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Micronesia
 

                 1875 - 12 Oct 1899 
 
[German
                                    Empire 1870-1919 (Germany)]
                12 Oct 1899 - 7 Oct 1914 
 
[Japan]
              7 Oct 1914 - Feb 1944
 
[US
                                    flag]
                   Feb 1944 - 30 Nov 1978
 
[Flag of
                                    UNO]
  18 Jul 1947 - 3 Oct 1962 Pacific Is.Trust Terr.
 
[ Pacific
                                    Is.Trust Terr. Six Star Flag ]
     3 Oct 1962 - 30 Nov 1978 Pacific Is.Trust Terr.
 
[ Flag of
                                    Micronesia ]
                     Adopted 30 Nov 1978
 


Map of Micronesia Hear National Anthem
"Patriots of Micronesia"
(or "Across All Micronesia")
Adopted 10 Dec 1991
Former National Anthem
 "Preamble"
(1979-10 Dec 1991)
Constitution
  (10 May 1979)
Capital: Palikir
(Kolonia 1887-4 Nov 1989)
Currency: US Dollar (USD);
1914-1944 Japanese Yen  (JPY)
National Holiday: 10 May (1979)
Constitution Day
Population: 106,104 (2013)
GDP: $754 million (2013)
Exports: $24.9 million (2009)
Imports: $137.9 million (2006)
Ethnic groups: Chuukese 28%, Pohnpeian 24%, Yapese 10.6%,
Mortlockese 5.6%, Kosraean 5.2%, U.S. white 4.5%,
Ulithian 3.3%, Carolinian 2.8%, Asian 1.3%, Polynesian
and others 14.7% (2000)
Total Police/Maritime Force: 500 (2012)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.S.
Merchant marine: 3 ships (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 40.6%
(of which Congregationalist 40.1%), Mormon 1%,
Ethno-religionist 3.35%, Baha'i 1.62%, Buddhist 0.43%,
Chinese folk religionist 0.30% (2005)
International Organizations/Treaties: ACP, ADB, AOSIS, CTBT, CWC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ITSO, ITU, KP, MIGA, NPT, OPCW, PC, PIF, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, WHO, WMO
Micronesia
Index
Chronology

 1 Oct 1525               Discovered by Portuguese Capt. Diego da Rocha,
                            named Islas Sequeira.
 1 Jan 1528               Re-discovered and claimed for Spain by Alvaro de
                            Saavedra. 
1686                      Reclaimed for Spain by Francesco Lazcano and
                            named Islas Las Carolinas (Caroline Islands)
                            (subordinated to the Philippines), no settlement.
1869                      Germans establish permanent trading station on Yap.
1874                      Spain reasserts its claim to the islands, but
                            does begin settlement.
26 Aug 1885               Germans occupy Yap after the arrival of the first 
                            Spanish governor (on 21 Aug 1885).
1886                      Spanish possession confirmed by Papal arbitration
                            of Pope Leo XIII, Germans withdraw claim.
18 Jul 1899               Part of German New Guinea (see Papua New Guinea).
                            General supervision over the districts entrusted
                            to the Heads of the district (Bezirkamtleute) of
                            Ponape after 1907 those of District of Yap. 
 7 Oct 1914               Japanese occupation (see under Marshall Islands)
                            from 28 Dec 1914 see under Palau).
28 Jun 1919               Germany formally renounces claims to the islands.
17 Dec 1920               League of Nations mandate (South Seas Islands).

Jul 1921                  Japanese transfer civil administration from Chuuk to
                            Koror in Palau.
 1 Apr 1922               Part of South Seas Agency (see under Palau).
1935                      Japan declares that the mandated islands are an
                            "integral part of the Japanese Empire."
20 Sep 1944               U.S. occupation begins (on Ulithi; on Bikini 29 Mar
                            1944, Yap from 1945).
20 Sep 1944 - 30 Jun 1951 Administered by U.S. Navy.
18 Jul 1947               Part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific
                            Islands (TTPI)(Marshall Islands, Micronesia,
                           
