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Spain Autonomous Communities

Autonomous Communities: Andalucía - Aragón - Asturias - Baleares - Canarias - Cantabria - Castilla-La Mancha - Castilla y León - Cataluña/Catalunya - Ceuta - Extremadura - Galicia - La Rioja - Madrid - Melilla - Murcia - Navarra - País Vasco/Euskadi - Valencia - Autonomous County: Val d'Aran -

Note: The Spanish constitution of 1978 mandated the creation of autonomous communities. They were implemented by statute, and created by stages from 1979 to 1983, each consisting of one or more provinces. Since 1995, Spain has consisted of 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas) of Ceuta and Melilla

Party abbreviations: CDA = Convergéncia Democratica Aranesa-Partit Nacionalista Aranés (Aranese Democratic Convergence - Aranese Nationalist Party, center-right, liberalism, Aranese autonomy, Val d'Aran division of CDC, est.30 Mar 1995); CpM = Coalición por Melilla (Coalition for Melilla, social democratic, split from PSOE, est.2 Oct 1995); Cs = Ciudadanos- Partido de la Ciudadanía (Citizens-Party of the Citizenry, conservative liberal, populist, center-right, est.1 Jun 2006); EAJ-PNV = Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco (Basque Nationalist Party, right-moderate, separatist, est.1895, banned 1939-1977); ERC = Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (Republican Left of Catalonia, social-democratic, Catalan nationalist, est.19 Mar 1931, banned 1939-1977); ExC = Eivissa pel Canvi-Ibiza por el Cambio (Ibiza for Change, socialist, ecologist, est.2006); FA = Foro Asturias (Asturias Forum, center-right, split from PP, 18 Jan 2011); GB = Geroa Bai (Yes to the Future, center-left coalition incl. EAJ-PNV, Basque nationalist, Navarra regionalist, est.2011); GxF = Gent per Formentera-Gente por Formentera (People for Formentera, socialist, ecologist, est.2007); MES = Més per Mallorca (More for Majorca, democratic socialist, ecologist, est.2 Feb 2013); MpM = Més per Menorca (More for Minorca, democratic socialist, ecologist, est.Jul 2014); PACTE = Pacte Progressista d'Eivissa-Pacto Progresista de Ibiza (Ibiza Progressive Pact, ecologist, socialist, est.1996); PAR = Partido Aragonés (Aragonese Party, center-right, Aragonese nationalist, 1978-90 named Partido Aragonés Regionalista [Aragonese Regionalist Party], est.Jan 1978); PDECAT = Partit Demòcrata Europeu Català (Catalan European Democratic Party, center-right, liberal, Catalan nationalist, pro-independence, former CDC, est.10 Jun 2016); PIM = Partido Independiente de Melilla (Melilla Independent Party, split from PP, est.21 Mar 1997); PP = Partido Popular (People's Party, center-right, former AP, est.20 Jan 1989); PPIB = Partit Popular de les Illes Balears (Popular Party of the Balearic Islands, Balearic Islands PP branch, est.20 Jan 1989); PPA = Partido Popular de Aragón (Popular Party of Aragon, PP Aragon branch, est.20 Jan 1989); PPCV-PP = Partit Popular de la Comunitat Valenciana-Partido Popular de la Comunidad Valenciana (People's Party of Valencia, center-right, PP in Valencia, est.20 Jan 1989); PRC = Partido Regionalista de Cantabria (Regionalist Party of Cantabria, centrist, est.10 Nov 1978); PSE-EE = Partido Socialista de Euskadi-Euskadiko Ezkerra (Basque Socialist Party-Left Basque Country-PSOE, social-democratic, Basque regional PSOE, est.1886, banned 1936-1977); PSC-PSOE = Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya-PSOE (Socialist Party of Catalonia-PSOE, social -democratic, Catalonia regional PSOE, est.1978); PSdeG-PSOE = Partido dos Socialistas de Galicia-PSOE (Socialist Party of Galicia-PSOE, social-democratic, Galician regional PSOE, est.1983); PSIB-PSOE = Partit Socialista de les Illes Balears-PSOE (Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands-PSOE, est.1913, banned 1939-1977); PSN-PSOE = Partido Socialista de Navarra-PSOE (Socialist Party of Navarre-PSOE, est.Jun 1982); PSOE = Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, social-democratic, est.2 May 1879, banned 1939-1977); PSOE-A = Partido Socialista Obrero Español-Partido de los Socialistas de Aragón (PSOE-Party of the Socialists of Aragon, social-democratic, Aragon branch of PSOE, est.1978); PSPC = Partido Socialista del Pueblo de Ceuta (City of Ceuta Socialist Party, socialist, est.31 Jan 1986); PSPV-PSOE = Partit Socialista del País Valencià-PSOE - Partido Socialista del País Valenciano-PSOE (Socialist Party of the Valencian Community, center-left, social democratic, from 1978 named PSPV-PSOE, est.1974); PSRM-PSOE = Partido Socialista de la Región de Murcia-PSOE (Socialist Party of the Region of Murcia-PSOE, Murcia regional PSOE, est.1979); RI = Reagrupament Independentista (Independentist Regrouping, Catalan independence, Catalan independentist, split from ERC, est.2009); UA = Unitat d'Aran - Partit Nacionalista Aranés (Unity of Aran - Aranese Nationalist Party, center-left, Aranese autonomy, est.2 Feb 1980); UPN = Unión del Pueblo Navarro (United People of Navarre, foralist, christian-democratic, Navarre regionalist, est.3 Jan 1979); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: AP = Alianza Popular (Popular Alliance, reformist, conservative, 9 Oct 1976-20 Jan 1989, renamed PP); CDC = Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya (Democratic Convergence of Catalonia, nationalist coalition, liberal, center-left, 17 Nov 1974 - 8 Jun 2016, renamed PDECAT); CDN = Convergencia de Demócratas de Navarra (Convergence of Democrats of Navarre, reformist, centrist, Navarre regionalist, split from UPN, 10 Apr 1995-2 Jun 2011); CDS = Centro Democrático y Social (Social and Democratic Center, social-liberal, reformist, 29 Jul 1982-2006, merged into PP); CEDA = Confederación Española de Derechas Autónomas (Spanish Confederation of Autonomous Right-wing Groups, nationalist, Catholic conservative, 4 Mar 1933-19 Apr 1937); CiU = Convergència i Unió (Convergence and Union, center-right, separatist, coalition of CDC and UDC, Sep 1978-17 Jun 2015); CNT = Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labour, anarcho-syndicalist, libertarian communism, 1910-1939); GIL = Grupo Independiente Liberal (Independent Liberal Group, populist, conservative, Málaga regionalist, Jesús Gil personalist, 1991-2007); Ind = Independiente (Independent); LR = Lliga Regionalista (Regionalist League, Catalan conservative, Apr 1901-1936); PFC = Progreso y Futuro de Ceuta (Progress and Future of Ceuta, split from PSOE, 1991-1999); PG = Partido Galeguista (Galician Party, Galicia autonomist, 1931-1950); PRP = Partido Riojano Progresista (Rioja Progressive Party, progressive, La Rioja regionalist, 6 Dec 1982-23 Jun 1990, renamed Partido Riojano); PRR = Partido Republicano Radical (Radical Republican Party, radical republican, 1908-1936, split from UR); UCD = Unión Centro Democrático (Union of Democratic Center, center-right, 3 May 1977-18 Feb 1983); UDA = Unió Democràtica Aranesa (Aranese Democratic Union, Aran Valley regionalist, center-right, split from UDC, 1991-2007, merged into PP); UDC = Unión Democràtica de Catalunya (Democratic Union of Catalonia, Catalan, christian-democrat, 7 Nov 1931-24 Mar 2017, banned 1939-1977); UM = Unió Mallorquina (Majorcan Union, Balearic regionalism, center-right, Oct 1982-Feb 2011); UMN = Unión Monárquica Nacional (Monarchist National Union, conservative, monarchist, anti-communist, former Unión Patriótica, 1930-1934); UPCA = Unión para el Progreso de Cantabria (Union of the Progress of Cantabria, regionalist, center-right, 23 Jan 1991-2003); UPM = Unión del Pueblo Melillense (Melillan People's Union, conservative, Melilla city regionalist, split from UCD, 26 Jun 1985-2003, merged into PP); UR = Unión Republicana (Republican Union, center left, progressive, republican, 1934-1959)



Andalucía (Andalusia)
 
[Andalucia civil
                          flag (Spain)]
Adopted 11 Jan 1982 Civil Flag
[Andalucia state
                          flag (Spain)]
Adopted 21 Dec 1982 State Flag
Hear Local Anthem
"Himno de Andalucía"
(La bandera blanca y verde)
Text of Anthem
Adopted 11 Jan 1982

27 May 1978                Junta of Andalusia (Junta de Andalucía) formed to administer the
                             cities within the provinces of Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada,
                             Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville (by law effective on 28 Apr 1978).

11 Jan 1982                Andalusia (Andalucía)(composed of the cities within the provinces of
                             Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and
                             Seville),
established as an autonomous community (by law signed
                            
on 30 Dec 1981).

Presidents of the Junta of Andalusia (Presidente de la Junta de Andalucía)
27 May 1978 -  2 Jun 1979  Plácido Fernández Viagas           (b. 1924 - d. 1982)  PSOE
 2 Jun 1979 - 14 Mar 1984  Rafael Escuredo Rodríguez          (b. 1944)            PSOE
                             (acting from 17 Feb 1984)
14
Mar 1984 - 26 Jul 1990  José Rodríguez de la Borbolla      (b. 1947)            PSOE
                             Camoyán 
26 Jul 1990 -  7 Apr 2009  Manuel María Chaves González       (b. 1945)            PSOE
 7 Apr 2009 - 23 Apr 2009  Gaspar Carlos Zarrías Arévalo      (b. 1955)            PSOE
                             (acting)
23 Apr 2009 -  7 Sep 2013  José Antonio Griñán Martínez       (b. 1946)            PSOE
 
7 Sep 2013 - 18 Jan 2019  Susana Díaz Pacheco (f)            (b. 1971)            PSOE
18 Jan 2019 -              Juan Manuel Moreno Bonilla         (b. 1970)            PP



Aragón
 
[Regional
                          Council for the Defense of Aragon flag
                          1936-1937 (Spain)]
1936 - 10 Aug 1937
[Aragon
                          provisional flag 1977-1978 (Spain)]
10 May 1977 - 12 Apr 1978 Provisional
[Aragon 1978-1984
                          (Spain)]
12 Apr 1978 - 28 Jun 1984
[Aragon (Spain)]
Adopted 28 Jun 1984
Hear Local Anthem
"Himno a Aragón"
(Himno de Aragón
)
(Anthem of Aragon)
Text of Anthem
Adopted 5 May 1989

 7 Jun 1936                Draft Statute of Autonomy of Aragón is finalized and submitted to
                             the Spanish parliament, which does not act on it due to civil war.
21 Dec 1936                Regional Council for the Defense of Aragón (Consejo Regional de
                             Defensa de Aragón) formed by the National Confederation of
                             Labour
(CNT).
23 Dec 1936                Republican government recognizes the Regional Council for the
                             Defense of Aragón as an autonomous regional body.
10 Aug 1937                Council dissolved by Republican forces occupation of Caspe.
25 Mar 1938                Nationalist forces occupy Fraga (Caspe falls on 17 Mar 1938).
 
9 Apr 1978                General Deputation of Aragon (Diputación General de Aragón) formed
                             to administer the provinces of Huesca, Teruel and Zaragoza (by
                             royal decree law
of 17 Mar 1978, effective 18 Mar 1978).
 
5 Sep 1982                Aragon (Aragón)(or Comunidad Autónoma de Aragón)(composed of the
                             provinces of Huesca, Teruel, and
Zaragoza), established as an
                             autonomous community (by law signed on 10 Aug 1982).

President of the Regional Council for the Defense of Aragon
19 Jan 1937 - 10 Aug 1937  Joaquín Ascaso Budría             (b. 1906 - d. 1977)  CNT
Governor-general of Arag
on
10 Aug 1937 - 27 Mar 1938  José Ignacio Mantecón Navasal     (b. 1902 - d. 1982)  Mil
Presidents of the
General Deputation of Aragon (Presidente de la Diputación General de Aragón)
 9 Apr 1978 -  9 May 1981  Juan-Antonio Bolea Foradada       (b. 1930 - d. 2021)  UCD
 9 May 1981 - 14 Dec 1982  Gaspar Castellano y de Gastón     (b. 1928 - d. 2019)  UCD
14 Dec 1982 - 30 Dec 1982  José María Hernández de la Torre  (b. 1940)            UCD
                             (acting)
30 Dec 1982 -  6 Jun 1983  Juan Antonio de Andrés Rodríguez  (b. 1942)            UCD
 
6 Jun 1983 - 30 Jul 1987  Santiago Marraco Solana           (b. 1938)            PSOE-A
30 Jul 1987 - 12 Jul 1991  Hipólito Gómez de las Roces       (b. 1932)            PAR
                             Pinilla
12 Jul 1991 - 17 Sep 1993  Emilio Eiroa García               (b. 1935 - d. 2013)  PAR
17 Sep 1993 - 19 Jan 1995  José Marco Berges                 (b. 1950)            PSOE-A
19 Jan 1995 - 11 Jul 1995  Ramón Tejedor Sanz (acting)       (b. 1955)            PSOE-A
11 Jul 1995 -  2 Aug 1999  Santiago Lanzuela Marina          (b. 1948 - d. 2020)  PPA
Presidents of the Government of Aragon (Presidente del Gobierno de Aragón)
 2 Aug 1999 - 14 Jul 2011  Marcelino Iglesias Ricou          (b. 1951)            PSOE-A

14 Jul 2011 -  5 Jul 2015  Luisa Fernanda Rudí Úbeda (f)     (b. 1950)            PPA
 5 Jul 2015 -              Francisco Javier Lambán Montañés  (b. 1957)            PSOE-A



Asturias

[Asturias,
                          unofficial 1978-1990 (Spain)]
10 Nov 1978 - 31 Jan 1982 Unofficial
[Principality of
                          Asturias flag (Spain)]
Adopted 31 Jan 1982 Civil Flag
[Principality of
                          Asturias Ceremonial Flag (Spain)]
Adopted 6 Feb 1991 Ceremonial Flag
Hear Local Anthem
"Asturias, Patria Querida" 
(Asturias, my dear
 Motherland)
Text of Anthem
Adopted 4 May 1984

 6 Sep 1936                Popular Front Committee (Comité del Frente Popular) is established
                             in Gijón by under Belarmino Tomás Álvarez by the General Union of
                             Workers of Spain (Unión General de Trabajadores).
29 Sep 1936                Tomás is appointed Governor-general of Asturias and Leon.
23 Dec 1936                Popular Front Committee is transformed into the Interprovincial
                             Council of Asturias and Leon (Consejo Interprovincial de Asturias
                             y León)
(around Gijón, Ribadesella, Santoña, and Avilés), which is
                             recognized by the Republican government as an autonomous regional
                             body.
14 Jan 1937                Tomás is appointed Government Delegate in the Provinces of Asturias
                             and Leon (Delegado del Gobierno en las provincias de Asturias y
                             León), his functions as Governor-general of Asturias and Leon
                             are terminated
24 Aug 1937                Interprovincial Council is transformed into the Sovereign Council of
                             Asturias and Leon (Consejo Soberano de Asturias y León).
18 Sep 1937                Nationalist forces occupy Ribadesella on 18 Sep 1937, Santoña on
                             27 Sep 1937, and Covadonga 1 Oct 1937.
21 Oct 1937                Autonomy ended by Nationalist forces occupation of Gijón and
                             Avilés.
10 Nov 1978                Regional Council of Asturias (Consejo Regional de Asturias) formed
                             to administer the cities within the province of Oviedo (by law
                             of 27 Sep 1978, effective 10 Oct 1978).

31 Jan 1982                Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias)(composed of the
                             cities within the province of Oviedo), established as an autonomous
                            
community (by organic law of 30 Dec 1981).

