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United States Government

Contents: Vice Presidents - State DepartmentDepartment of Defense (DOD) - Department of the Army - National Guard Bureau - Department of the Navy - Department of the Air Force - Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff - Chiefs of the Army Staff - Corps of Engineers - Women's Army Corps (WAC) - Chiefs of Naval Operations - Women Accepted Emergency Service (WAVES) - Commandants of the Marine Corps - Marine Corps Women's Reserve - Chiefs of the Air Force Staff - Women in the Air Force (WAF) - National Security Agency (NSA) - Post Office Department - Department  of the Treasury - Comptroller of Currency - Internal Revenue Service (IRS)U.S. Mint - Department of Justice (DOJ)  - Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) - Solicitor General  - Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) - Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives (ATF) - Federal Bureau of Prisons - U.S. Marshals Service - Department  of the Interior (DOI) - Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) - Bureau of Land Management (BLM) - Bureau of Reclamation - Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) - U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - National Park Service (NPS) - War Relocation Authority (WRA) - Department of Agriculture - Forest Service - Department of Commerce (DOC) - Commerce and Labor - Census Bureau - Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admin. (NOAA) - NOAA Commissioned Officers Corps - National Weather Service - Department of Labor (DOL) - Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUDD) - Department  of Transportation (DOT)  - Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)  - Maritime Administration - Department  of Energy (DOE) - Atomic Energy  Commission (AEC) - Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) - Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) - Surgeon General - Public Health Service (PHS) - Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) - Department of Education - Department of Veterans Affairs - Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - Coast Guard (USCG) - Coast Guard Women's Reserve (SPARs) - U.S. Customs - Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) - Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) - U.S. Border Patrol - Secret Service (USSS) -Transportation Security Administration (TSA)  - 
U.S. Government Part 2: UN Representative - White House Chief  of  Staff - Director of National Intelligence (DNI) - National Security Advisor - Trade Representative (USTR) - American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - Federal Reserve System - Federal Communications Commission (FCC) - Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (FDIC) - Federal Trade Commission (FTC) - General Services Administration (GSA) - National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) - National Archives (NARA) - National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) - National Science Foundation (NSF) - Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) - Peace Corps - Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) - Social Security Administration (SSA) - Smithsonian Institution - Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) - U.S. Supreme Court - U.S. Senate - House of Representatives - Library of Congress (LOC) - Government Accountability Office (GAO)- Democratic National Committee (DNC) - Republican National Committee (RNC) -
Former Governments: Confederate States of America (1861-1865) - Hawaii (1795-1900) - Texas Republic (1836-1846) - Vermont (1777-1791) 

Vice Presidents

[1st
                      flag of the Vice President 1936-48]                7 Feb 1936 - 10 Nov 1948
[2nd
                      flag of the Vice President 1948-75]           10 Nov 1948 - 7 Oct 1975
[flag of
                      the Vice President of the United States]               Adopted 7 Oct 1975

White House website

Vice Presidents¹
21 Apr 1789 -  4 Mar 1797  John Adams                        (b. 1735 - d. 1826)  Fed
 4 Mar 1797 -  4 Mar 1801  Thomas Jefferson                  (b. 1743 - d. 1826)  D-R
 4 Mar 1801 -  4 Mar 1805  Aaron Burr                        (b. 1756 - d. 1836)  D-R
 4 Mar 1805 - 20 Apr 1812  George Clinton                    (b. 1739 - d. 1812)  D-R
20 Apr 1812 -  4 Mar 1813  Vacant
 4 Mar 1813 - 23 Nov 1814  Elbridge Gerry                    (b. 1744 - d. 1814)  D-R
 4 Mar 1817 -  4 Mar 1825  Daniel D. Tompkins                (b. 1744 - d. 1825)  D-R
 4 Mar 1825 - 28 Dec 1832  John Caldwell Calhoun             (b. 1782 - d. 1850)  Dem
28 Dec 1832 -  4 Mar 1833  Vacant
 4 Mar 1833 -  4 Mar 1837  Martin van Buren                  (b. 1782 - d. 1862)  Dem
 4 Mar 1837 -  4 Mar 1841  Richard Mentor Johnson            (b. 1780 - d. 1850)  Dem
 4 Mar 1841 -  4 Apr 1841  John Tyler                        (b. 1790 - d. 1862)  Whg
 4 Apr 1841 -  4 Mar 1845  Vacant
 4 Mar 1845 -  4 Mar 1849  George Mifflin Dallas             (b. 1792 - d. 1864)  Dem
 4 Mar 1849 -  9 Jul 1850  Millard Fillmore                  (b. 1800 - d. 1874)  Whg
 9 Jul 1850 -  4 Mar 1853  Vacant
 4 Mar 1853 - 18 Apr 1853  William Rufus de Vane King        (b. 1786 - d. 1853)  Dem
18 Apr 1853 -  4 Mar 1857  Vacant
 4 Mar 1857 -  4 Mar 1861  John Cabell Breckinridge          (b. 1821 - d. 1875)  Dem
 4 Mar 1861 -  4 Mar 1865  Hannibal Hamlin                   (b. 1809 - d. 1891)  Rep
 4 Mar 1865 - 15 Apr 1865  Andrew Johnson                    (b. 1808 - d. 1875)  Dem
15 Apr 1865 -  4 Mar 1869  Vacant
 4 Mar 1869 -  4 Mar 1873  Schuyler Colfax                   (b. 1823 - d. 1885)  Rep
 4 Mar 1873 - 22 Nov 1875  Henry Wilson                      (b. 1812 - d. 1875)  Rep
22 Nov 1875 -  4 Mar 1877  Vacant
 4 Mar 1877 -  4 Mar 1881  William Almon Wheeler             (b. 1819 - d. 1887)  Rep
 4 Mar 1881 - 19 Sep 1881  Chester Allen Arthur              (b. 1830 - d. 1886)  Rep
19 Sep 1881 -  4 Mar 1885  Vacant
 4 Mar 1885 -  4 Mar 1889  Thomas Andews Hendricks           (b. 1819 - d. 1885)  Dem
 4 Mar 1889 -  4 Mar 1893  Levi Parsons Morton               (b. 1824 - d. 1920)  Rep
 4 Mar 1893 -  4 Mar 1897  Adlai Ewing Stevenson             (b. 1835 - d. 1914)  Dem
 4 Mar 1897 - 21 Nov 1899  Garret Augustus Hobart            (b. 1844 - d. 1899)  Rep
21 Nov 1899 -  4 Mar 1901  Vacant
 4 Mar 1901 - 14 Sep 1901  Theodore Roosevelt                (b. 1858 - d. 1919)  Rep
14 Sep 1901 -  4 Mar 1905  Vacant
 4 Mar 1905 -  4 Mar 1909  Charles Warren Fairbanks          (b. 1852 - d. 1918)  Rep
 4 Mar 1909 - 30 Oct 1912  James Schoolcraft Sherman         (b. 1855 - d. 1912)  Rep
30 Oct 1912 -  4 Mar 1913  Vacant
 4 Mar 1913 -  4 Mar 1921  Thomas Riley Marshall             (b. 1854 - d. 1925)  Dem
 4 Mar 1921 -  2 Aug 1923  Calvin Coolidge                   (b. 1872 - d. 1933)  Rep
 2 Aug 1923 -  4 Mar 1925  Vacant
 4 Mar 1925 -  4 Mar 1929  Charles Gates Dawes               (b. 1865 - d. 1951)  Rep
 4 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Charles Curtis                    (b. 1860 - d. 1936)  Rep
 4 Mar 1933 - 20 Jan 1941  John Nance Garner                 (b. 1868 - d. 1967)  Dem
20 Jan 1941 - 20 Jan 1945  Henry Agard Wallace               (b. 1888 - d. 1965)  Dem
20 Jan 1945 - 12 Apr 1945  Harry S. Truman                   (b. 1884 - d. 1972)  Dem
12 Apr 1945 - 20 Jan 1949  Vacant
20 Jan 1949 - 20 Jan 1953  Alban William Barkley             (b. 1877 - d. 1956)  Dem
21 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961  Richard Milhous Nixon             (b. 1913 - d. 1994)  Rep
20 Jan 1961 - 22 Nov 1963  Lyndon Baines Johnson             (b. 1908 - d. 1973)  Dem
22 Nov 1963 - 20 Jan 1965  Vacant
20 Jan 1965 - 20 Jan 1969  Hubert Horatio Humphrey           (b. 1911 - d. 1978)  Dem
20 Jan 1969 - 10 Oct 1973  Spiro Theodore Agnew              (b. 1918 - d. 1996)  Rep
10 Oct 1973 -  6 Dec 1973  Vacant
 6 Dec 1973 -  9 Aug 1974  Gerald Rudolph Ford               (b. 1913 - d. 2006)  Rep
 9 Aug 1974 - 19 Dec 1974  Vacant
19 Dec 1974 - 20 Jan 1977  Nelson Aldrich Rockerfeller       (b. 1908 - d. 1979)  Rep
20 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale  (b. 1928)            Dem
20 Jan 1981 - 20 Jan 1989  George Herbert Walker Bush        (b. 1924)            Rep
20 Jan 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Danforth "Dan" James Quayle       (b. 1947)            Rep
20 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001  Albert "Al" Gore, Jr.             (b. 1948)            Dem
20 Jan 2001 - 20 Jan 2009  Richard "Dick" Bruce Cheney       (b. 1941)            Rep
20 Jan 2009 -              Joseph "Joe" R. Biden, Jr.        (b. 1942)            Dem

 ¹The Vice Presidents formally serve as presidents of the Senate, but rarely
presides over routine day-to-day debate. Until 1890, the Senate elected a President
Pro Tempore whenever the Vice President was not in attendance. When the Vice President returned, the President "Pro Tem" lost his place, and when the Vice President was 
again absent, the Senate again elected a President Pro Tempore. By the standing order
agreed to on 12 Mar 1890, the Senate declared that the President Pro Tempore shall hold
office during "the pleasure of the Senate and until another is elected, and shall execute
the duties thereof during all future absences of the Vice President until the Senate
does otherwise order."

Party abbreviations: Dem = Democratic Party (liberal, center-left, former D-R, est.1829); Rep = Republican Party (conservative, center-right, est.1854);
- Former parties: D-R = Democratic-Republican Party (pro-states rights, anti-Federalist, 1794-1829, renamed Dem); Fed = Federalist Party (conservative, federalist, 1792-1824); Whg = Whig Party (economic nationalist, protectionist, anti-Jacksonian, 1833-1860)



Department of State

[Department of State flag]
                  Adopted 21 Jan 1933

Department of State

10 Jul 1781                Department of Foreign Affairs
15 Sep 1789                Department of State

Secretaries
20 Oct 1781 - Jun 1783     Robert B. Livingston               (b. 1746 - d. 1813)
 7 May 1784 - 22 Mar 1790  John Jay                           (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
                             (acting from 4 Mar 1789)
22 Mar 1790 -  2 Jan 1794  Thomas Jefferson                   (b. 1743 - d. 1826)
 2 Jan 1794 - 20 Aug 1795  Edmund Randolph                    (b. 1753 - d. 1813)
20 Aug 1795 - 12 May 1800  Timothy Pickering                  (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
                             (acting to 9 Dec 1795)
13 May 1800 -  6 Jun 1800  Charles Lee (acting)               (b. 1785 - d. 1815)
 6 Jun 1800 -  4 Mar 1801  John Marshall                      (b. 1755 - d. 1835)
                             (acting from 4 Feb 1801)
 5 Mar 1801 -  2 May 1801  Levi Lincoln (acting)              (b. 1749 - d. 1820)
 2 May 1801 -  3 Mar 1809  James Madison                      (b. 1751 - d. 1836)
 6 Mar 1809 -  6 Apr 1811  Robert Smith                       (b. 1757 - d. 1842)
 
6 Apr 1811 -  3 Mar 1817  James Monroe                       (b. 1758 - d. 1831)
                             (acting 1 Oct 1814 - 28 Feb 1815)
 4 Mar 1817 - 10 Mar 1817  John Graham (acting)               (b. 1774 - d. 1820)
10 Mar 1817 - 22 Sep 1817  Richard Rush (acting)              (b. 1780 - d. 1859)
22 Sep 1817 -  3 Mar 1825  John Quincy Adams                  (b. 1767 - d. 1848)
 4 Mar 1825 -  7 Mar 1825  Daniel Brent (acting)              (b. 1770 - d. 1841)
 7 Mar 1825 -  3 Mar 1829  Henry Clay                         (b. 1777 - d. 1852)
 4 Mar 1829 - 28 Mar 1829  James A. Hamilton (acting)         (b. 1788 - d. 1878)
28 Mar 1829 - 24 May 1831  Martin Van Buren                   (b. 1782 - d. 1862)
24 May 1831 - 29 May 1833  Edward Livingstone                 (b. 1764 - d. 1836)
29 May 1833 -  1 Jul 1834  Louis McLane                       (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
 1 Jul 1834 -  3 Mar 1841  John Forsyth                       (b. 1780 - d. 1841)
 4 Mar 1841 -  5 Mar 1841  Jacob L. Martin (acting)           (b. 1800 - d. 1848)
 
5 Mar 1841 -  9 May 1843  Daniel Webster (1st time)          (b. 1782 - d. 1852)
 9 May 1843 - 20 Jun 1843  Hugh Swinton Legaré (acting)       (b. 1797 - d. 1843)
21 Jun 1843 - 24 Jun 1843  William S. Derrick (acting)        (b. 1802 - d. 1852)
24 Jun 1843 - 28 Feb 1844  Abel Parker Upshur                 (b. 1790 - d. 1844)
                             (acting to 23 Jul 1843)
29 Feb 1844 -  1 Apr 1844  John Nelson (acting)               (b. 1794 - d. 1860)
 1 Apr 1844 - 10 Mar 1845  John Caldwell Calhoun              (b. 1782 - d. 1850)
10 Mar 1845 -  7 Mar 1849  James Buchanan                     (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
 
7 Mar 1849 - 22 Jul 1850  John Middleton Clayton             (b. 1796 - d. 1856)
23 Jul 1850 - 24 Oct 1852  Daniel Webster (2nd time)          (s.a.)
25 Oct 1852 -  6 Nov 1852  Charles M. Conrad (acting)         (b. 1804 - d. 1878)
 6 Nov 1852 -  3 Mar 1853  Edward Everett                     (b. 1795 - d. 1865)
 4 Mar 1853 -  7 Mar 1853  William Hunter (1st time)(acting)  (b. 1805 - d. 1886)
 7 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  William Learned Marcy              (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
 6 Mar 1857 - 15 Dec 1860  Lewis Cass                         (b. 1782 - d. 1866)
15 Dec 1860 - 17 Dec 1860  William Hunter (2nd time)(acting)  (s.a.)
17 Dec 1860 -  5 Mar 1861  Jeremiah Sullivan Black            (b. 1810 - d. 1883)
 
5 Mar 1861 -  5 Mar 1869  William Henry Seward               (b. 1801 - d. 1872)
 5 Mar 1869 - 17 Mar 1869  Elihu Benjamin Washburne           (b. 1816 - d. 1887)
17 Mar 1869 - 12 Mar 1877  Hamilton Fish                      (b. 1808 - d. 1893)
12 Mar 1877 -  7 Mar 1881  William Maxwell Evarts             (b. 1818 - d. 1901)
 7 Mar 1881 - 19 Dec 1881  James Gillespie Blaine (1st time)  (b. 1830 - d. 1893)
19 Dec 1881 -  6 Mar 1885  Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen   (b. 1817 - d. 1885)
 
6 Mar 1885 -  7 Mar 1889  Thomas Francis Bayard              (b. 1828 - d. 1898)
 7 Mar 1889 -  4 Jun 1892  James Gillespie Blaine (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1892 - 29 Jun 1892  William F. Wharton (1st time)      (b. 1847 - d. 1919)
                             (acting)
29 Jun 1892 - 23 Feb 1893  John Watson Foster                 (b. 1836 - d. 1917)
23 Feb 1893 -  6 Mar 1893  William F. Warton (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 
6 Mar 1893 - 28 May 1895  Walter Quintin Gresham             (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
28 May 1895 - 31 May 1895  Edwin F. Uhl (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1841 - d. 1901)
31 May 1895 -  1 Jun 1895  Alvey A. Adee (1st time)(acting)   (b. 1842 - d. 1924)    
 
1 Jun 1895 - 10 Jun 1895  Edwin F. Uhl (2nd time)(acting)    (s.a.)
10 Jun 1895 -  5 Mar 1897  Richard Olney                      (b. 1835 - d. 1917)
 
5 Mar 1897 - 28 Apr 1898  John Sherman                       (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
28 Apr 1898 - 17 Sep 1898  William Rufus Day                  (b. 1849 - d. 1923)
17 Sep 1898 - 30 Sep 1898  Alvey A. Adee (2nd time)(acting)   (s.a.)
30 Sep 1898 -  1 Jul 1905  John Milton Hay                    (b. 1849 - d. 1923)
 1 Jul 1905 - 19 Jul 1905  Francis B. Loomis (acting)         (b. 1861 - d. 1948)
19 Jul 1905 - 27 Jan 1909  Elihu Root                         (b. 1845 - d. 1937)
27 Jan 1909 -  5 Mar 1909  Robert Bacon                       (b. 1860 - d. 1919)
 
5 Mar 1909 -  5 Mar 1913  Philander Chase Knox               (b. 1853 - d. 1921)
 5 Mar 1913 -  9 Jun 1915  William Jennings Bryan             (b. 1860 - d. 1925)
 9 Jun 1915 - 14 Feb 1920  Robert Lansing                     (b. 1864 - d. 1928)
                             (acting to 23 Jun 1915)
14 Feb 1920 - 14 Mar 1920  Frank Lyon Polk (acting)           (b. 1871 - d. 1943)
23 Mar 1920 -  5 Mar 1921  Bainbridge Colby                   (b. 1869 - d. 1950)
 5 Mar 1921 -  5 Mar 1925  Charles Evans Hughes               (b. 1862 - d. 1948)
 5 Mar 1925 - 29 Mar 1929  Frank Billings Kellogg             (b. 1856 - d. 1937)
29 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Henry Lewis Stimson                (b. 1867 - d. 1950)
 4 Mar 1933 -  1 Dec 1944  Cordell Hull                       (b. 1871 - d. 1955)
 1 Dec 1944 - 27 Jun 1945  Edward Reilly Stettinius           (b. 1900 - d. 1949)
28 Jun 1945 -  3 Jul 1945  Joseph C. Grew (acting)            (b. 1880 - d. 1965)
 3 Jul 1945 - 21 Jan 1947  James Francis Byrnes               (b. 1879 - d. 1972)
21 Jan 1947 - 20 Jan 1949  George Catlett Marshall            (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
20 Jan 1949 - 21 Jan 1949  Robert Lovett (acting)             (b. 1895 - d. 1986)
21 Jan 1949 - 20 Jan 1953  Dean Gooderham Acheson             (b. 1893 - d. 1971)
20 Jan 1953 - 21 Jan 1953  H. Freeman Matthews (acting)       (b. 1899 - d. 1986)
21 Jan 1953 - 22 Apr 1959  John Foster Dulles                 (b. 1888 - d. 1959)
22 Apr 1959 - 20 Jan 1961  Christian Archibald Herter         (b. 1895 - d. 1966)
20 Jan 1961 - 21 Jan 1961  Livingston T. Merchant (acting)    (b. 1903 - d. 1976)
21 Jan 1961 - 20 Jan 1969  Dean Rusk                          (b. 1909 - d. 1994)
20 Jan 1969 - 22 Jan 1969  Charles E. Bohlen (acting)         (b. 1904 - d. 1974)
22 Jan 1969 -  4 Sep 1973  William Pierce Rogers              (b. 1913 - d. 2001)
 
4 Sep 1973 - 21 Sep 1973  Kenneth Rush (acting)              (b. 1910 - d. 1994)
21 Sep 1973 - 20 Jan 1977  Henry Alfred Kissinger             (b. 1923)
20 Jan 1977 - 23 Jan 1977  Philip C. Habib (acting)           (b. 1920 - d. 1992)
23 Jan 1977 - 28 Apr 1980  Cyrus Roberts Vance                (b. 1917 - d. 2002)
28 Apr 1980 -  2 May 1980  Warren M. Christopher (1st time)   (b. 1925 - d. 2011)
                             (acting)
 2 May 1980 -  3 May 1980  David D. Newsom (1st time)(acting) (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
 3 May 1980                Richard N. Cooper (acting)         (b. 1934)
 3 May 1980 -  4 May 1980  David D. Newsom (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
 4 May 1980 -  8 May 1980  Warren M. Christopher (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 8 May 1980 - 18 Jan 1981  Edmund Sixtus Muskie               (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
18 Jan 1981 - 22 Jan 1981  David D. Newsom (3rd time)(acting) (s.a.)
22 Jan 1981 -  5 Jul 1982  Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.          (b. 1924 - d. 2010)
 5 Jul 1982 - 16 Jul 1982  Walter J. Stoessel, Jr. (acting)   (b. 1920 - d. 1986)
16 Jul 1982 - 20 Jan 1989  George P. Shultz                   (b. 1920)
20 Jan 1989 - 25 Jan 1989  Michael H. Armacost (acting)       (b. 1937)
25 Jan 1989 - 23 Aug 1992  James Addison Baker III            (b. 1930)
23 Aug 1992 - 19 Jan 1993  Lawrence S. Eagleburger            (b. 1930 - d. 2011)
                             (acting to 8 Dec 1992)
20 Jan 1993                Arnold L. Kanter (acting)          (b. 1945 - d. 2010)
20 Jan 1993                Frank G. Wisner (acting)           (b. 1938)
20 Jan 1993 -  7 Jan 1997  Warren M. Christopher (3rd time)   (s.a.)
 7 Jan 1997 - 23 Jan 1997  Strobe Talbott (acting)            (b. 1946)
23 Jan 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Madeleine Korbel Albright(f)       (b. 1937)
20 Jan 2001 - 26 Jan 2005  Colin Luther Powell                (b. 1937)
26 Jan 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Condoleezza "Condi" Rice (f)       (b. 1954)
20 Jan 2009 - 21 Jan 2009  William J. Burns (acting)          (b. 1956)
21 Jan 2009 - 
 1 Feb 2013  Hillary Rodham Clinton (f)         (b. 1947)
 1 Feb 2013 -              John F. Kerry                      (b. 1943)



Defense Department

[Flag of the Secretary of
                Defense]
              Adopted 7 Oct 1947

Department of Defense

 
18 Sep 1947                Department of Defense (originally designated National Military
                             Establishment), including the Departments of the Army, Navy,
                             and Air Force.

Secretaries of Defense
18 Sep 1947 - 28 Mar 1949  James V. Forrestal                 (b. 1892 - d. 1949)
28 Mar 1949 - 21 Sep 1950  Louis Arthur Johnson               (b. 1891 - d. 1956)
21 Sep 1950 - 17 Sep 1951  George Catlett Marshall            (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
17 Sep 1951 - 20 Jan 1953  Robert Abercrombie Lovett          (b. 1895 - d. 1986)
20 Jan 1953 - 28 Jan 1953  Wilfred J. McNeil (acting)         (b. 1901 - d. 1979)
28 Jan 1953 -  9 Oct 1957  Charles Erwin Wilson               (b. 1890 - d. 1961)
 9 Oct 1957 -  1 Dec 1959  Neil H. McElroy                    (b. 1904 - d. 1972)
 
1 Dec 1959 - 20 Jan 1961  Thomas Sovereign Gates             (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
                            
(acting to 26 Jan 1960)
21 Jan 1961 -  1 Mar 1968  Robert Strange McNamara            (b. 1916 - d. 2009)
 1 Mar 1968 - 20 Jan 1969  Clark McAdams Clifford             (b. 1906 - d. 1998)
21 Jan 1969 -  2 Feb 1973  Melvin Robert Laird                (b. 1922)
 
2 Feb 1973 - 26 May 1973  Elliot Lee Richardson              (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
26 May 1973 - 29 Jun 1973  William P. Clements (acting)       (b. 1917 - d. 2011)
29 Jun 1973 - 18 Nov 1975  James Rodney Schlesinger           (b. 1929 - d. 2014)
18 Nov 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  Donald H. Rumsfeld (1st time)      (b. 1932)
21 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Harold Brown                       (b. 1927)
20 Jan 1981 - 23 Nov 1987  Caspar W. Weinberger               (b. 1917 - d. 2006)
23 Nov 1987 - 20 Jan 1989  Frank C. Carlucci                  (b. 1930)
20 Jan 1989 - 17 Mar 1989  William Howard Taft IV (acting)    (b. 1945)
17 Mar 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Richard B. Cheney                  (b. 1941)
20 Jan 1993 -  3 Feb 1994  Leslie "Les" Aspin                 (b. 1938 - d. 1995)
 3 Feb 1994 - 24 Jan 1997  William J. Perry                   (b. 1927)
24 Jan 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  William S. Cohen                   (b. 1940)
20 Jan 2001 - 18 Dec 2006  Donald H. Rumsfeld (2nd time)      (s.a.)
18 Dec 2006 -  1 Jul 2011  Robert M. Gates                    (b. 1943)
 1 Jul 2011 -
27 Feb 2013  Leon E. Panetta                    (b. 1938)
27 Feb 2013 -              Charles "Chuck" T. Hagel           (b. 1946)


 

Joint Chiefs

[flag of Chairman of the Joint
                Chiefs of Staff]
    Flag of Chairman Adopted 1949

Joint Chiefs of Staff

16 Aug 1949                Office of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff created.

Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief
20 Jul 1942 - 21 Mar 1949  William Daniel Leahy (Navy)        (b. 1875 - d. 1955)
Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
16 Aug 1949 - 16 Aug 1953  Omar Nelson Bradley (Army)         (b. 1893 - d. 1981)
15 Aug 1953 - 15 Aug 1957  Arthur William Radford (Navy)      (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
15 Aug 1957 - 30 Sep 1960  Nathan Farragut Twining (Air Force)(b. 1897 - d. 1982)
 1 Oct 1960 - 30 Sep 1962  Lyman Louis Lemnitzer (Army)       (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
 1 Oct 1962 -  1 Jul 1964  Maxwell Davenport Taylor (Army)    (b. 1901 - d. 1987)
 3 Jul 1964 -  2 Jul 1970  Earle Gilmore Wheeler (Army)       (d. 1908 - d. 1975)
 2 Jul 1970 -  1 Jul 1974  Thomas Hinman Moorer (Navy)        (b. 1912 - d. 2004)
 1 Jul 1974 - 20 Jun 1978  George Schratchley Brown           (b. 1918 - d. 1978)
                             (Air Force)
21 Jun 1978 - 18 Jun 1982  David Charles Jones (Air Force)    (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
18 Jun 1983 - 30 Sep 1985  John William Vessey, Jr. (Army)    (b. 1922)
 1 Oct 1985 - 30 Sep 1989  William James Crowe, Jr. (Navy)    (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
 1 Oct 1989 - 30 Sep 1993  Colin Luther Powell (Army)         (b. 1937)
 1 Oct 1993 - 24 Oct 1993  David Elmer Jeremiah (acting)(Navy)(b. 1934 - d. 2013)
25 Oct 1993 - 30 Sep 1997  John M. Shalikashvili (Army)       (b. 1936 - d. 2011)
 1 Oct 1997 - 30 Sep 2001  Henry H. Shelton (Army)            (b. 1942)
 1 Oct 2001 - 30 Sep 2005  Richard B. Myers (Air Force)       (b. 1942)
30 Sep 2005 -  1 Oct 2007  Peter Pace (Marine Corps)          (b. 1945)
 1 Oct 2007 -
30 Sep 2011  Michael Mullen (Navy)              (b. 1946)
30 Sep 2011 -              Martin E. Dempsey (Army)           (b. 1952)


National Guard Bureau

[National Guard Bureau Chief's flag to 1998]               Chief's Flag to 1998
[National Guard Bureau
                      Chief's flag 1998-2008]          Chief's Flag 1998 - 2008
[Flag of
                      Charleston, South Carolina]            Chief's Flag Adopted 2008

National Guard Bureau

21 Jan 1903                Section of Militia Affairs within the Adjutant
                             General's office.
12 Feb 1908                Division of Militia Affairs within the War Department.
 3 Jun 1916                Renamed Militia Bureau of the War Department.
15 Jun 1933                National Guard Bureau
 1 Oct 1948                Made a Bureau of the Department of the Army and 
                             an agency of the Department of the Air Force.
10 Jul 1959                Made a joint Bureau of the Departments of the
                             Army and Air Force.

Head of the Section of Militia Affairs
1903 - 13 Feb 1908         James Parker                       (b. 1854 - d. 1934)
Chiefs of the Division of Militia Affairs
14 Feb 1908 - 14 Mar 1911  Erasmus Morgan Weaver, Jr.         (b. 1854 - d. 1920)
15 Mar 1911 - 31 Aug 1912  Robert Kennon Evans                (b. 1852 - d. 1926)
 1 Sep 1912 - 18 Sep 1916  Albert Leopold Mills               (b. 1854 - d. 1916)
Chiefs of the Militia Bureau
26 Oct 1916 - 26 Nov 1917  William Abram Mann                 (b. 1854 - d. 1934)
26 Nov 1917 - 15 Aug 1918  Jesse McIlvaine Carter             (b. 1863 - d. 1930)
29 Jun 1921 - 28 Jun 1925  George C. Rickards                 (b. 1860 - d. 1933)
29 Jun 1925 - 28 Jun 1929  Creed Cheshire Hammond             (b. 1874 - d. 1940)
29 Jun 1929 - 30 Sep 1929  Ernest R. Redmond (acting)         (b. 1883 - d. 1966)
 1 Oct 1929 - 30 Nov 1931  William G. Everson                 (b. 1879 - d. 1954)
 1 Dec 1931 - 15 Jun 1933  George E. Leach                    (b. 1876 - d. 1955)
Chiefs of the National Guard Bureau
15 Jun 1933 - 30 Nov 1935  George E. Leach                    (s.a.)
 1 Dec 1935 - 16 Jan 1936  Harold J. Weiler (acting)          (b. 1886 - d. 1945)
17 Jan 1936 - 30 Jan 1936  John F. Williams (1st time)(acting)(b. 1887 - d. 1953)
31 Jan 1936 - 30 Jan 1940  Albert Hazen Blanding              (b. 1876 - d. 1970)
31 Jan 1940 - 31 Jan 1946  John F. Williams (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                             (acting from 31 Jan 1944)
 1 Feb 1946 - 29 Sep 1947  Butler B. Miltonberger (acting)    (b. 1896 - d. 1977)
30 Sep 1947 -  4 Sep 1950  Kenneth F. Cramer                  (b. 1894 - d. 1954)
 5 Sep 1950 - 15 Feb 1953  Raymond H. Fleming                 (b. 1889 - d. 1974)
                             (acting to 13 Aug 1951)
16 Feb 1953 - 21 Jun 1953  Earl T. Ricks (acting)             (b. 1908 - d. 1954)
22 Jun 1953 - 31 May 1959  Edgar C. Erickson                  (b. 1896 - d. 1989)
 1 Jun 1959 - 19 Jul 1959  Winston P. Wilson (1st time)       (b. 1911 - d. 1996)
                             (acting) 
20 Jul 1959 - 30 Aug 1963  Donald Wilson McGowan              (b. 1898 - d. 1967)
31 Aug 1963 - 31 Aug 1971  Winston P. Wilson (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Sep 1971 - 23 Jun 1974  Francis S. Greenlief               (b. 1921 - d. 1999)
 1 Jul 1974 - 15 Aug 1982  LaVern E. Weber                    (b. 1923 - d. 1999)
                             (acting to 16 Aug 1974)
16 Aug 1982 - 15 Aug 1986  Emmett H. Walker, Jr.              (b. 1924 - d. 2007)
16 Aug 1986 - 31 Jan 1990  Herbert R. Temple, Jr.             (b. 1928)
 1 Feb 1990 -  1 Dec 1993  John B. Conaway                    (b. 1934)
 1 Jan 1994 - 31 Jul 1994  Raymond F. Rees (1st time)         (b. 1944)
                             (acting)
 1 Oct 1994 - 31 Jul 1998  Edward D. Baca                     (b. 1938)
31 Jul 1998 -  3 Aug 2002  Russell C. Davis                   (b. 1938)
                             (acting to 4 Aug 1998)
 4 Aug 2002 - 10 Apr 2003  Raymond F. Rees (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                             (acting)
11 Apr 2003 - 17 Nov 2008  H. Steven Blum                     (b. 1946)
17 Nov 2008 - 
7 Sep 2012  Craig R. McKinley                  (b. 1952)
 7 Sep 2012 -              Frank J. Grass                     (b. 1951)



Department of the Army

[Secretary of War Department 1903-1947;
                      Secretary of Army flag 1947-1956]                    1903 - 12 Jun 1956 [US Army
                      outdoor flag]                   Adopted 12 Jun 1956

U.S.  Army

12 Jun 1776                Board of War and Ordinance of the Continental Congress.
17 Oct 1777                Board of War
 7 Feb 1781                War Office
 7 Aug 1789                War Department created.
18 Sep 1947                War Department becomes the Department of the Army, a
                             branch of the Department of Defense.

Presidents of the Board of War
13 Jun 1776 - 27 Nov 1777  John Adams                         (b. 1735 - d. 1826)
27 Nov 1777 - 30 Oct 1781  Horatio Gates                      (b. 1727 - d. 1806)
Secretaries at War
30 Oct 1781 - 29 Oct 1783  Benjamin Lincoln                   (b. 1733 - d. 1810)
 4 Nov 1783 -  8 Mar 1785  Joseph Carleton (acting)           (b. 1754 - d. 1812)
 8 Mar 1785 - 12 Sep 1789  Henry Knox                         (b. 1750 - d. 1806)
Secretaries of War
12 Sep 1789 -  2 Jan 1795  Henry Knox                         (s.a.)
 2 Jan 1795 -  5 Feb 1796  Timothy Pickering                  (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
                            
(acting from 10 Dec 1795)
 6 Feb 1796 -  1 Jun 1800  James McHenry                      (b. 1753 - d. 1816)
 
1 Jun 1800 - 12 Jun 1800  Benjamin Stoddert (acting)         (b. 1751 - d. 1813)
12 Jun 1800 -  3 Feb 1801  Samuel Dexter                      (b. 1761 - d. 1816)
                             (acting from 1 Jan 1801)
 3 Feb 1801 -  4 Mar 1801  Roger Griswold (acting)            (b. 1762 - d. 1812)
 5 Mar 1801 - 17 Feb 1809  Henry Dearborn                     (b. 1751 - d. 1829)
17 Feb 1809 -  8 Apr 1809  John A. Smith (acting)             (b. 17.. - d. 1811)
 8 Apr 1809 - 31 Dec 1812  William Eustis                     (b. 1753 - d. 1825)
 
1 Jan 1813 -  5 Feb 1813  James Monroe (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1758 - d. 1831)
 5 Feb 1813 - 30 Aug 1814  John Armstrong, Jr.                (b. 1758 - d. 1843)
30 Aug 1814 - 14 Mar 1815  James Monroe (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                            
(acting to 1 Oct 1814 and from 1 Mar 1815)
14 Mar 1815 -  8 Aug 1815  Alexander J. Dallas (acting)       (b. 1759 - d. 1817)

 8 Aug 1815 - 22 Oct 1816  William Harris Crawford            (b. 1772 - d. 1834)
22 Oct 1816 - 10 Dec 1817  George Graham (acting)             (b. 1772 - d. 1830)
10 Dec 1817 -  3 Mar 1825  John Caldwell Calhoun              (b. 1782 - d. 1850)
 7 Mar 1825 - 26 May 1828  James Barbour                      (b. 1755 - d. 1842)
26 May 1828 - 21 Jun 1828  Samuel L. Southard (acting)        (b. 1787 - d. 1842)
21 Jun 1828 -  4 Mar 1829  Peter Buell Porter                 (b. 1773 - d. 1844)
 9 Mar 1829 - 20 Jun 1831  John Henry Eaton                   (b. 1790 - d. 1856)
20 Jun 1831 - 21 Jul 1831  Philip G. Randolph (acting)        (b. 1801 - d. 1836)
21 Jul 1831 -  8 Aug 1831  Roger B. Taney (acting)            (b. 1777 - d. 1864)
 8 Aug 1831 -  5 Oct 1836  Lewis Cass                         (b. 1782 - d. 1866)
 
5 Oct 1836 - 26 Oct 1836  Carey A. Harris (acting)           (b. 1806 - d. 1842)
26 Oct 1836 - 14 Mar 1837  Benjamin F. Butler (acting)        (b. 1795 - d. 1858)
14 Mar 1837 -  3 Mar 1841  Joel Roberts Poinsett              (b. 1779 - d. 1851)
 
5 Mar 1841 - 12 Sep 1841  John Bell                          (b. 1797 - d. 1869)
12 Sep 1841 - 12 Oct 1841  Albert Miller Lea (acting)         (b. 1809 - d. 1891)
12 Oct 1841 -  8 Mar 1843  John Cranfield Spencer             (b. 1788 - d. 1858)
 8 Mar 1843 - 20 Feb 1844  James Madison Porter               (b. 1793 - d. 1862)
20 Feb 1844 -  8 Mar 1845  William Wilkins                    (b. 1779 - d. 1865)
 
8 Mar 1845 -  8 Mar 1849  William Learned Marcy              (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
 
8 Mar 1849 - 14 Mar 1849  Reverdy Johnson (acting)           (b. 1796 - d. 1876)
14 Mar 1849 - 23 Jul 1850  George Walker Crawford             (b. 1798 - d. 1872)
23 Jul 1850 - 24 Jul 1850  Samuel J. Anderson (acting)      
24 Jul 1850 - 15 Aug 1850  Winfield Scott (acting)            (b. 1786 - d. 1866)
15 Aug 1850 -  7 Mar 1853  Charles Magill Conrad              (b. 1804 - d. 1878)
 7 Mar 1853 -  3 Mar 1857  Jefferson Davis                    (b. 1808 - d. 1889)
 
3 Mar 1857 -  6 Mar 1857  Samuel Cooper (acting)             (b. 1798 - d. 1876)
 6 Mar 1857 -  1 Jan 1861  John Buchanan Floyd                (b. 1806 - d. 1863)
 
1 Jan 1861 - 11 Mar 1861  Joseph Holt                        (b. 1807 - d. 1849)
                             (acting to 18 Jan 1861)
11 Mar 1861 - 20 Jan 1862  Simon Cameron                      (b. 1799 - d. 1889)
20 Jan 1862 - 28 May 1868  Edwin McMasters Stanton            (b. 1814 - d. 1869)
                             (suspended 12 Aug 1867 - 13 Jan 1868)
12 Aug 1867 - 13 Jan 1868  Ulysses S. Grant (acting)          (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
 
1 Jun 1868 - 11 Mar 1869  John McAllister Schofield          (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
11 Mar 1869 - 11 Sep 1869  John A. Rawlins                    (b. 1831 - d. 1869)
11 Sep 1869 -  1 Nov 1869  William Tecumseh Sherman           (b. 1820 - d. 1891)
 
1 Nov 1869 -  2 Mar 1876  William Worth Belknap              (b. 1829 - d. 1890)
 2 Mar 1876 - 11 Mar 1876  George Maxwell Robeson (acting)    (b. 1829 - d. 1897)
11 Mar 1876 -  1 Jun 1876  Alphonso Taft                      (b. 1810 - d. 1891)
 
1 Jun 1876 - 12 Mar 1877  James Donald Cameron               (b. 1833 - d. 1918)
12 Mar 1877 - 12 Dec 1879  George Washington McCarary         (b. 1835 - d. 1890)
12 Dec 1879 - 11 Mar 1881  Alexander Ramsey                   (b. 1815 - d. 1903)
11 Mar 1881 -  6 Mar 1885  Robert Todd Lincoln                (b. 1843 - d. 1926)
 
6 Mar 1885 -  5 Mar 1889  William C. Endicott                (b. 1826 - d. 1900)
 
5 Mar 1889 -  6 Dec 1891  Redfield Proctor                   (b. 1831 - d. 1908)
 
6 Dec 1891 - 24 Dec 1891  Lewis A. Grant (acting)            (b. 1828 - d. 1918)
24 Dec 1891 -  6 Mar 1893  Stephen B. Elkins                  (b. 1841 - d. 1911)
 
6 Mar 1893 -  5 Mar 1897  Daniel Scott Lamont                (b. 1851 - d. 1905)
 
5 Mar 1897 -  1 Aug 1899  Russel Alexander Alger             (b. 1836 - d. 1907)
 1 Aug 1899 -  1 Feb 1904  Elihu Root                         (b. 1854 - d. 1937)
 1 Feb 1904 -  1 Jul 1908  William Howard Taft                (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
 1 Jul 1908 - 12 Mar 1909  Luke Edward Wright                 (b. 1846 - d. 1922)
12
Mar 1909 - 22 May 1911  Jacob McGavock Dickinson           (b. 1851 - d. 1928)
22 May 1911 -  5 Mar 1913  Henry Lewis Stimson (1st time)     (b. 1867 - d. 1950)
 5 Mar 1913 - 11 Feb 1916  Lindley Miller Garrison            (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
11 Feb 1916 -  9 Mar 1916  Hugh L. Scott (acting)             (b. 1853 - d. 1934)
 9 Mar 1916 -  5 Mar 1921  Newton Diehl Baker                 (b. 1871 - d. 1937)
 5 Mar 1921 - 14 Oct 1925  John Wingate Weeks                 (b. 1860 - d. 1926)
14 Oct 1925 -  6 Mar 1929  Dwight Filley Davis                (b. 1879 - d. 1945)
 6 Mar 1929 -  9 Dec 1929  James William Good                 (b. 1866 - d. 1929)
 
9 Dec 1929 -  3 Mar 1933  Patrick Jay Hurley                 (b. 1883 - d. 1963)
 4 Mar 1933 - 27 Aug 1936  George Henry Dern                  (b. 1862 - d. 1936)
27 Aug 1936 - 10 Jul 1940  Harry H. Woodring                  (b. 1890 - d. 1967)
                             (acting to 6 May 1937)
10 Jul 1940 - 27 Sep 1945  Henry Lewis Stimson (2nd time)     (s.a.)

