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Nepali Princely states

StatesBajhang - Bajura - Bhirkot - Chaudandi - Darna - Doti - Dullu - Galkot - Garhunkot - Jajarkot - Jumla - Khanchi - Khumrikot and Pyuthan - Lambjang and Kaski - Makwanpur - Malneta - Musikot - Nuwakot - Palpa - Parbat - Phalabang - Salyan - Thalahara - Udayapur  - Vijayapur -

Note:
After the late 13th century the Khas empire collapsed and divided into the Baise rajya (22 principalities) in the Karnali-Bheri region and the Chaubise rajya (24 principalities) in the Gandaki region.  The rajya system under the unified Nepal granted vassal states a substantial measure of local autonomy. A few principalities were incorporated into the Gorkha empire on this condition and the seven principalities so included were Bajura, Bajhang, Darna, Jajarkot, Sallyan, Mustang and Udayapur. The pacification and control over the western principalities was not complete even by 1846 and the declining state had to face fresh trouble in 1847. Over the 19th century the local elites were able to extract concessions from the Nepali state by demanding that their rajyas be restored to them, and Achham, Bhirkot, Dhurkot, Dullu, Galkot, Garhunkot, Jumla, Kaski and Lamjung, Khumrikot and Pyuthan, Malbara, Malneta, and Musikot were granted the status of rajya. A few of the former Nepali princely states were annexed by British India like Kumaon annexed to Nepal 1790 annexed by British India in 1816, and Tulsipur annexed to Nepal in 1786 annexed by British India in 1859. Tulsipur (1786 NP, 1859 UK). For the Tibetan polity of Mustang under Nepal. 
  In 1959, the Rajya Courts Abolition Act deprived the rajyas of their judicial authority. The
rajya states and their rulers rights and privileges were abolished by the Rajya Rajauta (Petty States and Rulers) Act, 2017 (1961) on 9 Apr 1961, however the act allowed the some rulers of Mustang, Salyan, Jajarkot, and Bajhang to keep their inheritable titles.  The remaining traditional kingships under Nepali sovereignty were abolished on 7 Oct 2008. 



Bajhang

13..                       Bajhang state
 
9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.
 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished
by Nepal.

Rajas

.... - 1679                Ratan Singh                        (d. 1679)
                             [47th ruler]
1679 - 1688                Kalyan Singh
1688 - 1730                Amar Singh
1730 - 1804                Samudra Sen
1804 - 1807                Raghunath Singh                    (d. 1807)
1807 - 1812                Indra Singh                        (d. 1812)
1812 - 1869                Gajaraja Singh                     (d. 1869)
1869 - 18..                Bhupendra Singh
18.. - 1889                Bikram Bahadur Singh (1st time)    (b. 1854 - d. 1923)
1889 - 1914                Jai Prithvi Bahadur Singh          (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
1914 - 1923                Bikram Bahadur Singh (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1923 - 1941                Devi Jung Bahadur Singh            (b. 1884 - d. 1941)
1941 - 19..                Ram J
ung Bahadur Singh             (b. 1909 - d. ....)
19.. - c.1962              Om Jung Bahadur Singh              (d. c.1962)
c.1963 - 1989              Deepak Jang B
ahadur Singh 
1989 -  7 Oct 2008         Binod
Bahadur Singh                (b. c.1961)


Bajura

c.1450                     Bajura possibly founded (located on the left banks of the Seti
                             River, ruled by Simhas of the Suryavamshi dynasty).
Aug 1791
                   Annexed to Nepal, royalty continues.
1871 - 1886                Satsayakudi split from Bajura
by Nepal with Mukunda Simha as Raja.
 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal.
 
Rajas

c.1450                     Dungara Singh [1st ruler]
.... - ....                ....
c.1791                     Ananta Sahi
c.1800                     Mandhir Sahi
                             (confirmed Oct 1812)
c.1844                     Bikram Bahadur Shah                (d. bf.1887)
Nov 1889 - 18..            Deepa Bahadur Shah
c.1897                     Narendra Bahadur Shah              (b. 1847 - d. 19..) 


 
Bhirkot

1495                       Bhirkot state founded by Bhupal Rana of Gorkha.
1785                       Annexed to Nepal, royalty continues.

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.
 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished
by Nepal.


