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Azerbaijan
 
[Russian flag]  
6 Oct 1806 - 22 Jun 1918 
 
[Azerbaijan
                            1918]
22 Jun 1918 - 11 Sep 1918 
 
[Flag of
                            Azerbaijan Variant, 1918]
22 Jun 1918 - 11 Sep 1918 Variant
 
[Flag of
                            Azerbaijan, 1918-1920]
11 Sep 1918 - 28 Apr 1920

[Flag of USSR]
30 Dec 1922 - 25 Dec 1991

[Flag of Azerbaijan]
Adopted 5 Feb 1991

Map of Azerbaijan
Hear National Anthem
"Azərbaycan Marşı"
(March of Azerbaijan) 
Text of National Anthem
 Adopted 27 May 1992
(1919-1920 none adopted)
Constitution
(12 Nov 1995)
Capital: Baku (Bakı)
(Ganja  Jun 1918 - Sep 1918)
Currency: Azerbaijan Manat
(AZN); 1991-93 Russian Ruble (RUR); 1918-1920 Azerbaijani
 Ruble (AZR)
National Holiday:
28 May (1918)

Respublika Gn
(Republic Day)
Population: 9,961,396 (2017)
GDP: $166.8 billion (2017)
Exports: $15.6 billion (2017)
Imports: $8.7 billion (2017)
Ethnic Groups: Azerbaijani 91.6%, Lezgian 2%, Russian 1.3%,
Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.1% (2009)

note: almost all Armenians live in Nagorno-Karabakh
Total Active Armed Forces: 66,940 (2010)
Merchant marine: 311 ships (2017)
Religions: Muslim 96.9% (predominantly Shia), Christian 3%,
 other 0.1, unaffiliated 0.1 (2010)
note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan;
percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower
International Organizations/Treaties: ADB, AIIB, APA, BSEC, BTWC, CCTS, CD, CE, CFE, CICA, CIS, CTBT, CWC, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,  ICC, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, Intersputnik, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISESCO, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, NPT, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC (observer), OSCE, OST, PFP, SCO (dialogue partner), SELEC (observer), UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNFCC-KP, UNFCC-PA, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO,WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Azerbaijan
Index
Chronology

1516                       Part of the Ottoman Empire.
1618                       Part of Persia.
172. - 1806                Baku Khanate (see below), under Persian rule.
10 Jul 1723 - 10 Mar 1735  Baku occupied by Russia (annexed 12 Sep 1723).
14 May 1806                Karabagh, Sheki (21 May 1805), and Shirvan
                             (Shamakha) (25 Dec 1805) annexed by Russia.
 6 Oct 1806                Baku annexed by Russia.
12 Oct 1813                Talysh annexed by Russia; Persia cedes
                             sovereignty
over Baku, Sheki (Shakki), Quba,
 
                            Shirvan (Shamakha) and Karabakh (Qarabagh) to
                             Russia by the Treaty of Gulistan.
22 Feb 1828                Nakhichevan annexed by Russia, Treaty of
                             Turkmanchai.
27 Dec 1844 -  9 Mar 1917  Part of the Viceroyalty of the Caucasus (Armenia,
                             Azerbaijan, and Georgia [see under Georgia]).
22 Apr 1918 - 26 May 1918  Part (with Armenia and Georgia) of the Democratic
                             Federative Republic of Transcaucasia 
                             (see under Georgia).
28 May 1918 - 27 Apr 1920  Azerbaijani People's Republic (also in official
                             use Azerbaijani Republic; semi-official
                             Azerbaijani Democratic Republic); remains
                             without territorial authority until national
                             government arrives in Elizavetpol [Ganja]
on
                             16 Jun 1918
).
17 Jul 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Baku occupied by Allied (British) forces.
15 Sep 1918 - 18 Oct 1918  Baku occupied by the Ottoman Empire.
17 Nov 1918 - 19 Aug 1919  Baku occupied by Allied (British) forces.
27/28 Apr 1920             Soviet Russian forces occupy Baku.
28 Apr 1920                Azerbaijani Socialist Conciliar ("Soviet") Republic
12 Mar 1922                Part (with Armenia and Georgia) of the Federative
                             Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of 
                             Transcaucasia (see under Georgia).
13 Dec 1922                Part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative
                             Soviet Republic (see under Georgia).
30 Dec 1922                T.S.F.S.R. founding component of the Soviet Union
                             (see under Russia).
 5 Dec 1936                T.S.F.S.R. dissolved; Azerbaidzhan Soviet
                             Socialist Republic becomes
full union republic.
23 Sep 1989                State sovereignty declared.
 5 Feb 1991                Azerbaijani Republic (style introduced
                             29 Nov 1990)
30 Aug 1991                Independence declared.
26 Dec 1991                Independence effective (dissolution of U.S.S.R.).
 6 Jan 1992                Nagorno-Karabakh declares independence from
                             Azerbaijan (recognized only by Armenia).

Azerbaidzhan
Soviet Socialist
Republic

(1920-1991)
Nagorno-Karabakh
Nakhichevan
Baku Governments
(1917-1918)
Talysh-Mughan
(1744-1919, 1993)
Kurdish District
(1923-1929)
Azeri Khanates
  • Baku
  • Ganja
  • Jawad
  • Quba (Kuba)
  • Salyan
  • Shakki (Sheki)
  • Shamakha
  •  
     
     

    Chairman of the National Council
    28 May 1918 - 17 Jun 1918  Memmed Emin Aga oglu Resulzade    (b. 1884 - d. 1955)  TPM
                                 (1st time)(in Tiflis, Georgia exile)
    Chairman of Provisional Government

    17 Jun 1918 - 16 Nov 1918 
    Fath Ali Khan Khoyski             (b. 1876 - d. 1920)  Non-party
    Chairman of the National Council

    16 Nov 1918 -  7 Dec 1918  
    Memmed Emin Aga oglu Resulzade    (s.a.)               TPM
                                 (2nd time)
    First Deputy Chairmen of the Parliament  
     7 Dec 1918 - 22 Jan 1920  Hasan bey Meshedi Husseyn oglu    (b. 1875 - d. 1920)  TPM
                                 Agayev
    22 Jan 1920 -  2 Feb 1920  Vacant
     2 Feb 1920 - 27 Apr 1920  Mammad Yusif Hajibaba oglu        (b. 1895 - d. 1938)  TPM
                                 Kafarov
    Chairman of the Parliament

     7 Dec 1918 - 27 Apr 1920  Alimardanbey Topchubashov         (b. 1862 - d. 1934)  TPM
                               
    (exercised functions of diplomatic representation abroad)
    Deputy Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee
     
    28 Apr 1920 - 16 May 1920  Mirza Davud Bagir oglu Husseynov  (b. 1894 - d. 1938)  AKP
    Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee
    16 May 1920 - 21 May 1921  Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf oglu     (b. 1870 - d. 1925)  AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Chairmen of the Central Executive Council
    21 May 1921 - 7? May 1922  Mukhtar Haji oglu Hajiyev         (b. 1876 - d. 1938)  AKP
    7? May 1922 - 18 Sep 1929  Samad Aga Agamali oglu Aliyev     (b. 1867 - d. 1930)  AKP
    Presidents
    19 May 1990 -  6 Mar 1992  Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutalibov        (b. 1938)            AKP; 1991 
                                 (1st time)                                           Non-party
     6 Mar 1992 - 14 May 1992  Yagub Kavad oglu Mamedov (acting) (b. 1941)            Non-party
                                 (1st time)
    14 May 1992 - 16 May 1992  Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutalibov        (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (2nd time)
    16 May 1992 - 18 May 1992  Yagub Kavad oglu Mamedov (acting) (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (2nd time)
    18 May 1992 - 16 Jun 1992  Isa Yunis oglu Gambarov (acting)  (b. 1957)            AKC
    16 Jun 1992 -  1 Sep 1993  Abulfez Kadyrgula oglu Elchibey   (b. 1938 - d. 2000)  AKC
    24 Jun 1993 - 31 Oct 2003  Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev         (b. 1923 - d. 2003)  YAP
                                 (acting to 10 Oct 1993 [for Elchibey to 1 Sep 1993])
    31 Oct 2003 -              Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev          (b. 1961)            YAP

