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Guernsey
 
[Bailiwick of Guernsey 1907-1985
                                  (Channel Islands, U.K.)]
to 13 Mar 1985

[Bailiwick of
                                  Guernsey (Channel Islands, U.K.)]
Adopted 13 May 1985
    

[Guernsey
                                  civil ensign (Channel Islands, U.K.)]
Adopted 13 May 1985 Civil Ensign

[Guernsey Government Ensign
                                    (Channel Islands, U.K.)]
Adopted 11 Jul 2000 Government Ensign


 Map of Guernsey
 Hear National Anthem
 "Dyu Sauve not' Gracieuse Royne"
(
God Save the Queen)
 Hear Local Anthem
"Sarnia Chière"
(Guernsey Dear)
from Nov 1911
Constitution
(unwritten)
----------------------------------
Reform (Guernsey) Law
(28 Aug 1948)
Capital: Saint Peter Port
(Saint Pierre Port)
Currencies: British Pound
 (GBP); and from 1827

Guernsey Pound
(GGP)
National Holiday: 9 May (1945)
Liberation Day
(
Lé Jour d'la Liberâtiaon)
Population: 66,697 (2018)
GDP: $3.47 billion (2015)
Exports: $86.4 million (1999)
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: British and Norman-French descent 64.3%,
 British 27.4%, Portuguese 1.9%, Irish 0.7%, other
European 3.2%, other 1.5% (2001)
Total Police and Customs Officers: 147 (2015)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.K.
Merchant marine: None (2017) 
Religions: Anglican 44.1%, other Christian 20.1%,
Roman Catholic 14.6%, non-religious 12.4%,
other 1.9% (2000)
International Organizations/Treaties: UPU
Guernsey
Index
Chronology

c.56 BC - 464 AD           Part of the Roman Empire along with Northern Gaul
                             (from 27 BC, part of Gallia Lugdunensis province),
                             Guernsey is named Sarnia
Sep 260 - Feb/Mar 274      Part of the breakaway Gallic Empire (Imperium
                             Galliarum).
464 - 486                  Under Syagrius (b. 430 - d. 487), who rules Northern
                             Gaul.
486                        Part of Kingdom of the Franks; named Sarnia, Lisia.
c.520                      Christianity introduced to Jersey by Saint Sampson
                             of Dol (b. c.485 - d. c.565).
838/856                    Islands are sacked by the Vikings.
867 - 933                  Part of the Duchy
of Brittany along with the
                            
Cotentin Peninsula (within France). Named variously
                             Vesargia, Guernsei, Gernesie, Gernezeye, Gernesey,
                             Guernezey, Gerneseye, or Garnsey.
933                        Channel Islands (in Norman: Îles d'la Manche, French:
                             Îles Anglo-Normandes) part of the Duchy of Normandy
                             along with the
Cotentin Peninsula (within France).
1028                       Guernsey is divided into two great fiefs, of which
                             the seigneurs had to pay rent to the Duke. Fief of
                             Néel (Nigel) to sieur de Saint Sauveur, and the
                             fief of Ansquetil to vicomte du Bessin (
Bayeux).
25 Dec 1066                William II (b. c.1028 - d. 1087), Duke of Normandy
                             (Dux Normanniae) since 1035, becomes king of
                             England. Normandy is separated from the crown of
                             England 9 Sep 1087-28 Sep 1106 and 14 Jan 1144-1150.

1179                        A charter signed in curia domini regis in
                            
Guernerreio ("in the Court of the Lord King in
                             Guernsey") is the first known reference to
                             Guernsey's Royal Court.
 8 Feb 1198 - 13 Dec 1487  Lordship of the Isles (Guernsey,
Jersey, Alderney,
                             Sark, Brechou, Herm, and Jethou); within the
                             Duchy of Normandy (until 24 Jun 1204)(see Jersey).
1202                       King Philip II of France declares Normandy a forfeited
                             fief, and by Jun 1204 the French army had conquered
                             Normandy, except for the Channel Islands.
24 Jun 1204                Channel Islands remain an English fiefdom when
                             Normandy (including the Chausey Islands south of
                             Jersey), return to French rule.
The English briefly
                             re-occupy Normandy in 1345-1360 and 1415-1450.

c.Sep 1205 - c.Jul 1206    French occupation.

c.1215                     Rights and privileges are formally granted to the
                             Islands by King John, according to tradition.
1216 - 24 Aug 1217         French led by Eustace "the Monk" (Eustache Busket "le
                             Moine")(b. c.1170 - d. 1217) seize the islands.
20 Sep 1217                By Treaty of
(Kingston) Lambeth, France agreed to
                             restore English possessions as of 1202, this
                             provision included such of the Channel Islands as
                             still remained in French hands.
1226                       King Henry III confirms the Channel Islands should
                             continue to enjoy the same liberties as they had
                             done under Henry II and Richard I.
 4 Dec 1259               
Treaty of Paris confirms the English loss of Normandy,
                             but the retention of the "islands (if any) which
                             the King of England should hold" under suzerainty
                             of the King of France (the islands are not named).
1295                       French devastating raid on Guernsey.
 8 Sep 1338 - 29 Oct 1340  French occupation of Guernsey, Alderney and Sark led
                             by Robert Bertram (continues in Castle Cornet only
                             until 17 Aug 1345).

10 Jul 1341                King Edward III confirms the privileges, liberties,
                             and customs of the Islands (again in 1378, Jun 1394,
                             May 1400, 1414, 1442, 1469, Dec 1483, 10 Feb 1486,
                             6 Mar 1548, 1604, and 1627).
24 Oct 1360                Treaty of Brétigny (Calais) (signed 8 May 1360)
                             provided a clause that the King of England shall
                             have and hold al1 islands which he "now holds"
                             (without naming them) and vassalage requirements
                             for the lands are ended by France.

Jun 1372 - Jul 1372        French paid Aragonese mercenaries led by Owen of Wales
                             (Owain Glyndwr ap Gruffydd
)(= Yvon de Galles
)
                            
(b. c.1359 - d. c.1416) occupy the island, only
                             forces in Castle Cornet hold out.

Apr 1404                   French raid under Jean de Penhoët,
Admiral of
                             Brittany (b. c.1360 - d. 1434).

c.1429                     First recorded mention an island assembly resembling
                             the States of Guernsey.
15 May 1461                Report of French attack on Guernsey and siege of
                             Castle Cornet.
1476                       Edward de Courtney is appointed the first separate
                             governor of Guernsey.
13 Dec 1487                Lady Anne de Beauchamp (b. 1429 - d. 1492)
resigned
                             her
claim to the islands ("Jersey, Guernesey,
                             Serke, Erme and Aureney") to the English Crown.
 4 Mar 1643          
      Guernsey declares for Parliament during the English
                             Civil War; Royalist forces control Castle Cornet
                             under siege until 15 Dec 1651.
19 May 1649 -  8 May 1660  Guernsey part of the Commonwealth of England.
27 Dec 1844                Loi de 1844 la Constitution des Etats, Order in
                             Council of 13 Dec 1844 (amended 25 Jun 1853, 6 Aug
                              1864, 26 Aug 1899, 8 Jun 1915, 30 Oct 1920).
20 Jun 1940                Demilitarization of the islands completed.
30 Jun 1940                German occupation of Guernsey.
 1 Jul 1940 -  9 May 1945  German occupation (
Britische Kanalinseln),
                            
subordinated to occupied France (to 14 Aug 1944)
                             (see under
Jersey for Channel Islands military
                             government).

 9 May 1945 - 24 Aug 1945  British military administration (see under Jersey).
28 Aug 1948                Reform (Guernsey) Law of 1948 (5 Aug 1948) Order in
                             Council ratifying a Projet de Loi (amended 1950,
                             1952, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1972, 1975, 1978, 1984,
                             1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2006,
                             2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2019).

Alderney
Sark
Brechou
(Brecqhou)
Herm
Jethou
Lihou
Hauteville House
 

Lords of the Isles (Dominus [Domina] insularum/Seigneur des îles)
 8 Feb 1198 - 13 Dec 1487  see under Jersey

Wardens/Guardians of the Isles (Jersey and Guernsey)
1204 - 1476                see under Jersey

Wardens/Guardians for Guernsey (Custos insularum)
c.1154                     Sir Walter Dunker
c.1167                     Sir Peter Cornet
c.1180                     Robert de Haverlant
c.1199                     Sir William Orseth
1203 - 1206                Gregory Balizan (Balizon)
1206 - 1207                Pierre de Préaux                   (d. 1212)

Aug 1207 - 1212            Philippe d'Albini I                (d. 1236)
                             (Philippe d'Aubigné)
1212 - 1260                ....

1230 - 1234                Philippe de Carteret
                           + Amaury de Saint-Amand            (b. 1190 - d. 1241)
c.1232                     Jean de Lambersard
                             (connétable
)
1234 - 1262                ....
1262 - 1267                Sir Gilbert Talbot
                           + Thomas Boulton
1267 - 1269                Guillaume de Barentin
1269 - 1270                Hugh de Trubleville (Turbeville)
1270 - 1278                ....
- Lieutenants -
1278 - 1281                Guille de Saint-Remi (1st time)
                           + Denis de Tilbury
c.1282 - 1288              Renaut d'Ashwell
                             (
de Ashewell, de Eyswell, de Suelle)
1288 - 1290                Sir Stephen Wallard (Waller)(1st time)
1290 - 1291                Guille de Saint-Remi (2nd time) 
1291 - 1293                Sir Stephen Wallard (Waller)(2nd time)
1294                      
Henri de Bonvillars (1st time)
1294 - 1299                ....
1299                       Henri de Bonvillars
(2nd time)
1299 - 1302                Guillaume de Cosington
1302 - 1309                ....