27 Sep 1945 - 25 Jul 1947  Robert Porter Patterson            (b. 1891 - d. 1952)
25 Jul 1947 - 17 Sep 1947  Kenneth Claiborne Royall           (b. 1894 - d. 1971)
Secretaries of the Army
18 Sep 1947 - 28 Apr 1949  Kenneth Claiborne Royall           (s.a.)
28 Apr 1949 - 12 Apr 1950  Gordon Gray                        (b. 1909 - d. 1982)
                             (acting to 20 Jun 1949)
12 Apr 1950 - 20 Jan 1953  Frank Pace, Jr.                    (b. 1912 - d. 1988)
20 Jan 1953 -  4 Feb 1953  Earl D. Johnson (acting)           (b. 1905 - d. 1990)
 4 Feb 1953 - 21 Jul 1955  Robert TenBroek Stevens            (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
21 Jul 1955 - 19 Jan 1961  Wilber Marion Brucker              (b. 1894 - d. 1968)
24 Jan 1961 - 30 Jun 1962  Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr.             (b. 1916 - d. 1998)
 5 Jul 1962 - 21 Jan 1964  Cyrus Roberts Vance                (b. 1917 - d. 2002)
28 Jan 1964 -  1 Jul 1965  Stephen Ailes                      (b. 1912 - d. 2001)
 2 Jul 1965 - 30 Jun 1971  Stanley R. Resor                   (b. 1917 - d. 2012)
 1 Jul 1971 - 14 May 1973  Robert F. Froehlke                 (b. 1922)
15 May 1973 -  3 Jul 1975  Howard "Bo" H. Callaway            (b. 1927 - d. 2014)
 3 Jul 1975 -  5 Aug 1975  Norman R. Augustine (acting)       (b. 1935)
 5 Aug 1975 - 13 Feb 1977  Martin R. Hoffmann                 (b. 1932 - d. 2014)

14 Feb 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Clifford L. Alexander, Jr.         (b. 1933)
20 Jan 1981 - 29 Jan 1981  Percy A. Pierre (acting)           (b. 1939)
30 Jan 1981 - 13 Aug 1989  John O. Marsh, Jr.                 (b. 1926)
14 Aug 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Michael P.W. Stone                 (b. 1925 - d. 1995)
20 Jan 1993 - 26 Aug 1993  John W. Shannon (acting)           (b. 1933)
27 Aug 1993 - 21 Nov 1993  Gordon R. Sullivan (acting)        (b. 1937)

22 Nov 1993 -  2 Jan 1998  Togo D. West, Jr.                  (b. 1942)
 2 Jan 1998 -  1 Jul 1998  Robert M. Walker (acting)          (b. 1949)
 2 Jul 1998 - 20 Jan 2001  Louis Caldera                      (b. 1956)
20 Jan 2001 -  4 Mar 2001  Gregory R. Dahlberg (acting)       (b. 1951)
 5 Mar 2001 - 31 May 2001  Joseph W. Westphal (acting)        (b. 1948)
31 May 2001 -  9 May 2003  Thomas E. White                    (b. 1943)
 9 May 2003 - 19 Nov 2004  Les Brownlee (acting)              (b. 1939)
19 Nov 2004 -  9 Mar 2007  Francis J. Harvey                  (b. 1944)
 9 Mar 2007 - 21 Sep 2009  Preston "Pete" M. Geren            (b. 1952)
                             (acting to 13 Jul 2007)
21 Sep 2009 -              John M. McHugh                     (b. 1948)


Army 

[flag of Chief of Staff of the
                Army]
        Army Chief of Staff Flag

19 Jun 1775                Post of Commanding General was created by the 
                             Continental Congress.
 9 Aug 1903                Post replaced by that of Chief of Staff of the Army.

Continental Army General and Commander in Chief
15 Jun 1775 - 23 Dec 1783  George Washington                  (b. 1732 - d. 1799)
Senior Officers
23 Dec 1783 - 20 Jun 1784  Henry Knox                         (b. 1750 - d. 1806)
20 Jun 1784 - 12 Aug 1784  John Doughty                       (b. 1754 - d. 1826) 
12 Aug 1784 -  4 Mar 1791  Josiah Harmar                      (b. 1753 - d. 1813)
 4 Mar 1791 -  5 Mar 1792  Arthur St. Clair                   (b. 1763 - d. 1818)
13 Apr 1792 - 15 Dec 1796  Anthony Wayne                      (b. 1745 - d. 1786)
15 Dec 1796 - 13 Jul 1798  James Wilkinson (1st time)         (b. 1757 - d. 1825)
13 Jul 1798 - 14 Dec 1799  George Washington                  (s.a.)
14 Dec 1799 - 15 Jun 1800  Alexander Hamilton                 (b. 1757 - d. 1804)
15 Jun 1800 - 27 Jan 1812  James Wilkinson (2nd time)         (s.a.)
27 Jan 1812 - 15 Jun 1815  Henry Dearborn                     (b. 1751 - d. 1829)
15 Jun 1815 -  1 Jun 1821  Jacob Jennings Brown               (b. 1775 - d. 1828)
Commanding Generals of the Army
 1 Jun 1821 - 24 Feb 1828  Jacob Jennings Brown               (s.a.) 
29 May 1828 - 25 Jun 1841  Alexander Macomb                   (b. 1782 - d. 1841)
 5 Jul 1841 -  1 Nov 1861  Winfield Scott                     (b. 1786 - d. 1866)
 1 Nov 1861 - 11 Mar 1862  George Brinton McClellan           (b. 1826 - d. 1885)
23 Jul 1862 -  9 Mar 1864  Henry Wagner Halleck               (b. 1815 - d. 1872)
 9 Mar 1864 -  4 Mar 1869  Ulysses S. Grant                   (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
 8 Mar 1869 -  1 Nov 1883  William Tecumseh Sherman           (b. 1820 - d. 1891)
 1 Nov 1883 -  5 Aug 1888  Philip Henry Sheridan              (b. 1831 - d. 1888)
14 Aug 1888 - 29 Sep 1895  John McAllister Schofield          (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
 5 Oct 1895 -  8 Aug 1903  Nelson Appleton Miles              (b. 1839 - d. 1925)
 8 Aug 1903 - 15 Aug 1903  Samuel Baldwin Marks Young         (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
Chiefs of Staff of the Army

15 Aug 1903 -  8 Jan 1904  Samuel Baldwin Marks Young         (s.a.)
 9 Jan 1904 - 14 Jan 1906  Adna Romanza Chaffee               (b. 1842 - d. 1914)
15 Jan 1906 - 13 Apr 1906  John Coalter Bates                 (b. 1842 - d. 1919)
14 Apr 1906 - 21 Apr 1910  James Franklin Bell                (b. 1856 - d. 1919)
22 Apr 1910 - 20 Apr 1914  Leonard Wood                       (b. 1860 - d. 1927)
21 Apr 1914 - 15 Nov 1914  William Wallace Wotherspoon        (b. 1850 - d. 1921)
16 Nov 1914 - 21 Sep 1917  Hugh Lenox Scott                   (b. 1853 - d. 1934)
22 Sep 1917 - 18 May 1918  Tasker Howard Bliss                (b. 1853 - d. 1930)
19 May 1918 - 30 Jun 1921  Peyton Conway March                (b. 1864 - d. 1955)
 1 Jul 1921 - 13 Sep 1924  John Joseph Pershing               (b. 1860 - d. 1948)
14 Sep 1924 - 20 Nov 1926  John Leonard Hines                 (b. 1868 - d. 1968)
21 Nov 1926 - 20 Nov 1930  Charles Pelot Summerall            (b. 1867 - d. 1955)
21 Nov 1930 -  1 Oct 1935  Douglas MacArthur                  (b. 1880 - d. 1964)
 2 Oct 1935 - 31 Aug 1939  Malin Craig                        (b. 1875 - d. 1945)
 1 Sep 1939 - 18 Nov 1945  George Catlett Marshall            (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
19 Nov 1945 -  7 Feb 1948  Dwight David Eisenhower            (b. 1890 - d. 1969)
 7 Feb 1948 - 16 Aug 1949  Omar Nelson Bradley                (b. 1893 - d. 1981)
16 Aug 1949 - 15 Aug 1953  Joseph Lawton Collins              (b. 1896 - d. 1987)
16 Aug 1953 - 30 Jun 1955  Matthew Bunker Ridgway             (b. 1895 - d. 1993)
30 Jun 1955 - 30 Jun 1959  Maxwell Davenport Taylor           (b. 1901 - d. 1987)
 1 Jul 1959 - 30 Sep 1960  Lyman Louis Lemnitzer              (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
 1 Oct 1960 - 30 Sep 1962  George Henry Decker                (b. 1902 - d. 1980)
 1 Oct 1962 -  2 Jul 1964  Earle Gilmore Wheeler              (b. 1908 - d. 1975)
 3 Jul 1964 -  2 Jul 1968  Harold Keith Johnson               (b. 1912 - d. 1983)
 3 Jul 1968 - 30 Jun 1972  William Childs Westmoreland        (b. 1914 - d. 2005)
 1 Jul 1972 - 11 Oct 1972  Bruce Palmer, Jr. (acting)         (b. 1913 - d. 2000)
12 Oct 1972 -  4 Sep 1974  Creighton William Abrams, Jr.      (b. 1914 - d. 1974)
 4 Sep 1974 - 30 Sep 1976  Frederick Carlton Weyand           (b. 1916 - d. 2010)
                             (acting to 3 Oct 1974)
 1 Oct 1976 - 21 Jun 1979  Bernard William Rogers             (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
22 Jun 1979 - 21 Jun 1983  Edward Charles Meyer               (b. 1928)
23 Jun 1983 - 23 Jun 1987  John Adams Wickham, Jr.            (b. 1928)
23 Jun 1987 - 21 Jun 1991  Carl Edward Vuono                  (b. 1934)
21 Jun 1991 - 20 Jun 1995  Gordon Russell Sullivan            (b. 1937)
20 Jun 1995 - 22 Jun 1999  Dennis Joe Reimer                  (b. 1939)
22 Jun 1999 - 11 Jun 2003  Eric Ken Shinseki                  (b. 1942)
11 Jun 2003 -  1 Aug 2003  John M. Keane (acting)             (b. 1943)
 1 Aug 2003 - 10 Apr 2007  Peter J. Schoomaker                (b. 1946)
10 Apr 2007 - 11 Apr 2011  George William Casey, Jr.          (b. 1948)
11 Apr 2011 -  7 Sep 2011  Martin E. Dempsey                  (b. 1952)
 7 Sep 2011 -              Raymond T. Odierno                 (b. 1954)

Army Corps of Engineers

[Army
                      Corps of Engineers - Organizational Color]
                Organizational Color
[Army
                      Corps of Engineers - Vessel Flag]
        Adopted 6 Apr 1897 Vessel Flag

U.S.  Army Corps of Engineers

16 Jun 1775                Post of Chief Engineer of the Continental Army
                             created.
11 Mar 1779                Continental Army Corps of Engineers formed.
26 Feb 1783                Disbanded.
 9 May 1794                Corps of Artillerists and Engineers
16 Mar 1802                Army Corps of Engineers re-established.
 1 Aug 1818                Separate Topographical Bureau of the War Department.
 7 Jul 1838                Separate Corps of Topographical Engineers.
 3 Mar 1863                Both fully integrated into the Corps of Engineers.

Chief Engineers of the Continental Army
17 Jun 1775 -  5 Aug 1776  Richard Gridley                    (b. 1710 - d. 1796)
 5 Aug 1776 -  1 Dec 1776  Rufus Putnam                       (b. 1738 - d. 1824)
22 Jul 1777 - 10 Oct 1783  Louis Lebègue Duportail            (b. 1743 - d. 1802)
10 Oct 1783 - 26 Feb 1795  Post abolished
Commandants of the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers
26 Feb 1795 -  7 May 1798  Stephen Rochefontaine              (b. 1755 - d. 1814) 
 7 May 1798 -  1 Apr 1802  Henry Burbeck                      (b. 1754 - d. 1848)
Chief Engineers
 1 Apr 1802 - 31 Jul 1812  Jonathan Williams                  (b. 1750 - d. 1815)
31 Jul 1812 - 12 Nov 1818  Joseph Gardner Swift               (b. 1783 - d. 1865)
12 Nov 1818 -  1 Jun 1821  Walker Keith Armistead             (b. 1785 - d. 1845)
 1 Jun 1821 - 24 May 1828  Alexander Macomb                   (b. 1782 - d. 1841)
24 May 1828 -  6 Dec 1838  Charles Gratiot                    (b. 1786 - d. 1855)
 7 Dec 1838 - 22 Apr 1864  Joseph Gilbert Totten              (b. 1788 - d. 1864)
Chiefs of the Topographical Bureau
 1 Aug 1818 - 15 Jan 1829  Issac Roberdeau                    (b. 1763 - d. 1829)
31 Jan 1829 - 11 Apr 1861  John James Abert                   (b. 1788 - d. 1863)
11 Apr 1861 -  9 Sep 1861  Hartman Bache                      (b. 1798 - d. 1872) 
 9 Sep 1861 -  5 Dec 1862  Stephen H. Long                    (b. 1784 - d. 1864)
 5 Dec 1862 -  3 Mar 1863  Israel C. Woodruff                 (b. 1815 - d. 1878)
Chiefs of the Corps of Topographical Engineers
 7 Jul 1838 -  9 Sep 1861  John James Abert                   (s.a.)
11 Apr 1861 - 11 Dec 1861  Hartman Bache                      (s.a.) 
12 Dec 1861 -  3 Mar 1863  Stephen H. Long                    (s.a.)
Chief Engineers
22 Apr 1864 -  8 Aug 1866  Richard Delafield                  (b. 1798 - d. 1873)
 8 Aug 1866 - 30 Jun 1879  Andrew Atkinson Humphreys          (b. 1810 - d. 1883)
30 Jun 1879 -  6 Mar 1884  Horation Gouverneur Wright         (b. 1820 - d. 1899)
 6 Mar 1884 - 27 Aug 1886  John Newton                        (b. 1823 - d. 1899)
11 Oct 1886 - 30 Jun 1888  James Catham Duane                 (b. 1824 - d. 1897)
 6 Jul 1888 - 10 May 1895  Thomas Lincoln Casey               (b. 1831 - d. 1896)
10 May 1895 -  1 Feb 1897  William Price Craighill            (b. 1833 - d. 1906)
 1 Feb 1897 - 30 Apr 1901  John Moulder Wilson                (b. 1837 - d. 1919)
30 Apr 1901 -  2 May 1901  Henry Martyn Robert                (b. 1837 - d. 1923)
 2 May 1901 -  3 May 1901  John Whitney Barlow                (b. 1838 - d. 1914)
 3 May 1901 - 22 Jan 1904  George Lewis Gillespie, Jr.        (b. 1841 - d. 1913)
23 Jan 1904 - 25 May 1908  Alexander Mackenzie                (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
 2 Jul 1908 - 11 Jun 1910  William Louis Marshall             (b. 1846 - d. 1920)
12 Jun 1910 - 11 Aug 1913  William Herbert Bixby              (b. 1849 - d. 1928)
12 Aug 1913 - 11 Oct 1913  William Trent Rossell              (b. 1849 - d. 1919)
12 Oct 1913 -  6 Mar 1916  Dan Christie Kingman               (b. 1852 - d. 1916)
 7 Mar 1916 - 31 Oct 1919  William Murray Black               (b. 1855 - d. 1933)
10 Feb 1920 - 18 Jun 1924  Lansing Hoskins Beach              (b. 1860 - d. 1945)
19 Jun 1924 - 26 Jun 1926  Harry Taylor                       (b. 1862 - d. 1930)
27 Jun 1926 -  6 Aug 1929  Edgar Jadwin                       (b. 1865 - d. 1931)
 1 Oct 1929 -  1 Oct 1933  Lytle Brown                        (b. 1872 - d. 1951)
 1 Oct 1933 - 18 Oct 1937  Edward Murphy Markham              (b. 1877 - d. 1950)
18 Oct 1937 -  1 Oct 1941  Julian Larcombe Schley             (b. 1880 - d. 1965)
 1 Oct 1941 - 30 Sep 1945  Eugene Reybold                     (b. 1884 - d. 1961)
 4 Oct 1945 - 28 Feb 1949  Raymond A. Wheeler                 (b. 1885 - d. 1974)
 1 Mar 1949 - 26 Jan 1953  Lewis A. Pick                      (b. 1880 - d. 1956)
17 Mar 1953 - 30 Sep 1956  Samuel D. Sturgis, Jr.             (b. 1897 - d. 1964)
 1 Oct 1956 - 27 Mar 1961  Emerson C. Itschner                (b. 1903 - d. 1995)
19 May 1961 -  1 Jul 1965  Walter K. Wilson, Jr.              (b. 1906 - d. 1985)
 1 Jul 1965 - 31 Jul 1969  William F. Cassidy                 (b. 1908 - d. 2002)
 1 Aug 1969 - 31 Jul 1973  Frederick J. Clarke                (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
 1 Aug 1973 - 30 Jun 1976  William C. Gribble, Jr.            (b. 1917 - d. 1979)
 1 Jul 1976 - 30 Sep 1980  John W. Morris                     (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
 1 Oct 1980 - 14 Sep 1984  Joseph K. Bratton                  (b. 1926 - d. 2007)
14 Sep 1984 - 31 May 1988  Elvin R. Heiberg III               (b. 1932 - d. 2013)
17 Jun 1988 -  4 Jun 1992  Henry J. Hatch                     (b. 1935)
24 Aug 1992 - 30 Jun 1996  Arthur E. Williams                 (b. 1938)
 1 Oct 1996 -  2 Aug 2000  Joe N. Ballard                     (b. 1942)
23 Oct 2000 -  1 Jul 2004  Robert B. Flowers
 1 Jul 2004 - 18 May 2007  Carl A. Strock                     (b. c.1948)
18 May 2007 - 17 Jun 2011 
Robert L. Van Antwerp, Jr.         (b. 1950)
17 Jun 2011 - 22 May 2012  Merdith W.B. "Bo" Temple (acting)
22 May 2012 -              Thomas P. Bostick                  (b. 1956)

Women's Army Corps (WAC)

15 May 1942                Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC).
 1 Jul 1943                Women's Army Corps (WAC).
28 Apr 1978                Abolished; women integrated into regular Army.

Directors
16 May 1942 - 11 Jul 1945  Oveta Culp Hobby (f)               (b. 1905 - d. 1995)
12 Jul 1945 -  4 Mar 1947  Westray Battle Boyce (f)           (b. 1901 - d. 1972)
 5 Mar 1947 -  2 Jan 1953  Mary A. Hallaren (f)               (b. 1907 - d. 2005)
                             (acting to 6 May 1947)
 3 Jan 1953 -  2 Jan 1957  Irene Otillia Galloway (f)         (b. 1908 - d. 1963)
 3 Jan 1957 - 31 Jul 1962  Mary Louise Milligan Rasmuson (f)  (b. 1911 - d. 2012) 
 1 Aug 1962 - 31 Jul 1966  Emily C. Gorman (f)                (b. 1909 - d. 2005)
 1 Aug 1966 - 31 Jul 1971  Elizabeth P. Hoisington (f)        (b. 1918 - d. 2007)
 1 Aug 1971 - 31 Jul 1975  Mildred Inez Caroon Bailey (f)     (b. 1919 - d. 2009)
 1 Aug 1975 - 28 Apr 1978  Mary Elizabeth Clarke (f)          (b. 1924 - d. 2011)


Department of the Navy

[Flag of
                      Secretary of Navy Department 1874-1959]            4 Jul 1874 - 24 Apr 1959 [U.S.
                      Navy Outdoor flag]                   Adopted 24 Apr 1959

U.S. Navy

13 Oct 1775                Continental Navy founded (subordinated to Continental Army).
 3 Jun 1785                Disbanded.
 1 Aug 1785                Last
Continental Naval vessel (frigate Alliance) sold.
30 Apr 1798                Navy Department established as a cabinet post.
18 Sep 1947                Becomes a branch of the Department of Defense.

Chairman of the Marine Committee
13 Oct 1775 - 1779         John Adams                         (b. 1735 - d. 1826)
Chairman of the Continental Board of Admiralty
Dec 1779 - 1780            Francis Lewis                      (b. 1713 - d. 1802)
Secretary of Marine
 7 Feb 1781 – 29 Aug 1781  Alexander McDougall                (b. c.1731 - d. 1786)
Agent of Marine (Superintendent of Finance)
(post of Secretary of Marine created 7 Feb 1781 but remained vacant)
29 Aug 1781 -  1 Nov 1784  Robert Morris                      (b. 1734 - d. 1806)
 
1 Nov 1784 -  3 Jun 1785  Vacant
 3 Jun 1785 -  3 May 1798  Post abolished
Secretaries
of the Navy
 
3 May 1798 - 18 Jun 1798  George Cabot (did not take office) (b. 1752 - d. 1823)
18 Jun 1798 -  1 Apr 1801  Benjamin Stoddert                  (b. 1751 - d. 1813)
 1 Apr 1801 - 27 Jul 1801  Henry Dearborn (acting)            (b. 1751 - d. 1829)
27 Jul 1801 -  8 Mar 1809  Robert Smith                       (b. 1757 - d. 1842)
 8 Mar 1809 - 15 May 1809  Charles W. Goldsborough (1st time) (b. 1779 - d. 1843)
                             (acting)
15 May 1809 - 31 Dec 1812  Paul Hamilton                      (b. 1762 - d. 1816)
 7 Jan 1813 - 18 Jan 1813  Charles W. Goldsborough (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)
19 Jan 1813 -  1 Dec 1814  William Jones                      (b. 1760 - d. 1831)
 2 Dec 1814 – 16 Jan 1815  Benjamin Homans (acting)           (b. 1765 - d. 1823)
16 Jan 1815 -  1 Oct 1818  Benjamin William Crowninshield     (b. 1772 - d. 1851)
 1 Oct 1819 - 31 Dec 1818  John C. Calhoun (acting)           (b. 1782 - d. 1850)
 1 Jan 1819 -  1 Sep 1823  Smith Thompson                     (b. 1768 - d. 1843)
 1 Sep 1823 – 16 Sep 1823  John Rodgers (acting)              (b. 1772 – d. 1838)
16 Sep 1823 -  3 Mar 1829  Samuel L. Southard                 (b. 1787 - d. 1842)
 4 Mar 1829 -  9 Mar 1829  Charles Hay (acting)               (b. 1793 - d. 1833)
 9 Mar 1829 - 12 May 1831  John Branch                        (b. 1782 - d. 1863)
12 May 1831 – 23 May 1831  John Boyle (acting)                (b. 1777 – d. 1849)
23 May 1823 - 30 Jun 1834  Levi Woodbury                      (b. 1789 - d. 1851)
30 Jun 1834 -  1 Jul 1838  Mahlon Dickerson                   (b. 1770 - d. 1853)
 1 Jul 1838 -  3 Mar 1841  James Kirke Paulding               (b. 1778 - d. 1860)
 4 Mar 1841 -  5 Mar 1841  John D. Simms (1st time)(acting)   (b. 1788 - d. 1843)
 5 Mar 1841 - 11 Sep 1841  George Edmund Badger               (b. 1795 - d. 1866)
11 Sep 1841 – 11 Oct 1841  John D. Simms (2nd time)(acting)   (s.a.)
11 Oct 1841 - 24 Jul 1843  Abel Parker Upshur                 (b. 1790 - d. 1844)
24 Jul 1843 - 18 Feb 1844  David Henshaw                      (b. 1791 - d. 1852)
19 Feb 1844 - 28 Feb 1844  Thomas Walker Gilmer               (b. 1802 - d. 1844)
29 Feb 1844 – 26 Mar 1844  Lewis Warrington (1st time)(acting)(b. 1782 – d. 1851)
26 Mar 1844 - 10 Mar 1845  John Young Mason (1st time)        (b. 1799 - d. 1859)
10 Mar 1845 -  9 Sep 1846  George Bancroft                    (b. 1800 - d. 1891)
 9 Sep 1846 -  8 Mar 1849  John Young Mason (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1849 - 23 Jul 1850  William Ballard Preston            (b. 1805 - d. 1862)
23 Jul 1850 –  2 Aug 1850  Lewis Warrington (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
 2 Aug 1850 - 26 Jul 1852  William Alexander Graham           (b. 1804 - d. 1875)
26 Jul 1852 -  7 Mar 1853  John Pendelton Kennedy             (b. 1795 - d. 1870)
 7 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  James Cochrane Dobbin              (b. 1804 - d. 1857)
 6 Mar 1857 -  7 Mar 1861  Isaac Toucey                       (b. 1796 - d. 1869)
 7 Mar 1861 -  4 Mar 1869  Gideon Welles                      (b. 1802 - d. 1878)
 4 Mar 1869 -  9 Mar 1869  William Faxon (acting)             (b. 1822 - d. 1883)
 9 Mar 1869 - 25 Jun 1869  Adolph Edward Borie                (b. 1809 - d. 1880)
25 Jun 1869 - 12 Mar 1877  George Maxwell Robeson             (b. 1829 - d. 1897)
12 Mar 1877 - 20 Dec 1880  Richard Wigginton Thompson         (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
20 Dec 1880 -  6 Jan 1881  Alexander Ramsey (acting)          (b. 1815 - d. 1903)
 6 Jan 1881 -  7 Mar 1881  Nathan Goff, Jr.                   (b. 1843 - d. 1920)
 7 Mar 1881 - 17 Apr 1882  William Henry Hunt                 (b. 1823 - d. 1884)
17 Apr 1882 -  6 Mar 1885  William Eaton Chandler             (b. 1835 - d. 1917)
 6 Mar 1885 -  5 Mar 1889  William Colins Whitney             (b. 1841 - d. 1904)
 5 Mar 1889 -  6 Mar 1893  Benjamin Franklin Tracy            (b. 1830 - d. 1915)
 6 Mar 1893 -  5 Mar 1897  Hilary Abner Herbert               (b. 1834 - d. 1919)
 5 Mar 1897 -  1 May 1902  John Davis Long                    (b. 1838 - d. 1915)
 1 May 1902 –  1 Jul 1904  William Henry Moody                (b. 1853 - d. 1917)
 1 Jul 1904 –  1 Jul 1905  Paul Morton                        (b. 1857 - d. 1911)
 1 Jul 1905 - 17 Dec 1906  Charles Joseph Bonaparte           (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
17 Dec 1906 -  1 Dec 1908  Victor Howard Metcalf              (b. 1853 - d. 1936)
 1 Dec 1908 -  5 Mar 1909  Truman Handy Newberry              (b. 1864 - d. 1945)
 5 Mar 1909 -  5 Mar 1913  George von Lengerke Meyer          (b. 1858 - d. 1918)
 5 Mar 1913 -  5 Mar 1921  Josephus Daniels                   (b. 1861 - d. 1948)

 
5 Mar 1921 - 18 Mar 1924  Edwin C. Denby                     (b. 1870 - d. 1929)
18 Mar 1924 -  5 Mar 1929  Curtis Dwight Wibur                (b. 1867 - d. 1954)
 5 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Charles Francis Adams              (b. 1866 - d. 1954)
 4 Mar 1933 -  7 Jul 1939  Claude Augustus Swanson            (b. 1862 - d. 1939)
 
8 Jul 1939 - 24 Jun 1940  Charles Edison                     (b. 1890 - d. 1969)
                             (acting to 11 Jan 1940)
24 Jun 1940 - 10 Jul 1940  Lewis Compton
(acting)             (b. 1892 - d. 1942)
10 Jul 1940 - 28 Apr 1944  Frank Knox                         (b. 1874 - d. 1944)
28 Apr 1944 - 18 May 1944  Ralph A. Bard (acting)             (b. 1884 - d. 1975) 
18 May 1944 - 17 Sep 1947  James V. Forrestal                 (b. 1892 - d. 1949)
18 Sep 1947 - 24 May 1949  John Lawrence Sullivan             (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
25 May 1949 - 31 Jul 1951  Francis Patrick Matthews           (b. 1887 - d. 1952)
31 Jul 1951 - 20 Jan 1953  Dan A. Kimball                     (b. 1896 - d. 1970)
20 Jan 1953 -  4 Feb 1953  Francis P. Whitehair (acting)      (b. 1900 - d. 1977)
 4 Feb 1953 -  3 May 1954  Robert Bernard Anderson            (b. 1910 - d. 1989)
 3 May 1954 -  1 Apr 1957  Charles Sparks Thomas              (b. 1897 - d. 1983)
 1 Apr 1957 -  8 Jun 1959  Thomas Sovereign Gates, Jr.        (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
 8 Jun 1959 - 19 Jan 1961  William Franke                     (b. 1894 - d. 1979)
25 Jan 1961 - 20 Dec 1961  John Bowden Connally               (b. 1917 - d. 1993)
 4 Jan 1962 -  1 Nov 1963  Fred Korth                         (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
 2 Nov 1963 - 28 Nov 1963  Paul B. Fay, Jr. (acting)          (b. 1918 - d. 2009)
29 Nov 1963 - 30 Jun 1967  Paul H. Nitze                      (b. 1907 - d. 2004)
 1 Jul 1967 - 31 Aug 1967  Charles F. Baird (acting)          (b. 1922 - d. 2009)
 1 Sep 1967 - 20 Jan 1969  Paul R. Ignatius                   (b. 1920)
31 Jan 1969 -  4 May 1972  John H. Chafee                     (b. 1922 - d. 1999)
 4 May 1972 -  8 Apr 1974  John W. Warner                     (b. 1927)
 8 Apr 1974 - 20 Jan 1977  J. William Middendorf II           (b. 1924)
20 Jan 1977 - 14 Feb 1977  David R. Macdonald (acting)        (b. 1930)
14 Feb 1977 - 24 Aug 1979  W. Graham Claytor, Jr.             (b. 1912 - d. 1994)
24 Aug 1979 - 24 Oct 1979  R. James Woolsey (acting)          (b. 1941)
24 Oct 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  Edward Hidalgo                     (b. 1912 - d. 1995)
 5 Feb 1981 - 10 Apr 1987  John F. Lehman, Jr.                (b. 1942)
10 Apr 1987 -  1 May 1987  James F. Goodrich (acting)         (b. 1913 - d. 2012)
 1 May 1987 - 23 Feb 1988  James H. Webb, Jr.                 (b. 1946)
23 Feb 1988 - 28 Mar 1988  Henry Lawrence Garrett III         (b. 1939)
                             (1st time)(acting)
28 Mar 1988 - 15 May 1989  William L. Ball                    (b. 1948)
15 May 1989 - 26 Jun 1992  Henry Lawrence Garrett III         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
26 Jun 1992 -  7 Jul 1992  J. Daniel Howard (acting)          (b. 1943)
 7 Jul 1992 - 20 Jan 1993  Sean O'Keefe                       (b. 1956)
                             (acting to 2 Oct 1992)
20 Jan 1993 - 21 Jul 1993  Frank B. Kelso II (acting)         (b. 1933 - d. 2013)
22 Jul 1993 - 16 Nov 1998  John H. Dalton                     (b. 1941)
16 Nov 1998 - 20 Jan 2001  Richard Danzig                     (b. 1944)
20 Jan 2001 - 24 May 2001  Robert B. Pirie, Jr. (acting)      (b. 1933)
24 May 2001 - 24 Jan 2003  Gordon R. England (1st time)       (b. 1937)
24 Jan 2003 -  7 Feb 2003  Susan Morrisey Livingstone (f)     (b. 1946)
                             (acting)
 7 Feb 2003 -  1 Oct 2003  Hansford T. Johnson (acting)       (b. 1936)
 1 Oct 2003 - 29 Dec 2005  Gordon R. England (2nd time)       (s.a.)
29 Dec 2005 -  3 Jan 2006  Dionel M. Aviles (acting)          (b. 1961)
 3 Jan 2006 - 13 Mar 2009  Donald C. Winter                   (b. 1948)
13 Mar 2009 - 19 May 2009  B.J. "Buddy" Penn (acting)
19 May 2009 -              Raymond "Ray" E. Mabus, Jr.        (b. 1948)    

Navy 

[flag of Chief of Naval
                Operations]
    Chief of Naval Operations Flag
            Adopted Oct 1956

Commander in chief of the Continental Navy
22 Dec 1775 -  2 Jan 1778  Esek Hopkins                       (b. 1718 - d. 1802)
Presidents of the Board of Naval Commissioners

May 1780 -  7 Feb 1815     Post abolished
 7 Feb 1815 - 1824         John Rodgers (1st time)            (b. 1773 - d. 1838)
1824 - 1827                William Bainbridge                 (b. 1774 - d. 1833)
1827 - 1837                John Rodgers (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1827 - Jan 1840            Isaac Chauncey                     (b. 1772 - d. 1840)
1841 - 31 Aug 1842         Lewis Warrington                   (b. 1782 - d. 1851)
31 Aug 1842 - 11 May 1915  Post abolished
Chiefs of Naval Operations
11 May 1915 - 25 Sep 1919  William Shepherd Benson            (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
 1 Nov 1919 - 21 Jul 1923  Robert Edward Coontz               (b. 1864 - d. 1935)
21 Jul 1923 - 14 Nov 1927  Edward Walter Eberle               (b. 1864 - d. 1929)
14 Nov 1927 - 17 Sep 1930  Charles Frederick Hughes           (b. 1866 - d. 1934)
17 Sep 1930 - 30 Jun 1933  William Veazie Pratt               (b. 1869 - d. 1957)
 1 Jul 1933 -  1 Jan 1937  William Harrison Standley          (b. 1872 - d. 1963)
 2 Jan 1937 -  1 Aug 1939  William Daniel Leahy               (b. 1875 - d. 1959)
 1 Aug 1939 - 26 Mar 1942  Harold Raynsford Stark             (b. 1880 - d. 1972)
26 Mar 1942 - 15 Dec 1945  Ernest Joseph King                 (b. 1878 - d. 1956)
15 Dec 1945 - 15 Dec 1947  Chester William Nimitz             (b. 1885 - d. 1966)
15 Dec 1947 -  1 Nov 1949  Louis Emil Denfeld                 (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
 2 Nov 1949 - 22 Jul 1951  Forrest Percival Sherman           (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
22 Jul 1951 - 16 Aug 1951  Lynde D. McCormick (acting)        (b. 1895 - d. 1956)
16 Aug 1951 - 17 Aug 1953  William Morrow Fechteler           (b. 1896 - d. 1967)
17 Aug 1953 - 17 Aug 1955  Robert Bostwick Carney             (b. 1895 - d. 1990)
17 Aug 1955 -  1 Aug 1961  Arleigh Albert Burke               (b. 1901 - d. 1996)
 1 Aug 1961 -  1 Aug 1963  George Whelan Anderson, Jr.        (b. 1906 - d. 1992)
 1 Aug 1963 -  1 Aug 1967  David Lamar McDonald               (b. 1906 - d. 1997)
 1 Aug 1967 - 30 Jun 1970  Thomas Hinman Moorer               (b. 1912 - d. 2004)
 1 Jul 1970 - 30 Jun 1974  Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr.          (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
 1 Jul 1974 - 30 Jun 1978  James Lemuel Holloway III          (b. 1922)
 1 Jul 1978 - 30 Jun 1982  Thomas B. Hayward                  (b. 1924)
 1 Jul 1982 - 30 Jun 1986  James D. Watkins                   (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
 1 Jul 1986 - 30 Jun 1990  Carlisle A.H. Trost                (b. 1930)
 1 Jul 1990 - 23 Apr 1994  Frank B. Kelso II                  (b. 1933 - d. 2013)
23 Apr 1994 - 16 May 1996  Jeremy M. "Mike" Boorda            (b. 1939 - d. 1996)
16 May 1996 - 21 Jul 2000  Jay L. Johnson                     (b. 1946)
                             (acting to 2 Aug 1996)    
21 Jul 2000 - 22 Jul 2005  Vern Clark                         (b. 1944)
22 Jul 2005 - 29 Sep 2007  Michael Mullen                     (b. 1946)
29 Sep 2007 - 23 Sep 2011  Gary G. Roughead                   (b. 1951)
23 Sep 2011 -              Jonathan W. Greenert               (b. 1953)

Women Accepted Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES)

30 Jul 1942                Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).
Mar 1973                   Post of Assistant to the Chief of Navy Personnel for Women
                             is abolished
.
1977                       Disbanded; women integrated into regular Navy.