    Prime ministers
    28 May 1918 - 14 Apr 1919  Fath Ali Khan Khoyski             (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (in Georgia 28 May 1918 - 16 Jun 1918)
    14 Apr 1919 - 30 Mar 1920  Nasib Bey Yusifbeyli              (b. 1881 - d. 1920)  TPM
     1 Apr 1920 - 28 Apr 1920  Mammad Hasan Hadzhinsky           (b. 1875 - d. 1931)  TPM
    Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
    May 1921 - Apr 1922        Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf oglu     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Apr 1922 - 14 Mar 1930     Gazanfar Makhmud oglu Musabekov   (b. 1888 - d. 1938)  AKP
                                 (acting to 6 May 1922)
    Prime Ministers

     7 Feb 1991 -  4 Apr 1992  Hasan Aziz oglu Hasanov           (b. 1940)      AKP;1991 Non-party
     4 Apr 1992 - 16 May 1992  Firuz Radzhab oglu Mustafayev                          Non-party
                                 (acting)
    16 May 1992 - 26 Jan 1993  Rahim Ali Husseyn oglu Huseynov   (b. 1936)            Non-party
    26 Jan 1993 - 28 Apr 1993  Ali Ahmed oglu Masimov (acting)   (b. 1952)            Non-party
    28 Apr 1993 - 30 Jun 1993  Panakh Chodar oglu Huseynov       (b. 1957)            AKC
    30 Jun 1993 -  7 Oct 1994  Surat Davud oglu Huseynov         (b. 1959)            Mil
     7 Oct 1994 - 20 Jul 1996  Fuad Khalil oglu Guliyev          (b. 1941)            YAP
                                 (acting to 2 May 1995)
    20 Jul 1996 -  4 Aug 2003  Artur Tair oglu Rasizade          (b. 1935)            YAP
                                 (1st time)(acting to 26 Nov 1996 and 18-24 Oct 1998)
     4 Aug 2003 - 31 Oct 2003  Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev          (s.a.)               YAP
     6 Aug 2003 - 31 Oct 2003  Artur Tair oglu Rasizade          (s.a.)               YAP
                                 (acting for Aliyev)
    31 Oct 2003 - 21 Apr 2018  Artur Tair oglu Rasizade          (s.a.)               YAP
                                 (2nd time)(acting to 4 Nov 2003)
    21 Apr 2018 -              Novruz Ismail oglu Mamedov        (b. 1947)            YAP


    Commanders of Occupation forces

    17 Jul 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  William Montgomery Thomson        (b. 1877 - d. 1963)
                                
    (1st time) (U.K.)
    16 Sep 1918 - 18 Oct 1918  Mustafa Nuri Pasha                (b. 1889 - d. 1949)
                                 (Ottoman Empire)
    17 Nov 1918 - 19 Aug 1919  William Montgomery Thomson        (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time) (U.K.)


    Territorial Disputes: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified the Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on a one-fifth slice of the sea; the dispute over the break-away Nagorno-Karabakh region and the Armenian military occupation of surrounding lands in Azerbaijan remains the primary focus of regional instability; residents have evacuated the former Soviet-era small ethnic enclaves in Armenia and Azerbaijan; local border forces struggle to control the illegal transit of goods and people across the porous, undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders; bilateral talks continue with Turkmenistan on dividing the seabed and contested oilfields in the middle of the Caspian

    Party abbreviations: AKC = Azerbaycan Xalq Cebhesi Partiyasi (Azerbaijani Popular Front Party, reformist, est.1989); AKP = Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi (Azerbaijan Communist Party, Marxist-Leninist communist, from 1920 state party, 1918-16 Sep 1991, re-est.Dec 1993); YAP = Yeni Azerbaycan Partiyasi (New Azerbaijan Party, nationalist, center-right, est.18 Dec 1992); Mil = Military
    - Former parties: TPM = Turk Adam-i Markaziyyat-Musavat Firqasi (Turkic Party of Federalists - Equality Party, liberal, pan-Turkist, nationalist, 1917-1923)


    Baku
     
    [Baku Soviet
                          Commune flag 1918]
    2 Nov 1917 - 31 Jul 1918 
    Baku Commune
    [Dictatorship of
                          Central Caspian flag 1918]
    14 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918 
    Central Caspian Dictatorship

     2 Nov 1917 - 31 Jul 1918  Baku Soviet Commune established.
    22 Apr 1918 - 26 May 1918  Part (with Armenia and Georgia) of the Democratic Federative
                                 Republic of Transcaucasia (see under Georgia).
    28 May 1918                Azerbaijan People's Republic
     1 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Central Caspian Dictatorship (also called Centro-Caspian
                                 Directorate) in Baku replaces the Commune;
    supported by British
                                 troops and in opposition to Azeri
    national government at Ganja.
    17 Jul 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Baku occupied by British forces.
    15 Sep 1918 - 18 Oct 1918  Baku occupied by Ottoman forces. 

    Chairman of Council of People's Commissioners of the Commune of Baku
     2 Nov 1917 - 31 Jul 1918  Stepan Georgiyevich Shaumian      (b. 1878 - d. 1918)  RSDRP-B
                                (in opposition to national government
                                 from 28 May 1918)
    Chairman of the
    Central Caspian Dictatorship and the Provisional Executive Committee
     1 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sadovskiy                       RSDRP-M
                                (in Baku; in opposition to national government)

    Commander of Allied (British) forces ("Dunsterforce")
     4 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Lionel Charles Dunsterville       (b. 1865 - d. 1946)

    Party abbreviations: RSDRP-B = Rossiyskaya Sotsial-Demokraticheskaya Rabochaya Partiya (Bol'shevikov)(Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party [Bolsheviks], Russian revolutionary socialist, Marxist communist, from 8 Nov 1917 state party, 1 Mar 1898-8 Mar 1918, renamed Russian Communist Party [Bolsheviks]); RSDRP-M = Rossiyskaya Sotsial-Demokraticheskaya Rabochaya Partiya (Men'shevikov)(Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party [Mensheviks], split from RSDRP-B, democratic socialist, Orthodox Marxist, 1 Jan 1912-1922)



    Azerbaidzhan Soviet Socialist Republic
     
    Flag of
                          Azerbaijan SSR 1920
    28 Apr 1920 - 19 May 1921 
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1921]
    19 May 1921 - 30 Dec 1922 
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1922]
    30 Dec 1922 - 14 Mar 1925
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1925-192x]
    14 Mar 1925 - c.1927
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 192x-1937]
    c.1927 - 14 Feb 1931
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1931]
    14 Feb 1931 - 14 Mar 1937
     
    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1937
    14 Mar 1937 - 20 Mar 1940
    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1940
    20 Mar 1940 - 7 Oct 1952
    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1952
    7 Oct 1952 - 5 Feb 1991
    Capital: Baku (Bakı) Hear SSR Anthem
    "Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist
     Respublikasının Himni"
     (State Anthem of the
     Azerbaijan SSR)
     
    (1944 - 27 May 1992)
    Constitution
    (21 Apr 1978)
    Population: 6,028,000 (1980)

    28 Apr 1920                Azerbaijani Socialist Conciliar ("Soviet") Republic
    13 Dec 1922 -  5 Dec 1936  Part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic 
                                  (see under Georgia).
     5 Dec 1936                Renamed Azerbaijan (Azerbaidzhan) Soviet Socialist Republic.
     5 Feb 1991                Azerbaijani Republic

    Chairmen of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
    (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan

