynde D. McCormick (acting)        (b. 1895 - d. 1956)
16 Aug 1951 - 17 Aug 1953  William Morrow Fechteler           (b. 1896 - d. 1967)
17 Aug 1953 - 17 Aug 1955  Robert Bostwick Carney             (b. 1895 - d. 1990)
17 Aug 1955 -  1 Aug 1961  Arleigh Albert Burke               (b. 1901 - d. 1996)
 1 Aug 1961 -  1 Aug 1963  George Whelan Anderson, Jr.        (b. 1906 - d. 1992)
 1 Aug 1963 -  1 Aug 1967  David Lamar McDonald               (b. 1906 - d. 1997)
 1 Aug 1967 - 30 Jun 1970  Thomas Hinman Moorer               (b. 1912 - d. 2004)
 1 Jul 1970 - 30 Jun 1974  Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr.          (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
 1 Jul 1974 - 30 Jun 1978  James Lemuel Holloway III          (b. 1922 - d. 2019)
 1 Jul 1978 - 30 Jun 1982  Thomas B. Hayward                  (b. 1924)
 1 Jul 1982 - 30 Jun 1986  James D. Watkins                   (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
 1 Jul 1986 - 30 Jun 1990  Carlisle A.H. Trost                (b. 1930 - d. 2020)
 1 Jul 1990 - 23 Apr 1994  Frank B. Kelso II                  (b. 1933 - d. 2013)
23 Apr 1994 - 16 May 1996  Jeremy M. "Mike" Boorda            (b. 1939 - d. 1996)
17 May 1996 - 21 Jul 2000  Jay L. Johnson                     (b. 1946)
                             (acting to 2 Aug 1996)    
21 Jul 2000 - 22 Jul 2005  Vern Clark                         (b. 1944)
22 Jul 2005 - 29 Sep 2007  Michael Mullen                     (b. 1946)
29 Sep 2007 - 23 Sep 2011  Gary G. Roughead                   (b. 1951)
23 Sep 2011 - 18 Sep 2015  Jonathan W. Greenert               (b. 1953)
18 Sep 2015 -
22 Aug 2019  John M. Richardson                 (b. 1960)
22 Aug 2019 -              Michael M. Gilday                  (b. 1962)

Women Accepted Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES)

30 Jul 1942                Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).
12 Jun 1948                Women's Reserve (WAVES) disestablished and the position of
                             Assistant Chief
of Naval Personnel for Women created.
Mar 1973                   Post of Special Assistant to the Chief of Navy Personnel
                             for Women is vacated.
1976                       Women are integrated into the regular Navy.
20 Oct 1978                Congress allows Navy to assign women to fill sea duty billets.

Directors of the Women's Reserve and (from 7 May 1943)
Assistants to the Chief of the Bureau of Naval Personnel

 3 Aug 1942 - Feb 1946     Mildred Helen McAfee (f)           (b. 1900 - d. 1994)
                             (from Aug 1945, Mildred Helen McAfee Horton)
Feb 1946 - Jul 1946        Jean Tilford Palmer (f)            (b. 1903 - d. 1992)
26 Jul 1946 - 12 Jun 1948  Joy Bright Hancock (f)             (b. 1898 - d. 1986)
Assistant Chiefs of Naval Personnel for Women
12 Jun 1948 -  1 Jun 1953  Joy Bright Hancock (f)             (s.a.)
Jun 1953 - Aug 1957        Louise K. "Billie" Wilde (f)       (b. 1910 - d. 1979)
Aug 1957 - Apr 1962        Winifred Redden Quick Collins (f)  (b. 1911 - d. 1999)
Apr 1962 - Apr 1966        Viola Brown Sanders (f)            (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
Apr 1966 - Jan 1971        Rita Lenihan (f)                   (b. 1914 - d. 1989)
Jan 1971 - Mar 1973        Robin Lindsay Catherine Quigley (f)(b. 1929)


Marine Corps

[U.S. Marine Corps
                          colors c.1830-1850]
c.1830 - 1850

[U.S.
                          Marine Corps colors 1850-1939] 1850 - 18 Jan 1939

[U.S.
                          Marine Corps Outdoor flag] Adopted 18 Jan 1939

[flag of Commandant of the
                        U.S. Marine Corps] Flag of the Commandant


U.S. Marine Corps

10 Nov 1775                Continental Marine Corps established.
30 Nov 1783                Disbanded
11 Jul 1798                United States Marine Corps
established.

Commandants of the Marine Corps (subordinate to Secretary of the Navy)
28 Nov 1775 - 25 Aug 1781  Samuel Nicholas¹                   (b. 1744 - d. 1790)
25 Aug 1781 - 11 Jul 1798  Post abolished
12 Jul 1798 -  6 Mar 1804  William Ward Burrows               (b. 1758 - d. 1804)
 7 Mar 1804 -  1 Sep 1818  Franklin Wharton                   (b. 1767 - d. 1818)
 2 Sep 1818 - 15 Sep 1818  Samuel Miller (acting)             (b. 1775 - d. 1855)
16 Sep 1818 -  2 Mar 1819  Archibald Henderson (1st time)     (b. 1783 - d. 1859)
                             (acting)
 3 Mar 1819 - 16 Oct 1820  Anthony Gale                       (b. 1782 - d. 1843)
17 Oct 1820 -  6 Jan 1859  Archibald Henderson (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 7 Jan 1859 - 12 May 1864  John Harris                        (b. 1790 - d. 1864)
13 May 1864 -  9 Jun 1864  Augustus S. Nicholson (acting)     (b. 1830 - d. 1911)
10 Jun 1864 - 31 Oct 1876  Jacob Zeilin                       (b. 1806 - d. 1880)
 1 Nov 1876 - 29 Jan 1891  Charles McCawley                   (b. 1827 - d. 1891)
30 Jan 1891 -  2 Oct 1903  Charles Heywood                    (b. 1839 - d. 1915)
 3 Oct 1903 - 30 Nov 1910  George Elliott                     (b. 1846 - d. 1931)
 1 Dec 1910 - 24 Feb 1914  William Phillips Biddle            (b. 1853 - d. 1923)
                             (acting to 3 Feb 1911)
25 Feb 1914 - 30 Jun 1920  George M.G. Barnett                (b. 1859 - d. 1930)
 1 Jul 1920 -  4 Mar 1929  John Archer Lejeune                (b. 1867 - d. 1942)
 5 Mar 1929 -  8 Jul 1930  Wendell Cushing Neville            (b. 1870 - d. 1930)
 9 Jul 1930 - 28 Feb 1934  Ben Hebard Fuller                  (b. 1870 - d. 1937)
 1 Mar 1934 - 30 Nov 1936  John Herny Russell                 (b. 1872 - d. 1947)
 1 Dec 1936 - 31 Dec 1943  Thomas Holcomb                     (b. 1879 - d. 1965)
 1 Jan 1944 - 31 Dec 1947  Alexander Archer Vandegrift        (b. 1887 - d. 1973)
 1 Jan 1948 - 31 Dec 1951  Clifton B. Cates                   (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
 1 Jan 1952 - 31 Dec 1955  Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.            (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
 1 Jan 1956 - 31 Dec 1959  Randolph McCall Pate               (b. 1898 - d. 1961)
 1 Jan 1960 - 31 Dec 1963  David M. Shoup                     (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
 1 Jan 1964 - 31 Dec 1967  Wallace M. Greene, Jr.             (b. 1907 - d. 2003)
 1 Jan 1968 - 31 Dec 1971  Leonard F. Chapman, Jr.            (b. 1913 - d. 2000)
 1 Jan 1972 - 30 Jun 1975  Ronert E. Cushman, Jr.             (b. 1914 - d. 1985)
 1 Jul 1975 - 30 Jun 1979  Louis H. Wilson, Jr.               (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
 1 Jul 1979 - 30 Jun 1983  Robert H. Barrow                   (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
 1 Jul 1983 - 30 Jun 1987  Paul X. Kelley                     (b. 1928 - d. 2019)
 1 Jul 1987 - 30 Jun 1991  Alfred M. Gray, Jr.                (b. 1928)
 1 Jul 1991 - 30 Jun 1995  Carl E. Mundy, Jr.                 (b. 1935 - d. 2014)
 1 Jul 1995 - 30 Jun 1999  Charles C. Krulak                  (b. 1942)
 1 Jul 1999 - 13 Jan 2003  James L. Jones                     (b. 1943)
13 Jan 2003 - 13 Nov 2006  Michael W. Hagee                   (b. 1944)
13 Nov 2006 - 22 Oct 2010  James T. Conway                    (b. 1947)
22 Oct 2010 - 17 Oct 2014  James F. Amos                      (b. 1946)
17 Oct 2014 - 24 Sep 2015 
Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.             (b. 1955)
24 Sep 2015 - 11 Jul 2019  Robert B. Neller                   (b. 1953)
11 Jul 2019 -         &nbssp;    David H. Berger                    (b. 1959) 
           

Marine Corps Women's Reserve (MCWR)

29 Jan 1943                Marine Corps Women's Reserve (MCWR) created.
12 Jun 1948                Renamed Women Marines.
 