Directors (Assistants to the Chief of Navy Personnel for Women)
 3 Aug 1942 - Feb 1946     Mildred McAfee Horton (f)          (b. 1900 - d. 1994)
                             (from Aug 1945, Mildred Helen McAfee Horton)
Feb 1946 - Jul 1946        Jean Tilford Palmer (f)            (b. 1903 - d. 1992)
Jul 1946 - 30 Jun 1953     Joy Bright Hancock (f)             (b. 1898 - d. 1986)
30 Jun 1953 - Aug 1957     Louise K. "Billie" Wilde (f)       (b. 1910 - d. 1979)
Aug 1957 - Apr 1962        Winifred Redden Quick Collins (f)  (b. 1911 - d. 1999)
Apr 1962 - Apr 1966        Viola Brown Sanders (f)            (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
Apr 1966 - Jan 1971        Rita Lenihan (f)                   (b. 1914 - d. 1989)
Jan 1971 - Mar 1973        Robin Lindsay Catherine Quigley (f)(b. 1929)


Marine Corps

[U.S. Marine Corps
                          colors c.1830-1850]                    c.1830 - 1850

[U.S.
                          Marine Corps colors 1850-1939]                    1850 - 18 Jan 1939

[U.S.
                          Marine Corps Outdoor flag]                   Adopted 18 Jan 1939

[flag of Commandant of the U.S. Marine
                        Corps]              Flag of the Commandant


U.S. Marine Corps

10 Nov 1775                Continental Marine Corps established.
30 Nov 1783                Disbanded
11 Jul 1798                United States Marine Corps
.

Commandants of the Marine Corps (subordinate to Secretary of the Navy)
28 Nov 1775 - 1781         Samuel Nicholas¹                   (b. 1744 - d. 1790)
1781 - 11 Jul 1798         Post abolished
12 Jul 1798 -  6 Mar 1804  William Ward Burrows               (b. 1758 - d. 1804)
 7 Mar 1804 -  1 Sep 1818  Franklin Wharton                   (b. 1767 - d. 1818)
 2 Sep 1818 - 15 Sep 1818  Samuel Miller (acting)             (b. 1775 - d. 1855)
16 Sep 1818 -  2 Mar 1819  Archibald Henderson (1st time)     (b. 1783 - d. 1859)
                             (acting)
 3 Mar 1819 - 16 Oct 1820  Anthony Gale                       (b. 1782 - d. 1843)
17 Oct 1820 -  6 Jan 1859  Archibald Henderson (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 7 Jan 1859 - 12 May 1864  John Harris                        (b. 1790 - d. 1864)
13 May 1864 -  9 Jun 1864  Augustus S. Nicholson (acting)     (b. 1830 - d. 1911)
10 Jun 1864 - 31 Oct 1876  Jacob Zeilin                       (b. 1806 - d. 1880)
 1 Nov 1876 - 29 Jan 1891  Charles McCawley                   (b. 1827 - d. 1891)
30 Jan 1891 -  2 Oct 1903  Charles Heywood                    (b. 1839 - d. 1915)
 3 Oct 1903 - 30 Nov 1910  George Elliott                     (b. 1846 - d. 1931)
 1 Dec 1910 - 24 Feb 1914  William Phillips Biddle            (b. 1853 - d. 1923)
                             (acting to 3 Feb 1911)
25 Feb 1914 - 30 Jun 1920  George M.G. Barnett                (b. 1859 - d. 1930)
 1 Jul 1920 -  4 Mar 1929  John Archer Lejeune                (b. 1867 - d. 1942)
 5 Mar 1929 -  8 Jul 1930  Wendell Cushing Neville            (b. 1870 - d. 1930)
 9 Jul 1930 - 28 Feb 1934  Ben Hebard Fuller                  (b. 1870 - d. 1937)
 1 Mar 1934 - 30 Nov 1936  John Herny Russell                 (b. 1872 - d. 1947)
 1 Dec 1936 - 31 Dec 1943  Thomas Holcomb                     (b. 1879 - d. 1965)
 1 Jan 1944 - 31 Dec 1947  Alexander Archer Vandegrift        (b. 1887 - d. 1973)
 1 Jan 1948 - 31 Dec 1951  Clifton B. Cates                   (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
 1 Jan 1952 - 31 Dec 1955  Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.            (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
 1 Jan 1956 - 31 Dec 1959  Randolph McCall Pate               (b. 1898 - d. 1961)
 1 Jan 1960 - 31 Dec 1963  David M. Shoup                     (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
 1 Jan 1964 - 31 Dec 1967  Wallace M. Greene, Jr.             (b. 1907 - d. 2003)
 1 Jan 1968 - 31 Dec 1971  Leonard F. Chapman, Jr.            (b. 1913 - d. 2000)
 1 Jan 1972 - 30 Jun 1975  Ronert E. Cushman, Jr.             (b. 1914 - d. 1985)
 1 Jul 1975 - 30 Jun 1979  Louis H. Wilson, Jr.               (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
 1 Jul 1979 - 30 Jun 1983  Robert H. Barrow                   (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
 1 Jul 1983 - 30 Jun 1987  Paul X. Kelley                     (b. 1928)
 1 Jul 1987 - 30 Jun 1991  Alfred M. Gray, Jr.                (b. 1928)
 1 Jul 1991 - 30 Jun 1995  Carl E. Mundy, Jr.                 (b. 1935 - d. 2014)
 1 Jul 1995 - 30 Jun 1999  Charles C. Krulak                  (b. 1942)
 1 Jul 1999 - 13 Jan 2003  James L. Jones                     (b. 1943)
13 Jan 2003 - 13 Nov 2006  Michael W. Hagee                   (b. 1944)
13 Nov 2006 - 22 Oct 2010  James T. Conway                    (b. 1947)
22 Oct 2010 - 20 Oct 2014  James F. Amos                      (b. 1946)
20 Oct 2014 -             
Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.             (b. 1955)


Marine Corps Women's Reserve (MCWR)

29 Jan 1943                Marine Corps Women's Reserve (MCWR) created.
12 Jun 1948                Renamed Women Marines.
 1 Jul 1977                Disbanded; women integrated into regular Marine Corps.

Directors
29 Jan 1943 -  7 Dec 1945  Ruth Cheney Streeter (f)           (b. 1895 - d. 1990)
 7 Dec 1945 - 12 Jun 1946  Katherine Amelia Towle (f)         (b. 1898 - d. 1986)
                             (1st time) 
12 Jun 1946 -  3 Sep 1948  Julia E. Hamblet (f) (1st time)    (b. 1916)
 4 Sep 1948 - 30 Apr 1953  Katherine Amelia Towle (f)         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 1 May 1953 -  2 Mar 1959  Julia E. Hamblet (f) (2nd time)    (s.a.)
 2 Mar 1959 -  2 Jan 1964  Margaret Monroe Henderson (f)      (b. 1911 - d. 2004)
 3 Jan 1964 -  1 Feb 1969  Barbara Janet Bishop (f)           (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
 1 Feb 1969 - 31 Jan 1973  Jeanette I. Sustad                 (b. 1922 - d. 1978)
 1 Feb 1973 - 30 Jun 1977  Margaret A. Brewer (f)             (b. 1930 - d. 2013)

 ¹The resolution of Congress on 10 Nov 1775 provided for a colonel to command two
battalions of Marines authorized, but the highest rank received by any Marine during
the revolution was major. Samuel Nicholas (s.a.) was appointed "Captain of Marines" on 28
Nov 1775, and promoted to major on 25 Jun 1776. Because of his senior status among
other Marine officers of the Revolution, he is numbered as the first Commandant.
The year 1781 saw Major Nicholas' return to private life. By the summer of 1781 there
were only three Marine captains and three lieutenants on active duty, and the overall organization had ceased to exist.


Department of the Air Force

[US Air Force flag]
                 Adopted 26 Mar 1951

U.S. Air Force

18 Sep 1947                Department of the Air Force created and made
                             a branch of the Department of Defense.

Secretaries
18 Sep 1947 - 24 Apr 1950  William Stuart Symington           (b. 1901 - d. 1988)
24 Apr 1950 - 20 Jan 1953  Thomas K. Finletter                (b. 1893 - d. 1980)
20 Jan 1953 -  4 Feb 1953  Roswell K. Gilpatric (acting)      (b. 1906 - d. 1996)
 4 Feb 1953 - 13 Aug 1955  Harold Elstner Talbott             (b. 1888 - d. 1957)
15 Aug 1955 - 30 Apr 1957  Donald Aubrey Quarles              (b. 1894 - d. 1959)
 1 May 1957 - 11 Dec 1959  James Henderson Douglas, Jr.       (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
11 Dec 1959 - 20 Jan 1961  Dudley Crawford Sharpe             (b. 1905 - d. 1987)
24 Jan 1961 - 30 Sep 1965  Eugene M. Zuckert                  (b. 1911 - d. 2000)
 1 Oct 1965 - 15 Feb 1969  Harold Brown                       (b. 1927)
15 Feb 1969 - 14 May 1973  Robert C. Seamans, Jr.             (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
15 May 1973 - 23 Nov 1975  John L. McLucas                    (b. 1920 - d. 2002)
                             (acting to 18 Jul 1973)
24 Nov 1975 -  1 Jan 1976  James W. Plummer (acting)          (b. 1920 - d. 2013)
 2 Jan 1976 -  6 Apr 1977  Thomas C. Reed                     (b. 1934)
 6 Apr 1977 - 18 May 1979  John C. Stetson                    (b. 1920 - d. 2007)
18 May 1979 -  9 Feb 1981  Hans M. Mark                       (b. 1929)
                             (acting to 26 Jul 1979)
 9 Feb 1981 - 30 Nov 1985  Verne Orr                          (b. 1916 - d. 2008)
 9 Dec 1985 -  7 Apr 1986  Russell A. Rourke                  (b. 1931 - d. 2003)
 8 Apr 1986 - 15 Dec 1988  Edward C. Aldridge, Jr.            (b. 1938)
                             (acting to 8 Jun 1986)
16 Dec 1988 - 29 Apr 1989  James F. McGovern (acting)         (b. 1946)
29 Apr 1989 - 21 May 1989  John J. Welch, Jr. (acting)        (b. 1930 - d. 2010)
22 May 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Donald B. Rice                     (b. 1939)
20 Jan 1993 - 13 Jul 1993  Michael B. Donley (1st time)       (b. 1952)
                             (acting)       
14 Jul 1993 -  5 Aug 1993  Merrill A. McPeak (acting)         (b. 1936)
 6 Aug 1993 - 31 Oct 1997  Sheila E. Widnall (f)              (b. 1938)
 1 Nov 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  F. Whitten Peters                  (b. 1946)
                             (acting to 30 Jul 1999)
20 Jan 2001 - 31 May 2001  Lawrence J. Delaney (acting)       (b. 1935)
 1 Jun 2001 - 20 Jan 2005  James G. Roche                     (b. 1939)
20 Jan 2005 - 25 Mar 2005  Peter B. Teets (acting)            (b. 1942)
25 Mar 2005 - 28 Mar 2005  Michael Montelongo (acting)        (b. 1955)
28 Mar 2005 - 29 Jul 2005  Michael L. Dominguez (acting)      (b. 1953)  
29 Jul 2005 -  3 Nov 2005  Preston "Pete" M. Geren (acting)   (b. 1952)
 3 Nov 2005 - 21 Jun 2008  Michael W. Wynne                   (b. 1944)
21 Jun 2008 - 21 Jun 2013  Michael B. Donley (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting to 17 Oct 2008)
21 Jun 2013 - 20 Dec 2013  Eric K. Fanning (acting)           (b. 1968?)
20 Dec 2013 -              Deborah Lee James (f)              (b. 1958)


Air Force
 
[US Army
                      Air Corps Headquaters flag]
    Army Air Corps 1941 - 1947
[Chief of
                      Staff of the Air Force flag]
     Air Force Chief of Staff Flag

 1 Aug 1907                Aeronautical Division established within the
                             U.S. Army Signal Corps.
18 Jul 1914                Renamed Army Aviation Section.
21 May 1918                Separated from Signal Corps and divided into the
                             Division of Military Aeronautics and the Bureau of
                             Aircraft Production.
27 Aug 1918                Reunified as the Army Air Service.
 2 Jul 1926                Renamed Army Air Corps.
20 Jul 1941                Army Air Forces.
 9 Feb 1942                Post of Chief of the Air Force Staff created.
18 Sep 1947                U.S. Air Force a separate branch of Department of Defense.

Chief Signal Officers in charge of the Army Air Units
 1 Aug 1907 - 13 Feb 1913  James Allen                        (b. 1849 - d. 1933)
                            (Chief Signal Officer from 1906)
 5 Mar 1913 - 13 Feb 1917  George Percival Scriven            (b. 1854 - d. 1940)
14 Feb 1917 - 20 May 1918  George Owen Squier                 (b. 1865 - d. 1934)
                            (continued as Chief of Signal to 1923) 
Chief of the Division of Military Aeronautics
21 May 1918 - 27 Aug 1918  William Lacy Kenley                (b. 1864 - d. 1928)
Chief of the Bureau of Aircraft Production
21 May 1918 - 27 Aug 1918  John Dennis Ryan                   (b. 1864 - d. 1933)
Directors of the Air Service
27 Aug 1918 - 23 Dec 1918  John Dennis Ryan                   (s.a.)
23 Dec 1918 -  4 Jun 1920  Charles Thomas Menoher             (b. 1862 - d. 1930)
Chiefs of the Air Service
 4 Jun 1920 -  5 Oct 1921  Charles Thomas Menoher             (s.a.)
 5 Oct 1921 -  2 Jul 1926  Mason Matthews Patrick             (b. 1863 - d. 1942)
Chiefs of the Air Corps
 2 Jul 1926 - 13 Dec 1927  Mason Matthews Patrick             (b. 1863 - d. 1942)
14 Dec 1927 - 18 Mar 1931  James Edmond Fechet                (b. 1877 - d. 1948)
19 Mar 1931 - 21 Dec 1935  Benjamin Delahauf Foulois          (b. 1879 - d. 1967)
22 Dec 1935 - 21 Sep 1938  Oscar M. Westover                  (b. 1883 - d. 1938)
22 Sep 1938 - 29 May 1941  Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold          (b. 1886 - d. 1950)
30 May 1941 - 19 Jun 1941  George Howard Brett                (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
Chief of the Army Air Forces
20 Jun 1941 -  9 Mar 1942  Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold          (s.a.)
Commanding Generals of the Army Air Forces
 9 Mar 1942 - 14 Feb 1946  Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold          (s.a.)
15 Feb 1946 - 25 Sep 1947  Carl Andrew Spaatz                 (b. 1891 - d. 1974)
Chiefs of the Air Force Staff
26 Sep 1947 - 30 Apr 1948  Carl Andrew Spaatz                 (s.a.)
30 Apr 1948 - 30 Jun 1953  Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg            (b. 1899 - d. 1954)
30 Jul 1953 - 30 Jun 1957  Nathan Farragut Twining            (b. 1897 - d. 1982)
 1 Jul 1957 - 30 Jun 1961  Thomas Desser White                (b. 1901 - d. 1965)
30 Jun 1961 - 31 Jan 1965  Curtis Emerson LeMay               (b. 1906 - d. 1990)
 1 Feb 1965 -  1 Aug 1969  John Paul McConnell                (b. 1908 - d. 1986)
 1 Aug 1969 - 31 Jul 1973  John Dale Ryan                     (b. 1915 - d. 1983)
 1 Aug 1973 - 30 Jun 1974  George Scratchley Brown            (b. 1918 - d. 1978)
 1 Jul 1974 - 20 Jun 1978  David C. Jones                     (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
 1 Jul 1978 - 30 Jun 1982  Lew Allen, Jr.                     (b. 1925 - d. 2010)
 1 Jul 1982 - 30 Jun 1986  Charles A. Gabriel                 (b. 1928 - d. 2003)
 1 Jul 1986 - 30 Jun 1990  Larry D. Welch                     (b. 1934)
 1 Jul 1990 - 17 Sep 1990  Michael J. Dugan                   (b. 1937)
17 Sep 1990 - 27 Oct 1990  John M. Loh (acting)               (b. 1938)
27 Oct 1990 - 25 Oct 1994  Merrill A. McPeak                  (b. 1936)
26 Oct 1994 -  1 Sep 1997  Ronald R. Fogleman                 (b. 1942)
 2 Sep 1997 -  5 Oct 1997  Ralph E. Eberhart (acting)         (b. 1946)
 6 Oct 1997 -  6 Sep 2001  Michael E. Ryan                    (b. 1941)
 6 Sep 2001 -  2 Sep 2005  John P. Jumper                     (b. 1945)
 2 Sep 2005 -  1 Aug 2008  T. Michael "Buzz" Moseley          (b. 1949)
 1 Aug 2008 - 12 Aug 2008  Duncan J. McNabb (acting)          (b. 1952)
12 Aug 2008 - 10 Aug 2012  Norton A. Schwartz                 (b. 1951)
10 Aug 2012 -              Mark A. Welsh III                  (b. 1953)

Women in the Air Force

10 Sep 1942                Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS).
15 Sep 1942                Women's Flying Training Detachment (WFTD).
 5 Aug 1943                Women's Air Force Service Pilots (WASP) formed
                             consolidating the WAFS and WFTD.
20 Dec 1944                WASPs are disbanded.
12 Jun 1948                Women in the Air Force (WAF) created.
 1 Jul 1976                WAF disbanded; women integrated into regular Air Force.

Commander of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron
11 Sep 1942 -  4 Aug 1943  Nancy Harkness Love (f)            (b. 1914 - d. 1976)
Commander of the Women's Flying Training Detachment 
15 Sep 1942 -  5 Aug 1943  Jacqueline Cochran (f)             (b. 1906 - d. 1980)
Commander of the Women's Air Force Service Pilots
 5 Aug 1943 - 20 Dec 1944  Jacqueline Cochran (f)             (s.a.)
Directors of Women in the Air Force 
16 Jun 1948 - 29 May 1951  Geraldine Pratt May (f)            (b. 1895 - d. 1997)
29 May 1951 -  1 Jan 1954  Mary Josephine Shelly (f)          (b. 1907 - d. 1979)
 
1 Jan 1954 - 1957         Phyllis D.S. Gray (f)              (b. .... - d. ....)
1957 - 1961                Emma J. Riley (f)                  (b. 1914 - d. 1999)
Sep 1961 - 1965            Elizabeth "Betty" Ann Ray (f)      (b. 1913 - d. 2011)
 1 Nov 1965 -  1 Mar 1973  Jeanne M. Holm (f)                 (b. 1921 - d. 2010)
Mar 1973 - Apr 1975        Billie M. Bobbitt (f)              (b. 1923)
Apr 1975 - Jun 1976        Bianca D. Trimeloni (f)            (b. 1927 - d. 1989)


Regional Commands

African Command (AFRICOM)

[African Command
                (AFRICOM)]

Commanders, U.S. African Command
26 Feb 2007 - 30 Sep 2007  Robert T. Moeller (acting)         (b. 1951 - d. 2011)
 1 Oct 2007 -  9 Mar 2011  William "Kip" E. Ward              (b. 1949)
 9 Mar 2011 -  5 Apr 2013  Carter F. Ham                      (b. 1952)
 5 Apr 2013 -              David M. Rodriguez                 (b. 1954)

Central Command (CENTCOM)

[Central Command
                (CENTCOM)]

Commanders-in-chief
 1 Jan 1983 - 27 Nov 1985  Robert C. Kingston                 (b. 1928 - d. 2007)
27 Nov 1985 - 23 Nov 1988  George B. Crist                    (b. 1931)
23 Nov 1988 -  9 Aug 1991  H. Norman Schwarzkopf              (b. 1934 - d. 2012)
 9 Aug 1991 -  5 Aug 1994  Joseph P. Hoar                     (b. 1934)
 5 Aug 1994 - 13 Aug 1997  J.H. Binford Peay III              (b. 1940)
13 Aug 1997 -  6 Jul 2000  Anthony Zinni                      (b. 1947)
 6 Jul 2000 -  7 Jul 2003  Tommy Ray Franks                   (b. 1945)
 7 Jul 2003 - 24 Oct 2002  John P. Abizaid                    (b. 1951)
Commanders, U.S. Central Command
24 Oct 2002 - 16 Mar 2007  John P. Abizaid                    (s.a.)
16 Mar 2007 - 28 Mar 2008 
William J. Fallon                  (b. 1944)
28 Mar 2008 - 31 Oct 2008  Martin E. Dempsey (acting)         (b. 1952)
31 Oct 2008 - 30 Jun 2010  David H. Petraeus                  (b. 1952)
30 Jun 2010 - 11 Aug 2010  John R. Allen (acting)             (b. 1953)
11 Aug 2010 - 22 Mar 2013  James N. Mattis                    (b. 1950)
22 Mar 2013 -              Lloyd James Austin III             (b. 1953)

European Command (EUCOM)

[European Command (EUCOM)]

Commanders-in-chief

 1 Aug 1952 - 11 Jul 1953  Matthew B. Ridgway                 (b. 1895 - d. 1993)
11 Jul 1953 - 20 Nov 1956  Alfred M. Gruenther                (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
20 Nov 1956 -  1 Nov 1962  Lauris Norstad                     (b. 1907 - d. 1988)
 1 Nov 1962 -  5 May 1969  Lyman L. Lemnitzer                 (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
 5 May 1969 -  1 Nov 1974  Andrew J. Goodpaster               (b. 1915 - d. 2005)
 1 Nov 1974 - 27 Jun 1979  Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.          (b. 1924 - d. 2010)
27 Jun 1979 - 25 Jun 1987  Bernard Rogers                     (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
25 Jun 1987 - 23 Jun 1992  John Galvin                        (b. 1929)
23 Jun 1992 - 21 Oct 1993  John M. Shalikashvili              (b. 1936 - d. 2011)
21 Oct 1993 - 10 Jul 1997  George A. Joulwan                  (b. 1939)
10 Jul 1997 -  2 May 2000  Wesley K. Clark                    (b. 1944)
 2 May 2000 - 24 Oct 2002  Joseph W. Ralston                  (b. 1943)
Commanders, U.S. European Command
24 Oct 2002 - 16 Jan 2003  Joseph W. Ralston                  (s.a.)
16 Jan 2003 -  4 Dec 2006  James L. Jones                     (b. 1943)
 4 Dec 2006 - 30 Jun 2009  Bantz J. Craddock                  (b. 1949)
30 Jun 2009 - 10 May 2013  James G. Stavridis                 (b. 1955)
13 May 2013 -              Philip M. Breedlove                (b. 1955)

Northern Command (NORTHCOM)

[Northern Command
              (NORTHCOM)]

Commanders-in-chief
(from 24 Oct 2002, Commanders, U.S. Northern Command)
 1 Oct 2002 -  5 Nov 2004  Ralph E. Eberhart                  (b. 1946)
 5 Nov 2004 - 23 Mar 2007  Timothy J. Keating                 (b. 1948)
23 Mar 2007 - 19 May 2010  Victor E. "Gene" Renuart, Jr.      (b. 1949)
19 May 2010 -  3 Aug 2011  James A. Winnefeld, Jr.            (b. 1956)
 3 Auy 2011 -              Charles H. Jacoby, Jr.             (b. 1954)


Pacific Command (PACOM)

[U.S. Pacific Command
                (PACOM)]

Commanders-in-chief
 1 Jan 1947 - 28 Feb 1947  John H. Towers                     (b. 1885 - d. 1955)
28 Feb 1947 -  3 Dec 1947  Louis E. Denfeld                   (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
12 Jan 1948 - 30 Apr 1949  DeWitt C. Ramsey                   (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
30 Apr 1949 - 10 Jul 1953  Arthur W. Radford                  (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
10 Jul 1953 - 31 Jul 1958  Felix B. Stump                     (b. 1894 - d. 1972)
31 Jul 1958 - 30 Jun 1964  Harry D. Felt                      (b. 1902 - d. 1992)
30 Jun 1964 - 31 Jul 1968  Ulysses S. Grant Sharp             (b. 1906 - d. 2001)
31 Jul 1968 -  1 Sep 1972  John S. McCain, Jr.                (b. 1911 - d. 1981)
 1 Sep 1972 - 30 Aug 1976  Noel A.M. Gayler                   (b. 1913 - d. 2011)
30 Aug 1976 - 31 Oct 1979  Maurice F. Weisner                 (b. 1917 - d. 2006)
31 Oct 1979 -  1 Jul 1983  Robert L.J. Long                   (b. 1920 - d. 2002)
 1 Jul 1983 - 18 Sep 1985  William J. Crowe, Jr.              (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
18 Sep 1985 - 30 Sep 1988  Ronald J. Hays                     (b. 1928)
30 Sep 1988 -  1 Mar 1991  Huntington Hardisty                (b. 1929 - d. 2003)
 1 Mar 1991 - 11 Jul 1994  Charles R. Larson                  (b. 1936 - d. 2014)
11 Jul 1994 - 19 Jul 1994  Harold T. Fields                   (b. 1938)
19 Jul 1994 - 31 Jan 1996  Richard C. Macke                   (b. 1938)
31 Jan 1996 - 20 Feb 1999  Joseph W. Prueher                  (b. 1942)
20 Feb 1999 -  2 May 2002  Dennis C. Blair                    (b. 1947)
 2 May 2002 - 24 Oct 2002  Thomas B. Fargo                    (b. 1948)
Commanders, U.S. Pacific Command
24 Oct 2002 - 26 Feb 2005  Thomas B. Fargo                    (s.a.)
26 Feb 2005 - 12 Mar 2007  William J. Fallon                  (b. 1944)
12 Mar 2007 - 23 Mar 2007  Daniel P. Leaf (acting)            (b. 1952?)
23 Mar 2007 - 19 Oct 2009  Timothy J. Keating                 (b. 1948)
19 Oct 2009 -  9 Mar 2012  Robert F. Willard                  (b. 1950)
 9 Mar 2012 -              Samuel J. Locklear III             (b. 1954)


Southern Command (SOUTHCOM)

[U.S. Southern Command
                (SOUTHCOM)]

 1 Jul 1917                Panama Canal Department.
10 Feb 1941                Caribbean Defense Command.
 1 Nov 1947                U.S. Caribbean Command.
 6 Jun 1963                U.S. Southern Command.

Commanders-in-chief
Jul 1917 - Aug 1917        Edward H. Plummer                  (b. 1855 - d. 1927)
Aug 1917                   Adelbert Cronkhite                 (b. 1861 - d. 1937)
Aug 1917 - Oct 1917        G.F. Landers
Oct 1917 - Feb 1918        W.W. Graves
Feb 1918 - Apr 1919        Richard M. Blatchford              (b. 1859 - d. 1934)
Apr 1919 - May 1921        Charles W. Kennedy
May 1921 - Oct 1921        B.B. Babbitt
Oct 1921 - Sep 1924        Samuel D. Sturgis                  (b. 1861 - d. 1933)
Sep 1924 - Jan 1926        William Lassiter                   (b. 1867 - d. 1959)
Jan 1926 - Oct 1927        Charles H. Martin                  (b. 1863 - d. 1946)
Oct 1927 - Mar 1928        William S. Graves                  (b. 1865 - d. 1940)
Apr 1928 - Aug 1930        Malin Craig                        (b. 1875 - d. 1945)
Aug 1930 - Nov 1930        L.R. Erwin
Nov 1930 - Sep 1933        Preston Brown                      (b. 1872 - d. 1948)
Sep 1933 - Nov 1935        Harold B. Fiske                    (b. 1871 - d. 1960)
Nov 1935 - Jul 1936        Lytle Brown                        (b. 1872 - d. 1951)
Jul 1936 - Feb 1937        Henry W. Butner                    (b. 1875 - d. 1937)
Feb 1937 - Apr 1937        Frank W. Rowell
Apr 1937 - Jan 1940        David L. Stone                     (b. 1876 - d. 1959)
Jan 1940 - Sep 1941        Daniel Van Voorhis                 (b. 1878 - d. 1956)
 9 Sep 1941 -  8 Nov 1942  Frank M. Andrews                   (b. 1884 - d. 1943)
Nov 1942 - Oct 1945        George Howard Brett                (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
Oct 1945 - 28 Jun 1948     Willis D. Crittenberger            (b. 1890 - d. 1980)
28 Jun 1948 -  1 Oct 1949  Matthew B. Ridgway                 (b. 1895 - d. 1993)
 1 Oct 1949 -  1 Apr 1952  William Morris, Jr.                (b. 1890 - d. 1971)
 1 Apr 1952 - 15 Jun 1954  Horace L. McBride                  (b. 1894 - d. 1962)
15 Jun 1954 -  5 Jan 1957  William K. Harrison                (b. 1895 - d. 1987)
 5 Jan 1957 - 20 Feb 1958  Robert M. Montague                 (b. 1899 - d. 1958)
20 Feb 1958 -  1 Apr 1958  Truman H. Landon                   (b. 1905 - d. 1986)
 1 Apr 1958 - 15 Jul 1960  Ridgely Gaither                    (b. 1903 - d. 1992)
15 Jul 1960 -  1 Feb 1961  Robert F. Sink                     (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
 1 Feb 1961 - 22 Feb 1965  Andrew P. O'Meara                  (b. 1907 - d. 2005)
22 Feb 1965 - 18 Feb 1969  Robert W. Porter, Jr.              (b. 1908 - d. 2000)
18 Feb 1969 - 20 Sep 1971  George R. Mather                   (b. 1911 - d. 1993)
20 Sep 1971 - 17 Jan 1973  George V. Underwood, Jr.           (b. 1913 - d. 1984)
17 Jan 1973 -  1 Aug 1975  William B. Rosson                  (b. 1918 - d. 2004)
 1 Aug 1975 -  1 Oct 1979  Dennis P. McAuliffe                (b. 1922 - d. 2012)
 1 Oct 1979 - 24 May 1983  Wallace H. Nutting                 (b. 1928)
24 May 1983 -  1 Mar 1985  Paul F. Gorman                     (b. 1927)
 1 Mar 1985 -  6 Jun 1987  John Galvin                        (b. 1929)
 6 Jun 1987 -  1 Oct 1989  Fred F. Woerner                    (b. 1933)
 1 Oct 1989 - 21 Nov 1990  Maxwell R. Thurman                 (b. 1931 - d. 1995)
21 Nov 1990 - 17 Feb 1994  George A. Joulwan                  (b. 1939)
17 Feb 1994 - Mar 1996     Barry McCaffrey                    (b. 1942)
Mar 1996 - 26 Jun 1996     James B. Perkins III (acting)      (b. 1942)
26 Jun 1996 - Jul 1997     Wesley K. Clark                    (b. 1944)
Jul 1997 - Sep 1997        Walter F. Doran (acting)           (b. 1945)
Sep 1997 -  8 Sep 2000     Charles E. Wilhelm                 (b. 1941)
 8 Sep 2000 -  1 Oct 2001  Peter Pace                         (b. 1945)
 1 Oct 2001 - 18 Aug 2002  Gary D. Speer (acting)             (b. 1950)
18 Aug 2002 - 24 Oct 2002  James T. Hill                      (b. 1946)
Commanders, U.S. Southern Command
24 Oct 2002 -  9 Nov 2004  James T. Hill                      (s.a.)
 9 Nov 2004 - 19 Oct 2006  Bantz J. Craddock                  (b. 1949)
19 Oct 2006 - 25 Jun 2009  James G. Stavridis                 (b. 1955)
25 Jun 2009 - 19 Nov 2012  Douglas M. Fraser                  (b. 1953)
19 Nov 2012 -              John F. Kelly                      (b. 1950)


Joint Forces Command (JFCOM)

[
                      U.S. Atlantic Command (USACOM) to 1999]                    c.1993 - 1999 [U.S.
                      Joint Forces Command (JFCOM) 1999-2011]                      1999 - 2011

 1 Dec 1947                Atlantic Command (LANTCOM).
 1 Oct 1993                
U.S. Atlantic Command (USACOM).
 1 Oct 1999                U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCOM).
31 Aug 2011                Formal disestablishment, essential functions are reassigned
                             to other unified combatant commands.

Commanders-in-chief 
 3 Feb 1947 -  1 Feb 1950  William H.P. Blandy                (b. 1890 - d. 1954)
 1 Feb 1950 - 15 Aug 1951  William M. Fechteler               (b. 1896 - d. 1967)
15 Aug 1951 - 12 Apr 1954  Lynde D. McCormick                 (b. 1895 - d. 1956)
12 Apr 1954 - 28 Feb 1960  Jerauld Wright                     (b. 1898 - d. 1995)
28 Feb 1960 - 30 Apr 1963  Robert L. Dennison                 (b. 1901 - d. 1980)
30 Apr 1963 - 30 Apr 1965  Harold Page Smith                  (b. 1904 - d. 1993)
30 Apr 1965 - 17 Jun 1967  Thomas H. Moorer                   (b. 1912 - d. 2004)
17 Jun 1967 - 30 Sep 1970  Ephraim P. Holmes                  (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
30 Sep 1970 - 31 Oct 1972  Charles K. Duncan                  (b. 1911 - d. 1994)
31 Oct 1972 - 30 May 1975  Ralph W. Cousins                   (b. 1915 - d. 2009)
30 May 1975 - 30 Sep 1978  Isaac C. Kidd, Jr.                 (b. 1919 - d. 1999)
30 Sep 1978 - 30 Sep 1982  Harry D. Train II                  (b. 1927)
30 Sep 1982 - 27 Nov 1985  Wesley L. McDonald                 (b. 1924 - d. 2009)
27 Nov 1985 - 22 Nov 1988  Lee Baggett Jr.                    (b. 1927 - d. 1999)
22 Nov 1988 – 18 May
1990  Frank B. Kelso II                  (b. 1933 - d. 2013)
18 May 1990 – 13 Jul 1992  Leon A. Edney                      (b. 1935)
13 Jul 1992 - 31 Oct 1994  Paul David Miller                  (b. c.1942)
31 Oct 1994 – 24 Sep 1997  John J. Sheehan                    (b. 1940)
24 Sep 1997 –  5 Sep 2000  Harold W. Gehman, Jr.              (b. 1942)
 5 Sep 2000 -  2 Oct 2002  William "Buck" F. Kernan           (b. 1946)
 2 Oct 2002 - 24 Oct 2002  Edmund P. Giambastiani             (b. 1948)
Commanders, U.S. Joint Forces Command
24 Oct 2002 -  1 Aug 2005  Edmund P. Giambastiani             (s.a.)
10 Nov 2005 -  9 Nov 2007  Lance L. Smith                     (b. 1946)
 9 Nov 2007 -  8 Sep 2009  James N. Mattis                    (b. 1950)
 8 Sep 2009 - 29 Oct 2010  Keith M. Huber (acting)
29 Oct 2010 - 31 Aug 2011  Raymond T. Odierno                 (b. 1954)

Space Command (USSPACECOM)

[United States Space
                  Command (USSPACECOM) 1985-2002]

23 Sep 1985                United States Space Command (USSPACECOM).
 1 Oct 2002               
Merged into the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM).     

Commanders-in-chief 
Sep 1985 - Feb 1987        Robert T. Herres                   (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
Feb 1987 - 1990            John L. Piotrowski                 (b. 1934)
 1 Apr 1990 - Jun 1992     Donald J. Kutyna                   (b. 1933)
Jun 1992 - Sep 1994        Charles A. "Chuck" Horner          (b. 1936)
Sep 1994 - Aug 1996        Joseph W. Ashy                     (b. 1940)
Aug 1996 - 14 Aug 1998     Howell M. Estes III                (b. 1941)
14 Aug 1998 - 22 Feb 2000  Richard B. Myers                   (b. 1942)
22 Feb 2000 -  1 Oct 2002  Ralph E. "Ed" Eberhart             (b. 1946)


National Security Agency

[National Security
                  Agency (NSA)]

NSA website

15 Jul 1949                Armed Forces Security Agency (AFSA).
 4 Nov 1952                National Security Agency (NSA).

Directors of the Armed Forces Security Agency
15 Jul 1949 - 15 Jul 1951  Earl E. Stone                      (b. 1895 - d. 1989)
15 Jul 1951 -  4 Nov 1952  Ralph J. Canine                    (b. 1895 - d. 1969)
Directors of the National Security Agency
 
4 Nov 1952 - 23 Nov 1956  Ralph J. Canine                    (s.a.)
24 Nov 1956 - 23 Nov 1960  John A. Samford                    (b. 1905 - d. 1968)

24 Nov 1960 - 30 Jun 1962  Laurence H. Frost                  (b. 1902 - d. 1977)
 1 Jul 1962 - 31 May 1965  Gordon A. Blake                    (b. 1910 - d. 1997)
 1 Jun 1965 - 31 Jul 1969  Marshall S. Carter                 (b. 1909 - d. 1993)
 1 Aug 1969 - 31 Jul 1972  Noel Gayler                        (b. 1914 - d. 2011)
 1 Aug 1972 - 14 Aug 1973  Samuel C. Phillips                 (b. 1921 - d. 1990)
15 Aug 1973 -  4 Jul 1977  Lew Allen, Jr.                     (b. 1925 - d. 2010)
 5 Jul 1977 - 31 Mar 1981  Bobby Ray Inman                    (b. 1931)
 1 Apr 1981 - 27 Mar 1985  Lincoln D. Faurer                  (b. 1928)
27 Mar 1985 -  5 May 1985  Robert E. Rich (acting)            (b. 1926)
 5 May 1985 - 31 Jul 1988  William E. Odom                    (b. 1932 - d. 2008)
 1 Aug 1988 -  8 Apr 1992  William O. Studeman                (b. 1940)
 8 Apr 1992 - 22 May 1992  Robert L. Prestel (acting)         (b. 1936)
22 May 1992 - 22 Feb 1996  J. Michael McConnell               (b. 1943)
23 Feb 1996 - 15 Mar 1999  Kenneth A. Minihan                 (b. 1943)
25 Mar 1999 - May 2005     Michael V. Hayden                  (b. 1945)
May 2005 - 31 Jul 2005     William B. Black, Jr. (acting)     (b. 1936)
 1 Aug 2005 - 28 Mar 2014  Keith B. Alexander                 (b. 1951)
 2 Apr 2014 -              Michael S. Rogers                  (b. 1959?)