Rajas         
.... - 1785                Chakrapati Khand
1785 - 1792                Indrabhupal Khand                  (d.  1792)
1792 - ....                Harikrishna Khand
.... - ....                Ananta Khand
.... - ....               
Rudra Bhupal Khand
.... - ....                Jaina Khand
.... - ....                Lalit Bahadur Khand
.... - ....               
Tamra Dhowj Khand
1912 -  6 Mar 2001         Tarak Bahadur Shah                 (b. c.1903 - d. 2001)
 6 Mar 2001 - 13 Nov 2002  Rishikesh Shah                     (b. 1925 - d. 2002)
13 Nov 2002 -
  7 Oct 2008  Prakash Shah



Chaudandi

1730                       Chaudandi founded
16 Jul 1773                Annexed to Nepal.

Rajas
1730 - 17..                Jagat Sen
17.. - 17..                Mukunda Sen (IV)
17.. - 1762                Vikrama Sen
1762 - 16 Jul 1773         Karna Sen



Darna

....                       Darna (situated between Achhma and Bogatan, ruled by a
                             branch of the Varman Shahis of Achham).

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal.
 
Rajas
.... - ....                Dipavarman Shahi
.... - ....                ....
1952 - ....                Devendra Bahadur Shah


 
Doti

c.1200                     Doti founded.
1786                       Annexed to Nepal.

1802                       Restored as a vassal of Nepal.

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal.

Rulers
(title R
aika Maharaj)
1630 - 1642                Rudra Shahi
1642 - 1671                Vikram Shahi
1671 - 1690                Mandhata Shahi
1690 - 1720                Raghunath Shahi
1720 - 1760                Hari Shahi
1760 - 1785                Krishna Shahi
1785 - 1790                Deep Shahi
1790 - af.1815             Prithivi Pati Shahi
16 Dec 1816 - 1822         Pahad Shahi
18.. - ....                Narapati Shahi
.....  ....                ....
c.1914  - ....             Dambar Dhwaj Shahi


 
Dullu

c.1378                     Dullu, also called
Raskot, founded by a division of Mailbham.
1790                       Annexed to Nepal.

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal.


Rajas

.... - ....                Vijayshahi
.... - ....                Pithaishahi
.... - ....                Prithvipatishahi
c.1710                     Vikramashahi
17.. - 17..                Ramadarrashahi
17.. - Mar 1791            Uttam Shah                         (d. 1791)
.... - ....               
Rudrashahi
.... - ....                Bhaktashahi
.... - ....                ....              
c.1874                    
Bhakta Bahadur Shah
.... - ....                ....           
.... - ....               
Prithvinarayanshah
.... - ....                Udairatnashah
.... - ....                Punyaratnashah
c.1929                     Jang Bahadur Shah


 
Galkot

1574                       Galkot state founded.
 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.
 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished by Nepal.

Rajas         
.... - ....                Jitarimalla
c.1720                    
Parthivamalla
.... - ....                Bibhumalla
.... - ....                Shripatimalla
.... - ....                Pirthipatimalla
.... - ....                Narayanamall
.... - ....                Shreeniwasamalla
.... - ....               
Jagat Bam Malla
.... - ....                Jagat Pratap Malla
.... - ....                Rajaya Pratap Malla
.... - ....                Prithvi Bam Malla
.... - ....                Lalit Bam Malla
.... - ....                Narayan Bam Malla
.... - 1960                Bharat Bam Malla
1960 - 14 May 2002         Madhav Bam Malla                   (b. 19.. - d. 2002)
14 May 2002 -  7 Oct 2008  Mukunda Bam Malla


 
Garhunkot

Jun 1866                   Garhunkot made a thekka rajya.

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal.

Rajas
c.1866                     Prithivipati Khan
c.1894                     Puran Chandra Khan


 
Jajarkot

14th cent.                 Jajarkot state split from Parbat.
1786                       Annexed to Nepal, royalty continues.
 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.

 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished by Nepal.

Rajas
.... - ....                ....
bf.1769 - af.1796          Gajendra Shah Dev
.... - ....                Jaktra Singh
c.1807 - 1830             
Deep Narayan Shah
.... - ....                ....
c.1877                     Narendra Bikram Shah
c.1896                     Upendra Bikram Shah
.... - ....                ....
.... - ....                Swayam Prakash Bikram Shah
.... - ....               
Prakash Bikram Shah                (d. 2003)


 
Jumla

c.1404                     Jumla (Jyumla) state formed by Khasa tribes
                             merging Guge and Purang.
Oct 1788                   Annexed to Nepal.