1 Jul 1977                Disestablished, women integrated into the regular Marines.

Directors of Women Marines
29 Jan 1943 -  7 Dec 1945  Ruth Cheney Streeter (f)           (b. 1895 - d. 1990)
 7 Dec 1945 - 12 Jun 1946  Katherine Amelia Towle (f)         (b. 1898 - d. 1986)
                             (1st time) 
12 Jun 1946 -  3 Sep 1948  Julia Estelle Hamblet (f)(1st time)(b. 1916 - d. 2017)
 4 Sep 1948 - 30 Apr 1953  Katherine Amelia Towle (f)         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 1 May 1953 -  2 Mar 1959  Julia Estelle Hamblet (f)(2nd time)(s.a.)
 2 Mar 1959 -  2 Jan 1964  Margaret Monroe Henderson (f)      (b. 1911 - d. 2004)
 3 Jan 1964 -  1 Feb 1969  Barbara Janet Bishop (f)           (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
 1 Feb 1969 - 31 Jan 1973  Jeanette I. Sustad (f)             (b. 1922 - d. 1978)
 1 Feb 1973 - 30 Jun 1977  Margaret A. Brewer (f)             (b. 1930 - d. 2013)

 ¹The resolution of Congress on 10 Nov 1775 provided for a colonel to command two
battalions of Marines authorized, but the highest rank received by any Marine during
the revolution was major. Samuel Nicholas (s.a.) was appointed "Captain of Marines" on 28
Nov 1775, and promoted to major on 25 Jun 1776. Because of his senior status among
other Marine officers of the Revolution, he is numbered as the first Commandant.
The year 1781 saw Major Nicholas' return to private life. By the summer of 1781 there
were only three Marine captains and three lieutenants on active duty, and the overall organization had ceased to exist.


Department of the Air Force

[U.S. Air Force flag]
Adopted 26 Mar 1951

U.S. Air Force

28 Aug 1918 - 23 Nov 1918  Second Assistant Secretary of War for Aeronautics.
20 Feb 1926 - 1933         Office of Assistant Secretary of War for
Aeronautics
10 Apr 1941
- 17 Sep 1947  Office of Assistant Secretary of War (Air)(from 28 Jul 1942,
                            
Assistant Secretary of War for Air).
18 Sep 1947                Department of the Air Force created as a 
                             branch of the Department of Defense.

Second Assistant Secretary of War for Aeronautics
28 Aug 1918 - 23 Nov 1918  John Dennis Ryan                   (b. 1864 - d. 1933)
23 Nov 1918 - 20 Feb 1926  Post abolished
Assistant Secretary of War for Aeronautics
20 Feb 1926 - 15 Dec 1932  Frederick Trubee Davison           (b. 1896 - d. 1874)
15 Dec 1932 - 10 Apr 1941  Vacant
Assistant Secretaries of War (Air)(from 28 Jul 1942,
Assistant Secretaries of War for Air)
10 Apr 1941 - 31 Jan 1946  Robert A. Lovett                   (b. 1895 - d. 1986)
31 Jan 1946 - 17 Sep 1947
  William Stuart Symington           (b. 1901 - d. 1988)
Secretaries of the
Air Force
18 Sep 1947 - 24 Apr 1950  William Stuart Symington           (s.a.)
24 Apr 1950 - 20 Jan 1953  Thomas K. Finletter                (b. 1893 - d. 1980)
20 Jan 1953 -  4 Feb 1953  Roswell L. Gilpatric (acting)      (b. 1906 - d. 1996)
 4 Feb 1953 - 13 Aug 1955  Harold Elstner Talbott             (b. 1888 - d. 1957)
15 Aug 1955 - 30 Apr 1957  Donald Aubrey Quarles              (b. 1894 - d. 1959)
 1 May 1957 - 10 Dec 1959  James Henderson Douglas, Jr.       (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
11 Dec 1959 - 20 Jan 1961  Dudley Crawford Sharp              (b. 1905 - d. 1987)
24 Jan 1961 - 30 Sep 1965  Eugene M. Zuckert                  (b. 1911 - d. 2000)
 1 Oct 1965 - 14 Feb 1969  Harold Brown                       (b. 1927 - d. 2019)
15 Feb 1969 - 14 May 1973  Robert C. Seamans, Jr.             (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
15 May 1973 - 23 Nov 1975  John L. McLucas                    (b. 1920 - d. 2002)
                             (acting to 18 Jul 1973)
24 Nov 1975 -  1 Jan 1976  James W. Plummer (acting)          (b. 1920 - d. 2013)
 2 Jan 1976 -  6 Apr 1977  Thomas C. Reed                     (b. 1934)
 6 Apr 1977 - 18 May 1979  John C. Stetson                    (b. 1920 - d. 2007)
18 May 1979 -  9 Feb 1981  Hans M. Mark                       (b. 1929)
                             (acting to 26 Jul 1979)
 9 Feb 1981 - 30 Nov 1985  Verne Orr                          (b. 1916 - d. 2008)
30 Nov 1985 -  6 Dec 1985 
Edward C. Aldridge, Jr. (1st time) (b. 1938)
                             (acting) 

 6 Dec 1985 -  7 Apr 1986  Russell A. Rourke                  (b. 1931 - d. 2003)
 8 Apr 1986 - 16 Dec 1988  Edward C. Aldridge, Jr. (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting to 8 Jun 1986)
16 Dec 1988 - 29 Apr 1989  James F. McGovern (acting)         (b. 1946)
29 Apr 1989 - 21 May 1989  John J. Welch, Jr. (acting)        (b. 1930 - d. 2010)
22 May 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Donald B. Rice                     (b. 1939)
20 Jan 1993 - 13 Jul 1993  Michael B. Donley (1st time)       (b. 1952)
                             (acting)       
14 Jul 1993 -  5 Aug 1993  Merrill A. McPeak (acting)         (b. 1936)
 6 Aug 1993 - 31 Oct 1997  Sheila E. Widnall (f)              (b. 1938)
 1 Nov 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  F. Whitten Peters                  (b. 1946)
                             (acting to 3 Aug 1999)
20 Jan 2001 - 31 May 2001  Lawrence J. Delaney (acting)       (b. 1935)
 1 Jun 2001 - 20 Jan 2005  James G. Roche                     (b. 1939)
20 Jan 2005 - 25 Mar 2005  Peter B. Teets (acting)            (b. 1942)
25 Mar 2005 - 28 Mar 2005  Michael Montelongo (acting)        (b. 1955)
28 Mar 2005 - 28 Jul 2005  Michael L. Dominguez (acting)      (b. 1953)  
29 Jul 2005 -  3 Nov 2005  Preston "Pete" M. Geren (acting)   (b. 1952)
 3 Nov 2005 - 20 Jun 2008  Michael W. Wynne                   (b. 1944)
21 Jun 2008 - 20 Jun 2013  Michael B. Donley (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting to 2 Oct 2008)
21 Jun 2013 - 20 Dec 2013  Eric K. Fanning (acting)           (b. 1968)
20 Dec 2013 - 20 Jan 2017  Deborah Lee James (f)              (b. 1958)
20 Jan 2017 - 16 May 2017  Lisa S. Disbrow (f) (acting)       (b. 1962)
16 May 2017 - 31 May 2019  Heather A. Wilson (f)              (b. 1960)
 1 Jun 2019 -
18 Oct 2019  Matthew P. Donovan (acting)        (b. 1958)
18 Oct 2019 -              Barbara McConnell Barrett (f)      (b. 1950)

Air Force
 
[U.S. Army Air Corps Headquaters flag]
  Army Air Corps 1941 - 1947
[Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force flag]
   Air Force Chief of Staff Flag

 1 Aug 1907                Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps established.
18 Jul 1914                Renamed Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps.
21 May 1918                Separated from Signal Corps and divided into the
                             Division of Military Aeronautics (under Secretary of War)
                             and the Bureau of
Aircraft Production.
27 Aug 1918                Reunified as the Army Air Service.
 2 Jul 1926                Renamed Air Corps.
20 Jun 1941                Army Air Forces.
 9 Mar 1942                Post of Commanding General, Army Air Forces created.
18 Sep 1947                U.S. Air Force a separate branch of Department of Defense.