Post Office Department
 
[Postmaster
                          General's former flag]
              1903 - 1 Jul 1971
[U.S. Postal
                          Service flag]
                   Adopted 1990's

United States Postal Service (USPS)

26 Jul 1775                Office of Postmaster General created by Congress.
 9 Mar 1829                Postmaster General becomes a cabinet member.
 8 Jun 1872                Post Office Department formally established as an 
                             executive department.
 1 Jul 1971                U.S. Postal Service (USPS); ceases to be a cabinet post.

Postmaster Generals
26 Jul 1775 -  7 Nov 1776  Benjamin Franklin                  (b. 1706 - d. 1790)
 7 Nov 1776 - 28 Jan 1782  Richard Bache                      (b. 1737 - d. 1811)
28 Jan 1782 - 26 Sep 1789  Ebenezer Hazard                    (b. 1744 - d. 1817)
26 Sep 1789 - 19 Aug 1791  Samuel Osgood                      (b. 1747 - d. 1813)
19 Aug 1791 - 25 Feb 1795  Timothy Pickering                  (b. 1745 - d. 1829)
25 Feb 1795 - 28 Nov 1801  Joseph Habersham                   (b. 1751 - d. 1815)
28 Nov 1801 - 11 Apr 1814  Gideon Granger                     (b. 1767 - d. 1822)
11 Apr 1814 -  1 Jul 1823  Return Jonathan Meigs, Jr.         (b. 1764 - d. 1824)
 
1 Jul 1823 -  6 Apr 1829  John McLean                        (b. 1785 - d. 1861)
 
6 Apr 1829 -  1 May 1835  William Taylor Barry               (b. 1785 - d. 1835)
 1 May 1835 - 25 May 1840  Amos Kendall                       (b. 1789 - d. 1869)
26 May 1840 -  3 Mar 1841  John Milton Niles                  (b. 1787 - d. 1856)
 4 Mar 1841 -  8 Mar 1841  Selah R. Hobbie (1st time)(acting) (b. 1797 - d. 1854)
 
8 Mar 1841 - 13 Oct 1841  Francis Granger                    (b. 1792 - d. 1868)
13 Oct 1841 -  6 Mar 1845  Charles Anderson Wickliffe         (b. 1788 - d. 1869)
 6 Mar 1845 -  5 Mar 1849  Cave Johnson                       (b. 1793 - d. 1866)
 6 Mar 1849 -  8 Mar 1849  Selah R. Hobbie (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1849 - 23 Jul 1850  Jacob Collamer                     (b. 1791 - d. 1865)
23 Jul 1850 - 14 Sep 1852  Nathan Kelsey Hall                 (b. 1810 - d. 1874)
14 Sep 1852 -  7 Mar 1853  Samuel Dickinson Hubbard           (b. 1799 - d. 1855)
 7 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  James Campbell                     (b. 1812 - d. 1893)
 6 Mar 1857 -  8 Mar 1859  Aaron Venable Brown                (b. 1795 - d. 1859)
 9 Mar 1859 - 14 Mar 1859  Horatio King (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1811 - d. 1897)
14 Mar 1859 - 31 Dec 1860  Joseph Holt                        (b. 1807 - d. 1894)
 1 Jan 1861 -  9 Mar 1861  Horatio King (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 
9 Mar 1861 -  1 Oct 1864  Montgomery Blair                   (b. 1813 - d. 1883)
 
1 Oct 1864 - 17 Jul 1866  William Dennison, Jr.              (b. 1815 - d. 1882)
17 Jul 1866 -  4 Mar 1869  Alexander Williams Randall         (b. 1819 - d. 1872)
                             (acting to 25 Jul 1866)
 4 Mar 1869 -  5 Mar 1869  St. John B.L. Skinner (acting)     (b. 1797 - d. 1872)
 5 Mar 1869 -  7 Jul 1874  John Angel James Creswell          (b. 1828 - d. 1891)
 
7 Jul 1874 -  1 Sep 1874  James W. Marshall                  (b. 1822 - d. 1910)
 
1 Sep 1874 - 12 Jul 1876  Marshall Jewell                    (b. 1825 - d. 1883)
12 Jul 1876 - 12 Mar 1877  James M. Tyner                     (b. 1826 - d. 1904)
12 Mar 1877 - 24 Aug 1880  David McKendree Key                (b. 1814 - d. 1882)
25 Aug 1880 -  8 Mar 1881  Horace Maynard                     (b. 1814 - d. 1882)
 
8 Mar 1881 -  5 Jan 1882  Thomas Lemuel James                (b. 1831 - d. 1916)
 
5 Jan 1882 - 26 Mar 1883  Timothy Otis Howe                  (b. 1816 - d. 1883)
26 Mar 1883 - 11 Apr 1883  Frank Hatton (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1846 - d. 1894) 
11 Apr 1883 - 25 Sep 1884  Walter Quintin Gresham             (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
25 Sep 1884 -  6 Mar 1885  Frank Hatton (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                             (acting to 14 Oct 1884)
 6 Mar 1885 - 16 Jan 1888  William Freeman Vilas              (b. 1840 - d. 1908)
16 Jan 1888 -  5 Mar 1889  Donald McDonald Dickinson          (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
 5 Mar 1889 -  6 Mar 1893  John Wanamaker                     (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
 6 Mar 1893 -  4 Apr 1895  Wilson Shannon Bissell             (b. 1847 - d. 1903)
 
4 Apr 1895 -  5 Mar 1897  William Lyne Wilson                (b. 1843 - d. 1900)
 5 Mar 1897 - 21 Apr 1898  James Albert Gary                  (b. 1833 - d. 1920)
21 Apr 1898 -  9 Jan 1902  Charles Emory Smith                (b. 1842 - d. 1902)
 9 Jan 1902 - 10 Oct 1904  Henry Clay Payne                   (b. 1843 - d. 1904)
10 Oct 1904 -  6 Mar 1905  Robert John Wynne                  (b. 1851 - d. 1905)
 6 Mar 1905 -  4 Mar 1907  George Bruce Cortelyou             (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
 4 Mar 1907 -  5 Mar 1909  George von Lengerke Meyer          (b. 1858 - d. 1918)
 5 Mar 1909 -  5 Mar 1913  Frank Harris Hitchcock             (b. 1868 - d. 1935)
 5 Mar 1913 -  5 Mar 1921  Albert Sidney Burleson             (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
 5 Mar 1921 -  4 Mar 1922  Will Harrison Hays                 (b. 1879 - d. 1954)
 4 Mar 1922 -  5 Mar 1923  Hubert Work                        (b. 1860 - d. 1942)
 
5 Mar 1923 -  6 Mar 1929  Harry S. New                       (b. 1858 - d. 1937)
 
6 Mar 1929 -  3 Mar 1933  Walter F. Brown                    (b. 1869 - d. 1961)
 4 Mar 1933 - 10 Sep 1940  James Aloysius Farley              (b. 1888 - d. 1976)
10 Sep 1940 -  1 Jul 1945  Frank Comerford Walker             (b. 1886 - d. 1959)
 
1 Jul 1945 - 16 Dec 1947  Robert Emmet Hennegan              (b. 1903 - d. 1949)
16 Dec 1947 - 20 Jan 1953  Jesse Monroe Donaldson             (b. 1885 - d. 1970)
21 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961  Arthur Ellsworth Summerfield       (b. 1899 - d. 1972)
21 Jan 1961 - 30 Sep 1963  J. Edward Day                      (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
30 Sep 1963 -  3 Nov 1965  John Austin Gronouski              (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
 3 Nov 1965 - 26 Apr 1968  Lawrence Francis O'Brien           (b. 1917 - d. 1990)
26 Apr 1968 - 20 Jan 1969  W. Marvin Watson                   (b. 1924)   
21 Jan 1969 -  1 Jan 1972  Winton M. Blount                   (b. 1921 - d. 2002)
 1 Jan 1972 - 16 Feb 1975  E.T. Klassen                       (b. 1908 - d. 1990)
16 Feb 1975 - 15 Mar 1978  Benjamin F. Bailar                 (b. 1934)
15 Mar 1978 -  1 Jan 1985  William F. Bolger                  (b. 1923 - d. 1989)
 1 Jan 1985 -  7 Jan 1986  Paul N. Carlin                     (b. 1931)
 7 Jan 1986 - 16 Aug 1986  Albert V. Casey                    (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
16 Aug 1986 -  1 Mar 1988  Preston Robert Tisch               (b. 1926 - d. 2005)
 1 Mar 1988 -  6 Jul 1992  Anthony M. Frank                   (b. 1931)
 6 Jul 1992 - 16 May 1998  Marvin T. Runyon                   (b. 1924 - d. 2004)
16 May 1998 -  1 Jun 2001  William J. Henderson               (b. 1947)
 1 Jun 2001 -  3 Dec 2010  John E. Potter                     (b. 1956)
 3 Dec 2010 -              Patrick R. Donahoe                 (b. 1955)
                             (acting to 6 Dec 2010)



Department of the Treasury

[Flag of the Secretary of Department of the
                      Treasury, 1887-1915]                     1887 - 1915 [Flag
                      of the Secretary of Department of the Treasury,
                      1915-1963]                 1915 - 11 Jan 1963 [Flag
                      of the Department of the Treasury]                       Adopted 11 Jan 1963

Department of Treasury

 
 7 Feb 1781                Office of the Superintendent of Finance

Nov 1784                   Board of Treasury
 2 Sep 1789                Department of the Treasury

Superintendent of Finance
13 Mar 1781 -  1 Nov 1784  Robert Morris, Jr.                 (b. 1734 - d. 1806)
Commissioners of the Board of Treasury
1785 - 11 Sep 1789         Samuel Osgood                      (b. 1747 - d. 1813)
                           + Walter Livingston                (b. 1740 - d. 1797)
                           + Arthur Lee                       (b. 1740 - d. 1792)
Secretaries

11 Sep 1789 -  2 Feb 1795  Alexander Hamilton                 (b. 1757 - d. 1804)
 
2 Feb 1795 -  1 Jan 1801  Oliver Wolcott, Jr.                (b. 1760 - d. 1833)
 1 Jan 1801 -  6 May 1801  Samuel Dexter                      (b. 1761 - d. 1816)
14 May 1801 -  9 Feb 1814  Albert Gallatin                    (b. 1761 - d. 1849)
21 Apr 1813 -  9 Feb 1814  William Jones                      (b. 1760 - d. 1831)
                             (acting for absent Gallatin)
 9 Feb 1814 - 14 Oct 1814  George W. Campbell                 (b. 1769 - d. 1848)
14 Oct 1814 - 22 Oct 1816  Alexander J. Dallas                (b. 1759 - d. 1817)
22 Oct 1816 -  3 Mar 1825  William H. Crawford                (b. 1772 - d. 1834)
 7 Mar 1825 -  1 Aug 1825  Samuel L. Southard (acting)        (b. 1787 - d. 1842)
 1 Aug 1825 -  4 Mar 1829  Richard Rush                       (b. 1780 - d. 1859)
 6 Mar 1829 - 21 Jun 1831  Samuel D. Ingham                   (b. 1779 - d. 1860)
21 Jun 1831 -  8 Aug 1831  Asbury Dickens (acting)            (b. 1780 - d. 1861)
 8 Aug 1831 -  1 Jun 1833  Louis McLane                       (b. 1786 - d. 1857)
 
1 Jun 1833 - 23 Sep 1833  William J. Duane                   (b. 1780 - d. 1865)
23 Sep 1833 - 25 Jun 1834  Roger B. Taney                     (b. 1777 - d. 1864)
25 Jun 1834 -  1 Jul 1834  McClintock Young (1st time)(acting)(b. 1810 - d. 1863)
 1 Jul 1834 -  3 Mar 1841  Levi Woodbury                      (b. 1789 - d. 1851)
 4 Mar 1841 -  5 Mar 1841  McClintock Young (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
 5 Mar 1841 - 13 Sep 1841  Thomas Ewing                       (b. 1789 - d. 1871)
13 Sep 1841                McClintock Young (3rd time)(acting)(s.a.)
13 Sep 1841 -  1 Mar 1843  Walter Forward                     (b. 1786 - d. 1852)
 1 Mar 1843 -  8 Mar 1843  McClintock Young (4th time)(acting)(s.a.)
 8 Mar 1843 -  2 May 1844  John C. Spencer                    (b. 1788 - d. 1855)
 2 May 1844 -  4 Jul 1844  McClintock Young (5th time)(acting)(s.a.)
 4 Jul 1844 -  8 Mar 1845  George M. Bibb                     (b. 1776 - d. 1859)
 8 Mar 1845 -  6 Mar 1849  Robert J. Walker                   (b. 1801 - d. 1869)
 6 Mar 1849 -  8 Mar 1849  McClintock Young (6th time)(acting)(s.a.)
 8 Mar 1849 - 23 Jul 1850  William M. Meredith                (b. 1799 - d. 1873)
23 Jul 1850 -  7 Mar 1853  Thomas Corwin                      (b. 1794 - d. 1865)
 7 Mar 1853 -  6 Mar 1857  James Guthrie                      (b. 1792 - d. 1869)
 
6 Mar 1857 - 10 Dec 1860  Howell Cobb                        (b. 1815 - d. 1868)
10 Dec 1860 - 12 Dec 1860  Isaac Toucey (acting)              (b. 1796 - d. 1869)
12 Dec 1860 - 15 Jan 1861  Philipp F. Thomas                  (b. 1810 - d. 1890)
15 Jan 1861 -  7 Mar 1861  John A. Dix                        (b. 1789 - d. 1879)
 7 Mar 1861 -  1 Jul 1864  Salmon P. Chase                    (b. 1808 - d. 1873)
 1 Jul 1861 -  5 Jul 1864  George Harrington (1st time)       (b. 1815 - d. 1892)
                             (acting)
 5 Jul 1864 -  3 Mar 1865  William P. Fessenden               (b. 1806 - d. 1869)
 4 Mar 1865 -  9 Mar 1865  George Harrington (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)        
 9 Mar 1865 -  5 Mar 1869  Hugh McCulloch (1st time)          (b. 1808 - d. 1895)
 5 Mar 1869 - 11 Mar 1869  John F. Hartley (acting)           (b. 1809 - d. 1897)
11 Mar 1869 - 16 Mar 1873  George S. Boutwell                 (b. 1818 - d. 1905)
17 Mar 1873 -  4 Jun 1874  William A. Richardson              (b. 1821 - d. 1896)
 4 Jun 1874 - 20 Jun 1876  Benjamin H. Bristow                (b. 1832 - d. 1890)
21 Jun 1876 - 30 Jun 1876  Charles F. Conant (acting)         (b. 1835 - d. 1886)
 7 Jul 1876 - 10 Mar 1877  Lot M. Morrill                     (b. 1813 - d. 1883)
10 Mar 1877 -  3 Mar 1881  John Sherman                       (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
 4 Mar 1881 -  8 Mar 1881  Henry F. French (1st time)(acting) (b. 1813 - d. 1885)
 8 Mar 1881 - 14 Nov 1881  William H. Windom (1st time)       (b. 1827 - d. 1891)
14 Nov 1881 -  4 Sep 1884  Charles J. Folger                  (b. 1818 - d. 1884)
 4 Sep 1884 -  8 Sep 1884  Charles E. Coon (1st time)(acting) (b. 1842 - d. 1920)
 8 Sep 1884 - 15 Sep 1884
 Henry F. French (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
15 Sep 1884 - 24 Sep 1884  Charles E. Coon (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
24 Sep 1884 - 29 Oct 1884  Walter Q. Gresham                  (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
29 Oct 1884 - 31 Oct 1884  Henry F. French (3rd time)(acting) (s.a.)
31 Oct 1884 -  8 Mar 1885  Hugh McCulloch (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1885 -  1 Apr 1887  Daniel Manning                     (b. 1831 - d. 1887)
 1 Apr 1887 -  6 Mar 1889  Charles S. Fairchild               (b. 1842 - d. 1924)
 7 Mar 1889 - 29 Jan 1891  William H. Windom (2nd time)       (s.a.)
30 Jan 1891 - 24 Feb 1891  Allured B. Nettleton (acting)      (b. 1840 - d. 1911)
24 Feb 1891 -  6 Mar 1893  Charles Foster                     (b. 1828 - d. 1904)
 
6 Mar 1893 -  5 Mar 1897  John G. Carlisle                   (b. 1835 - d. 1910)
 
5 Mar 1897 -  1 Feb 1902  Lyman J. Gage                      (b. 1836 - d. 1927)
 1 Feb 1902 -  4 Mar 1907  Leslie M. Shaw                     (b. 1848 - d. 1932)
 4 Mar 1907 -  8 Mar 1909  George B. Cortelyou                (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
 8 Mar 1909 -  6 Mar 1913  Franklin MacVeagh                  (b. 1837 - d. 1934)
 6 Mar 1913 - 16 Dec 1918  William G. McAdoo                  (b. 1863 - d. 1941)
16 Dec 1918 -  2 Feb 1920  Carter Glass                       (b. 1858 - d. 1946)
 2 Feb 1920 -  5 Mar 1921  David F. Houston                   (b. 1866 - d. 1940)
 
5 Mar 1921 - 13 Feb 1932  Andrew W. Mellon                   (b. 1855 - d. 1937)
13 Feb 1932 -  4 Mar 1933  Ogden L. Mills                     (b. 1884 - d. 1937)
 
4 Mar 1933 - 17 Nov 1933  William H. Woodin                  (b. 1868 - d. 1934)
17 Nov 1933 - 22 Jul 1945  Henry Morgenthau, Jr.              (b. 1891 - d. 1967)
                             (acting to 8 Jan 1934)
23 Jul 1945 - 23 Jun 1946  Fred M. Vinson                     (b. 1890 - d. 1953)
23 Jun 1946 - 25 Jun 1946  O. Max Gardner (acting)            (b. 1882 - d. 1947)
25 Jun 1946 - 20 Jan 1953  John W. Snyder                     (b. 1895 - d. 1985)
21 Jan 1953 - 29 Jul 1957  George M. Humphrey                 (b. 1890 - d. 1970)
29 Jul 1957 - 20 Jan 1961  Robert B. Anderson                 (b. 1910 - d. 1989)
21 Jan 1961 -  1 Apr 1965  C. Douglas Dillon                  (b. 1909 - d. 2003)
 1 Apr 1965 - 21 Dec 1968  Henry H. Fowler                    (b. 1908 - d. 2000)
21 Dec 1968 - 20 Jan 1969  Joseph W. Barr                     (b. 1918 - d. 1996)
21 Jan 1969 - 11 Feb 1971  David M. Kennedy                   (b. 1905 - d. 1996)
11 Feb 1971 - 12 Jun 1972  John B. Connally                   (b. 1917 - d. 1993)
12 Jun 1972 -  7 May 1974  George P. Shultz                   (b. 1920)
 
7 May 1974 - 20 Jan 1977  William E. Simon                   (b. 1927 - d. 2000)
21 Jan 1977 -  6 Aug 1979  Michael Blumenthal                 (b. 1926)
 
6 Aug 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  G. William Miller                  (b. 1925 - d. 2006)
22 Jan 1981 -  2 Feb 1985  Donald Thomas Regan                (b. 1918 - d. 2003)
 3 Feb 1985 - 17 Aug 1988  James Addison Baker III            (b. 1930)
17 Aug 1988 - 15 Sep 1988  M. Peter McPherson (acting)        (b. 1940)
15 Sep 1988 - 17 Jan 1993  Nicholas F. Brady                  (b. 1930)
20 Jan 1993 - 23 Dec 1994  Lloyd M. Bentsen                   (b. 1921 - d. 2006)
23 Dec 1994 - 10 Jan 1995  Frank N. Newman (acting)           (b. 1942)
10 Jan 1995 -  2 Jul 1999  Robert E. Rubin                    (b. 1938)
 2 Jul 1999 - 20 Jan 2001  Lawrence H. Summers                (b. 1954)
20 Jan 2001 - 31 Dec 2002  Paul O'Neill                       (b. 1935)
 1 Jan 2003 -  3 Feb 2003  Kenneth W. Dam (acting)            (b. 1932)
 3 Feb 2003 - 29 Jun 2006  John Snow                          (b. 1939)
29 Jun 2006 - 10 Jul 2006  Robert M. Kimmitt (acting)         (b. 1947)
10 Jul 2006 - 20 Jan 2009  Henry "Hank" Merritt Paulson, Jr.  (b. 1946)
20 Jan 2009 - 26 Jan 2009  Stuart A. Levey (acting)           (b. 1963)
26 Jan 2009 - 
25 Jan 2013  Timothy "Tim" F. Geithner          (b. 1961)
26 Jan 2013 - 28 Feb 2013  Neal Wolin (acting)                (b. 1961)
28 Feb 2013 -              Jacob "Jack" Lew                   (b. 1955)

Treasurers of the United States
29 Jul 1775 - 11 Sep 1789  Michael Hillegas                   (b. 1729 - d. 1804)
                           + George Clymer (to 6 Aug 1776)    (b. 1739 - d. 1813)
11 Sep 1789 - 31 Oct 1801  Samuel Meredith                    (b. 1741 - d. 1817)
 1 Dec 1801 -  2 May 1828  Thomas T. Tucker                   (b. 1745 - d. 1828)
 4 Jun 1828 - 26 May 1829  William Clark                      (b. 1774 - d. 1851)
26 May 1829 - 20 Jul 1839  John Campbell                      (b. c.1789 - d. c.1866)
22 Jul 1839 - 23 Nov 1850  William Selden                     (b. 1791 - d. 1874)
27 Nov 1850 -  1 Apr 1853  John Sloane                        (b. 1779 - d. 1856)
 4 Apr 1853 - 22 Dec 1859  Samuel L. Casey                    (b. 1821 - d. 1902)
28 Feb 1860 - 16 Mar 1861  William C. Price                   (b. 1816 - d. 1901)
16 Mar 1861 - 30 Jun 1875  Francis E. Spinner                 (b. 1802 - d. 1890)
30 Jun 1875 -  1 Jul 1876  John C. New                        (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
 1 Jul 1876 - 30 Jun 1877  Albert U. Wyman (1st time)         (b. 1833 - d. 1915)
 1 Jul 1877 - 31 Mar 1883  James Gilfillan                    (b. 1836 - d. 1929)
 1 Apr 1883 - 30 Apr 1885  Albert U. Wyman (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 1 May 1885 - 23 May 1887  Conrad N. Jordan                   (b. 1830 - d. 1903)
24 May 1887 -  3 Mar 1889  James W. Hyatt                     (b. 1837 - d. 1893)
11 May 1889 - 13 Apr 1891  James N. Huston                    (b. 1849 - d. 1927)
25 Apr 1891 - 31 May 1893  Enos H. Nebecker                   (b. 1836 - d. 1913)
 1 Jun 1893 - 30 Jun 1897  Daniel N. Morgan                   (b. 1844 - d. 1931)
 1 Jul 1897 - 30 Jun 1905  Ellis H. Roberts                   (b. 1827 - d. 1918)
 1 Jul 1905 - 30 Oct 1909  Charles H. Treat                   (b. 1842 - d. 1910)
 1 Nov 1909 - 21 Nov 1912  Lee McClung                        (b. 1870 - d. 1914)
22 Nov 1912 - 31 Mar 1913  Carmi A. Thompson                  (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
 1 Apr 1913 -  5 Jan 1921  John Burke                         (b. 1859 - d. 1937)
 2 May 1921 -  1 May 1928  Frank White                        (b. 1856 - d. 1940)
31 May 1928 - 17 Jan 1929  Harold Theodore Tate
18 Jan 1929 - 31 May 1933  Walter Orr Woods                   (b. 1873 - d. 1951)
 1 Jun 1933 - 29 May 1949  William A. Julian                  (b. 1860 - d. 1949)
21 Jun 1949 - 27 Jan 1953  Georgia Neese Clark (f)            (b. 1900 - d. 1995)
28 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961  Ivy Baker Priest (f)               (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
31 Jan 1961 - 13 Apr 1962  Elizabeth Rudel Smith (f)          (b. 1911 - d. 1997)
 9 Jan 1963 - 20 Nov 1966  Kathryn O'Hay Granahan (f)         (b. 1894 - d. 1979) 
 8 May 1969 -  3 Jul 1971  Dorothy Andrews Elston (f)         (b. 1917 - d. 1971)
                             (from 17 Sep 1970, Dorothy Andrews Kabis) 
17 Dec 1971 - 14 Feb 1974  Romana Acosta Banuelos (f)         (b. 1925)
21 Jun 1974 - 19 Jan 1977  Francine Irving Neff (f)           (b. 1925 - d. 2010)
12 Sep 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Azie Taylor Morton (f)             (b. 1936 - d. 2003)
20 Mar 1981 -  5 Jul 1983  Angela M. "Bay" Buchanan (f)       (b. 1948)
26 Sep 1983 -  1 Jul 1989  Katherine Davalos Ortega (f)       (b. 1934)
11 Dec 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Catalina Vasquez Villalpando (f)   (b. 1940)
 1 Mar 1994 - 20 Jan 2001  Mary Ellen Withrow (f)             (b. 1930)
16 Aug 2001 - 30 Jun 2003  Rosario Marin (f)                  (b. 1958)
19 Jan 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Anna Escobedo Cabral (f)           (b. 1959)
20 Aug 2009 -
             Rosa "Rosie" Gumataotao Rios (f)   (b. 1966)


Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

[flag of Office of
                Comptroller of the Currency]

Comptroller of the Currency

25 Feb 1863                Office of the Comptroller of the Currency est.

Comptrollers of the Currency
 9 May 1863 -  8 Mar 1865  Hugh McCulloch
                    (b. 1808 - d. 1895)
21 Mar 1865 - 24 Jul 1866  Freeman Clarke                     (b. 1809 - d. 1887)
 1 Feb 1867 -  3 Apr 1872  Hiland R. Hulburd                  (b. 1829 - d. 1880)
25 Apr 1872 - 30 Apr 1884  John Jay Knox                      (b. 1828 - d. 1892)
12 May 1884 -  1 Mar 1886  Henry W. Cannon                    (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
20 Apr 1886 - 30 Apr 1889  William L. Trenholm                (b. 1836 - d. 1901)
 1 May 1889 - 30 Jun 1892  Edward S. Lacey                    (b. 1835 - d. 1916)
 2 Aug 1892 - 25 Apr 1893  A. Barton Hepburn                  (b. 1846 - d. 1922)
26 Apr 1893 - 31 Dec 1897  James H. Eckels                    (b. 1858 - d. 1907)
 1 Jan 1898 - 30 Sep 1901  Charles G. Dawes                   (b. 1865 - d. 1951)
 1 Oct 1901 - 28 Mar 1908  William Barret Ridgely             (b. 1858 - d. 1920)
27 Apr 1908 - 27 Apr 1913  Lawrence O. Murray                 (b. 1864 - d. 1926)
 2 Feb 1914 -  2 Mar 1921  John Skelton Williams              (b. 1865 - d. 1926)
17 Mar 1921 - 30 Mar 1923  
Daniel Richard Crissinger          (b. 1860 - d. 1942)
 1 May 1923 - 17 Dec 1924  Henry M. Dawes                     (b. 1877 - d. 1952)
20 Dec 1924 - 20 Nov 1928  Joseph W. McIntosh
21 Nov 1928 - 20 Sep 1932  John W. Pole
20 Sep 1932 - 11 May 1933  Francis G. Awalt (acting)          (b. 1895 - d. 1966)
11 May 1933 - 16 Apr 1938  James Francis Thaddeus
O'Connor    (b. 1886 - d. 1949)
17 Apr 1938 - 30 Sep 1938  Marshall R. Diggs (acting)
30 Sep 1938 - 24 Oct 1938  Cyril B. Upham (acting)
24 Oct 1938 - 15 Feb 1953  Preston Delano                     (b. 1886 - d. 1961)

15 Feb 1953 - 16 Apr 1953  Lewellyn A. Jennings (acting)
16 Apr 1953 - 15 Nov 1961  Ray M. Gidney                      (b. 1887 - d. 1978)
16 Nov 1961 - 15 Nov 1966  James J. Saxon                     (b. 1914 - d. 1980)

16 Nov 1966 - 23 Mar 1973  William B. Camp                    (b. 1913 - d. 1975)
23 Mar 1973 -  5 Jul 1973  Justin T. Watson (acting)
 5 Jul 1973 - 31 Jul 1976  James E. Smith                     (b. 1930)
31 Jul 1976 - 21 Jul 1977  Robert Bloom (acting)
21 Jul 1977 - 15 May 1981  John G. Heimann                    (b. 1929)
16 May 1981 - 15 Dec 1981  Charles E. Lord (acting)           (b. 1928 - d. 1993)
16 Dec 1981 -  4 May 1985  C. Todd Conover                    (b. 1939)
 4 May 1985 -  2 Dec 1985  H. Joe Selby (acting)
 2 Dec 1985 - 29 Feb 1992  Robert L. Clarke                   (b. 1942)
 1 Mar 1992 -  5 Apr 1993  Stephen Steinbrink (acting)
 5 Apr 1993 -  4 Apr 1998  Eugene A. Ludwig                   (b. 1946)

 4 Apr 1998 -  8 Dec 1998  
Julie L. Williams (f)(1st time)
                             (acting)

 8 Dec 1998 - 14 Oct 2004  John D. Hawke, Jr.                 (b. 1933)
14 Oct 2004 -  4 Aug 2005  Julie L. Williams (f)(2nd time)
                             (acting)
 4 Aug 2005 - 14 Aug 2010  John C. Dugan                      (b. 1955)
15 Aug 2010 -  9 Apr 2012  John G. Walsh (acting)
 9 Apr 2012 -              Thomas J. Curry                    (b. 1957)


Internal Revenue Service

Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

 8 May 1792 - 30 Jun 1802  Office of the Commissioner of Revenue
24 Jul 1813 - 31 Dec 1817  Office of the Commissioner of Revenue (restored).
 1 Jul 1862                Bureau of Internal Revenue
 9 Jul 1953                Renamed Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

Commissioners of the Revenue
 
8 May 1792 - 16 Jan 1798  Tench Coxe                         (b. 1755 - d. 1825)
28 Jan 1798 - 30 Jun 1802  William Miller, Jr.                (b. 17.. - d. 1807)
 6 Apr 1802 - 24 Jul 1813  Post abolished
31 Jul 1813 - 1817         Samuel Harrison Smith              (b. 1771 - d. 1845) 
31 Dec 1817 - 17 Jul 1862  Post abolished
Commissioners of Internal Revenue
17 Jul 1862 -  4 Mar 1863  George Sewall Boutwell             (b. 1818 - d. 1905)
 5 Mar 1863 - 30 Jun 1865  Joseph J. Lewis                    (b. 1801 - d. 1883)
                             (acting to 17 Mar 1863)
 1 Jul 1865 - 31 Oct 1865  William Orton                      (b. 1826 - d. 1878)
 1 Nov 1865 - 10 Mar 1869  Edward Aashton Rollins             (b. 1828 - d. 1885)
11 Mar 1869 - 31 Oct 1870  Columbus Delano                    (b. 1809 - d. 1896)
 1 Nov 1870 -  2 Jan 1871  John Watkinson Douglass (1st time) (b. 1827 - d. 1909)
                             (acting)
 3 Jan 1871 -  8 Aug 1871  Alfred Pleasonton                  (b. 1824 - d. 1897)
 9 Aug 1871 - 14 May 1875  John Watinkson Douglass (2nd time) (s.a.)
15 May 1875 -  1 Aug 1876  Daniel Darwin Pratt                (b. 1813 - d. 1877)
 2 Aug 1876 - 30 Apr 1883  Green Berry Raum                   (b. 1829 - d. 1909)
 1 May 1883 - 10 May 1883  Henry C. Rogers (1st time)(acting) (b. 1824 - d. ....)
11 May 1883 - 20 May 1883  John J. Knox (acting)              (b. 1828 - d. 1892)
21 May 1883 - 19 Mar 1885  Walter Evans                       (b. 1842 - d. 1923) 
20 Mar 1885 - 20 Mar 1889  Joseph S. Miller (1st time)        (b. 1842 - d. 1922)
21 Mar 1889 - 18 Apr 1893  John W. Mason                      (b. 1842 - d. 1917)
19 Apr 1893 - 26 Nov 1896  Joseph S. Miller (2nd time)        (s.a.)
27 Nov 1896 - 31 Dec 1897  Willaim St. John Forman            (b. 1847 - d. 1908)
 1 Jan 1898 - 28 Feb 1899  Nathan Bay Scott                   (b. 1842 - d. 1924)
 1 Mar 1899 - 27 Nov 1900  George West Wilson                 (b. 1859 - d. 1908)
28 Nov 1900 - 19 Dec 1900  Robert Williams, Jr. (acting)
20 Dec 1900 - 30 Apr 1907  John Watson Yerkes                 (b. 1854 - d. 1922)
 1 May 1907 -  4 Jun 1907  Henry C. Rogers (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
 5 Jun 1907 - 31 Aug 1909  John Gendron Capers                (b. 1866 - d. 1919)
 1 Sep 1909 - 27 Apr 1913  Royal E. Cabell                    (b. 1878 - d. 1950)
28 Apr 1913 - 25 Sep 1917  William H. Osborn                  (b. 1856 - d. 1921)
26 Sep 1917 - 31 Mar 1920  Daniel Calhoun Roper               (b. 1867 - d. 1943)
 1 Apr 1920 - 11 Apr 1921  William M. Williams                (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
12 Apr 1921 - 26 May 1921  Millard Farrar West (acting)       (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
27 May 1921 - 31 May 1929  David H. Blair                     (b. 1868 - d. 1945)
 1 Jun 1929 - 15 Aug 1930  Robert Hendry Lucas                (b. 1888 - d. 1947)
16 Aug 1930 - 19 Aug 1930  H.F. Mires (acting)
20 Aug 1930 - 15 May 1933  David Burnet                       (b. 1886 - d. 19..)
16 May 1933 -  5 Jun 1933  Pressly Reid Baldridge (acting)    (b. 1897 - d. 1956)
 6 Jun 1933 -  8 Oct 1943  Guy Tresilian Helvering            (b. 1878 - d. 1946)
 9 Oct 1943 - 22 Jan 1944  Robert Emmet Hannegan              (b. 1903 - d. 1949)
23 Jan 1944 - 29 Feb 1944  Harold Graves (acting)  
 1 Mar 1944 - 30 Jun 1947  Joseph Daly Nunan, Jr.             (b. 1897 - d. 1968)
 1 Jul 1947 - 31 Jul 1951  George J. Schoeneman               (b. 1889 - d. 1966)
 1 Aug 1951 - 18 Nov 1952  John B. Dunlap                     (b. 1903 - d. 1964)
19 Nov 1952 - 19 Jan 1953  John S. Graham (acting)            (b. 1905 - d. 1976)
20 Jan 1953 -  3 Feb 1953  Justin F. Winkle (acting)
 4 Feb 1953 - 31 Oct 1955  T. Coleman Andrews                 (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
 1 Nov 1955 -  4 Dec 1955  O. Gordon Delk (1st time) (acting) (b. 1911? - d. 1990)
 5 Dec 1955 - 30 Sep 1958  Russell C. Harrington              (b. 1890 - d. 1971)
 1 Oct 1958 -  4 Nov 1958  O. Gordon Delk (2nd time) (acting) (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1958 - 20 Jan 1961  Dana Latham                        (b. 1898 - d. 1974)
21 Jan 1961 -  6 Feb 1961  Charles I. Fox (acting)            (b. 1899 - d. 1996)
 7 Feb 1961 - 10 Jul 1964  Mortimer M. Caplin                 (b. 1916)
11 Jul 1964 - 24 Jan 1965  Bertrand M. Harding (acting)
25 Jan 1965 - 20 Jan 1969  Sheldon S. Cohen                   (b. 1931)
21 Jan 1969 - 31 Mar 1969  William H. Smith (acting)
 1 Apr 1969 - 22 Jun 1971  Randolph W. Thrower                (b. 1913 - d. 2014)
23 Jun 1971 -  5 Aug 1971  Harold T. Swartz (acting)
 6 Aug 1971 - 30 Apr 1973  Johnnie M. Walters                 (b. 1919 - d. 2014)
 1 May 1973 - 25 May 1973  Raymond F. Harless (acting)        (b. 1919 - d. 2001)
25 May 1973 - 26 Feb 1977  Donald C. Alexander                (b. 1921 - d. 2009)
27 Feb 1977 -  4 May 1977  William E. Williams (1st time)     (b. 1922 - d. 2009)
                             (acting)
 5 May 1977 - 31 Oct 1980  Jerome Kurtz                       (b. 1931)
 1 Nov 1980 - 13 Mar 1981  William E. Williams (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting)
14 Mar 1981 - 30 Apr 1986  Roscoe L. Egger, Jr.               (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
 1 May 1986 -  3 Aug 1986  James I. Owens (acting)
 4 Aug 1986 -  4 Mar 1989  Lawrence B. Gibbs                  (b. 1938)
 5 Mar 1989 -  4 Jul 1989  Michael J. Murphy (acting)
 5 Jul 1989 -  2 Feb 1992  Fred Goldberg, Jr.                 (b. 1947)
 3 Feb 1992 - 20 Jan 1993  Shirley D. Peterson (f)            (b. 1941)
21 Jan 1993 - 26 May 1993  Michael P. Dolan (1st time)
                             (acting)
27 May 1993 - 31 May 1997  Margaret Milner Richardson (f)     (b. 1943)
 1 Jun 1997 - 12 Nov 1997  Michael P. Dolan (2nd time)
                             (acting)
13 Nov 1997 -  6 Nov 2002  Charles O. Rossotti                (b. 1941)
 6 Nov 2002 -  1 May 2003  Robert E. Wenzel (acting)
 1 May 2003 -  4 May 2007  Mark W. Everson                    (b. 1954)
 4 May 2007 - 10 Sep 2007  Kevin M. Brown (acting)
10 Sep 2007 - 24 Mar 2008  Linda E. Stiff (f) (acting)        (b. 1952?)
24 Mar 2008 -  9 Nov 2012  Douglas H. Shulman                 (b. 1967)

10 Nov 2012 - 22 May 2013  Steven T. Miller (acting)          (b. c.1956)
22 May 2013 - 23 Dec 2013  Daniel I. Werfel (acting)          (b. 1971)
23 Dec 2013 -              John A. Koskinen                   (b. 1939)


U.S. Mint

U.S. Mint

 2 Apr 1792                Mint of the United States established.
 3 Mar 1835                Under the Department of the Treasury supervision.
12 Feb 1873
                Part of the Department of the Treasury (Bureau of the Mint).
 9 Jan 1984                Renamed U.S. Mint.


