World Statesmen.org HOME > return to United States >>

 
 







 
 

Northern Mariana Islands
 
[Flag of Spain
                                    1785-1931]
to 16 Nov 1899
 
[German
                                    Empire 1870-1919 (Germany)]
16 Nov 1899 - 14 Oct 1914
 
[Japan]
14 Oct 1914 - 19 Jun 1944
 
[US
                                    flag]
Adopted 19 Jun 1944
 
[Flag of
                                    United Nations]
18 Jul 1947 - 19 Aug 1965 Pacific Is.Trust Terr.
 
[Pacific
                                    Islands Trust Terr. -Six Star Flag
                                    (U.S.) ]
19 Aug 1965 - 31 Mar 1972 Pacific Is.Trust Terr.
 
[Flag
                                    of the Northern Mariana Islands
                                    (District Flag to 1976) 1972-1989
                                    (U.S.)]
31 Mar 1972 - 1 Jul 1989 (District Flag to 4 Jul 1976)
 
[Flag of the Northern Mariana
                                    Islands 1989-1991 (U.S.)]
1 Jul 1989 - 1991
 
[Flag of the Northern Mariana
                                    Islands 1991-1995 (U.S.)]
1991 - 4 Jul 1995
 
[Flag of
                                    the Northern Mariana Islands
                                    (U.S.)]
Adopted 4 Jul 1995
 


Map of the Northern
Mariana Islands
Hear National Anthem
 "Star Spangled Banner"
Text of Local Anthem
"Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi"/
"Satil Matawal Pacifico"
(In the Middle of the Sea)

Adopted 3 Oct 1996
Constitution
(1 Jan 1978)
Capital: Saipan
(Garapan 1907-1944;
Saipan 1899-1907)
Currency: US Dollar (USD);
1914-1944 Japanese Yen (JPY)
National Holiday: 4 Jul (1776)
U.S. Independence Day
--------------------------------------
Local  Holiday: 24 Mar (1976)
Commonwealth Covenant Day
Population: 52,263 (2017)
GDP: $1.59 billion (2017)
Exports: $914 million (2016)
Imports: $154 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: Filipino 35.3%, Chamorro 23.9%, Chinese 6.8%,
 
Carolinians 4.6%, Korean 4.2%, Chuukese 2.3%, Palauan 2.2%,
Japanese, and other Asian 3.6%,
other Pacific Islander 1.9%,
 white 2.1%, multi-ethnic 12.7%, other 0.4% (2010)
Total Police Forces: 126 (2005)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.S.
Merchant marine: None (2017) 
Religions: Roman Catholic 59.6%, Protestant 18.7%,
other Christian 1.4%, other 20.3% (1995)
International Organizations/Treaties: Interpol (subbureau), PC, PIF (observer), UPU
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Chronology

 6 Mar 1521                Discovered by Ferdinand Magellan and claimed for
                             Spain, named Las Isles de las Velas 
                             Latinas [Islands of the Latine Sails]).
 9 Mar 1521                Renamed Las Islas de los Ladrones (Islands of 
                             the Thieves). 
22 Jan 1565                Island reclaimed as a Spanish possession by
                             Miguel López de Legazpi.
14 Jun 1668                Settlement begins, named Islas de las Marianas
                             (see Guam); subordinated to New Spain (Mexico).
1817                       Subordinated to the Philippines.
21 Jun 1898                Northern Marianas are separated from Guam when
                             Guam becomes a U.S. territory.
12 Feb 1899                Sold to Germany by Spain (Marianen-Inseln)
                             (effective 16 Nov 1899), from 1907 part of German
                             New Guinea ([see Papua New Guinea]; subordinated
                             to district officers in Caroline Islands).
14 Oct 1914                Japanese occupation of Saipan (see Marshall Islands
                             from 28 Dec 1914 see under Palau).
28 Jun 1919                Germany formally renounces claims to the islands.
17 Dec 1920                League of Nations mandate (from 1 Apr 1922 part 

                             of South Seas Government [see under Palau]).
 9 Jul 1944                U.S. occupation of Saipan (invasion begin 15 Jun
                             1944)(Tinian from 1 Aug 1944 and
Rota 2 Sep 1945)
                            (see under
Micronesia).
 
9 Jul 1944 -  7 May 1962  U.S. Navy military administration (under U.S.
                             Department of Interior 1 Jul 1951 - 1 Jan 1953).
10 Jul 1944                U.S. Military Government in the Northern Mariana
                             Islands established.
18 Jul 1947                Japanese mandate formally revoked; part of the UN

                             Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (see
                             under Micronesia)(Marianas District [named
                             10 Mar 1955 - 1 Jul 1962 Saipan District] and
                             separate Rota district 10 Mar 1955 - 1 Jul 1962).
 7 May 1962 -  9 Jan 1978  Administered by the U.S. Department of Interior.
 9 Nov 1969                Northern Marianas vote for reintegration with Guam,
                             but voters on Guam reject the plan.
 9 Jan 1978                Autonomy, leaves the Trust Territory.
 4 Nov 1986                Commonwealth status (Commonwealth of the Northern
                             Mariana Islands).
10 Jul 1987                Trust territory effectively dissolved.
22 Dec 1990                Security Council ratifies termination of 
                             trusteeship.