1309                       Massey de la Court
1309 - 1334                ....

131. - 13..                Thomas de Hamptonne

1334 - 1337                Gautier de Weston

French Commander
Sep 1338 - Jun 1340        Nicolas Béhuchet de Musy de      
  (b. 1288 - d. 1340)
                             La Loupe d'Escrignolles
Lord of Guernsey
 8 Sep 1338 - 29 Oct 1340  Robert VIII Bertrand de Bricquebec,(b. c.1273 - d. 1348)
                             Baron de Bricquebec
Wardens/Guardians for Guernsey (Custos insularum)
1340 - 1347                ....
1347 - 1348                Sir Ralph de Harmesthorpe
1348 - 1357                ....
1357                       Thomas de Langhurst

1363                       Guillaume de Birketon 
1365                       Nicolas de Cheney (Chaeney)
1368 - 1371                Guillaume d'Asthorp                (d. 1399)
                             (=
William Asthorpe)
1371                       Jean Coke (1st time)
Jun 1372 - Jul 1372        Yvon de Galles -French commander   (d. 1378)
                             (= Owain Lawgoch ap Tomas [Owen of Wales])
1372 - 1373                Ralph de Harmesthrope
1373 - 1374?               Guillaume d'Asthorp                (s.a.)
                             (=
William Asthorpe)
1374                       Jean Coke
(2nd time)
12 Aug 1374 - 1376         Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl          (b. 1338/39 - d. 1401)
                             of Warwick
1376 - 1378               
....
1378 - 1382                Henri Rider (Ryther)
                             (lieutenant)
1382 - 1405                ....
11 May 1405 - 1405         Sir Jean de Lisle                  (b. 1366 - d. 1408)

1405 - 1460                ....
1460                       Druet Le Marchant 
1466                       Thomas de la Court                
(d. 1470)
                             (lieutenant)
1468 - 14 Apr 1471         Geoffrey Walsh,
seigneur de        (d. 1471)
                             Handois (captain)
1471 - 1476                ....
Governors
of Guernsey
1476 - 1477                Edward de Courtney            
 4 Nov 1477 - 1478         William de Courtney
11 Feb 1478 - 1482         Sir John Ditchfield
(Dichefeld)
                             (= Sire Jean d'Ichfiled)
24 Aug 1482 - 1485         Sir Edward Brampton                (b. 1444 - d. 1508)
25 Jan 1485 - 1485         Thomas Rydley (Ridley)
28 Nov 1485 - 1486         Edmund Weston                      (b. c.1436 - d. 1509)
                           + Thomas de Saint-Martin           (b. 14.. - d. 1515)
Governors and Captains of Guernsey and Jersey
 
5 Apr
1486 - 23 Jul 1487  Matthew Baker                      (b. 14.. - d. 1513)
                           + David Phelip (Philips)           (d. c.1503/10)

Governors of Guernsey
Jul 1487 - 1505/06         David Phelip (Philips)             (s.a.)
                             (from 1503, Sir David Phelip)
1505/06 -  7 Aug 1541      Sir Richard Weston                 (b. 1465 - d. 1541)

                           - serving jointly -
Oct 1533 - 1536            Sir Francis Weston                
(b. 1511? - d. 1536)
 7 Aug 1541 - 1545         Sir Richard Long                   (b. 1474 - d. 1546)

Mar 1545 - 1553            Sir Peter Mewtas (Mewtis)          (d. 1562)
25 Sep 1553 - 22 May 1560  Sir Leonard Chamberlain            (b. c.1520 - d. 1560)
                          
- serving jointly -
25 Sep 1553
- 1570         Sir Francis Chamberlain            (b. c.1542 - d. 1570)

14 Apr 1570 - Feb 1610     Sir Thomas Leighton                (b. 1528 - d. 1610)
Feb 1610 - Mar 1621        George, Lord Carew of Clopton,     (b. 1555 - d. 1629) 
                             Earl of Totnes
 1 Jul 1621 - 20 Jan 1644  Henry Danvers, Lord Danvers        (b. 1573 - d. 1644)
                             (from 5 Feb 1626, Earl of Danby)
29 Aug 1643 - 1647         Robert Rich, Earl of Warwick       (b. 1587 - d. 1658)
                             (Warwicke)(for Parliament)
20 Jan 1644 - May 1646     Sir Peter Osborne                  (b. 1584 - d. 1653)
                             (
Royalist, left Castle Cornet May 1646)
29 May 1646 - May 1649     Sir Baldwin Wake (acting)
                             (Royalist, in Castle Cornet)
1647 - 1649                James Harrison (acting)
                             (for Parliament)
Oct 1649 - 15 Dec 1651     Henry Percy, Baron Percy of Alnwick(b. c.1604 - d. 1659)          

                             (Royalist)
22 Oct 1649 - 1650         Alban Coxe (Cox)                  
(b. c.1600 - d.1665)
                             (for Parliament)
26 Oct 1649 - 15 Dec 1651  Sir Roger Burgess (acting)
                             (Royalist, in Castle Cornet)
1650 - Apr 1651            Henry Sharp (acting)
                             (for Parliament)
Apr 1651 - 1653            John Bingham                      
(b. 1615 - d. 1673)
                             (for Parliament)
1653 - 1654                John Clark (acting)
                             (for Parliament)
1654 - 1659                Charles Waterhouse (acting)
                             (for Parliament)
1659 - 28 Feb 1660         John Weaver (acting)
                             (for Parliament)
28 Feb 1660 -  2 May 1661  Henry Wansey
(Wanseye)(acting)
                             (for Parliament to 8 May 1660)
 
2 May 1661 - 22 May 1662  Sir Hugh Pollard                   (b. 1603 - d. 1666)
22 May 1662 -  4 Jul 1670  Christopher Hatton, Baron Hatton   (b. 1605 - d. 1670) 
                            
of Kirby (suspended from Feb 1665)
Feb 1665 -  4 Jul 1670     Sir Jonathan Atkins
               (b. 1603 - d. 1702)
                             (acting for suspended Hatton)
 4 Jul 1670 - Sep 1706     Christopher Hatton, (from 11 Dec   (b. 1632 - d. 1706)

                             1683, Viscount Hatton of Gretton,
                             Northamptonshire)

21 Dec 1706 - 1711         Charles Churchill                  (b. 1656 - d. 1714)
1711 - 17 Jun 1715         Giles Spicer (acting)              (b. 1647 - d. 17..)
17 Jun 1715 -  6 Sep 1732  Daniel Harvey, Lord Harvey         (b. 1664 - d. 1732)

 
9 Oct 1732 -  7 May 1733  George Cholmondeley, Earl          (b. 1666 - d. 1733)
                             of Cholmondeley
18 Aug 1733 - 23 Jul 1737  Richard Sutton                     (b. 1674 - d. 1737)
 
6 Oct 1737 -  9 Aug 1739  Francis de La Rochefoucauld,       (b. 1672 - d. 1739)
                             marquis de Montandre     
 
9 Aug 1739 - 12 Mar 1742  John Graham (acting)               (d. 1745)     
12 Mar 1742 -  7 Feb 1750  Algernon Seymour, Lord Percy,      (b. 1684 - d. 1750) 
                             (from 2 Dec 1748, Duke of Somerset,
                             from 2 Dec 1749, Earl of Northumberland)

 
6 Apr 1750 - 13 Jun 1752  Sir John Louis Ligonier            (b. 1680 - d. 1770)
13 Jun 1752 - 16 Mar 1766  John West, Earl de la Warr         (b. 1693 - d. 1766)
                             (
Delawarr)
17 Mar 1766 -  1 Oct 1770  Sir Richard Lyttelton              (b. 1718 - d. 1770)
Oct 1770 -  3 Aug 1797     Sir Jeffery Amherst                (b. 1717 - d. 1797)
                             (from 20 May 1776, Jeffery Amherst,
                             Baron Amherst of Holmesdale)
 
4 Oct 1797 - 14 Nov 1807  Charles Grey, Earl Grey of Howick  (b. 1729 - d. 1807)
25 Nov 1807 - 26 Oct 1827  George Augustus Herbert Pembroke,  (b. 1759 - d. 1827)
                             Earl of Pembroke
 
3 Nov 1827 - 11 Dec 1834  Sir William Keppell                (b. 1752 - d. 1834)
11 Dec 1834                Post abolished
Lieutenant-Governors
(frequently acting for the Governors to 1834)

1488 - 1490                John April
1509 - 1522                Oliver Oglander                    (d. 1536)
1522 - 1533                Thomas Oglander    
1551 - 1570                Thomas Compton
Feb 1507 - 14 Apr 1570     Sir Thomas Leighton                (s.a.)
1580 - 1588                Thomas Wigmore

1591                       George Paulet
1600                       Edward la Zouche, Baron Zouche     (b. 1556 - d. 1625)
1605 - 1608                Peter Carey
1610 - 1620                Sir Amice de Carteret              (b. 1559 - d. 1631)
1620                       Thomas Andros                      (b. c.1571 - d. 1637)
1621 - 20 Jan 1644         Sir Peter Osborne                  (s.a.)
1632                       Peter de Beauvoir                  (d. 1648)
                             (deputy lieutenant governor)
1643                       Robert Russell

                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
1643 - 1647                Jean Le Corbet
                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
1644 - 1646                Nathaniel Darrell

                             (Royalist, in Castle Cornet)
29 May 1646 - May 1649     Sir Baldwin Wake
                             (Royalist, in Castle Cornet)
1647 - 1650                James Harrison 

                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
26 Oct 1649 - 15 Dec 1651  Sir Roger Burgess
                             (appointed by royalists, in Castle Cornet)
1650                       Henry Sharp
(1st time)
                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
1653 - 1654                John Clark
                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
1654 - 1659                Charles Waterhouse