Directors

Apr 1792 - Jun 1795        David Rittenhouse                  (b. 1732 - d. 1796)
Jul 1795 - Oct 1795        Henry William de Saussure          (b. 1763 - d. 1839)
Oct 1795 - Jul 1805        Elias Boudinot                     (b. 1740 - d. 1821)
Jan 1806 - Jul 1824        Robert Patterson                   (b. 1743 - d. 1824)
Jul 1824 - Jul 1835        Samuel Moore                       (b. 1774 - d. 1861)
Jul 1835 - Jul 1851        Robert Maskell Patterson           (b. 1787 - d. 1854)
Jul 1851 - Apr 1853        George Nicholas Eckert             (b. 1802 - d. 1865) 
Apr 1853 - 30 May 1853     Thomas McKean Pettit               (b. 1797 - d. 1853)
Jun 1853 - Apr 1861        James Ross Snowden                 (b. 1809 - d. 1878)
May 1861 - Sep 1866        James Pollock (1st time)           (b. 1811 - d. 1890)
Oct 1866 - Apr 1867        William Millward                   (b. 1822 - d. 1871)
Apr 1867 - Apr 1869        Henry Richard Linderman (1st time) (b. 1825 - d. 1879)
May 1869 - Mar 1873        James Pollock (2nd time)           (s.a.) 
Apr 1873 - Dec 1878        Henry Richard Linderman (2nd time) (s.a.)
Feb 1879 - Jun 1885        Horatio Chapin Burchard            (b. 1825 - d. 1908)
Jul 1885 - Oct 1889        James P. Kimball                   (b. 1836 - d. 1913) 
Oct 1889 - May 1893        Edward Owen Leech                  (b. 1850 - d. 1900)
Nov 1893 - Feb 1898        Robert Edward Preston              (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
Feb 1898 - Jul 1907        George E. Roberts (1st time)       (b. 1857 - d. 1948)
Sep 1907 - Nov 1909        Frank Aleomon Leach                (b. 1846 - d. 1929) 
Nov 1909 - Jun 1910        A. Piatt Andrew                    (b. 1873 - d. 1936)
Jul 1910 - Nov 1914        George E. Roberts (2nd time)       (s.a.)
Mar 1915 - Jul 1916        Robert W. Woolley                  (b. 1871 - d. 1958) 
Sep 1916 - Feb 1917        Friedrich Johannes Hugo von        (b. 1881 - d. 1930)
                             Engelken
Mar 1917 - Mar 1922        Raymond T. Baker                   (b. 1877 - d. 1935)
Mar 1922 - Sep 1923        Frand Edeard Scobey                (b. 1866 - d. 1931)
Nov 1923 - May 1933        Robert J. Grant                    (b. 1862 - d. 1949)
May 1933 - Apr 1953        Nellie Davis Tayloe Ross (f)       (b. 1876 - d. 1977)
Jul 1954 - Jan 1961        William Howard Brett               (b. 1893 - d. 1989)
Oct 1961 - Aug 1969        Eva Adams (f)                      (b. 1908 - d. 1991)
Sep 1969 - Feb 1977        Mary Elizabeth Brooks (f)          (b. 1907 - d. 2002)
Nov 1977 - Apr 1981        Stella Hackel Sims (f)             (b. 1926)
Jul 1981 - Aug 1991        Donna Pope (f)                     (b. 1931)
Sep 1992 - Nov 1993        David J. Ryder                     (b. 1955)
Jun 1994 - Mar 2000        Philip N. Diehl                    (b. 1951)
31 May 2000 - Aug 2001     Jay W. Johnson                     (b. 1943 - d. 2009)
 7 Aug 2001 - Aug 2005     Henrietta Holsman Fore (f)         (b. 1948)
Aug 2005 -  5 Sep 2006     David A. Lebryk (acting)
 5 Sep 2006 -  9 Jan 2011  Edmund C. Moy                      (b. 1957)
10 Jan 2011 - 14 Jan 2011 
Andrew D. Brunhart (acting)
14 Jan 2011 - 25 Jan 2011 
Rosa Gumataotao Rios (f)(acting)   (b. 1966)
25 Jan 2011 -              Richard A. Peterson (acting)       (b. 1959?)



Department of Justice

[Flag of Department of
                Justice]
                    Adopted 1932?

Department of Justice (DOJ)

24 Sep 1789                Office of Attorney General
 1 Mar 1792                Attorney General becomes a cabinet member.
22 Jun 1870                Department of Justice created.

Attorneys General
 
2 Feb 1790 - 29 Jan 1794  Edmund Randolph                    (b. 1753 - d. 1813)
29 Jan 1794 – 10 Dec 1795  William Bradford                   (b. 1755 - d. 1795)
10 Dec 1795 –  5 Mar 1801  Charles Lee                        (b. 1758 - d. 1815)
 5 Mar 1801 -  2 Mar 1805  Levi Lincoln                       (b. 1749 - d. 1820)
 3 Mar 1805 -  7 Aug 1805  Robert Smith                       (b. 1757 - d. 1842)
 7 Aug 1805 - 14 Dec 1806  John Breckinridge                  (b. 1760 - d. 1806)
20 Jan 1807 -  5 Dec 1811  Caesar A. Rodney                   (b. 1772 - d. 1824)
 6 Jan 1812 - 10 Feb 1814  William Pinkney                    (b. 1764 - d. 1822)
11 Feb 1814 - 30 Oct 1817  Richard Rush                       (b. 1780 - d. 1859)
15 Nov 1817 -  4 Mar 1829  William Wirt                       (b. 1772 - d. 1834)
 9 Mar 1829 - 22 Jun 1831  John M. Berrien                    (b. 1781 - d. 1856)
20 Jul 1831 - 23 Sep 1833  Roger B. Taney                     (b. 1777 - d. 1864)
18 Nov 1833 - 31 Aug 1838  Benjamin F. Butler                 (b. 1795 - d. 1858)
 1 Sep 1838 - 11 Jan 1840  Felix Grundy                       (b. 1777 - d. 1840)
11 Jan 1840 -  4 Mar 1841  Henry D. Gilpin                    (b. 1801 - d. 1860)
 5 Mar 1841 - 20 Sep 1841  John J. Crittenden (1st time)      (b. 1786 - d. 1863)
20 Sep 1841 - 20 Jun 1843  Hugh S. Legaré                     (b. 1797 - d. 1843)
 1 Jul 1843 - 11 Mar 1845  John Nelson                        (b. 1794 - d. 1860)
11 Mar 1845 - 16 Oct 1846  John Y. Mason                      (b. 1799 - d. 1859)
17 Oct 1846 - 18 Mar 1848  Nathan Clifford                    (b. 1803 - d. 1881)
29 Jun 1848 -  8 Mar 1849  Isaac Toucey                       (b. 1792 - d. 1869)
 8 Mar 1849 - 22 Jul 1850  Reverdy Johnson                    (b. 1796 - d. 1876)
14 Aug 1850 -  7 Mar 1853  John J. Crittenden (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 7 Mar 1853 - 11 Mar 1857  Caleb Cushing                      (b. 1800 - d. 1879)
11 Mar 1857 - 22 Dec 1860  Jeremiah Sullivan Black            (b. 1810 - d. 1883)
22 Dec 1860 -  5 Mar 1861  Edwin McMasters Stanton            (b. 1814 - d. 1869)
 5 Mar 1861 - 22 Jan 1863  Edward Bates                       (b. 1793 - d. 1869)
22 Jan 1863 -  5 Dec 1864  Titian James Coffey                (b. 1824 - d. 1867)
 5 Dec 1864 - 17 Jul 1866  James Speed                        (b. 1812 - d. 1887)
17 Jul 1866 - 23 Jul 1866  J. Hubley Ashton (1st time)(acting)(b. 1836 - d. 1907)
23 Jul 1866 - 13 Mar 1868  Henry Stanberry                    (b. 1803 - d. 1881)
13 Mar 1868 - 20 Jul 1868  Orville H. Browning (acting)       (b. 1806 - d. 1881)
20 Jul 1868 -  5 Mar 1869  William M. Evarts                  (b. 1818 - d. 1901)
 5 Mar 1869 - 11 Mar 1869  J. Hubley Ashton (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
11 Mar 1869 -  8 Jul 1870  Ebenezer R. Hoar                   (b. 1816 - d. 1895)
 8 Jul 1870 – 10 Jan 1872  Amos T. Akerman                    (b. 1821 - d. 1880)
10 Jan 1872 - 15 May 1875  George H. Williams                 (b. 1823 - d. 1910)
15 May 1875 -  1 Jun 1876  Edwards Pierrepont                 (b. 1817 - d. 1892)
 1 Jun 1876 - 12 Mar 1877  Alphonso Taft                      (b. 1810 - d. 1891)
12 Mar 1877 -  7 Mar 1881  Charles Devens                     (b. 1820 - d. 1891)
 7 Mar 1881 - 14 Nov 1881  Wayne MacVeagh                     (b. 1833 - d. 1917)
14 Nov 1881 –  3 Jan 1882  Samuel F. Phillips (acting)        (b. 1824 - d. 1903)   
 3 Jan 1882 -  9 Mar 1885  Benjamin H. Brewster               (b. 1816 - d. 1888)
 9 Mar 1885 -  5 Mar 1889  Augustus H. Garland                (b. 1832 - d. 1899)
 5 Mar 1889 -  6 Mar 1893  William H.H. Miller                (b. 1840 - d. 1917)
 6 Mar 1893 - 11 Jun 1895  Richard Olney                      (b. 1835 - d. 1917)
11 Jun 1895 -  7 Mar 1897  Judson Harmon                      (b. 1846 - d. 1927)
 7 Mar 1897 - 26 Jan 1898  Joseph McKenna                     (b. 1843 - d. 1926)
26 Jan 1898 –  1 Feb 1898  John K. Richards (1st time)(acting)(b. 1856 - d. 1909)
 1 Feb 1898 –  1 Apr 1901  John W. Griggs                     (b. 1849 - d. 1927)
 1 Apr 1901 - 10 Apr 1901  John K. Richards (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.) 
10 Apr 1901 –  1 Jul 1904  Philander Chase Knox               (b. 1853 - d. 1921)
 1 Jul 1904 - 17 Dec 1906  William H. Moody                   (b. 1853 - d. 1917)
17 Dec 1906 -  5 Mar 1909  Charles J. Bonaparte               (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
 5 Mar 1909 -  6 Mar 1913  George W. Wickersham               (b. 1858 - d. 1936)
 6 Mar 1913 -  3 Sep 1914  James C. McReynolds                (b. 1862 - d. 1946)

 3 Sep 1914 -  5 Mar 1919  Thomas W. Gregory                  (b. 1861 - d. 1933)
 5 Mar 1919 -  5 Mar 1921  A. Mitchell Palmer                 (b. 1872 - d. 1936)
 
5 Mar 1921 -  9 Apr 1924  Harry M. Daugherty                 (b. 1860 - d. 1941)
 
9 Apr 1924 -  4 Mar 1925  Harlan Fiske Stone                 (b. 1872 - d. 1946)
 
4 Mar 1925 - 17 Mar 1925  James Montgomery Beck (acting)     (b. 1861 - d. 1936)
18 Mar 1925 -  6 Mar 1929  John G. Sargent                    (b. 1860 - d. 1939)
 
6 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  William D. Mitchell                (b. 1874 - d. 1955)
 4 Mar 1933 -  2 Jan 1939  Homer S. Cummings                  (b. 1870 - d. 1956)
 2 Jan 1939 - 18 Jan 1940  Francis W. Murphy                  (b. 1890 - d. 1949)
                            
(acting to 17 Jan 1939)
18 Jan 1940 -  5 Sep 1941  Robert H. Jackson                  (b. 1892 - d. 1954)
 
5 Sep 1941 -  1 Jul 1945  Francis Biddle                     (b. 1886 - d. 1968)
 
1 Jul 1945 - 14 Aug 1949  Thomas C. Clark                    (b. 1899 - d. 1977)
14 Aug 1949 - 27 May 1952  James Howard McGrath               (b. 1903 - d. 1966)
27 May 1952 - 20 Jan 1953  James P. McGranery                 (b. 1895 - d. 1962)
21 Jan 1953 -  8 Nov 1957  Herbert Brownell, Jr.              (b. 1904 - d. 1996)
 
8 Nov 1957 - 20 Jan 1961  William P. Rogers                  (b. 1913 - d. 2001)
                            
(acting to 27 Jan 1958)
21 Jan 1961 -  4 Sep 1964  Robert F. Kennedy                  (b. 1925 - d. 1968)
 4 Sep 1964 - 30 Sep 1966  Nicholas de Belleville Katzenbach  (b. 1922 - d. 2012)
                             (acting to 11 Feb 1965)
30 Sep 1966 - 20 Jan 1969  Ramsey Clark                       (b. 1927)
                             (acting to 2 Mar 1967)
21 Jan 1969 -  1 Mar 1972  John N. Mitchell                   (b. 1913 - d. 1988)
 1 Mar 1972 - 24 May 1973  Richard G. Kleindienst             (b. 1923 - d. 2000)
                            
(acting to 12 Jun 1972)
24 May 1973 - 20 Oct 1973  Elliot Richardson                  (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
20 Oct 1973 -  4 Jan 1974  Robert H. Bork (acting)            (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
 
4 Jan 1974 -  6 Feb 1975  William B. Saxbe                   (b. 1916 - d. 2010)
 
6 Feb 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  Edward H. Levi                     (b. 1911 - d. 2000)
20 Jan 1977 - 26 Jan 1977  Richard L. Thornburgh (1st time)   (b. 1932)
                             (acting)

26 Jan 1977 - 16 Aug 1979  Griffin B. Bell                    (b. 1918 - d. 2009)
16 Aug 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  Benjamin R. Civiletti              (b. 1935) 
20 Jan 1981 - 23 Jan 1981  Charles B. Renfrew (acting)        (b. 1928)
23 Jan 1981 - 23 Feb 1985  William F. Smith                   (b. 1917 - d. 1990)
23 Feb 1985 - 12 Aug 1988  Edwin Meese III                    (b. 1931)
12 Aug 1988 - 15 Aug 1991  Richard L. Thornburgh (2nd time)   (s.a.)
15 Aug 1991 - 20 Jan 1993  William P. Barr                    (b. 1950)
                             (acting to 21 Nov 1991)
20 Jan 1993 - 12 Mar 1993  Stuart M. Gerson (acting)          (b. 1944)
12 Mar 1993 - 20 Jan 2001  Janet Reno (f)                     (b. 1938)
20 Jan 2001 -  1 Feb 2001  Eric H. Holder, Jr. (1st time)     (b. 1951)
                             (acting)                   
 
1 Feb 2001 -  3 Feb 2005  John David Ashcroft                (b. 1942)
 3 Feb 2005 - 17 Sep 2007  Alberto Gonzales                   (b. 1955)
17 Sep 2007 - 18 Sep 2007  
Paul D. Clement (acting)           (b. 1966)
18 Sep 2007 -  9 Nov 2007  Peter D. Keisler (acting)          (b. 1960)
 9 Nov 2007 - 20 Jan 2009  Michael B. Mukasey                 (b. 1941)
20 Jan 2009 -  3 Feb 2009  Mark Filip (acting)                (b. 1966)
 3 Feb 2009 -
             Eric H. Holder, Jr. (2nd time)     (s.a.)


Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

[Flag of Federal Bureau of
                Investigation (FBI)]

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 

26 Jul 1908                Special Agent Force of the Department of Justice
16 Mar 1909                Bureau of Investigation
 1 Jul 1932                U.S. Bureau of Investigation
10 Aug 1933                Division of Investigation
 1 Jul 1935                Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

Chiefs
26 Jul 1908 - 30 Apr 1912  Stanley Wellington Finch           (b. 1872 - d. 1951)
                             (Chief Examiner to 16 Mar 1909)
30 Apr 1912 - 10 Feb 1919  Alexander Bruce Bielaski           (b. 1883 - d. 1964)
10 Feb 1919 - 30 Jun 1919  William E. Allen (acting)          (b. 1861 - d. 19..)
Directors
 1 Jul 1919 - 21 Aug 1921  William James Flynn                (b. 1867 - d. 1928)
22 Aug 1921 - 10 May 1924  William John Burns                 (b. 1861 - d. 1932)
10 May 1924 -  2 May 1972  John Edgar Hoover                  (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
                             (acting to 10 Dec 1924)
 
2 May 1972 -  3 May 1973  Clyde A. Tolson (acting)           (b. 1900 - d. 1975)
 3 May 1972 - 27 Apr 1973  L. Patrick Gray III (acting)       (b. 1916 - d. 2005)

30 Apr 1973 -  9 Jul 1973  William Doyle Ruckelshaus (acting) (b. 1932)
 9 Jul 1973 - 15 Feb 1978  Clarence M. Kelley                 (b. 1911 - d. 1997)
15 Feb 1978 - 23 Feb 1978  James B. Adams (acting)            (b. 1926)
23 Feb 1978 - 25 May 1987  William H. Webster                 (b. 1924)
26 May 1987 -  2 Nov 1987  John E. Otto (acting)              (b. 1938)
 2 Nov 1987 - 19 Jul 1993  William S. Sessions                (b. 1930)
19 Jul 1993 -  1 Sep 1993  Floyd I. Clarke (acting)           (b. 1942)
 1 Sep 1993 - 25 Jun 2001  Louis J. Freeh                     (b. 1950)
25 Jun 2001 -  4 Sep 2001  Thomas J. Pickard (acting)         (b. 1950)
 4 Sep 2001 -  4 Sep 2013  Robert S. Mueller III              (b. 1944)
 4 Sep 2013 -              James B. Comey, Jr.                (b. 1960)


Solicitors General

[flag of the Solicitor
                General]

Office of the Solicitor General

22 Jun 1870                Office of the Solicitor General set up to supervise
                             and conduct government litigation in the United States 
                             Supreme Court.

Solicitors General
Oct 1870 - Nov 1872        Benjamin Helm Bristow              (b. 1832 - d. 1896)
Nov 1872 - May 1885        Samuel Field Phillips              (b. 1824 - d. 1903)
May 1885 - Aug 1886        John Goode (acting)                (b. 1829 - d. 1909)
Aug 1886 - May 1889        George Augustus Jenks              (b. 1836 - d. 1908)
May 1889 - Jan 1890        Orlow W. Chapman                   (b. 1832 - d. 1890)
Feb 1890 - Mar 1892        William Howard Taft                (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
Mar 1892 - May 1893        Charles Henry Aldrich              (b. 1850 - d. 1929)
May 1893 - Jan 1895        Lawrence Maxwell, Jr.              (b. 1853 - d. 1927)
Feb 1895 - Jul 1897        Holmes Conrad                      (b. 1840 - d. 1916)
Jul 1897 - Mar 1903        John Kelvey Richards               (b. 1856 - d. 1909)
Mar 1903 - Mar 1909        Henry Martyn Hoyt                  (b. 1856 - d. 1910) 
Apr 1909 -  9 Sep 1910     Lloyd Wheaton Bowers               (b. 1859 - d. 1910)
Dec 1910 - Jul 1912        Frederick Wheaton Lehmann          (b. 1853 - d. 1931)
Jul 1912 - Mar 1913        William Marshall Bullitt           (b. 1873 - d. 1957)
Aug 1913 - Nov 1918        John William Davis                 (b. 1873 - d. 1955)
Nov 1918 - May 1920        Alexander Campbell King            (b. 1856 - d. 1926)
Jun 1920 - Jun 1921        William Little Frierson            (b. 1869 - d. 1953)
Jun 1921 - Jun 1925        James Montgomery Beck              (b. 1861 - d. 1936)
Jun 1925 - Mar 1929        William De Witt Mitchell           (b. 1874 - d. 1955)
May 1929 - Apr 1930        Charles Evans Hughes, Jr.          (b. 1889 - d. 1950)
Apr 1930 - May 1933        Thomas Day Thacher                 (b. 1881 - d. 1950)
May 1933 - Mar 1935        James Crawford Biggs               (b. 1872 - d. 1960)
Mar 1935 - Jan 1938        Stanley Forman Reed                (b. 1884 - d. 1980)
Mar 1938 - Jan 1940        Robert Houghwout Jackson           (b. 1892 - d. 1954)
Jan 1940 - Sep 1941        Francis Beverley Biddle            (b. 1886 - d. 1968)
Nov 1941 - Sep 1945        Charles Fahy                       (b. 1892 - d. 1979)
Oct 1945 - Oct 1946        James Howard McGrath               (b. 1903 - d. 1966)
Jul 1947 - Aug 1952        Philip Benjamin Perlman            (b. 1890 - d. 1960)
Dec 1952 - Mar 1953        Walter Joseph Cummings, Jr.        (b. 1916 - d. 1999)
Feb 1954 - Jul 1956        Simon Ernest Sobeloff              (b. 1894 - d. 1973)
Aug 1956 - Jan 1961        James Lee Rankin                   (b. 1907 - d. 1996)
Jan 1961 - Jul 1965        Archibald Cox                      (b. 1912 - d. 2004)
Aug 1965 - Aug 1967        Thurgood Marshall                  (b. 1908 - d. 1993)
Oct 1967 - Jun 1973        Erwin Nathaniel Griswold           (b. 1904 - d. 1994)
Jun 1973 - Jan 1977        Robert H. Bork                     (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
Jan 1977 - Mar 1977        Daniel M. Friedman (acting)        (b. 1916 - d. 2011)
Mar 1977 - Aug 1981        Wade Hampton McCree, Jr.           (b. 1920 - d. 1987)
Aug 1981 - Jun 1985        Rex Lee                            (b. 1935 - d. 1996)
Jun 1985 - Jan 1989        Charles Fried (acting to Oct 1985) (b. 1935)
Jan 1989 - May 1989        William C. Bryson (1st time)       (b. 1945)
                             (acting)

May 1989 - Jan 1993        Kenneth W. "Ken" Starr             (b. 1946)
Jan 1993 - May 1993        William C. Bryson (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)

May 1993 - Jul 1996        Drew S. Days III                   (b. 1941)
Aug 1996 - Aug 1997        Walter E. Dellinger III (acting)   (b. 1941)
13 Nov 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Seth P. Waxman                     (b. 1951)
20 Jan 2001 - 11 Jun 2001  Barbara D. Underwood (f) (acting)  (b. 1944)
11 Jun 2001 - 12 Jul 2004  Theodore "Ted" B. Olson            (b. 1940)
12 Jul 2004 -  2 Jun 2008  Paul D. Clement                    (b. 1966)
                             (acting to 13 Jun 2005)
 2 Jun 2008 - 20 Jan 2009  Gregory G. Garre                   (b. 1964)
                             (acting to 6 Oct 2008)
20 Jan 2009 - 20 Mar 2009  Edwin S. Kneedler (acting)         (b. 1946)
20 Mar 2009 -  5 Aug 2010  Elena Kagan (f)                    (b. 1960)
10 May 2010 -  9 Jun 2011  Neal K. Katyal                     (b. 1970)
                             (acting [for Kagan to 5 Aug 2010])
 9 Jun 2011 -              Donald Verrilli                    (b. 1957)


Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

[Drug Enforcement
                Administration (DEA) flag]
             DEA Flag Adopted c.1973

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

28 Oct 1919                Office of Prohibition Commissioner (under Treasury Department).
 1 Apr 1927 - Dec 1933     Bureau of Prohibition (under Treasury Department).
14 Jun 1930                Bureau of Narcotics (under Treasury Department).
 8 Apr 1968                Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD)(under
                             Department of Justice).
28 Jan 1972                Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement (ODALE).
 1 Jul 1973                Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Commissioners
17 Nov 1919 - 1921         John F. Kramer                     (b. 1869 - d. 1956)
1921 - 1927                Roy Asa Haynes                     (b. 1881 - d. 1940)
1927 - 1930                James J.M. Doran                   (b. 1885? - d. 1942)
1930 - 1962                Harry Jacob Anslinger              (b. 1892 - d. 1975)
1930 - 1933                Amos W.W. Woodcock                 (b. 1883 - d. 1964)
                             (director of P
rohibition)
1962 - 1968                Henry L. Giordano                  (b. 1914 - d. 2003)
1968 - 1973                John E. Ingersoll                  (b. 1929?)
Director (of ODALE)
28 Jan 1972 - 1973         Myles J. Ambrose                   (b. 1926 - d. 2014)
Administrators
 4 Oct 1973 - 30 May 1975  John R. Bartels, Jr.               (b. 1934)
30 May 1975 - 23 Jan 1976  Henry S. Dogin (acting)            (b. 1934)
23 Jan 1976 - 10 Jul 1981  Peter B. Bensinger                 (b. 1936)
                             (acting to 23 Feb 1976)
10 Jul 1981 -  1 Mar 1985  Francis M. Mullen, Jr.             (b. 1934)
                             (acting to 10 Nov 1983)
 1 Mar 1985 - 23 Mar 1990  John C. Lawn                       (b. 1935)
                             (acting to 26 Jul 1985)
23 Mar 1990 - 13 Aug 1990  Terrence M. Burke (acting)
13 Aug 1990 - 31 Oct 1993  Robert C. Bonner                   (b. 1942)
15 Apr 1994 -  2 Jul 1999  Thomas A. Constantine              (b. 1938)
 2 Jul 1999 - 30 Jun 2001  Donnie R. Marshall                 (b. 1947)
                             (acting to 19 Jun 2000)
30 Jun 2001 -  8 Aug 2001  William Simpkins (acting)
 8 Aug 2001 - 29 Jan 2003  Asa Hutchinson                     (b. 1950)
29 Jan 2003 - 17 Sep 2003  John B. Brown III (acting)
17 Sep 2003 - 22 Oct 2007  Karen P. Tandy (f)                 (b. 1953)
10 Nov 2007 -              Michele M. Leonhart (f)            (b. 1956)
                             (acting to 22 Dec 2010)


Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF)

[former
                      Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF)
                      flag)                 ATF Flag  to 2003
[Bureau
                      of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF)
                      Flag]                     Adopted 2003

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives (ATF)

Dec 1933                   Alcohol Tax Unit (ATU) of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS),
                            
within the Treasury Department.
1952                       Renamed Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division (ATTD) of IRS.
19 Jun 1968                Renamed Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Division (ATFD) of IRS.
 1 Jul 1972                Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF),  
                             separated from IRS, but within the Treasury Department.
24 Jan 2003                Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
                             (ATF); within the Department of Justice.

Directors
1970 - 1979                Rex D. Davis                       (b. 1924 - d. 2008)
1979 - 1982                G.R. Dickerson
1982 - 1993                Stephen Higgins                    (b. 1938)
Oct 1993 - 20 Dec 1999     John W. Magaw                      (b. 1935)
20 Dec 1999 -  3 Jan 2004  Bradley A. Buckles                 (b. 1949)
                             (acting from 24 Jan 2003)
 4 Jan 2004 - 19 Apr 2004  Edgar A. Domenech (1st time)
                             (acting)
19 Apr 2004 -  8 Aug 2006  Carl J. Truscott                   (b. 1957)
                             (acting to 17 May 2004)
 8 Aug 2006 - 31 Aug 2006  Edgar A. Domenech (2nd time)
                             (acting)
31 Aug 2006 - 20 Jan 2009  Michael J. Sullivan (acting)       (b. 1954)
20 Jan 2009 - 12 Apr 2009  Ronnie A. Carter (acting)          (b. 1953?)
12 Apr 2009 - 30 Aug 2011  Kenneth E. Melson (acting)
31 Aug 2011 -              B. Todd Jones
                     (b. 1957)
                             (acting to 29 Aug 2013)


Federal Bureau of Prisons

[Federal Bureau of
                Prisons flag]

Federal Bureau of Prisons

 1 Oct 1907                Office of the Superintendent of Prisons and Prisoners 
                             established within Department of Justice.
25 Jun 1910                Office of the Superintendent of Prisons
14 May 1930                Federal Bureau of Prisons

Superintendent of Prisons and Prisoners
1907 - 1910                Robert V. LaDow                   (b. c.1858 - d. 19..)
Superintendents of Prisons
1910 - 1915                Robert V. LaDow                   (s.a.)
1915 - 1920                Francis Harvey Duehay             (b. 1863 - d. 1934)
Jan 1920 -  2 Apr 1921     Denver Sylvester Dickerson        (b. 1872 - d. 1925)
1921 - 1925                Heber H. Votaw                    (b. 1881 - d. 1962)
1925 - 1926                Luther C. White                   (d. 1926)
1927 - 1929                Albert H. Conner
1929 - 1930                Sanford Bates                     (b. 1884 - d. 1972)
Directors of the Federal Bureau of Prisons
1930 - 1937                Sanford Bates                     (s.a.)
1937 - 1964                James Van Bentschoten Bennett     (b. 1894 - d. 1978)
1964 - 1970                Myrl E. Alexander                 (b. 1909 - d. 1993)
1970 - 1987                Norman A. Carlson                 (b. 1933)
 1 Jul 1987 -  4 Dec 1992  J. Michael Quinlan                (b. 1941)
1992 - 2003                Kathleen Hawk Sawyer (f)          (b. c.1950)
 4 Apr 2003 -  7 May 2011  Harley G. Lappin                  (b. c.1956)
 7 May 2011 - 21 Dec 2011  Thomas R. Kane (acting)
21 Dec 2011 -              Charles E. Samuels, Jr.           (b. c.1965)


U.S. Marshals Service

[U.S. Marshals Service flag]            U.S. Marshals Service Flag
 [U.S. Marshals Service Flag variant]
                          Variant

U.S. Marshals Service

24 Sep 1789                U.S. Marshals first appointed.
17 Dec 1957                Executive Office of U.S. Marshals formed.
12 May 1969
               U.S. Marshals Service (USMS)

Chiefs
20 Dec 1957 - 1962         Clive W. Palmer 
21 Jun 1962 - 24 Dec 1968  James J.P.
McShane                 (b. 1909 - d. 1968)
 5 Mar 1969 - 1970         Carl C. Turner                     (b. 1914 - d. 1997)
Directors
16 Jan 1970 - May 1976     Wayne B.
Colburn                   (b. 1919 - d. 1983)
23 May 1976 - 23 Oct 1983  William E. Hall                    (b. 1932?)
23 Oct 1983 - 1989         Stanley E. Morris
                  (b. 1942)
 6 Nov 1989 - 1992         Kevin Michael Moore                (b. 1951)
24 Feb 1992 - Oct 1993     Henry E. Hudson                    (b. 1947)
                             (acting to 12 Aug 1992)
17 Oct 1993 - 18 Nov 1993  John J.
Twomey (acting)
18 Nov 1993 - 19 Jun 1999  Eduardo Gonzalez
21 Jun 1999 - 17 Nov 1999  George R. "Ray" Havens (acting)    (b. 1943?)
17 Nov 1999 - Jan 2001     John W.
Marshall                   (b. 1958)
21 Jan 2001 - 29 Oct 2001  Louis T.
McKinney (acting)
30 Oct 2001 - 31 Jul 2005  Benigno "Ben" G.
Reyna
 1 Aug 2005 - 31 Dec 2010  John F. Clark
                             (acting to 17 Mar 2006)
31 Dec 2010 -              Stacia A. Hylton (f)               (b. 1960)



Department of the Interior

[flag of Secretary
                        of Department of Interior to 1917]
                       to 1917
[Department of the
                        Interior flag 1917-1934]
                   1917 - 1934
[Department
                        of the Interior flag 1934-c.1949]
                  1934 - c.1949
[Department of the
                        Interior flag]
                 Adopted c.1949



Department of the Interior (DOI)

 3 Mar 1849                Department of the Interior.

Secretaries
 8 Mar 1849 - 22 Jul 1850  Thomas Ewing                       (b. 1789 - d. 1871)
23 Jul 1850 - 15 Aug 1850  Daniel C. Goddard (1st time)       (b. 1822 - d. 1852)
                             (acting)                   
15 Aug 1850 - 26 Aug 1850  Thomas M.T. McKennan               (b. 1794 - d. 1852)
27 Aug 1850 - 15 Sep 1850  Daniel C. Goddard (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)    
16 Sep 1850 -  7 Mar 1853  Alexander H.H. Stuart              (b. 1807 - d. 1891)
 
7 Mar 1853 - 10 Mar 1857  Robert McClelland                  (b. 1807 - d. 1880)
10
Mar 1857 - 10 Jan 1861  Jacob Thompson                     (b. 1810 - d. 1885)
10 Jan 1861 -  5 Mar 1861  Moses Kelly (acting)   
 5 Mar 1861 - 
1 Jan 1863  Caleb B. Smith                     (b. 1808 - d. 1864)
 1 Jan 1863 - 15 May 1865  John P. Usher                      (b. 1816 - d. 1889)
                             (acting to 8 Jan 1863)
15 May 1865 - 31 Aug 1866  James Harlan                       (b. 1820 - d. 1899)
 
1 Sep 1866 -  4 Mar 1869  Orville H. Browning                (b. 1806 - d. 1881)
 4 Mar 1869 -  9 Mar 1869  William T. Otto (acting)           (b. 1816 - d. 1905)
 9 Mar 1869 - 
1 Nov 1870  Jacob D. Cox                       (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
 1 Nov 1870 -  1 Oct 1875  Columbus Delano                    (b. 1809 - d. 1896)
 1 Oct 1875 - 19 Oct 1875  Benjamin R. Cowen (acting)         (b. 1831 - d. 1908)
19 Oct 1875 - 12 Mar 1877  Zachariah Chandler                 (b. 1813 - d. 1879)
12 Mar 1877 -  8 Mar 1881  Carl Schurz                        (b. 1829 - d. 1906)
 
8 Mar 1881 - 17 Apr 1882  Samuel J. Kirkwood                 (b. 1813 - d. 1894)
17 Apr 1882 -  4 Mar 1885  Henry M. Teller                    (b. 1830 - d. 1914)
 4 Mar 1885 -  6 Mar 1885  Merritt L. Joslyn (acting)         (b. 1825 - d. 1905)
 6 Mar 1885 - 11 Jan 1888  Lucius Q.C. Lamar                  (b. 1825 - d. 1893)
11 Jan 1888 - 16 Jan 1888  Henry L. Muldrow (acting)          (b. 1837 - d. 1905)
16 Jan 1888 -  7 Mar 1889  William F. Vilas                   (b. 1840 - d. 1908)
 
7 Mar 1889 -  6 Mar 1893  John W. Noble                      (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
 6 Mar 1893 -  1 Sep 1896  M. Hoke Smith                      (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
 1 Sep 1896 -  4 Sep 1896  John M. Reynolds (acting)          (b. 1848 - d. 1933)
 4 Sep 1896 -  5 Mar 1897  David R. Francis                   (b. 1850 - d. 1927)
 
5 Mar 1897 - 20 Feb 1899  Cornelius N. Bliss                 (b. 1833 - d. 1911)
20 Feb 1899 -  4 Mar 1907  Ethan A. Hitchcock                 (b. 1835 - d. 1909)
 
4 Mar 1907 -  5 Mar 1909  James R. Garfield                  (b. 1865 - d. 1950)
 
5 Mar 1909 -  7 Mar 1911  Richard A. Ballinger               (b. 1858 - d. 1922)
 
7 Mar 1911 -  5 Mar 1913  Walter Lowrie Fisher               (b. 1862 - d. 1935)
 
5 Mar 1913 -  1 Mar 1920  Franklin Knight Lane               (b. 1864 - d. 1921)
 
1 Mar 1920 - 13 Mar 1920  Alexander T. Vogelsang (acting)    (b. 1861 - d. 1930)
13 Mar 1920 -  5 Mar 1921  John Barton Payne                  (b. 1855 - d. 1935)
 5 Mar 1921 -  5 Mar 1923  Albert B. Fall                     (b. 1861 - d. 1944)
 5 Mar 1923 - 25 Jul 1928  Hubert Work                        (b. 1860 - d. 1942)
25 Jul 1928 -  5 Mar 1929  Roy O. West                        (b. 1868 - d. 1958)
                            
(acting to 21 Jan 1929)
 5 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Ray Lyman Wilbur                   (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
 4 Mar 1933 - 15 Feb 1946  Harold L. Ickes                    (b. 1874 - d. 1952)
15 Feb 1946 - 18 Mar 1946  Oscar L. Chapman (1st time)(acting)(b. 1896 - d. 1978)
18 Mar 1946 - 30 Nov 1949  Julius A. Krug                     (b. 1907 - d. 1970)
 1 Dec 1949 - 20 Jan 1953  Oscar L. Chapman (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                            
(acting to 19 Jan 1950)
21 Jan 1953 - 15 Apr 1956  Douglas McKay                      (b. 1893 - d. 1959)
15 Apr 1956 -  8 Jun 1956  Clarence A. Davis (acting)         (b. 1892 - d. 1974)
 8 Jun 1956 - 20 Jan 1961  Fred A. Seaton                     (b. 1909 - d. 1974)
21 Jan 1961 - 20 Jan 1969  Stewart L. Udall                   (b. 1920 - d. 2010)
20 Jan 1969 - 24 Jan 1969  J. Cordell Moore (acting)          (b. 1912 - d. 2001)
24 Jan 1969 - 25 Nov 1970  Walter J. Hickel                   (b. 1919 - d. 2010)
26 Nov 1970 - 29 Jan 1971  Fred J. Russell (acting)           (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
29 Jan 1971 - 30 Apr 1975  Rogers C.B. Morton                 (b. 1914 - d. 1979)
 1 May 1975 - 12 Jun 1975  
D. Kent Frizzell (1st time)(acting)(b. 1929)
12 Jun 1975 - 25 Jul 1975  Stanley K. Hathaway                (b. 1924 - d. 2005)
25 Jul 1975 - 13 Oct 1975  D. Kent Frizzell (2nd time)(acting)(s.a.)
13 Oct 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  Thomas S. Kleppe                   (b. 1919 - d. 2007)
20 Jan 1977 - 23 Jan 1977  H. Gregory Austin (acting)         (b. 1936)
24 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Cecil D. Andrus                    (b. 1931)
23 Jan 1981 -  8 Nov 1983  James G. Watt                      (b. 1938)
 8 Nov 1983 - 18 Nov 1983  Joseph Jacob Simmons III (acting)  (b. 1925)
18 Nov 1983 -  7 Feb 1985  William P. Clark                   (b. 1931 - d. 2013)
 7 Feb 1985 - 20 Jan 1989  Donald P. Hodel                    (b. 1935)
20 Jan 1989 -  3 Feb 1989  Earl E. Gjelde (acting)            (b. 1944)
 3 Feb 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Manuel Lujan, Jr.                  (b. 1928)
22 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001  Bruce Babbitt                      (b. 1938)
20 Jan 2001 - 31 Jan 2001  Thomas N. Slonaker
(acting)        (b. 1934)
31 Jan 2001 - 31 Mar 2006  Gale Norton (f)                    (b. 1954)
 1 Apr 2006 - 26 May 2006  P. Lynn Scarlett (f)(1st time)     (b. 1949)
                             (acting)   
                
26 May 2006 - 19 Jan 2009  Dirk Arthur Kempthorne             (b. 1951)
19 Jan 2009 - 21 Jan 2009 
P. Lynn Scarlett (f)(2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting)
21 Jan 2009 - 12 Apr 2013  Kenneth "Ken" Lee Salazar          (b. 1955)
12 Apr 2013 -              Sally R. Jewell (f)                (b. 1956)   
   


Bureau of Indian Affairs

[Bureau of Indian Affairs
                flag]

Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)