    28 Apr 1920 - 23 Jul 1920
      Mirza Davud Bagir oglu Husseynov  (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
    23 Jul 1920 -  9 Sep 1920  Viktor Ivanovich Naneyshvili      (b. 1878 - d. 1940)
     9 Sep 1920 - 15 Sep 1920  Yelena Dmitriyevna
    Stasova (f)    (b. 1873 - d. 1966)
    15 Sep 1920 - 24 Oct 1920  Vladimir Yelizbarovich Dumbadze   (b. 1879 - d. 1934)
    Responsible Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
    (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan

    24 Oct 1920 - 24 Jul 1921  Grigoriy Naumovich Kaminskiy      (b. 1895 - d. 1938)
    First Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
    of
    Azerbaijan (from 13 Oct 1952, Communist Party of Azerbaijan)
    24 Jul 1921 - 21 Jan 1926  Sergey Mironovich Kirov           (b. 1886 - d. 1934)
    21 Jan 1926 - 11 Jul 1929  Levon Isayevich Mirzoyan          (b. 1887 - d. 1939)
    11 Jul 1929 -  5 Aug 1930  Nikolay Fyodorovich Gikalo        (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
     5 Aug 1930 -  8 Feb 1933  Vladimir Ivanovich Polonskiy      (b. 1893 - d. 1939)
                                
    (= Reven Gershevich)
     8 Feb 1933 - 10 Dec 1933  Ruben Gukasovich Rubenov          (b. 1894 - d. 1937)

                                 (Mkrytyan)
    10 Dec 1933 - 18 Apr 1953  Mir Dzhafar Abas oglu Bagirov     (b. 1896 - d. 1956)
    18 Apr 1953 - 17 Feb 1954  Mir Teymur Mir Alekper oglu       (b. 1904 - d. 1970)
                                 Yakubov 
    17 Feb 1954 - 10 Jul 1959  Imam Dashdemir oglu Mustafayev    (b. 1910 - d. 1997)
    10 Jul 1959 - 14 Jul 1969  Veli Yusif oglu Akhundov          (b. 1916 - d. 1986)
    14 Jul 1969 -  3 Dec 1982  Heydar Ali Rza oglu Aliyev        (b. 1923 - d. 2003)
     3 Dec 1982 - 21 May 1988  Kyamran Mamed oglu Bagirov        (b. 1933 - d. 2000)
    21 May 1988 - 25 Jan 1990  Abdul Rahman Khalil oglu Vezirov  (b. 1930)
    25 Jan 1990 - 14 Sep 1991  Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutalibov        (b. 1938)

    Chairmen of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee
    28 Apr 1920 - 16 May 1920  Mirza Davud Bagir oglu Husseynov  (b. 1894 - d. 1938)  AKP
                                 (acting)
    16 May 1920 - 21 May 1921  Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf oglu     (b. 1870 - d. 1925)  AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
    21 May 1921 -  6 May 1922  Mukhtar Haji oglu Hajiyev         (b. 1876 - d. 1938)  AKP
     6 May 1922 - 14 Mar 1930  Samed Aga Agamali oglu Aliyev     (b. 1867 - d. 1930)  AKP
    14 Mar 1930 - 15 Dec 1931  Gazanfar Makhmud oglu Musabekov   (b. 1888 - d. 1938)  AKP
    15 Dec 1931
     - 10 Jun 1937  Sultan Medzhid Medzhid oglu       (b. 1887 - d. 1938)  AKP
                                 Efendiyev 
    Jun 1937 - 18 Jul 1938     Mir Bashir Fattakh oglu Kasumov   (b. 1879 - d. 1949)  AKP
                                 (acting)
    Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

    19 Jul 1938 - 21 Jul 1938  Mir Teymur Mir Alekper oglu       (s.a.)               AKP
                                 Yakubov
    Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
    21 Jul 1938 - 23 Apr 1949  Mir Bashir Fattakh oglu Kasumov   (s.a.)               AKP
    18 May 1949 -  9 Mar 1954  Nazar Heydar oglu Heydarov        (b. 1896 - d. 1968)  AKP
     9 Mar 1954 - 23 Jan 1958  Mirza Azhdar oglu Ibrahimov       (b. 1911 - d. 1993)  AKP
    23 Jan 1958 - 26 Nov 1959  Ilyas Kerim oglu Abdullayev       (b. 1913 - d. 1985)  AKP
    26 Nov 1959 - 16 Nov 1961  Saftar Mamed oglu Dzhafarov       (b. 1900 - d. 1961)  AKP
    29 Dec 1961 - 25 Dec 1969  Mamed Abdul oglu Iskenderov       (b. 1915 - d. 1985)  AKP
    25 Dec 1969 - 30 Dec 1985  Kurban Ali oglu Khalilov          (b. 1906 - d. 2000)  AKP
    30 Dec 1985 - 22 Jun 1989  Suleyman Bayram oglu Tatliyev     (b. 1925 - d. 2014)  AKP
    22 Jun 1989 - 19 May 1990  Elmira Mikail kyzy Kafarova (f)   (b. 1934 - d. 1993)  AKP

    Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
    May 1921 - Apr 1922        Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf oglu     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Apr 1922 - 14 Mar 1930     Gazanfar Makhmud oglu Musabekov   (s.a.)               AKP
                                 (acting to 6 May 1922)
    14 Mar 1930 - 23 Oct 1932  Dadash Khodzha oglu Buniyatzade   (b. 1888 - d. 1938)  AKP
    23 Oct 1932 - 12 Dec 1933  Mir Dzhafar Abbas oglu Bagirov    (s.a.)               AKP
    12 Dec 1933 - 22 Aug 1937  Huseyn Pasha oglu Rakhmanov       (b. 1902 - d. 1938)  AKP
    13 Nov 1937 - 29 Mar 1946  Teymur Imam Kuli oglu Kuliyev     (b. 1888 - d. 1965)  AKP
    Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
    29 Mar 1946 - 18 Apr 1953  Teymur Imam Kuli oglu Kuliyev     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 (1st time)
    18 Apr 1953 - 17 Aug 1953  Mir Dzhafar Abbas oglu Bagirov    (s.a.)               AKP
    17 Aug 1953 -  1 Mar 1954  Teymur Imam Kuli oglu Kuliyev     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 (2nd time) 
     1 Mar 1954 -  8 Jul 1958  Sadykh Gadzhiyar Ali oglu Ragimov (b. 1914 - d. 1975)  AKP
     8 Jul 1958 - 10 Jul 1959  Veli Yusif oglu Akhundov          (s.a.)               AKP
    10 Jul 1959 - 29 Dec 1961  Mamed Abdul oglu Iskenderov       (s.a.)               AKP
    29 Dec 1961 - 10 Apr 1970  Enver Nazar oglu Alikhanov        (b. 1917 - d. 1992)  AKP
    10 Apr 1970 - 22 Jan 1981  Ali Ismail oglu Ibraimov          (b. 1913 - d. 1990)  AKP
    22 Jan 1981 - 27 Jan 1989  Gasan Neimat oglu Seidov          (b. 1932 - d. 2004)  AKP
    27 Jan 1989 - 25 Jan 1990  Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutalibov        (s.a.)               AKP
    25 Jan 1990 -  7 Feb 1991 
    Hasan Aziz oglu Hasanov           (b. 1940)            AKP

    Party abbreviation: AKP = Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi (Azerbaijan Communist Party, Marxist-Leninist communist, from 1920 state party, 1918-16 Sep 1991)


    Baku

     3 Apr 1952 - 23 Apr 1953  Baku oblast (within Azerbaijan S.S.R).

    First Secretary of the Baku Regional Committee of the Azerbaijani Communist Party
    Apr 1952 - Apr 1953        Mir Teymur Mir Alekper oglu       (b. 1904 - d. 1970)  AKP
                                 Yakubov

    Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Baku Regional Council
    Apr 1952 - Apr 1953        Hasan Ali oglu Seidov             (b. 1906 - d. 1999)  AKP


    Ganja

     3 Apr 1952 - 23 Apr 1953  Ganja oblast (within Azerbaijan S.S.R).

    First Secretary of the Ganja Regional Committee of the Azerbaijani Communist Party
    Apr 1952 - Apr 1953        Imam Dashdemir oglu Mustafayev    (b. 1910 - d. 1997)  AKP

    Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Ganja Regional Council
    Apr 1952 - Apr 1953        Sadykh Hadzhiyar Ali oglu Rahimov (b. 1914 - d. 1975)  AKP


    Kurdish District
     
    Map of Kurdish District
    Capital: Lachin
    (Lain)
    Population: 51,426 (1926)
    Kurds 72.3%

     7 Jul 1923                Kurdish uyezd (non-autonomous district); colloquially
                                
    known as "Red Kurdistan."
     8 Apr 1929                Dissolved.
    30 May 1930                Kurdish District (Kurdinstanskiy okrug).
    23 Jul 1930                Dissolved by Soviet Union, population resettled.
    20 May 1992                Lachin captured by Armenian forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh
                                 war;
    20 May 1992 - May 1992     Lachin Kurdish Republic is declared, in rebellion, in areas
                                 occupied by Armenian forces.