                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
1659 - 28 Feb 1660         John Weaver (Wayvern)
                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
28 Feb 1660 - 24 Apr 1660  Henry Wanseye

                             (deputy governor, for Parliament)
24 Apr 1660 -  2 May 1661  Henry Sharp
(2nd time)
 
2 May 1661 - 1664         Nathaniel Darrell, Jr.
1664 - Dec 1680            William Sheldon                    (b. 1609 - d. 1680)

1681                       George Lyttleton
1684                       Charles Hatton
1685                       Charles Macarty
1687 - 1688                John Legge
1688                       Sidney Godolphin                   (b. 1652 - d. 1732)
1689 - Dec 1703            Bernard Ellis                      (b. 16.. - d. 1703)
1704 - 1706                Sir Edmund Andros                  (b. 1637 - d. 1714)
1707                       Oliver Hetherington
1711 - 1726                Giles Spicer                       (s.a.)
1726 - 1735                Louis Dollon
1735 - 1745                John Graham                        (s.a.)                        
1745 - 1756                Charles Strahan                    (d. 1757)
1756 - 1776                Sir John Mylne                     (b. c.1701 - d. 1791)
1776 - 1783                Paulus Aemilius Irving             (b. 1751 - d. 1828)
Feb 1784 - Jun 1793        William James Browne               (d. 1793)
Jun 1793 - Oct 1793        Thomas Dundas                      (b. 1741 - d. 1820)
Oct 1793 - Dec 1793        James Henry Craig                  (b. 1748 - d. 1812)
24 Dec 1793 - 17 Mar 1796  John Small                         (b. 1726 - d. 1796)
Mar 1796 - 1802            Sir Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple       (b. 1750 - d. 1830)
29 Jul 1803 - 1816         Sir John Doyle                     (b. 1750 - d. 1834)
Apr 1816 - 1821            Henry Bayley                       (b. 1769 - d. 1846)
23 Jul 1821 - Aug 1828     John Colborne                      (b. 1778 - d. 1863)
14 Aug 1828 - 1837         John Dawes Ross                    (b. 1769 - d. 1843)
Lieutenant Governors and Colonels on Staff
 
1 Apr 1837 - 1842         Sir James Dawes Douglas            (b. 1785 - d. 1862)
 
1 Apr 1842 - Dec 1847     Sir William Francis Patrick Napier (b. 1785 - d. 1860)
24 Jan 1848 - 30 Jun 1854  Sir John Bell                      (b. 1782 - d. 1876)
 1 Aug 1854 - 10 May 1855  William Thomas Knollys             (b. 1797 - d. 1883)
22 Nov 1855 -  1 Apr 1859  George Judd Harding                (b. 1788? - d. 1860)
 1 Apr 1859 -  1 Apr 1864  Marcus John Slade                  (b. 1801 - d. 1872)
 1 Apr 1864 -  1 May 1869  Charles Rochfort Scott             (b. 1797 - d. 1872)
 1 May 1869 -  1 May 1874  Edward Charles Frome               (b. 1802 - d. 1890)
 1 May 1874 - 30 Apr 1879  St. George Gerald Foley            (b. 1814 - d. 1897)
 1 May 1879 - 10 Oct 1883  Alexander Abercromby Nelson        (b. 1816 - d. 1893)
10 Oct 1883 -  1 Nov 1885  Henry Andrew Sarel                 (b. 1823 - d. 1887)
 1 Nov 1885 - 21 Feb 1889  John Henry Ford Elkington          (b. 1830 - d. 1889)
21 Mar 1889 - 1894         Edward Gascoigne Bulwer            (b. 1829 - d. 1910)
Lieutenant Governors and Commanding the Troops
16 Mar 1894 - 1899         Nathaniel Stevenson                (b. 1840 - d. 1911)

16 Mar 1899 - 1903         Michael Henry Saward               (b. 1840 - d. 1928)
 
1 Apr 1903 - 1908         Barrington Bulkeley Douglas        (b. 1845 - d. 1918)
                             Campbell 
 
1 Apr 1908 - Feb 1911     Robert Auld                        (b. 1848 - d. 1911)
10 May 1911 - 1914         Edward Owen Fisher Hamilton        (b. 1854 - d. 1944)
                             (from 19 Jun 1911, Sir Edward Owen Fisher Hamilton)
 
8 Apr 1914 - 1914         Henry Merrick Lawson               (b. 1859 - d. 1933)
18 Nov 1914 - 1918         Sir Reginald Clare Hart            (b. 1848 - d. 1931)
 
8 Jun 1918 - 1920         Sir Launcelot Edward Kiggell       (b. 1862 - d. 1954)
23 Jun 1920 - 1925         John Edward Capper                 (b. 1861 - d. 1955)
 
1 Jul 1925 - 1929         Sir Charles John Sackville-West    (b. 1870 - d. 1962)
                             (from 28 Jan 1928, Charles John
                             Sackville-West, Baron Sackville)
 
5 Jun 1929 - 1934         Walter Patrick Hore Ruthven,       (b. 1870 - d. 1956)
                             Lord Ruthven of Freeland,
                             Baron Ruthven of Gowrie, of Gowrie,
                             in the county of Perth

 
5 Jun 1934 - 1939         Edward Nicholson Broadbent         (b. 1875 - d. 1944) 
                            
(from 11 May 1937, Sir Edward Nicholson Broadbent)            
 
5 Jun 1939 -  7 Jun 1940  Alexander Patrick Drummond Telfer- (b. 1884 - d. 1954)
                             Smollet   
 7 Jun 1940 - 21 Jun 1940  John Randle Minshull-Ford          (b. 1881 - d. 1948)

21 Jun 1940 - 25 Jun 1940  Victor Gosselin Carey (acting)     (b. 1871 - d. 1957)
Presidents of the Controlling Committee of the States of Guernsey
25 Jun 1940 - 21 Oct 1940  Ambrose James Sherwill             (b. 1890 - d. 1968)
21 Oct 1940 - 25 Aug 1945  John Leale (acting to 30 Dec 1940) (b. 1892 - d. 1969)
Lieutenant Governors and Commanders-in-Chief of the Island of Guernsey and its Dependencies

25 Aug 1945 - 1953         Philip Neame                       (b. 1888 - d. 1978)
16 Oct 1953 - 1958         Thomas Walker Elmhirst             (b. 1895 - d. 1982)
11 Dec 1958 - 1964         Sir William Geoffrey Arthur Robson (b. 1902 - d. 1989)
16 Jan 1964 - 1969         Sir Cyril Frederick Charles Coleman(b. 1903 - d. 1974)
30 May 1969 - 1974         Sir Charles Piercy Mills           (b. 1914 - d. 2006)
 
4 Oct 1974 - 1980         Sir John Edward Ludgate Martin     (b. 1918 - d. 2011)
22 Apr 1980 - 1985         Sir Peter de Lacey Le Cheminant    (b. 1920 - d. 2018)
 
2 Aug 1985 - 1990         Sir Alexander Crawford Simpson     (b. 1928)
                             Boswell 
22 Oct 1990 - 25 Apr 1994  Sir Michael Compton Lockwood       (b. 1933 - d. 1994)
                             Wilkins
 
6 Sep 1994 - Apr 2000     Sir John Francis Coward            (b. 1937 - d. 2020)
25 Apr 2000 - 28 Sep 2005  Sir John Paul Foley                (b. 1939)
28 Sep 2005 - 18 Oct 2005  Geoffrey Robert Rowland (1st time) (b. 1948)
                             (acting)
18 Oct 2005 - 23 Feb 2011  Sir Fabian Malbon                  (b. 1946)
23 Feb 2011 - 15 Apr 2011  Geoffrey Robert Rowland (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)
15 Apr 2011 -  6 Sep 2015  Peter Brett Walker                 (b. 1949 - d. 2015)
 6 Sep 2015 - 14 Mar 2016  Sir Richard John Collas (acting)   (b. 1953)
14 Mar 2016 -              Ian Fergus Corder                  (b. 1960)

                             (from 11 Jun 2016, Sir Ian Fergus Corder)


Bailiffs
(Ballivus/Bailli du Gardien)
1264                       Gautier de la Salle
1270 - 1277                Hugues de Trubleville