Chiefs, Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps
 
1 Aug 1907 - 30 Jun 1910  Charles deForest Chandler          (b. 1878 - d. 1939)
                             (1st time)
 1 Jul 1910 - 19 Jun 1911  Arthur S. Cowan                    (b. 1875 - d. 1957)
20 Jun 1911 - 18 Nov 1912  Charles deForest Chandler          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
18 Nov 1912 - 15 Dec 1912  Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold          (b. 1886 - d. 1950)
15 Dec 1912 - 10 Sep 1913  Edgar Russell                      (b. 1862 - d. 1925)
10 Sep 1913 - 18 Jul 1914  Samuel Reber                       (b. 1869 - d. 1933)
Chiefs, Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps
18 Jul 1914 -  5 May 1916  Samuel Reber                       (s.a.)
 
5 May 1916 - 20 May 1916  William "Billy" L. Mitchel (acting)(b. 1879 - d. 1936)
20 May 1916 - 19 Feb 1917  George Owen Squier                 (b. 1865 - d. 1934)
19 Feb 1917 - 30 Jul 1917  John B. Bennet                     (b. 1865 - d. 1930)
30 Jul 1917 - 12 Nov 1917  Benjamin Delahauf Foulois          (b. 1879 - d. 1967)
12 Nov 1917 - 27 Feb 1918  Alexander L. Dade                  (b. 1863 - d. 1927)
28 Feb 1918 - 21 May 1918  Laurence C. Brown
Director of Military Aeronautics

27 Apr 1918 - 27 Aug 1918  William Lacy Kenly                 (b. 1865 - d. 1928)
Chief, Bureau of Aircraft Production
21 May 1918 - 27 Aug 1918  John Dennis Ryan                   (b. 1864 - d. 1933)
Directors of Air Service
27 Aug 1918 - 23 Dec 1918  John Dennis Ryan                   (s.a.)
 
2 Jan 1919 -  4 Jun 1920  Charles Thomas Menoher             (b. 1862 - d. 1930)
Chiefs of Air Service
 4 Jun 1920 -  4 Oct 1921  Charles Thomas Menoher             (s.a.)
 5 Oct 1921 -  2 Jul 1926  Mason Matthews Patrick             (b. 1863 - d. 1942)
Chiefs of Air Corps
 2 Jul 1926 - 13 Dec 1927  Mason Matthews Patrick             (b. 1863 - d. 1942)
14 Dec 1927 - 19 Dec 1931  James Edmond Fechet                (b. 1877 - d. 1948)
20 Dec 1931 - 21 Dec 1935  Benjamin Delahauf Foulois          (s.a.)
22 Dec 1935 - 21 Sep 1938  Oscar M. Westover                  (b. 1883 - d. 1938)
22 Sep 1938 - 20 May 1941  Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold          (s.a.)
30 May 1941 - 20 Jun 1941  George H. Brett                    (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
Chief, Army Air Forces

20 Jun 1941 -  9 Mar 1942  Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold          (s.a.)
Commanding Generals, Army Air Forces
 9 Mar 1942 -  9 Feb 1946  Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold          (s.a.)
 
9 Feb 1946 - 18 Sep 1947  Carl Andrew Spaatz                 (b. 1891 - d. 1974)
Chiefs of Staff of the U.S. Air Force
18 Sep 1947 - 30 Apr 1948  Carl Andrew Spaatz                 (s.a.)
30 Apr 1948 - 30 Jun 1953  Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg            (b. 1899 - d. 1954)
30 Jun 1953 - 30 Jun 1957  Nathan Farragut Twining            (b. 1897 - d. 1982)
 1 Jul 1957 - 30 Jun 1961  Thomas Desser White                (b. 1901 - d. 1965)
30 Jun 1961 - 31 Jan 1965  Curtis Emerson LeMay               (b. 1906 - d. 1990)
 1 Feb 1965 -  1 Aug 1969  John Paul McConnell                (b. 1908 - d. 1986)
 1 Aug 1969 - 31 Jul 1973  John Dale Ryan                     (b. 1915 - d. 1983)
 1 Aug 1973 - 30 Jun 1974  George Scratchley Brown            (b. 1918 - d. 1978)
 1 Jul 1974 - 20 Jun 1978  David C. Jones                     (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
20 Jun 1978 - 30 Jun 1982  Lew Allen, Jr.                     (b. 1925 - d. 2010) 
                             (acting to 1 Jul 1978)
 1 Jul 1982 - 30 Jun 1986  Charles A. Gabriel                 (b. 1928 - d. 2003)
 1 Jul 1986 - 30 Jun 1990  Larry D. Welch                     (b. 1934)
 1 Jul 1990 - 17 Sep 1990  Michael J. Dugan                   (b. 1937)
17 Sep 1990 - 27 Oct 1990  John M. Loh (acting)               (b. 1938)
27 Oct 1990 - 25 Oct 1994  Merrill A. McPeak                  (b. 1936)
26 Oct 1994 -  1 Sep 1997  Ronald R. Fogleman                 (b. 1942)
 2 Sep 1997 -  5 Oct 1997  Ralph E. Eberhart (acting)         (b. 1946)
 6 Oct 1997 -  6 Sep 2001  Michael E. Ryan                    (b. 1941)
 6 Sep 2001 -  2 Sep 2005  John P. Jumper                     (b. 1945)
 2 Sep 2005 -  1 Aug 2008  T. Michael "Buzz" Moseley          (b. 1949)
 1 Aug 2008 - 12 Aug 2008  Duncan J. McNabb (acting)          (b. 1952)
12 Aug 2008 - 10 Aug 2012  Norton A. Schwartz                 (b. 1951)
10 Aug 2012 -  1 Jul 2016  Mark A. Welsh III                  (b. 1954)
 1 Jul 2016 - 
6 Aug 2020  David L. Goldfein                  (b. 1959)
 6 Aug 2020 -              Charles Q. Brown, Jr.              (b. 1962)

Women in the Air Force

10 Sep 1942                Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS).
15 Sep 1942                Women's Flying Training Detachment (WFTD).
 5 Aug 1943                Women's Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) formed
                             consolidating the WAFS and WFTD.
20 Dec 1944                WASP's disbanded.
12 Jun 1948                Women in the Air Force (WAF) created.
31 Jul 1976                WAF disestablished, women integrated into regular Air Force.

Commander of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron
11 Sep 1942 -  4 Aug 1943  Nancy Harkness Love (f)            (b. 1914 - d. 1976)
Commander of the Women's Flying Training Detachment 
15 Sep 1942 -  5 Aug 1943  Jacqueline Cochran (f)             (b. 1906 - d. 1980)
Commander of the Women's Air Force Service Pilots
 5 Aug 1943 - 20 Dec 1944  Jacqueline Cochran (f)             (s.a.)
Directors of Women in the Air Force 
16 Jun 1948 - 29 May 1951  Geraldine Pratt May (f)            (b. 1895 - d. 1997)
29 May 1951 -  1 Jan 1954  Mary Josephine Shelly (f)          (b. 1907 - d. 1979)
 
1 Jan 1954 - 26 Aug 1957  Phyllis Dunsmore-Smith Gray (f)    (b. 1901 - d. 19..)
26 Aug
1957 - Sep 1961     Emma Jane Riley (f)                (b. 1914 - d. 1999)
Sep 1961 -  1 Nov 1965     Elizabeth "Betty" Ann Ray (f)      (b. 1913 - d. 2011)
 1 Nov 1965 -  1 Mar 1973  Jeanne Marjorie Holm (f)           (b. 1921 - d. 2010)
Mar 1973 - Apr 1975        Billie Marie Bobbitt (f)           (b. 1923 - d. 2013)
Apr 1975 - 31 Jul 1976     Bianca D. Trimeloni (f)            (b. 1927 - d. 1989)


U.S. Space Force

[Flag of the U.S. Space
                        Force (U.S.)]
Adopted 15 May 2020

20 Dec 2019                U.S. Space Force established (from U.S. Space Command and
                             Air Force Space Command).