    Executive Secretaries of the District Committee of the Azerbaijani Communist Party
    30 May 1930 - 23 Jul 1930  the executive secretaries of the
                              
    Communist Party of Azerbaidzhan

    Chairman of the District Administrative Committee
    1923 - 1929                Gussi Gaji (Gajiyev, Gadzhiev)
    Chairman of the District Executive Committee
    30 May 1930 - 23 Jul 1930  ....
    Prime Minister
    20 May 1992 - May 1992     Wekil Mustafa (Wekil Mustafayev)  (b. 1938)  



    Nagorno-Karabakh  (Artsakh)
     
    [Armenia]
    1918 - 1919, 1920 - 1921;
    2 Sep 1991 - 2 Jun 1992
    [Soviet of
                          Nagorno-Karabakh Council of People's Deputies
                          flag 1988-1989]
    Jul 1988 -12 Jan 1989 
    [Flag of USSR]
    12 Jan 1989 - 1 Sep 1991
    [Flag of
                          Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) from 1992]
    Adopted 2 Jun 1992


    Map of Nagorno-Karabakh
    Hear National Anthem
    "Azat u Ankakh Artsakh"
    (Free and Independent
    Artsakh)
    Text of National Anthem
    Adopted 17 Nov 1992
    Constitution
    (10 Mar 2007)
    -------------------------------
    Former Constitution
    (10 Dec 2006-10 Mar 2007)
    Capital: Stepanakert
    (Khankendi)

    (Tatev 1920-1921;
    Shusha 1751-1822)
    Currency: Armenian Dram
    (AMD) and (from 2005)
     
    Artsakh Dram (DNKR)
    National Holiday: 1 Sep (1991)
    Artsakhi Hanrapetutyan or
    (Artsakh Independence Day)
    Population: 150,932 (2015)
    125,300 (1926)
    GDP: $380 million (2012)
    $59 million (1999)
    Exports: 20.7 billion AMD (2004)
    Imports: 58.7 billion AMD (2004)
    Ethnic groups: Armenian 99.74%, Russian 0.1%, Greeks 0.02%, Ukrainian 0.02%, Georgian 0.01%, others 0.11% (2005)
    1989: Armenian 76.9%, Azeri 21.5%, Russian 1%, other 0.6% (1989)
    Total Armed Forces: 18,500-20,000 (2007)
    Religions: Armenian Apostolic 95%, Eastern Orthodox,
    Protestant, other and none
    International Organizations/Treaties: CDRN (from 2007)

    c.1554                     State under the rule of an Atabeg founded; part of Persia.
    1588                       Part of the Ottoman Empire.
    1606                       Khanate of Qarabagh (Karabakh) founded.
    14 May 1806                Annexed to Russia by Treaty of Kurekchay.
    Oct 1822                   Khanate abolished by Russia.
     4 Jun 1918                Treaty of Batum recognizes Karabakh as an autonomous part
                                 of Azerbaijan.
    24 Jul 1918                (Armenian) People's Government of Karabakh established (from Sep
                                 1918 renamed Karabakh Armenian National Council).
    Sep 1918 - 31 Oct 1918     Ottoman occupation.
    22 Aug 1919 - 22 Mar 1920  Karabakh agrees to consider itself to be provisionally within
                                 the borders of Azerbaijan, but continues separate government.
    Apr 1920                   Karabakh declared incorporated into Armenia. 
    10 Aug 1920                Armenia and Soviet Russia agreement under which Soviet troops
                                 occupied Karabakh, Zangezur and Nakhichevan for the peaceful
                                 resolution of territorial issues.
     2 Dec 1920                Azerbaijan S.S.R. Revolutionary Committee recognizes Nakhichevan,
                                 Nagorno-Karabakh and Zangezur as part of Armenian S.S.R.
    25 Dec 1920                Autonomous Republic of Syunik proclaimed by anti-Soviet Armenian
                                 forces in Syunie (Siunie) in Zangezur, with capital at Tatev,
                                 which was declared as "autonomous within Republic of Armenia."
     2 Apr 1921                Republic of Syunik proclaims independence.
    27 Apr 1921                Syunik is joined to part of Nagorno-Karabakh and is renamed the
                                 Republic of Mountainous Armenia.
     1 Jul 1921                Mountainous Armenia renames itself the Republic of Armenia.
    5/9 Jul 1921               Soviet Russian occupation.
     7 Jul 1923                Autonomous Oblast of Nagorno Karabakh (within Azerbaijan S.S.R.)
     5 Dec 1936                Renamed Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast.
    20 Feb 1988                Supreme Soviet of Nagorno-Karabakh votes to reunite with Armenia
                                 (rejected by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. on 28 Mar 1988,
                                 but recognized by Armenian S.S.R. on 15 Jun 1988). 
    12 Jul 1988                Supreme Soviet of Nagorno-Karabakh again votes to join Armenia
                                 (rejected by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. on 18 Jul 1988, but
                                 ratified by Armenian S.S.R. 1 Dec 1989). 
    12 Jan 1989 - 28 Nov 1989  Under direct administration by the Soviet Union.
    28 Nov 1989                Autonomy abrogated by the Soviet Union. 
     1 Dec 1989                During a joint session, the Supreme Soviet of Armenian S.S.R. and
                                 the National Council adopt a resolution on reunification
                                 of Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenian S.S.R.
    27 Aug 1990                Azerbaijan S.S.R. abolishes Nagorno-Karabakh autonomy.
     
    1 Sep 1991                Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh (or Republic of Mountainous 
                                 Karabakh) (Artsakh) declared.
    26 Nov 1991                Azerbaijan abolishes Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast.
    10 Dec 1991                Referendum votes for Nagorno-Karabakh independence by 99.8%
     6 Jan 1992                Independence declared (not internationally recognized).
    19 May 1992 -              Armenian occupation of adjacent Azeri cities of Lachin; 
                                 Kelbajar from 7 Apr 1993, Aghdam 24 Jul 1993, Fizuli 23 Aug 1993,
                                 Jebrayil 26 Aug 1993 and Gubatly 31 Aug 1993, Horadiz 23 Oct 1993
                                 - Feb 1994 and Zangelan from 1 Nov 1993.
    12 May 1994 -              Cease-fire by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh.
    10 Dec 2006                Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh (Republic of Artsakh)    
    10 Mar 2017                Renamed Republic of Artsakh (Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh
    ).