1278 - 1281                Guillaume de Saint-Remi (1st time) (s.a.)
1282 - 1287                Renault de Ashwell
1288 - 1296                Guillaume de Saint-Remi (2nd time) (s.a.)
1297 - 1298                Sir Nicolas de Cheney              (s.a.)
1298 - 1299                Pierre Le Marchant
1299 - 1300                Radulphus de Gand
1300 - 1301                Robert Comberwell
1301 - 1302                Radulph de Haverland
1302 - 1303                Jean de Newent
1303 - 1304                Radulphus Gaultier
1304 - 1305                Pierre Le Marchant (1st time)
1305 - 1310                Massey de la Court (1st time)
1310 - 1311                Jacques de Vinchelez (1st time)
1311 - 1312                Robert Le Gay (1st time)
1313 - 1314                Gaultier de la Hogue
1315 - 1316                Massey de la Court (2nd time)
1317 - 1318                Pierre Le Marchant (2nd time)
1318 - 1319                Massey de la Court (3rd time)
1319 - 1320                Robert Le Gay (2nd time)
1320 - 1321                Radulphus Gaultier
1321 - 1322                Jean Le Marchant (1st time)
1322 - 1323                Jacques de Vinchelez (2nd time)
1323 - 1324                Guillaume Le Petit (1st time)
1324 - 1325                Guillaume de Souslemont
1325 - 1325                Guillaume Le Petit (2nd time)
1326 - 1327                Pierre de Garis
1327 - 1328                Henri de Saint-Martin
1328 - 1329                Radulphus Le Gay (1st time)
1329 - 1330                Radulphus Cokerel (Cocquerel)
1330 - 1331                Geffroi de la Hogue
1331 - 1331/32             Thomas d'Esterfield
1331/32 - 1340             Radulphus Le Gay (2nd time)
1340 - 1356                Jean de la Lande 
1357 - 1383                Jean Le Marchant
1384 - 1387                Jean Nicolas (or Nicolle)
1387 - 1411                Gervais de Clermont
1412 - 1432                Jean Cocquerel (Cockerell)
1433 - 1445                Thomas de la Court (1st time)      (s.a.)
1446 - 1447                Jean Henry
1447 - 1465                Guillaume Cartier
1466 - 1470                Thomas de la Court (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1470 - 1479                Pierre de Beauvoir
1480 - 1481                Édmond de Cheney
1481 - 1482                Nicolas Fouaschin (Fashion)
1483 - 1498                Jean Blondel
1499 - 1510                Jean Martin
1511 - 1537                Jacques Guille
1538 - 1544                Thomas Compton (1st time)
1545 - 1549                Jean Haryvell
12 Oct 1549 - Oct 1563     Hélier Gosselin                    (b. 1505 - d. 1580)
Oct 1563 - 1570            Thomas Compton (2nd time)
1571 - 1581                Guillaume de Beauvoir
1581 - 1588                Thomas Wigmore
1588 - 1601                Louis de Vic                       (b. c.1540 - d. 1607)
1601 - 1631                Sir Amice de Carteret              (s.a.)
1631 - 1644                Jean de Quetteville                (b. 1574 - d. c.1648)
                             (in Jul 1642 suspended as a Royalist by the States;
                             continues in opposition Feb-Dec 1647)
24 Dec 1644 - 1651         Pierre de Beauvoir, (1st time)     (b. 1599 - d. 1678)
                            
seigneur des Granges
                             (for Parliament)
1652 - Oct 1653            Pierre de Beauvior, (2nd time)     (s.a.)

                             seigneur des Granges
                             (for Parliament)
Nov 1653 - 11 Feb 1656    
the Jurats (in monthly rotation)
                           - John (Jean) Faurtrart
                             (Nov 1653, Sep 1654)
                           - Peter (Pierre) Carey
                             (Dec 1653, Nov 1654, Oct 1655)
                           - John (Jean) Bonamy
                             (Jan 1654, Dec 1654, Nov 1655)
                           - James (Jacques) le Marchant
                             (Feb 1654, Jan 1655)
                           - James de Havilland               (b. 1612 - d. 1674)
                             (Mar 1654, Feb 1655)
                           - John (Jean) de Sausmarez
                             (Apr 1654, Mar 1655, Dec 1655)
                           - John (Jean) de Quetteville
                             (May 1654, Apr 1655, Jan 1656)
                           - Andrew (André) Monamy            (b. 1612 - d. 1680)
                             (Jun 1654, May 1655, Feb-11 Feb 1656)
                           - John (Jean) le Mesurier
                             (Jul 1654, Jun 1655)
                           - James (Jacques) Guille
                             (Aug 1654, Jul 1655)
                           - Josué Gosselin (Oct 1654)
                           - Philip Baudain (Aug 1655)
                           - Pierre de Beauvoir (Sep 1655)    (s.a.)
                           (for Parliament)
11 Feb 1656 - 1660         Pierre de Beauvoir (3rd time)      (s.a.)

                             (for Parliament)
1660 - 1661                Josué Gosselin (acting)

 
2 May 1661 - 1674         Amias Andros                       (b. 1610 - d. 1674)
1674 - 24 Feb 1714         Sir Edmund Andros                  (s.a.)
1714 - 1728                Jean de Sausmarez                  (b. 1706 - d. 1773)
1728 - 13 Sep 1751         Josué Le Marchant                  (b. c.1678 - d. 1751)
1751 - Dec 1757            Eléazar Le Marchant                (d. 1757)
1758 - 1771                Samuel Bonamy                      (d. 1771)
1771 - 19 Nov 1800         William Le Marchant                (d. 1800)
Nov 1800 - 1810            Robert Porret Le Marchant          (b. c.1749 - d. 1840)
 
7 Apr 1810 - 14 Apr 1821  Peter de Havilland                 (b. 1747 - d. 1821)
                            
(from 6 Mar 1817, Sir Peter de Havilland)
27 Apr 1821 - 24 Sep 1842  Daniel de Lisle Brock              (b. 1762 - d. 1842)

28 Nov 1842 -  3 Jun 1845  Jean Guille                        (b. 1788 - d. 1845)
28 Jun 1845 - May 1883     Peter Stafford Carey               (b. 1803 - d. 1886)
                            
(from 23 Nov 1863, Sir Peter Stafford Carey)
23 Jul 1883 - 19 Jun 1884  John de Havilland Utermarck        (b. 1818 - d. 1884)

19 Jun 1884 - 1895         Edgar MacCulloch                   (b. 1808 - d. 1896)
                             (acting to 26 Sep 1884)
                             (from 8 May 1886, Sir Edgar MacCulloch) 

22 Jul 1895 - 1902         Thomas Godfrey Carey               (b. 1832 - d. 1906)
                             (from 27 Jun 1900, Sir Thomas Godfrey Carey) 
 
1 Feb 1902 - 1908         Sir Henry Alexander Giffard        (b. 1838 - d. 1927)
23 May 1908 - 27 Jul 1915  William Carey                      (b. 1853 - d. 1915)
                             (from 1 Jan 1915, Sir William Carey) 
25 Oct 1915 - 15 Dec 1922  Sir Edward Chepmell Ozanne         (b. 1852 - d. 1929)
15 Dec 1922 -  1 Oct 1929  Sir Havilland Walter de Sausmarez  (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
 
1 Oct 1929 - 26 May 1935  Arthur William Bell                (b. 1868 - d. 1935)
12 Jul 1935 - 27 Feb 1946  Victor Gosselin Carey              (s.a.)
                             (under German occupation 1 Jul 1940 - 9 May 1945)
                             (from 11 Dec 1945, Sir Victor Gosselin Carey)  
27 Feb 1946 - 13 Feb 1960  Ambrose James Sherwill             (s.a.)

                             (from 12 Jul 1949, Sir Ambrose James Sherwill) 
13 Feb 1960 - 21 Jul 1973  William Henry Arnold               (b. 1903 - d. 1973)
                             (from 1 Jan 1963, Sir William Henry Arnold) 
27 Jul 1973 -  6 Aug 1982  Sir John Henry Loveridge           (b. 1912 - d. 1994)
 6 Aug 1982 - 18 Feb 1992  Charles Keith Frossard             (b. 1922 - d. 2012)
                             (from 20 Jul 1983, Sir Charles Keith Frossard) 
18 Feb 1992 - 28 Mar 1999  Graham Martyn Dorey                (b. 1932 - d. 2015)
                             (from 28 Oct 1992, Sir Graham Martyn Dorey) 
28 Mar 1999 - 15 Jun 2005  de Vic Graham Carey                (b. 1940)
                             (from 1 Jan 2002, Sir de Vic Carey) 
16 Jun 2005 - 23 Mar 2012  Geoffrey Robert Rowland            (b. 1948)
                             (from 13 Jun 2009, Sir Geoffrey Robert Rowland)     
23 Mar 2012 -  9 May 2020  Richard John Collas                (s.a.)
                             (from 14 Jun 2014, Sir Richard John Collas)
 9 May 2020 -              Richard James McMahon              (b. 1962)
                             (acting to 11 May 2020)


Chief ministers

 1 May 2004 -  5 Mar 2004  Laurence "Laurie" C. Morgan        (b. 1930 - d. 2018)  Non-party
 5 Mar 2007 -  1 May 2008  Michael "Mike" W. Torode                                Non-party
 1 May 2008 -  1 May 2012  Lyndon Sean Trott                  (b. 1964)            Non-party
 1 May 2012 - 12 Mar 2014  Peter Harwood                      (b. 1947)            Non-party
12 Mar 2014 -  4 May 2016  Jonathan Paul Le Tocq              (b. 1964)            Non-party
Presidents of the Policy and Resources Committee
(from 26 May 2016, also called Chief minister)
 4 May 2016 -
16 Oct 2020  Gavin St. Pier                     (b. 1967)       Non-party;2020 GPI
16 Oct 2020 -              Peter Ferbrache                    (b. 1951)            Non-party


German Island Commandants Guernsey (Inselkommandanten Guernsey)
(from 26 Sep 1940, subordinated to the Commanders, Channel Islands)
30 Jun 1940 -  1 Jul 1940  Friedrich Hessel                   (b. 1902 - d. 19..)
                             (Aufklärungsgruppe 123)
 
1 Jul 1940 - 15 Sep 1940  Albrecht Lanz (I/IR 396)           (b. 1898 - d. 1942)
15 Sep 19401 Apr 1941  Fritz Eduard Hellmuth Bandelow     (b. 1898 - d. 19..)
                             (Maschinengewehr Battalion 16)
 1 Apr 1941 - 30 Apr 1941  .... (I/IR 398)
30 Apr 1941 - 20 Jun 1941  .... (I/IR 584)
20 Jun 1941 - 28 Jun 1941  .... (IR 584)
28 Jun 1941 - 31 Aug 1943  Erich Reinhard Müller (319 ID)     (b. 1889 - d. 1960)
 1 Sep 1943 - 
5 Mar 1944  Rudolf Graf von Schmettow          (b. 1891 - d. 1970)
                             (319 ID)
Commandants of Fortress Guernsey (Festungskommandanten Guernsey)
(subordinated to the Commanders, Channel Islands)
 5 Mar 1944 - 26 Feb 1945  Rudolf Graf von Schmettow          (s.a.)
                             (319 ID)
26 Feb 1945 - 13 Mar 1945  ....
13 Mar 1945 -  9 May 1945  Siegfried Ludwig August Friedrich  (b. 1883 - d. 1975)
                             Johann Paul Heine

                             (Grenadier Regt. 583)
British Military Island Commander,
Guernsey

(subordinated to the officer commanding the Armed Forces, Channel Islands)
 9 May 1945 - 24 Aug 1945  Ernest George Stoneman             (b. 1895 - d. 1977)

German Leaders of the Branch Office Guernsey of the Military Administration Unit 515
(Leitern der Nebenstelle Guernsey
der Feldkommandantur 515)
(subordinated to heads of Military Administration Unit)
 
9 Aug 1940 - 28 Feb 1943  Eugen Wolfgang Karl Friedrich      (b. 1885 - d. 1969)
                             Joseph Fürst zu Oettingen-Oettingen
                             und Oettingen-Wallerstein
 1 Mar 1943 - 19 May 1944 
Jacob Kratzer                      (b. 1892 - d. 1974)
Commandants of Field Command Guernsey (Pltazkommandanten Guernsey)
19 May
1944 - 28 Feb 1945  ....