Northern Mariana Islands, & Palau [TTPI is divided
                            into
districts: Marshalls, Ponape (incl. Kosrae),
                            Truk, Yap, Palau, the Mariana Islands and
                            10 Mar 1955 - 1 Jul 1962, Rota]).
 1 Jul 1951 - 1981        Administered by U.S. Department of Interior.
 1 May 1979               Marshall Islands leave the federation.
10 May 1979               Autonomy (Federated States of Micronesia) 
                            (formerly the Ponape, Truk and Yap districts).
 1 Jan 1981               Palau leave the federation.
 3 Nov 1986               Compact of Free Association with the U.S. effective.
10 Jul 1987               Trust territory dissolved.
22 Dec 1990               Final independence (Security Council ratifies 
                            termination of trusteeship).

Micronesia
Districts and
States

(from 1947)
Traditional
states
Trust Territory
of the Pacific
Islands
(1947-1986)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
 
[ Pacific Is.Trust
                            Terr. Six Star Flag ]
                    3 Oct 1962 - 10 Jul 1987
 
[Pacific Is.Trust
                          Terr. Flag of the High Commissioner]
         High Commissioner's Flag  1947 - 1987
 
Map of Trust Territory of Pacific
Capital: Saipan
(Agana, Guam 1944-1963)
Population: 132,929 (1980)

Military Governors of the Marshall, Caroline, and Mariana Islands
Mar 1944 - 19 Jun 1944     John H. Hoover                     (b. 1887 - d. 1970)
19 Jun 1944 - 24 Nov 1945  Chester William Nimitz             (b. 1885 - d. 1966)
24 Nov 1945 -  3 Feb 1946  Raymond Ames Spruance              (b. 1885 - d. 1969) 
 3 Feb 1946 - 28 Feb 1947  John H. Towers                     (b. 1885 - d. 1955)
28 Feb 1947 - 18 Jul 1947  Louis Emil Denfeld                 (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
High commissioners
18 Jul 1947 - 17 Apr 1948  Louis Emil Denfeld                 (s.a.)
17 Apr 1948 -  1 May 1949  DeWitt Clinton Ramsey              (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
 1 May 1949 -  6 Jan 1951  Arthur William Radford             (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
 6 Jan 1951 - 11 Feb 1953  Elbert Duncan Thomas               (b. 1883 - d. 1953)
13 Mar 1953 -  1 Sep 1954  Frank Elbert Midkiff               (b. 1887 - d. 1983)
 1 Sep 1954 -  1 May 1961  Delmas Henry Nucker                (b. 1907 - d. 1985)
                             (acting to 26 Nov 1956)
 1 May 1961 - 27 May 1966  Maurice Wilfred Goding             (b. 1911 - d. 1989)
27 May 1966 -  1 May 1969  William Robert Norwood             (b. 1909 - d. 1981)
                             (acting to 1 Aug 1966)
 1 May 1969 -  1 Jul 1976  Edward Elliott Johnston            (b. 1918 - d. 2011)
 1 Jul 1976 -  9 Jul 1977  Peter Tali Coleman (acting)        (b. 1919 - d. 1997)
 9 Jul 1977 - 1981         Adrian Paul Winkel                 (b. 1915 - d. 1994)
1981 - Dec 1981            Daniel J. High (acting)
Dec 1981 - 10 Jul 1987     Janet Jenkins McCoy (f)            (b. 1916 - d. 1995)
Director of the Office of Transition
 3 Nov 1986 - 30 Sep 1991  Charles D. Jordan  



Micronesia


Governors 

15 Oct 1885 - Oct 1885     Max Plüddemann                     (b. 1846 - d. 1910)
                             (German commander on Ponape)

18 Jul 1899 -  7 Oct 1914  the governors of German New Guinea
District officers (from 1899, Bezirksamtmann)
- western Caroline islands (Yap and Palau [and from 1907 Saipan])-
1886 - 1887                Manuel de Elisa y Vergara
1887 - 1888
(6 months)     Mariano Torres de Navarra
1888 - 1889                José Montes de Oca (1st time)
1889 - 1890                Mariano Torres de Navarra
1890 - 1892                José Montes de Oca (2nd time)
1892 - bf.1897             ....
bf.Nov 1897 -  2 Nov 1899  Salvador Cortez y Samit