    Responsible Secretaries of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast Committee
    of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan

    Jul 1923 - Nov 1923        Sero V. Manutsyan
    17 Dec 1923 - Apr 1924     Akop Minayevich Kamari            (b. 1885 - d. 1930)
                                
    (Bedzhanyan)
    Apr 1924 - Oct 1924        Nikolay Sarkisov

    Oct 1924 - 1925            Hayk Hachaturovich Silanyan       (d. 1938)
    1925 - Aug 1929            Artavazd Aleksandrovich Saakyants (b. 1895 - d. 1939)
    Aug 1929 - Jun 1930        Ashot Abramovich Karamyan         (b. 1898 - d. 193.)
    Jun 1930 - Aug 1931        Khoren Varunts
    Sep 1931 - 193.            Karo (Karapet) Shamirovich        (b. 1899 - d. 1938)
                                 Grigoryan
    First Secretaries of the Nagorno-Karabakh
    Autonomous Oblast Committee of the Communist
    Party (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan (from 13 Oct 1952, Communist Party of Azerbaijan)
    193. - Aug 1933            Karo (Karapet) Shamirovich        (s.a.)
                                 Grigoryan
    Aug 1933 - Mar 1934        Bagrat S. Batikyan
    Apr 1934 - Sep 1937        Pyotr A. Pogosov
    Sep 1937 - 1940            Mikhail Sergeyevich Manukyants    (b. 1909 - d. 1968)

                                 (1st time)
    1940 - Jan 1942            Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Avanesov   (b. 1901 - d. 1942)

    Jan 1942 - 13 Mar 1942     Stepan Aleksandrovich Zamarayev
                                 (acting)
    13 Mar 1942 - 1946
             Yegishe Petrosovich Grigoryan     (b. 1902 - d. 19..)
                                 (1st time)
    1946 - 1948                Mikhail Sergeyevich Manukyants    (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
    1948 - Jan 1949            Tigran Grigoryevich Grigoryan    
    (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
    Jan 1949 - 1952            Sedrak Karapetovich Abramov       (b. 1900 - d. 19..)
    1952 - Dec 1958            Yegishe Petrosovich Grigoryan     (s.a.)

                                 (2nd time)
    Dec 1958 - Oct 1962        Nikolay Samsonovich Shakhnazarov  (b. 1908 - d. 19..)
    Oct 1962 - Jun 1973        Gurgen Allakhverdovich Melkumyan  (b. 1915 - d. af.1985)
    Jun 1973 - 24 Feb 1988     Boris Sarkisovich Kevorkov        (b. 1932 - d. 1999)
    24 Feb 1988 - 26 Nov 1991  Genrikh Andreyevich Pogosyan      (b. 1931 - d. 2000)

    Khans
    1722 - May 1728            Dawud Khan
    1728 - 1730                Makhithar
    1730 - 1738                Ughurlu II Khan Ziyad oghlu
    1743?                      Khan Chemskeseka
    1747 - 1761                Panah Khan `Ali Beg               (b. 1693 - d. 1763)
    1761 - 14 Jun 1806         Ibrahim Khalil                    (b. 1732 - d. 1806)
    13 Sep 1806 - Oct 1822     Mahdi Quli Khan Muzaffar          (b. 1763 - d. 1845)
    President of Karabakh Sovereignty Committee
    1917 - 1918                Lyuftali-bek Byebutov 
    Commissioner of the People's Government of Karabakh (from Sep 1918,
    Chief minister of the Karabakh Armenian National Council)

    22 Jul 1918 - 20 Feb 1919  Yeghishe Ishkhanian               (b. 1886 - d. 1975)
                                 (Ottoman prisoner 1-31 Oct 1918; in dissidence from Jan 1919)
    Governor-general of Karabakh and Zangezur
    15 Jan 1919 - 16 Apr 1920  Khosrov Bey Sultanov              (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
    President of the Authority
    Apr 1920 - 1920            Arsen Ogannesyan
    Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
    1920                       Sako Ambartsumyan
    Sparapet (Commander) of Autonomous Republic of Syunik
    25 Dec 1920 - 27 Apr 1921  Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan           (b. 1886 - d. 1955)
                                 "Karekin Nzhdeh"
    Prime ministers of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia
    27 Apr 1921 -  1 Jul 1921  Karekin Egishevich Ter-Arutyunian (s.a.)
     1 Jul 1921 -  9 Jul 1921  Simon Vratsyan                    (b. 1882 - d. 1969)
    Chairmen of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee
    of Nagorno Karabakh
    24 Jul 1923 -  6 Nov 1923  Armenak Mkrtychevich Karakozov    (b. 1890 - d. 1937)  AKP
    Chairmen of the Executive Committee
     
    6 Nov 1923 - Dec 1929     Armenak Mkrtychevich Karakozov    (s.a.)               AKP
    1930 - 1931                Islam Abdulla oglu Hadzhiyev      (b. 1889 - d. 1938)  AKP
    1931 - 1935?               ....
    1935? - Sep 1937           Suren Mirzoyevich Badamyan        (b. 1895 - d. 19..)  AKP
    1937 - 1939                Hayk Avetisovich Karkaryan        (b. 1904 - d. 1988)
      AKP
    Dec 1940 - Oct 1944        Grigoriy Sergeyevich Petrosyan                         AKP
    1944 - 1945                Musheg Avakovich Grigoryan        (b. 1907 - d. 1969)  AKP
    1945 - 1953                Yegishe Semyonovich Akopov        (b. 1902 - d. 19..)  AKP
    May 1953 - Mar 1954        Pasha Astsaturovich Arushanov     (b. 1916 - d. 2004)  AKP
    Mar 1954 - Mar 1963        Ruben Tevosovich Shakhramanyan    (b. 1914 - d. 19..)  AKP      
    Mar 1963 - Feb 1974        Musheg Grigoryevich Ogandzhanyan  (b. 1924)            AKP
    Feb 1974 - Aug 1988        Armais Amirovich Aslanov          (b. 1923 - d. 1992)  AKP
    Aug 1988 - Jul 1991        Semyon Amayakovich Babayan        (b. 1932)            AKP
    Jul 1991 -  2 Sep 1991     Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan    (b. 1953 - d. 1999)  AKP
                                 (acting)
    Chairman of the Special Management Committee of
    Nagorno-Karabakh
    12 Jan 1989 - 28 Nov 1989  Arkadiy Ivanovich Volskiy         (b. 1932 - d. 2006KPSS
    Commandant of the Special Area of NKR (commander of the State of Emergency)
    28 Nov 1989 - 1991         Vladislav F. Safonov                                   Mil
    C
    hairmen of the Organizational Committee on Nagorno-Karabakh
     
    6 Dec 1989 - Aug 1991     Viktor Petrovich Polyanichko      (b. 1937 - d. 1993)  AZP 
    1991 - 20 Nov 1991         Zul'fi Salekh oglu Hadzhiyev      (b. 1935 - d. 1991)
    Chairman of the National Council

    16 Aug 1989 - 1990         Vazgen Grigoryan (in opposition)         
    Chairmen of Parliament
     
    2 Sep 1991 -  6 Jan 1992  Leonard Georgii Petrosyan         (s.a.)               Non-party
                                
    (= Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan)
     7 Jan 1992 - 14 Apr 1992  Artur Aslani Mkrtchyan            (b. 1959 - d. 1992)
      Non-party
    15 Apr 1992 - 14 Jun 1993  Georgi Mikayeli Petrosyan         (b. 1953)            Non-party
                                 (acting)
    14 Jun 1993 - 29 Dec 1994  Karen Zarmayri Baburyan           (b. 1954 - d. 2011)  Non-party
                                 (acting)
    Presidents
    29 Dec 1994 - 20 Mar 1997  Robert Sedraki Kocharyan          (b. 1954)            Non-party
    20 Mar 1997 -  8 Sep 1997  Leonard Georgii Petrosyan (acting)(s.a.)               Non-party
     8 Sep 1997 -  7 Sep 2007  Arkadiy Arshaviri Ghukasyan       (b. 1957)            Non-party
     7 Sep 2007 -              Bako Sahaki Sahakyan              (b. 1960)            Non-party

