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Turks and Caicos Islands
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
  to 1875
[Turks and Caicos flag,
                                    1875-1968]
1875 - 7 Nov 1968
[Turks
                                    and Caicos flag 1968-1999]
7 Nov 1968 - 25 Jan 1999
Turks and
                                    Caicos flag
Adopted 25 Jan 1999

 

Map of Turks and
Caicos Islands
Hear National Anthem
 "God Save the Queen" 
Hear Local Anthem
"This Land of Ours"
Constitution
(15 Oct 2012)
----------------------------------
Former Constitution
(9 Aug 2006; suspended
from 14 Aug 2009)
Capital: Cockburn Town
(on Grand Turk
Currency: Turks and Caicos
Crown (TCC) and US Dollar
 (USD); 1900-1969 Jamaica
 Pound (JMP)
National Holiday:  3 Aug (1834)
E
mancipation Day
Population: 47,754 (2013)
GDP: $762.7 million (2015) Exports: $18.6 million (2016)
Imports: $209 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: black 87.6%, white 7.9%, mixed 2.5%,
East Indian 1.3%, other 0.7% (2006)
Total Police Force: 90 (1987)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.K.
Merchant marine: 4 ships (2017) 
Religions: Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%,
 Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%),
 Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.8%,
other 14% (2001)
International Organizations/Treaties: ACS (associate), Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU, WMO
Turks and
Caicos Islands
Chronology

12 Oct 1492                Discovered by Columbus and claimed for Spain.
1678                       Turk Islands settled by English salt collectors
                             from Bermuda.
1706 - 1710                Spanish occupation.
1753 - 1754                French occupation.
1778                       French occupation.
1783 -  3 Sep 1783         French occupation of Grand Turk.
1783                       Caicos Islands settled by British loyalists.
1799                       Both island groups annexed by Britain as 
                             part of the Bahamas
25 Dec 1848                Separate colony (Turks and Caicos Islands).
 
4 Apr 1873 -  5 Aug 1962  Part of Jamaica.
 4 Jul 1959                Separate colony (Turks and Caicos).
 4 Jul 1959 - 31 May 1962  Part of the Federation of the West Indies
                             (see Trinidad and Tobago).
 6 Aug 1962                Crown colony.
25 Apr 1973                Bahamas become independent, remaining ties lapse.
1979                       Independence agreed upon in principle for 1982,
                             but a government change causes a policy reversal.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Agents

1766 - c.1772/81           Andrew Seymour (or Symmer)
c.1772/81 - 1791           ....
16 Jul 1791 - Jul 1799     Alexander Murray (1st time)        (b. 1764 - d. 1842)
1799 - 1802                .... 
Mar 1802 - 1804            Alexander Murray (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1804 - 1848                ....
Presidents of the Council
(President administering the Government)
21 Nov 1848 - 1854         Frederick Henry Alexander Forth    (b. 1808 - d. 1876?)
10 Jan 1854 - 1862         William Robert Inglis              (b. 1823 - d. 1888)
 
6 Aug 1862 - 1869         Alexander Wilson Moir              (b. 1825 - d. 1897)
 
4 Feb 1869 - 1872         Alexander Augustus Melfort         (b. 1827 - d. 1890)
                             Campbell
1872 - 1874                Daniel Thomas Smith                (b. 1808? - d. 1888?)
Commissioners
1874 - 1878                Daniel Thomas Smith                (s.a.)
1878 - 1879                Edward Noel Walker                 (b. 1842 - d. 1908)
 3 Jan 1879 - 1883         Robert Baxter Llewelyn             (b. 1845 - d. 1919)
1883 - 1885                Frederick Shedden Sanguinetti      (b. 1847 - d. 1906)
                             (acting)
24 Oct 1885 - 1888         Henry Moore Jackson                (b. 1849 - d. 1908)
Apr 1888 - Jul 1888        Alexis Wynns Harriott (acting)     (b. 1835 - d. 1916)
Mar 1891 - 1893            Henry Higgins                
Mar 1893 - 1899            Edward John Cameron                (b. 1858 - d. 1947)
                            