 Rota District
(1955-1962)

Saipan Mayors
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Governors 
16 Jun 1668 - 21 Jun 1898  the governors of Mariana Islands 
                            (see Guam)
21 Jun 1898 -  9 May 1899  .... (acting)
 9 May 1899 - 16 Nov 1899  Eugenio Blanco y Leison             (b. 18.. - d. 1925)
16 Nov 1899 - 14 Oct 1914  the governors of German New Guinea
 1 Apr 1922 -  2 Feb 1944  the Administrators of South
                           Seas Agency (see Palau)
Bezirksamtmann (District magistrates)
16 Nov 1899 - Apr 1907     Georg Fritz (on Saipan)             (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
1904 - 1907                Volker Reichel (on Rota)
Stationsleiter (Station chiefs)
Apr 1907 - 29 Apr 1910     Karl Kirn (acting to 1908)          (b. 1876 - d. 1910)
1910 -  1 Mar 1911         Otto Paulisch (acting)
 
1 Mar 1911 - 18 May 1914  Georg Eberhard von Heynitz          (b. 1878 - d. 1935)
May 1914 - 14 Oct 1914     Walter Boehme (Böhme)(acting)
Commanders-in-chief U.S. Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas,
Military Governors Northern Marianas
 2 Feb 1944 - 24 Nov 1945  Chester William Nimitz              (b. 1885 - d. 1966)
24 Nov 1945 -  3 Feb 1946  Raymond Ames Spruance               (b. 1886 - d. 1969)
 3 Feb 1946
- 28 Feb 1947  John Henry Towers                   (b. 1885 - d. 1955)
28 Feb 1947 -  1 Jul 1947  Louis Emil Denfeld                  (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
Governors, Northern Mariana Islands and Chief Military Government Officers, Bonin Islands
Aug 1946 - Aug 1947        Donald Francis Smith                (b. 1900 - d. 1991)
Aug 1947 - Jun 1949        George Leo Compo                    (b. 1891 - d. 1983)
Jul 1949 - Apr 1950        Walter Coler Holt                   (b. 1899 - d. 1959)
Apr 1950 - Jun 1951        Vacant

Officers in Charge, Military Government Saipan
(subordinated to Commanders of U.S. Naval Forces Marianas Area [COMNAVMAR])
Sep 1945 - Nov 1945        John Cowling Hammock                (b. 1903 - d. ....)
Dec 1945                   Ralph Lester Ramey (1st time)       (b. 1911 - d. 1968)
Jan 1946 - Apr 1947        Lloyd Gordon Findley
                (b. 1907 - d. ....)
May 1947 - Jun 1947        Ralph Lester Ramey (2nd time)
      (s.a.)

Civil Administrators
Saipan

Sep 1947 - Dec 1948        Ralph Arthur Wilhelm                (b. 1903 - d. 19..)
Dec 1948 - Mar 1949        John Curtis Spencer (acting)        (b. 1916 - d. 2012)
Mar 1949 - Sep 1949        Fletcher L. Sheffield, Jr.          (b. 1913 - d. 1976)
Sep 1949 - Dec 1949        James Benjamin Johnson (1st time)   (b. 1914 - d. ....)
                             (acting)
Dec 1949 - Mar 1950        James R. Gray
Mar 1950 - Jun 1950        James Benjamin Johnson (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
Jun 1950 - Sep 1950        William Rawlins Lowndes             (b. 1915)
Dec 1950 - Jun 1951        James Benjamin Johnson (3rd time)   (s.a.)
Mariana Islands (1955-1962, Saipan) District Administrators
 1 Jul 1951 -  1 Jan 1953  H
enry M. Hedges                     (b. 1901 – d. 1969)
Jan 1953 - 30 Aug 1954     ....
30 Aug 1954 - 1956?        Charles Ellis Miller                (b. 1917)
1956? - Nov 1957           G.A. Evans
27 Nov 1957 -
30 Apr 1959  David Nelson Morey, Jr.             (b. 1919 - d. 2016)
30 Apr 1959 - 1960         Ralph Helland Mortensen             (b. 1919 - d. 1977)
1960 - Sep 1960            Leroy Hippe (acting)                (b. 1913 - d. 1971)
1960 - Jun 1962            Paul Wesley Bridwell
                (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
 1 Jul 1962 - 1963        
Francis Bernard Mahoney             (b. 1922 - d. 1981)
May 1963 - 1965            Roy Trent Gallemore                 (b. 1895 – d. 1977)  
1965 - 1969                Peter Tali Coleman                  (s.a.)  
1969 - 1976                Francisco "Frank" C. Ada            (b. 1934 - d. 2010)
Resident Commissioner