Chief of Space Operations (subordinate to the Secretary of the Air Force)
20 Dec 2019 -              John "Jay" W. Raymond              (b. 1962)


World-regional commands

Africa Command (AFRICOM)

[U.S. Africa Command
                (AFRICOM)]

Commanders, U.S. Africa Command
26 Feb 2007 - 30 Sep 2007  Robert T. Moeller (acting)         (b. 1951 - d. 2011)
 1 Oct 2007 -  9 Mar 2011  William "Kip" E. Ward              (b. 1949)
 9 Mar 2011 -  5 Apr 2013  Carter F. Ham                      (b. 1952)
 5 Apr 2013 - 18 Jul 2016  David M. Rodriguez                 (b. 1954)
18 Jul 2016 -
26 Jul 2019  Thomas D. Waldhauser               (b. 1953)
26 Jul 2019 -              Stephen J. Townsend                (b. 1959)

Central Command (CENTCOM)

[U.S. Central Command
                (CENTCOM)]

Commanders-in-chief, U.S. Central Command
 1 Jan 1983 - 27 Nov 1985  Robert C. Kingston                 (b. 1928 - d. 2007)
27 Nov 1985 - 23 Nov 1988  George B. Crist                    (b. 1931)
23 Nov 1988 -  9 Aug 1991  H. Norman Schwarzkopf              (b. 1934 - d. 2012)
 9 Aug 1991 -  5 Aug 1994  Joseph P. Hoar                     (b. 1934)
 5 Aug 1994 - 13 Aug 1997  J.H. Binford Peay III              (b. 1940)
13 Aug 1997 -  6 Jul 2000  Anthony Zinni                      (b. 1947)
 6 Jul 2000 -  7 Jul 2003  Tommy Ray Franks                   (b. 1945)
 7 Jul 2003 - 24 Oct 2002  John P. Abizaid                    (b. 1951)
Commanders, U.S. Central Command
24 Oct 2002 - 16 Mar 2007  John P. Abizaid                    (s.a.)
16 Mar 2007 - 28 Mar 2008 
William J. Fallon                  (b. 1944)
28 Mar 2008 - 31 Oct 2008  Martin E. Dempsey (acting)         (b. 1952)
31 Oct 2008 - 30 Jun 2010  David H. Petraeus                  (b. 1952)
30 Jun 2010 - 11 Aug 2010  John R. Allen (acting)             (b. 1953)
11 Aug 2010 - 22 Mar 2013  James N. Mattis                    (b. 1950)
22 Mar 2013 - 30 Mar 2016  Lloyd J. Austin III                (b. 1953)
30 Mar 2016 -
28 Mar 2019  Joseph L. Votel                    (b. 1958)
28 Mar 2019 -              Kenneth F. McKenzie, Jr.           (b. 1957)

European Command (EUCOM)

[U.S. European Command
              (EUCOM)]

Commanders-in-chief,
European Command
15 Mar 1947 - 23 Aug 1949  Lucius D. Clay                     (b. 1898 - d. 1978)
12 Aug 1949 -  1 Aug 1952  Thomas T. Handy                    (b. 1892 - d. 1982)
 1 Aug 1952 - 11 Jul 1953  Matthew B. Ridgway                 (b. 1895 - d. 1993)
11 Jul 1953 - 20 Nov 1956  Alfred M. Gruenther                (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
20 Nov 1956 -  1 Nov 1962  Lauris Norstad                     (b. 1907 - d. 1988)
 1 Nov 1962 -  5 May 1969  Lyman L. Lemnitzer                 (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
 5 May 1969 -  1 Nov 1974  Andrew J. Goodpaster               (b. 1915 - d. 2005)
 1 Nov 1974 - 27 Jun 1979  Alexander M. Haig, Jr.             (b. 1924 - d. 2010)
27 Jun 1979 - 25 Jun 1987  Bernard Rogers                     (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
25 Jun 1987 - 23 Jun 1992  John R. Galvin                     (b. 1929 - d. 2015)
23 Jun 1992 - 21 Oct 1993  John M. Shalikashvili              (b. 1936 - d. 2011)
21 Oct 1993 - 10 Jul 1997  George A. Joulwan                  (b. 1939)
10 Jul 1997 -  2 May 2000  Wesley K. Clark                    (b. 1944)
 2 May 2000 - 24 Oct 2002  Joseph W. Ralston                  (b. 1943)
Commanders, U.S. European Command
24 Oct 2002 - 16 Jan 2003  Joseph W. Ralston                  (s.a.)
16 Jan 2003 -  4 Dec 2006  James L. Jones                     (b. 1943)
 4 Dec 2006 - 30 Jun 2009  Bantz J. Craddock                  (b. 1949)
30 Jun 2009 - 10 May 2013  James G. Stavridis                 (b. 1955)
10 May 2013 -  3 May 2016  Philip M. Breedlove                (b. 1955)
 3 May 2016 -  2 May 2019  Curtis M. Scaparrotti              (b. 1956)
 2 May 2019 -         &nbssp;    Tod D. Wolters                     (b. 1960)


Indo-Pacific Command 

[U.S. Pacific Command
                (PACOM)]

 1 Jan 1947                U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM).
30 May 2018                U.S. Indo-Pacific Command (IN
PACOM).

Commanders-in-chief, U.S. Pacific Command
 1 Jan 1947 - 28 Feb 1947  John H. Towers                     (b. 1885 - d. 1955)
28 Feb 1947 -  3 Dec 1947  Louis E. Denfeld                   (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
 
3 Dec 1947 - 30 Apr 1949  DeWitt C. Ramsey                   (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
30 Apr 1949 - 10 Jul 1953  Arthur W. Radford                  (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
10 Jul 1953 - 31 Jul 1958  Felix B. Stump                     (b. 1894 - d. 1972)
31 Jul 1958 - 30 Jun 1964  Harry D. Felt                      (b. 1902 - d. 1992)
30 Jun 1964 - 31 Jul 1968  Ulysses S. Grant Sharp             (b. 1906 - d. 2001)
31 Jul 1968 -  1 Sep 1972  John S. McCain, Jr.                (b. 1911 - d. 1981)
 1 Sep 1972 - 30 Aug 1976  Noel A.M. Gayler                   (b. 1913 - d. 2011)
30 Aug 1976 - 31 Oct 1979  Maurice F. Weisner                 (b. 1917 - d. 2006)
31 Oct 1979 -  1 Jul 1983  Robert L.J. Long                   (b. 1920 - d. 2002)
 1 Jul 1983 - 18 Sep 1985  William J. Crowe, Jr.              (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
18 Sep 1985 - 30 Sep 1988  Ronald J. Hays, Jr.                (b. 1928)
30 Sep 1988 -  1 Mar 1991  Huntington Hardisty                (b. 1929 - d. 2003)
 1 Mar 1991 - 11 Jul 1994  Charles R. Larson                  (b. 1936 - d. 2014)
11 Jul 1994 - 19 Jul 1994  Harold T. Fields (acting)          (b. 1938)
19 Jul 1994 - 31 Jan 1996  Richard C. Macke                   (b. 1938)
31 Jan 1996 - 20 Feb 1999  Joseph W. Prueher                  (b. 1942)
20 Feb 1999 -  2 May 2002  Dennis C. Blair                    (b. 1947)
 2 May 2002 - 24 Oct 2002  Thomas B. Fargo                    (b. 1948)
Commanders, U.S. Pacific Command
24 Oct 2002 - 26 Feb 2005  Thomas B. Fargo                    (s.a.)
26 Feb 2005 - 12 Mar 2007  William J. Fallon                  (b. 1944)
12 Mar 2007 - 26 Mar 2007  Daniel P. "Fig" Leaf (acting)      (b. 1952?)
26 Mar 2007 - 19 Oct 2009  Timothy J. Keating                 (b. 1948)
19 Oct 2009 -  9 Mar 2012  Robert F. Willard                  (b. 1950)
 9 Mar 2012 - 27 May 2015  Samuel J. Locklear III             (b. 1954)
27 May 2015 - 30 May 2018  Harry B. Harris, Jr.               (b. 1956)
Commander, U.S. Indo-Pacific Command
30 May 2018 -              Philip "Phil" S. Davidson          (b. 1960)


Alaskan Command (ALCOM) 

 1 Jan 1947                Alaskan Command (ALCOM).
 1 Jul 1975                Disestablished, transferred to U.S. Pacific Command.
 1 Oct 2002                Alaska included in U.S. Northern Command (but Alaskan
                             command forces remain under
U.S. Pacific Command).

Commanders-in-chief, Alaskan Command
 1 Jan 1947 - 17 Oct 1947 
Howard A. "Pinky" Craig            (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
17 Oct 1947 -  1 Jul 1950  Nathan F. Twining                  (b. 1897 - d. 1982)
 1 Jul 1950 -  1 Mar 1953  William E. Kepner                  (b. 1893 - d. 1982)
 1 Mar 1953 -  1 Oct 1956  Joseph A. Atkinson                 (b. 1900 - d. 1984)
 1 Oct 1956 -  1 Aug 1961  Frank A. Armstrong, Jr.            (b. 1902 - d. 1969)
 1 Aug 1961 -  1 Aug 1963  George W. Mundy                    (b. 1905 - d. 2000)
 1 Aug 1963 - 28 Jul 1966  Raymond J. Reeves                  (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
28 Jul 1966 -  3 Jun 1967  Glen R. Birchard                   (b. 1914 - d. 1967)
29 Jun 1967 -  1 Aug 1969  Robert A. Breitweiser              (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
 1 Aug 1969 -  1 Aug 1972  Robert G. Ruegg                    (b. 1914 - d. 2009)
 1 Aug 1972 -  1 Sep 1974  James C. Sherrill                  (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
 1 Sep 1974 -  1 Jul 1975  James E. Hill                      (b. 1921 - d. 1999)

Far Eastern Command

 1 Jan 1947                Far Eastern Command
 1 Jul 1957                Disestablished, functions assumed by U.S. Pacific Command.