Maharajas
1528 1588/89             Bhanashahi                         (d. 1588/89)
1588/89 1599             Salimashahi                        (d. 1599)
1599 - 1600                Visekaraj
1600 - 1602                Vasantaraj
1602 1621                Vikramshahi
1621 - 1635                Surtishahi
1635 1665                Bahadurashahi                      (d. 1665)
1665 1676                Birabhadrashai
1676 1678?               Salimashahi II
16.. - 16..                Narasinghashahi
16.. - 16..                Lachhimanashahi
16.. 1719?               Prithvipatishahi
1720 1740                Surathashahi                       (d. 1740)
1740 1758                Sudarasanashahi                    (d. 1758)
1758 1788                Suryabhanshahi                     (d. 1790)
1782                       Krishnashahi Devichandashahi 
                             (in rebellion)


Khanchi

1435                       Khanchi state founded
1786                       Annexed to
Nepal.

Rajas
.... - ....                ....
.... - 1786                Durga Bhajan Shah [last ruler]


Khumrikot and Pyuthan

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.
 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished
by Nepal.

Rajas
.... - ....                ....
.... -  7 Oct 2008         Fatteh Prachanda Bahdur Singh


Lambjang and Kaski

 6 Aug 1856                Lambjang and Kaski granted to Jang Bahadur Kunwar Rana the
                             Rana Prime minister of Nepal as a hereditary possession.
15 Feb 1951                Abolished by Nepal.

Maharajas (title Sri Sri Sri Maharaja)
 6 Aug 1856 - 25 Feb 1877  Jang Bahadur Kunwar Rana           (b. 1817 - d. 1877)
                            
(from 6 Jul 1858, Sir Jang Bahadur Kunwar Rana)
27 Feb 1877 - 22 Nov 1885  Sir Ranaudip Singh Bahadur Rana    (b. 1825 - d. 1885)
22 Nov 1885 -  5 Mar 1901  Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana     (b. 1852 - d. 1901)
                             (from 25 May 1892, Sir Bir Rana)
 5 Mar 1901 - 27 Jun 1901  Deva Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana    (b. 1862 - d. 1914)
27 Jun 1901 - 26 Nov 1929  Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (b. 1863 - d. 1929)
26 Nov 1929 -  1 Sep 1932  Bhim Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana    (b. 1865 - d. 1932)
                             (from 24 Dec 1911, Sir Bahim Rana)
 1 Sep 1932 - 29 Nov 1945  Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana  (b. 1875 - d. 1952)
                             (from 1 Jan 1917, Sir Juddha Rana)
29 Nov 1945 - 30 Apr 1948  Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana   (b. 1882 - d. 1961)
                             (from 4 Feb 1919, Sir Padma Rana)
30 Apr 1948 - 15 Feb 1951  Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana   (b. 1885 - d. 1967)
                             (from 17 Jan 1924, Sir Mohan Rana)


Makwanpur

1553                       Makwanpur founded split from Palpa.
1609 - 1769                Rajas of Makwanpur also ruled over Morang.
24 Aug 1762                Annexed to the Gorkha state.

Rajas
1606 - 1661                Lohang Sen
1661 - 1684                Harihara Sen
1684 - 1706                Subha Sen
1706 - af.1708             Manik Sen I                        (d. af.1708)
.... - ....                Hemkarna Sen
.... -
24 Aug 1762         Digbandhan Sen                     (d. af.1763)
c.1764                     Manik Sen II



Malneta

1733                       Malneta state founded.

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.
 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished
by Nepal.


Rajas

.... - ....                ....
.... -  7 Oct 2008         Yodhar Jung Shah                   (b. 1937)



Musikot

1497                       Muksikot state founded, split from Rukum.
1786                       Annexed to Nepal.

Rajas
c.1785                     Bhakta Sen


Mustang (Mastang): see under Nepal

Nuwakot

1744/85                    Annexed to Nepal.
 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.
 