    Prime Ministers
     8 Jan 1992 - 14 Aug 1992  Oleg Yesayu Yesayan               (b. 1946)            Non-party
    15 Aug 1992 - 24 Dec 1994  Robert Sedraki Kocharyan          (s.a.)               Non-party
    Dec 1994 - 15 Jun 1998     Leonard Georgii Petrosyan         (s.a.)               Non-party
    15 Jun 1998 - 30 Jun 1999  Zhirayr Tevani Poghosyan          (b. 1942)            Non-party
    30 Jun 1999 - 14 Sep 2007  Anushavan Sureni Danielyan        (b. 1956)            Non-party
    14 Sep 2007 - 25 Sep 2017  Arayik Vladimiri Harutyunyan      (b. 1973)            AH 
    Ministers of State
    25 Sep 2017 - 
    6 Jun 2018  Arayik Vladimiri Harutyunyan      (s.a.)               AH
     6 Jun 2018 -              Grigori
    Igori Martirosyan         (b. 1978)            Non-party

    Party abbreviations: AH = Azat Hayrenik Kusaktsutyun (Free Motherland Party, conservative, Artsakh nationalist, est.29 Jan 2005); HHK = Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun (Republican Party of Armenia, center-right, nationalist, refounded 1998, est.1990);
    - Former parties: AKP = Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi (Azerbaijan Communist Party, Marxist-Leninist communist, from 1920 state party, 1918-16 Sep 1991); KPSS = Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza (Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Marxist-Leninist communist, USSR state party to 13 Mar 1990, former All-Union Communist Party [Bolsheviks], 13 Oct 1952 - 29 Aug 1991); RKP = Rossiyskaya Kommunisticheskaya Partiya (Bol'shevikov)(Russian Communist Party [Bolsheviks], Marxist-Leninist communist, state party, former RSDRP-B, 8 Mar 1918-31 Dec 1925, renamed All-Union Communist Party [Bolsheviks])



    Nakhichevan (Naxcivan)
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaijan, 1918]
    Nov 1918 - Jun 1919
    [Nakhichevan
                          Flag of 1920]
    28 Jul 1920 - 1921
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1922-1925]
    1922 - 14 Mar 1925
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1925]
    14 Mar 1925 - 18 Sep 1937
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1926-1938]
    18 Sep 1937 - 25 Aug 1938
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1938-1940]
    25 Aug 1938 - 1 Jan 1940
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1940-1945]
    1 Jan 1940 - 1945
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1945-1953]
    1945 - 22 Aug 1953
    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1952
    22 Aug 1953 - 26 Jun 1956
    [Nakhichevan
                          ASSR flag of 1956-1978]
    26 Jun 1956 - 1978
    [Nakhichevan
                          ASSR flag of 1978-1990]
    1978 - 17 Nov 1990
    [Nakhichevan officially the Azerbaijan flag
                      (Nakhichevan does not have a flag)]
    Adopted 12 Nov 1995

    Map of Nakhichevan Capital: Nakhichevan
    (Naxıvan)
    (Arars Rep. - Nakhichevan
     1918-1919)
    Constitution
    (29 Dec 1998)
    Population: 439,800 (2015)

    15..                       Part of Persia
    1635 - 1636                Ottoman occupation.
    1722 - 1736                Ottoman occupation.
    1747                       Khanate of Nakhchivan (Nakhchevān).

    22 Feb 1828                Annexed to Russia by the Treaty of Turkmenchay.
    1834                       Khanate abolished by Russia.
    Sep 1918 - 31 Oct 1918     Ottoman occupation.
     
    1 Nov 1918                Republic of Aras (Araz Respublikası)(or Araxi, Araz, Araxes)
                                 proclaimed by Azeris in Nakhichevan, composed of the former
                                 uyezds of Nakhchivan, Sharur-Daralagez and Surmal.

    26 Jan 1919 -  6 Jun 1919  Allied (British) occupation of
    Nakhichevan.
     6 Jun 1919 - 10 Aug 1919  Occupied by Armenia.
    Mar 1920 - 1920            Occupied by Turkey.
    28 Jul 1920                Nakhichevan occupied by Soviet Russian
    forces, Socialist Soviet
                                 Republic of Nakhichevan is proclaimed.

    27 Feb 1923                Nakhichevan Autonomous Oblast
    19 Jun 1923                Part of Azerbaijan S.S.R.
     9 Feb 1924                Nakhichevan Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic, within 

                                 Azerbaijan S.S.R.
     
    5 Dec 1936                Renamed Nakhichevan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
    20 Jan 1990                Independence declared from Soviet Union, but not Azerbaijan.
    17 Nov 1990                Nakhichevan (Naxivan) Autonomous Republic, within Azerbaijan
                                 (confirmed by Azerbaijan 12 Nov 1995).

    Responsible Secretaries of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Oblast Committee
    of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of A
    zerbaijan
    1921                       Bagatur Kasum oglu Velibekov     (b. 1894 - d. 1940)
                                 (1st time)
    1921 - 1924                ....
    Responsible Secretaries of the Nakhichevan Regional Committee
    of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of A
    zerbaijan
    c.1924                     Yusif Pasha oglu Tairov          (b. 1893 - d. 1938)
    1925 - 192.                Alesker Abbas oglu Shakhbazov    (b. 1898 - d. 1973)

    192. - 192.                Ibragim Tagi oglu Tagiyev        (b. 1894 - d. 1937)
    192. - 192.                Aga Verdi Khadzhi Yarali oglu    (b. 1895 - d. 1937)
                                 Ragimov

    1929 - c.1931              ....
    First Secretaries of the Nakhichevan Regional Committee of the Communist
    Party (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan (from 13 Oct 1952, Communist Party of Azerbaijan)

    c.1931 - 1933              Bagatur Kasum oglu Velibekov
        (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
    1933 - 1934                Ali Kara Yakhya oglu Mamedov     (b. 1902 - d. 19..)
    1934 - Dec 1936            Mekhti Adi Gyozal oglu Mekhtiyev (b. 1895 - d. 1937)
    Dec 1936 - 1937            Hasan Ali Pasha oglu Rakhmonov   (d. 1938)
    1937                       Sultan Teymur oglu Sultanov      (b. 1905 - d. 1938)
    1938? - Oct 1940           Kyazim Heydar oglu Ismailov

    Oct 1940 - Jan 1948        Huseyn Gumbat oglu Nadzhafov
    Jan 1948 - 1952?           Yusif Niftali oglu Yusifov       (b. 1906 - d. 1995)
    1952 - Dec 1955            Ismail Nasrulla oglu Askerov     (b. 1914)
    Dec 1956 -  3 Oct 1961     Khurshud Bayram Kulu oglu        (b. 1906 - d. 19..)
                                 Mamedov                
     
    3 Oct 1961 - Mar 1970     Hadzhi Aga Khalil oglu           (b. 1923 - d. 1992)
                                 Ibrahimov
    Mar 1970 - 28 Dec 1975     Aslan Aga Huseyn oglu Huseynov   (b. 1916)

    28 Dec 1975 -  6 Dec 1983  Kamran Nabi oglu Rahimov         (b. 1928 - d. 2007)
     
    6 Dec 1983 - Nov 1988     Nuraddin Elyazovich Mustafayev   (b. 1942)
    Nov 1988 - Jan 1990        Heydar Isa oglu Isayev           (b. 1936 - d. 1999)
    Jan 1990 - 1990            Afetdin Dzhalil oglu Dzhalilov   (b. 1946 - d. 1994)
    First Secretaries of the Nakhichevan Republican Committee of the
    Communist Party of Azerbaijan
    1990 - Apr 1991            Afetdin Dzhalil oglu Dzhalilov   (s.a.)