Commanders-in-chief, Far Eastern Command (in Tokyo, Japan)
 1 Jan 1947 - 11 Apr 1951  Douglas MacArthur                  (b. 1880 - d. 1964)
11 Apr 1951 -  9 May 1952  Matthew B. Ridgway                 (b. 1895 - d. 1993)
 9 May 1952 -  5 Oct 1953  Mark W. Clark                      (b. 1896 - d. 1984)
 5 Oct 1953 -  1 Apr 1955  John E. Hull                       (b. 1895 - d. 1975)
 1 Apr 1955 -  5 Jun 1955  Maxwell D. Taylor                  (b. 1901 - d. 1987)
 5 Jun 1955 -  1 Jul 1957  Lyman L. Lemnitzer                 (b. 1899 - d. 1988)

Northern Command (NORTHCOM)

[U.S. Northern Command
              (NORTHCOM)]

Commander-in-chief
, U.S. Northern Command
 1 Oct 2002 - 24 Oct 2002  Ralph E. Eberhart                  (b. 1946)
Commanders, U.S. Northern Command
24 Oct 2002 -  5 Nov 2004  Ralph E. Eberhart                  (s.a.)

 5 Nov 2004 - 23 Mar 2007  Timothy J. Keating                 (b. 1948)
23 Mar 2007 - 19 May 2010  Victor E. "Gene" Renuart, Jr.      (b. 1949)
19 May 2010 -  3 Aug 2011  James A. Winnefeld, Jr.            (b. 1956)
 
3 Auy 2011 -  5 Dec 2014  Charles H. Jacoby, Jr.             (b. 1954)
 5 Dec 2014 - 13 May 2016  William E. Gortney                 (b. 1955)
13 May 2016 - 24 May 2018  Lori J. Robinson (f)               (b. 1959)
24 May 2018 -              Terrence J. O'Shaughnessy          (b. 1964)

Southern Command (SOUTHCOM)

[U.S. Southern Command
                (SOUTHCOM)]

 1 Jul 1917                Panama Canal Department.
10 Feb 1941                Caribbean Defense Command.
 1 Nov 1947                U.S. Caribbean Command.
 6 Jun 1963                U.S. Southern Command.

Commanders-in-chief, Panama Canal Department
 
1 Jul 1917 - 14 Aug 1917  Edward H. Plummer                  (b. 1855 - d. 1927)
14 Aug 1917 - 31 Aug 1917  Adelbert Cronkhite                 (b. 1861 - d. 1937)
31 Aug 1917 - 28 Feb 1918  George F. Landers                  (b. 1865 - d. 1939)
28 Feb 1918 - 18 Apr 1919  Richard M. Blatchford              (b. 1859 - d. 1934)
18 Apr 1919 - 24 May 1921  Chase W. Kennedy                   (b. 1859 - d. 1936) 
24 May 1921 - 22 Oct 1921  Edwin B. Babbitt                   (b. 1862 - d. 1939)
22 Oct 1921 - 19 Sep 1924  Samuel D. Sturgis                  (b. 1861 - d. 1933)
19 Sep 1924 - 13 Jun 1926  William Lassiter                   (b. 1867 - d. 1959)
13 Jun 1926 -  2 Oct 1927  Charles H. Martin                  (b. 1863 - d. 1946)
 2 Oct 1927 -  1 Apr 1928  William S. Graves                  (b. 1865 - d. 1940)
 1 Apr 1928 - 10 Aug 1930  Malin Craig                        (b. 1875 - d. 1945)
10 Aug 1930 - 24 Nov 1930  George LeRoy Irwin                 (b. 1868 - d. 1931)
24 Nov 1930 -  5 Sep 1933  Preston Brown                      (b. 1872 - d. 1948)
 
5 Sep 1933 - 10 Nov 1935  Harold B. Fiske                    (b. 1871 - d. 1960)
10 Nov 1935 - 30 Jul 1936  Lytle Brown                        (b. 1872 - d. 1951)
30 Jul 1936 - 10 Feb 1937  Henry W. Butner                    (b. 1875 - d. 1937)
10 Feb 1937 - 12 Apr 1937  Frank W. Rowell                    (b. 1880 - d. 1947)
12 Apr 1937 -  8 Jan 1940  David L. Stone                     (b. 1876 - d. 1959)
 
8 Jan 1940 - 10 Feb 1941  Daniel Van Voorhis                 (b. 1878 - d. 1956)
Commanders-in-chief, Caribbean Defense Command
10 Feb 1941 - 19 Sep 1941  Daniel Van Voorhis                 (s.a.)
 9 Sep 1941 -  9 Nov 1942  Frank M. Andrews                   (b. 1884 - d. 1943)
 
9 Nov 1942 - 15 Oct 1945  George Howard Brett                (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
15 Oct 1945 -  1 Nov 1947  Willis D. Crittenberger            (b. 1890 - d. 1980)
Commanders-in-chief, U.S. Caribbean Command
 1 Nov 1947 - 28 Jun 1948  Willis D. Crittenberger            (s.a.)
28 Jun 1948 -  1 Oct 1949  Matthew B. Ridgway                 (b. 1895 - d. 1993)
 1 Oct 1949 -  1 Apr 1952  William H.H. Morris, Jr.           (b. 1890 - d. 1971)
 1 Apr 1952 - 15 Jun 1954  Horace L. McBride                  (b. 1894 - d. 1962)
15 Jun 1954 -  5 Jan 1957  William K. Harrison, Jr.           (b. 1895 - d. 1987)
 5 Jan 1957 - 20 Feb 1958  Robert M. Montague                 (b. 1899 - d. 1958)
20 Feb 1958 -  1 Apr 1958  Truman H. Landon (acting)          (b. 1905 - d. 1986)
 1 Apr 1958 - 15 Jul 1960  Ridgely Gaither                    (b. 1903 - d. 1992)
15 Jul 1960 -  1 Feb 1961  Robert F. Sink                     (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
 1 Feb 1961 -  6 Jun 1963  Andrew P. O'Meara                  (b. 1907 - d. 2005)
Commanders-in-chief, U.S. Southern Command.
 6 Jun 1963 - 22 Feb 1965  Andrew P. O'Meara                  (s.a.)
22 Feb 1965 - 18 Feb 1969  Robert W. Porter, Jr.              (b. 1908 - d. 2000)
18 Feb 1969 - 20 Sep 1971  George R. Mather                   (b. 1911 - d. 1993)
20 Sep 1971 - 17 Jan 1973  George V. Underwood, Jr.           (b. 1913 - d. 1984)
17 Jan 1973 -  1 Aug 1975  William B. Rosson                  (b. 1918 - d. 2004)
 1 Aug 1975 -  1 Oct 1979  Dennis P. McAuliffe                (b. 1922 - d. 2012)
 1 Oct 1979 - 24 May 1983  Wallace H. Nutting                 (b. 1928)
24 May 1983 -  1 Mar 1985  Paul F. Gorman                     (b. 1927)
 1 Mar 1985 -  6 Jun 1987  John R. Galvin                     (b. 1929 - d. 2015)
 6 Jun 1987 -  1 Oct 1989  Frederick F. Woerner, Jr.          (b. 1933)
 1 Oct 1989 - 21 Nov 1990  Maxwell R. Thurman                 (b. 1931 - d. 1995)
21 Nov 1990 - 15 Oct 1993  George A. Joulwan                  (b. 1939)
15 Oct 1993 - 17 Feb 1993  Walter T. Worthington (acting)     (b. 1940)
17 Feb 1994 -  1 Mar 1996  Barry R. McCaffrey                 (b. 1942)
 
1 Mar 1996 - 26 Jun 1996  James B. Perkins III (acting)      (b. 1942)
26 Jun 1996 - 13 Jul 1997  Wesley K. Clark                    (b. 1944)
13 Jul 1997 - 25 Sep 1997  Walter F. Doran (acting)           (b. 1945)
25 Sep 1997 -  8 Sep 2000  Charles E. Wilhelm                 (b. 1941)
 8 Sep 2000 - 30 Sep 2001  Peter Pace                         (b. 1945)
30 Sep 2001 - 18 Aug 2002  Gary D. Speer (acting)             (b. 1950)
18 Aug 2002 - 24 Oct 2002  James T. Hill                      (b. 1946)
Commanders, U.S. Southern Command
24 Oct 2002 -  9 Nov 2004  James T. Hill                      (s.a.)
 9 Nov 2004 - 19 Oct 2006  Bantz J. Craddock                  (b. 1949)
19 Oct 2006 - 25 Jun 2009  James G. Stavridis                 (b. 1955)
25 Jun 2009 - 19 Nov 2012  Douglas M. Fraser                  (b. 1953)
19 Nov 2012 - 14 Jan 2016  John F. Kelly                      (b. 1950)
14 Jan 2016 -
26 Nov 2018  Kurt W. Tidd                       (b. 1956)
26 Nov 2018 -              Craig S. Faller                    (b. 1961)

Space Command (USSPACECOM)

[U.S. Space Command
                        (USSPACECOM) 1985-2002] 1985 - 1 Oct 2002 [U.S. Space Command
                      (SPACECOM) 2019] Adopted 29 Aug 2019

23 Sep 1985                United States Space Command (USSPACECOM).
 1 Oct 2002               
Dis-established, functions assumed by U.S. Strategic Command
                             (
STRATCOM).
29 Aug 2019                United States Space Command (SPACECOM) re-activated.