President of the Popular Front Committee
 6 Sep 1936 - 23 Dec 1936  Belarmino Tomás Álvarez           (b. 1892 - d. 1950)  PSOE
President of the Interprovincial Council of Asturias and Leon

23 Dec 1936 - 24 Aug 1937  Belarmino Tomás Álvarez           (s.a.)               PSOE
President of the Sovereign Council of Asturias and Leon

24 Aug 1937 - 21 Oct 1937  Belarmino Tomás Álvarez           (s.a.)               PSOE
                             (fled territory on 20 Oct 1937)
Governor-general of Asturias and Leon (from 14 Jan 1937, Government Delegate
in the Provinces of Asturias and Leon)
29 Sep 1936 - 21 Oct 1937  Belarmino Tomás Álvarez           (s.a.)               PSOE
President of the Regional Council
of Asturias (Presidente del Consejo Regional de Asturias)
10 Nov 1978 - 17 May 1982  Rafael Luis Fernández Álvarez     (b. 1913 - d. 2010)  PSOE
Presidents of the Principality of Asturias (Presidente del Principado de Asturias)
17 May 1982 - 21 Jun 1983  Rafael Luis Fernández Álvarez     (s.a.)               PSOE
21 Jun 1983 - 11 Jul 1991  Pedro de Silva Cienfuegos-        (b. 1945)            PSOE
                             Jovellanos
11 Jul 1991 - 23 Jun 1993  Juan Luis Rodríguez-Vigil Rubio   (b. 1945)            PSOE
23 Jun 1993 - 17 Jul 1995  Antonio Ramón María Trevín Lombán (b. 1956)            PSOE
17 Jul 1995 - 22 Jul 1999  Sergio Rutilio Marqués Fernández  (b. 1946 - d. 2012)  PP
22 Jul 1999 - 16 Jul 2011  Vicente Alberto Álvarez Areces    (b. 1943 - d. 2019)  PSOE
16 Jul 2011 - 26 May 2012  Francisco Álvarez-Cascos          (b. 1947)            FA
                             Fernández
26 May 2012 - 20 Jul 2019  Javier Fernández Fernández        (b. 1948)            PSOE
20 Jul 2019 -              Adrián Barbón Rodríguez           (b. 1979)            PSOE



Baleares (Balears)
 
[Balearic
                          Islands, King Sancho's banner reconstruction
                          1312-1344 (Spain)]
1312 - 29 Mar 1344 Mallorca Kingdom
[Balearic
                          Islands, 1979-1983 (Spain)]
28 Jul 1978 - 1 Mar 1983 Unofficial
[Balearic
                          Islands 1978-1983 Variant (Spain)]
28 Jul 1978 - 1 Mar 1983 (Variant)
[Balearic Islands
                          (Spain)]
Adopted 1 Mar 1983

31 Dec 1229                Mallorca and Balearic Islands conquered by Kingdom of Aragón
                            
(Menorca from 1232, Ibiza from 1235)(see under Spain).
27 Jul 1276                Mallorca, Montpellier, Urgell, and Barcelona separated from
                             Aragón; Kingdom of Mallorca independent.
1286                       Mallorca, Valencia, and Barcelona acquired by Aragón by force.
20 Jun 1295                Kingdom of Mallorca (restored), effective by treaty in 1298.
27 May 1343                Occupied by Aragón.
29 Mar 1344                Merged with Aragón.
1349                       Montpellier is sold to the King of France by Jaume III.
23 Mar 1642                County of Roussillon is annexed by France.
28 Sep 1706 - 13 Jun 1715  Mallorca controlled by Austrian forces loyal to Carlos (III)

                             during the war of Spanish succession.
15 Jul 1707                Constitutional abolition of the separate crowns of Aragón and
                             Valencia, and Mallorca (on 28 Nov 1715).
24 Sep 1708 -  5 Feb 1782  British (again 1798-1802) and French (1756-63) occupation
                             of Menorca (see under Spain).
18 Jul 1936                Mallorca, Ibiza and Formentera under the Nationalists
. On 9 Feb 1939,
                             Menorca surrenders to Nationalist forces.
28 Jul 1978                General Inter-island Council (Consejo General Interinsular) created
                             to administer the Balearic Islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza,
                             and Formentera (by law of 13 Jun 1978).
 1 Mar 1983                Balearic Islands (Islas Baleares = Illes Balears)(composed of the
                             province of Baleares [the islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza,
                             and Formentera]), established as an autonomous community
                             (by law of 25 Feb 1983). 


Kings (style Rex Majoricarum/Rei de Mallorques)   
27 Jul 1276 - 1286         Jaume II "el Justo" (the Just)     (b. 1243 - d. 1311)
                             (1st time)
1286 - 1298                part of Aragón                
1298 - 29 May 1311         Jaume II "el Justo" (2nd time)     (s.a.)
29 May 1311 -  4 Sep 1324  Sanç I "el Pacífico"               (b. 1277 - d. 1324)
                             (the Peaceful)
 4 Sep 1324 - 27 May 1343  Jaume III "el Temerario"           (b. 1315 - d. 1349)
                             (the Reckless)
27 May 1343 - 29 Mar 1344  Pere IV d'Aragó "el Cerimoniós"    (b. 1319 - d. 1387)
                            
(the Ceremonious)
27 May 1343 - 25 Oct 1349  Jaume III "el Temerario"           (s.a.)

                             (in rebellion)  
25 Oct 1349 – 20 Jan 1375  Jaume IV (pretender)               (b. c.1336 – d. 1375)
20 Jan 1375 – 1406         Isabella -Queen (pretender)        (b. 1337 – d. 1406)
Viceroys of Mallorca
(for Carlos [III])
1706 - 1709                Joan Antoni de Boixadors Pacs i    (b. 1672 - d. 1745) 
                             de Pinós, conde de Savallà
1709 - 1713                Jaime Rosell de Rocamora y Ruíz,   (b. 16.. - d. 1727)
                             marqués de Rafal y Benejúzar
1713 - 1715                Josep Antoni de Rubí i de          (b. 1669 - d. 1740)
                             Boixadors, marquès de Rubí
Presidents of the General
Inter-island Council
28 Jul 1978 - 27 Sep 1982  Jeroni Albertí i Picornell         (b. 1927)            UCD 
27 Sep 1982 - 10 Jun 1983  Francesc Tutzó Bennàsar            (b. 1940)            UCD
Presidents of the Government of the Balearic Islands
10
Jun 1983 - 31 Jul 1995  Gabriel Cañellas i Fons            (b. 1941)        AP;1989 PPIB-PP
31 Jul
1995 - 17 Jun 1996  Cristòfol Soler i Cladera          (b. 1956)            PPIB-PP
17 Jun 1996 - 26 Jul 1999  Jaume Matas i Palou (1st time)     (b. 1956)            PPIB-PP
26 Jul 1999 - 26 Jun 2003  Francesc Antich i Oliver           (b. 1958)            PSIB-PSOE
                             (1st time)
26 Jun 2003 -  5 Jul 2007  Jaume Matas i Palou (2nd time)     (s.a.)               PPIB-PP
 
5 Jul 2007 - 17 Jun 2011  Francesc Antich i Oliver           (s.a.)               PSIB-PSOE
                             (2nd time)       
17 Jun 2011 -  2 Jul 2015  José Ramón Bauzà Díaz              (b. 1970)            PPIB-PP
 
2 Jul 2015 -              Francesca "Francina" Lluch         (b. 1971)            PSIB-PSOE

                             Armengol Socías (f)
 


Mallorca (Majorca)

[Mallorca
                          (Majorca) (Balearic Islands, Spain)]Adopted 25 Feb 1983

Presidents of the Island Council of Mallorca
24 Apr 1979 - 27 Sep 1982  Jeroni Albertí i Picornell         (b. 1927)            UCD
                            
(1st time)
27 Sep 1982 - 23 Jun 1983  Maximilià Morales i Gómez          (b. 1948)            UCD
23 Jun 1983 - 16 Jun 1987  Jeroni Albertí i Picornell         (s.a.)               UM
                             (2nd time)
16 Jun 1987 -  7 Jul 1995  Joan Verger i Pocoví               (b. 1944 - d. 2013)  PPIB-PP
 7 Jul 1995 - 29 Jun 2007  María Antònia Munar i Riutort (f)  (b. 1955)            UM
29 Jun 2007 - 14 Jun 2011  Francesca "Francina" Lluch         (b. 1971)            PSIB-PSOE
                             Armengol Socías (f)
 

14 Jun 2011 -  4 Jul 2015  María Salom Coll (f)               (b. 1967)            PPIB-PP
 4 Jul 2015 -  6 Jul 2019  Miquel Ensenyat Riutort            (b. 1969)            MES
 6 Jul 2019 -              Catalina Cladera Crespí (f)        (b. 1972)            PSIB-PSOE


Menorca (Minorca)

[Minorca
                          1978-1983 (Balearic Islands, Spain)]
28 Jul 1978 - 14 Nov 1983
[Minorca (Balearic
                      Islands, Spain)]
Adopted 14 Nov 1983

Presidents of the Island Council of Menorca
19 Apr 1979 -  8 May 1983  Francesc Tutzó Bennàsar            (b. 1940)            UCD
 8 May 1983 - 26 May 1991  Tirso Pons Pons                    (b. 1939 - d. 2013)  PSIB-PSOE
26 May 1991 - 18 Sep 1991  Albert Moragues Gomila             (b. 1953)            PSIB-PSOE
18 Sep 1991 - 27 Aug 1995  Joan Huguet i Rotger               (b. 1954)            PPIB-PP
27 Aug 1995 - 30 Jul 1999  Cristòfol
Triay i Humbert          (b. 1948)            PPIB-PP
30 Jul 1999 - 17 Sep 2008  Joana Mar
ía Barceló i Martí (f)    (b. 1959)            PSIB-PSOE
18 Sep 2008 - 14 Jun 2011  Marc Pons Pons                     (b. 1973)            PSIB-PSOE
14 Jun 2011 - 24 May 2015  Santiago Tadeo Florit              (b. 1968)
           PPIB-PP
25 May 2015 - 30 Jul 2017  Maite Salord i Ripoll (f)          (b. 1965)            MpM
30 Jul 2017 -              Susana Mora Humbert (f)            (b. 1982)            PSIB-PSOE


Ibiza (Eivissa) 

[Ibiza and
                          Formentera 1979-2007, from 2008 Ibiza flag
                          (Balearic Islands, Spain)]
  1 Dec 1983 - 21 Dec 2007,
 from 11 Jul 2008
[Ibiza
                          (Balearic Islands, Spain)]
21 Dec 2007 - 11 Jul 2008

Presidents of the Island Council of Ibiza and Formentera
19 Apr 1979 - 27 Jul 1987  Cosme Vidal Juan                   (b. 1930 - d. 2001)  Ind/PPIB-PP
27 Jul 1987 - 31 Jul 1999  Antoni Marí Calbet                 (b. 1932)            PPIB-PP
31 Jul 1999 -  4 Jul 2003  Pilar Costa Serra (f)              (b. 1967)            PACTE
 4 Jul 2003 -  9 Jul 2007  Pere Palau Torres                  (b. 1946)            PPIB-PP
Presidents of the Island Council of Ibiza
 9 Jul 2007 -  1 Jul 2011  Francesc "Xico" Tarrés Marí        (b. 1958)            PSIB-PSOE
 1 Jul 2011 -  4 Jul 2015  Vicent Serra Ferrer                (b. 1956)            P
PIB-PP
 
4 Jul 2015 -  5 Jul 2019  Vicent Torres Guasch               (b. 1963)           
PSIB-PSOE
 5 Jul 2019 -              José Vicente Marí Bosó             (b. 1965)            PPIB-PP


Formentera

[Flag of Formentera
                      (Balearic Islands, Spain)]
Adopted 25 Jul 2010

Presidents of the Island Council of Formentera
 9 Jul 2007 -
15 Jun 2019  Jaume Ferrer Ribas                 (b. 1969)            GxF
15 Jun 2019 -              Alejandra Ferrer Kirschbaum (f)    (b. 1977)            GxF


Basque Country: see País Vasco/Euskadi

Canary Islands (Canarias): see Canary Islands

Cantabria

[Cantabria civil
                          flag (Spain)]
Adopted 31 Jan 1982 Civil Flag
[Cantabria State
                          flag (Spain)]
Adopted 22 Dec 1984 State Flag
Hear Local Anthem
"Himno de Cantabria"
(Anthem of Cantabria)
Text of Anthem
Adopted 6 Mar 1987

 8 Feb 1937 -  7 Sep 1937  Interprovincial Council of Santander, Palencia and Burgos
                             (Consejo Interprovincial de Santander, Palencia y Burgos)
                             constituted. It is formally dissolved on 7 Sep 1937.
26 Aug 1937                Nationalist forces occupy Santander (Tresviso, the last area
                             in Republican hands falls to the Nationalists 17 Sep 1937).
31 Jan
1982                Cantabria (or Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria)(composed of the
                             cities the province of Santander),
established as an autonomous
                             community (by organic law of 30 Dec 1981). 

President of the Interprovincial Council of Santander, Palencia and Burgos
 8 Feb 1937 -  7 Sep 1937  Juan Ruiz Olazarán                (b. 1901 - d. 1996)  PSOE
                             (in Asturias exile from Aug 1937)
Presidents of the Regional Deputation of
Cantabria
(Presidente de la Diputación Regional de Cantabria)
13 Apr 1982 - 31 Mar 1984  José Antonio Rodríguez Martínez   (b. 1931)            AP

31 Mar 1984 - 29 Jul 1987  Ángel Díaz de Entresotos y Mier   (b. 1927 - d. 2009)  AP
29 Jul 1987 - 13 Dec 1990  Juan Hormaechea Cazón (1st time)  (b. 1939 - d. 2020)  AP
13 Dec 1990 -  8 Jul 1991  Jaime María Blanco García         (b. 1944 - d. 2020)  PSOE
 
8 Jul 1991 - 19 Jul 1995  Juan Hormaechea Cazón (2nd time)  (s.a.)               UPCA/PP
19 Jul 1995 - 20 Jan 1999  José Joaquín Martínez Sieso       (b. 1956)            PP
Presidents of the Autonomous Community of Cantabria

(Presidente de la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria)
20 Jan 1999 - 3? Jul 2003  José Joaquín Martínez Sieso       (s.a.)               PP

3? Jul 2003 - 27 Jun 2011  Miguel Ángel Revilla Roiz         (b. 1943)            PRC
                             (1st time)
27 Jun 2011 -  7 Jul 2015  Juan Ignacio Diego Palacios       (b. 1960)            PP
 7 Jul 2015 -              Miguel Ángel Revilla Roiz         (s.a.)               PRC
                             (2nd time)



Castilla-La Mancha (Castile-La Mancha)
 
[Castilla-La Mancha (Castile-La Mancha)
                            (Spain)]
1978 - 1982 Unofficial,
Adopted 17 Aug 1982

28 Nov 1978                Junta of Communities of the Castilian-La Mancha Region (Junta de
                             Comunidades
de la región castellano-manchega) formed to administer
                             the cities within the provinces of Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca,
                             Guadalajara and Toledo (by law of 31 Oct 1978, effective 15 Nov
                             1978).
17 Aug 1982                Castile-La Mancha (Castilla-La Mancha)(also in use Comunidad Autónoma
                            
de Castilla-La Mancha or Región de Castilla-La Mancha)(composed
                             of the provinces of Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca, Guadalajara and
                             Toledo),
organized as an autonomous community (by organic law of
                             10 Aug 1982).

Presidents of the Junta of the Communities of Castile-La Mancha
(Presidente de la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha)
28 Nov 1978 -  1 Feb 1982  Antonio Fernández-Galiano Fernández(b. 1926 - d. 1999)  UCD

                             (formal inauguration 11 Dec 1978)
 1 Feb 1982 -  4 Jan 1983  Gonzalo Payo Subiza                (b. 1931 - d. 2002)  UCD

 4 Jan 1983 -  7 Jun 1983  Jesús Fuentes Lázaro               (b. 1946)            PSOE
 7 Jun 1983 - 17 Apr 2004  José Bono Martínez                 (b. 1950)            PSOE
17 Apr 2004 - 22 Jun 2011  José María Barreda Fontes          (b. 1953)            PSOE
                             (acting to 30 Apr 2004)
22 Jun 2011 -  4 Jul 2015  María Dolores de Cospedal         
(b. 1965)            PP
                             Garc
ía (f)
 
4 Jul 2015 -              Emiliano García-Page Sánchez       (b. 1968)            PSOE



Castilla y León (Castile and Leon)
 
[Castile and
                          Leon 1978-1983 unofficial flag (Spain)]
22 Jul 1978 - 2 Mar 1983 Unofficial
[Castile and Leon
                          (Spain)]
Adopted 2 Mar 1983

22 Jul 1978                General Council of Castile and Leon (Consejo General de Castilla
                             y de León) formed to administer the provinces of Ávila, Burgos,
                             León, Logroño, Palencia, Salamanca, Santander, Segovia, Soria,
                             Valladolid and Zamora (by decree of 13 Jun 1978, effective 30 Jun
                             1978). The Diputación Provincial of Logroño and the Diputación
                            
Provincial of Santander declined the incorporation.
 2 Mar 1983                Castile and Leon (
Castilla y León)(also in use Comunidad de Castilla
                             y León
, or Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León)(composed of the
                             municipalities integrated into the provinces of Ávila, Burgos,
                             León, Palencia, Salamanca, Soria, Valladolid and Zamora)
, organized
                             as an autonomous community (by organic law of 25 Feb 1983). 