20 Aug 1789                Secretaries of War responsible for American
                             Indian Affairs.
21 Apr 1806 -  6 May 1822  Office of Indian Trade post within War Department.
11 Mar 1824                Bureau of Indian Affairs 
post within War Department.
 9 Jul 1832                Commissioner of Indian Affairs post created
                             within the War Department.
29 Jul 1834                Office of Indian Affairs organized.
 3 Mar 1849                Transferred to Department of the Interior.
17 Sep 1947                Renamed Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Administrators of Indian Affairs
20 Aug 1789 -  9 Jul 1832  the Secretaries of War
Superintendents of the Indian Trade
 8 Jul 1806 - Oct 1807     John Shee                          (b. c.1740 - d. 1808)
Oct 1807 -  1 Apr 1816     John Mason                         (b. 1766 - d. 1849)
 2 Apr 1816 -  6 May 1822  
Thomas L. McKenny                  (b. 1785 - d. 1859)
S
uperintendents of the Indian Affairs Office
11 Mar 1824 - 1830         Thomas L. McKenny                  (s.a.)
30 Sep 1830 - 1831         Samuel S. Hamilton
Aug 1831 -  9 Jul 1832     Elbert Herring                     (b. 1777 - d. 1876)
Commissioners of Indian Affairs
10 Jul 1832 - 1836         Elbert Herring                     (s.a.)
 4 Jul 1836 - 1838         Carey A. Harris                    (b. 1806 - d. 1842)
22 Oct 1838 - 28 Oct 1845  T. Hartley Crawford                (b. 1786 - d. 1863)
28 Oct 1845 - 1849         William Medill                     (b. 1802 - d. 1865)
30 Jun 1849 - 1850         Orlando Brown                      (b. 1801 - d. 1867)
 1 Jul 1850 - 1853         Luke Lea                           (b. 1810 - d. 1898)
24 Mar 1853 - Jun 1857     George W. Manypenny                (b. 1808 - d. 1892)
17 Apr 1857 - 1858         James William Denver (1st time)    (b. 1817 - d. 1892)
14 Jun 1858 - 1858         Charles E. Mix (acting)            (b. 1810 - d. 1878)
 8 Nov 1858 - 31 Mar 1859  James William Denver (2nd time)    (s.a.)
 4 May 1859 - 13 Mar 1861  Alfred Burton Greenwood            (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
13 Mar 1861 - 1865         William P. Dole                    (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
10 Jul 1865 - Sep 1866     Dennis Nelson Cooley               (b. 1825 - d. 1892)
 1 Nov 1866 - 1867         Lewis V. Bogy                      (b. 1813 - d. 1877)
29 Mar 1867 - 21 Apr 1869  Nathaniel Green Taylor             (b. 1819 - d. 1887)
21 Apr 1869 - 1871         Ely S. Parker                      (b. 1828 - d. 1895)
1871                       H.R. Clum (1st time) (acting)
21 Nov 1871 - 1872         Francis A. Walker                  (b. 1840 - d. 1897)
1872 - 1873                H.R. Clum (2nd time) (acting)
20 Mar 1873 - 1875         Edward P. Smith                    (b. 1827 - d. 1876)
11 Dec 1875 - 1877         John Q. Smith                      (b. 1824 - d. 1901)
20 Sep 1877 - 1880         Ezra A. Hayt                       (b. 1823 - d. 1902)
1880                       E.M. Marble (acting)
15 Mar 1880 - 20 Apr 1881  Rowland E. Trowbridge              (b. 1821 - d. 1881)
 6 May 1881 - 1884         Hiram Price                        (b. 1814 - d. 1901)
21 Mar 1885 - 1887         John D.C. Atkins                   (b. 1825 - d. 1908)
10 Oct 1887 - 1889         John H. Oberly                     (b. 1838 - d. 1899)
30 Jun 1889 - 1893         Thomas J. Morgan                   (b. 1839 - d. 1902)
18 Apr 1893 - Apr 1897     Daniel M. Browning                 (b. 1846 - d. 1903)
 3 May 1897 - 1905         William A. Jones                   (b. 1849 - d. 1918)
 1 Jan 1905 - 1909         Francis E. Leupp                   (b. 1849 - d. 1918)
19 Jun 1909 - 1913         Robert G. Valentine                (b. 1872 - d. 1916)
 2 Jun 1913 - 1921         Cato Sells                         (b. 1859 - d. 1948)
 7 May 1921 - 1929         Charles H. Burke                   (b. 1861 - d. 1944)
18 Apr 1929 - 1933         Charles J. Rhoads                  (b. 1872 - d. 1956)
21 Apr 1933 - 1945         John Collier                       (b. 1884 - d. 1968)
 6 Mar 1945 - 1947         William A. Brophy                  (b. 1903 - d. 1962)
1947 - 1949                William R. Zimmerman, Jr. (acting) (b. 1890 - d. 1967)
13 Apr 1949 - 1950         John R. Nichols                    (b. 1889 - d. 1968)
 5 May 1950 - 20 Mar 1953  Dillon S. Myer                     (b. 1891 - d. 1982)
10 Aug 1953 - 1961         Glenn L. Emmons                    (b. 1895 - d. 1980)
Jan 1961 - Jul 1961        John O. Crow (acting)              (b. 1912 - d. 1994)
26 Sep 1961 - 1966         Philleo Nash                       (b. 1909 - d. 1987)
27 Apr 1966 - 1969         Robert LaFollette Bennett          (b. 1912 - d. 2002)
 8 Aug 1969 - Jan 1973     Louis R. Bruce, Jr.                (b. 1905 - d. 1989)
Jan 1973 - Dec 1973        Marvin L. Franklin (acting)        (b. 1916)
 3 Dec 1973 - Nov 1976     Morris Thompson                    (b. 1939 - d. 2000)
Nov 1976 - Dec 1976        Raymond V. Butler (1st time)(acting)
 7 Dec 1976 - Jan 1977     Benjamin Reifel                    (b. 1906 - d. 1990)
Jan 1977 - 1977            Raymond V. Butler (2nd time)(acting)
Oct 1978 - Jul 1979        Martin E. Seneca, Jr. (acting)     (b. 1941?)
Jul 1979 - Dec 1979        Sidney L. Mills (acting)
Dec 1979 - Jan 1981        William E. Hallett                 (b. 1942 - d. 1992)
Apr 1981 - May 1981        Kenneth L. Payton (acting)
Assistant Secretaries of the Interior for Indian Affairs

13 Oct 1977 - 1980         Forrest J. Gerard                  (b. 1925 - d. 2013)
1980 - 1981                Thomas W. Fredericks (acting)      (b. 1943)
1981 - 1984                Kenneth L. Smith                   (b. 1935)
1985 - Jan 1989            Ross Swimmer                       (b. 1943)
1989                       William Patrick Ragsdale (acting)
1989 - 1993                Eddie Frank Brown                  (b. 1945)
Jul 1993 - 12 Nov 1997     Ada E. Deer (f)                    (b. 1935)
12 Nov 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Kevin Gover                        (b. 1955)
20 Jan 2001 -  4 Jul 2001  James H. McDivitt (acting)
 4 Jul 2001 -  6 Jan 2003  Neal A. McCaleb                    (b. 1935)
 6 Jan 2003 -  2 Feb 2004  Aurene Michele Martin (f)(acting)  (b. 1965?)
 2 Feb 2004 - 12 Feb 2005  David Wayne Anderson               (b. 1953?)
12 Feb 2005 -  8 Mar 2007  James "Jim" E. Cason (acting)
 8 Mar 2007 - 23 May 2008  Carl J. Artman                     (b. 1965)
23 May 2008 - 22 May 2009  George T. Skibine (acting)         (b. 1952)
22 May 2009 - 27 Apr 2012  Larry EchoHawk                     (b. 1948)
27 Apr 2012 -  9 Oct 2012  Donald "Del" Laverdure (acting)
 9 Oct 2012 -              Kevin K. Washburn                  (b. 1967)


Bureau of Reclamation

[Flag of Bureau of
                Reclamation (USBR)]

Bureau of Reclamation

 8 Jul 1902                Service of Reclamation within U.S. Geological Survey.
 9 Mar 1907                Reclamation Service within the Department of the Interior.
30 Jun 1923                Renamed Bureau of Reclamation.

Chief Engineer in Charge of the Service of Reclamation
1902 -  8 Mar 1907         Frederick Haynes Newell            (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
Directors of the Service of Reclamation
 9 Mar 1907 - Dec 1914     Frederick Haynes Newell            (s.a.)
Dec 1914 - 19 Jun 1923     Arthur Powel Davis                 (b. 1861 - d. 1933)
19 Jun 1923 - 30 Jun 1923  David William Davis                (b. 1873 - d. 1959)
Commissioners of Reclamation
30 Jun 1923 -  2 Jun 1924  David William Davis                (s.a.)
1924 - 26 Jan 1936         Elwood Mead                        (b. 1858 - d. 1936)
 2 Feb 1936 - 1936         Mae A. Schnurr (f) (acting)        (b. 1896 - d. 1996)
1936 - 1943                John Catfield Page                 (b. 1887 - d. 1955)
Aug 1943 - 1945            Harry W. Bashore                   (b. 1880 - d. 1973)
1945 - 1953                Michael W. Straus                  (b. 1897 - d. 1970)
1953                       Goodrich W. Lineweaver (acting)    (b. 1887 - d. 1961)
1953 - 1959                Wilbur A. Dexheimer                (b. 1901 - d. 1974)
 1 May 1959 -  1 Dec 1969  Floyd E. Dominy                    (b. 1909 - d. 2010)
1969 - 1973                Ellis Leroy Armstrong              (b. 1914 - d. 2001)
1973 - 1977                Gilbert G. Stamm                   (b. 1911 - d. 1989)
1977                       Donald D. Anderson (acting)
1977 - 1981                R. Keith Higginson                 (b. 1930 - d. 2007)
1981                       Clifford I. Barrett (1st time)
                             (acting)
1981 - 1984                Robert N. Broadbent                (b. 1926 - d. 2003)
Dec 1984 - Aug 1985        Robert A. Olsen (acting)
1985                       Clifford I. Barrett (2nd time)
                             (acting)
1986 -  6 Jul 1989         C. Dale Duvall                     (b. 1933)
 7 Jul 1989 - 13 Nov 1989  Joe D. Hall (acting)
14 Nov 1989 - 1993         Dennis B. Underwood                (b. 1944 - d. 2005)
1993 - 1995                Daniel Beard                       (b. 1943)
1995                       Stephen V. Magnussen (acting)      (b. 1941 - d. 2008)
1995 - 2001                Eluid L. Martinez                  (b. 1944)
2001 - 17 Jul 2001         J. William "Bill" McDonald
                             (1st time)(acting) 
17 Jul 2001 - 14 Apr 2006  John W. Keys III                   (b. 1942 - d. 2008)
14 Apr 2006 - 17 Oct 2006  William E. Rinne (acting)
17 Oct 2006 -  2 Jan 2009  Robert "Bob" W. Johnson
 2 Jan 2009 -  1 Jun 2009 
J. William "Bill" McDonald
                             (2nd time)(acting)
 1 Jun 2009 - 27 Feb 2014  Michael L. Connor                  (b. 1963?)
28 Feb 2014 -              Lowell Pimley (acting)             (b. 1956?)


Bureau of Land Management

[Bureau of Land Management
                (BLM) Flag]

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

18 May 1796 - 1825         Post of Surveyor General of Northwest Territories created.
25 Apr 1812                General Land Office (GLO) created within Department of Treasury.
 3 Mar 1849                GLO transferred to the Department of Interior.
28 Jun 1934                Division of Grazing created within
the Department of the Interior.
26 Aug 1939                Renamed U.S. Grazing Service.
16 Jul 1946                Bureau of Land Management (BLM) within
Department of the Interior
                             (formed by merger of Grazing Service and General Land Office).

Surveyors General of the Northwest Territories
 1 Oct 1796 – 1803         Rufus Putnam                       (b. 1738 - d. 1824)
 3 Nov 1803 – 1813         Jared Mansfield                    (b. 1759 - d. 1830)
1813 – 11 Oct 1811         Josiah Meigs                       (b. 1757 - d. 1822)
11 Oct 1814 – 1825         Edward Tiffin                      (b. 1766 - d. 1829)
Commissioners of the General Land Office
 7 May 1812 – 1814         Edward Tiffin                      (s.a.)
11 Oct 1814 – 1822         Josiah Meigs                       (s.a.)
11 Sep 1822 – 1823         John McLean                        (b. 1785 – d. 1861)
26 Jun 1823 – 1830         George Graham                      (b. 1772 - d. 1830)
30 Sep 1830 – 1835         Elijah Hayward                     (b. 1786 - d. 1864)
24 Jul 1835 – 1836         Ethan A. Brown                     (b. 1776 - d. 1852)
21 Oct 1836 – 1841         James Whitcomb                     (b. 1795 - d. 1852)
 3 Jul 1841 – 1842         Elisha M. Huntingdon               (b. 1806 - d. 1862)
19 May 1842 – 1845         Thomas H. Blake                    (b. 1792 - d. 1849)
16 Apr 1845 - 1847         James Shields                      (b. 1810 - d. 1879)
 6 Jan 1847 – 1849         Richard M. Young                   (b. 1798 - d. 1861)
 1 Jul 1849 - 1852         Justin Butterfield                 (b. 1790 - d. 1855)
16 Sep 1852 – 1855         John Wilson                        (b. 1807 - d. 1876)
 6 Aug 1855 – 1859         Thomas A. Hendricks                (b. 1819 - d. 1885)
13 Oct 1859 - 1860         Samuel A. Smith                    (b. 1822 - d. 1863)
23 Feb 1860 – 1861         Joseph S. Wilson (1st time)(acting)
16 Mar 1861 – 1866         James N. Edmunds                   (b. 1810 - d. 1879)
 1 Sep 1866 – 1871         Joseph S. Wilson (2nd time)
 4 Feb 1871 – 1874         Willis Drummond                    (b. 1808 - d. 1879)
 1 Jun 1874 – 1876         Samuel S. Burdett                  (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
24 Jun 1876 – 1881         James A. Williamson                (b. 1829 - d. 1902)
17 Jun 1881 – 1885         Noah C. McFarland                  (b. 1822 - d. 1897)
1885 - 1887                William A.J. Sparks                (b. 1828 - d. 1904)
1888 - 1889                Strother M. Stockslager            (b. 1842 - d. 1903)
26 Sep 1889 - Mar 1891     Lewis A. Groff                     (b. 1841 - d. 1928)
1891 - 1892                Thomas Carter                      (b. 1854 - d. 1911)
1892 - 1893                William Stone                      (b. 1827 - d. 1893)
1893 - 1897                Silas W. Lamoreaux                 (b. 1843 - d. 1909)
1897 - 1903                Binger Hermann                     (b. 1843 - d. 1926)
1903 - 1907                William A. Richard                 (b. 1849 - d. 1912)
1907 - 1908                Richard A. Ballinger               (b. 1858 - d. 1922)
1908 - 1913                Fred Dennett                       (b. 1863 - d. 1928)
1913 - 1921                Clay Tallman                       (b. 1874 - d. 1949)

1921 - 21 Apr 1929         William Spry                       (b. 1864 - d. 1929)
1929 - 1933                Charles C. Moore                   (b. 1866 - d. 1958)
1933 - 16 Jul 1946         Fred W. Johnson
Directors of the Grazing Service (Divison of Grazing to 1939)
1934 – 1938                Farrington "Ferry" R. Carpenter    (b. 1886 - d. 1980)
1938 – 1944                
Richard H. Rutledge
1944 – 16 Jul 1946         Clarence Luther Forsling           (b. 1893 – d. 1981)
Directors of the Bureau of Land Management
16 Jul 1946 - 1948         Fred W. Johnson
1948 - 1953                Marion Clawson                     (b. 1905 - d. 1998)

1953 - 1961                Edward Woozley                     (b. 1902 - d. 1995)
1961 - 1963                Karl S. Landstrom                  (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
1963 - 1966                Charles H. Stoddard                (b. 1912 - d. 1997)
1966 - 1971                Boyd L. Rasmussen                  (b. 1913 - d. 1998)
1971 - 1973                
Burton "Burt" W. Silcock           (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
1973 - 1977                Curtis J. Berklund                 (b. 1929 - d. 2013)
1977 - 1981                Raymond "Frank" Gregg              (b. 1925 - d. 2013)
1981 - 1989                Robert F. Burford                  (b. 1923 - d. 1993)
1989 – 1992                Delos Cy Jamison                   (b. 1949)
1993 - 1994                Jim Baca                           (b. 1945)
Feb 1994 - 1997            
Michael P. Dombeck (acting)        (b. 1948)
1997 - 1998                Patrick "Pat" A. Shea              (b. 1948)
                             (acting to 23 Jul 1997)
Nov 1998 - Nov 2001        Thomas "Tom" A. Fry III            (b. 1945?)
                             (acting to 24 May 2000)
 2 Jan 2002 - Feb 2007     Kathleen Burton Clarke (f)
 7 Feb 2007 -  3 Aug 2007  James "Jim" M. Hughes (acting)
 3 Aug 2007 - 20 Jan 2009  James "Jim" L. Caswell
20 Jan 2009 -  1 Mar 2009  Ron Wenker (acting)
 1 Mar 2009 -  7 Aug 2009  Mike Pool (1st time)(acting)       (b. 1954?)
 7 Aug 2009 - 31 May 2012  Robert V. Abbey                    (b. 1951)
31 May 2012 - 28 Feb 2013 
Mike Pool (2nd time)(acting)       (s.a.)
 1 Mar 2013 -              Neil G. Kornze                     (b. 1978)
                             (acting to 11 Apr 2014)


Fish and Wildlife Service
 
[Fish Commission
                          Service flag 1915-1940]
                     1915 - 1940
[Fish and Wildlife Service [old]
                          flag]
                     1940  - 19..
[U.S. Fish and
                          Wildlife Service flag]
                 Adopted 19..

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS)

 9 Feb 1871                U.S. Commission on Fish and Fisheries 
 1 Jul 1903                U.S. Bureau of Fisheries within Department of Commerce & Labor.
 4 Mar 1913                Transferred to Department of Commerce.
30 Jun 1940                Fish and Wildlife Service, within the Department of the Interior.

Commissioners of Fish and Fisheries
1871 - 1887                Spencer Fullerton Baird            (b. 1823 - d. 1887)
1887 - 1888                George Brown Goode (acting)        (b. 1851 - d. 1896)
1888 - 1895                Marshall McDonald                  (b. 1835 - d. 1895)
1895 - 1896                Herbert A. Gill (acting)
1896 - 1898                John J. Brice
1898 - 1903                George Meade Bowers                (b. 1863 - d. 1925)
Chiefs of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries
1903 - 1913                George Meade Bowers                (s.a.)
1913 - 1922                Hugh M. Smith                      (b. 1865 - d. 1941)
1922 - 1933                Henry O'Malley                     (b. 1876 - d. 1936)
1933 - 1939                Frank T. Bell                      (b. 1883 - d. 1970)
1939 - 1940                Charles Jackson (acting)
Chiefs of the Bureau of Biological Survey (1885-86 Office of Economic Ornithology and
Mammalogy; 1886-96 Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy; 1896-1905 Division
of Biological Survey)
1885 - 1910                Clinton Hart Merriam               (b. 1855 - d. 1942)
1910 - 1916                Henry Wetherbee Henshaw            (b. 1850 - d. 1930)
1916 - 1927                Edward William Nelson              (b. 1855 - d. 1934)
1927 - 1934                Paul Goodwin Redington             (b. 1878 - d. 1942)
1934 - 1935                Jay Norwood Darling                (b. 1876 - d. 1962)
1935 - 1940                Ira Noel Gabrielson                (b. 1889 - d. 1977)
Directors of the Fish and Wildlife Service 
1940 - 1946                Ira Noel Gabrielson                (s.a.)
1946 - 1953                Albert M. Day                      (b. 1897 - d. 1979)
25 May 1953 - 1957         John L. Farley
Commissioners of the Fish and Wildlife Service
1957 - 1961                Arnie J. Suomela                   (b. 1902 - d. 1992)
1961 - 1969                Clarence F. Pautzke                (b. 1907 - d. 1971)
Chiefs of the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries
1957 - 1967                Donald L. McKernan                 (b. 1918 - d. 1979)
1967 - 1970                Harold E. Crowther
Chiefs of the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife
1957 - 1964                Daniel H. Janzen
 1 Dec 1964 - 1970         John S. Gottschalk                 (b. 1912 - d. 1999)
1970 - 1973                Spencer H. Smith
Oct 1973 - 30 Jun 1974     Lynn A. Greenwalt                  (b. 1931)
Directors of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
1974 - 1981                Lynn A. Greenwalt                  (s.a.)
1981 - 1985                Robert A. Jantzen                  (b. 1928 - d. 2001)
1986 - 15 Mar 1989         Frank H. Dunkle                    (b. 1924 - d. 1993)
1989 - 1993                John F. Turner                     (b. 1942)
10 Sep 1993 -  5 Jun 1996  Mollie H. Beattie (f)              (b. 1947 - d. 1996)
 5 Jun 1996 - 31 Jul 1997  John G. Rogers (acting)
31 Jul 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Jamie Rappaport Clark
(f)
20 Jan 2001 - 21 Feb 2002  Marshall Jones (acting)
21 Feb 2002 - 16 Mar 2005  Steven A. Williams                 (b. 1957?)
16 Mar 2005 - 12 Oct 2005  Matthew "Matt" J. Hogan (acting)   (b. 1967?)
12 Oct 2005 -  3 Jan 2009  H. Dale Hall
 3 Jan 2009 -  1 Sep 2009  Rowan W. Gould (1st time)(acting) 
 1 Sep 2009 - 20 Feb 2010  Samuel D. Hamilton                 (b. 1955 - d. 2010)
21 Feb 2010 -  1 Jul 2011  Rowan W. Gould (2nd time)(acting) 
 1 Jul 2011 -
             Daniel M. Ashe


U.S. Geological Survey

[U.S. Geological Survey
                        (USGS) flag 1903-1966]                     1903 - 1966

[U.S. Geological
                        Survey (USGS) flag]                    Adopted 1966

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

 3 Mar 1879                U.S. Geological Survey
 1 Jul 1879                Earlier surveys discontinued.

Director of the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian¹
1872 - 30 Jun 1879         George Montague Wheeler            (b. 1842 - d. 1902)
Director of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel¹
1867 - 1879                Clarence Rivers King               (b. 1842 - d. 1901)
Director of the U.S. Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region
1869 - 30 Jun 1879         John Wesley Powell                 (b. 1834 - d. 1902)
Director of the U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories
1867 - 30 Jun 1879         Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden         (b. 1829 - d. 1887)
Directors of the U.S. Geological Survey
24 May 1879 - Mar 1881     Clarence Rivers King               (s.a.)
Mar 1881 - 30 Jun 1894     John Wesley Powell                 (s.a.)
30 Jun 1894 - Apr 1907     Charles Doolittle Walcott          (b. 1850 - d. 1927)
                             (acting to 1 Jul 1894)
May 1907 - Dec 1930        George Otis Smith                  (b. 1871 - d. 1944)
Dec 1930 - 1943            Walter Curran Mendenhall           (b. 1871 - d. 1957)
1943 - Jan 1956            William Embry Wrather              (b. 1883 - d. 1963)
Jan 1956 - Sep 1965        Thomas Brennan Nolan               (b. 1901 - d. 1992)
Sep 1965 - Apr 1971        William Thomas Pecora              (b. 1913 - d. 1972)
1971 - Apr 1978            Vincent Ellis McKelvey             (b. 1916 - d. 1987)
Apr 1978 - Jan 1981        Henry William Menard               (b. 1920 - d. 1986)
30 Sep 1981 - 1993         Dallas Lynn Peck                   (b. 1929 - d. 2005)
24 Mar 1994 - 1997         Gordon P. Eaton                    (b. 1929)
13 Nov 1998 - 20 Jun 2005  Charles "Chip" G. Groat            (b. 1940)
20 Jun 2005 - 26 Sep 2006  P. Patrick Leahy (acting)          (b. 1947)
26 Sep 2006 - 20 Jan 2009  Mark D. Myers                      (b. 1954?)
20 Jan 2009 - 22 Oct 2009  Suzette M. Kimball (f)(1st time)   (b. 1952?)
                             (acting) 
22 Oct 2009 - 15 Feb 2013 
Marcia Kemper McNutt (f)           (b. 1952)
15 Feb 2013 -              Suzette M. Kimball (f)(2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting) 

 ¹Survey dependent on the Department of War/Office of the Chief Engineer. 


National Park Service

[National Park Service
                        flag]                           NPS Flag

[National Park
                        Service guidon flag]                     NPS Guidon

National Park Service (NPS)

25 Aug 1916                National Park Service (NPS)

General Superintendent and Landscape Engineer for the National Parks
10 Jul 1914 -  9 Dec 1915  Mark Daniels                       (b. 1881 - d. 1952)          
General Superintendent of National Parks
10 Dec 1915 - 31 Dec 1916  Robert B. Marshall                 (b. 1867 - d. 1949)
Directors of the National Park Service
16 May 1917 -  8 Jan 1929  Stephen Tying Mather               (b. 1867 - d. 1930)
12 Jan 1929 -  9 Aug 1933  Horace Marden Albright             (b. 1890 - d. 1987)
10 Aug 1933 -  9 Aug 1940  Arno Berthold Cammerer             (b. 1860 - d. 1940)
20 Aug 1940 - 31 Mar 1951  Newton Bishop Drury                (b. 1889 - d. 1978)
 1 Apr 1951 -  8 Dec 1951  Arthur E. Demaray                  (b. 1887 - d. 1958)
 9 Dec 1951 -  7 Jan 1964  Conrad L. Wirth                    (b. 1899 - d. 1933)
 8 Jan 1964 - 31 Dec 1972  George B. Hartzog, Jr.             (b. 1920 - d. 2008)
 1 Jan 1973 -  3 Jan 1975  Ronald H. Walker                   (b. 1937)
 4 Jan 1975 - 12 Jan 1975  Russell E. Dickenson (1st time)    (b. 1923 - d. 2008)
                             (acting)
13 Jan 1975 - 27 May 1977  Gary E. Everhardt                  (b. 1936)
28 May 1977 -  4 Jul 1977  William J. Briggle (acting)        (b. 1925)
 5 Jul 1977 - 13 May 1980  William J. Whalen III              (b. 1940 - d. 2006)
15 May 1980 -  3 Mar 1985  Russell E. Dickenson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1985 - 30 Apr 1985  Mary Lou Grier (f)(acting)         (b. 1925 - d. 2013)
 1 May 1985 - 15 Apr 1989  William Penn Mott, Jr.             (b. 1910 - d. 1992)
16 Apr 1985                Denis P. Galvin (1st time)(acting) (b. 1938)
17 Apr 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  James M. Ridenour                  (b. 1942)
20 Jan 1993 -  1 Jun 1993  Herbert S. Cables, Jr. (acting)
 1 Jun 1993 - 29 Mar 1997  Roger G. Kennedy                   (b. 1926 - d. 2011)
30 Mar 1997 -  3 Aug 1997  Denis P. Galvin (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                           + Jacqueline Lowery (f)
                           (acting)
 4 Aug 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Robert Stanton                     (b. 1940)
17 Jul 2001 - 16 Oct 2006  Fran P. Mainella (f)               (b. 1947)
17 Oct 2006 - 20 Jan 2009  Mary Amelia Bomar (f)
20 Jan 2009 -  2 Oct 2009  Daniel N. Wenk (acting)            (b. 1953?)
 2 Oct 2009 -              
Jonathan "Jon" B. Jarvis           (b. 1953)


War Relocation Authority (WRA)
 
11 Mar 1942                Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA).
18 Mar 1942                War Relocation Authority (WRA), within the Office for Emergency
                             Management in the Executive Office of the President.
16 Feb 1944                Transferred to the Department of the Interior.
30 Jun 1946                Abolished.

Directors
18 Mar 1942 – 17 Jun 1942  Milton S. Eisenhower               (b. 1899 – d. 1985)
17 Jun 1942 – 30 Jun 1946  Dillon S. Myer                     (b. 1891 - d. 1982)



Department of Agriculture

[Department of Agriculture
                flag]
                Adopted 21 Jun 1895

Department of Agriculture (USDA)

 3 Mar 1839                Agricultural Division of the Patent Office, within
                             Department of State.

 3 Mar 1849                Transferred to the Department of Interior.
15 May 1862                Department of Agriculture created.
13 Feb 1889                Commissioner becomes a cabinet secretary.

Superintendents of the Agricultural Division
 3 Mar 1839 - 1849         the Commissioners of Patents
1849 - 1853                Daniel Lee                         (b. 1802 - d. 1890)
 9 Jun 1853 - Oct 1859     Daniel Jay Browne                  (b. 1804 - d. 1867?)
 3 Feb 1860 -  4 Mar 1861  Thomas Green Clemson               (b. 1807 - d. 1888)
Aug 1861 -  1 Jul 1862     Isaac Newton                       (b. 1800 - d. 1867)
Commissioners
of Agriculture
 1 Jul 1862 - 19 Jun 1867  Isaac Newton                       (s.a.)
20 Jun 1867 - 29 Nov 1867  John W. Stokes (acting) 
29 Nov 1867 -  1 Aug 1871  Horace L. Capron                   (b. 1804 - d. 1885)
 1 Aug 1871 - 30 Jun 1877  Frederick Watts                    (b. 1801 - d. 1889)
 1 Jul 1877 - 30 Jun 1881  William Gates Le Duc               (b. 1823 - d. 1917)
 1 Jul 1881 -  3 Apr 1885  George Bailey Loring               (b. 1817 - d. 1891)
 3 Apr 1885 - 13 Feb 1889  Norman Jay Coleman                 (b. 1827 - d. 1911)
Secretaries
13 Feb 1889 -  7 Mar 1889  Norman Jay Coleman                 (s.a.)
 7
Mar 1889 -  6 Mar 1893  Jeremiah McLain Rusk               (b. 1830 - d. 1893)
 
6 Mar 1893 -  5 Mar 1897  Julius Sterling Morton             (b. 1832 - d. 1902)
 
5 Mar 1897 -  6 Mar 1913  James Wilson                       (b. 1835 - d. 1920)
 
6 Mar 1913 -  2 Feb 1920  David Franklin Houston             (b. 1866 - d. 1940)
 2 Feb 1920 -  5 Mar 1921  Edwin T. Meredith                  (b. 1876 - d. 1928)
 5 Mar 1921 - 25 Oct 1924  Henry C. Wallace                   (b. 1866 - d. 1924)
26 Oct 1924 -  5 Mar 1925  Howard M. Gore                     (b. 1877 - d. 1947)
                             (acting to 22 Nov 1924)
 5 Mar 1925 -  6 Mar 1929  William M. Jardine                 (b. 1879 - d. 1955)
 6 Mar 1929 -  4 Mar 1933  Arthur M. Hyde                     (b. 1877 - d. 1947)
 4 Mar 1933 -  5 Sep 1940  Henry A. Wallace                   (b. 1888 - d. 1965)
 5 Sep 1940 - 30 Jun 1945  Claude R. Wickard                  (b. 1893 - d. 1953)
30 Jun 1945 - 10 May 1948  Clinton P. Anderson                (b. 1895 - d. 1975)
10 May 1948 - 20 Jan 1953  Charles F. Brannan                 (b. 1903 - d. 1992)
                             (acting to 2 Jun 1948)
21 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961  Ezra Taft Benson                   (b. 1899 - d. 1994)
21 Jan 1961 - 20 Jan 1969  Orville L. Freeman                 (b. 1918 - d. 2003)
21 Jan 1969 - 17 Nov 1971  Clifford M. Hardin                 (b. 1915 - d. 2010)
17 Nov 1971 -  2 Dec 1971  J. Phil Campbell, Jr. (acting)     (b. 1917 - d. 1998)
 2 Dec 1971 -  5 Oct 1976  Earl L. Butz                       (b. 1909 - d. 2008)

 5 Oct 1976 - 20 Jan 1977  John A. Knebel
                     (b. 1936)
                             (acting to 3 Nov 1976)    
21 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Robert S. Bergland                 (b. 1928)
23 Jan 1981 - 14 Feb 1986  John R. Block                      (b. 1935)
14 Feb 1986 - 20 Feb 1986  John R. Norton III (acting)        (b. 1929)
20 Feb 1986 -  7 Mar 1986  Frank W. Naylor, Jr. (acting)      (b. 1939) 
 7 Mar 1986 - 20 Jan 1989  Richard E. Lyng                    (b. 1918 - d. 2003)
20 Jan 1989 - 16 Feb 1989  Peter C. Myers, Sr. (acting)       (b. 1931 - d. 2012)
16 Feb 1989 -  1 Mar 1991  Clayton K. Yeutter                 (b. 1930)
 1 Mar 1991 - 12 Mar 1991  Jack Callihan Parnell (acting)     (b. 1935)
12 Mar 1991 - 20 Jan 1993  Edward Madigan                     (b. 1936 - d. 1994)
22 Jan 1993 - 31 Dec 1994  Mike Espy                          (b. 1953)
 
1 Jan 1995 - 30 Mar 1995  Bob Nash (acting)                  (b. 1947)
30 Mar 1995 - 20 Jan 2001  Dan Glickman                       (b. 1944)
20 Jan 2001 - 21 Jan 2005  Ann Veneman (f)                    (b. 1949)
21 Jan 2005 - 20 Sep 2007  Michael "Mike" Owen Johanns        (b. 1950)
20 Sep 2007 - 28 Jan 2008  Chuck Conner (acting)              (b. 1957)

28 Jan 2008 - 20 Jan 2009 
Edward "Ed" Thomas Schafer         (b. 1946)
21 Jan 2009 -              Thomas "Tom" J. Vilack             (b. 1950)


Forest Service

[U.S. Forest Service
                flag]

Forest Service

15 Aug 1876                Forestry Office
1881                       Division of Forestry (provisional to 30 Jun 1886).

 2 Mar 1901                Bureau of Forestry
 1 Jul 1905                Forest Service (USFS)

Special Forestry Agent
30 Aug 1876 - 1881         Franklin Benjamin Hough            (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
Chiefs
1881 - May 1883            Franklin Benjamin Hough            (s.a.)
May 1883 - 1886            Nathaniel Hillyer Egleston         (b. 1822 - d. 1912)
15 Mar 1886 - 1898         Bernhard Eduard Fernow             (b. 1851 - d. 1923)
Foresters 
 1 Jul 1898 - 1910         Gifford Pinchot                    (b. 1865 - d. 1946)
1910 - 1920                Henry Solon Graves                 (b. 1871 - d. 1951)
1920 - 1928                William Buckhout Greeley           (b. 1879 - d. 1955)
 1 May 1928 - 23 Oct 1933  Robert Young Stuart                (b. 1883 - d. 1933)
1933 - 1935                Ferdinand Augustus Silcox          (b. 1882 - d. 1939)
Chiefs
1935 - 1939                Ferdinand Augustus Silcox          (s.a.)
1939 - 1943                Earle Hart Clapp (acting)          (b. 1877 - d. 1970)
1943 - 1952                Lyle Ford Watts                    (b. 1890 - d. 1962)
Jul 1952 - Mar 1962        Richard Edwin McArdle              (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
1962 - 1972                Edward Parley Cliff                (b. 1909 - d. 1987)
1972 - 1979                John R. McGuire                    (b. 1916 - d. 2002)
27 Jun 1979 -  2 Feb 1987  Ralph Max Peterson                 (b. 1927)
Feb 1987 - 28 Oct 1993     F. Dale Robertson                  (b. 1940)
28 Oct 1993 -  1 Dec 1993  Dave Unger (1st time) (acting)     (b. 1932?)
 1
Dec 1993 -  2 Dec 1996  Jack Ward Thomas                   (b. 1934)
 2 Dec 1996 -  6 Jan 1997  Dave Unger (2nd time) (acting)     (s.a.)
 6 Jan 1997 - 31 Mar 2001  Michael P. Dombeck                 (b. 1948)
12 Apr 2001 -  2 Feb 2007  Dale N. Bosworth                   (b. 1945)
 4 Feb 2007 -  3 Jul 2009  Abigail "Gail" R. Kimbell (f)      (b. 1953)
 3 Jul 2009 -              Thomas "Tom" L. Tidwell            (b. 1954?)



Department of Commerce and Labor

14 Feb 1903                Department of Commerce and Labor
 4 Mar 1913                Divided into Department of Commerce and Department of Labor.