    Apr 1991 - 14 Sep 1991     Akper Fattakh oglu Aliyev        (b. 1950)

    Khans
    1747 - 1764                Haydar Quli Khan
    1764 - 1765                Haji Khan
    1765 - 1770                Rahim Khan
    1770 - 1773                Ali Quli Khan
    1773 - 1781                Veli Quli Khan
    1781 - 1783                Abbas Quli Khan (1st time)
    1783 - 1785                Jafar Quli Khan
    1785 - 1787                Skreli Khan
    1787 - 1796                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (d. 1823)
                                 (1st time)
    1797 - 1801                Abbas Quli Khan (2nd time)
    1801 - 1804                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (s.a.)
                                 (2nd  time)
    1804                       Abbas Quli Khan (3rd time)
    1804 - 1813                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (s.a.)
                                 (3rd time)
    1813 - 1816                Karim Khan Kangarli (1st time)
    1816 - 1820                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (s.a.)
                                 (4th time)
    1820                       Nezereli Khan
    1820 - 1827                Karim Khan Kangarli (2nd time)
    1827 - 1828                Ehsan Khan                       (b. 1789 - d. 1846)
    1828 - 1834                Karim Khan Kangarli (3dr time)
    Chairman of the Republic of Aras (Araz)
     
    1 Nov 1918 - Jan 1919     Jafargulu Khan Nakhchivanski     (b. 1859 - d. 1929)
                                 (Cafer Kuli Han) 

    Allied (British) Military Governors of Nakhichevan
    26 Jan 1919 -  2 Apr 1919  Frederick Eastfield Laughton                          Mil
     3 Apr 1919 -  6 Jun 1919  John Chalmers Simpson                                 Mil
    Chairmen of the Nakhichevan Revolutionary Committee

    28 Jul 1920 - 1921         Mustafa Baktashev                                     RKP
    Jun 1921 - 25 Jan 1922     Beybut Aga Shakhtakhtinskiy      (b. 1881 - d. 1924)  RKP
    Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
    1922? - 1923               Bagatur Kasum oglu Velibekov     (s.a.)               RKP
                                 (1st time)
    bf.1927 - c.1928           Baba Babayev                                          AKP
    1930? - 1931               Bagatur Kasum oglu Velibekov     (s.a.)               AKP
                                
    (2nd time)
    1933 - 1934                Khalil Agamir oglu Agamirov      (b. 1897 - d. 1940)  AKP
    1934 - 1936                Aga Verdi Khadzhi Yarali oglu
       (s.a.)               AKP
                                 Ragimov
    1936 - 1937                Vacant
    1937                       Saftar Mamed oglu Dzhafarov      (b. 1900 - d. 1961) 
    AKP
    1937 - 24 Jul 1938         Mamed Ali oglu Ragimov                                AKP
    Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

    Jul 1938 - c.1940          Mamed Ali oglu Ragimov
                                    AKP
    Oct 1943 - Apr 1952        Dzhabrail Ibrahim oglu Mamedov   (b. 1910 - d. 1976)  AKP
    Apr 1952 - 1963            Huseyn Kurban oglu Mamedov       (b. 1900 - d. 1970)  AKP
    1963 - 1990                Sakina Abbas kyzy Aliyeva (f)    (b. 1925)            AKP
    1990 - 17 Nov 1990         Afetdin Dzhalil oglu Dzhalilov   (s.a.)               AKP
    Chairmen of the Supreme Council (Majlis)
    17 Nov 1990 - Apr 1991     Afetdin Dzhalil oglu Dzhalilov   (s.a.)
    Apr 1991 - Sep 1991        Akper Fattakh oglu Aliyev        (b. 1950)
     
    5 Sep 1991 - 23 Jun 1993  Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev        (b. 1923 - d. 2003)

     3 Jul 1993 -  4 Apr 1994  Vasif Yusuf oglu Talybov         (b. 1960)            YAP
                                 (1st time) (acting)
     4 Apr 1994 - 16 Dec 1995  Natiq Hasanov                    (b. 1944)
    16 Dec 1995 -              Vasif Yusuf oglu Talybov         (s.a.)               YAP
                                 (2nd time) 


    Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars

    1920 - 1922                A. Kadymov                                            RKP
    Jan 1922 -  3 May 1922     Beybut Aga Shakhtakhtinskiy      (s.a.)               RKP
    1922 - 27 Feb 1923         Teymur Makhmudovich Aliyev       (b. 1896 - d. 1938)  RKP
    1923 - 1924                ...
    18 Jan 1924 - 1925         A. Akhundov                                           AKP
    1925 - 1929                Hamid Hasan oglu Sultanov
            (b. 1889 - d. 1937)  AKP
    1929 - 1932                Teimur Magomet oglu Aliyev                            AKP
    1932 - 1938                ....
    1938 - 1942                Balamet Yuz Akhmed oglu Balametov                     AKP
                                 (1st time)
    c.1943                     Isak Musa oglu Gyulmamedov
    1944? - 1946?              Adi Gyozal Khalil oglu Gyozalov
      (b. 1907 - d. 19..)  AKP
    Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
    28 Mar 1946 - 1947?        ....
    1947 - 1950?               Balamet Yuz Akhmed oglu Balametov                    
    AKP
                                 (2nd time)
    195. - 1953                I. Gyulmamedov                                        AKP
    Jun 1953 - 1955            Neymat Huseynovich Novruzov      (b. 1908 - d. 19..)  AKP
    1955 - 1959                Rahim Karam oglu Rahimov         (b. 1920 - d. 2000)  AKP
    1959 - 1964                Mamed Hasan oglu Askerov         (b. 1918 - d. 1988)  AKP
    1964 - 1970                Ramazan Akper oglu Ismailov      (b. 1928)            AKP
    1970 - Jan 1979            Yusif Mustafa oglu Nabiyev       (b. 1926)            AKP
    Jan 1979 - May 1983        Imran Azim oglu Mekhtiyev        (b. 1936)            AKP
    May 1983 - Mar 1988        Zul'fi Salekh oglu Gadzhiyev     (b. 1935 - d. 1991)  AKP
    Mar 1988 - Nov 1988        Heydar Isa oglu Isayev           (s.a.)               AKP
    Nov 1988 - 1989            Sakina Abbas kyzy Aliyeva (f)    (s.a.)               AKP
    1989 - Jan 1990            Afetdin Dzhalil oglu Dzhalilov   (s.a.)               AKP
    1990 - Sep 1991            Mir Ismail Mir Ali oglu Aliyev   (b. 1941)            AKP
    Prime ministers
    Sep 1991 - 1993            Bedzhan Ibrahim oglu Farzaliyev
    1993 - 2000                Shamsaddin Guseyn oglu           (b. 1939) 
                                 Khanbabayev
    2000 -                     Alovsat Gazanfar oglu Bakhshiyev (b. 1956)

    Party abbreviationYAP = Yeni Azerbaycan Partiyasi (New Azerbaijan Party, nationalist, center-right, est.18 Dec 1992);
    - Former parties:
    AKP = Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi (Azerbaijan Communist Party, Marxist-Leninist communist, from 1920 state party, 1918-16 Sep 1991); RKP = Rossiyskaya Kommunisticheskaya Partiya (Bol'shevikov)(Russian Communist Party [Bolsheviks], Marxist-Leninist communist, state party, former RSDRP-B, 8 Mar 1918-31 Dec 1925, renamed All-Union Communist Party [Bolsheviks])



    Talysh-Mughan (Talishtan)
     
    [Russian flag]
    4 Aug 1918 - 25 Apr 1919
    [Mughan Soviet
                          Republic (Azerbaijan)]
    25 Apr 1919 - 23 Jun 1919
    [Flag of
                          Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic 1993
                          (Azerbaijan)]
    21  Jun - 23 Aug 1993 Talysh-Mughan Flag

    1747 - 1828                Talysh (Talesh) Khanate
    1785 - 1789                Subordinated to the Quba Khanate.
    12 Oct 1813                Annexed to Russia.
    Apr 1918                   With aid of Baku Commune, Soviet rule established at Lenkoran.
    Jun 1918                   Executive Committee of Lenkoran District is established after
                                 proclamation of independence of Azerbaijan
    .