Presidents of the General Council of Castile and Leon
(Presidente del Consejo General de Castilla y León)
22 Jul 1978 - 12 Jul 1980  Juan Manuel Reol Tejada           (b. 1933 - d. 2008)  UCD

12 Jul 1980 -  3 Jun 1983  José Manuel García-Verdugo y      (b. 1935)            UCD
                             Candón

Presidents of the Junta of Castile and Leon
(Presidente de la Junta de Castilla y León)
 3 Jun 1983 - 24 Nov 1986  Demetrio Madrid López             (b. 1936)            PSOE

24 Nov 1986 - 28 Jul 1987  José Constantino Nalda García     (b. 1939)            PSOE
28 Jul 1987 - 20 Sep 1989  José María Alfredo Aznar López    (b. 1953)            AP
20 Sep 1989 - 10 Jul 1991  Jesús María Posada Moreno         (b. 1945)            PP
10 Jul 1991 - 27 Feb 2001  Juan José Lucas Jiménez           (b. 1944)            PP
27 Feb 2001 - 19 Mar 2001  José Manuel Fernández Santiago    (b. 1958)            PP
                             (acting)
19 Mar 2001 -
12 Jul 2019  Juan Vicente Herrera Campo        (b. 1956)            PP
12 Jul 2019 -              Alfonso Fernando Fernández        (b. 1965)            PP
                             Mañueco



Catalonia (Cataluña/Catalunya)

[Catalan state
                          flag (Estelada) 1931-1939 (Catalonia, Spain)]
14 Apr 1931 - 7 Oct  1934 Unofficial,
1 Mar 1936 - 26 Jan 1939
[Catalan nation
                          flag 1931-1939 (Catalonia, Spain)]
Variant 14 Apr 1931 - 7 Oct  1934,
1 Mar 1936 - 26 Jan 1939
[Catalonia
                          (Spain)]
Adopted 11 Jan 1980
Map of Catalonia Hear Catalonia Anthem
 "Els Segadors"
(The Reapers)
Text of Local Anthem
Adopted 25 Feb 1993
(in use from 1899)
Statute of Autonomy
of Catalonia

(11 Jan 1980)
------------------------------
Statute of 1932
Capital: Barcelona
Currency: Euro (EUR)
National Holiday:
11 Sep (1714)

Diada Nacional de Catalunya/Día Nacional
 de Cataluña

(National Day of Catalonia)
Population: 7,619,494 (2018)
International Organizations/Treaties: UNPO (from 2018)

15 BC                      Barcelona a Roman settlement named Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia
                             Paterna Barcino.
415 AD                     Barcelona part of the Visigothic kingdom.
719 - 801                  Muslim rule
named Barjelunah. From 756 part of Emirate of Córdoba.
801                        County of Barcelona founded as part of the Frankish Marcae
                             Hispaniae
(Spanish March)(independent from 987).

18 Jun 1164                Count of Barcelona inherits the Kingdom of Aragón (see Aragón).
11 May 1258                Catalonia recognized as part of Aragón by France in Treaty

                             of Corbeil (ratified 16 Jul 1258).
1283                       Cort General de Catalunya (General Court of Catalonia) established.
1359                      
Diputació del General del Principado de Cataluña  established.
1362                       First explicit reference to the "Principality of Catalonia", style
                             Principatus Cathalonie comes into formal, but non-statutory use.
1367 - 1375               
Diputació del General (Deputation of the General) suspended by the
                             Corts of Vilafranca.

11 Aug 1462                Civil war erupts in Catalonia.
17 Oct 1472                Barcelona subdued.
22 Dec 1472                Civil war in Catalonia terminated (with oath on Usajes, fueros y
                             constituciones de Cataluña).
19 Jan 1479                Castille and Aragón united (from 1556, Spanish Monarchy).

 7 Sep 1640 - 13 Oct 1652  República Catalana Lliure (Free Catalan Republic) declared by the
                            
Generalitat under the protection of King Louis XIII of France (b.
                             1601 - d. 1643), who
on 23 Jan 1641 is proclaimed as Count of
                             Barcelona (
comte de Barcelona/comte de Barcelone). Who is succeed
                            
on 14 May 1643 by Louis XIV (b. 1638 - d. 1715).
 7 Nov 1659                France formally recognizes Spanish rule of Catalonia by Treaty 
                             of the Pyrenees, but France retains the comarques (counties) of
                             Roussillon, Conflent, Vallespir and part of la Cerdanya.

20 Jun 1705 - 11 Sep 1714  Carlos (III) of Austria (b. 1685 – d. 1740) is recognized 
                             as king by the Generalitat in opposition to Felipe V.
15 Jul 1707                Constitutional abolition of the separate crown of Aragón and
                             (including Catalonia from 16 Jan 1716) its institutions.
16 Sep 1714                Generalitat and Cort General are abolished by King Felipe V.
16 Jan 1716                Nueva Planta decree applied the legal and administrative
                             organization of the Crown of Castile to Principality of Catalonia.
28 Feb 1808 -  1 Dec 1813  Occupied by France (in Barcelona to 28 May 1814).

 8 Feb 1810                Napoléon annexes Catalonia to France.
26 Jan 1812                Division into départements of Bouches-de-l'Èbre, Montserrat,
                             Sègre, and Ter (effective 2 Feb 1812). The Catalan Val d'Aran
                             is attached to the département of Haute-Garonne.  

 7 Mar 1813                Bouches-de-l'Èbre and Montserrat merged into Bouches-de-

                             l'Èbre-Montserrat; Sègre and Ter merged into Sègre-Ter.
 1 Dec 1813                Catalonia returned to Spain (Gerona retaken 10 Mar 1814). The                              Val d'Aran is returned to Spain by France in Mar 1815.
 
1 Nov 1874 - 19 Nov 1875  Carlist insurrection leader Carlos (VII) restores the Catalan fueros
                            
and appoints a Diputación de Cataluña (Deputation of Catalonia).

 
6 Apr 1914                Mancomunitat de Catalunya (Commonwealth of Catalonia), a deliberative
                             assembly of the councillors of the four provinces of Catalonia,
                             with mainly advisory powers only is established (by 18 Dec 1913 Law
                             approving the formation of provincial federations signed by King
                             Alfonso XIII).
25 Jan 1919                Mancomunitat approves a draft Statute of Autonomy, but the draft is
                             rejected by the Spanish Parliament.
20 Mar 1925               
Mancomunitat is dissolved by the Spanish military government.
14 Apr 1931 - 17 Apr 1931  Catalan Republic (República Catalana) is proclaimed a state, as part
                             of a projected Confederació de pobles ibèrics ("Confederation of
                             Iberian peoples"),
at a meeting at the chamber of sessions of the
                             Diputación of the Province of Barcelona
(not recognized by
                             government of Spain).

17 Apr 1931 -  6 Oct 1934  Cataluña (to 27 May 1933) = Catalunya. The government of the
                             Catalan Republic is organized as the Govern de la Generalitat de
                            
Catalunya as a result of negotiations between the government of
                             Spain and the government of Catalonia.
10 May 1931                Powers and authority of the Generalitat of Catalonia are recognized
                             by decree of the Provisional Government of Spain of 9 May 1931.
21 Sep 1932                Catalonia (composed of the provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida
                             and Tarragona) organized as an autonomous region by the
Statute of
                             Catalonia (Estatuto de Cataluña/Estatut de Catalunya) of 1932
                             approved by the Spanish parliament on 9 Sep 1932.

27 May 1933                Catalan is recognized as the sole official language in accordance
                             with Art. 3 of a statute (Estatut interior de Catalunya) p
assed by
                             the Parliament of Catalonia on 25 May 1933.
 
6 Oct 1934 -  7 Oct 1934  Catalan State (Estat Català) is proclaimed a state as part of a
                             projected Spanish federal republic (República Federal Espanyola)
                             by proclamation of the President of the Generalitat (not recognized
                             by government of Spain).

 7 Oct 1934 - 26 Jan 1939  Cataluña = Catalunya
 
7 Oct 1934                Autonomy is de facto rescinded by military intervention, military
                             commander of the army of Spain assumed the government of Catalonia.
 3 Jan 1935                Autonomy of Catalonia and authority of the Parliament of Catalonia
                             are suspended, executive authority is vested in a governor-general
                             in accordance with law passed by the Cortes of Spain on 18 Dec 1934.
27 Feb 1936                Autonomy of Catalonia remains suspended, but the Parliament of
                             Catalonia is authorized to resume functions for the purpose of
                             appointing the Government of the Generalitat (in accordance with a
                             law of 26 Feb 1936 signed by the President of Spanish Republic).
 
8 Apr 1938                Autonomy revoked by the Nationalist Spanish government (by 5 Apr 1938
                             decree,
retroactive to 17 Jul 1936). Statute of Catalonia of 1932 
                            
declared to have ceased to function on 17 Jul 1936. Barcelona,
                             Gerona, Lérida and Tarragona provinces are placed under the
                             government of provincial administrations (not effected until
                             26 Jan 1939).
26 Jan 1939    
           Nationalists occupy Barcelona, polity collapses. Occupation of the
                             rest of Catalonia completed
5-9 Feb 1939.
24 Oct 1977               
Generalidad de Cataluña/Generalitat de Catalunya (restored), the
                             provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida and Tarragona placed under
                             it (by decree of 29 Sep 1977, effective 5 Oct 1977). 

11 Jan 1980                Catalonia (Catalunya = Cataluña), organized as an autonomous
                             community (composed of the provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida
                             and Tarragona)(by law signed 18 Dec 1979).

23 Jan 2013                Catalan Parliament adopts a "Declaration on the Sovereignty and Right
                             to Decide of the People of Catalonia" (
suspended on 8 May 2013,
                             and
then on 25 Mar 2014, ruled
unconstitutional by Constitutional
                             Court of Spain
).
 9 Nov 2014                Self-determination referendum is held (after it was suspended by
                             Constitutional Court of Spain on 27 Sep 2014, and was then
                             downgraded to a non-binding "participation process" by the region,
                             which on 4 Nov 2014 was also suspended by the Constitutional Court).
                            
The vote supports, by 80.7%, the Yes-Yes options: "Do you want
                             Catalonia to become a State?" and "Do you want this State to be
                             independent?"; the vote
is subsequently declared illegal by the
                            
Constitutional Court of Spain on 17 Feb 2015).

 1 Oct 2017               
Generalitat self-determination referendum is supported by 92% of
                             voters in a limited (43%) turn out
(referendum
was suspended by
                            
Constitutional Court of Spain on 14 Dec 2016; on
3 Mar 2017
                            
Catalan Council for Statutory Guarantees issues a non-binding
                             ruling that the Generalitat does not
have the competence to call
                             for an
independence referendum. The Constitutional Court of Spain
                             declares the law passed by the Parliament of Catalonia on 6 Sep 2017
                             authorizing the referendum unconstitutional and null 17 Oct 2017).

27 Oct 2017                Catalonia is proclaimed a sovereign and independent republic in
                             accordance with a resolution passed by the Parliament of Catalonia,
                             acting on the results of the referendum held on 1 Oct 2017. Spain
                             dissolves the Generalitat and removes the government of Carles
                             Puigdemont (suspended by Constitutional Court of Spain on 31 Oct
                             2017).
28 Oct 2017 - 17 May 2018  Autonomy suspended,
Catalonia is placed under direct administration
                             of the federal government of Spain (
functions of the President of
                             the Generalitat are exercised by the President of the Government of
                             Spain, who delegates the role to the Vice President of the
                             Government and Minister for Territorial Administrations)(by law of
                             27 Oct 2017).
17 May 2018                Autonomous administration is de facto restored.

Counts of Barcelona (style comes Barchilonensis/conde de Barcelona)
c.801 – c.820              Berà (Berus)                       (d. 844)
c.820 – c.825              Rampón (Rampo)                     (d. c.825)
Feb 826 – 831              Bernat de Septimania (1st time)    (b. 795 – d. 844)
                            
(Bernardus de Septimanie)
831 – c.835                Berenguer de Tolosa
(Berengarius)
c.835 – 844                Bernat de Septimania (2nd time)    (s.a.)
844 – 848                  Sunifredo I (Sunicfredus I)        (d. 848)
848 – 850                  Guillem de Septimania (usurper)    (b. 826 – d. 850)

                            
(Guilhelmus)
850 – 852                  Alerán
(Aledramnus)                (d. 852)  
850 – 852                  Isembart –Co-ruler
852 – 858                  Odalric (Odalricus)                (d. 858)  
858 – 864                  Humfrid (Unifredus)                (d. af.876)
865 – 878                  Bernat II de Gothia                (d. c.879)
                            
(Bernardus)
879 – 11 Aug 898           Guifré I (Wifredo) "el Pilós"      (d. 898)

                            
(the Hairy)(Guiffredus I)
898 – 911                  Guifré II
(or Borrell I)           (b. c.874 - d. 911)
                            
(Guiffredus II [or Borellus II])
911 – 947                  Sunyer I (Suniarius)               (b. c.870 – d. 950)

947 – 992                  Borrell II (Borellus II)           (b. c.927 - d. 993)
947 – 966                  Miró (Miro) -co-ruler              (b. c.926 - d. 966)
30 Sep 992 - 25 Feb 1017   Ramón Borrell                      (b. 972 – d. 1017)
                            
(Raimundus Borellus)
25 Feb 1017 – 31 Mar 1035  Berenguer Ramón I "el Corbat"      (d. 1035)

                             (the Hunchback)(Berengarius Raimundus I)
1017 - 1021                Ermessenda de Carcassona (f)-Regent(b. c.972 – d. 1058)
                             (Ermesidis Carcassonae) (1st time)
1035 - 1076                Ramón Berenguer I "el Vell"        (b. 1023 –d. 1076)

                             (the Old)(Raimundus Berengarius I)
1035 - 1039                Ermessenda de Carcassona (f)-Regent(s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1076 –  5 Dec 1082         Ramón Berenguer II                 (b. c.1053 - d. 1082)

                             "el Cap d'Estope" (the Towhead [Blonde])
                             (Raimundus Berengarius II)
                           - jointly with
1076 - 1097                Berenguer Ramón II "el Fratricida" (d. 1097/99)
                             (the Fratricide)(Berengarius Raimundus II)
                           - jointly with
 
5 Dec 1082 – 23 Jan 1131  Ramón Berenguer III "el Gran"      (b. 1082 – d. 1131)
                            
(Raimundus Berengarus III)
23 Jan 1131 –  6 Aug 1162  Ramón Berenguer IV
"el Sant"       (b. c.1113 - d. 1162)
                             (the Saint)(Raimundus Berengarus IV)
 6 Aug 1162 - 15 Jul 1707  the kings of Aragón
11 Aug 1462 - 23 Apr 1463  Enrique IV de Castilla             (b. 1425 - d. 1474)
                             (in rebellion)
22 Jan 1464 - 29 Jun 1466  Pedro de Portugal                  (b. 1429 – d. 1466)
                             (in rebellion)
14 Oct 1466 - 17 Oct 1472  Renato de Anjou (René d'Anjou)     (b. 1409 – d. 1480)
                             (in rebellion)
23 Jan 1641 - 18 Jan 1653  the kings of France
                             (in dissidence)
Deputation of the General of the Principality of Catalonia

(
Diputació del General del Principado de Cataluña)
1359 - 16 Sep 1714         Presidents unrecorded
¹          
French Viceroys
(
vice-roi de Catalogne)
Nov 1641 - May 1642        Urbain de Maillé, marquis de Brézé (b. 1597 - d. 1650)
25 Jun 1642 - 24 Dec 1644  Philippe de La Mothe-Houdancourt,  (b. 1605 - d. 1657)
                             duc de Cardone et de Fayel (1st time)
24 Dec 1644 - 1647         Henri de Lorraine, comte
          (b. 1601 - d. 1666)
                             d'Harcourt, d'Armagnac, de
                            
Brionne et vicomte de Marsan          
Apr 1647 - Jun 1647        Louis II de Bourbon-Condé, prince  (b. 1621 - d. 1686)
                             de Condé
Jun 1647 - 31 Aug 1648     Michel Cardinal Mazarin            (b. 1605 - d. 1648)
1649 - 15 Nov 1651         Louis II de Bourbon, duc de        (b. 1612 - d. 1669)
                             Vendôme                  
15 Nov 1651 - May 1653     P
hilippe de La Mothe-Houdancourt,  (s.a.)
                             duc de Cardone et de Fayel (2nd time)
          

French Governor of Barcelona
Sep 1808 - Feb 1810        Guillaume Philibert Duhesme        (b. 1766 - d. 1815)
Governors-general
 8 Feb 1810 - 28 May 1810  Pierre François Charles Augereau,  (b. 1757 - d. 1816)
                             duc de Castiglione
May 1810 - Oct 1811        Jacques Étienne Joseph Macdonald,  (b. 1765 - d. 1840)
                             duc de Tarente 
30 Oct 1811 - 15 Nov 1813  Charles Decaen                     (b. 1769 - d. 1832)
15 Nov 1813 -  1 Dec 1813  Louis Gabriel Suchet, duc          (b. 1770 - d. 1826)
                             d'Albufera (acting)
Governor of Barcelone
 1 Dec 1813 - 28 May 1814  Pierre Joseph Habert               (b. 1773 - d. 1825)
Intendant of Haute-Catalogne
 1 Apr 1812 -  7 May 1813  Joseph Marie, baron de Gérando     (b. 1772 - d. 1842)
Prefect of Ter (from 7 Mar 1813, Sègre-Ter)
 2 Feb 1812 -  8 Feb 1814  Prudence Guillaume, baron de       (b. 1779 - d. 1836)
                             Roujoux de Buxeuil
Prefect of Sègre
 2 Feb 1812 -  7 Mar 1813  Jean-Louis Rieul de Viefville des  (b. 1781 - d. 1837)
                             Essarts
Intendant of Basse-Catalogne
15 Apr 1812 -  8 Feb 1814  Bernard François, baron Chauvelin  (b. 1766 - d. 1832)
 7 Mar 1813 - 10 Mar 1814  Louis Gabriel Suchet, duc          (s.a.)
                             d'Albufera (military governor)
Prefect of Montserrat
 2 Feb 1812 -  7 Mar 1813  Achille Libéral, comte Treilhard   (b. 1785 - d. 1855)
Prefects of Bouches-de-l'Ebre (from 7 Mar 1813, Bouches-de-l'Èbre-Montserrat)
12 Feb 1812 - 15 Mar 1813  Jean-Paul Alban de Villeneuve-     (b. 1784 - d. 1850)
                             Bargemont
15 Mar 1813 - 10 Mar 1814  Louis Gabriel Suchet, duque        (s.a.)
                             du Albufera (military governor)
Presidents of the Deputation of Catalonia
(Presidente de la Diputación de Cataluña
)
[
appointed by Carlist insurrection leader Carlos (VII);
in Sant Joan de les Abadesses, from 1875 in Vidrà, then Urgell]
 