Rajas
.... - ....                Micha Khan
.... - ....                Jayadeva Khan
.... - ....                Kulamardan Shah
.... - ....                ....
.... - c.1744              Jayanta Rana                      (d. c.1744)
c.1744                     Kunwar Shankamani Rana
c.1785                     Aridaman Shah
c.1807                     Kirti Mahoddam Shah


Palpa

1493                       Palpa state founded.
1804                       Annexed to Nepal

Kings

.... - ....                Manikya Sen [3rd ruler]
.... - ....                ....
.... - ....                Ambar Sen
.... - ....               
Gundharva (Gandharba) Sen
.... - ....                Mukunda Sen II
.... - ....                Mahadatta Sen
.... - 1804                Prithvipal Sen                     (d. 1806)


 
Parbat

1436                       Parbat state founded
25 Sep 1786                Annexed to Nepal, royalty continues.

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal.
 

Rajas
.... - ....                .... - ....                .... - ....                .... - ....                ...
c.1610                     Ranjabammalla [6th ruler]
.... - ....                Shivamalla
.... - ....                Narayanamalla II
.... - ....               
Ghanashyamalla
c.1736                     Malaibammalla II
.... - ....               
Shahabamamalla II
.... - ....               
Kirtibamamalla
.... - ....                Narasinghabamamalla
.... - ....                Rajavikramamalla
.... - ....               
Vijayabamamalla
.... - ....               
Chakrakumaramalla
.... - 1929                Prithvibahaduramalla               (d. 1929)

 
Phalabang

1837                       Phalabang state created.
 9 Apr 1961                Annexed to Nepal.

Rajas
1837 - 1847                Tej Bahadur Shah
1847 - c.1871              Narendra Bahadur Shah
19.. - 1961                Gopendra Bahadur Shah



Salyan

14th cent.                 Salyan state split from Parbat.
25 Sep 1786                Annexed to Nepal, royalty continues.
 9 Apr 1961                Abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.

 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished by Nepal.
 
Rajas (title Raja Shri Shri Shri)
c.1418                     Jagatrabam [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Doraijaithubam
c.1436                     Anamma
.... - ....                Chandram
.... - ....                ....
.... - ....                Sangram Shah
.... - 1794                Shri Krishna Shah
1794 - 1810                Ranabhima Shah
                             (personal style Sriman Maharajadhiraja)
1810 - 18..                Raghunatha Shah
18.. - 1838                Raghuraj Shah
1838 - 1847                Tej Bahadur Shah                   (d. 1847)
1847 - 1871                Narendra Bahadur Shah              (d. 1871)
1871 - 1872                Toran Divyeshwari Devi (f) -Rani
1872 - 18..                Khadga Divyeshwari Devi (f) -Rani
1896 - ....                Shamsher Bahadur Shah              (d. af.1936)
.... - 19..                Gehendra Bahadur Shah
1955 - 1961                Jitendra Bahadur Shah
19.. - ....                Gopendra
Bahadur Shah              (d. 2003)


Thalahara

 9 Apr 1961                State abolished by Nepal, royalty continues.
 7 Oct 2008                Traditional kingship abolished
by Nepal.

Rajas
.... - ....                ....
c.1852                     Gajendra Simha
.... - ....                Kirti Bahadur Singh
.... - ....                Bhup Narayan Singh
.... - 15 Mar 2008         Jharendra Narayan Singh             (b. 1924 - d. 2018)


Udayapur

 
9 Apr 1961                Abolished to Nepal.

Rajas
.... - ....                Jasudhara Karki Upadhyaya
                             [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Durlabha Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Chudamani Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Devirama Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Udayaraja Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Krishna Karki Upadhyaya
c.1768                     Bhupala KarkiUpadhyaya
.... - ....                Jaimuni Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Dalaparaja Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Icchawarama Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Parsarama Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Rudramani Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Janishwara Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Naranarayana Karki Upadhyaya
.... - ....                Damodara Karki Upadhyaya        
.... - 1961                Hari Prasada
Karki Upadhyaya


Vijayapur


17 Jul 1774                Annexed to Nepal.

Rajas (title Raja Hindupati)
.... - ....                Raghava Narendra Sen
.... - ....                Harihara Indra Sen
.... - ....                Chhatrapati Indra Sen
1684 - 1706                Vidhata Indra Sen
1706 - 1726                Padmidhata Induraj Rajeswari
                             Sabitra Sen (f) -Rani
1725 - 1761                Mahipati Sen
1761                       Vishwantar Sen
1761 - 1769                Kamadatta Sen                      (d. 1769)
1769 - 1770                Raghunath Sen                      (d. 1769)
1770 - 1774                Karna Sen                          (d. 1774)






Ben Cahoon