(acting to 2 Jan 1894)
1899 - 1901                Geoffrey Peter St. Aubyn (acting)  (b. 1858 - d. 1921)

29 Sep 1901 - 1905         William Douglas Young              (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
Mar 1906 - Jul 1914        Frederick Henry Watkins            (b. 1859 - d. 1928)
Jul 1914 - Dec 1914        Hugh Houston Hutchings (1st time)  (b. 1869 - d. 1937)
                             (acting)
Dec 1914 - 1923            George Whitfield Smith

25 Jun 1923 - 1932         Harold Ernest Phillips             (b. 1877 - d. 1941)
1932 -  2 Aug 1934         Hugh Houston Hutchings (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                            
(acting)
 
2 Aug 1934 - Jul 1937     Frank Cecil Clarkson               (b. 1882 - d. 19..)
Jul 1937 - 1940            Hugh Charles Norwood Hill          (b. 1890 - d. 1968)
Feb 1940 - Jun 1946        Edwin Porter Arrowsmith            (b. 1909 - d. 1992)
Oct 1946 - Jul 1951        Cyril Eric Wool-Lewis              (b. 1906 - d. 1975)
Jul 1951 - Apr 1952        Thomas William Willis (acting)     (b. 1897 - d. 19..)
Apr 1952 - 1955            Peter Bleackley                    (b. 1915)

1955 - 1958                Ernest Gordon Lewis                (b. 1918 - d. 2006)
Aug 1958 -  3 Jul 1959     Geoffrey Colin Guy                 (b. 1921 - d. 2006)
Governors
 4 Jul 1959 -  5 Aug 1962  the governors of Jamaica
Nov 1965 - 25 Apr 1973     the governors of The Bahamas
Administrators

 
4 Jul 1959 - 15 Jan 1965  Geoffrey Colin Guy                 (s.a.)
15 Jan 1965 -  5 May 1965  Robert Everard Wainwright          (b. 1913 - d. 1990)
                             (1st time)
 
5 May 1965 - May 1967     John Anthony Golding               (b. 1920 - d. 2012)
Jul 1967 - 1971            Robert Everard Wainwright          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1971 - 25 Apr 1973         Alexander Graham Mitchell          (b. 1923 - d. 2010)
Governors
25 Apr 1973 - May 1975     Alexander Graham Mitchell          (s.a.)
24 May 1975 - Jul 1978     Arthur Christopher Watson          (b. 1927 - d. 2001)
Aug 1978 - Sep 1982        John Clifford Strong               (b. 1922 - d. 2003)
Oct 1982 - Jan 1987        Christopher John Turner            (b. 1933 - d. 2014)
Jan 1987 - Jun 1993        Michael John Bradley               (b. 1933 - d. 2010)
Jun 1993 - Sep 1996        Martin Bourke                      (b. 1947)
Oct 1996 - Jan 2000        John Philip Kelly                  (b. 1941)
27 Jan 2000 - 26 Nov 2002  Mervyn Thomas Jones                (b. 1942)
26 Nov 2002 - 16 Dec 2002  Cynthia Anita Louise Astwood (f)   (b. 1946)
                            
(acting)
16 Dec 2002 - 21 Jun 2005  Jim Poston                         (b. 1945 - d. 2007)
21 Jun 2005 - 11 Jul 2005  Mahala Kathleen Wynns (f)          (b. 1948) 
                             (1st time)(acting)
11 Jul 2005 - 16 Jul 2008  Richard David Tauwhare             (b. 1959)
16 Jul 2008 -  5 Aug 2008  Mahala Kathleen Wynns (f)          (s.a.)
                            