Secretaries
16 Feb 1903 -  1 Jul 1904  George B. Cortelyou                (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
 1 Jul 1904 - 17 Dec 1906  Victor H. Metcalf                  (b. 1853 - d. 1936)
17 Dec 1906 -  5 Mar 1909  Oscar S. Straus                    (b. 1850 - d. 1926)
 5 Mar 1909 -  4 Mar 1913  Charles Nagel                      (b. 1849 - d. 1940)


Department of Commerce

[Flag of
                      Secretary of Department of Commerce, 1915]
                15 Jun 1915 - 19..
[Flag of
                      Department of Commerce]
                      Current Flag

Department of Commerce

 4 Mar 1913                Department of Commerce

Secretaries
 5 Mar 1913 - 31 Oct 1919  William Cox Redfield               (b. 1858 - d. 1932)
 1 Nov 1919 - 16 Dec 1919  Edwin F. Sweet (acting)            (b. 1847 - d. 1935)
16 Dec 1919 -  5 Mar 1921  Joshua Willis Alexander            (b. 1852 - d. 1936)
 5 Mar 1921 - 21 Aug 1928  Herbert Hoover                     (b. 1874 - d. 1964)
21 Aug 1928 -  5 Mar 1929  William F. Whiting                 (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
                             (acting to 1 Dec 1928)
 5 Mar 1929 -  8 Aug 1932  Robert P. Lamont                   (b. 1867 - d. 1948)
 8 Aug 1932 -  3 Mar 1933  Roy D. Chapin                      (b. 1880 - d. 1936)
                             (acting to 14 Dec 1932)
 4 Mar 1933 - 24 Dec 1938  Daniel C. Roper                    (b. 1867 - d. 1943)
24 Dec 1938 - 19 Sep 1940  Harry L. Hopkins                   (b. 1890 - d. 1946)
                             (acting to 23 Jan 1939)
19 Sep 1940 -  2 Mar 1945  Jesse H. Jones                     (b. 1874 - d. 1956)
 2 Mar 1945 - 28 Sep 1946  Henry A. Wallace                   (b. 1888 - d. 1965)
28 Sep 1946 -  6 May 1948  W. Averell Harriman                (b. 1891 - d. 1986)
                             (acting to 28 Jan 1947)
 6 May 1948 - 20 Jan 1953  Charles Sawyer                     (b. 1887 - d. 1979)
21 Jan 1953 - 13 Nov 1958  Sinclair Weeks                     (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
13 Nov 1958 - 27 Jun 1959  Lewis L. Strauss (acting)          (b. 1896 - d. 1974)
27 Jun 1959 - 19 Jan 1961  Frederick H. Muller                (b. 1893 - d. 1976)
                             (acting to 6 Aug 1959)
21 Jan 1961 - 18 Jan 1965  Luther H. Hodges                   (b. 1898 - d. 1974)
18 Jan 1965 -  1 Feb 1967  John T. Connor                     (b. 1914 - d. 2000)
 1 Feb 1967 -  6 Mar 1968  Alexander B. Trowbridge            (b. 1929 - d. 2006)
                             (acting to 14 Jun 1967)
 6 Mar 1968 - 20 Jan 1969  Cyrus R. Smith                     (b. 1899 - d. 1990)
21 Jan 1969 - 29 Feb 1972  Maurice H. Stans                   (b. 1908 - d. 1998)
29 Feb 1972 -  2 Feb 1973  Peter G. Peterson                  (b. 1926)
 2 Feb 1973 - 12 Mar 1975  Frederick B. Dent                  (b. 1922)
12 Mar 1975 -  1 May 1975  John K. Tabor (acting)             (b. 1921 - d. 1999)
 1 May 1975 -  1 Feb 1976  Rogers C.B. Morton                 (b. 1914 - d. 1979)
 1 Feb 1976 - 20 Jan 1977  Elliot Richardson                  (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
20 Jan 1977 - 23 Jan 1977  Robert M. White (acting)           (b. 1923)
23 Jan 1977 - 31 Oct 1979  Juanita Morris Kreps (f)           (b. 1921 - d. 2010)
31 Oct 1979 -  9 Jan 1980  Luther H. Hodges, Jr. (acting)     (b. 1936)
 
9 Jan 1980 - 19 Jan 1981  Philip M. Klutznick                (b. 1907 - d. 1999)
23 Jan 1981 - 25 Jul 1987  Malcolm Baldrige                   (b. 1922 - d. 1987)
25 Jul 1987 - 15 Oct 1987  Clarence J. "Bud" Brown (acting)   (b. 1927)
15 Oct 1987 - 20 Jan 1989  C. William Verity                  (b. 1917 - d. 2007)
20 Jan 1989 - 31 Jan 1989  Donna F. Tuttle (f)(acting)        (b. 1947)
31 Jan 1989 - 15 Jan 1992  Robert A. Mosbacher                (b. 1927 - d. 2010)
16 Jan 1992 - 27 Jan 1992  Rockwell A. Schnabel (acting)      (b. 1936)
27 Jan 1992 - 20 Jan 1993  Barbara H. Franklin (f)            (b. 1940)
22 Jan 1993 -  3 Apr 1996  Ron Brown                          (b. 1941 - d. 1996)
 4 Apr 1996 - 12 Apr 1996  Mary Lowe Good (f) (acting)        (b. 1931)    
12 Apr 1996 - 21 Jan 1997  Mickey Kantor                      (b. 1939)
21 Jan 1997 - 30 Jan 1997  Stuart E. Eizenstat (acting)       (b. 1943)
30 Jan 1997 - 15 Jul 2000  William M. Daley                   (b. 1948)
15 Jul 2000 - 21 Jul 2000  Robert L. Mallett (acting)         (b. 1957)
21 Jul 2000 - 20 Jan 2001  Norman Y. Mineta                   (b. 1931)
20 Jan 2001 -  7 Feb 2005  Don Evans                          (b. 1946)
 7 Feb 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Carlos M. Gutierrez                (b. 1953)
20 Jan 2009 - 26 Mar 2009  Otto J. Wolff (acting)             (b. 1943?)
26 Mar 2009 -  1 Aug 2011  Gary Locke                         (b. 1950)
 1 Aug 2011 - 21 Oct 2011  Rebecca M. Blank (f)(1st time)     (b. 1955)
                             (acting)   
21 Oct 2011 - 20 Jun 2012  John E. Bryson                     (b. 1943)
12 Jun 2012 -  1 Jun 2013  Rebecca M. Blank (f)(2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting [for Bryson to 20 Jun 2012])
 1 Jun 2013 - 26 Jun 2013  Cameron F. Kerry (acting)          (b. 1950)
26 Jun 2013 -              Penny S. Pritzker (f)              (b. 1959)


U.S. Census Bureau

[U.S. Bureau of Census flag]

Bureau of the Census

Aug 1790                   First decennial census assigned to the marshals 
                             of the U.S. Judicial districts.
Aug 1790 -  3 Mar 1849     The decennial census responsibility of the Department of State.
26 Feb 1840                Congress authorizes creation of a centralized Census Office
                             during each enumeration.
 3 Mar 1849                Within the Department of Interior (Census Board).
 1 Jul 1902                Census Office made a permanent agency.
14 Feb 1903                Within the Department of Commerce and Labor (Census Office).
 1 Jul 1903                Renamed Bureau of the Census.
 4 Mar 1913                Within the Department of Commerce.

Superintendent Clerks
1840 - 1842                William Augustus Weaver            (b. 1797 - d. 1846)
1842 - 1850                Vacant
1850 - 18 Mar 1853         Joseph Camp Griffith Kennedy       (b. 1813 - d. 1887)
                             (1st time)
18 Mar 1853 - 31 Dec 1854  James Dunwoody Brownson DeBow      (b. 1820 - d. 1867)
1855 - 1860                Vacant
1860 - 1865                Joseph Camp Griffith Kennedy       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1865 - 1869                Vacant
 
7 Feb 1870 - Dec 1872    Francis Amasa Walker (1st time)    (b. 1840 - d. 1897)
Dec 1872 - 1879            Vacant
1879 - 1881                Francis Amasa Walker (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1881 - Mar 1885            Charles W. Seaton                  (b. 1831 - d. 1885)
Mar 1885 - 1889            Vacant
1889 - 1893                Robert Percival Porter             (b. 1852 - d. 1917)
1893 - 1897                Carroll D. Wright                  (b. 1840 - d. 1909)
1897 - 1899                Vacant
 7 Mar 1899 -  1 Jul 1902  William Rush Merriam               (b. 1849 - d. 1931)
Directors
 1 Jul 1902 - 1903         William Rush Merriam               (s.a.)
1903 - 15 Jun 1909         Simon Newton Dexter North          (b. 1848 - d. 1924)
16 Jun 1909 - 1913         Edward Dana Durand                 (b. 1870 - d. 1960)
1913 - 1915                William J. Harris                  (b. 1868 - d. 1932) 
1915 - 1921                Samuel Lyle Rogers                 (b. 1859 - d. 1925)
1921 - 31 Mar 1933         William Mott Steuart               (b. 1861 - d. 1956) 
Apr 1933 - 1941            William Lane Austin                (b. 1871 - d. 1949) 
1941 - Aug 1949            James Clyde Capt                   (b. 1888 - d. 1949)  
1949 - 1950                Philip M. Hauser (acting)          (b. 1909 - d. 1994) 
1950 - 1953                Roy Victor Peel                    (b. 1896 - d. 1978) 
1953 - 1961                Robert Wilbur Burgess              (b. 1887 - d. 1969) 
1961 - 1965                Richard Montgomery Scammon         (b. 1915 - d. 2001) 
1965 - 1969                A. Ross Eckler                     (b. 1901 - d. 1991) 
1969 - 1973                George Hay Brown                   (b. 1910 - d. 1991)
Jan 1973 - Mar 1973        Joseph R. Wright (acting)
1973 - 1976                Vincent P. Barabba (1st time)      (b. 1934)
1977 - 1979                Manuel D. Plotkin                  (b. 1923 - d. 2011) 
1979 - 1981                Vincent P. Barabba (2nd time)      (s.a.) 
1981 - 1983                Bruce Chapman                      (b. 1940)
Jul 1983 - Mar 1984        Charles Louis Kincannon            (b. 1940)
                             (1st time)(acting)
20 Mar 1984 - Jan 1989     John G. Keane                      (b. 1930) 
Jan 1989 - Dec 1989        Charles Louis Kincannon            (s.a.) 
                             (2nd time)(acting)
1989 - 1993                Barbara Everitt Bryant (f)         (b. 1926)
1993 - 1994                Harry A. Scarr (acting)            (b. 1934 - d. 1995) 
 6 Oct 1994 - 31 Jan 1998  Martha Farnsworth Riche (f)        (b. 1939)
31 Jan 1998 - 1998         James F. Holmes (acting)
1998 - 23 Oct 1998         Bradford R. Huther (acting)
23 Oct 1998 - 2001         Kenneth Prewitt                    (b. 1936)
20 Jan 2001 - 13 Mar 2002  William G. Barron, Jr. (acting)    (b. 1946) 
13 Mar 2002 -  4 Jan 2008  Charles Louis Kincannon (3rd time) (s.a.)
 4 Jan 2008 -  9 Jan 2009  Steve H. Murdock                   (b. 1948)
 9 Jan 2009 - 22 Jul 2009  Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Jr.          (b. 1946)
                            
(1st time) (acting)
22 Jul 2009 - 12 Aug 2012  Robert M. Groves                   (b. 1948)
12 Aug 2012
-  8 Aug 2013  Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Jr.          (s.a.)
                            
(2nd time) (acting)
 8 Aug 2013 -              John H. Thompson                   (b. c.1951)


U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

[Patent and Trademark Office
                (PTO) flag]

Patent and Trademark Office (PTO)

10 Apr 1790 - 21 Feb 1793  Patent Board (consisting of Secretaries of State, War
                             and the Attorney General).
21 Feb 1793 -  1 Jun 1802  Secretary of State also the Commissioner of Patents.

 1 Jun 1802                Patent and Trademark Office within Department of State
 3 Mar 1849                Transferred to the Department of Interior.
 1 Jul 1862                Agricultural section of the Patent Office separated
                             and formed as
Department of Agriculture.
 1 Apr 1925                Transferred to the Department of Commerce. 
 2 Jan 1975                Renamed U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Commissioners
10 Apr 1790 - 21 Feb 1793  Patent Board
21 Feb 1793 -  1 Jun 1802  the Secretaries of State
Chiefs of Patents
(unofficially titled
Superintendents)
 1 Jun 1802 - 28 Mar 1828  William Thornton                   (b. 1761 - d. 1828)
12 Apr 1828 - 10 Jun 1829  Thomas P. Jones                    (b. 1774 - d. 1848)

11 Jun 1829 -  1 Jan 1830
 John D. Craig                      (b. 1766 - d. 1846)
Superintendents of Patents
 1 Jan 1830 - 31 Jan 1835  John D. Craig                      (s.a.)
 1 Feb 1835 - 30 Apr 1835  James Chamberlayne Pickett         (b. 1795 - d. 1872)
 1 May 1835 -  1 Jul 1835  Thomas Johns (acting)
 1 Jul 1835 - 11 Jul 1836  Henry Leavitt Ellsworth            (b. 1791 - d. 1858)
Commissioners of Patents (and from 1975 Trademarks)
11 Jul 1836 -  6 May 1845  Henry Leavitt Ellsworth            (s.a.)
 7 May 1845 - 10 May 1849  Edmund Burke                       (b. 1809 - d. 1882)

10 May 1849 -  8 Nov 1852  Thomas Ewbank                      (b. 1792 - d. 1870)
 8 Nov 1852 - 25 Mar 1853  Silas Henry Hodges                 (b. 1804 - d. 1875)

25 Mar 1853 - May 1853     Charles Weightman (acting)
16 May 1853 -  4 Aug 1857  Charles Mason                      (b. 1804 - d. 1882)

10 Sep 1857 - 14 Mar 1859  Joseph Holt                        (b. 1807 - d. 1894)
15 Mar 1859 - 22 May 1861  Samuel T. Shugert (1st time)(acting)
23 May 1859 - 15 Feb 1860  William Darius Bishop              (b. 1827 - d. 1904)

16 Feb 1860 - 10 Dec 1860  Philip Francis Thomas              (b. 1810 - d. 1890)

14 Dec 1860 - 27 Mar 1861  Samuel T. Shugert (2nd time)(acting)
28 Mar 1861 - 16 Aug 1865  David P. Holloway                  (b. 1809 - d. 1883)
16 Aug 1865 - 20 Jan 1868  Thomas Clarke Theaker              (b. 1812 - d. 1883)
20 Jan 1868 - 24 Jul 1868  A.M. Stout (acting)
 1 Aug 1868 - 25 Apr 1869  Elisha Foote                       (b. 1809 - d. 1883)
26 Apr 1869 - 10 Nov 1870  Samuel Sparks Fisher               (b. 1832 - d. 1874)
10 Nov 1870 - 16 Jan 1871  Samuel A. Duncan (acting)          (b. 1836 - d. 1895)
16 Jan 1871 - 31 Oct 1874  Mortimer D. Leggett                (b. 1821 - d. 1896)
 1 Nov 1874 - 30 Sep 1875  John Marshall Thacher              (b. 1836 - d. 1897)
 1 Oct 1875 - 31 Dec 1876  Robert Holland Duell               (b. 1824 - d. 1891)
29 Jan 1877 - 31 Oct 1878  Ellis Spear                        (b. 1834 - d. 1917)
 1 Nov 1878 -  6 May 1880  Halbert Eleazer Paine              (b. 1826 - d. 1905)
 7 May 1880 - 31 Oct 1883  Edgar M. Marble                    (b. 1838 - d. 1908)
 1 Nov 1883 -  3 Mar 1885  Benjamin Butterworth (1st time)    (b. 1837 - d. 1898)
18 Mar 1885 - 11 Apr 1887  Martin Van Buren Montgomery        (b. 1840 - d. 1898)
11 Apr 1887 - 31 Mar 1889  Benton Jay Hall                    (b. 1835 - d. 1894)
 1 Apr 1889 - 31 Jul 1891  Charles Elliott Mitchell           (b. 1837 - d. 1911)
 1 Aug 1891 - 15 Apr 1893  William Edgar Simonds              (b. 1842 - d. 1907)
16 Apr 1893 - 12 Apr 1897  John Sammis Seymour                (b. 1848 - d. 1931)
13 Apr 1897 - 16 Jan 1898  Benjamin Butterworth (2nd time)    (s.a.)
 5 Feb 1898 - 31 Mar 1901  Charles Holland Duell              (b. 1850 - d. 1920)
 1 Apr 1901 - 31 Mar 1907  Frederick Innes Allen              (b. 1859 - d. 1938)
 1 Jun 1907 - 14 Aug 1913  Edward Bruce Moore                 (b. 1851 - d. 1915)
15 Aug 1913 - 15 Aug 1917  Thomas Ewing III                   (b. 1862 - d. 1942)
27 Aug 1917 - 19 Jun 1920  James T. Newton                    (b. 1861 - d. 1935)
10 Aug 1920 -  5 Feb 1921  Robert Frederick Whitehead         (b. 1869 - d. 1951)
 3 Mar 1921 -  5 Apr 1921  Melvin H. Coulston                 (b. 1877 - d. 1952)
 6 Apr 1921 - 25 Jun 1933  Thomas E. Robertson                (b. 1871 - d. 1957)
26 Jun 1933 - 15 Jun 1945  Conway Payton Coe                  (b. 1897 - d. 1982)
20 Jul 1945 -  9 Sep 1947  Casper W. Ooms                     (b. 1902 - d. 1961)
10 Sep 1947 -  2 Dec 1949  Lawrence C. Kingsland              (b. 1884 - d. 19..)
 2 Dec 1949 -  3 Feb 1953  John A. Marzall
18 Feb 1953 -  1 Mar 1961  Robert C. Watson
17 Apr 1961 -  1 Oct 1963  David Lowell Ladd                  (b. 1926 - d. 1994)
11 Mar 1964 -  6 May 1969  Edward J. Brenner                  (b. 1923 - d. 1992)
 7 May 1969 - 25 Aug 1971  William E. Schuyler, Jr.           (b. 1913? - d. 2007)
25 Aug 1971 - 20 Jun 1973  Robert Gottschalk                  (b. 1911 - d. ....)  
                             (acting to 7 Jan 1972)
11 Feb 1974 - 31 Aug 1977  C. Marshall Dann                   (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
31 Aug 1977 -  5 Jun 1978  Lutrelle F. P
arker, Sr. (acting)   (b. 1924 - d. 1994)
 5 Jun 1978 - 30 Jun 1979  Donald W. Banner                   (b. 1924 - d. 2006)
29 Nov 1979 - 17 Jan 1981  Sidney A. Diamond                  (b. 1914 - d. 1983)
 8 Jul 1981 - 21 Jan 1985  Gerald J. Mossinghoff              (b. 1935)
17 Oct 1985 - 31 Oct 1989  Donald J. Quigg                    (b. 1916 - d. 2014)
Nov 1989 - Mar 1990        Jeffrey M. Samuels (1st time)
                             (acting)
12 Mar 1990 -  1 May 1992  Harry F. Manbeck, Jr.              (b. 1926)
May 1992 - Jan 1993
       Jeffrey M. Samuels (1st time)
                             (acting)

11 Aug 1993 - 31 Dec 1998  Bruce A. Lehman                    (b. 1945)
31 Dec 1998 - 19 Jan 2001  Q. Todd Dickinson                  (b. 1952)
                             (acting to Nov 1999)
Jan 2001 - 29 Mar 2005     Nicholas P. Godici                 (b. 1950)
                             (acting to 2003)

Apr 2005 - Nov 2008        John J. Doll (1st time)
                             (acting to 17 Aug 2005)
Nov 2008 - 13 Aug 2009     Margaret A. "Peggy" Focarino (f)   (b. 1955)
                             (1st time)(acting)
13 Aug 2009 -
  5 Oct 2009  John J. Doll (2nd time)
 5 Oct 2009 - 31 Dec 2011  Robert L. Stoll                    (b. 1963?)
 1 Jan 2012 - 
            Margaret A. "Peggy" Focarino (f)   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

Under Secretaries of Commerce for Intellectual Property and
Directors of U.S. Patent & Trademark Office

10 Dec 2001 -  9 Jan 2004  James E. Rogan                     (b. 1957)
2004 - 20 Jan 2009         Jon W. Dudas (acting to Jul 2004)
20 Jan 2009 -
13 Aug 2009  John J. Doll (acting)
13 Aug 2009 -  1 Feb 2013  David J. Kappos                    (b. 1961)
 1 Feb 2013 - 21 Nov 2013  Teresa Stanek Rea (f) (acting)
21 Nov 2013 - 13 Jan 2014 
Margaret A. "Peggy" Focarino (f)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
13 Jan 2014 -              Michelle K. Lee (f)(acting)


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

[U.S.
                      Coast and Geodetic Survey flag, 1899-1970]
    U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey Flag
                  1899 - 1970
[National
                      Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
                      Service Flag]
           NOAA Flag Adopted 1970

NOAA

10 Feb 1807                U.S. Survey of the Coast (work begun 3 Aug 1816).
14 Apr 1818 -  9 Aug 1832  Operations suspended.
10 Jul 1832                Survey revived (with Department of Treasury).
11 Mar 1834                Transferred to the Department of the Navy.
27 Mar 1836                Returned to Treasury Department; renamed U.S. Coastal
                             Survey.
20 Jun 1878                Renamed U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.
14 Feb 1903                Transferred to the Department of Commerce and Labor.
 4 Mar 1913                Part of the Department of Commerce.
13 Jul 1965                Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) created
                             (combining Coast & Geodetic Survey and Weather Bureau).
 3 Oct 1970                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Superintendents of the Coastal Survey 
(from 1878, Coast and Geodetic Survey)
 3 Aug 1816 - 14 Apr 1818  Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler          (b. 1770 - d. 1843)
                             (1st time)
 9 Aug 1832 - 20 Nov 1843  Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
11 Dec 1843 - 17 Feb 1867  Alexander Dallas Bache             (b. 1806 - d. 1867)
1864 - Feb 1867            Julius Erasmus Hilgard             (b. 1825 - d. 1890)
                             (acting for Bache)
26 Feb 1867 - 1874         Benjamin Peirce                    (b. 1809 - d. 1880)
1874 - 15 Aug 1881         Carlile Pollock Patterson          (b. 1816 - d. 1881)
Aug 1881 - Jul 1885        Julius Erasmus Hilgard             (s.a.)
Jul 1885 - 1889            Frank Manly Thorn                  (b. 1836 - d. 1889)
 9 Jul 1889 - 20 Sep 1894  Thomas Corwin Menderhall           (b. 1841 - d. 1924)
Sep 1894 - 30 Nov 1897     William Ward Duffield              (b. 1804 - d. 1907)
 1 Dec 1897 - 30 Nov 1900  Henry Smith Pritchett              (b. 1857 - d. 1939)
 1 Dec 1880 - 15 Apr 1915  Otto Hilgard Tittmann              (b. 1850 - d. 1938)
15 Apr 1915 - 1919         Ernest Lester Jones                (b. 1876 - d. 1929)
Directors of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey

(from 1965, Deputy Administrators of ESSA)
1919 -  9 Apr 1929         Ernest Lester Jones                (s.a.)
29 Apr 1929 -  5 Nov 1937  Raymond Stanton Patton             (b. 1882 - d. 1937)
1938 -  7 Apr 1950         Leo Otis Colbert                   (b. 1883 - d. 1968)
May 1950 - Aug 1955        Robert Francis Anthony Studds      (b. 1896 - d. 1962)
13 Aug 1955 - 12 Jul 1965  H. Arnold Karo                     (b. 1903 - d. 1986) 
13 Jul 1965 -  1 Apr 1968  James C. Tison, Jr.                (b. 1908 - d. 1991) 
                             (acting to 1 Sep 1965) 
Apr 1968 - 1970            Don A. Jones
Administrator of Environmental Science Services Administration
1965 -  3 Oct 1970         Robert M. White                    (b. 1923)
Administrators of NOAA and Under Secretaries of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere
 3 Oct 1970 - Jul 1977     Robert M. White                    (s.a.)
                             (acting to Dec 1971)
Jul 1977 - Jan 1981        Richard A. Frank                   (b. 1936 - d. 2014)
Jul 1981 - Oct 1984        John Vincent Byrne                 (b. 1928)
Oct 1984 - Sep 1987        Anthony J. Calio                   (b. 1929 - d. 2012)
Sep 1987 - Jul 1989        William E. Evans                   (b. 1930 - d. 2010)
                             (acting to Apr 1988)
Aug 1989 - Mar 1993        John A. Knauss                     (b. 1925)
May 1993 - Jan 2001        D. James Baker                     (b. 1937)
Jan 2001 - 19 Dec 2001     Scott B. Gudes (acting)
19 Dec 2001 - 31 Oct 2008  Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr.        (b. 1942)
 1 Nov 2008 - 20 Jan 2009  William J. Brennan (acting)
20 Jan 2009 - 20 Mar 2009  Mary M. Glackin (f)(acting)
20 Mar 2009 - 
28 Feb 2013  Jane Lubchenco (f)                 (b. 1947)
28 Feb 2013 -              Kathryn D. Sullivan                (b. 1951)
                             (acting to 6 Mar 2014)


National Weather Service (NWS)

Weather Service

 9 Feb 1870                Army Weather Bureau (within Army Signal Corps).
 1 Oct 1890                Weather Bureau (within Department of Agriculture).
 3 Jun 1940                Transferred to the Department of Commerce.
13 Jul 1965                Part of Environmental Science Services Administration.
Jan 1966                   Renamed National Weather Service.
 3 Oct 1970                National Weather Service of NOAA.

Directors
1870 - 1880                Albert James Meyer                 (b. 1829 - d. 1880)
1880 - 1887                William Babcock Hazen              (b. 1830 - d. 1887) 
1887 - 1891                Adolphus Washington Greely         (b. 1844 - d. 1935) 
1891 - 1895                Mark Walrod Harrington             (b. 1848 - d. 1926)
Chiefs
1895 - 1913                Willis Luther Moore                (b. 1856 - d. 1927)
1913 - 1934                Charles Frederick Marvin           (b. 1858 - d. 1943)
1934 - 1938                Willis Ray Gregg                   (b. 1880 - d. 1938)
1938 - 1963                Francis Wilton Reichelderfer       (b. 1895 - d. 1983)
1963 - 1965                Robert M. White                    (b. 1923)
Directors and (from 1970) NOAA Assistant Administrators
1965 - 1979                George P. Cressman                 (b. 1919 - d. 2008)
Feb 1979 - Mar 1988        Richard E. Hallgren                (b. 1932)
Mar 1988 - Jun 1997        Elbert "Joe" W. Friday, Jr.        (b. 1939)
Jun 1997 - 26 Feb 1998     Robert Winokur (acting)
26 Feb 1998 -  9 Jan 2004  John "Jack" J. Kelly, Jr.
 9 Jan 2004 - 12 Jun 2007  David L. Johnson
12 Jun 2007 -  2 Sep 2007  Mary M. Glackin (f) (acting)
 2 Sep 2007 - 29 May 2012  John "Jack" L. Hayes
29 May 2012 - 10 Feb 2013  Laura Furgione (f)(acting)         (b. c.1971)
10 Feb 2013 -              Louis W. Uccellini                 (b. 1949)


NOAA Commissioned Corps

[NOAA Commissioned
                  Corps flag]
                  Adopted 7 Mar 2002 

NOAA Commissioned Corps

22 May 1917                Commissioned Officer Corps of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.
13 Jul 1965                ESSA Commissioned Corps
 3 Oct 1970                NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps.

Superintendent
22 May 1917 - 1919         the Superintendent of the U.S. Coast
                           and Geodetic Survey

Directors

1919 - 12 Jul 1965         the Directors of the U.S. Coast
                           and Geodetic Survey

13 Jul 1965 - 1970         the Deputy Administrators of Environmental
                           Science Services Administration

                           (former Directors of the U.S. Coast
                           and Geodetic Survey)

1970 -  1 Jan 1981         Harley D. Nygren                   (b. 1924)
1981 - 1986                Kelly E. Taggart                   (b. c.1932)
1986 - 1990                Francis D. Moran                   (b. 1935)
1990 – 1994                Sigmund R. Petersen
22 May 1995 -  1 Mar 1999  William L. Stubblefield            (b. 1940)
27 Jul 1999 –  1 Dec 2003  Evelyn J. Fields (f)               (b. 1949)
 2 Aug 2004 – 30 Sep 2007  Samuel P. De Bow, Jr.
 1 Oct 2007 - 30 Sep 2012  Jonathan W. Bailey
 1 Oct 2012 -  2 Jan 2014  Michael S. Devany
 2 Jan 2014 -              David A. Score



Department of Labor

[Flag of
                      Secretary of Department of Labor 1915]               15 Oct 1915 - 19..
[Department of Labor former
                      flag to 1960]                          19.. - 1960
[Department of Labor flag]                         Adopted 1960

Department of Labor (DOL)

 4 Mar 1913                Department of Labor

Secretaries
 5 Mar 1913 -  5 Mar 1921  William B. Wilson                  (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
 5 Mar 1921 -  9 Dec 1930  James J. Davis                     (b. 1873 - d. 1947)
 9 Dec 1930 -  4 Mar 1933  William N. Doak                    (b. 1882 - d. 1933)
 4 Mar 1933 - 30 Jun 1945  Frances Perkins (f)                (b. 1880 - d. 1965)
 1 Jul 1945 - 10 Jun 1948  Lewis B. Schwellenbach             (b. 1894 - d. 1948)
11 Jun 1948 - 13 Aug 1948  David A. Morse (acting)            (b. 1907 - d. 1990)
13 Aug 1948 - 20 Jan 1953  Maurice J. Tobin                   (b. 1901 - d. 1953)
                             (acting to 1 Feb 1949)
21 Jan 1953 -  8 Oct 1953  Martin P. Durkin                   (b. 1894 - d. 1955)
 9 Oct 1953 - 20 Jan 1961  James P. Mitchell                  (b. 1900 - d. 1964)
                             (acting to 19 Jan 1954)
21 Jan 1961 - 25 Sep 1962  Arthur J. Goldberg                 (b. 1908 - d. 1990)
25 Sep 1962 - 20 Jan 1969  W. Willard Wirtz                   (b. 1912 - d. 2010)
21 Jan 1969 -  2 Jul 1970  George Shultz                      (b. 1920)
 2 Jul 1970 -  2 Feb 1973  James D. Hodgson                   (b. 1915 - d. 2012)
 2 Feb 1973 - 18 Mar 1975  Peter J. Brennan                   (b. 1918 - d. 1996)
18 Mar 1975 - 10 Feb 1976  John T. Dunlop                     (b. 1914 - d. 2003)
10 Feb 1976 - 20 Jan 1977  Willie J. Usery, Jr.               (b. 1923)
20 Jan 1977 - 26 Jan 1977  Alfred G. Albert (acting)          (b. 19.. - d. 2005)
26 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Ray Marshall                       (b. 1928)
20 Jan 1981 -  4 Feb 1981  Alfred M. Zuck (acting)            (b. 1934)
 4 Feb 1981 - 15 Mar 1985  Raymond J. Donovan                 (b. 1930)
                             (on leave from 1 Oct 1984)
 1 Oct 1984 - 29 Apr 1985  Ford B. Ford                       (b. 1922)
                             (acting [for Donovan to 15 Mar 1985])
29 Apr 1985 - 31 Oct 1987  William E. Brock III               (b. 1930)
31 Oct 1987 - 14 Dec 1987  Dennis E. Whitfield (1st time)     (b. 1948)
                             (acting)
14 Dec 1987 - 20 Jan 1989  Ann D. McLaughlin (f)              (b. 1941)
20 Jan 1989 - 25 Jan 1989  Dennis E. Whitfield (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting)
25 Jan 1989 - 24 Nov 1990  Elizabeth Dole (f)                 (b. 1936)
24 Nov 1990 -  7 Feb 1991  Roderick A. DeArment (acting)      (b. 1948)
 7 Feb 1991 - 20 Jan 1993  Lynn Martin (f)                    (b. 1939)
22 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 1997  Robert Reich                       (b. 1946)
20 Jan 1997 -  9 May 1997  Cynthia A. Metzler (f)(acting)
 9 May 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Alexis Herman (f)                  (b. 1947)
20 Jan 2001 - 29 Jan 2001  Henry L. Solano (acting)           (b. 1950?)
29 Jan 2001 - 20 Jan 2009  Elaine Lan Chao (f)                (b. 1953)
20 Jan 2009 -  2 Feb 2009  Howard M. Radzely (acting)         (b. 1970)
 2 Feb 2009 - 24 Feb 2009  Edward C. Hugler (acting)          (b. 1950)
24 Feb 2009 - 22 Jan 2013  Hilda L. Solis (f)                 (b. 1957)
23 Jan 2013 - 23 Jul 2013  Seth D. Harris (acting)            (b. 1962)
23 Jul 2013 -              Thomas E. Perez                    (b. 1961)



Department of Housing and Urban Development

[Department of Housing and
                Urban Development flag]
                  Adopted 13 Jan 1967

Department of Housing and Urban Development  (HUD)

 9 Sep 1965                Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

Secretaries
18 Jan 1966 -  2 Jan 1969  Robert C. Weaver                   (b. 1907 - d. 1997)
 2 Jan 1969 - 20 Jan 1969  Robert C. Wood (acting)            (b. 1923 - d. 2005)
21 Jan 1969 -  2 Feb 1973  George W. Romney                   (b. 1907 - d. 1995)
 2 Feb 1973 - 10 Mar 1975  James T. Lynn                      (b. 1927 - d. 2010)
10 Mar 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  Carla A. Hills (f)                 (b. 1934)
21 Jan 1977 -  3 Aug 1979  Patricia Roberts Harris (f)        (b. 1924 - d. 1985)
 3 Aug 1979 - 14 Sep 1979  Jay Janis (acting)                 (b. 1932 - d. 1992)
14 Sep 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  Moon Landrieu                      (b. 1930)
23 Jan 1981 - 20 Jan 1989  Samuel R. Pierce, Jr.              (b. 1922 - d. 2000)
20 Jan 1989 - 13 Feb 1989  J. Michael Dorsey (acting)         (b. 1943)
13 Feb 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Jack F. Kemp                       (b. 1935 - d. 2009)
22 Jan 1993 - 29 Jan 1997  Henry G. Cisneros                  (b. 1947)
29 Jan 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Andrew M. Cuomo                    (b. 1957)
20 Jan 2001 - 24 Jan 2001  William C. Apgar, Jr. (acting)
24 Jan 2001 -  9 Dec 2003  Mel R. Martinez                    (b. 1946)
 9 Dec 2003 - 18 Apr 2008  Alphonso Jackson                   (b. 1945)
                             (acting to 31 Mar 2004)
19 Apr 2008 -  5 Jun 2008  Roy A. Bernardi (acting)           (b. 1942)
 5 Jun 2008 - 20 Jan 2009  Steven C. Preston                  (b. 1960)
20 Jan 2009 - 26 Jan 2009  Brian D. Montgomery (acting)       (b. 1956)
26 Jan 2009 - 28 Jul 2014  Shaun L.S. Donovan                 (b. 1966)
28 Jul 2014 -              Julián Castro                      (b. 1974)



Department of Transportation

[Department of Transportation flag
                      1967-1980]
            1 Apr 1968 - Jan 1980
[Department of Transportation flag]
                Adopted Jan 1980

Department of Transportation (DOT)

15 Oct 1966                Department of Transportation

Secretaries
16 Jan 1967 - 20 Jan 1969  Alan S. Boyd                       (b. 1922)
21 Jan 1969 -  2 Feb 1973  John A. Volpe                      (b. 1908 - d. 1994)
 2 Feb 1973 -  2 Feb 1975  Claude S. Brinegar                 (b. 1926 - d. 2009)
 2 Feb 1975 -  6 Mar 1975  John W. Barnum (acting)
 
7 Mar 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  William T. Coleman, Jr.            (b. 1920)
21 Jan 1977 - 20 Jul 1979  Brockman Adams                     (b. 1927 - d. 2004)
21 Jul 1979 - 15 Aug 1979  W. Graham Clayton, Jr. (acting)    (b. 1912 - d. 1994)
15 Aug 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  Neil E. Goldschmidt                (b. 1940)
                             (acting to 21 Sep 1979)
23 Jan 1981 -  1 Feb 1983  Andrew "Drew" L. Lewis, Jr.        (b. 1931)
 1 Feb 1983 -  7 Feb 1983  Darrell M. Trent (acting)          (b. 1938)
 7 Feb 1983 - 30 Sep 1987  Elizabeth Dole (f)                 (b. 1936)
 1 Oct 1987 - 20 Jan 1989  James H. Burnley IV                (b. 1948)
                             (acting to 2 Dec 1987)
20 Jan 1989 -  6 Feb 1989  Mimi Weyforth Dawson (f) (acting)  (b. 1944)
 6 Feb 1989 - 14 Dec 1991  Samuel K. Skinner                  (b. 1938)
14 Dec 1991 - 24 Feb 1992  James B. Busey IV (acting)         (b. 1932)
24 Feb 1992 - 20 Jan 1993  Andrew H. Card, Jr.                (b. 1947)
21 Jan 1993 - 14 Feb 1997  Federico F. Peña                   (b. 1947)
14 Feb 1997 - 20 Jan 2001  Rodney E. Slater                   (b. 1955)
20 Jan 2001 - 25 Jan 2001  Mortimer L. Downey (acting)        (b. 1936)
25 Jan 2001 -  7 Jul 2006  Norman Y. Mineta                   (b. 1931)
 8 Jul 2006 - 17 Oct 2006  Maria Cino (f) (acting)            (b. 1957)
17 Oct 2006 - 20 Jan 2009  Mary Peters (f)                    (b. 1948)
20 Jan 2009 - 23 Jan 2009  Thomas J. Barrett (acting)         (b. 1947)
23 Jan 2009 -  2 Jul 2013  Raymond "Ray" H. LaHood            (b. 1945)
 2 Jul 2013 -              Anthony Foxx                       (b. 1971)  


Federal Aviation Administration

[Flag
                      of Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) 1958-1967]
                         1958 - 1967
[Flag of
                      Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)]
               Adopted 20 May 1963

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

20 May 1926                Aeronautics Branch of the Department of Commerce.
 1 Jul 1934                Bureau of Air Commerce under Department of Commerce.
22 Aug 1938                Civil Aeronautics Authority (independent agency).
30 Jun 1940                Civil Aeronautics Administration under Department of Commerce.
31 Dec 1958                Federal Aviation Agency (independent agency).
 1 Apr 1967                Federal Aviation Administration under Department of
                             Transportation.