 1 Apr 1976 -  9 Jan 1978  Erwin Dain Canham                   (b. 1904 - d. 1982)
Governors
 9 Jan 1978 - 11 Jan 1982  Carlos Sablan Camacho               (b. 1937)            PP/Dem
11 Jan 1982 -  8 Jan 1990  Pedro Pangelinan Tenorio (1st time) (b. 1934 - d. 2018)  TP/Rep
 8 Jan 1990 - 10 Jan 1994  Lorenzo Iglecias De Leon Guerrero   (b. 1935 - d. 2006)  Rep
10 Jan 1994 - 12 Jan 1998  Froilan Cruz Tenorio                (b. 1939)            Dem
12 Jan 1998 - 14 Jan 2002  Pedro Pangelinan Tenorio (2nd time) (s.a.)               Rep
14 Jan 2002 -  9 Jan 2006  Juan Nekai Babauta                  (b. 1953)            Rep
 9 Jan 2006 - 20 Feb 2013  Benigno "Ben" Repeki Fitial         (b. 1945)           CP;2011 Rep
 4 Oct 2006 - 23 Dec 2006  Timothy Pangelinan Villagomez       (b. 1962)            CP
                             (acting for Fitial)
20 Feb 2013 - 29 Dec 2015  Eloy Songao Inos                    (b. 1949 - d. 2015) CP;2013 Rep
29 Dec 2015 -              Ralph Deleon Guerrero Torres        (b. 1979)            Rep


Military Government Officers, Military Government Section Commander-in-chief Pacific Fleet
Sep 1945 - Apr 1946        William Funsten Jennings            (b. 1900 - d. 1971)
May 1946 - Mar 1947        John Cowling Hammock                (s.a.)
Apr 1947 - May 1947        Howard Austin Yaeger                (b. 1905 - d. 1967)
Jun 1947 - Jul 1947        Crittenden B. Taylor                (b. 1906 - d. 1975)
Officers in Charge, Military Government Marshalls-Gilberts Area
Sep 1945 - Oct 1945        Charles Henry Bowman                (b. 1911 - d. ....)
Sep 1945 - Oct 1945        James J. McNamara                   (b. 1895 - d. 19..)
                             (officer in charge, Non-Garrisoned Atolls)
Oct 1945 -  5 Jan 1946     Jeremiah J. O'Connor                (b. 1906 - d. 19..)
Deputy Military Governors of the Northern Marianas

(the Commanders of U.S. Naval Forces Marianas Area)
 1 Jun 1945 - Aug 1945     John Howard Hoover                  (b. 1887 - d. 1970)
Aug 1945 - Feb 1946        George Dominic Murray               (b. 1889 - d. 1956)
Feb 1946 - 
18 Jul 1947     Charles Alan Pownall                (b. 1887 - d. 1975)
Deputy High Commissioners
of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

(resident in Saipan, Northern Marianas)

18 Jul 1947 - Jan 1948     Carleton Herbert Wright             (b. 1892 - d. 1970)
Jan 1948 - Jul 1948        Dewitt Clinton Ramsey               (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
24 Jul 1948 - 31 May 1951  Leon Sangster Fiske                 (b. 1895? - d. 1980)
 1 Jun 1951 - 23 Apr 1954  James A. McConnell

15 Aug 1954 -
26 Nov 1956  Delmas Henry Nucker                 (b. 1907 - d. 1985)
Nov 1956 - Feb 1957        ....
Feb 1957 - Oct 1958        Eugene R. Gilmartin                 (d. 1961)
Oct 1958 - May 1961        Joseph C. Putnam

May 1961 - Feb 1964
       Jose "Pepe" A. Benitez              (d. 1975)  
10 Apr 1964 - 31 Jan 1966  Richard F. Taitano                  (b. 1921 - d. 1997)
31 Jan 1966 -  6 Dec 1966  Vacant?
 6 Dec 1966 - 1969
        Martin P. Mangan                    (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
1969 - 1977                Peter Tali Coleman                  (b. 1919 - d. 1997)  
 3 Feb 1978 - 1981         Juan Atalig Sablan                  (b. 1935? - d. 1996)

Party abbreviations: CP = Covenant Party (CNMI regionalist, populist, conservative, est.2001); Dem = Democratic Party (liberal, center-left, est.1829); Rep = Republican Party (conservative, center-right, est.1854);
- Former parties: PP = Popular Party (
Northern Marianas regionalist, pro-reintegration with Guam, merged into Dem); TP = Territorial Party (Northern Marianas regionalist, supported a direct relationship with the U.S.)



Rota

10 Mar 1955                Rota separated from Saipan as a separate district of
the
                             Trust Territory of the Pacific
Islands.
 1 Jul 1962                Rota reunited with Saipan as part of Mariana Islands district.

Rota District Administrators
1955 - af.Nov 1956         Edward N. Kobayashi (acting)        (b. 1924 - d. 1993) 

195. - 1958               
Robert W. Wion                      (b. 1921 – d. 1966)
1958 - 1959                Albert Warner (acting)     
1959 - 1961                Raymond J. McKay (acting to 1960)   (b. 1926 - d. 1996)
1961 - 1962                Prudencio T. Manglona               (b. 1934 - d. 2014)




©  Ben Cahoon