     
    4 Aug 1918                Provisional Military Dictatorship of Mughan formed (which does 
                                 not support independence of Azerbaijan) and declared to
                                 be an autonomous part of Russia, loyal to "White" Russian
                                 forces under Denikin.

    28 Dec 1918                Re-organized as Mughan Territorial Administration.
    25 Apr 1919                Mughan Soviet Republic proclaimed within Russian S.F.S.R.
                                 by the
    Extraordinary Congress of Councils of Workers' and
                                 Peasants'
    Deputies of Lenkoran district.

    23 Jun 1919                Integrated into the Azerbaidzhan Soviet Socialist Republic.
    21 Jun 1993 - 23 Aug 1993  Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic declared in seven districts
                                 around Lankoran in rebellion (not recognized by Azerbaijan).
     

    Khans
    1747 - Jun/Jul 1787        Mir Jamaladdin                   (b. 1708 - d. 1787)
                               
    (Gara Khan from 1741)
    Jun/Jul 1787 -  7 Aug 1814 Mir Mustafa Khan                 (b. 1747 - d. 1814)

    Aug 1814 - Jun 1828        Mir Hasan Khan                   (b. 1787 - d. 1832)
                                 (in exile 1826 - 25 Jun 1826)
    Extraordinary Commissioners

    Apr 1918 - Jun 1918        M. Israfilbekov (Kadirili) 
                                 (in Mughan)
                               + F. Matveyev (in Lenkoran)
    Chairman of Executive Committee
    Jun 1918 -  4 Aug 1918     T.P. Sukhorukov
    Dictators
     
    4 Aug 1918 - 28 Dec 1918  T.P. Sukhorukov 
                               + Ilyasheyvich
    Chairman of the Administration
    28 Dec 1918 - 25 Apr 1919  Ilyasheyvich 
    Chairman of the Provincial Council
    1. May 1919 - 25 Jul 1919  D.D. Chirkin
    Chairman of Regional Executive Committee
    15/18 May 1919-23 Jun 1919 Nikolay Tutyshkin 
    President of the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic
    21 Jun 1993 - 23 Aug 1993  Alikram Hummatov                 (b. 1948)            PEP/Mil
                                (Alikram Gumbatov

    Party abbreviations: PEP = Party for Equality of the People's of Azerbaijan (formerly Party of the Talesh People, Talysh autonomist, 1992-Oct 1993); Mil = Military



    Azeri Khanates under Persian rule

    Baku

    172.                       Khanate founded.
    10 Jul 1723 - 10 Mar 1735  Occupied by Russia (annexed 12 Sep 1723). 
    1735 - 1747                Annexed to Persia.
    Jul 1796 - Mar 1797        Occupied by Russia.
     6 Oct 1806                Annexed to Russia.

    Khans
    172. - 1728                Dargah Quli Khan
    1747 - 1768                Mirza Muhammad Khan
    1768 - 1770                Fath `Ali Khan                   (b. 1736 - d. 1789) 
                                 (also in Quba, Shamakha)
    1770 - 1772                `Abd Allah Beg (also in Shamakha)
    1772 - 1783                Malik Muhammad Khan 
    1784 - 1791                Mirza Muhammad Khan 
    1791 - 1792                Muhammad Quli Khan               (d. 1792)
    1792 -  6 Oct 1806         Husayn Quli Khan                 (d. 1845)



    Ganja

    1747                       Khanate founded.
     3 Jan 1804                Annexed to Russia.

    Khans
    1747 - 1761                Shah Wardi Khan
    1761 - 1781                Muhammad Hasan Khan
    1781 - 1784                Ibrahim Khalil Khan
                                 (also in Qarabagh)
    1784 - 1786                Hajji Beg
    1786 -  3 Jan 1804         al-Jawad Khan                  (b. 1748 - d. 1804)



    Jawad

    Khan
    1778? - 1789               Tala Hasan Khan                (d. 1789)


    Nakhchiwan: see under Nakhichevan

    Qarabagh: see under Nagorno-Karabakh


    Quba (Kuba)

    1680                       Khanate founded.
    1806                       Russian protectorate.
    1816                       Annexed to Russia.

    Saytaq Khans
    1680 - Sep 1721            Husayn (I) Khan
    1721                       Ahmad Khan
    1721 - 1722                Chulaq Surkhay Khan              (b. 1680 - d. 1748)
                                 (also ruler of Qazi Qumuq in Daghestan)
    1722 - 1758                Husayn `Ali Khan ibn Ahmad Khan
    1758 - Mar 1789            Fath `Ali Khan                   (b. 1736 - d. 1789) 
                                 (also in Baku, Shamakha)
    1789 - 1791                Ahmad Khan 
    1791 - 1806                Shaykh `Ali Agha 
    1806 - 1816                Husayn (II) Khan



    Salyan

    1729                       Khanate founded, under Persian suzerainty.
    1782                       Incorporated into Quba.
    1819                       Annexed to Russia.

    Khans
    1729 - 17..                Hasan Beg
    1748 - 1757                Ibrahim'
    1757 - 1768                Kalb `Ali Sultan
    1768 - 1782                Qubad Sultan



    Shakki (Sheki)

    c.1500                     Khanate founded.
    1551                       Annexed to Persia.
    c.1583                     Annexed to Ottoman Empire.
    1761 - 1765                Part of Qazi Qumuq (Daghestan).
    21 May 1805                Annexed to Russia.
     
    5 Aug 1819                Khanate abolished

    Khan 
    .... - 1743                Malik Najaf Khan
    Rulers (title Bashchi)
    1743 - 1755                Chalabi Khan                  (d. 1755) 
    1755 - 1761                Agha Kishi Beg
    1765 - 1780                Husayn Khan                   (d. 1780)
    1780 - 1783                `Abd al-Qadir Khan            (d. 1783)
    21 Dec 1783 - 1795         Muhammad Hasan Wali           (b. c.1758 - d. 1831)
    1795 - 1806                Mustafa Salim Khan            (d. 1826)
    10 Dec 1806 - Dec 1815     Ja`far Quli Khan Dumbuli
    1815 -  5 Aug 1819         Isma`il Khan                  (d. 1819)



    Shamakha

    1538                       Part of Persia.
    1721                       Khanate of Shirvan (Shamakha) 
    1721 - 1732                Part of Russia.
    1732 - 1747                Part of Persia.
    1748                       Khoja Shamakha and Yeni Shamakha khanates founded.
    1786                       Merged into (re-united) Shamakha.
    25 Dec 1805                Annexed to Russia.
    1820                       Khanate abolished.

    Khans
    1721 - 1728                Gaji Davud
    1728 - 1734                Surkhay
    1734 - 1737                Mehti Quli Khan
    1737 - 17..                Ali Quli Khan
    17.. - 17..                Mohammed Quli Khan
    1739 - 1744                Sardar Beg Qirkhlu Afshar
    1744                       Haydar Khan Afshar
    1744 - 174.                Sam Mirza


    Khoja Shamakha

    Khan
    1748 - 1786                Muhammad Sa`id Khan 


    Yeni Shamakha

    Khans
    1748 - 1763                Muhammad `Ali Khan
    1763 - 1768                Aghazi Khan (1st time)        (b. 1731 - d. 1788)
    1768 - 1769                Fath `Ali Khan                (b. 1736 - d. 1789) 
                                 (also in Baku, Quba)
    1769 - 1770                `Abd Allah Beg (also in Baku)
    1770 - 1778                Ildar Beg
    1778 - 1786                Aghazi Khan (2nd time)        (s.a.)


    Shamakha (reunited)

    Khans
    1786 - 1789                Askar Khan                    (b. 1756 - d. 1820)
    1789 - 1796                Qasim Khan                    (b. 1763 - d. 1828)
    1796 - 1820                Mustafa Khan                  (b. 17.. - d. 1844)


    Talish: see under Talysh-Mughan





    Ben Cahoon