1 Nov 1874 -  9 Mar 1875  Rafael Tristany i Parera (1st time)(b. 1814 - d. 1899)  Mil
 9 Mar 1875 - Aug 1875     Francesc Savalls i Massot          (b. 1817 - d. 1886)  Mil
Aug 1875 - 19 Nov 1875     Rafael Tristany i Parera (2nd time)(s.a.)               Mil
President of the Catalan Republic
14 Apr 1931 - 17 Apr 1931  Francesc Macià i Llussà            (b. 1859 - d. 1933)  ERC
President of the Provisional Government of the Generalitat of Catalonia
17 Apr 1931 - 14 Dec 1932  Francesc Macià i Llussà            (s.a.)               ERC
Presidents of the Generalitat
of Catalonia
14 Dec 1932
- 25 Dec 1933  Francesc Macià i Llussà            (s.a.)               ERC

25 Dec 1933 - 31 Dec 1933  Joan Casanovas i Maristany         (b. 1890 - d. 1942)  ERC
                             (interim)
31 Dec 1933 -  7 Oct 1934  Lluís Companys i Jover (1st time)  (b. 1882 - d. 1940)  ERC
                            
(imprisoned 7 Oct 1934, term terminated by order of 13 Oct 1934)
 7 Oct 1934 - 10 Jan 1935  Francisco Jiménez Arenas (acting)  (b. 1872/73-d. 1936) Mil
                            
(appointed by Military Government Authority of 4th Division)
Governors-general of Catalonia, Presidents of the Generalitat
10 Jan 1935 -  9 Apr 1935  Manuel Portela Valladares          (b. 1868 - d. 1952)  Ind
 
4 Apr 1935 - 28 Oct 1935  Joan Pich i Pon                    (b. 1878 - d. 1937)  PRR
                             (acting [for
Portela to 9 Apr 1935] to 23 Apr 1935, then interim)
28 Oct 1935 - 25 Nov 1935  Eduard Alonso i Alonso (interim)                        Non-party

25 Nov 1935 - 18 Dec 1935  Ignasi Villalonga i Villalba       (b. 1895 - d. 1973)  CEDA
14 Dec 1935 - 20 Dec 1935  Joan Maluquer i Villadot           (b. 1856 - d. 1940)  LR
                            
(acting [for Villalonga] to 18 Dec 1935, then interim)
20 Dec 1935 - 17 Feb 1936  Fèlix Escalas i Chamení            (b. 1880 - d. 1972)  Non-party

17 Feb 1936 -  1 Mar 1936  Joan Moles i Ormella               (b. 1871 - d. 1945)  Ind
Presidents of the Generalitat of Catalonia
(Presidente de la Generalidad de Cataluña = President de la Generalitat de Catalunya)
 
1 Mar 1936 -  5 Feb 1939  Lluís Companys i Jover² (2nd time) (s.a.)               ERC
                             (left national territory on 5 Feb 1939,
                             continues in exile to 15 Oct 1940)
 
5 Feb 1939 - 24 Oct 1977  Post abolished
24 Oct 1977 - 28 Apr 1980  Josep Tarradellas i Joan           (b. 1899 - d. 1988)  ERC
                             (appointed 17 Oct 1977; de facto acting 28 Apr - 8 May 1980)
 
8 May 1980 - 20 Dec 2003  Jordi Pujol i Soley                (b. 1930)            CDC-CiU
20 Dec 2003 - 28 Nov 2006  Pasqual Maragall i Mira            (b. 1941)            PSC-PSOE

28 Nov 2006 - 27 Dec 2010  José Montilla i Aguilera           (b. 1955)            PSC-PSOE
27 Dec 2010 - 12 Jan 2016  Artur Mas i Gavarró                (b. 1956)        CDC-CiU;2015 CDC
12 Jan 2016 - 27 Oct 2017  Carles Puigdemont i Casamajó       (b. 1962)        CDC;2016 PDECAT
                             (refused dismissal, left national territory 30 Oct 2017)
28 Oct 2017 - 17 May 2018 
María Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría   (b. 1971)            PP
                             Antón (f) (acting)
17 May 2018 -
30 Sep 2020  Joaquim "Quim" Torra i Pla         (b. 1962)            RI
30 Sep 2020 -              Pere Aragonès i Garcia             (b. 1982)            ERC
                             (acting to 24 May 2021)

Head of the Executive Council (Cap del Consell Executiu)
19 Dec 1932 - 24 Jan 1933  Joan Lluhí i Vallescà              (b. 1897 - d. 1944)  ERC
Councillor Delegate (Conseller Delegat)
24 Jan 1933 -
29 May 1933  Carles Pi i Sunyer                 (b. 1888 - d. 1971)  ERC
Prime Councillors (Conseller Primer)
29 May 1933 -  4 Oct 1933  Carles Pi i Sunyer                 (s.a.)               ERC
 
4 Oct 1933 -  3 Jan 1934  Miquel Santaló i Parvorell         (b. 1888 - d. 1962)  ERC

 
3 Jan 1934 - 29 Jul 1936  Post abolished
Prime Councillor, President of the Executive Council
(
Conseller Primer, President del Consell Executiu)
29 Jul 1936 - 
6 Aug 1936  Joan Casanovas i Maristany         (s.a.)               ERC
President of the Council (President del Consell)
 6 Aug 1936 - 26 Sep 1936  Joan Casanovas i Maristany         (s.a.)               ERC
Prime Councillors
(Conseller Primer)
26 Sep 1936 -  5 May 1937  Josep Tarradellas i Joan (1st time)(s.a.)               ERC

 5 May 1937 - 18 Jan 2001  Post abolished
18 Jan 2001 - 22 Dec 2003  Artur Mas i Gavarró                (s.a.)               CDC-CiU

22 Dec 2003 - 20 Feb 2004  Josep Lluís Carod-Rovira           (b. 1952)            ERC
23 Feb 2004 - 12 May 2006  Josep Bargalló i Valls             (b. 1958)            ERC
12 May 2006
               Post abolished


Presidents of the Mancomunitat of Catalonia
[an advisory body]
 6 Apr 1914 -  1 Aug 1917  Enric Prat de la Riba i Sarrà      (b. 1870 - d. 1917)  LR
 
1 Aug 1917 - 17 Jan 1924  Josep Puig i Cadafalch             (b. 1867 - d. 1956)  LR
24 Dec 1923 - 17 Jan 1924  Santiago Estapé i Pagès            (b. 1876 - d. 1936)  LR
                             (acting for absent Puig)
17 Jan 1924 - 30 Jan 1924  Carlos de Lossada y Canterac       (b. 1862 - d. 1936)  Mil
                             (military governor)
30 Jan 1924 - 20 Mar 1925  Alfons Sala i Argemí, conde        (b. 1863 - d. 1945)  UMN
                             de Egara 

Catalan Government in Exile (1939-1977)

[Catalonia unofficial flag
                1931-1939 (Spain)]

Presidents of the Generalitat
 
5 Feb 1939 - 15 Oct 1940  Lluís Companys i Jover              (s.a.)               ERC
                             (in Perpignan, then Paris, lastly La Baule-les-Pins,
                             France exile to
29 Aug 1940, then a prisoner in Spain)
15 Oct 1940 -  7 May 1954  Josep Irla i Bosch                  (b. 1875 - d. 1958)  ERC
                             (in France exile)
 7 May 1954 - 24 Oct 1977  Josep Tarradellas i Joan            (s.a.)               ERC
                             (acting to 5 Aug 1954)
                             (in Paris, France exile to 23 Oct 1977)

Prime Councillors
13 May 1940 - 15 Oct 1940  Josep Pous i Pagès (in Mexico exile)(b. 1873 - d. 1952)  Non-party  
15 Oct 1940 - 21 Apr 1954  Vacant
21 Apr 1954 -  5 Aug 1954  Josep Tarradellas i Joan (2nd time) (s.a.)               ERC

                             (in Paris, France exile)

 ¹The Lists of "Presidents" of the Generalitat 1359-1714 are a modern work mainly coming from "Historia de la Generalitat de Catalunya i dels seus presidents" by Josep M. Solé i Sabaté published in 2003. The author picked the most prominent ecclesiastical deputies of the Diputació del General and designated them as presidents. The 109 original volumes of daily proceedings of the Diputació do not mention the elections or appointments of such officials.

 ²Between 1936 and 1937 Josep Tarradellas i Joan (s.a.) carried out, by delegation of Companys, his executive functions.

Val d'Aran (Aran Valley)

[Val d'Aran (Aran
                        Valley) comarca flag (Spain)]
Adopted 2 Jan 1998

1220                       The Val d'Aran is integrated into Kingdom of Aragón.
1313                       Jaume II of Aragón grants administrative and political autonomy

                             to the Val d'Arán (Aran Valley).
1411                       Val d'Aran integrated with Aragón, with autonomy, by the Diputació
                             del General
.
1834                       Local autonomy abrogated by Spain. Val d'Aran is incorporated into
                             Lleida province, and the Aranese government (Conselh Generau) is
                             dissolved.
19-24 Oct 1944             Unión Nacional Española (UNE) anti-Francoist guerrillas invade
                             the Val d'Aran and briefly take control of several villages.
28 Jun 1990                Aranese made a co-official language in the Val d'Aran (alongside
                             Catalan and Castilian).
17 Jun 1991
                Val d'Aran (Valle de Arán = Vall d'Aran) comarca in Lleida province
                             made an autonomous unique territorial entity (administered by a
                            
Conselh Generau) within Catalonia by the Generalitat of Catalonia
                             (by law of 13 Jul 1990; expanded
on 5 Feb 2015).
 1 Oct 2017                Generalitat of Catalonia self-determination referendum was supported
                             by 84% Val d'Aran of voters but in a limited 24% turn out.

Syndics of Aran (Síndic/Síndica d'Aran)
17 Jun 1991 - 12 Jul 1993  Maria Pilar Busquet i Medan (f)    (b. 1937 - d. 2016)  CDA
12 Jul 1993 -  7 Jun 1995  Amparo Serrano Iglesias (f)                             UDA
 7 Jun 1995 - 18 Jun 2007  Carlos Barrera Sánchez (1st time)  (b. 1950)            CDA
18 Jun 2007 - 18 Jun 2011  Francés Xavier "Paco" Boya Alòs    (b. 1960)            UA
                             (1st time)
18 Jun 2011 - 18 Jun 2019  Carlos Barrera Sánchez (2nd time)  (s.a.)               CDA
18 Jun 2019 -              Francés Xavier "Paco" Boya Alòs    (s.a.)               UA
                             (2nd time)



Ceuta
 
[Autonomous City
                          of Ceuta civil flag (Spain)]
Adopted 25 Jul 1923 Civil Flag
[Autonomous City
                          of Ceuta state flag (Spain)]
Adopted 15 Mar 1995 State Flag
Map of Ceuta
Hear Local Anthem
 "Himno de la Ciudad de
Autónoma Ceuta"
(Hymn of Autonomous
City of Ceuta)
Text of Local Anthem
Adopted 15 Mar 1995
Statute of Autonomy
(15 Mar 1995)
Capital: Ceuta
Currency: Euro (EUR);
to 1 Jan 2002: Spanish
Peseta (ESP)
National Holiday:
Fiesta Nacional de España
(National Day)
(1958-87 Día de la Hispanidad)

--------------------------------
Local Holiday: 2 Sep (1415)
Día de Ceuta
(Day of Ceuta)
Population: 85,144 (2018)
GDP: $N/A
(included in Spain figures)
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
(included in Spain figures)
Ethnic groups: Spanish, Catalonian,
Basque, Aragonese, Extremaduran,
and other 
Total Police Force: N/A
Defense is the Responsibility of  Spain
Religions: Roman Catholic, Muslim,
and others

534 - 612                  Part the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.
612 - 709                  Part of Visigoth kingdom.
709 - 931                  Part of Umayyad (from 750, Abbasid) Caliphate.
931 - 1026                 Part of Caliphate of Córdoba.
1026 - 1057                Part of Málaga Taifa state.     
1057 - 1061                Part of Granada Taifa state.
1061 - 1084                Ceuta Taifa state, separated from Granada.
1084 - 1090                Part of Granada Taifa state.
1090 - 1147                Part of Almoravid Empire.
1148 - 1232                Part of Almohad Caliphate.
1232 - 1233                Part of Murcia Taifa state.
1233 - 1236                Ceuta a Taifa state, separated from Murcia.
1236 - 1242                Part of Almohad Caliphate.
1242 - 1249                Occupied by Hafsid kingdom.
1249 - 1305                Ceuta a Taifa state
1305 - 1309                Part of Emirate of Granada.
21 Jul 1309 - 1310         Occupied by Morocco (Fez) with the help of Aragón.
1310 - 1314                Retaken by Granada.
1314 - 1315                Re-occupied by Morocco.
1315 - 1327                Ceuta Taifa state, separated from Morocco.
1327 - 1384                Part of Morocco.
1384 - 1387                Occupied by Granada.
1387 - 21 Aug 1415         Part of Morocco.
 
2 Sep 1415                Ceuta a possession of Portugal.
 4 Sep 1479                Recognized as a Portuguese possession by Castile in the Treaty of
                             Alcáçovas (and again by Treaty of Tordesillas 7 Jun 1494).
18 Jul 1580                Ceuta, along with Portugal, become Spanish possessions.
 1 Dec 1640                Ceuta remains a Spanish possession after independence of Portugal.
 1 Jan 1668                Recognized by as Spanish territory by Portugal in the
                             Treaty of Lisbon.
 1 Jan 1668                Isla Perejil a Spanish possession.
1694 - 1724                Under siege by Morocco.
1725 - 1728                Under siege by Morocco.
1790 - 1791                Under siege by Morocco.
 
6 May 1808 - 11 Dec 1813  Ceuta remains loyal to deposed Bourbón King Fernando VII during
                             the French occupation of Spain.

24 Mar 1810 - Jul 1814     Ceuta garrisoned by British troops, Spanish administration in the
                             name of
Fernando VII continues.

18 Dec 1847 - 27 Nov 1912  Ceuta, Melilla, 
Vélez de la Gomera, and Peñón de Alhucemas united 
                             as Spanish Captaincy-general of North Africa
                            (Capitanía General de las Posesiones de África).
26 Apr 1860                Recognized as Spanish possession by Morocco in Treaty of Wad-Ras
                             (Tetuan).
30 Mar 1912                Recognized as Spanish possession by Morocco in the Treaty of Fez.

27 Nov 1912                Ceuta subordinated to commandáncia of Spanish Morocco (see Morocco).
 9 Dec 1931                According to the Spanish Constitution of the (Second) Spanish
                             Republic, Ceuta autonomy is recognized.
10 Jul 1934 - 22 Feb 1968  Post of Governor-general of the Plazas of Sovereignty (Plazas de
                             Soberanía) in North Africa (held by Spanish High Commissioner
                             for Morocco until 10 Aug 1956).
17 Jul 1936                Ceuta
taken over by the Nationalists.
 7 Apr 1956                Ceuta a
presidio of Spain (part of Cádiz province).
Mar 1983                   Moroccan blockade of Ceuta (and Melilla).
15 Mar 1995                Autonomous City of Ceuta (Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta)
(composed of the
                             city of Ceuta, separated from
Cádiz province)(by 13 Mar 1995 law).

Captains-general
 
2 Sep 1415 - 1424         Pedro de Meneses, conde de         (b. 1370 - d. 1437) 
                             Viana (1st time)
1424 - 1425                Rui Gomes da Silva
1425 - 1430
               Pedro de Meneses, conde de         (s.a.) 
                             Vila Real (2nd time)
1430 - 1434                Duarte de Meneses, conde de        (b. 1414 - d. 1464) 
                             de Viana (1st time) (interim)
1434 - 22 Sep 1437         Pedro de Meneses, conde de         (s.a.) 
                             Vila Real (3rd time)
1437 - 1438                Duarte de Meneses, conde de        (s.a.) 
                             Viana (2nd time)(interim)
1438 - 1445                Fernão de Noronha, conde           (b. 1378 - d. 1445) 
                             de Vila Real
1445 - 1447                António Pacheco (1st time)(interim)
1447 - 1448                Fernão de Portugal, duque          (b. 1403 - d. 1478) 
                             de Bragança (1st time)
1448                       António Pacheco (2nd time)(interim)
1448 - 1450                Fernão de Portugal, duque          (s.a.) 
                             de Bragança (2nd time)
1450 - 1460                Sancho de Noronha, conde           (b. c.1390 - d. 1471) 
                             de Odemira
1461 - 1462                Pedro de Meneses, conde            (b. 1425 - d. 1499) 
                             de Vila Real (1st time)
1462 - 1463                Pedro de Albuquerque (interim)
1463 - 1464
               Pedro de Meneses, conde            (s.a.) 
                             de Vila Real (2nd time)
1464 - 1479                João Rodrigues de Vasconcelos      (b. 1410 - d. ....)
                             Ribeiro
1479 - 1481                Rui Mendes de Vasconcelos
                             Ribeiro
1481 - 1487                João de Noronha, senhor de         (b. c.1420 - d. ....)
                            