Nov 1899 - 1906            Arno Senfft (1st time)             (b. 1864 - d. 1909)
Apr 1906 - 1907            Georg Fritz (1st time)(acting)     (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
1907 - Feb 1909            Arno Senfft (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1909                       Rudolf Karlowa                     (b. 1844 - d. 1913)
1909 - 1910                Georg Fritz (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1910 - 1911                Hermann Kersting                   (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
1911 - 1914                Baumert
- eastern Caroline islands (Ponape [and from 1911 Marshall Islands])-
26 Jul 1886 -  6 Aug 1886  Luis Bayo y Hernández Pinzón
1886 - 1887                Capriles 

13 Mar 1887 -  3 Jul 1887  Isidro Posadillo y Posadillo       (b. 1840 - d. 1887)
29 Oct 1887 - Jan 1891     Luis Cadarso y Rey                 (b. 1831 - d. 1898)
19 Feb 1891 - Feb 1892     Julio Merás y Urio
28 Feb 1892 - 28 Apr 1892  José Padriñan (or Padman)
28 Apr 1892 - May 1892?    Bienvenido Flandes (acting)
May 1892? - 1893?          Fernando Claudio

1893? - Aug 1894           Juan de la Concha y Ramos
Aug 1894 - 1896            José Pidal Rebollo                 (b. 1849 - d. 1920)
1896 - 1897                Michael Velasco
bf.Nov 1897 - May 1899     José Fernández de Córdoba 
31 May 1899 - 12 Oct 1899  Ricardo de Castro y Candara (acting)
12 Oct 1899 - 1901         Albert Hahl                        (b. 1868 - d. 1945)

 1 Sep 1901 - 30 Apr 1907  Victor Berg                        (b. 1861 - d. 1907)
1907                       August Ueberhorst (1st time)(acting)
1907 - 1909                Georg Fritz                        (s.a.) 
Oct 1909 - 18 Oct 1910     Gustav Boeder                      (b. 18.. - d. 1910)
18 Oct 1910 - 1910         Max Girschner (2nd time)(acting)
1910 -  7 Oct 1914         August Ueberhorst
Vice-governors of German New Guinea 
(with general supervision over the island districts)
1899 - 1901                Albert Hahl                        (s.a.) 
1901 - 1907                Victor Berg                        (s.a.)
1907 - 1909                Arno Senfft                        (s.a.)
1909                       Rudolf Karlowa                     (s.a.)
1909 - 1910                Georg Fritz                        (s.a.) 
1910 - 1911                Hermann Kersting                   (s.a.)
1911 - 1914                Baumert
Governors 
18 Jul 1899 -  7 Oct 1914  the governors of German New Guinea
 7 Oct 1914 -  1 Apr 1922  the commanders of Interim Southern
                           Islands Defense Unit (see Palau)
 1 Apr 1922 - 1944         the Administrators of South
                           Seas Agency (see Palau)
Military Governors
       
1944 - 18 Jul 1947         the Commanders of U.S. Naval Forces
                          
Mariana Islands (see Northern Marianas)
Presidents
11 May 1979 - 11 May 1987  Tosiwo Nakayama                    (b. 1931 - d. 2007)  Non-party
11 May 1987 - 11 May 1991  John Richard Haglelgam             (b. 1949)            Non-party
11 May 1991 -  8 May 1997  Bailey Olter                       (b. 1932 - d. 1999)  Non-party
 8 Nov 1996 - 11 May 1999  Jacob Nena                         (b. 1941)            Non-party
                             (acting for incapacitated Olter to 8 May 1997)
11 May 1999 - 11 May 2003  Leo Amy Falcam                     (b. 1935)            Non-party
11 May 2003 - 11 May 2007  Joseph John Urusemal               (b. 1952)            Non-party
11 May 2007 -              Manny Mori                         (b. 1948)
            Non-party

No Formal Political Parties Exist








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