Commanders-in-chief, U.S. Space Command
23 Sep 1985 -  5 Feb 1987  Robert Tralles Herres              (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
 
6 Feb 1987 - 30 Mar 1990  John L. "Pete" Piotrowski          (b. 1934)
 1 Apr 1990 - 30 Jun 1992  Donald J. Kutyna                   (b. 1933)
30 Jun 1992 - 12 Sep 1994  Charles "Chuck" A. Horner          (b. 1936)
13 Sep 1994 - 26 Aug 1996  Joseph W. Ashy                     (b. 1940)
27 Aug 1996 - 13 Aug 1998  Howell M. Estes III                (b. 1941)
14 Aug 1998 - 22 Feb 2000  Richard B. Myers                   (b. 1942)
22 Feb 2000 -  1 Oct 2002  Ralph E. "Ed" Eberhart             (b. 1946)
 1 Oct 2002 - 29 Aug 2019  dis-established
Commanders, U.S. Space Command
29 Aug 2019 - 20 Aug 2020  John "Jay" W. Raymond              (b. 1962)
20 Aug 2020 -              James H. Dickinson                 (b. 1963?)


Atlantic and Joint Forces Commands (JFCOM)

[U.S. Atlantic Command
                      (USACOM) 1993-1999] 1993 - 1999 [U.S. Joint Forces Command
                      (JFCOM) 1999-2011] 1999 - 2011

 1 Dec 1947                Atlantic Command (LANTCOM).
 1 Oct 1993                
U.S. Atlantic Command (USACOM).
 7 Oct 1999                Reorganized as U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCOM).
 4 Aug 2011                Disestablished, essential functions are reassigned
                             to other unified combatant commands.

Commanders-in-chief, Atlantic Command
 1 Dec 1947 -  1 Feb 1950  William H.P. Blandy                (b. 1890 - d. 1954)
 1 Feb 1950 - 15 Aug 1951  William M. Fechteler               (b. 1896 - d. 1967)
15 Aug 1951 - 12 Apr 1954  Lynde D. McCormick                 (b. 1895 - d. 1956)
12 Apr 1954 - 28 Feb 1960  Jerauld Wright                     (b. 1898 - d. 1995)
28 Feb 1960 - 30 Apr 1963  Robert L. Dennison                 (b. 1901 - d. 1980)
30 Apr 1963 - 30 Apr 1965  Harold Page Smith                  (b. 1904 - d. 1993)
30 Apr 1965 - 17 Jun 1967  Thomas H. Moorer                   (b. 1912 - d. 2004)
17 Jun 1967 - 30 Sep 1970  Ephraim P. Holmes                  (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
30 Sep 1970 - 31 Oct 1972  Charles K. Duncan                  (b. 1911 - d. 1994)
31 Oct 1972 - 30 May 1975  Ralph W. Cousins                   (b. 1915 - d. 2009)
30 May 1975 - 30 Sep 1978  Isaac C. Kidd, Jr.                 (b. 1919 - d. 1999)
30 Sep 1978 - 30 Sep 1982  Harry D. Train II                  (b. 1927)
30 Sep 1982 - 27 Nov 1985  Wesley L. McDonald                 (b. 1924 - d. 2009)
27 Nov 1985 - 22 Nov 1988  Lee Baggett, Jr.                   (b. 1927 - d. 1999)
22 Nov 1988 – 18 May
1990  Frank B. Kelso II                  (b. 1933 - d. 2013)
18 May 1990 – 13 Jul 1992  Leon A. Edney                      (b. 1935)
13 Jul 1992 - 31 Oct 1994  Paul D. Miller                     (b. 1941)
31 Oct 1994 – 24 Sep 1997  John J. Sheehan                    (b. 1940)
24 Sep 1997 –  7 Oct 1999  Harold W. Gehman, Jr.              (b. 1942)
Commanders-in-chief
, U.S. Joint Forces Command
 7 Oct 1999 –  5 Sep 2000  Harold W. Gehman, Jr.              (s.a.)
 5 Sep 2000 -  2 Oct 2002  William "Buck" F. Kernan           (b. 1946)
 2 Oct 2002 - 24 Oct 2002  Edmund P. Giambastiani, Jr.        (b. 1948)
Commanders, U.S. Joint Forces Command
24 Oct 2002 -  1 Aug 2005  Edmund P. Giambastiani, Jr.        (s.a.)
 1 Aug 2005 - 10 Aug 2005  Robert W. Wagner (acting)
10 Nov 2005 -  9 Nov 2007  Lance L. Smith                     (b. 1946)
 9 Nov 2007 -  8 Sep 2009  James N. Mattis                    (b. 1950)
 8 Sep 2009 - 29 Oct 2010  Keith M. Huber (acting)
29 Oct 2010 -  4 Aug 2011  Raymond T. Odierno                 (b. 1954)


National Security Agency

[U.S. National
                  Security Agency (NSA)]

NSA website

15 Jul 1949                Armed Forces Security Agency (AFSA).
 4 Nov 1952                National Security Agency (NSA).

Directors of the Armed Forces Security Agency
15 Jul 1949 - 15 Jul 1951  Earl E. Stone                      (b. 1895 - d. 1989)
15 Jul 1951 -  4 Nov 1952  Ralph J. Canine                    (b. 1895 - d. 1969)
Directors of the National Security Agency
 
4 Nov 1952 - 23 Nov 1956  Ralph J. Canine                    (s.a.)
24 Nov 1956 - 23 Nov 1960  John A. Samford                    (b. 1905 - d. 1968)

24 Nov 1960 - 30 Jun 1962  Laurence H. Frost                  (b. 1902 - d. 1977)
 1 Jul 1962 - 31 May 1965  Gordon A. Blake                    (b. 1910 - d. 1997)
 1 Jun 1965 - 31 Jul 1969  Marshall S. Carter                 (b. 1909 - d. 1993)
 1 Aug 1969 - 31 Jul 1972  Noel Gayler                        (b. 1914 - d. 2011)
 1 Aug 1972 - 14 Aug 1973  Samuel C. Phillips                 (b. 1921 - d. 1990)
15 Aug 1973 -  4 Jul 1977  Lew Allen, Jr.                     (b. 1925 - d. 2010)
 5 Jul 1977 - 31 Mar 1981  Bobby Ray Inman                    (b. 1931)
 1 Apr 1981 - 27 Mar 1985  Lincoln D. Faurer                  (b. 1928 - d. 2014)
27 Mar 1985 -  5 May 1985  Robert E. Rich (acting)            (b. 1926)
 5 May 1985 - 31 Jul 1988  William E. Odom                    (b. 1932 - d. 2008)
 1 Aug 1988 -  8 Apr 1992  William O. Studeman                (b. 1940)
 8 Apr 1992 - 22 May 1992  Robert L. Prestel (acting)         (b. 1936)
22 May 1992 - 22 Feb 1996  J. Michael McConnell               (b. 1943)
23 Feb 1996 - 15 Mar 1999  Kenneth A. Minihan                 (b. 1943)
25 Mar 1999 - 21 Apr 2005  Michael V. Hayden                  (b. 1945)
21 Apr 2005 - 31 Jul 2005  William B. Black, Jr. (acting)     (b. 1936)
 1 Aug 2005 - 28 Mar 2014  Keith B. Alexander                 (b. 1951)
 2 Apr 2014 -  4 May 2018  Michael S. Rogers                  (b. 1959)
 4 May 2018 -              Paul M. Nakasone                   (b. 1963)



Post Office Department
 
[U.S. Postmaster General's former flag
                          1903-c.1971]
1903 - 1 Jul 1971?
[U.S. Postal
                          Service (USPS) flag]
Adopted 1990's

United States Postal Service (USPS)

26 Jul 1775                Office of Postmaster General created by Congress.
 9 Mar 1829                Postmaster General becomes a cabinet member.
 8 Jun 1872                Post Office Department formally established as an 
                             executive department.
 1 Jul 1971                U.S. Postal Service (USPS)(ceases to be a cabinet post).