Sortelha
1487 - 1491                António de Noronha, conde          (b. 1464 - d. 1551) 
                             de Linhares
1491 - 1509                Fernão de Meneses, conde           (b. 1463 - d. 15..) 
                             de Alcoutim
1509 - 1512                Pedro Barbo Alardo
1512 - 1517                Pedro de Meneses, conde            (b. 1486 - d. 15..) 
                             de Alcoutim (1st time)
1518 - 1519                João da Silva, conde de Portalegre (b. c.1480 - d. 15..)
1519 - 1521                Gomes da Silva de Vasconcelos
                             (1st time)
1522 - 1524                João de Noronha                    (b. 1485 - d. 1524)
1524 - 1525                Pedro de Meneses, conde            (s.a.) 
                             de Alcoutim (2nd time)
1525 - 1529                Gomes da Silva de Vasconcelos
                             (2nd time)
1529 - 1539                Nunho Álvares Pereira de Noronha   (b. 1490 - d. 15..)
1540 - 1549                Afonso de Noronha                  (b. 1510 - d. ....)
1549                       Antão de Noronha                   (b. 1520 — d. 1569)
1549 - 1550                Martim Correia da Silva (1st time) (d. 1582)
1550 - 1553                Pedro de Meneses                   (b. 1486 - d. 15..)
1553                       Pedro da Cunha (1st time)
1553                       João Rodriges Pereira
1553 - 1555                Martim Correia da Silva (2nd time) (s.a.)
1555 - 1557                Jorge Vieira
1557 - 1562                Fernão de Meneses (1st time)
1562 - 1563                Miguel de Meneses, conde           (b. 1520 - d. ....) 
                             de Vila Real
1563 - 1564                Fernão de Meneses (2nd time)
1564 - 1565                Pedro da Cunha (2nd time)
1566 - 1567                Francisco Pereira
1567 - 1574                Manuel de Meneses e Noronha,       (b. 1530 - d. ....)
                             duque de Vila Real (1st time)
1574 - 1577                Diogo Lopes da França              (b. c.1520 - d. 1578)
1577 - 1578                Manuel de Meneses e Noronha,       (s.a.)
                             duque de Vila Real (2nd time)
1578 - 1580                Dionísio Pereira
1580 - 1586                Jorge Pessanha
1586 - 1591                Gil Annes da Costa
1591                       Francisco de Andrade (interim)     (b. 1540 - d. 1614)
1591 - 1594                Miguel Luís de Meneses,            (b. 1565 - d. 1637) 
                             duque de Caminha (1st time)
1594 - 1597                Mendo de Ledesma
1597 - 1601                Miguel Luís de Meneses,            (s.a.) 
                             duque de Caminha (2nd time)
1602 - 1605                Afonso de Noronha                  (b. c.1550 - d. 1627)
1605 - 1615                Miguel Luís de Meneses,            (s.a.)
                             duque de Caminha (3rd time)
1615 - 1622                Luís de Noronha e Meneses,         (b. 1570 - d. 1641
                             conde de Vila Real
1623                       Miguel Luís de Meneses,            (s.a.) 
                             duque de Caminha (4th time)
                             (interim)
1623 - 1624                António da Costa Albuquerque
1624 - 1625                Fernando de Mascarenhas, conde     (b. c.1610 - d. 1651)
                             de Torre 
1625                       Gonçalo Correia Alcoforado         (d. 1642)
                             (interim)
1625 - 1626                Miguel de Meneses, duque           (s.a.)
                             de Caminha (5th time)
1627                       Dinís de Mascarenhas de Lencastre
                             (interim)
1627 - 1634                Jorge de Mendonça Pessanha
1634 - 1636                Bás Teles de Meneses
1637                       Fernão Teles de Meneses (interim)
1637 - 1640                Francisco de Almeida               (b. c.1580 - d. 1641)
Governors
1640 - 1641                Francisco de Almeida (interim)     (s.a.)
1641 - 1644                Juan Fernández de Córdoba y        (b. 1595 - d. 1664)
                             Coalla, marqués de Miranda de
                             Auta
1645 - 1646                Luis de Lencastre, marqués de      (b. 1609 - d. 1661)
                             Malagón
1646 - 1653                Juan Suárez de Alarcón y Melo,     (b. 1600 - d. 1669)
                             (from 1652) marqués de Trocifal
                             (
Turcifal
1653 - 1661                José Fernández de Sotomayor y Lima,(b. c.1600 - d. ....)
                             marqués de Tenorio
1661 - 1665                Jerónimo de Noronha, marqués       (b. c.1615 - d .....)
                             de Castelo Mendo
1665 - 1670                Pedro de Acuña, marqués de Asentar (b. c.1607 - d. 1674)
1670 - 1677                Francisco Suárez de Alarcón,
                             conde de Torres Vedras
1677                       Antonio de Medina Chacón y         (d. 1694)
                             Ponce de León (1st time)(interim)
1677 - 1678                Diego de Portugal
1678 - 1679                Antonio de Medina Chacón y         (s.a.)
                             Ponce de León (2nd time)
1679 - 1681                Juan Arias-Dávila Pacheco y        (b. 1642 - d. 1711)
                             Téllez-Girón, conde de
                             Puñonrostro
1681 - 1689                Francisco Baltasar de Velasco y    (b. 1649 - d. 1716)
                             Tovar, marqués de Berlanga
1689 - 1692                Francisco Bernardo Varona
1692 - 1695                Sebastián González de Andía y
                             Irarrazábal Álvarez de Toldeo    (b. 16.. - d. 1698)
                             Enríquez de Guzman, marqués
                             de Valparaíso
1695 - 1698                Melchor de Avellaneda Sandoval     (b. 1653 - d. 1719)
                             Rojas y Ramiro, marqués de
                            
Torremayor, marqués de Valdecañas
1698 - 1702                Francisco del Castillo Fajardo,    (b. 1642 - d. 1716)
                             marqués de Villadarias
1702                       Antonio de Zuñiga y la Cerda
                             (interim)
1702 - 1704                José de Agulló y de Pin
ós,         (b. 16.. - d. 1704)
                             marqués de Gironella
1705 - 1709                Juan Francisco Manrique de Arana   (b. 1655 - d. 1736) 
                             e Iraola (1st time)
1709 - 1715                Gonzalo Chacón y Orellana Mendoza  (b. c.1651 - d. 1722)
                             de Toledo Sandoval y Rojas
1715 - 1719                Francisco Fernández de Ribadeo 
                             (1st time)
1719                       Francisco Pérez Manchego (interim)
1719 - 1720                Luis Reggio, príncipe de Campo     (b. 1677 - d. 1757)
                             Florido
1720                       Juan Francisco Manrique de Arana   (s.a.) 
                             e Iraola (2nd time)(interim)
1720 - 1725                Francisco Fernández de Ribadeo
                             (2nd time)
1725 - 1731                Manuel Luis de Orleáns, conde      (b. 1677 - d. 1740)
                             de Charny
1731 - 1738                Álvaro de Navia Osorio y Vigil,    (b. 1684 - d. 1732)
                             marqués de Santa Cruz de
                             Marcenado 
1738 - 1739                Antonio Manso y Maldonado          (d. 1778)
1739 - 1745                Pedro de Vargas Maldonado López    (b. 1680 - d. 1758)
                             de Carrizosa y Perea
, marqués
                             de Campofuerte
1745                       Juan Antonio Tineo y Fuertes       (b. 169. - d. 1746)
                            
(interim)
1745 - 1746                Juan José de Palafox y Centurión   (b. 1705 - d. 1764)
1746 - 1751                José Orcasitas y Oleaga            (b. 1689 - d. 17..)
1751                       Pedro Olaisa, marqués de la
                             Matilla (interim)
1751 - 1754                Carlos Francisco de Croix,         (b. 1699 - d. 1786)
                             marqués de Croix
1754                       Juan de Urbina (interim)
1754 - 1759                Miguel Agustín Carreño
1759 - 1760                José Sant Just
17 Apr 1760 - 21 Mar 1763  Juan Wanmarch Lumen de la Vice,
                             marqués de Wanmarch (Warmack)
1763                       Diego de Noboa y Villamarin
                             (1st time)(interim)
1763 - 1766                Diego María de Osorio
1766                       Diego de Noboa y Villamarin
                             (2nd time)(interim)
1766 - 1770                Francisco Antonio Tineo, marqués   (b. 1713 - d. 1781)
                             de Casa Tremañes
1770                       Diego Soler (interim)
1770 - 1783                Domingo Joaquín de Salcedo y       (b. 1727 - d. 1798)
                            
Castellanos
1783 - 1784                Antonio Maria Imhoff       
1784 - 1788                Miguel Porcel y Manrique de Arana, (b. 1719 - d. 1795)
                             conde de las Lomas
1788 - 1792                José de Sotomayor y Echevarrí
1792 - 1793                José de Urrutia y las Casas        (b. 1739 - d. 1803)
1793 - 1794                Juan de Basencourt
1794                       Miguel Álvarez de Sotomayor y      (b. 1723 - d. 1819)
                             Soto-Flores, conde de Colomera
                             (interim)

1794                       Diego de la Peña (interim)
1794 - 1798                José Vasallo                       (b. c.1732 - d. 1798)
1798                       Ramon de Navas (1st time)(interim)
1798 - 1801                Juan Bautista de Castro
1801 - 1805                Antonio Ferrero                    (d. 1805)
1805                       Ramon de Navas (2nd time)(interim)
1805                       Jos
é Alpudia Valdés (interim)      (b. c.1740 - d. 1809)
1805 - 1807                Francisco de Orta y Arcos          (b. 1744 - d. 1807)
1807 - 1808                Ramón de Carvajal y Urrutia        (b. 1762 - d. 1832)
1808                       Manuel de Clairac (interim)
1808 - 1809                Carlos Luján (interim)
1809 - 1810                Francisco Carlos Gabriel de        (b. 1752 - d. 1818)
                            
Gand-Vialin, vizconde de Gand
                             (1st time)   
 5 Mar 1810 - 20 Feb 1813  José María de Alós                 (b. 1765 - d. 1844)
24 Mar 1810 - c.Jun 1813   Sir John Fraser                    (b. 1760 - d. 1843)
                             (British commandant)

c.Jun 1813 - Jul 1814      Charles Griffiths                  (b. 1763 - d. 1829)
                             (British commandant)

1813                       José María Lastres y Mora          (b. 1752 - d. 1829)
                            
(interim)
1813                      
Francisco Carlos Gabriel de        (s.a.)
                            
Gand-Vialin, vizconde de Gand
                             (2nd time)   

1813                       Pedro Grimarest (1st time)(acting) (b. 1759 - d. 1841)
1813                       Andres Mendoza (interim)
1813 - 1814                Fernando Gómez de Butrón (1st time)(b. 1770 - d. 1852)
1814 - 1815                Pedro Grimarest (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1815                       Francisco Antonio de Villar y
                             Herrera (1st time)(interim)
1815 - 1816                Luis Antonio Flores
1816                       Francisco Antonio de Villar y
                             Herrera (2nd time)(interim)
1816 - 1818                Juan de Potons y Morica
1818                       Francisco Antonio de Villar y
                             Herrera (3rd time)(interim)
1818 - 1819                José Miranda y Cabezón (1st time)  (b. c.1778 - d. 1854)
1819                       Pablo Menacho y Tutlló (interim)   (b. 1756 - d. 1830)
1819 - 1820                Vicente Rosique (interim)
1820
                       Francisco Antonio de Villar y
                             Herrera (4th time)(interim)

1820 - 1822                Fernando Gómez de Butrón (2nd time)(s.a.)
1822 - 1823                Álvaro María Chacón
1823                       Manuel Fernández (interim)
1823                       Antonio Quiroga (interim)          (b. 1784 - d. 1841)
1823                       Francisco Antonio de Villar y
                             Herrera (5th time)(interim)
1823 - 1824                Juan María Muñoz Manito (1st time) (b. 1761 - d. 1848)
1824 - 1826                José Miranda y Cabezón (2nd time)  (s.a.)  
1826                       Joaquín Bureau (interim)
1826                       Julio O'Neil (interim)
1826 - 1831                Juan María Muñoz Manito (2nd time) (s.a.)
1831                       Juan Cortés (interim)
1831 - 1832                Carlos Ullmann                     (b. 1778 - d. 1856)
1832 - 1833                Francisco de Haro
1833 - 1835                Mateo Ramírez de Arellano   
1835                       Pablo Valiñán (interim)
1835                       Carlos Espinosa (interim) 
1835                       José Villamil (interim)
1835 - 1836                Joaquín Gómez y Ansa               (b. 1773 - d. 1838)
1836 - 1837                Francisco Sanjuanena Gaitán        (b. 1787 - d. 1844)
1837                       Pedro Valiñán (interim)
1837                       Bernardo Tacón y Rosique (interim) (b. 1787 - d. 1843)
1837 - 1844                José María Rodríguez de Vera
1844                       Francisco de Paula Warleta         (b. 1786 - d. 1867)
1844                       Juan Prim y Prats (interim)        (b. 1814 - d. 1870)
1844                       Antonio Marui (interim)
1844 - 1848                Antonio Ordoñez
Governors (also Governors-general of the Captaincy-General of North Africa)
1848 - 1850                Antonio Ros de Olano               (b. 1808 - d. 1886)
1850                       Trinidad Balboa (interim)          (b. 1789 - d. 1853)
1851 - 1853                Cayetano Urbina y Daoiz            (b. 1797 - d. 1867)
1853 - 1854                Joaquín Aguando
1854 - 1857                Mariano Rebagliato Pescetto        (b. 1800 - d. 1884)
1857 - 1858                Carlos Tolrá y Marsella            (b. 1789 - d. 1863)
1858 - 1859                Manuel Gasset y Mercader           (b. 1814 - d. 1887)
1859 - 1864                Ramón Gómez y Pulido (1st time)    (b. 1811 - d. 1885)
1864 - 1865                Manuel Álvarez-Maldonado y Loriga  (b. 1808 - d. 1888)
1865 - 1866                Ramón Gómez y Pulido (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1866                       Antonio Peláez Campomanes          (b. 1811 - d. 1892)
                             (interim)
1866 - 1868                José Orive Sanz                    (b. 1808 - d. 1876)
1868                       Antonio del Rey y Caballero        (b. 1814 - d. 1886)
                             (interim)
1868 - 1870                Joaquín Cristón y Gasatin
1870 - 1872                Enrique Serrano y Dolz
1872 - 1873                Carlos Sáenz y Delcourt            (b. 1817 - d 1882)
1873                       Manuel Keller y García
1873 - 1875                Fulgencio Gavilá y Solá
1875 - 1876                Pedro Sartorius y Tapia            (b. 1818 - d. 1900)
1876 - 1877                Fernando del Piño y Fernández      (b. 1814 - d. 1877)
                             Villamil
1877                       Juan García Torres                 (b. 1813 - d. 1877)
1877 - 1878                Victoriano López Pinto
1878 - 1879                José María Velasco Postigo         (b. 1818 - d. 1884)
1879 - 1881                José Aizpurúa y Lorries Fontecha
1881 - 1883                José Merelo y Calvo                (b. 1827 - d. 1901)      
1883                       José Pascual de Bonanza y Soler    (b. 1834 - d. 1892)
                             de Cornellá
1883 - 1889                José López Pinto y Marin Reina     (b. 1827 - d. ....)
1889 - 1891                Narciso de Fuentes y Sánchez       (b. 1850 - d. 1891)
1891 - 1894                Miguel Correa y García             (b. 1832 - d. 1900)
1894 - 1897                Rafael Correa y García             (b. 1832 - d. 1899)
1897 - 1901                Jacinto de León y Barreda          (b. 1840 - d. 19..)
1901 - 1903                Manuel de Aguilar y Diosdado       (b. 1840 - d. 1913)
1903 - 1907                Francisco Fernández Bernal         (b. 1847 - d. 1907)
1907 - 1908                Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor      (b. 1844 - d. 1912) 
                             y Flóres
1908 - 1910                José García Aldave                 (b. 1845 - d. 1914)
1910 - 27 Nov 1912         Felipe Alfau y Mendoza             (b. 1845 - d. 1937)
Mayors (Alcaldes)
1912 - 1913                José Alvarez Sanz
1913 - 1914                José Trujillo Zafra (1st time)
1914                       Restituto Palacios Garrido
1914 - 1915                Demetrio Guillén Conde
1915 - 1917                José Trujillo Zafra (2nd time)
1917 - 1918                Baldomero Blond Llanos
1918 - 1919                Joaquín García de la Torre y
                             Almenara
1919 - 1923                Isidoro Martínez Durán
Chairmen of the Civic-Military Municipal Junta
1923 - 1927                Agustin Gómez Morato               (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
1927                       José García Benítez
1927 - 1931                José Rosende Martín