28 Feb 1945 -  9 May 1945  Rudolf Reich

Party abbreviations (political parties did not exist before 2020): APG = Alliance Party Guernsey (est.17 Feb 2000); GP = Guernsey Party (center-right, est.6 Aug 2020); GPI = Guernsey Partnership of Independents (centrist, autonomist, est.18 Aug 2020)



Alderney
[Alderney
                          (Guernsey, Channel Islands, U.K.)
Adopted 1906 (confirmed 20 Dec 1993)
[Alderney
                          Government Ensign (Guernsey, Channel Islands,
                          U.K.)
Adopted 15 Aug 2007 Government Ensign
Map of Alderney
Capital: Saint Anne
Local Holiday:
15 Dec (1945)
Homecoming Day
(Jour de
Repatriatiaoun)
Local Currencies:
Alderney Pound;
Guernsey Pound (GGP); British
Pound (GBP)
Constitution
(Government of
Alderney Law;
1 May 2005)
Population: 2,035 (2016)

c.56 BC - 464 AD           Part of the Roman Empire along with Northern Gaul
                             (from 27 BC, part of Gallia Lugdunensis province),
                             Alderney named Arica or Aurica.
Sep 260 - Feb/Mar 274      Part of the breakaway Gallic Empire.
464 - 486                  Under Syagrius, who rules Northern Gaul.
486                        Part of Kingdom of the Franks; named Aurigny, Origny, Aureneye,
                             Alrenon, or Aurnay.
838/856                    Islands are sacked by the Vikings.
867 - 933                  Part of the Duchy
of Brittany along with the Cotentin Peninsula
                             (within France).

933                        Alderney (île d'Aurigny [Aoeur'gny]), p
art of the Duchy of Normandy
                             (within France).
1028 - 1057                Possession of the Mont-Saint-Michel Abbey (granted to the Abbey
                             by the Dukes of Normandy in 1028 and 1034).

1057 - 1228                Possession of the Bishops of Coutances.
25 Dec 1066                William II (b. c.1028 - d. 1087), Duke of Normandy since 1035,
                             becomes William I King of England.

Dec 1205 - Apr 1206        French occupation by forces under Eustace "the Monk" (Eustache Busket
                             "le Moine")(b. c.1170 - d. 1217)

c.1212 - Dec 1214          Occupation by forces of Eustace "the Monk."
1228                       England strips the Bishop
of Coutances of rights to Alderney.
1236                       A report on status of the island records that the government was by
                             six Jurats under a Prèvôt. The first record of a Greffier
                             (the Clerk) is dated 1652.
24 Oct 1260                England restored the rights of the Bishop of Coutances to Alderney.
                             under the Treaty of Calais (Brétigny).
1336                       David Bruce, a Scottish refugee in France, leads a raid on the
                             islands and causes considerable damage to Alderney and Sark.
 8 Sep 1338 - 29 Oct 1340  French occupation.
1360                      
England restored the rights of the Bishop of Coutances to Alderney.
1558  (two weeks)          Occupied by French under Captain Malesarde.

1559                       George Chamberlain appointed as the Lieutenant-Governor of Alderney
                             and 1560 buys the title and lease of Alderney from the Crown.
1568                       Queen Elizabeth I orders the Bishop of Coutances to hand the island
                             over to the Bishop of Winchester.

30 Sep 1585                Alderney
leased to John Chamberlain, brother of George, by the Crown.

26 Mar 1590                Leased by
Chamberlain to Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex. 
1607                      
Earl of Essex sells his lease to William Chamberlain.
 
4 Mar 1643 - May 1660     Administered by Parliamentary forces during the English Civil War.
29 Aug 1660                Crown grants Alderney by letters patent to Edward de Carteret,
                             James de Carteret and Clément Le Couteur. Who on 7 Sep 1660
                             grant their rights to George de Carteret.
29 Aug 1660 - 13 Apr 1825  Alderney separated from Guernsey.
 
6 Apr 1683                Crown grants letters patent to Edmund Andros and his wife for
                             Alderney for 99 years.
 1 Oct 1764                Crown grants new letters patent for Alderney to John Le Mesurier.
15 Apr 1825                John Le Mesurier cedes his letters patent to the U.K. government,
                             Alderney subordinated to Guernsey. 
23 Jun 1940 - 15 Dec 1945  Nearly all of the population evacuated.
 2 Jul 1940 - 16 May 1945  German occupation.
16 May 1945 - 15 Dec 1945  British military administration (fully departing May 1946).
16 Jul 1948                The States approves the "Alderney (Application of Legislation) Law,"
                             surrendering to Guernsey the responsibility for, and control of,
                             the administration of Alderney. 
30 Dec 1948                Government of Alderney Law, 1948 registered (replaced 30 Jun 1987
                             and 20 Oct 2004 [effective 1 May 2005]).

Lords of Alderney (Dominus Alrenon
1182 - c.1222              Guillaume L'Ingénieur
                             (
Wilhelmus Artifex)
c.1222 - 1238              Pierre L'Ingénieur                   (d. 1238)
                           + Mayn (Magnerus) L'Ingénieur 
1238                       title abolished
Guardian
(Gardien d'Auregny)
1290 - af.1302             Raoul Eudes
Governor

1376 - 1379                Thomas Porteman
Marshal 
1546 - 15..                Robert de Turberville
Lieutenant Governors (for Parliament 4 Mar 1643 - May 1660)
1559 - 1584                George Chamberlain, Baron of Guernsey
29 May 1584 - 26 Mar 1590  John Chamberlain, of Longcombe,
                             Baron Oxfordshire
26 Mar 1590 - 25 Feb 1601  Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex       (b. 1566 - d. 1601)
25 Feb 1601 - 1604         Vacant
1604 - 1607                Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex       (b. 1590 - d. 1646)
1607 - 1608                William Chamberlain I                (d. 1608) 
1608                       John Chamberlain I
1608 - 1639                William Chamberlain II               (d. 1640) 
161. - c.Mar 1618          John Chamberlain II
 3 Mar 1639 - 1640         John Colles                          (d. 1640)
1640 - 1642
                William Colles                       (d. 1642)    
1642 - 1643                Mary Colles (f)
                             (or John Colles [2nd time])
25 Nov 1643 - 1646?        Peter Le Febvre, surier de L'Epine
                             (pretender)
22 Mar 1646 - 1648         Peter de Beauvoir du Bosq            (d. 1648)
11 Mar 1648 - 1649         Benjamin Lemprière
 1 Jun 1649 - 1651?        George Mishaw (or Michau)(1st time) 
1651? - 1654               John Ring (or King?)
23 Mar 1653 - 1654         John Hamon (acting for Ring)
23 Jun 1654 - 1657?        George Mishaw (or Michau)(2nd time)
1657 - 1659                Nicholas Ling                        (b. 1599 - d. 1679)
13 Jul 1659 - 1660         William Andros
Governors
29 Aug 1660 -  7 Sep 1660  Edward (Édouard) de Carteret
                           + James (Jacques) de Carteret
                           + Clément Le Couteur
 
7 Sep 1660 - 14 Jan 1680  Sir George Carteret                  (b. 1609 - d. 1680)
14 Jan 1680 - 1682         Elizabeth de Carteret (f)            (b. 1602 - d. 1697)

2
9 Aug 1683 - 24 Feb 1714  Sir Edmund Andros                    (b. 1637 - d. 1714)
24 Feb 1714 - 20 Oct 1714  George Andros                        (b. 1677 - d. 1714)
20 Oct 1714 - 1721         Anne Andros (f)                      (b. 1684 - d. 1721)
20 Oct 1714 - 1722         John Le Mesurier I                   (b. 1684 - d. 1722)
                           - jointly with -
1721 - 1729                Anne Andros Le Mesurier (f)          (b. 1684 - d. 1729)
1729 - 2 Jun/9 Jul 1744    Henry Le Mesurier                    (b. 1713 - d. 1779)
2Jun/9Jul1744-12 Mar 1793  John Le Mesurier II                  (b. 1717 - d. 1793)
16 Mar 1793 -  9 Jan 1803  Peter Le Mesurier                    (s.a.)
21 Jan 1803 - 14 Apr 1825  John Le Mesurier III                 (b. 1781 - d. 1843) 

Lieutenant governors (appointed by, and acting for, the Governors of Alderney)
16 Jun 1661 -  6 Jan 1679  Nicholas Ling                        (s.a.)
 6 Jan 1679 - 14 Jan 1680  George Michan 
1681 -  3 Mar 1684         Edward Le Breton

31 Mar 1684 -  1 Sep 1690  Thomas Le Mesurier (1st time)        (b. 1648 - d. 1718)

 1 Sep 1690 -  1 Sep 1696  Thomas Le Marchant                   (b. 1644 - d. 1728)
 1 Sep 1696 - 21 Jul 1703  Charles Le Marchant
21 Jul 1703 - 22 Jul 1714  Thomas Le Mesurier (2nd time)        (s.a.)