Postmasters General of the United States
26 Jul 1775 -  7 Nov 1776  Benjamin Franklin                  (b. 1706 - d. 1790)
 7 Nov 1776 - 28 Jan 1782  Richard Bache                      (b. 1737 - d. 1811)
28 Jan 1782 - 26 Sep 1789  Ebenezer Hazard                    (b. 1744 - d. 1817)
26 Sep 1789 - 19 Aug 1791  Samuel Osgood                      (b. 1747 - d. 1813)
19 Aug 1791 - 25 Feb 1795  Timothy Pickering                  (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
25 Feb 1795 - 28 Nov 1801  Joseph Habersham                   (b. 1751 - d. 1815)
28 Nov 1801 - 17 Mar 1814  Gideon Granger                     (b. 1767 - d. 1822)
17 Mar 1814 - 26 Jun 1823  Return Jonathan Meigs, Jr.         (b. 1764 - d. 1825)
26 Jun 1823
-  3 Mar 1829  John McLean                        (b. 1785 - d. 1861)
 9 Mar 1829
-  1 May 1835  William Taylor Barry               (b. 1785 - d. 1835)
 1 May 1835 - 19 May 1840  Amos Kendall                       (b. 1789 - d. 1869)
19 May 1840 -  3 Mar 1841  John Milton Niles                  (b. 1787 - d. 1856)
 4 Mar 1841 -  6 Mar 1841  Selah R. Hobbie (1st time)(acting) (b. 1797 - d. 1854)
 
6 Mar 1841 - 13 Oct 1841  Francis Granger                    (b. 1792 - d. 1868)
13 Oct 1841 -  6 Mar 1845  Charles Anderson Wickliffe         (b. 1788 - d. 1869)
 6 Mar 1845 -  5 Mar 1849  Cave Johnson                       (b. 1793 - d. 1866)
 6 Mar 1849 -  8 Mar 1849  Selah R. Hobbie (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1849 - 23 Jul 1850  Jacob Collamer                     (b. 1791 - d. 1865)
23 Jul 1850 - 14 Sep 1852  Nathan Kelsey Hall                 (b. 1810 - d. 1874)
14 Sep 1852 -  7 Mar 1853  Samuel Dickinson Hubbard           (b. 1799 - d. 1855)
 7 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  James Campbell                     (b. 1812 - d. 1893)
 6 Mar 1857 -  8 Mar 1859  Aaron Venable Brown                (b. 1795 - d. 1859)
 9 Mar 1859 - 14 Mar 1859  Horatio King (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1811 - d. 1897)
14 Mar 1859 - 31 Dec 1860  Joseph Holt                        (b. 1807 - d. 1894)
 1 Jan 1861 -  9 Mar 1861  Horatio King (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                             (acting to 12 Feb 1861)
 
9 Mar 1861 - 24 Sep 1864  Montgomery Blair                   (b. 1813 - d. 1883)
24 Sep 1864
- 25 Jul 1866  William Dennison, Jr.              (b. 1815 - d. 1882)
25 Jul 1866 -  3 Mar 1869  Alexander Williams Randall         (b. 1819 - d. 1872)
                             (acting to 25 Jul 1866)
 4 Mar 1869 -  5 Mar 1869  St. John B.L. Skinner (acting)     (b. 1797 - d. 1872)
 5 Mar 1869 -  7 Jul 1874  John Angel James Creswell          (b. 1828 - d. 1891)
 
7 Jul 1874 - 24 Aug 1874  James W. Marshall                  (b. 1822 - d. 1910)
24 Aug 1874
- 12 Jul 1876  Marshall Jewell                    (b. 1825 - d. 1883)
12 Jul 1876 - 12 Mar 1877  James M. Tyner                     (b. 1826 - d. 1904)
12 Mar 1877 -  2 Jun 1880  David McKendree Key                (b. 1814 - d. 1882)
 
2 Jun 1880 -  3 Mar 1881  Horace Maynard                     (b. 1814 - d. 1882)
 5
Mar 1881 - 20 Dec 1881  Thomas Lemuel James                (b. 1831 - d. 1916)
20 Dec 1881
- 26 Mar 1883  Timothy Otis Howe                  (b. 1816 - d. 1883)
26 Mar 1883 -  3 Apr 1883  Frank Hatton (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1846 - d. 1894) 
 
3 Apr 1883 - 25 Sep 1884  Walter Quintin Gresham             (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
25 Sep 1884 -  6 Mar 1885  Frank Hatton (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                             (acting to 14 Oct 1884)
 6 Mar 1885 -  6 Jan 1888  William Freeman Vilas              (b. 1840 - d. 1908)
 
6 Jan 1888 -  3 Mar 1889  Donald McDonald Dickinson          (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
 5 Mar 1889 -  3 Mar 1893  John Wanamaker                     (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
 6 Mar 1893 -  1 Mar 1895  Wilson Shannon Bissell             (b. 1847 - d. 1903)
 1 Mar 1895
-  3 Mar 1897  William Lyne Wilson                (b. 1843 - d. 1900)
 5 Mar 1897 - 21 Apr 1898  James Albert Gary                  (b. 1833 - d. 1920)
21 Apr 1898 -  9 Jan 1902  Charles Emory Smith                (b. 1842 - d. 1902)
 9 Jan 1902 - 10 Oct 1904  Henry Clay Payne                   (b. 1843 - d. 1904)
10 Oct 1904 -  3 Mar 1905  Robert John Wynne                  (b. 1851 - d. 1905)
 
6 Mar 1905 - 15 Jan 1907  George Bruce Cortelyou             (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
15 Jan 1907 -  3 Mar 1909  George von Lengerke Meyer          (b. 1858 - d. 1918)
 5 Mar 1909 -  3 Mar 1913  Frank Harris Hitchcock             (b. 1867 - d. 1935)
 5 Mar 1913 -  3 Mar 1921  Albert Sidney Burleson             (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
 5 Mar 1921 -  4 Mar 1922  Will Harrison Hays                 (b. 1879 - d. 1954)
 
4 Mar 1922 - 27 Feb 1923  Hubert Work                        (b. 1860 - d. 1942)
27 Feb 1923 -  3 Mar 1929
  Harry S. New                       (b. 1858 - d. 1937)
 
5 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Walter F. Brown                    (b. 1869 - d. 1961)
 4 Mar 1933 - 10 Sep 1940  James Aloysius Farley              (b. 1888 - d. 1976)
10 Sep 1940 -  8 May 1945  Frank Comerford Walker             (b. 1886 - d. 1959)
 8 May 1945 - 16 Dec 1947 
Robert Emmet Hennegan              (b. 1903 - d. 1949)
16 Dec 1947 - 20 Jan 1953  Jesse Monroe Donaldson             (b. 1885 - d. 1970)
21 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961  Arthur Ellsworth Summerfield       (b. 1899 - d. 1972)
21 Jan 1961 - 30 Sep 1963  J. Edward Day                      (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
30 Sep 1963 -  3 Nov 1965  John Austin Gronouski              (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
 3 Nov 1965 - 26 Apr 1968  Lawrence Francis O'Brien           (b. 1917 - d. 1990)
26 Apr 1968 - 20 Jan 1969  W. Marvin Watson                   (b. 1924 - d. 2017)   
22 Jan 1969 -  1 Jan 1972  Winton M. Blount                   (b. 1921 - d. 2002)
 1 Jan 1972 - 16 Feb 1975  E.T. "Ted" Klassen                 (b. 1908 - d. 1990)
16 Feb 1975 - 15 Mar 1978  Benjamin F. Bailar                 (b. 1934 - d. 2017)
15 Mar 1978 -  1 Jan 1985  William F. Bolger                  (b. 1923 - d. 1989)
 1 Jan 1985 -  7 Jan 1986  Paul N. Carlin                     (b. 1931 - d. 2018)
 7 Jan 1986 - 16 Aug 1986  Albert V. Casey                    (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
16 Aug 1986 -  1 Mar 1988  Preston Robert Tisch               (b. 1926 - d. 2005)
 1 Mar 1988 -  6 Jul 1992  Anthony M. Frank                   (b. 1931)
 6 Jul 1992 - 16 May 1998  Marvin T. Runyon                   (b. 1924 - d. 2004)
16 May 1998 -  1 Jun 2001  William J. Henderson               (b. 1947)
 1 Jun 2001 -  3 Dec 2010  John E. Potter                     (b. 1956)
 3 Dec 2010 -  1 Feb 2015  Patrick R. Donahoe                 (b. 1955)
                             (acting to 6 Dec 2010)
 1 Feb 2015 -
15 Jun 2020  Megan J. Brennan (f)               (b. 1961)
15 Jun 2020 -             
Louis DeJoy                        (b. 1957)