Assistant Secretaries of Commerce for Aeronautics
11 Aug 1926 -  1 Oct 1929  William Patterson MacCracken, Jr.  (b. 1888 - d. 1969)
 1 Oct 1929 - 15 Jun 1933  Clarence Marshall Young            (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
Director of Aeronautics
19 Sep 1933 - 30 Jun 1934  Eugene Luther Vidal                (b. 1895 - d. 1969)
Directors of Air Commerce
 1 Jul 1934 - 28 Feb 1937  Eugene Luther Vidal                (s.a.)
 1 Mar 1937 - 15 Apr 1938  Frederick D. Fagg, Jr.             (b. 1896 - d. 1981)
16 Apr 1938 - 21 Aug 1938  Denis Mulligan                     (b. 1900 - d. 1983)
Chairmen of
Civil Aeronautics Authority
22 Aug 1938 - 12 Apr 1939  Edward John Noble                  (b. 1882 - d. 1958)
12 Apr 1939 - 30 Jun 1940  Robert Henry Hinckley              (b. 1891 - d. 1988)
Administrator of Bureau of Air Commerce
22 Aug 1934 - 30 Jun 1940  Clinton Monroe Hester              (b. 1895 - d. 1971)
Administrators of Civil Aeronautics
11 Jul 1940 - 15 Jan 1942  Donald Hilary Connolly             (b. 1886 - d. 1969)
20 Jul 1942 - 23 Sep 1944  Charles Ingram Stanton             (b. 1893 - d. 1986)
23 Sep 1944 -  1 Mar 1948  Theodore Paul Wright               (b. 1895 - d. 1970)
 1 Jun 1948 -  4 Oct 1950  Delos W. Rentzel                   (b. 1909 - d. 1991)
 4 Oct 1950 - 18 May 1951  Donald W. Nyrop                    (b. 1912 - d. 2010)
18 May 1951 -  6 Mar 1953  Charles Frederick Horne            (b. 1906 - d. ....)
27 Apr 1953 - 10 Dec 1955  Frederick B. Lee
12 Dec 1955 -  5 Sep 1956  Charles J. Lowen, Jr.              (b. 1915 - d. 1956)
26 Dec 1956 - 30 Dec 1958  James T. Pyle                      (b. 1913 - d. 1998)
Administrators of FAA 
31 Dec 1958 - 20 Jan 1961  Elwood R. Quesada                  (b. 1904 - d. 1993)
20 Jan 1961 -  3 Mar 1961  James T. Pyle (acting)             (s.a.)
 3 Mar 1961 -  1 Jul 1965  Najeeb E. Halaby                   (b. 1915 - d. 2003)
 1 Jul 1965 - 31 Jul 1968  William F. McKee                   (b. 1906 - d. 1987)
31 Jul 1968 - 24 Mar 1969  David D. Thomas (acting)
24 Mar 1969 - 14 Mar 1973  John H. Shaffer                    (b. 1919 - d. 1997)
14 Mar 1973 - 31 Mar 1975  Alexander P. Butterfield           (b. 1926)
31 Mar 1975 - 24 Nov 1975  James E. Dow (acting)              (b. 1921? - d. 1988)
24 Nov 1975 -  1 Apr 1977  John L. McLucas                    (b. 1920 - d. 2002)
 1 Apr 1977 -  4 May 1977  Quentin S. Taylor (acting)         (b. 1936 - d. 2010)
 4 May 1977 - 20 Jan 1981  Langhorne McCook Bond              (b. 1937)
20 Jan 1981 - 22 Apr 1981  Charles E. Weithoner (acting)      (b. 1931 - d. 2011)
22 Apr 1981 - 31 Jan 1984  J. Lynn Helms                      (b. 1925 - d. 2011)
31 Jan 1984 - 10 Apr 1984  Michael J. Fenello (acting)        (b. 1916 - d. 1997)
10 Apr 1984 -  2 Jul 1987  Donald D. Engen                    (b. 1924 - d. 1999)
 2 Jul 1987 - 22 Jul 1987  Robert E. Whittington (1st time)   (b. 1929 - d. 2012)
                             (acting)
22 Jul 1987 - 17 Feb 1989  T. Allan McArtor                   (b. 1942)
17 Feb 1989 - 30 Jun 1989  Robert E. Whittington (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)

30 Jun 1989 -  4 Dec 1991  James B. Busey IV                  (b. 1932)
 4 Dec 1991 - 27 Jun 1992  Barry L. Harris (acting)
27 Jun 1992 - 20 Jan 1993  Thomas C. Richards                 (b. 1930)
20 Jan 1993 - 10 Aug 1993  Joseph M. Del Balzo (acting)
10 Aug 1993 -  9 Nov 1996  David R. Hinson                    (b. 1933)
 9 Nov 1996 - 31 Jan 1997  Linda Hall Daschle (f) (acting)    (b. 1955)
 1 Feb 1997 -  4 Aug 1997  Barry L. Valentine (acting)
 4 Aug 1997 -  2 Aug 2002  Jane F. Garvey (f)                 (b. 1944)
 2 Aug 2002 - 13 Sep 2002  Monte R. Belger (acting)
13 Sep 2002 - 13 Sep 2007  Marion Blakey (f)                  (b. 1948)
13 Sep 2007 - 16 Jan 2009  Robert "Bobby" Sturgell (acting)   (b. 1959?)
16 Jan 2009 -  1 Jun 2009  Lynne A. Osmus (f) (acting)
 1 Jun 2009 -  6 Dec 2011  J. Randolph "Randy" Babbitt        (b. 1946)
 6 Dec 2011 -              Michael P. Huerta
                 (b. 1956) 
                             (acting to 9 Jan 2013)    


Maritime Administration (and Merchant Marine)
 
[ U.S.
                          Shipping Board flag 1917-33]
            U.S. Shipping Board Flag 
                       1917 - 1933
[ U.S.
                          Shipping Board Bureau flag 1933-36]
       U.S. Shipping Board Bureau Flag 
                      1933 - 1936
[U.S.
                          Maritime Commission flag 1936-1950]
          Maritime Commission Flag
                     1936 - 1950
   
[U.S. Maritime
                          Administration flag]
       Maritime Administration Flag
Adopted 27 Dec 1950
[ U.S.
                          Maritime Service Flag 1938-1954]
          U.S. Maritime Service Flag 
                     1938 - 1954
[U.S. Merchant
                          Marine flag]
         U.S. Merchant Marine Flag 
            Adopted 24 May 1994

Maritime Administration (MARAD)

12 Jun 1775                U.S. Merchant Marine founded (no central administration).
 7 Sep 1916                U.S. Shipping Board created (inaugurated 30 Jan 1917).
10 Aug 1933                Redesignated as the U.S. Shipping Board Bureau.
 2 Mar 1934 - 29 Jun 1936  Within the Department of Commerce.
29 Jun 1936                U.S. Maritime Commission
15 Mar 1938                U.S. Merchant Marine Cadet Corps officially founded.
 7 Feb 1942 -  1 Sep 1946  Fleet operations transferred to War Shipping Administration (WSA).
24 May 1950                Maritime Administration (MARAD)(under Department of Commerce).
 6 Aug 1981                Under the Department of Transportation.

Chairmen of the U.S. Shipping Board 
Jan 1917 - Jul 1917        William Denman                     (b. 1872 - d. 1959)
Jul 1917 - 31 Jul 1919     Edward Nash Hurley                 (b. 1864 - d. 1933)
1919 - 1920                John B. Payne
13 Mar 1920 -  4 Mar 1921  William Shepherd Benson            (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
Jun 1921 - Jun 1923        Albert Davis Lasker                (b. 1880 - d. 1952)
Jun 1923 - Dec 1923        Edward Philip Farley               (b. 1886 - d. 1956)
Feb 1924 -  4 Mar 1933     Thomas Ventry O'Connor             (b. 1870 - d. 1935)
1933 - 10 Aug 1933         Hutch Ingham Cone                  (b. 1871 - d. 1941)
Directors of the Shipping Board Bureau
10 Aug 1933 - 1934         Hutch Ingham Cone                  (b. 1871 - d. 1941)
1934  (4 months)           Henry H. Heimann                   (b. 1891 - d. 1958)    
25 Aug 1934 - 25 Sep 1936  James C. Peacock                   (b. 1888 - d. 1977)
Chairmen of the
U.S. Maritime Commission
26 Sep 1936 - 15 Apr 1937  Henry Aristo Wiley                 (b. 1867 - d. 1943)
16 Apr 1937 - 17 Feb 1938  Joseph Patrick Kennedy             (b. 1888 - d. 1969)
18 Feb 1938 - 15 Jan 1946  Emory Scott Land                   (b. 1879 - d. 1971)
                            (also Administrator of War Shipping
                             Administration
7 Feb 1942 - 1 Sep 1946)
 3 Jun 1946 - 16 Apr 1949  William Ward Smith                 (b. 1888 - d. 1966)
16 Apr 1949 -  6 Jun 1949  J. Grenville Mellen (acting)       (b. 1888 - d. 1960)
 6 Jun 1949 - 23 May 1950  Philip B. Fleming                  (b. 1877 - d. 1955)
Maritime Administrators
24 May 1950 -  7 Aug 1950  John T. Koehler (acting)           (b. 1904 - d. 1989)
 7 Aug 1950 -  1 Oct 1952  Edward L. Cochrane                 (b. 1892 - d. 1959)
 2 Oct 1952 - 30 Jun 1953  Albert W. Gatov                    (b. 1907 - d. 1978)
 1 Jul 1953 - 25 Feb 1955  Louis S. Rothschild                (b. 1900 - d. 1984)
16 Mar 1955 -  1 May 1960  Clarence G. Morse                  (b. 1904 - d. 1985)
 1 May 1960 -  1 Jul 1960  Walter C. Ford (acting)            (b. 1903 - d. 1999)
 1 Jul 1960 - 22 Feb 1961  Ralph E. Wilson                    (b. 1902 - d. 1990)
23 Feb 1961 -  8 Oct 1961  Thomas E. Staken
 9 Oct 1961 - 31 Oct 1963  Donald W. Alexander
31 Oct 1963 -  2 Mar 1964  James W. Gulick (1st time)(acting)
 2 Mar 1964 - 30 Jun 1966  Nicholas Johnson                   (b. 1934)
30 Jun 1966 - Mar 1969     James W. Gulick (2nd time)(acting)
25 Mar 1969 -  6 Jul 1972  Andrew E. Gibson                   (b. 1922 - d. 2001)
 7 Jul 1972 -  9 Apr 1979  Robert J. Blackwell                (b. 1925)
 9 Apr 1979 - 31 Jul 1981  Samuel B. Nemirow (acting to 1980) (b. 1940)
1981                       Warren G. Leback
(1st time)(acting)(b. 1924)
19 Oct 1981 - 31 May 1985  Harold E. Shear                    (b. 1918 - d. 1999)
1985                       Garrett E. Brown, Jr. (acting)     (b. 1943)
26 Nov 1985 - 26 Mar 1989  John A. Gaughan                    (b. 1947)
1989                       William A. Creelman (acting)
11 Oct 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Warren G. Leback (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1993                       Richard E. Bowman (acting)
1993                       Joan B. Yim (f) (acting)
14 Sep 1993 - 30 Jun 1997  Albert J. Herberger                (b. 1931)
30 Jun 1997 -  6 Aug 1998  John E. Graykowski (1st time)
                             (acting)
 6 Aug 1998 - Jan 2000     Clyde J. Hart, Jr.                 (b. 1946)
Jan 2000 - 2001            John E. Graykowski (2nd time)
                             (acting)
2001 -  6 Dec 2001         Bruce Carlton (acting)
 6 Dec 2001 - 12 Feb 2005  William G. Schubert                (b. 1954)
12 Feb 2005 -  1 May 2006  John E. Jamian (acting)
 1 May 2006 -  6 Sep 2006  Julie A. Nelson (f)(acting)
 6 Sep 2006 - 20 Jan 2009  Sean T. Connaughton                (b. 1961)
20 Jan 2009 - 30 Jul 2009  James E. Caponiti (acting)
30 Jul 2009 -  4 Jun 2013  David T. Matsuda                   (b. 1972)
                             (acting to 25 Jun 2010)
 4 Jun 2013 -              Paul N.
"Chip" Jaenichen, Sr.      (b. 1960?)
                             (acting to 25 Jul 2014)



Department of Energy

[Department of Energy flag]
                  Adopted 15 May 1978

Department of Energy (DOE)

 4 Aug 1977                Department of Energy

Secretaries

 5 Aug 1977 - 24 Aug 1979  James R. Schlesinger               (b. 1929 - d. 2014)
24 Aug 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  Charles W. Duncan, Jr.             (b. 1926)
20 Jan 1981 - 23 Jan 1981  William W. Lewis (acting)          (b. 1942)
23 Jan 1981 -  5 Nov 1982  James B. Edwards                   (b. 1927)
 5 Nov 1982 -  7 Feb 1985  Donald P. Hodel                    (b. 1935)
                             (acting to 8 Dec 1982)
 7 Feb 1985 - 20 Jan 1989  John S. Herrington                 (b. 1939)
20 Jan 1989 -  1 Mar 1989  Donna R. Fitzpatrick (f) (acting)  (b. 1948)
 1 Mar 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  James D. Watkins                   (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
20 Jan 1993 - 22 Jan 1993  Linda G. Stuntz (f) (acting)       (b. 1954)
22 Jan 1993 - 12 Mar 1997  Hazel O'Leary (f)                  (b. 1937)
12 Mar 1997 -  1 Jul 1998  Federico F. Peña                   (b. 1947)
 1 Jul 1998 - 18 Aug 1998  Elizabeth A. Moler (f) (acting)    (b. 1949)
18 Aug 1998 - 20 Jan 2001  William "Bill" Richardson          (b. 1947)
20 Jan 2001 -  1 Feb 2005  Spencer Abraham                    (b. 1952)
 1 Feb 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Samuel Wright Bodman               (b. 1938)
21 Jan 2009 - 23 Apr 2013  Steven Chu                         (b. 1948)
23 Apr 2013 - 21 May 2013  Daniel B. Poneman (acting)         (b. 1956)
21 May 2013 -              Ernest J. Moniz                    (b. 1944)


Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

[ U.S. Atomic Energy
                Commission (AEC) flag 1949-1975]
                     1949 - 18 Jan 1975

 1 Aug 1946                Atomic Energy Commission
18 Jan 1975                Divided between ERDA and Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Chairmen
 1 Nov 1946 - 15 Feb 1950  David Eli Lilienthal               (b. 1899 - d. 1981)
15 Feb 1950 - 11 Jul 1950  Sumner T. Pike (acting)            (b. 1891 - d. 1976)
11 Jul 1950 - 30 Jun 1953  Gordon Evans Dean                  (b. 1905 - d. 1958)
 2 Jul 1953 - 30 Jun 1958  Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss         (b. 1896 - d. 1974)
14 Jul 1958 - 20 Jan 1961  John Alex McCone                   (b. 1902 - d. 1991)
20 Jan 1961 -  1 Mar 1961  John S. Graham (acting)            (b. 1905 - d. 1976)
 1 Mar 1961 - 16 Aug 1971  Glenn Theodore Seaborg             (b. 1912 - d. 1999)
17 Aug 1971 -  5 Feb 1973  James Rodney Schlesinger           (b. 1929 - d. 2014)
 6 Feb 1973 - 18 Jan 1975  Dixy Lee Ray (f)                   (b. 1914 - d. 1994)


Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) 

[Energy Research and
                Development Administration (ERDA) seal]

19 Jan 1975                Energy Research and Development Administration.

 1 Oct 1977                Part of the Department of Energy.

Administrators
19 Jan 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  Robert C. Seamans, Jr.             (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
20 Jan 1977 -  1 Oct 1977  Robert W. Fri (acting)             (b. 1935)


Department of Health and Human Services
 
[Federal Security Agency flag
                          1939-1953]
                        1939 - 1953
[Department of
                          Health, Education and Welfare 1953-1980]
               17 Dec 1953 - 1980
[Department of
                          Health and Human Services flag]
                      Adopted 1980

Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

 1 Jul 1939                Federal Security Agency (FSA)
11 Apr 1953                Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW), a cabinet
                             level department.
 4 May 1980                Divided into Department of Health and Human Services
                             (HHS) and Department of Education (signed 27 Sep 1979).

Administrators of the Federal Security Agency
12 Jul 1939 - 14 Sep 1945  Paul Vories McNutt                 (b. 1891 - d. 1955)
11 Oct 1945 - 18 Aug 1947  Watson B. Miller                   (b. 1878 - d. 1961)
19 Aug 1947 - 20 Jan 1953  Oscar R. Ewing                     (b. 1889 - d. 1980)
21 Jan 1953 - 11 Apr 1953  Oveta Culp Hobby (f)               (b. 1905 - d. 1995)
Secretaries of Health, Education and Welfare
11 Apr 1953 -  1 Aug 1955  Oveta Culp Hobby (f)               (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1955 -  1 Aug 1958  Marion B. Folsom                   (b. 1893 - d. 1976)
 1 Aug 1958 - 20 Jan 1961  Arthur S. Flemming                 (b. 1905 - d. 1996)
21 Jan 1961 - 13 Jul 1962  Abraham A. Ribicoff                (b. 1910 - d. 1998)
13 Jul 1962 - 31 Jul 1962  Ivan A. Nestingen (acting)         (b. 1921 - d. 1978)
31 Jul 1962 - 18 Aug 1965  Anthony J. Celebrezze              (b. 1910 - d. 1998)
18 Aug 1965 -  2 Mar 1968  John W. Gardner                    (b. 1912 - d. 2002)
 2 Mar 1968 - 20 Jan 1969  Wilbur J. Cohen                    (b. 1913 - d. 1987)
                             (acting to 16 May 1968)
21 Jan 1969 - 24 Jun 1970  Robert H. Finch                    (b. 1925 - d. 1995)
24 Jun 1970 - 29 Jan 1973  Elliot L.  Richardson              (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
29 Jan 1973 -  8 Feb 1973  Frank C. Carlucci III (acting)     (b. 1930)
 8 Feb 1973 -  8 Aug 1975  Caspar W. Weinberger               (b. 1917 - d. 2006)
 8 Aug 1975 - 20 Jan 1977  Forrest D. Mathews                 (b. 1935)
25 Jan 1977 -  3 Aug 1979  Joseph A. Califano, Jr.            (b. 1931)
 3 Aug 1979 -  4 May 1980  Patricia Roberts Harris (f)        (b. 1924 - d. 1985)
Secretaries of Health and Human Services
 4 May 1980 - 20 Jan 1981  Patricia Roberts Harris (f)        (s.a.)
22 Jan 1981 -  4 Feb 1983  Richard S. Schweiker               (b. 1926)
 4 Feb 1983 -  9 Mar 1983  Thomas R. Donnelly, Jr. (acting)   (b. 1939)
 9 Mar 1983 - 13 Dec 1985  Margaret M. Heckler (f)            (b. 1931)
13 Dec 1985 - 20 Jan 1989  Otis R. Bowen                      (b. 1918 - d. 2013)
20 Jan 1989 -  1 Mar 1989  Don M. Newman (acting)             (b. 1923)
 1 Mar 1989 - 20 Jan 1993  Louis W. Sullivan                  (b. 1933)
22 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001  Donna E. Shalala (f)               (b. 1941)
20 Jan 2001 -  2 Feb 2001  David Satcher (acting)             (b. 1941)
 2 Feb 2001 - 26 Jan 2005  Tommy George Thompson              (b. 1941)
26 Jan 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Michael "Mike" O. Leavitt          (b. 1951)
20 Jan 2009 - 28 Apr 2009  Charles E. Johnson (acting)        (b. 1936)
28 Apr 2009 -  9 Jun 2014  Kathleen G. Sebelius (f)           (b. 1948)
 9 Jun 2014 -              Sylvia Mathews Burwell (f)         (b. 1965)


Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
[Department of Health
                  and Human Services flag]

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

15 May 1862                Division of Chemistry within Department of Agriculture.
 1 Jul 1901                Bureau of Chemistry within Department of Agriculture.
 1 Jul 1927                Food, Drug and Insecticide Administration (FDIA).
27 May 1930                Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
30 Jun 1940                Under the Federal Security Agency.
11 Apr 1953                Under the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
 1 Jul 1970                Subordinated to Public Health Service.

Chiefs
15 May 1862 - 15 Mar 1912  Harvey Washington Wiley            (b. 1844 - d. 1930)
16 Dec 1912 - 15 Jul 1921  Carl Lucas Alsberg                 (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
16 Jul 1921 - 30 Jun 1924  Walter Gilbert Campbell (1st time) (b. 1877 - d. 1963)
 1 Jul 1924 - 30 Jun 1927  Charles Albert Browne              (b. 1870 - d. 1947)
 1 Jul 1927 - 1940         Walter Gilbert Campbell (2nd time) (s.a.)
Commissioners
1940 - 30 Apr 1944         Walter Gilbert Campbell            (s.a.)
 6 May 1944 - 31 May 1951  Paul Brown Dunbar                  (b. 1882 - d. 1968)
 1 Jun 1951 - 31 Jul 1954  Charles W. Crawford                (b. 1888 - d. 1957)
12 Aug 1954 - 27 Dec 1965  George P. Larrick                  (b. 1901 - d. 1968)
17 Jan 1966 -  1 Jul 1968  James L. Goddard                   (b. 1923 - d. 2009)
 1 Jul 1968 - 12 Dec 1969  Herbert Ley, Jr.                   (b. 1923 - d. 2001)
13 Dec 1969 - 15 Mar 1973  Charles McKay Edwards              (b. 1923 - d. 2011)
15 Mar 1973 - 20 Jul 1973  Sherwin Gardner (1st time)         (b. 1928)
                             (acting)
20 Jul 1973 - 30 Nov 1976  Alexander M. Schmidt               (b. 1930 - d. 1991)
30 Nov 1976 -  4 Apr 1977  Sherwin Gardner (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 4 Apr 1977 - 30 Jun 1979  Donald Kennedy                     (b. 1931)
30 Jun 1979 - 21 Oct 1979  Sherwin Gardner (3rd time)         (s.a.)
                             (acting)
21 Oct 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  Jere E. Goyan                      (b. 1927 - d. 2007)
20 Jan 1981 - 13 Apr 1981  Mark Novitch (1st time) (acting)   (b. 1932)
13 Apr 1981 - 11 Sep 1983  Arthur Hull Hayes, Jr.             (b. 1933 - d. 2010)
11 Sep 1983 - 15 Jul 1984  Mark Novitch (2nd time) (acting)   (s.a.)
15 Jul 1984 - 17 Dec 1989  Frank E. Young                     (b. 1931)
17 Dec 1989 -  8 Nov 1990  James S. Benson (acting)
27 Oct 1990 - 28 Feb 1997  David A. Kessler                   (b. 1951)
28 Feb 1997 - 15 Dec 1998  Michael A. Friedman (acting)       (b. c.1944)
15 Dec 1998 - 19 Jan 2001  Jane E. Henney (f)                 (b. 1947)
19 Jan 2001 - 25 Feb 2002  Bernard A. Schwetz (acting)        (b. 1940)
25 Feb 2002 - 14 Nov 2002  Lester M. Crawford (1st time)      (b. 1938)
                             (acting) 
14 Nov 2002 - 26 Mar 2004  Mark B. McClellan                  (b. 1963)
26 Mar 2004 - 23 Sep 2005  Lester M. Crawford (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting to 18 Jul 2005)
23 Sep 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Andrew C. von Eschenbach           (b. 1941)
                             (acting to 13 Dec 2006)
20 Jan 2009 - 30 Mar 2009  Frank M. Torti (acting)            (b. 1947)
30 Mar 2009 - 22 May 2009  Joshua M. Sharfstein (acting)      (b. 1970)
22 May 2009 -              Margaret A. Hamburg (f)            (b. 1955)


Public Health Service (PHS)

[U.S.
                      Marine Hospital Service flag 1871-1902]                      1871 - 1902
[Public Health and Marine
                      Hospital Service flag 1902-1912]                   1902 - 14 Aug 1912
[U.S.
                      Public Health Service (PHS) flag]                Adopted 14 Aug 1912

Office of the Surgeon General

16 Jul 1798                U.S. Marine Hospital Service established.
29 Mar 1871                First Surgeon general appointed.
 1 Jul 1902                Public Health and Marine Hospital Service
14 Aug 1912                Public Health Service
25 Apr 1939                Under the Federal Security Agency.
11 Apr 1953                Under the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
27 Sep 1979                Under the Department of Health and Human Services.

Surgeons General
29 Mar 1871 - 14 Mar 1879  John Maynard Woodworth             (b. 1837 - d. 1879)
                            (Supervising Surgeon to 3 Mar 1875,
                             then Supervising Surgeon General)
 3 Apr 1879 -  1 Jun 1891  John Brown Hamilton                (b. 1847 - d. 1898)
                            (Supervising Surgeon General)
 1 Jun 1891 - 21 Nov 1911  Walter Wyman                       (b. 1848 - d. 1911)
                            (Supervising Surgeon General to 1902)
13 Jan 1912 -  3 Mar 1920  Rupert Blue                        (b. 1868 - d. 1948)
 3 Mar 1920 -  6 Apr 1936  Hugh Smith Cumming                 (b. 1869 - d. 1948)
 6 Apr 1936 -  6 Apr 1948  Thomas Parran, Jr.                 (b. 1892 - d. 1968)
 6 Apr 1948 -  8 Aug 1956  Leonard Andrew Scheele             (b. 1907 - d. 1993)
 1 Aug 1956 - 29 Jan 1961  LeRoy Edgar Burney                 (b. 1906 - d. 1998)
 2 Mar 1961 -  1 Oct 1965  Luther Leonidas Terry              (b. 1911 - d. 1985)
 1 Oct 1965 -  1 Aug 1969  William H. Stewart                 (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
18 Dec 1969 - 30 Jun 1973  Jesse Leonard Steinfeld            (b. 1927 - d. 2014)
 1 Jul 1973 - 13 Jul 1977  S. Paul Ehrlich, Jr. (acting)      (b. 1932 - d. 2005)
13 Jul 1977 - 14 May 1981  Julius B. Richmond                 (b. 1916 - d. 2008)
16 Nov 1981 - 21 Jan 1982  Edward Brandt, Jr. (acting)        (b. 1933 - d. 2007)
21 Jan 1982 -  1 Oct 1989  C. Everett Koop                    (b. 1916 - d. 2013)
 1 Oct 1989 -  9 Mar 1990  James O. Mason (acting)            (b. 1930)
 9 Mar 1990 - 30 Jun 1993  Antonia Coello Novello (f)         (b. 1944)
 1 Jul 1993 -  8 Sep 1993  Robert A. Whitney (acting)         (b. 1935)
 8 Sep 1993 - 31 Dec 1994  Joycelyn Elders (f)                (b. 1933)
 1 Jan 1995 -  1 Jul 1997  Audrey F. Manley (f) (acting)      (b. 1934)
 1 Jul 1997 - 13 Feb 2002  David Satcher                      (b. 1941)
                             (acting to 13 Feb 1998)  
13 Feb 2002 -  5 Aug 2002  Kenneth P. Moritsugu (1st time)    (b. 1945)
                             (acting)
 5 Aug 2002 - 31 Jul 2006  Richard H. Carmona                 (b. 1949)
 1 Aug 2006 - 30 Sep 2007 
Kenneth P. Moritsugu (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 1 Oct 2007 -  1 Oct 2009  Steven K. Galson (acting)          (b. 1956)
 1 Oct 2009 -  2 Nov 2009  Donald L. Weaver (acting)
 2 Nov 2009 - 16 Jul 2013  Regina M. Benjamin (f)             (b. 1956)
17 Jul 2013 -              Boris D. Lushniak (acting)         (b. 1959)


Civilian Conservation Corps 

[Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Association
                flag (original CCC did not adopt a flag)]
  CCC Association Flag (No CCC flag adopted)

 5 Apr 1933                Emergency Conservation Work.
28 Jun 1937                Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).
25 Apr 1939                Under the Federal Security Agency.
30 Jun 1943                Abolished.

National Directors
 5 Apr 1933 - 31 Dec 1939  Robert Fecher                       (b. 1876 - d. 1939)
15 Feb 1940 - 30 Jun 1943  James Joseph McEntee                (b. 1884 - d. 1957)



Department of Education

[Department of Education flag]
                  Adopted 31 Dec 1980

Department of Education

 2 Mar 1867                Department of Education established as a non-cabinet agency.
20 Jul 1868                Office of Education, within the Department of Interior.
 1 Jul 1869                Bureau of Education
14 May 1930                Office of Education
 1 Jul 1939                Under the Federal Security Agency.
11 Apr 1953                Under the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
17 Oct 1979                Department of Education

Commissioners
14 Mar 1867 - 15 Mar 1870  Henry Barnard                      (b. 1811 - d. 1900)
16 Mar 1870 -  5 Aug 1886  John Eaton, Jr.                    (b. 1820 - d. 1906)
 6 Aug 1886 -  3 Sep 1889  Nathaniel H.R. Dawson              (b. 1829 - d. 1895)
12 Sep 1889 - 30 Jun 1906  William T. Harris                  (b. 1835 - d. 1909)
1906 - 1911                Elmer E. Brown                     (b. 1861 - d. 1934)
1911 - 1921                Philander P. Claxton               (b. 1862 - d. 1957)
1921 - 1928                John J. Tigert IV                  (b. 1882 - d. 1965)
1928 - 1933                William J. Cooper                  (b. 1882 - d. 1935)
1933 - 1934                George F. Zook                     (b. 1885 - d. 1951)
1934 - 1948                John W. Studebaker                 (b. 1887 - d. 1989)
1948 - 1949                Rall I. Grigsby (acting)           (b. 1897 - d. 1975)
1949 - 1953                Earl J. McGrath                    (b. 1902 - d. 1993)
1953 -  4 Sep 1953         Lee M. Thurston                    (b. 1895 - d. 1953)
1953 - 1956                Samuel M. Brownell                 (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
1956 - 1961                Lawrence G. Derthick               (b. 1905 - d. 1992)
1961 - 1962                Sterling M. McMurrin               (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
1962 - 1965                Francis C. Keppel                  (b. 1916 - d. 1990)
1965 - 1968                Harold Howe II                     (b. 1918 - d. 2002)
1969 - 1970                James E. Allen, Jr.                (b. 1911 - d. 1971)
1970 - 1973                Sidney P. Marland                  (b. 1914 - d. 1992)
1973 - 1974                John R. Ottina                     (b. 1932 - d. 2008)
1974 - 1976                Terrel H. Bell                     (b. 1921 - d. 1996)
1976 - 1977                Edward Aguirre                     (b. 1929)  
1977 - 1979                Ernest L. Boyer                    (b. 1928 - d. 1995)
Secretaries
 
6 Dec 1979 - 20 Jan 1981  Shirley M. Hufstedler (f)          (b. 1925)
23 Jan 1981 - 31 Dec 1984  Terrel H. Bell                     (s.a.)
31 Dec 1984 -  6 Feb 1955  Gary L. Jones (acting)             (b. 1944)
 
6 Feb 1985 - 20 Sep 1988  William "Bill" Bennett             (b. 1943)
20 Sep 1988 - 15 Dec 1990  Lauro F. Cavazos                   (b. 1927)
15 Dec 1990 - 22 Mar 1991  Ted Sanders (acting)               (b. 1941)
22 Mar 1991 - 20 Jan 1993  Lamar Alexander                    (b. 1940)
22 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001  Richard W. Riley                   (b. 1933)
20 Jan 2001 - 31 Jan 2005  Roderick "Rod" Paige               (b. 1933) 
31 Jan 2005 - 20 Jan 2009  Margaret Spellings (f)             (b. 1957)
21 Jan 2009 -              Arne Duncan                        (b. 1964)



Department of Veterans Affairs

[flag of Veterans Administration to 1989]               c.1931 - 15 Mar 1989 [Department of Veterans Affairs flag]                  Adopted 29 Nov 1990

Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)

 9 Aug 1921                Veterans Bureau
21 Jul 1930                Veterans Administration
15 Mar 1989                Department of Veterans Affairs a cabinet post.

Directors
 9 Aug 1921 - 1923         Charles R. Forbes                  (b. 1877 - d. 1952)
 1 Mar 1923 - 1930         Frank T. Hines                     (b. 1879 - d. 1960)
Administrators
1930 - Aug 1945            Frank T. Hines                     (s.a.)
Aug 1945 - Dec 1947        Omar N. Bradley                    (b. 1893 - d. 1981)
 1 Jan 1948 - 1953         Carl R. Gray                       (b. 1889 - d. 1955)
Jul 1953 - Nov 1957        Harvey V. Higley                   (b. 1892 - d. 1986)
Dec 1957 - 1961            Sumner G. Whittier                 (b. 1911 - d. 2010)
1961 - 1964                John S. Gleason                    (b. 1915 - d. 1993)
1965 - 1969                William J. Driver                  (b. 1918 - d. 1985)
1969 - 1974                Donald E. Johnson                  (b. 1924 - d. 1999)
12 Oct 1974 - 1977         Richard L. Roudebush               (b. 1918 - d. 1995)
 2 Mar 1977 - 1981         J. Max Cleland                     (b. 1942)
1981 - 1982                Robert P. Nimmo                    (b. 1922 - d. 2005)
1982 - 1986                Harry N. Walters                   (b. 1936)
1986 - 1989                Thomas K. Turnage                  (b. 1923 - d. 2000)
 
1 Mar 1989 - 15 Mar 1989  Edward J. Derwinski                (b. 1926 - d. 2012)
Secretaries
15 Mar 1989 - 26 Sep 1992  Edward J. Derwinski                (s.a.)
26 Sep 1992 - 22 Jan 1993  Anthony J. Principi (1st time)     (b. 1944)
                             (acting)
22 Jan 1993 -  3 Jul 1997  Jesse Brown                        (b. 1944 - d. 2002)
 
3 Jul 1997 -  2 Jan 1998  Hershel W. Gober (1st time)        (b. 1936)
                             (acting)
 2 Jan 1998 - 10 Jul 2000  Togo D. West, Jr.                  (b. 1942)
                             (acting to 5 May 1998)
10 Jul 2000 - 20 Jan 2001  Hershel W. Gober (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                             (acting)
23 Jan 2001 -  1 Feb 2005  Anthony J. Principi (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Feb 2005 -  1 Oct 2007  James "Jim" Nicholson              (b. 1938)
 1 Oct 2007 - 20 Dec 2007  Gordon H. Mansfield (acting)       (b. 1941 - d. 2013)
20 Dec 2007 - 20 Jan 2009  James B. Peake                     (b. 1944)
21 Jan 2009 - 30 May 2014  Eric K. Shinseki                   (b. 1942)
30 May 2014 - 30 Jul 2014  Sloan D. Gibson IV (acting)
30 Jul 2014 -              Robert McDonald                    (b. 1953)       



Department of Homeland Security

[flag of
                      Office of Homeland Security 2001-2003]                      2001 - 19 Jun 2003 [Department of Homeland Security flag]                Adopted 19 Jun 2003

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

 8 Oct 2001                Office of Homeland Security (within Executive Office of the
                             President).
24 Jan 2003                Department of Homeland Security.

Director
 8 Oct 2001 - 24 Jan 2003  Tom Ridge                          (b. 1945)
Secretaries
24 Jan 2003 -  1 Feb 2005  Tom Ridge                          (s.a.)
 
2 Feb 2005 - 15 Feb 2005  James M. Loy (acting)              (b. 1942)
15 Feb 2005 - 21 Jan 2009  Michael Chertoff                   (b. 1953)
21 Jan 2009 -  6 Sep 2013  Janet A. Napolitano (f)            (b. 1957)
 6 Sep 2013 - 23 Dec 2013  Rand Beers (acting)                (b. 1942)
23 Dec 2013 -              Jeh C. Johnson                     (b. 1957)


U.S. Coast Guard
 
[U.S. Revenue Marine Ensign ensign,
                          1799]
1 Aug 1799 - 1910 U.S.Revenue Marine Ensign

[U.S.
                          Revenue Marine Ensign ensign, c.1815]
    c.1815 - c.1868 Revenue Marine Variant

[U.S.
                          Revenue Marine Ensign ensign, c.1868]
     c.1868 - 1910 Revenue Marine Variant

[U.S. Life-Saving Service Pennant,
                          1878-1915]
      U.S. Life-Saving Service 1878 - 1915

[U.S. Reveune
                          Marine ensign, 1910-1915]
 7 Jul 1910 - 1915 U.S. Revenue Marine Ensign

[U.S. Coast
                          Guard ensign 1915-1953]
      1915 - 1953 U.S. Coast Guard Ensign

[U.S. Coast
                          Guard ensign]
    Adopted 1953 U.S. Coast Guard Ensign
[US Coast Guard
                          Outdoor Service flag]
            Coast Guard Service Standard
                   Adopted 28 Jan 1964

United States Coast Guard

 7 Aug 1789                The service, eventually to be known as the US Lighthouse
                             Service, established under the control of the 
                             Treasury Department.
 4 Aug 1790                Congress created a service to enforce customs laws. 
                             Alternately known as the system of cutters, Revenue 
                             Service, and Revenue-Marine this service would
                             officially be named the Revenue Cutter Service (USRCS)
                             in 1863.
1849 - 1869                Revenue Marine Bureau is dissolved and the Revenue Marine are
                             placed under the direct control of Commissioner of Customs.
18 Jun 1878                U.S. Life-Saving Service established as a separate agency 
                             under the control of the Treasury Department.
28 Jan 1915                Revenue Cutter Service joined with the Life-Saving Service
                             to form the U.S. Coast Guard.
 6 Jun 1917 - 28 Aug 1919  Transferred to control of the Navy Department.
 
1 Jul 1939                U.S. Lighthouse Service merged with U.S. Coast Guard.
28 Feb 1942                Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation merged with U.S.
                             Coast Guard.
 1 Nov 1941 -  1 Jan 1946  Transferred to control of the Navy Department.

 1 Apr 1967                Transferred to the Department of Transportation.
 1 Mar 2003                Transferred to the Department of Homeland Security.

Chiefs of the Service of Cutters
1790 - 1843                the Secretaries of Treasury
Chiefs of the Revenue Marine Bureau
1843 - 1848                Alexander V. Fraser                (b. 1804 - d. 1868)
1848 - 1849                Richard Evans
1849 - 1869                the Commissioners of Customs
 1 Jul 1869 - 1871         N. Broughton Devereux
 1 Feb 1871 - 1878         Sumner Increase Kimball            (b. 1834 - d. 1923)
1878 - 1885                Ezra W. Clark                      (b. 1839 - d. 1915) 
1885 - 1889                Peter M. Bonnett                   (b. 1841 - d. ....)
General Superintendent of the Life-Saving Service
18 Jun 1878 - 28 Jan 1915  Sumner Increase Kimball            (s.a.)
Chief of the Revenue Marine Service
28 Dec 1889 - 31 Jul 1894  Leonard Griffin Shepard            (b. 1846 - d. 1895)
Chiefs of the Revenue Cutter Service
31 Jul 1894 -  1 Mar 1895  Leonard Griffin Shepard            (s.a.)
19 Mar 1895 - 27 Mar 1905  Charles Frederic Shoemaker         (b. 1841 - d. 1913)
25 Apr 1905 -  8 May 1908  Worth Gwynn Ross                   (b. 1854 - d. 1916)
Captain-Commandants of the Revenue Cutter Service
 8 May 1908 - 30 Apr 1911  Worth Gwynn Ross                   (s.a.)
19 Jun 1911 - 28 Jan 1915  Ellsworth Price Bertholf           (b. 1866 - d. 1921)
Captain-Commandants of the Coast Guard
28 Jan 1915 - 30 Jun 1919  Ellsworth Price Bertholf           (b. 1866 - d. 1921)
30 Jun 1919 -  2 Oct 1919  Daniel P. Foley (acting)
 2 Oct 1919 - 12 Jan 1923  William Edward Reynolds            (b. 1860 - d. 1944)
Commandants of the Coast Guard
12 Jan 1923 - 11 Jan 1924  William Edward Reynolds            (s.a.)
11 Jan 1924 - 17 May 1932  Frederick C. Billard               (b. 1873 - d. 1932)
17 May 1932 - 14 Jun 1932  Leon Claude Covell (acting)        (b. 1877 - d. 1960)
14 Jun 1932 - 14 Jun 1936  Harry Gabriel Hamlet               (b. 1874 - d. 1954)
14 Jun 1936 -  1 Jan 1946  Russell Randolph Waesche           (b. 1886 - d. 1946)
 1 Jan 1946 - 31 Dec 1949  Joseph Francis Farley              (b. 1889 - d. 1974)
 1 Jan 1950 - 31 May 1954  Merlin O'Neill                     (b. 1898 - d. 1981)
 1 Jun 1954 - 31 May 1962  Alfred Caroll Richmond             (b. 1902 - d. 1984)
 1 Jun 1962 - 31 May 1966  Edwin John Roland                  (b. 1905 - d. 1985)
 1 Jun 1966 - 31 May 1970  Willard John Smith                 (b. 1910 - d. 2000)
 1 Jun 1970 - 31 May 1974  Chester R. Bender                  (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
 1 Jun 1974 - 31 May 1978  Owen Wesley Siler                  (b. 1922 - d. 2007)
 1 Jun 1978 - 28 May 1982  John Briggs Hayes                  (b. 1924 - d. 2001)
28 May 1982 - 30 May 1986  James Steele Gracey                (b. 1927)
30 May 1986 - 31 May 1990  Paul Alexander Yost, Jr.           (b. 1929)
31 May 1990 - 31 May 1994  John William Kime                  (b. 1934 - d. 2006)
 1 Jun 1994 - 31 May 1998  Robert Edward Kramek               (b. 1939)