22 Jun 1714 - 20 Oct 1714  John Le Mesurier I                   (s.a.)

21 Jan 1723 - 1726?        Peter Le Mesurier

26 Mar 1726 - 1730         Thomas Le Cocq (1st time)            (b. 1680 - d. 1760)
                             (
in opposition)
20 Feb 1730 - 21 Dec 1738  Thomas Le Cocq (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                             (in opposition) 
 
3 Dec 1770 - 12 Mar 1793  Peter Le Mesurier                    (s.a.)
 
1 Feb 1821 - 14 Apr 1825  John Le Ber                          (d. 1836)
Lieutenant-Governors
15 Apr 1825 -              the Lieutenant Governors of Guernsey


Judges of the Court at Alderney and Presidents of the States of the Island of Alderney
20 Apr 1612 - 16..         Pierre Hérivel
 8 Jan 1637 - 1641         Edouard Gauvain                      (d. 1641)
 8 Oct 1641 - 31 Dec 1659  Pierre Le Cocq                       (d. 1659)
Jan 1660 - Jan 1682        Charles Gaudion                      (d. 1682)
28 Jul 1683 - 10 Mar 1696  Nicolas Le Cocq                      (d. 1696)
28 Mar 1696 - 16 Feb 1702  Richard Le Cocq                      (d. 1702)
12 Sep 1702 - 19 Nov 1703  Nicolas Duplain                      (d. 1703)
 1 Feb 1704 -  7 May 1760  Thomas Le Cocq                       (d. 1760)
27 May 1760 - 14 Oct 1769  Jean Simon                           (d. 1769)
11 Nov 1769 - 20 Aug 1793  Jean Gauvain                         (d. 1793)
10 Jul 1802 - 21 Jan 1803  Jean Le Mesurier                     (d. 1803)
21 Jan 1803 - 11 Jan 1807  Jean Ollivier                        (d. 1807)
 
1 Aug 1807 -  2 Apr 1836  Pierre Gauvain                       (b. 1759 - d. 1836)  
 2 Apr 1836 - 26 Nov 1836  Nicolas Barbenson (acting)           (b. 1769 - d. 1848)
26 Nov 1836 - 21 Sep 1856  Jean Gaudion                         (b. 1794 - d. 1856)
21 Sep 1856 - 15 Dec 1856  Jean Gauvain (acting)                (b. 1790? - d. 1868)
15 Dec 1856 - 30 Apr 1876  Thomas Clucas                        (b. 1813? - d. 1876)
 1 May 1876 - 12 Oct 1876  Jean Pezet (acting)                  (b. 1803? - d. 1891)
12 Oct 1876 - Oct 1892     Thomas Nicholas Barbenson            (b. 1808? - d. 1892)
Oct 1892 - 17 Dec 1892     Pierre Herivel (acting)              (b. 1814? - d. 1898)
17 Dec 1892 - May 1897     John Abraham Le Cocq                 (b. 1846 - d. 1922)
20 May 1897 - 1913         Nicholas Peter Barbenson             (b. 1838 - d. 1924)
12 Apr 1913 - 15 Mar 1938  Robert Walter Mellish                (b. 1869 - d. 1938)
Mar 1938 - 16 Jul 1938     Alfred Charles Tourgis (acting)      (b. 1873? - d. 1949)
16 Jul 1938 - 23 Jun 1940  Frederick George French (1st time)   (b. 1889 - d. 1962)
23 Jun 1940 -  2 Dec 1945  Vacant
German Island Commandants Alderney (Inselkommandant
en Alderney)
(subordinated to the Inselkommandant of Guernsey to Jul 1941,
then to
the Commanders, Channel Islands)
 
2 Jul 1940 - Jul 1940     Schmidt (I/IR 396, 216ID)
Jul 1940 - 22 Jun 1941     Koch (I/IR 396, 216ID)
23 Jun 1941 - 28 Nov 1941  Carl Hoffmann (5/IR 277, 83ID)       (d. 1974)
28 Nov 1941 - 25 Dec 1941  Günther Kleedehn (I/IR 277, 83ID)
25 Dec 1941 - 28 Jan 1942  Wolf Rohde (I/IR 587, 320ID)         (b. 1896 - d. 1944)
28 Jan 1942 -  1 Nov 1943  Zuske (
3IR/583, 319ID) 
 1 Nov 1943 -  5 Mar 1944  Schwalm (3IR/583, 319ID)
Commandant of Fortress Alderney (Festungskommandant Alderney)
(subordinated to the Commanders, Channel Islands
 
5 Mar 1944 - 16 May 1945  Schwalm
(3IR/583, 319ID)
British Officer Commanding, Alderney Force 

(subordinated to
officer commanding the Armed Forces, Channel Islands)
16 May 1945 - 15 Dec 1945  Edwin Jones                          (b. 1897 - d. 1978)  Mil
                             (614th Regt. Royal Artillery)
Judges of the Court at Alderney and Presidents of the States of the Island of Alderney
 
2 Dec 1945 - Nov 1947     Frederick George French (2nd time)   (s.a.)               Non-party
Nov 1947 - 15 Dec 1947     Daniel "Dan" Sebire Le Cocq (acting) (b. 1877 - d. 19..)  Non-party
15 Dec 1947 - 31 Dec 1948  Sir Frank Henry Cufaude Wiltshire    (b. 1881 - d. 1949)  Non-party
Presidents of the States of Alderney
 1 Jan 1949 - 26 Aug 1970  Sydney Peck Herivel                  (b. 1890 - d. 1970)  Non-party
27 Aug 1970 - 31 Dec 1975  George William Baron (1st time)      (b. 1924 - d. 2016)  Non-party
                             (acting to ... 1970)
 1 Jan 1976 - 31 Dec 1993  Jon Kay-Mouat (1st time)             (b. 1933 - d. 2010)  Non-party
 1 Jan 1994 - 31 Dec 1996  George William Baron (2nd time)      (s.a.)               Non-party
 1 Jan 1997 - Jan 2002     Jon Kay-Mouat (2nd time)             (s.a.)               Non-party
Jan 2002 - 22 Jun 2011     Sir Norman Leslie Browse             (b. 1931 - d. 2019)  Non-party
22 Jun 2011 -
15 May 2019  Walter Stuart Trought                (b. 1950)            Non-party
15 May 2019 - 28 Jun 2019  James Dent (acting)                  (b. 1951?)           Non-party
28 Jun 2019 -              William Tate                         (b. c.1949)          Non-party


Leaders of the Alderney Outpost of Military Administration Unit 515
(Leitern
der
Aussenstelle Alderney der Feldkommandantur 515)
(subordinated to heads of Military Administration Unit)
Feb 1941 - Apr 1942        Heinz (Hans) Herzog
Apr 1942 - Mar 1944        Hans Spann
Mar 1944 - 19 May 1944 
   Wilhelm Richter 
Commandants of Field Command Alderney (Platzkommandant Alderney)
19 May 1944 - 16 May 1945  Wilhelm Richter 

Party abbreviations: No Political Parties Exist



Sark

[Sark (Guernsey,
                          Channel Islands, U.K.)]
From 1938, Adopted 19 Nov 1980

Map of Sark
Capital: Sark
Local Holiday Constitution:
10 May (1945)
Liberation Day

Constitution
(Reform Sark Law;
29 Apr 2008)

Population: 492 (2015) 

933                        Sark (in Sercquiais: Sèr or Cerq, French: Sercq), part of Duchy of
                             Normandy along with Guernsey.

25 Dec 1066                William II (b. c.1028 - d. 1087), Duke of Normandy since 1035,
                             becomes William I King of England. Named as Sargia, Sairc, Serk,
                             Sercq, Serck, or Cerq.

Dec 1205 - Apr 1206        French occupation. 
1212 - 1217                French occupation. 
 8 Sep 1338 - 29 Oct 1340  French occupation.
1343 - 1347                French occupation. 

1373                       Sark temporarily abandoned after being sacked by Bertrand de
                             Guesclin. 

1412                       King Henry V evicts the Monks of Saint-Michel Abbey in Sark.
31 Jul 1549 -  7 Sep 1553  French occupation under Jean
du Breil, seigneur de la Touche.
1560 - 1562                French occupation under the Seigneur de Glatigny.
1563                       Hélier de Carteret obtains the island from a royal commission.      
 6 Aug 1565                Seigneury of Sark granted as a
fiefdom to Hélier de Carteret
 
                            by Queen Elizabeth I (subordinated to Guernsey).
23 Mar 1643 - 25 Aug 1660  Confiscated by the Parliament of England during the English Civil War.
15 Jul 1922                Island of Sark Constitution Order in Council registered.
 4 Jul 1940 - 10 May 1945  German occupation.

 
1 Dec 1951                Constitutional law of 1 Nov 1951 (Reform [Sark] Law, 1951)
                             registered.
29 Apr 2008
               Constitutional law of 9 Apr 2008 (Reform [Sark] Law, 2008)
                             registered.