Department of the Treasury

[Flag of the U.S.
                      Secretary of the Treasury, 1887-1915] 1887 - 1915 [Flag of the U.S.
                      Secretary of the Treasury, 1915-1963] 1915 - 1 Jul 1963 [Flag of the Department of
                      the Treasury (U.S.)] Adopted 1 Jul 1963

Department of Treasury

 
 7 Feb 1781                Office of the Superintendent of Finance of the United States.

28 May 1784                Board of Treasury
 2 Sep 1789                Department of the Treasury

Superintendent of Finance
13 Mar 1781 -  1 Nov 1784  Robert Morris, Jr.                 (b. 1734 - d. 1806)
Commissioners of the Board of Treasury
Nov 1784 - 11 Sep 1789     Samuel Osgood                      (b. 1747 - d. 1813)
                           + Walter Livingston                (b. 1740 - d. 1797)
                           + Arthur Lee                       (b. 1740 - d. 1792)
Secretaries of the Treasury

11 Sep 1789 - 31 Jan 1795  Alexander Hamilton                 (b. 1757 - d. 1804)
 
2 Feb 1795 - 31 Dec 1800  Oliver Wolcott, Jr.                (b. 1760 - d. 1833)
 1 Jan 1801 - 13 May 1801  Samuel Dexter                      (b. 1761 - d. 1816)
14 May 1801 -  8 Feb 1814  Albert Gallatin                    (b. 1761 - d. 1849)
21 Apr 1813 -  8 Feb 1814  William Jones                      (b. 1760 - d. 1831)
                             (acting for absent Gallatin)
 9 Feb 1814 -  5 Oct 1814  George W. Campbell                 (b. 1769 - d. 1848)
 
6 Oct 1814 - 21 Oct 1816  Alexander J. Dallas                (b. 1759 - d. 1817)
21 Oct 1816 - 22 Oct 1816  William Jones (acting)             (s.a.)
22 Oct 1816 -  6 Mar 1825  William H. Crawford                (b. 1772 - d. 1834)
 7 Mar 1825 - 31 Jul 1825  Samuel L. Southard (acting)        (b. 1787 - d. 1842)
 1 Aug 1825 -  5 Mar 1829  Richard Rush                       (b. 1780 - d. 1859)
 6 Mar 1829 - 20 Jun 1831  Samuel D. Ingham                   (b. 1779 - d. 1860)
21 Jun 1831 -  8 Aug 1831  Asbury Dickens (acting)            (b. 1780 - d. 1861)
 8 Aug 1831 - 28 May 1833  Louis McLane                       (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
29 May
1833 - 22 Sep 1833  William J. Duane                   (b. 1780 - d. 1865)
23 Sep 1833 - 25 Jun 1834  Roger B. Taney                     (b. 1777 - d. 1864)
25 Jun 1834 -  1 Jul 1834  McClintock Young (1st time)(acting)(b. 1810 - d. 1863)
 1 Jul 1834 -  3 Mar 1841  Levi Woodbury                      (b. 1789 - d. 1851)
 4 Mar 1841 -  5 Mar 1841  McClintock Young (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
 5 Mar 1841 - 11 Sep 1841  Thomas Ewing                       (b. 1789 - d. 1871)
11 Sep 1841 - 13 Sep 1841  McClintock Young (3rd time)(acting)(s.a.)
13 Sep 1841 -  1 Mar 1843  Walter Forward                     (b. 1786 - d. 1852)
 1 Mar 1843 -  8 Mar 1843  McClintock Young (4th time)(acting)(s.a.)
 8 Mar 1843 -  2 May 1844  John C. Spencer                    (b. 1788 - d. 1855)
 2 May 1844 -  4 Jul 1844  McClintock Young (5th time)(acting)(s.a.)
 4 Jul 1844 -  7 Mar 1845  George M. Bibb                     (b. 1776 - d. 1859)
 8 Mar 1845 -  5 Mar 1849  Robert J. Walker                   (b. 1801 - d. 1869)
 6 Mar 1849 -  8 Mar 1849  McClintock Young (6th time)(acting)(s.a.)
 8 Mar 1849 - 22 Jul 1850  William M. Meredith                (b. 1799 - d. 1873)
23 Jul 1850 -  6 Mar 1853  Thomas Corwin                      (b. 1794 - d. 1865)
 7 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  James Guthrie                      (b. 1792 - d. 1869)
 
7 Mar 1857 -  8 Dec 1860  Howell Cobb                        (b. 1815 - d. 1868)
 
9 Dec 1860 - 12 Dec 1860  Isaac Toucey (acting)              (b. 1796 - d. 1869)
12 Dec 1860 - 14 Jan 1861  Philipp F. Thomas                  (b. 1810 - d. 1890)
15 Jan 1861 -  6 Mar 1861  John A. Dix                        (b. 1789 - d. 1879)
 7 Mar 1861 - 30 Jun 1864  Salmon P. Chase                    (b. 1808 - d. 1873)
 1 Jul 1861 -  5 Jul 1864  George Harrington (1st time)       (b. 1815 - d. 1892)
                             (acting)
 5 Jul 1864 -  3 Mar 1865  William P. Fessenden               (b. 1806 - d. 1869)
 4 Mar 1865 -  9 Mar 1865  George Harrington (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)        
 9 Mar 1865 -  5 Mar 1869  Hugh McCulloch (1st time)          (b. 1808 - d. 1895)
 5 Mar 1869 - 11 Mar 1869  John F. Hartley (acting)           (b. 1809 - d. 1897)
12 Mar 1869 - 16 Mar 1873  George S. Boutwell                 (b. 1818 - d. 1905)
17 Mar 1873 -  3 Jun 1874  William A. Richardson              (b. 1821 - d. 1896)
 4 Jun 1874 - 20 Jun 1876  Benjamin H. Bristow                (b. 1832 - d. 1890)
21 Jun 1876 - 30 Jun 1876  Charles F. Conant (acting)         (b. 1835 - d. 1886)
 7 Jul 1876 -  9 Mar 1877  Lot M. Morrill                     (b. 1813 - d. 1883)
10 Mar 1877 -  3 Mar 1881  John Sherman                       (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
 4 Mar 1881 -  8 Mar 1881  Henry F. French (1st time)(acting) (b. 1813 - d. 1885)
 8 Mar 1881 - 13 Nov 1881  William H. Windom (1st time)       (b. 1827 - d. 1891)
14 Nov 1881 -  4 Sep 1884  Charles J. Folger                  (b. 1818 - d. 1884)
 4 Sep 1884 -  8 Sep 1884  Charles E. Coon (1st time)(acting) (b. 1842 - d. 1920)
 8 Sep 1884 - 15 Sep 1884
 Henry F. French (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
15 Sep 1884 - 24 Sep 1884  Charles E. Coon (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
24 Sep 1884 - 30 Oct 1884  Walter Q. Gresham                  (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
30 Oct 1884 - 30 Oct 1884  Henry F. French (3rd time)(acting) (s.a.)
31 Oct 1884 -  7 Mar 1885  Hugh McCulloch (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1885 - 31 Mar 1887  Daniel Manning                     (b. 1831 - d. 1887)
 1 Apr 1887 -  6 Mar 1889  Charles S. Fairchild               (b. 1842 - d. 1924)
 7 Mar 1889 - 29 Jan 1891  William H. Windom (2nd time)       (s.a.)
30 Jan 1891 - 24 Feb 1891  Allured B. Nettleton (acting)      (b. 1840 - d. 1911)
25 Feb 1891 -  6 Mar 1893  Charles Foster                     (b. 1828 - d. 1904)
 
7 Mar 1893 -  5 Mar 1897  John G. Carlisle                   (b. 1835 - d. 1910)
 6
Mar 1897 - 31 Jan 1902  Lyman J. Gage                      (b. 1836 - d. 1927)
 1 Feb 1902 -  3 Mar 1907  Leslie M. Shaw                     (b. 1848 - d. 1932)
 4 Mar 1907 -  7 Mar 1909  George B. Cortelyou                (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
 8 Mar 1909 -  5 Mar 1913  Franklin MacVeagh                  (b. 1837 - d. 1934)
 6 Mar 1913 - 15 Dec 1918  William G. McAdoo                  (b. 1863 - d. 1941)
16 Dec 1918 -  1 Feb 1920  Carter Glass                       (b. 1858 - d. 1946)
 2 Feb 1920 -  3 Mar 1921  David F. Houston