Mayors (Alcaldes)
1923                       Demetrio Casares Vázquez
1923 - Nov 1923            Eduardo Álvarez Ardanuy
27 Nov 1923 - 1924         Remigio González Lozana
1924 - Sep 1926            Ricardo Rodr
íguez Macedo      
 6 Sep 1926 - 1927         Manuel Matres Toril                (b. 1875 - d. 1828)
1927 - 1928                José García Benítez
1928 - 1931                Jos
é Rosende Martín
22 Apr 1931 -  4 Jun 1931
  Antonio López Sánchez-Prado        (b. 1888 - d. 1936)
                             (1st time)
Jun 1931 - Oct 1931       
Manuel Olivencia Amor              (b. 1901 - d. 1962)
13 Oct 1931 - 22 Jan 1932  Eduardo Pérez Ortiz                (b. 1865 - d. 1954)  UR
Jan 1932 - Sep 1933        David Valverde Soriano             (b. 1890 - d. 1937)  PSOE 
Sep 1933 - Feb 1936        José Victori Goñalons  
20 Feb 1936 - 18 Jul 1936
  Antonio López Sánchez-Prado        (s.a.)               PSOE
                             (2nd time)
1936 - 1937
               José Tejero Ruiz
1937 - 1940                Fernando López-Cantí y Sánchez
1940 - 1941                Jacinto Ochoa Ochoa                (d. 1962)
1941 - 1944                José Vidal Fernández 
22 Feb 1944 - 15 May 1946  Francisco Ruiz Sánchez (1st time)
1946 - 1950                José Rojas Feigenspan              (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
1950                       Francisco López Bravo
1950 - 1957                Vicente García Arrazola
1957 - 1961                Francisco Ruiz Sánchez (2nd time)
1961 - 1967                Alberto Ibañez Trujillo            (b. 1890 - d. 1993)
1967 - 1972                José Zurrón Rodríguez              (b. 1920 - d. 2008)
1972 - 1978                Alfonso Sotelo Azorín              (b. 1931 - d. 1997)
1978 - 1979                Ricardo Muñoz Rodríguez (1st time) (b. 1940? - d. 2011) UCD
1979                       Eduardo Hern
ández Lobillo (interim)
1979 - 1981
               Clemente Calvo Pecino                                   Non-party
1981 - 1983                Ricardo Muñoz Rodríguez (2nd time) (s.a.)               UCD
1983 - 1985                Francisco Fraiz Armada (1st time)  (b. 1940)            PSOE
1985 - 1987                Aurelio Puya Rivas                 (b. 1950)            PSPC
1987 - 1991                Fructuoso Miaja Sánchez            (b. 1917 - d. 2009)  PSOE
1991 - Feb 1994            Francisco Fraiz Armada (2nd time)  (s.a.)               PFC
Feb 1994 - 19 Jun 1995     Basilio Fernández López            (b. 1952)            PFC
Mayor-Presidents
19 Jun 1995 - 24 Jul 1996  Basilio Fernández López            (s.a.)               PFC
24 Jul 1996 - 26 Aug 1999  Jesús Cayetano Fortes Ramos        (b. c.1953)          PP
26 Aug 1999 -  7 Feb 2001  Antonio Sampietro Casarramona      (b. 1953)            GIL
 7 Feb 2001 -              Juan Jesús Vivas Lara              (b. 1953)            PP


Plazas de Soberanía (Ceuta, Melilla, Alhucemas, Chafarinas, and Peñón de Vélez)

Governors-general
20 Jul 1934 -  7 Apr 1956  the High Commissioners of
                           Spanish Morocco (see Morocco)
10 Aug 1956 - 21 Nov 1963  Alfredo Galera Paniagua            (b. 1899 - d. 1990)  Mil
21 Nov 1963 - 10 Sep 1964  Ramón Gotarredona Prats            (b. 1898 - d. 1968)  Mil
10 Sep 1964 - 28 Oct 1966  Cástor Manzanera Holgado                                Mil
28 Oct 1966 - 22 Feb 1968  José Muslera González-Burgos       (b. 1902 - d. 1972)  Mil

Territorial Dispute: Ceuta and Isla Perejil are claimed by Morocco.



Extremadura
 
[Extremadura civil
                          flag (Spain)]
From 1977, Adopted 27 Feb 1983 Civil Flag
[Extremadura
                          State flag (Spain)]
Adopted 27 Feb 1985 State Flag
Hear Valencian Anthem
 "Himno de Extremadura"
Text of Anthem
Adopted 15 Jun 1985

 9 Sep 1978                Regional Junta of Extremadura (Junta Regional de Extremadura)
                             formed to administer the province
of Badajoz and Cáceres
                            
(by law of 13 Jun 1978).
27 Feb 1983                Autonomous Community of Extremadura (Comunidad Autónoma de
                             Extremadura) established (composed of the provinces of Badajoz
                             and Cáceres)(by law of 25 Feb 1983).

Presidents of the Regional Junta of Extremadura
 9 Sep 1978 - 22 Dec 1980  Luis Jacinto Ramallo García       (b. 1938)            UCD
22 Dec 1980 - 20 Dec 1982  Manuel Bermejo Hernández          (b. 1936 - d. 2009)  UCD
20 Dec 1982 -  8 Jun 1983  Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra      (b. 1948)            PSOE
Presidents of the Junta of Extremadura
 
8 Jun 1983 - 28 Jun 2007
  Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra      (s.a.)               PSOE

28 Jun 2007 -  7 Jul 2011  Guillermo Fernández Vara          (b. 1958)            PSOE
                             (1st time)   
 
7 Jul 2011 -  4 Jul 2015  José Antonio Monago Terraza       (b. 1966)            PP
 4 Jul 2015 -              Guillermo Fernández Vara          (s.a.)               PSOE
                             (2nd time)                   



Galicia
 
[Galicia 1977
                          civil flag (Spain)]
From 1978, Adopted 18 May 1981 Civil Flag
[Galicia state
                          flag (Spain)]
Adopted 29 May 1984 State Flag
Hear Local Anthem
"Os Pinos/Los Pinos"
(The Pine Trees)
Text of Anthem
1923-1936, from 1984

28 Jun 1936                Draft Statute of Autonomy of Galicia is approved by referendum 99.2%,
                            
and is submitted to the Spanish parliament on 15 Jul 1936 (which
                             does not act
due to the Civil War).
11 Apr 1978                Junta of Galicia (Junta de Galicia = Xunta de Galicia) formed to
                             administer the cities within the provinces of La Coruña/A Coruña,
                             Lugo, Orense/Ourense and Pontevedra
(by law of 16 Mar 1978,
                             effective 18 Mar 1978)
.
18 May 1981                Galicia (or Comunidad Autónoma de Galicia/Comunidade Autónoma de                                    Galicia), organized as an autonomous community (composed of the
                             provinces of La Coruña/A Coruña, Lugo, Orense/Ourense and
                             Pontevedra)(by organic law of 6 Apr 1981).

Presidents of the Junta of Galicia
(Presidente de la Junta de Galicia = Presidente da Xunta de Galicia)
11 Apr 1978 -  9 Jun 1979  Antonio Rosón Pérez               (b. 1911 - d. 1986)  UCD

                            
(formal inauguration 18 Apr 1978)
 9 Jun 1979 - 21 Jan 1982  José Quiroga Suárez               (b. 1920 - d. 2006)  UCD

21 Jan 1982 - 29 Sep 1987  Gerardo Fernández Albor           (b. 1917 - d. 2018)  AP
29 Sep 1987 -  5 Feb 1990  Fernando Ignacio González Laxe    (b. 1952)            PSdeG-PSOE
 
5 Feb 1990 -  2 Aug 2005  Manuel Fraga Iribarne             (b. 1922 - d. 2012)  PP
 
2 Aug 2005 - 18 Apr 2009  Emilio Pérez Touriño              (b. 1948)            PSdeG-PSOE
18 Apr 2009 -              Alberto Núñez Feijóo              (b. 1961)            PP

Council of Galicia in Exile (1944-1980)

[Galicia civil flag
                  (Spain)]

Presidents of the Council of Galicia (Presidente do Conselho da Galiza)
15 Nov 1944 -  7 Jan 1950  Alfonso Daniel Manuel Rodríguez   (b. 1886 - d. 1950)  PG
                             Castelao
                             (in Montevideo, Uruguay; then Buenos Aires exile)
Jan 1950 - 12 Oct 1980     Antón Hipólito Alonso Ríos        (b. 1887 - d. 1980)  PG
                             (in Buenos Aires, Argentina exile)



La Rioja
 
[Civil Flag of
                          La Rioja (Spain)]
Adopted 9 Jul 1982 Civil Flag
[La Rioja State
                          flag (Spain)]
Adopted 9 Jul 1982 State Flag

 9 Jul 1982                Autonomous Community of La Rioja (Comunidad Autónoma de La Rioja)
                             (composed of province of La Rioja)(by Organic Law of 9 Jun 1982).

Presidents of the Autonomous Community of La Rioja
26 Aug 1982 - 27 Jan 1983  Luis Javier Rodríguez Moroy       (b. 1944)         UCD;Dec 1982 PRP
                             (provisional)
27 Jan 1983 - 30 May 1983  Antonio Rodríguez Basulto         (b. 1945
)            UCD 
                            
(provisional)
30 May 1983 - 27 Jul 1987  José María de Miguel Gil          (b. 1950)            PSOE

27 Jul 1987 -  9 Jan 1990  Joaquín Espert Pérez-Caballero    (b. 1938)            AP
 9 Jan 1990 -  3 Jul 1995  José Ignacio Pérez Sáenz          (b. 1951)            PSOE
 3 Jul 1995 -  8 Jul 2015  Pedro María Sanz Alonso           (b. 1953)            PP
 8 Jul 2015 - 29 Aug 2019  José Ignacio Ceniceros González   (b. 1956)            PP
29 Aug 2019 -              Concepción "Concha" Andreu        (b. 1967)            PSOE
                             Rodríguez (f)



Madrid
 
[Madrid Autonomous Community (Spain)]
Adopted 23 Dec 1983
Hear Valencian Anthem
 "Himno de la Comunidad
 de Madrid"
Text of Anthem
Adopted 23 Dec 1983

 1 Mar 1983                Community of Madrid (Comunidad de Madrid)(composed of the
                             province of Madrid), established as an autonomous community
                             (by organic law of 25 Feb 1983).

Presidents of the Community of Madrid
14 Jun 1983 - 29 Jun 1995  Joaquín Leguina Herrán            (b. 1941)            PSOE
29 Jun 1995 - 20 Nov 2003  Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez    (b. 1958)            PP
20 Nov 2003 - 17 Sep 2012  Esperanza Aguirre y Gil de        (b. 1952)            PP
                             Biedma (f)
17 Sep 2012 - 25 Jun 2015  Ignacio González
González         (b. 1960)            PP
                             (acting to 27 Sep 2012)
25 Jun 2015 -
25 Apr 2018  Cristina Cifuentes Cuencas (f)    (b. 1964)            PP
25 Apr 2018 -
11 Apr 2019  Ángel Garrido García              (b. 1964)            PP
                             (acting to 21 May 2018)
11 Apr 2019 -
19 Aug 2019  Pedro Manuel Rollán Ojeda (acting)(b. 1969)            PP
19 Aug 2019 -              Isabel Natividad Díaz Ayuso (f)   (b. 1978)            PP



Melilla

[Autonomous City
                          of Melilla (Spain)]
Adopted 15 Mar 1995

Map of Melilla
Hear Local Anthem
 "Himno de la Ciudad de
Autónoma Melilla"
(Hymn of Autonomous
City of Melilla)
Text of Local Anthem
Adopted 15 Mar 1995
Statute of Autonomy
(15 Mar 1995)
Capital: Melilla
Currency: Euro (EUR);
to 1 Jan 2002: Spanish
Peseta (ESP)
National Holiday:
Fiesta Nacional de España
(National Day)
(1958-87 Día de la Hispanidad)

-------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 17 Sep (1497)
Día de Melilla
(Day of Melilla)
Population: 86,384 (2018)
GDP: $N/A
(included in Spain figures)
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
(included in Spain figures)
Ethnic groups: Spanish, Catalonian,
Basque, Aragonese, Extremaduran,
and other 
Total Police Force: N/A
Defense is the Responsibility of  Spain
Religions: Roman Catholic, Muslim,
and others

534 - 614                  Part the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.
614 - 700                  Part of Visigoth kingdom.
700 - 789                  Part of Umayyad (from 750, Abbasid) Caliphate.
789 - 922                  Part
of Fez (Morocco) under Idrisid dynasty.
859                        Melilla is sacked by the Normans.
922 - 926                  Occupied by Fatimid Cal
iphate.
926 - 1030                 Part of Caliphate of Córdoba.
1030 - 1080                Kingdom (Taifa) of Melilla, independent of Córdoba.
1063 - 1064                Occupied by Málaga (Taifa) kingdom.
1080 - 1141                Part of Almoravid Empire.
1141 - 1272                Part of Almohad Caliphate.
1272 - 1465                Part of Banu Marin (Benimerin empire).
1465 - 1497                Disputed between Kingdom of Fez and the Kingdom of Tlemcen; in
                             in Jul 1493, the Sheikh of Melilla visits Madrid and later the
                             Melilla is burned.

17 Sep 1497                Castile (Spanish) possession (feudal grant to the family of the

                             Juan Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, duque de Medina Sidonia).
1506 - 1533                Cazaza part of Melilla.
23 Jul 1508                Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera a Spanish possession (under Melilla).

18 Sep 1509                By Treaty of Sintra Castillian possesion recognized by Portugal.
 1 Oct 1540                
Isla de Alborán a Spanish possession (under Almeria).
 7 Jun 1556                Melilla a Spanish crown possession (under the Council of Castile).

28 Aug 1673                
Peñón de Alhucemas a Spanish possession (under Melilla).
17 Aug 1715 - 11 Feb 1716  Under siege by Morocco.
 9 Dec 1774 - 19 Mar 1775  Under siege by Morocco.

 
6 May 1808 - 11 Dec 1813  Melilla remains loyal to deposed Bourbón King Fernando VII during
                             the French occupation of Spain.

1810 - 30 May 1814         Occupied by U.K., but Spanish administration in the name of
                             Fernando VII continues.

20 Dec 1838 - 25 Mar 1839  "Carlists" in Melilla revolt and form a government in the name
                             of Carlos (V)(under royalist blockade from 10 Feb 1839).
20 Jul 1847                
Islas Chafarinas a Spanish possession.
18 Dec 1847 - 27 Nov 1912  Part of Spanish Captaincy-general of North Africa (see Ceuta).
26 Apr 1860                Recognized as Spanish possession by Morocco in Treaty of Wad-Ras
                             (Tetuan).
Oct 1893                   Creation of commandáncia general of Melilla.
30 Mar 1912                Recognized as Spanish possession by Morocco in the Treaty of Fez.

27 Nov 1912                Melilla subordinated to commandáncia of Spanish Morocco (Morocco).
 
9 Dec 1931                According to the Spanish Constitution of the Second Spanish
                             Republic,
Melilla autonomy is recognized.
10 Jul 1934 - 22 Feb 1968  Under the Governor-general of the Plazas of Sovereignty (Plazas de
                             Soberanía) in North Africa (held by Spanish High Commissioner
                             for Morocco until 10 Aug 1956)(see under Ceuta).
17 Jul 1936                Melilla taken over by the Nationalists.
 7 Apr 1956                Melilla a
presidio of Spain (part of Málaga province).
Mar 1983                   Moroccan blockade of Melilla (and Ceuta).
15 Mar 1995                Autonomous City of Melilla (Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla)(composed of
                             the city of Melilla, separated from
Málaga province)(by law of
                             13 Mar 1995).

Governors    
17 Sep 1497 - 1497?        Pedro de Estopiñán y Virvés        (b. c.1470 - d. 1505)
1497 - 1500?               Goméz Suárez
1500 - 1510                Gonzalo Mariño de Ribera (or Ribelles)
                             (1st time)
1510 - 1513                Bernavé Pinelo
1513 - 1518                Fernando de Abreu
1518 - 1522                Gonzalo Mariño de Ribera
                             (2nd time)
1522 - 1535                Francisco de Medina Monsivay
1535 - 1542                Cristóbal Dabrés
(d'Abreu)
1543 - 1546                Hernando de Jérez
1546 - 1554                Juan de Perea
1554 - 1559                Alonso de Urrea
1559 - 1568                Pedro Venegas de Córdoba           (d. 1603)
1568 - 1571                Francisco Sánchez de Córdoba
 4 Dec 1571 - 1595         Antonio de Tejada
1595 - 1596                Jerónimo de los Barrios
1596 - 1603                Martín Dávalos y Padilla
1603 - 1611                Pedro de Herrida
1612 - 1617                Domingo de Dieguez
1617 - 1618                Gaspar de Mondragón
1618 - 1619                Domingo de Ochoa
1619 - 1620                Diego de Leyva
1620 - 1622                Francisco Rodríguez de Sanabria 
1622 - 1624                Francisco Ruíz 
1625 - 14 Mar 1632         Luis de Sotomayor                   (d. 1632)
1632 - 1633                Pedro Moreo
1633 - 1635                Tomás Mejía de Escobedo
12 Mar 1635 - 1637         Pedro Moreo
 4 Nov 1637 - 1648         Gabriel de Peñalosa y Estrada 
1649 -  6 May 1649         Luis de Sotomayor                   (d. 1649)
1649                       Andrés del Carte y Murisábal
                             (interim)