Seigneurs 
 6 Aug 1565 - 26 Oct 1581  Hélier de Carteret                 (b. 1532 - d. 1581)
26 Oct 1581 - 20 May 1594  Philippe de Carteret I             (b. 1552 - d. 1594)
20 May 1594 - 23 Mar 1643  Sir Philippe de Carteret II        (b. 1584 - d. 1643)
Governors (for Parliament) 
1643 - 1657                Nicholas Ling                      (b. 1599 - d. 1679)
1657 - Apr 1659            Richard Winne
Apr 1659 - 25 Aug 1660     Jean Le Gros                       (b. 1616 - d. 1677) 
Seigneurs 
25 Aug 1660 - Nov 1663     Philippe de Carteret III           (b. 1620 - d. 1663)
                             (in exile 22 Aug 1643 - 1660)
Nov 1663 - 23 Oct 1693     Sir P
hilippe de Carteret VI        (b. 1650 - d. 1693)
Nov 1663 - 1671            Nicholas Richardson -Regent
23 Oct 1693 -  6 Jun 1715  Sir Charles de Carteret            (b. 1679 - d. 1715)
 6 Jun 1715 -  3 Sep 1720  John Carteret, Baron Carteret      (b. 1690 - d. 1763)
 
3 Sep 1720 -  1 May 1723  John Johnson                       (b. 16.. - d. 1723)
 
1 May 1723 - 1730         James Milner                       (b. c.16.. - d. 1730)
1730 - 28 Aug 1730         Joseph Wilcock, Bishop of          (b. 1673 - d. 1756)
                             Gloucester (as executor)
28 Aug 1730 - 24 Jun 1733  Susanne Le Gos Le Pelley (f) -Dame (b. 1668 - d. 1733)
24 Jun 1733 - 1742         Nicolas Le Pelley                  (b. 1692 - d. 1742)
1742 - 1752                Daniel Le Pelley                   (b. 1694 - d. 1752)
1752 - 17 Dec 1778         Pierre Le Pelley I                 (b. 1736 - d. 1778)
1752 - 1757                Elizabeth Le Lacheur (f)           (b. 1702/04 - d. ....)
                             (acting for Pierre)  
17 Dec 1778 - 1820         Pierre Le Pelley II                (b. 1758 - d. 1820)
 
7 Sep 1820 -  1 Mar 1839  Pierre Le Pelley III               (b. 1799 - d. 1839)
 1 Mar 1839 -  6 Oct 1849  Ernest Le Pelley                   (b. 1801 - d. 1849)
 6 Oct 1849 -  4 Dec 1852  Pierre Carey Le Pelley             (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
 4 Dec 1852 - 26 Apr 1853  Marie Allaire Collings (f) -Dame   (b. 1791 - d. 1853)
26 Apr 1853 -  7 Mar 1882  William Thomas Collings            (b. 1823 - d. 1882)
 7 Mar 1882 - 14 Jun 1927  William Frederick Collings         (b. 1852 - d. 1927)
14 Jun 1927 - 14 Jul 1974  Sibyl Collings Beaumont (f) -Dame  (b. 1884 - d. 1974)
                             (from 5 Nov 1929, Sibyl Collings Beaumont Hathaway)
                             (also president of emergency committee 17 Jul 1940-1945) 
                           - jointly with - 
 5 Nov 1929 - 15 Dec 1954  Robert Woodward Hathaway¹          (b. 1888 - d. 1954)
                            
(prisoner in Laufen, Germany Feb 1943 - May 1945)
14 Jul 1974 -  3 Jul 2016  John Michael Beaumont              (b. 1927 - d. 2016)
 3 Jul 2016 -              Christopher
Michael Beaumont       (b. 1957)

Bailiff of Sark
1579 - 31 May 1582         Edward de Carteret                 (b. 1518 - d. 1601)
Seneschals (Presidents of the Chief Pleas
and Chief Judges)
15 Jul 1675 - 1680         Pierre Gibault
1680 - 1683                Thomas de Beauvoir 
1683 - 1702                Phillipe Dumaresq
1702 - 1707                Jean Payne
1707 - 1744                Philippe de Carteret
1744 - 1752                Henri de Carteret
1752 - 1777                Phillipe Le Masurier
1777 - 1785                Henri Le Masurier
1785 - 1807                Amice Le Couteur                   (d. 1807)
1808 - 1812                Jean Le Couteur
1812 - 1830                Jean Falle
1830 - 1841                Élie Le Masurier
1841 - 1851                Philippe Guille 
1851 - 1876                Thomas Godfray                     (b. 1809 - d. ....)       
1876 - 1881                William de Carteret                (b. 1817 - d. 1890)
1881 - 1891                Abraham Baker                      (b. 1822 - d. 1900)
1891 - 1920                Thomas Godfray 
1920 - 1922                Kenneth Rankin Campbell            (b. 1863 - d. 1930)
1922 - 1925                Ashby Taylor                       (b. 1866 - d. 1941)
1925 - 1937                Frederick de Carteret
1937 - 1945                William Carré                      (b. 1883 - d. 1963)
1945 - 1969                William Baker
1969 - 1979                Bernard G. Jones
1979 - 1985                Hilary Carré                       (b. 1909 - d. 1995)
1985 - 2000                Lawrence Philip de Carteret        (b. 1936 - d. 2015) 
Feb 2000 - 27 Feb 2013     Reginald "Reg" John Guille         (b. 1942?)
Seneschal
27 Feb 2013 -              Jeremy La Trobe-Bateman            (b. 1954)


German Island Commandants Sark (Inselkommandanten Sark)
(subordinated to the Inselkommandant Guernsey)
 
4 Jul 1940 (hours)        Albrecht Lanz (IR 396)             (b. 1898 - d. 1942)
 4 Jul 1940 - Aug 1940    
Obenhauf (IR 396) 
Aug
1940 - Oct 1942        Stefan "Heinz" Herdt (1st time)   
(b. 1915 - d. 1977)
                             (IR 396; 1941 IR 583)
Oct 1942 - 28 Mar 1943     Johann Hinkel (IR 583)             (b. 1890 - d. 1943)
Mar 1943 - 31 Dec 1943     Stefan "Heinz" Herdt (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                             (IR 583)
31 Dec 1943 - 10 May 1945  Heiner Magsam
(IR 583)

Party abbreviations: No Political Parties Exist

 ¹Robert Hathaway (s.a.) was the jure uxoris Seigneur of Sark from the date of his marriage to Sibyl Beaumont (s.a.), in fact they sat as a pair in the Chief Pleas, but she kept control of the government.


Brechou (Brecqhou)
 
[Flag of the
                          Tenant of Brechou Island,
                          1967-1987(Guernsey)]
Flag of Tenant of Brechou 23 Nov 1967 - 1987
[Flag of Tenants
                          of Brechou Island (Guernsey, Channel Islands,
                          U.K.)]
Flag of Tenant of Brechou Adopted 1993
Map of Brechou
Capital: Brechou (Brecqhou)
Population: N/A

1363                        Held by the Le Marchant family of Guernsey, called Île des
                              Marchands.
1556                        Granted by the Crown to the Seigneur of Sark.
1681                        Court proceedings brought by Rachel Le Moigne, widow of James
                              Le Marhcant, against the Seigneur of Sark are abandoned. 
 
4 Dec 1852                 That Brecqhou forms part of the Fief of Sark is formally noted
                              when the seigneurie of Sark is sold to Marie Allaire.
 
4 Jul 1940 -  9 May 1945   German occupation (residents evacuated Apr 1941).
 
Tenants

1911 - 1929                 George Sharpe
1929 - 1932                 Angelo Clarke

1932 - 14 May 1944          Thomas Arthur Clarke               (b. 1871 - d. 1944)
                              (departed on 20 Jun 1940)
1944 - 1949                 Vacant
1949 - 1966                 John Thomson Donaldson

1966 -  6 Oct 1987          Leonard Joseph Matchan             (b. 1911 - d. 1987)
 6 Oct 1987 - 1992          Susan "Sue" Groves (f)
                              (not recognized by Seigneur of Sark)
Sep 1993 - 10 Jan 2021      David Rowat Barclay                (b. 1934 - d. 2021)
                              (from 31 Oct 2000, Sir David Rowat Barclay) 

Herm

[Herm Island,
                          1950-1953 (Guernsey, Channel Islands, U.K.)]
1950 - 1953
[Herm Island
                          (Guernsey, Channel Islands, U.K.)]
From 1953, Adopted 1984
Map of Herm Capital: Herm Population: 94 (2008)

1570 - 1737                Used as a hunting reserve by the governors of Guernsey.
20 Jul 1940 -  9 May 1945  German occupation.
27/28 Feb 1943             British small scale raid led by Capt. Patrick Anthony Porteous
                             (b. 1918 - d. 2000) "Operation Huckaback."