(2nd time)(acting)
 5 Aug 2008 - 22 Aug 2011  Gordon Geoffrey Wetherell          (b. 1948)
22 Aug 2011 - 12 Sep 2011  Martin Stanley (acting)            (b. 1948)
12 Sep 2011 - 15 Sep 2013  Damian Roderic "Ric" Todd          (b. 1959)
15 Sep 2013 -  4 Oct 2013  Anya Kashora Williams (f)(1st time)
                             (acting)

 4 Oct 2013 -  9 Oct 2013  Huw Owen Shepheard (acting)
 9 Oct 2013 - 10 Oct 2016  Peter Beckingham                   (b. 1949)
10 Oct 2016 - 17 Oct 2016
  Anya Kashora Williams (f)(1st time)
                             (acting)
17 Oct 2016 - 
7 Jul 2019  John Patrick George Freeman        (b. 1951)
 7 Jul 2019 - 15 Jul 2019  Anya Kashora Williams (f)(2nd time)
                             (acting)

15 Jul 2019 -              Nigel Dakin 


Chief ministers

Aug 1976 -  9 May 1980     James Alexander George Smith       (b. 1945 - d. 1980)  PDM
                             McCartney
19 Jun 1980 - Nov 1980     Oswald O'Neil Skippings (1st time) (b. 1953)            PDM
Nov 1980 - 28 Mar 1985     Norman Benjamin Saunders           (b. 1943)            PNP
28 Mar 1985 - 24 Jul 1986  Nathaniel Joseph Selver Francis    (b. 1912 - d. 2004)  PNP
Jul 1986 - May 1987        Executive Committee (interim)
                           - Ariel Rudolph Misick             (b. 1951)            NDA
                           - Richard Emmanuel Misick                               NDA
                           - Clement Ernest Howell            (b. 1935 - d. 1987)  PDM
                           - Carlos Wilbert Simons            (b. 1954)            NDA
May 1987 - Mar 1988        Executive Committee (interim)
                           - Daniel Manfred Malcolm                                PNP
                           - Tom Lightbourne                                       PNP
                           - Herbie Ingham                                         NDA
 3 Mar 1988 - Apr 1991     Oswald O'Neil Skippings (2nd time) (s.a.)               PDM 
Apr 1991 -  3 Feb 1995     Charles Washington Misick          (b. 1950)            PNP
 3 Feb 1995 - 15 Aug 2003  Derek Hugh Taylor                  (b. 1951)            PDM
15 Aug 2003 -  9 Aug 2006  Michael Eugene Misick              (b. 1966)            PNP
Premiers
 9 Aug 2006 - 23 Mar 2009  Michael Eugene Misick              (s.a.)               PNP
23 Mar 2009 - 14 Aug 2009  Glamo "Gilley" Wenthpuel Williams  (b. 19..)            PNP
18 Aug 2009 - 13 Nov 2012  Advisory Council (interim)
                           - Joseph P. Connolly                                    Non-party
                             (to 5 Jul 2012)
                           - Edith Cox (f)                                         PNP
                           - Theophilus "Theo" Durham                              Non-party
                           - Carlton Mills                                         PNP
                           - Eugene Otuonye (to 13 Jul 2011)                       Non-party
                           - Doreen Quelch-Missick-Stubbs (f)                      PNP
                           - John T. Smith                                         Non-party
                           - Clayton Thomas                   (b. 1961?)           Non-party
                             (from 11 Aug 2011)
                           (plus ex officio the governor, deputy governor, chief executive,
                            attorney general, and permanent secretary, finance)
13 Nov 2012 - 20 Dec 2016  Rufus Washington Ewing             (b. 1968)            PNP
20 Dec 2016 -              Sharlene Linette Cartwright-       (b. 1971)            PDM
                             Robinson (f)


Party abbreviations: PDM = People's Democratic Movement (center-left, formerly pro-independence, est.1975); PNP = Progressive National Party (conservative, pro-autonomy, est.1976);
- Former parties: NDA = National Democratic Alliance (split from PNP, c.1986)







Ben Cahoon