1649 -  5 Dec 1650         Jordán Jerez                        (d. 1650)
1651                       Juan Peñalosa (interim)
1651 - 1655                Pedro Palacio y Guevara
 8 Nov 1655 - 29 Aug 1656  Diego de Arce (1st time)
 1 Sep 1656 - 1667         Luis de Velázquez y Angulo          (b. 1605 - d. 16..)
 7 Nov 1667 - 1669         Juan de Peñalosa y Estrada
1669 - 1672                Francisco Osorio de Astorga         (d. 1688)
Aug 1672 - 1674            Diego de Arce (2nd time)
 3 Oct 1674 - 1675         Pedro Moreo
Oct 1675 - 1680            José Frias
1680 - 1683                Diego Toscano y Brito
1684 - 12 Mar 1686         Diego Pacheco y Arce
Apr 1687 -  5 Oct 1687     Francisco López Moreno              (d. 1687)
 6 Oct 1687 - 1688         Antonio Domínguez de Durán
1688 - 1691                Bernabé Ramos y Miranda
24 Mar 1692 - 1697         José de Zúñiga y la Cerda           (b. 1654 - d. 1725)
 1 Feb 1697 - 1703         Domingo de Canal y Soldevila
1704 - 1707                Blas de Trincheria (interim)        (b. 1663 - d. 1776)
1707 - 1711                Diego de Flores
13 Jul 1711 - 1714         Juan Jerónimo Ungo de Velasco
19 Sep 1714 -  1 Apr 1715  Patricio Gómez de la Hoz            (d. 1715)
 1 Nov 1715 - 1716         Pedro Sansón (acting)  
25 Mar 1716 - 1719         Pedro Borrás                        (d. 1728?)
 2 Feb 1719 -  1 Aug 1719  Francisco Ibáñez y Rubalcava        (d. 1719)
 1 Aug 1719 - 1730         Alonso de Guevara y Vasconcelos     (b. 1669 - d. 1730)
 8 Oct 1730 - 1732         Juan Andrés del Thoso        
11 Mar 1731 - 1732         Francisco de Alba (1st time)(interim)
1732                       Juan de Villalba y Ángulo           (b. 1691 - d. 1769)
22 Aug 1732 - 22 Apr 1757  Antonio Villalba y Ángulo           (d. 1757)
1757 - 1758                Francisco de Alba (2nd time)(interim)
19 Sep 1758 - 1767         Narciso Vázquez y Nicuesa
22 May 1767 - 1772         Miguel Fernández de Saavedra        (d. 1772)
15 Apr 1772 - 1777         José Carrión de Andrade             (b. 1725 - d. 1793)
26 Feb 1777 -  6 Nov 1777  Nicolás Quijano
 6 Nov 1777 - 1780         Bernardo de Tortosa                 (b. 1722 - d. 1801)
17 Aug 1780 - 1782         Antonio Manso
24 Sep 1782 - 1786         José Granados
28 Oct 1786 - 1788         José Naranjo
22 Jul 1788 - 1798         José Rivera
27 Jul 1798 - 1800         Fernando Moyano
10 Aug 1800 - 1814         Ramón Conti
1810 - 30 May 1814         .... (British commanders)
10 Aug 1814 - 1814         Manuel Ibarra (interim)

15 Oct 1814 - 1821         Jacinto Díaz Capilla
17 Feb 1821 - 1823         Antonio Mateos Malpartida
                             (interim)
16 Jul 1823 - 1824         Juan Pérez de Hacho y Oliván
                             (interim)
Sep 1824 - 1826            Luis Cappa y Rioseco (1st time)
25 May 1826 - 1829         Manuel García
 1 May 1829 - 1830         Juan Serrano y Reyna (interim)
 8 Jun 1830 - 1835         Luis Cappa y Rioseco (2nd time)
12 May 1835 - 1836         Lázaro Garcia del Real (interim)
26 Jul 1836 - 20 Dec 1838  R
afael Delgado y Moreno
21 Dec 1838 - 25 Mar 1839  Gregorio Álvarez y Pérez
                            (president of the royal governing junta,
                             in Carlist rebellion)
28 Mar 1839 - 1839         Ramón Robere
(interim)
23 Jun 1839 - 1847         Demetrio María de Benito y 
                             Hernández
20 Jul 1847 - 1847         Justo Martín de Villota (interim)  (b. 1789 - d. 1854)
 7 Oct 1847 - 1847         Antonio Lopez de Mendoza
                             (interim)
11 Dec 1847 - 1848         Manuel Arcaya
 2 Feb 1848 - 1850         Ignacio Chacón del Valle           (b. 1788 - d.1855)
17 Sep 1850 - 1854         José Eustaquio de Castro y Méndez 
15 Nov 1854 - 1856         Manuel Buceta del Villar           (b. 1808 - d. 1882)
                             (1st time)
12 Nov 1856 - 1856         José Muñoz (interim)
 4 Dec 1856 - 1858         José Morcillo y Ezquerra
22 Jul 1858 - 1858         Francisco Ceballos (interim)
28 Oct 1858 - 1860         Manuel Buceta del Villar           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
19 Feb 1860 - 1861         Luis Lemni Demandre de la Breche
 9 Nov 1861 - 1862         Felipe Ginovés del Espinar y de    (d. 1872)
                             la Parra
 8 Dec 1862 - 1863         Manuel Álvarez Maldonado
 5 Sep 1863 - 1864         Thomás O'Ryan y Vázquez            (b. 1821 - d. 1902)
 9 May 1864 - 1866         Bartolomé de Benavides y Campuzano (b. 1813 - d. 1888)
16 Nov 1866 - 1868         José Salcedo y González
 8 Dec 1868 - 1871         Pedro Beaumont y Peralta
 6 May 1871 - 1873         Bernardo Alemañy y Perote
23 Dec 1873 - 1879         Andrés Cuadra y Bourman
21 Sep 1879 - 1880         Manuel Macías y Casado (1st time)  (b. 1844 - d. 1937)
 2 Apr 1880 - 1880         Angel Navascués
 8 Oct 1880 - 1881         Evaristo García y Reyna
21 Apr 1881 - 1886         Manuel Macías y Casado (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 2 Sep 1886 - 1887         Teodoro Camino y Alcobendas        (b. 1822 - d. 1889)
13 May 1887 - 1888         Mariano de la Iglesia y Guillén
 3 Sep 1888 - 1888         Juan Villalonga y Soler
 9 Nov 1888 - 1889         Rafael Assin y Bazán               (b. 1825 - d. 1889)
16 Dec 1889 - 1891         José Mirelis y González            (b. 1830 - d. 1892)
23 Sep 1891 - 30 Sep 1891  Santos Asbert Laguna (interim)
30 Sep 1891 - 1893         Juan Garc
ía y Margallo             (b. 1839 - d. 1893)
29 Oct 1893 - 1893         Manuel Macías y Casado (3rd time)  (s.a.)
19 Dec 1893 - 1894         Juan Arolas y Esplugues            (b. 1840 - d. 1899)
16 Feb 1894 - 1894         Juan Valverde Carrillo (interim)
23 Mar 1894 - 1895         Rafael Cerero y Sáenz              (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
26 Apr 1895 - 11 Jun 1898  José Alcántara Pérez               (b. 1834 - d. 1898)
11 Jun 1898 - 1898         Francisco Salinero Bellver         (b. 1834 - d. 19..)
                             (1st time)

22 Jul 1898 -  9 Aug 1899  Fernando Alameda y Liancourt       (b. 1833 - d. 1899)
 9 Aug 1899 - 1899         Francisco Salinero Bellver         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(interim)
 
29 Sep 1899 -  7 Aug 1904  Venancio Hernández y Fernández     (b. 1839 - d. 1904)
 7 Aug 1904 - 1904         Vicente Muñíz Cuadrado (1st time)
                             (interim)

 6 Sep 1904 - 1905         Manuel Serrano y Ruíz
26 Jan 1905 - Oct 1905     Enrique Segura y Campoy            (b. 1845 - d. 1905)
 3 Oct 1905 - 1905         Vicente Muñíz Cuadrado (2nd time)
                             (interim)

21 Nov 1905 - 1910         José Marina Vega                   (b. 1850 - d. 1926)

1910 - 27 Nov 1912         José García Aldave                 (b. 1845 - d. 1914)  
Mayors (Presidentes de la Junta de Arbitrios)
20 May 1912 - 31 Dec 1912  M
áximo Ramos y Orcajo
 1 Jan 1913 - 11 Jan 1913  Luis Aizpuru y Mond
éjar            (b. 1857 - d. 1939)
11 Jan 1913 - 28 Sep 1913
 José Villalba Riquelme (1st time)  (b. 1856 - d. 1944)
28 Sep 1913 - 28 Oct 1913  Fernando Moltó Ocampo
28 Oct 1913 - 12 Dec 1913
 José Villalba Riquelme (2nd time)  (s.a.)
12 Dec 1913 - 19 Dec 1913  Juan Montero Montero
19 Dec 1913 - 19 Jul 1917
 José Villalba Riquelme (3rd time)  (s.a.)
19 Jul 1917 - 20 May 1916  Domingo Arráiz de la Conderena     (b. 1859 - d. 1927)
20 May 1916 - 29 May 1916  Jos
é Sousa del Real
29 May 1916 - 16 Dec 1916
 Federico Monteverde Cedano         (b. 1858 - d. af.1925)
                             (1st time)
16 Dec 1916 - 18 Dec 1916  Ramón Franch Tresserra             (b. 1842 - d. 1932)
18 Dec 1916 -  9 Jan 1917  Luis Jim
énez Pajarero
 9 Jan 1917 - 18 Dec 1920  Federico Monteverde Cedano         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
28 Dec 1920 -  9 Aug 1921  Felipe Navarro Ceballos-Escalera
,  (b. 1862 - d. 1936)
                             bar
ón de Casa Davalillos
19 Aug 1921 - 12 Jun 1922  Miguel Fresneda Mengíbar    
12 Jun 1922 - Aug 1922
    Julio de Ardanaz y Crespo          (b. 1860 - d. 1939)          
Aug 1922 - 10 Sep 1922     Jerónimo Palou                             
10 Sep 1922 - Sep 1925     José García Aldave (1st time)      (s.a.)         
Sep 1925 - Oct 1925        Soriano (acting)          
Oct 1925 - 14 Jan 1927     José García Aldave (2nd time)      (s.a.)         
14 Jan 1927 - 14 Mar 1927  Miguel Gonz
ález Carrasco
Chairmen of the Municipal Junta
14 Mar 1927 - 16 Mar 1928  Francisco Calvo Lucía

16 Mar 1928 - 14 Apr 1931  Cándido Lobera Girela              (b. 1871 - d. 1932)
Mayors (Alcaldes)

14 Apr 1931 -  3 Jul 1931  Juan Mendiz
ábal Echevarría
 3 Jul 1931 - 14 Oct 1931  Antonio Díez Martín (1st time)     (b. 1887 - d. 1936)  PSOE
16 Oct 1931 - 27 Dec 1933  Miguel Bernardi Tevar
27 Dec 1933 - 21 Feb 1936
  Antonio García Vallejo
21 Feb 1936 - 17 Jul 1936  Antonio Díez Martín (2nd time)     (s.a.)               PSOE
18 Jul 1936 - 26 Oct 1937
 José Marfil García (1st time)
27 Oct 1937 - 16 Dec 1939  Octavio Martínez Cayuela           (d. 1958)
16 Dec 1939 - 27 Apr 1940  José Marfil García (2nd time)

27 Apr 1940 -  1 Oct 1940  José Lamas Calvelo
 1 Oct 1940 - 12 Dec 1950  Rafael Álvarez Claro
22 Dec 1950 -  8 Jan 1953  Eduardo García Sánchez
23 Mar 1953 - 26 May 1956  Gabriel de Beníto Angulo           (b. 1906 - d. 1971)
 6 Jun 1956 - 18 Nov 1957  Manuel Requena Cañones             (b. 19.. - d. 2002)
18 Nov 1957 - 17 Jan 1958  Miguel Gómez Morales (acting)

17 Jan 1958 -  6 Dec 1959  Juan Villalón Dombriz
              (b. 1893 - d. 1983)
 8 Jan 1960 -  7 Dec 1962  Lu
ís Carvajal Arrieta              (b. 1897 - d. 1980)
17 Feb 1963 - 28 Sep 1963  José Cabanillas Rojas
 2 Oct 1963 - 13 Aug 1964  Antonio Romaguera Barceló (interim)
(b. 1889 - d. 19..)
14 Aug 1964 - 29 Nov 1971  Francisco Mir Berlanga             (b. 1913 - d. 2002)
29 Nov 1971 -  3 Mar 1972  Roberto Moreno Vald
és (interim)
 3 Mar 1972 - 30 Jul 1975  Eduardo León Sol
á                  (b. 19.. - d. 2002)
31 Jul 1975 - 18 Apr 1979  Luis Cobreros
Acero                (b. 1932 - d. 2004)  AP      
                             (acting to 19 Aug 1975)
19 Apr 1979 - 22 May 1983  Rafael Ginel Cañamaque             (b. 1933 - d. 1998)  UCD
23 May 1981 - 14 Jun 1991  Gonzalo Hernández Martínez         (b. 1947)            PSOE

15 Jun 1991 - 19 Jun 1995  Ignacio Velázquez Rivera           (b. 1953)            PP
Mayor-Presidents
19 Jun 1995 -  3 Mar 1998  Ignacio Velázquez Rivera           (s.a.)               PP
 3 Mar 1998 -  5 Jul 1999  Enrique Palacios Hernández         (b. 1951)            PIM
 5 Jul 1999 - 19 Jul 2000  Mustafa Hamed Moh-Mohamed Aberchán (b. 1959)            CPM
19 Jul 2000 - 15 Jun 2019  Juan José Imbroda Ortiz            (b. 1944)            UPM-PP
15 Jun 2019 -              Eduardo de Castro González         (b. 1957)            Cs

Territorial Dispute
:
Melilla, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, Peñón de AlhucemasIsla de Alborán, and Islas Chafarinas are claimed by Morocco.


Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera

23 Jul 1580                 Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera island a Spanish possession.
20 Dec 1522 -  8 Sep 1564   Moroccan (Berber pirate) occupation.
 8 Sep 1564                 Spanish rule restored.
1934                        A storm washes sand into the channel turning the island
                              into a peninsula connected to the Moroccan Coast. 

Alcaí
des
23 Jul 1508 - 1508          Pedro Navarro, conde de Oliveto   (b. 1460 - d. 1528)
1508 - 20 Dec 1522          Juan de Villalobos                (d. 1522)
20 Dec 1522 -  8 Sep 1564   Moroccan occupation
               
 8 Sep 1564 - 30 Jun 1565   Diego Pérez Arnalte
30 Jun 1565 -  6 May 1578   Juan de Molina
 6 May 1578 -  6 Jan 1580   Diego de Vera (1st time)
 6 Jan 1580 -  9 Jan 1584   Juan de Cepeda el Quintanar
                              (1st time)

 9 Jan 1584 - 15 Dec 1586
   Diego de Vera (2nd time)
15 Dec 1586 -  5 Oct 1589   Juan de Cepeda el Quintanar
                              (2nd time)
 5 Oct 1589 - 17 Jun 1592   Lazaro Moreno de León
17 Jun 1592 - 30 Sep 1596   Melchor de Robles
 2 Mar 1597 -  9 Nov 1597   Cristobál Vázquez de Avila
20 Feb 1598 - 18 Sep 1605   Gómez de Parada
12 Nov 1600 -  2 Jun 1602   Pedro de Vargas 
(acting)
27 Nov 1605 -  8 May 1606   Pedro Rodríguez de Santisteban
 1 Dec 1602 - 21 Apr 1613   Diego de Nodera
 6 Oct 1608 - 27 Apr 1609   Sebastian Granero (acting)
22 Sep 1613 - 26 Nov 1614   Martín de la Cerda
 8 Feb 1615 - 30 Jul 1617   Alonso de la Mesa Ludeña
 1 Oct 1617 - 18 May 1618   Miguel García
30 Jun 1619 -  6 Mar 1622   Diego de Escobedo
17 Sep 1622 - 18 Mar 1630   Juan de Herrera Tordesillas
May 1630 - 25 Jul 1634      Luis Sánchez de Avila
20 May 1635 -  9 Nov 1636   Luis de Sotomayor
18 Oct 1637 - 28 Oct 1640   Cristobál de Unzueta y Labrit
 9 May 1641 -  2 Jan 1643   Juan Pérez Vidaur
13 Dec 1643 - 10 Jul 1646   Gil Fernández de Navarrete y
                              Sotomayor
30 Jul 1646 -  6 Mar 1651   Pedro Palacio Guevara
 4 Jun 1651 - 25 Jan 1653   Diego Fernández de Córdoba
25 Jan 1653 -  8 Oct 1656   Luis Velázquez y Angulo
25 Jan 1653 - 26 Apr 1656   Juan Negrete Sarmiento 
(acting)
 1 Dec 1656 -  7 May 1662   Francisco Solis
 7 May 1662 -  2 Nov 1662   Jeronimo de Casares
                            + Jeronimo Guajardo de Ceballos
 2 Nov 1662 - 20 Jul 1672   Diego de Arce
20 Nov 1669 - 20 Apr 1671   Pedro Moreno 
(acting)
26 Sep 1672 - 14 Feb 1680   Juan de Peñalosa y Estrada
14 Feb 1680 - 26 May 1685   Rodrigo Correa Castelblanco
29 Aug 1685 -  2 Apr 1687   Francisco López Moreno
29 Aug 1685 -  2 Apr 1687   Juan de Alarcón 
(acting)
29 Dec 1688 -  9 Jan 1691   Onofre Antonio de Salas
 9 Jan 1691 - 19 May 1696   Jeronimo Torrijos Zapata
10 Feb 1693 - 22 Jul 1694   Alonso de Lara 
(acting)
19 May 1696 - 11 Aug 1700   Francisco González del Cueto
24 Aug 1700 - 11 Aug 1703   Antonio López Gallardo
 1 Dec 1703 - 22 Mar 1707   Pedro de Azcuitia
26 Jan 1708 - 10 Aug 1709   Antonio Félix de Tapia
31 Jan 1710 - 25 Sep 1715   Francisco Félix Moreno
10 Nov 1712 - 20 Sep 1719   Francisco Antonio Negrete
                             