Tenants
1717 - 1737                Charles Nowall
1737 - 1766                Peter Carey I
1766 - 1770                Peter Carey II
1770 - 1774                Caroline Carey (f)
1774 - 1779                Peter de Jersey
                           + Thomas de Jersey
1779 - 1800                John de Jersey
1800 - 1815                Pierre Mauger
1815 - 1826                John Lindsay                        (b. 1762 - d. 1826)
1826 - 1830                the States of Guernsey
1830 - 1836                Jonathan Duncan                     (b. 1799 - d. 1867)
1836 - 1842                the British Commercial Assurance Co.
1842 - 1854                Ebenezer Fernie                     (b. 1782 - d. 1861)
1854 - 1860                John Henry
                           + Steven Touzeau-Martin
1860 - 1862                Thomas Bartlett
1862 - 1867                Thomas Hyde
1867 - 1877                Montague Joseph Fielden             (b. 1816 - d. 1898)
1877 - 1878                James Considine (1st time)   
1878 - 1881                Arthur Maxwell
1881 - 1882                James Considine (2nd time)
1882 - 1884                the Carthusian Order
Aug 1884 - 1889            James Stevens Linklater             (b. 1850 - d. 1899)
1889 - Nov 1914            Gebhard Gustav Lebrecht Prinz       (b. 1836 - d. 1916)
                            
Blücher von Wahlstatt
1917 - 1920                Wheadon and Company
1920 - 1923                Sir Edward Montague Compton         (b. 1883 - d. 1972) 
                             Mackenzie
1923 - 1940                Sir Percival Lea Dewhurst Perry     (b. 1878 - d. 1956)
                             (from 5 Feb 1938, Percival Lea Dewhurst
                             Perry, Baron Perry of Stock Harvard,
                             in the County of Essex
)
1940 - 1942                Frank Dickson (acting) -caretaker
                             (expelled by Germans in 1942)
1942 - 1945               
Ernest Le Page (acting) -caretaker
1946 - 1949                Alfred Graham Jefferies             (b. 1893 - d. 1949)
1949 - 1998                Alexander Gough "Peter" Wood        (b. 1915 - d. 1998)
1998 -  1 Oct 2008         Adrian Heyworth 
                           + Penelope "Pennie" Wood Heyworth (f)
 1 Oct 2008 -              John Singer                         (b. 1944?)
                           + Julia Singer (f)


Jethou

[Jethou flag
                          (Jethou, Guernsey, Channel Islands, U.K.)]
Adopted c.1964

[Jethou variant
                          flag (Jethou, Guernsey, Channel Islands,
                          U.K.)]
Variant
Map of Jethou Capital: Jethou Population: 3 (1996)

709 AD                     According to tradition a storm washed away the strip of land
                             which connected the Jethou with Herm.
1028                       Given to Admiral Restauld (Restald) by Duke Robert of Normandy.
1055                       Bequeathed to the Monastery of Mont St. Michel by Restauld.
1158 - ....                Prince John Earl of Montaine granted the tenancy to Guillaume
                             Chesney, then reverts to Monastery of Mont St. Michel.
1270 - ....                Prince Edward granted Sir William de Chesney the right to keep
                             rabbits on the island, then it reverts to Abbot of the Vale Priory
                             while remaining under the control of the Mont St. Michel
.
1416                       French monasteries shut down, part of King Henry V's estates and
                             remains a Crown lease.
1416 - 1717                Uninhabited.
20 Jul 1940 -  9 May 1945  German occupation.
 
Tenants 

1028 - 1055                Restauld (Restald)                 (b. c.995 - d. c.1060) 
1055 - 1414                Mont Saint-Michel Abbey 
1158 - ....                Guillaume Chesney
1270 - ....                Sir Guillaume de Chesney

1416? - 1717               Uninhabited
1717 - 1737                Charles Nowall
1737 - 1758                Charles Mauger                     (d. 1758)
1758 - 1779                Thomas Guille 
                           + Thomas Le Marchant
1779 - 1781                Henry de Jersey                    (d. 1781)
1781 - 1800                Henry de Jersey II
1800 - 1821                Philip de Quesnel
1821 - 1822                Edward Falla
                           + Peter Le Cocq
                           + Nicholas Le Feuvre
                           + Peter de Lisle
1822 - 1846                Jean Allaire                       (b. 1763 - d. 1846)
1846 - 1852                Marie Allaire Collings (f)         (b. 1791 - d. 1853)
1852 - 1856                the States of Guernsey
                            (island used for quarrying)
1856 - 1863                George Charles Gee
1863 - 1867                Perry Lindell 
                           + Giffard
1867 - 1877                Montague Joseph Fielden            (b. 1816 - d. 1898)
1877 - 1880                Caretakers
1880 - 1885                William Hilary Baliol Moullin      (b. 1848 - d. ....)
1885 - 1890                Caretakers
1890 -  7 Nov 1918         Henry Austin Lee                   (b. 1847 - d. 1918)
                             (from 9 Nov 1902, Sir Henry Austin Lee) 
1899 - 1910                F.J. Guy -Subtenant
                             (from 1904, in dispute with Lee)
1919 - 1920                John Drillot -Caretaker
1920 - 1934                Sir Edward Montague Compton        (b. 1883 - d. 1972) 
                             Mackenzie 
1934 - 1944                Harold Augustus Fortington         (b. 1890 - d. 1944)
                            
(deported to Herm by Germans in 1944)
1940 - 1944                George MacDonald -Subtenant
1944 - 1948                Edna Winifred Jardine Fortington(f)(b. 1891 - d. 1987) 
1948 - 1955                William Gill Withycombe            (b. 1881 - d. 1968)
1955 - 1956                Philip Steer Watkins               (b. 1882 - d. 1970)
1956 - 1958                Herman F.V. Stockey
Dec 1958 - 1964            William Hedley Cliff               (b. 1913? - d. 1969)
29 Sep 1964 -  6 Dec 1971  Susan Williams Faed (f)            (b. 1933)
                            
(from 1976, Susan Williams Faed Summers)
Dec 1971 -  3 Feb 1983     Charles William Hayward            (b. 1892 - d. 1983)
                             (from 5 Feb 1974, Sir Charles William Hayward) 
1984 - 1991                Anthony Nicholas Duckworth-Chad    (b. 1942)
1991 -                     Peter Ogden                        (b. 1947)
                             (from 9 Feb 2005, Sir Peter Ogden)    
                           + Philip William Hulme             (b. 1948)
                             (from 11 Jun 2016, Sir Philip William Hulme)


Lihou

[The Lihou
                          Charitable Trust flag (Lihou, Guernsey,
                          Channel Islands, U.K.)]
Lihou Charitable Trust Flag

Map of Lihou Capital: Lihou Population: no permanent
 residents (2014)
 
Note: Lihou is a small tidal island connected to Guernsey at low tide by a causeway.

1114 - c.1560              Benedictine Priory of St. Mary (under the authority of 
Mont
                             Saint-Michel Abbey to 1415, then under Eton College).
 
1 Jul 1940 -  9 May 1945  Used for artillery target practice during the German occupation.
Jan 1995                   Purchased by the States of Guernsey (administered by Environment
                             Department).
2006                       The Lihou Charitable Trust formed to manage the island jointly
                             with the Guernsey Environment Department.

Priors
of St. Mary's
1270 - ....                Pierre Bernard
1448 - 14..                Guillaume Michel
1477 - ....                Pierre Sauson
1500 - 15..                Ralph Leonard (custodian)
c.1560                     Thomas de Baugy
Tenants
c.1815 - 1821?             Eléazar Le Marchant               (b. 1743 - d. 1832)
1863 - 1883                James Priaulx                     (b. 1796 - d. 1883)
1883 - 1905                Arthur Clayfield
1905 - 1927                Hubert de Lancey Walters          (b. 1868 - d. 1936)
1927 - 1954                Duquemin
                           + Clarke
1927 - 1954                Albert Best -Subtenant
1954 - 1961                Mr. & Mrs. Conniff
                           + Mr. & Mrs. Hudson
1961 - 1983                Patrick Alwen Wootton             (b. 1919 - d. 2000)
1984 - 1995                Robin S. Borwick                  (b. 1927 - d. 2003)
Jan 1995 -                 the States of Guernsey
Wardens of The
Lihou Charitable Trust
Feb 2006 - 20 May 2019     Richard Curtis                    (b. 1968?)
20 May 2019 -              Steve Sarre


Hauteville House

[France]

Map of Hauteville House
on Guernsey
Capital: Hauteville House
(No. 38  Rue Hauteville)
St. Peter Port, Guernsey

 
5 Aug 1852 - 31 Oct 1855  French author Victor Hugo lives in exile in Saint-Helier, Jersey,
                             living at house later called the Hotel Victor Hugo (Maison
                            
Victor Hugo).
16 May 1856               
Victor Hugo (b. 1802 - d. 1885)(who arrived in Guernsey 31 Oct 1855)
                             buys the house at 38 Rue Hauteville in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey
                             with the revenues from the publication of Les Contemplations.
11 Mar 1927
               House at 38 Rue Hauteville in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey,
                             where Victor Hugo lived in exile 16 May 1856 - 15 Aug 1870,
                             1872-1873, a week in 1875,
and four months in 1878, is donated
                             to the
city of Paris by his descendants (accepted 2 Jun 1927)
                            
(Domaine de Hauteville House).
27 Jun 1927                France takes possession, Hauteville House becomes part of the
                             Maison de Victor Hugo museum in Paris.

Directors of the Victor Hugo Home and of Hauteville House (in Paris)
(Directeur de la Maison de Victor Hugo et de Hauteville House)
1914 - 1932                Raymond Escholier                 (b. 1882 - d. 1971)
1934 - 1942                Paul Souchon                      (b. 1874 - d. 1951)
1942 - 1960                Jean Sergent
1960 - 1979                Martine Écalle (f)
1980 - 1995                Henri Cazaumayou                  (b. 1930 - d. 2009)
1996 - 2010                Danielle Molinari (f)             (b. 1943)
Sep 2010 -                 Gérard Audinet                    (b. 1960)

Conservators (title Administrateur-régisseur)
1927 - c.1970              ....
c.1970 - c.1980            Roger Martin
c.1983 - 1986              Robert Sabourin
1986 - 1995/97             Marie-Christine Lorang (f)        (b. 1958)
1998? - 2003               Véronique Bascoul (f)             (b. 1967)
Jan 2003 -                 Odile Blanchette (f)

Consul
c.1942                     Jean Lambert
Honorary Consuls
c.1970 - c.1980            Roger Martin
c.1983 - 1986              Robert Sabourin
1986 - 1995/97             Marie-Christine Lorang (f)        (s.a.)
1998? - 2003               Véronique Bascoul (f)             (s.a.)
Jan 2003 -                 Odile Blanchette (f)





© Ben Cahoon