(acting)
 1 Feb 1720 -  5 Aug 1729   Tomás del Castillo-Viñas
                              y Sagredo
22 Jun 1724 - 31 Jan 1728   Gonzálo López Páez 
(acting)
 5 Aug 1729 - 19 Jul 1730   Baltasar González (acting)
20 Jul 1730 -  4 Feb 1755   Julián Fernández Bayña y Cortés
 4 Feb 1755 - 18 Jul 1757   Simon Gaspar Guerra 
(acting)
18 Jul 1757 - 26 Jul 1766   Francisco Herrera y Aramburu
 1 Aug 1766 -  9 Jan 1776   Florencio Moreno Sabala
 9 Jan 1776 -  1 Feb 1776   Miguel Moreno 
(acting)
 1 Feb 1776 - 26 Mar 1778   Claudio Laville
18 Dec 1778 - 29 Feb 1788   Domingo Martínez de Molina
21 Apr 1784 - 18 Feb 1785   Miguel Miranda 
(acting)
20 Jan 1787 - 18 Apr 1788   Gabriel Pérez Britos (acting)  
10 Apr 1788 - 21 Dec 1799   Diego Fernández Laguna
 8 Jun 1795 - 30 May 1796   Miguel de Lara 
(acting)
 8 Apr 1800 - 27 Apr 1806   Antonio Lara
27 Apr 1806 -  8 Aug 1806   José Cuellar 
(acting)
 8 Aug 1806 - 25 Jan 1813   Gregorio Donayre Hurtado
                              de Mendoza
13 Jul 1813 - 24 Mar 1821   Angel Cebollino
26 Jul 1821 -  5 Jun 1830   José O'Mahony
 5 Jun 1830 -  7 Jul 1830   Juan de Orús 
(acting)
 7 Jul 1830 -  3 Mar 1832   Bruno Portillo Velasco
 3 Mar 1832 - 14 Jul 1833   Mariano Medrano
14 Jul 1833 - 25 Jul 1833   Pedro de Rodas 
(acting)
25 Jul 1833 - 26 Jul 1839   Ramón Lladó
30 Jul 1839 - 10 Aug 1844   Andrés Sánchez Madrid
10 Aug 1844 - 10 Nov 1844   Onofre García 
(acting)
10 Nov 1844 - 24 Nov 1844   Francisco Calbo (acting)
24 Nov 1844 - 29 Nov 1853   Manuel Longuet Girona
29 Nov 1853 - 14 Nov 1854   Luis Cappa Béjar
14 Nov 1854 - 12 Feb 1855   Nicolás Montillo Herrero 
                             
(acting)
12 Feb 1855 - 15 Apr 1856   José Anguita Calbo
15 Apr 1856 - 10 Jun 1859   Luis Cappa Béjar (2nd time)
28 Jun 1859 -  2 Sep 1865   Rafael Añino Bonilla
14 Nov 1865 - 16 Feb 1867   Severo Pérez Cardicid
16 Feb 1867 -  1 Nov 1867   Juan León Minaya
11 Nov 1867 - 18 Jan 1868   José Ansaldo Cedrón
17 Feb 1868 -  6 Oct 1870   Luis Molina Terán
 5 Dec 1870 - 26 Aug 1872   Ecequiel Jiménez San Juan 
21 Sep 1872 - 20 Apr 1875   Blas Urra Domero
14 May 1875 - 23 Sep 1875   Francisco Galán Vergara
23 Sep 1875 - 26 Apr 1876   Enrique Castro Ledesma
(acting)
26 Apr 1876 -  7 Jan 1879   José Sarro Hurtado
27 Jan 1879 - 30 Nov 1879   Marcos Galán Velasco
30 Nov 1879 - 30 jan 1880   Antonio Jaime Ramírez 
(acting)
30 jan 1880 - 11 Apr 1882   Antonio Rodríguez Linares
11 Jul 1882 - 25 Sep 1885   José Sarro Hurtado (2nd time)
25 Sep 1885 -  2 Nov 1885   Gregorio Solana Velasco

                              (acting)
 2 Nov 1885 - 22 Nov 1886   Sixto Soler Romero
22 Nov 1886 - 12 Dec 1886   Antonio González Torres
12 Dec 1886 -  2 Feb 1889   José Ruiz Cebollino
 4 Feb 1889 - 11 Nov 1889   Gabriel Carrero Gago
25 Nov 1889 - 30 Jan 1891   Manuel Martínez Pérez
 3 Feb 1891 - 12 Jul 1892   José Belda Martínez
13 Jul 1892 - 31 Oct 1895   Juan Villalón Felipe
 1 Nov 1895 -  4 Nov 1895   Gregorio Infantes Luis
(acting)
 5 Nov 1895 - 10 Apr 1896   José Segovia Fuentes
10 Apr 1896 - 27 Jan 1899   José Anglada González
27 Jan 1899 - 31 Mar 1899   Pascual Piqueras Simó 
(acting)
31 Mar 1899 - 11 Aug 1905   Mariano Saldaña Bravo
11 Aug 1905 - 10 Sep 1905   Emilio Hernández Pérez
(1st time)
                              (acting)
10 Sep 1905 - 31 Mar 1906   Tomás Moreno Pereda
31 Mar 1906 - 12 Apr 1906   Emilio Miró Requena
12 Apr 1906 - 20 Apr 1906   E
milio Hernández Pérez (2nd time)
                              (acting)
20 Apr 1906 - 1913          Alonso Alcayna Rodr
íguez



Murcia
 
[Murcia Region
                          1979-1982 (Spain)]
5 May 1979 - 15 Jun 1982
[Murcia Region
                          (Spain)]
Adopted 15 Jun 1982

24 Nov 1978                Regional Council of Murcia (Consejo Regional de Murcia) created
                             to administer Murcia province (by royal decree law of 29 Sep 1978,
                             effective 10 Nov 1978).
 9 Jul 1982                Region of Murcia (Regi
ón de Murcia)(composed of the province of
                             Murcia), established as an autonomous community (by organic law
                             of 9 Jun 1982).

Presidents of the Regional Council of Murcia
24 Nov 1978 -  5 May 1979  Antonio Pérez Crespo               (b. 1929 - d. 2012)  UCD
 5 May 1979 -  9 Jul 1982  Andrés Hernández Ros               (b. 1948 - d. 2016)  PSRM-PSOE
Presidents of the Region of Murcia
 
9 Jul 1982 - 29 Mar 1984  Andrés Hernández Ros               (s.a.)               PSRM-PSOE
29 Mar 1984 -  2 May 1993  Carlos Collado Mena                (b. 1938)            PSRM-PSOE
 2 May 1993 -  3 Jul 1995  María Antonia Martínez García (f)  (b. 1953)            PSRM-PSOE
 3 Jul 1995 - 10 Apr 2014  Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso          (b. 1954)            PP
10 Apr 2014 -  3 Jul 2015  Alberto Garre López                (b. 1952)            PP
 3 Jul 2015 -  4 Apr 2017  Pedro Antonio Sánchez López        (b. 1976)            PP
 4 Apr 2017 -  3 May 2017  María Dolores Pagán Arce (f)       (b. 1967)            PP
                             (acting)
 3 May 2017 -              Fernando López Miras               (b. 1983)            PP



Navarre (Navarra)
 
[Navarra
                          1931-1937 (Spain)]
  8 Jul 1931 - 18 Mar 1937
[Navarra
                          1910-1931, 1937 (Spain)]
18 Mar 1937 - 8 Nov 1937
[Navarra
                          1937-1981 (Spain)]
8 Nov 1937 - 20 Nov 1981
[Navarra (Spain)]
Adopted 10 Aug 1982
Hear Navarre Anthem
 "Himno de las Cortes/
Gorteen Ereserkia"
(Anthem of the Courts)
Text of Anthem
Adopted 28 May 1986

23 Apr 1979                Foral Deputation of Navarre (Diputación Foral de Navarra) created
                             to administer the province of Navarre (by royal decree of 26 Jan
                             1979, effective 19 Apr 1979).
16 Aug 1982                Foral Community of Navarre (Comunidad Foral de Navarra = Nafarroako
                             Foru Komunitatea
)(composed of the province of Navarra), an
                             autonomous community (by organic law of 10 Aug 1982). 

Presidents of the Foral Deputation of Navarra
23 Apr 1979 - 28 Sep 1980  Jaime Ignacio del Burgo Tajadura  (b. 1942)            UCD
29 Sep 1980 - 16 Aug 1982  Juan Manuel Arza Muñuzuri         (b. 1932 - d. 2019)  UCD
Presidents of the Government of Navarre
16 Aug 1982 - 14 Jan 1984  Juan Manuel Arza Muñuzuri         (s.a.)               UCD
14 Jan 1984 - 18 Apr 1984  Jaime Ignacio del Burgo Tajadura  (s.a.)               UPN-PP

18 Apr 1984 - 20 Sep 1991  Gabriel Urralburu Tainta          (b. 1950)            PSN-PSOE

20
Sep 1991 - 24 Jul 1995  Juan Cruz Alli Aranguren          (b. 1942)            UPN
                             (1st time) 
24
Jul 1995 - 19 Jun 1996  Javier Otano Cid                  (b. 1943)            PSN-PSOE
19 Jun 1996 - 17 Sep 1996  Juan Cruz Alli Aranguren          (s.a.)               CDN
                             (2nd time) 
17 Sep 1996 - 27 Jun 2011  Miguel Sanz Sesma                 (b. 1952)            UPN-PP
27 Jun 2011 - 22 Jul 2015  Yolanda Barcina Angulo (f)        (b. 1960)            UPN
22 Jul 2015 -  6 Aug 2019  Miren Uxue Barkos Berruezo (f)    (b. 1964)            GB
 6 Aug 2019 -              María Victoria Chivite            (b. 1978
)            PSN-PSOE
                            
Navascués (f)



País Vasco/Euskadi (Basque Country)

[Basque Country (Euzkadi, País
                          Vasco) (Spain)]
7 Oct 1936 - 19 Jun  1937;
Re-adopted 11 Jan 1980

Map of Basque Country
Hear Basque Anthem
"Eusko Abendaren Ereserkia"
 (Himno Nacional Vasco)
(Anthem of the Basque
Ethnicity)
Text of Anthem
1936-1937,
Re-adopted 14 Apr 1983
Statute of Autonomy
(11 Jan 1980)
Capital: Vitoria-Gasteiz
(de facto from 20 May 1980)
(Bilbao 7 Oct 1936-19 Jun 1937)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Local Holiday 2010-2014:
25 Oct (1979)
Day of the Basque Country
(Euskadiko Eguna/

Día del País Vasco)
----------------------------------
1936-1937: 28 Mar (1882)

(on Easter Sunday)

Fatherland Day
(Aberri Eguna)
Population: 2,170,868 (2018)

 7 Oct 1936                Basque Country (País Vasco = Euskadi) organized as an autonomous
                             region (composed of the provinces of Álava, Gipuzkoa and Biscay

                             [Vizcaya]) organized (by law signed 6 Oct 1936).
19 Jun 1937                Bilbao occupied by the Nationalists, the Basque government flees.
23 Jun 1937                Nationalists occupy Balmaseda, gaining control of the entire
                             Basque Country.

17 Feb 1978                General Council of the Basque Country (Consejo General del País
                             Vasco/Eusko Kontseilu Nagusia) formed to administer the provinces
                             or territories of Álava, Gipuzkoa, Navarre and Biscay (Vizcaya)
                            
(by law of 4 Jan 1978, effective 6 Jan 1978)(approval of
                             incorporation: Gipuzkoa by resolution of the Diputación Foral of
                             22 Apr 1979; Álava by resolution of the Juntas Generales of 22 May
                             1979; Biscay [Vizcaya] by resolution of the Juntas Generales of
                             22 May 1979; The Parlamento of Navarre declined the incorporation).
11 Jan
1980                Basque Country (Euskadi/País Vasco = Euskadi/Euskal Herria) an
                             autonomous community (composed of the
provinces of Álava, Gipuzkoa
                             and Biscay)
(by law of 18 Dec 1979). The Statute provided for
                             accession of Navarre, if accepted (not implemented).
25 Oct 2008                
Self-determination referendum scheduled, however on 11 Sep 2008,
                             it is canceled by the Constitutional Court of Spain.
29 May 2014                Basque
Parliament adopts a declaration of sovereignty (it is later
                             suspended by the
Constitutional Court of Spain).

President of the Provisional Government of Basque Country
(
Presidente del Gobierno Provisional de Euskadi = Euskadiko Bitarteko Jaurlaritzaren Lehendakari)
 7 Oct 1936 - 19 Jun 1937  José Antonio Aguirre y Lecube     (b. 1904 - d. 1960)  EAJ-PNV
                             (= Agirre ta Lekube'tar Joseba Andoni)
19 Jun 1937 - 17 Feb 1978  Post abolished
Presidents of the General Council of the
Basque Country
17 Feb 1978 -  9 Jun 1979  Ramón Rubial Cavia                (b. 1906 - d. 1999)  PSE-EE
 
9 Jun 1979 -  9 Apr 1980  Carlos Garaikoetxea Urriza        (b. 1938)            EAJ-PNV
Presidents of the Basque Government
(
Presidente del Gobierno Vasco = Eusko Jaurlaritzako Lehendakari; from 27 Jul 1980, Lehendakari)
 
9 Apr 1980 - 26 Jan 1985  Carlos Garaikoetxea Urriza        (s.a.)               EAJ-PNV
26 Jan 1985
2 Jan 1999  José Antonio Ardanza Garro        (b. 1941)            EAJ-PNV
 
2 Jan 1999 -  7 May 2009  Juan José Ibarretxe Markuartu     (b. 1957)            EAJ-PNV
 
7 May 2009 - 15 Dec 2012  Francisco Javier "Patxi" López    (b. 1959)            PSE-EE
                            
Álvarez
15 Dec 2012 -              Iñigo Urkullu Rentería
           (b. 1961)            EAJ-PNV

Basque Government in Exile (1937-1979)

[Basque Country (Euzkadi, País Vasco) (Spain)]

Presidents of the Provisional Government of Basque Country
19 Jun 1937 - 22 Mar 1960  José Antonio Aguirre y Lecube     (s.a.)               EAJ-PNV
                             (in exile to 4 Feb 1939 in Barcelona; Feb 1939 - May 1940 
                              in Paris; in Germany Dec 1940-23 May 1941; Göteborg,
                              Sweden 23 May - 31 Jul 1941; 27 Aug 1941-8 Oct 1941
                              in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Oct-Nov 1941 in Uruguay; 
                              6 Nov 1941-1946 in New York; from Jun 1946 in Paris)
22 Mar 1960 - 17 Dec 1979  Jesús María de Leizaola Sánchez   (b. 1896 - d. 1989)  EAJ-PNV
                             (in Paris, France exile to 15 Dec 1979)

Valencia
 
[Council of the
                          Valencian Country flag 1978-1979 (Spain)]
10 Apr 1978 - 24 Apr 1979
[Valencia
                          Autonomous Community 1979-1982 (Spain)]
24 Apr 1979 - 10 Jul 1982
[Valencia
                          Autonomous Community (Spain)]
Adopted 10 Jul 1982
Hear Valencian Anthem
 "Himne de València"
(Anthem of Valencia)
Text of Anthem
Adopted 13 Dec 1984

10 Apr 1978                Council of the Valencian Country (Consejo del País Valenciano =
                             Consell del País Valencià
) formed to administer the municipalities
                             within the administrative limits of the provinces of Alicante,
                             Castellón and Valencia (by royal decree of 17 Mar 1978, effective
                             18 Mar 1978).

10 Jul 1982                Valencian Community (Comunidad Valenciana = Comunitat Valenciana)
                             (composed of the provinces of Alicante, Castellón and Valencia),
                             organized as an autonomous community (by organic law of 1 Jul
                             1982).

Presidents of the Council of the Valencian Country
(Presidente del Consell del País Valenciano = President del Consell del País Valencià)
10 Apr 1978 - 22? Dec 1979 José Luis Albiñana Olmos           (b. 1943)            PSPV-PSOE
                             (= Josep Lluís Albiñana Olmos)
                             (formal inauguration 16 Apr 1978)
29? Dec 1979 - 26 Nov 1982 Enrique Monsonís Domingo           (b. 1931 - d. 2011)  UCD
                             (= Enric Monsonís Domingo)
                             (acting to 14 Sep 1981; formally discharged 29 Nov 1982)
Presidents of the
Generalitat Valenciana
(Presidente de la Generalidad Valenciana = President de la Generalitat Valenciana)
26 Nov 1982 -  4 Jul 1995  Joan Lerma i Blasco                (b. 1951)            PSPV-PSOE
                             (appointed by royal decree 23 Sep 1982,
                             formally installed 13 Dec 1982)

 4 Jul 1995 - 24 Jul 2002  Eduardo Andrés Julio Zaplana       (b. 1956)            PPCV-PP
                             Hernández-Soro 
24 Jul 2002 - 20 Jun 2003  José Luis Olivas Martínez          (b. 1952)            PPCV-PP
20 Jun 2003 - 28 Jul 2011  Francisco Enrique Camps Ortiz      (b. 1962)            PPCV-PP
28 Jul 2011 - 28 Jun 2015  Alberto Fabra Part                 (b. 1964)            PPCV-PP
28 Jun 2015 -              Joaquín Francisco Puig i Ferrer    (b. 1959)            PSPV-PSOE
                             (= Joaquim Francesc Puig i Ferrer)






© Ben Cahoon